Haiti: A dusty resettlement

13 April, 2010 | Conflict & Emergencies
Sanitation teams are installing latrines and showers on the temporary resettlement site. Credit: Julie Schindall/Oxfam
Sanitation teams are installing latrines and showers on the temporary resettlement site. Credit: Julie Schindall/Oxfam

What an intense week!

About 10 days ago, we found out that the government of Haiti identified a site for temporary location of homeless people living in flood-prone settlements in Port-au-Prince. They took two months to identify the site and we had one week to prepare it.

It’s a desert-like flat plain about 15 km outside of Port-au-Prince. The dust is intense. We sent out emergency WASH (water, sanitation, hygiene) teams to install latrines, showers and water bladders. They were the only ones working on the site up until the last day before the arrival of the first group of people left homeless by the quake. Our engineers installing latrines had to wear face masks to protect against all the dust. The American military calls that site “peanut butter camp,” because when it rains, the plain turns into a brown mud pit.

Digging deep

That’s not to say the site can’t be made workable. Our engineers have experience in countries all around the world with tough climates, including Chad and Ethiopia. But it takes time to dig pits around 12 feet deep, lay in large stones and wooden frames to secure the loose soil, and drop in corrugated metal walls. Then the latrine is covered with one of our latrine slabs and around the slab goes a reinforced heavy plastic box with a raised, ventilated roof. The latrines also need handles and locks for the security of the person inside. Someone looking at our latrines at the site on Saturday asked if we could move them a little bit to be closer to his organization’s temporary camp. I looked at him and said, “It’s 12 feet into the ground. That’s no Port-a-Potty.”

Finally, just before the people were due to arrive, gravel was laid down. Other agencies arrived with a mobile clinic and hygiene kits. Our water bladders were filled and we made sure enough showers were working for the first small group of people. (Thank goodness for that water bladder. It’s the best water I’ve drunk my entire time in Haiti. Its slightly chlorinated taste reminds me of my childhood, where the city also slightly chlorinated the water.)

I went back out to the site on Saturday because I figured a lot of media would be there. I wanted our engineers to do their job and I would talk to the press. Everyone was in a nervous state all afternoon. Boys from the neighboring camp played soccer on the newly flattened fields. American soldiers lounged in their humvees. The IOM officer kept staring nervously at his watch.

The first residents arrive

Finally the rounded buses arrived with the new camp residents. The media followed. President Preval was traveling with the convoy too. They started filing out. A little boy walked through the dust mounds, each little hand small inside of the bigger hands of two women by his side. Someone next to me said the President was there, but I couldn’t see him through the horde of media and soldiers and NGO workers.

I was sort of wandering around the registration tents, where the residents were getting information about their new place to live. I walked up to people with cameras and introduced myself. Wherever the President went, so went the cameras.

A little while later, CNN and al-Jazeera asked me to give an interview. The cameraman asked me to take off my sunglasses. When I did, I almost stumbled backwards as my eyes adjusted to the light. I’d been wearing them all day against the blinding sun. Thank goodness for wrap-around polarized sunglasses. They protect your eyes from the light and the dust.

Saturday was an intense day, but I was really proud of Oxfam. Earlier that week, we’d issued a press release with World Vision and CARE, protesting the last-minute way the site was picked, and the lack of planning and coordination. We worked long hours to get the site ready on time, and we are so proud of our engineers who toughed out those difficult conditions. At least we know that those people have clean water, and sanitary and safe toilets and showers.

Read more

Download the report: Haiti: A Once-in-a-Century Chance for Change

Watch the video: Rebuilding Haiti: Haitians say jobs are key to recovery

Explore the map: Oxfam's response to the Haiti earthquake

In detail: What Oxfam is doing in Haiti

Comments

refugee camps

"Our engineers had to wear face masks."?

In comparing the metal latrines in your photo, it is clear that they will outlive the Stick & Tin Transitional Shelters mandated by the Shelter Cluster (USAID,CHF,IFRC etc.) Go to http://www.shelterusnow.com to see Emergency/Transitional/PermanentSheltering, all in one quake, hurricane, flood and fire resistant package.25,000 square feet of shelter produceable per day, expandable to two stories for urban sites.

After the hurricanes and deluges strike, it will be too late.

"The IOM officer stared nervously at his watch." (JS)

"Time is running out." (John Holmes/ UN Humanitarian Chief)

I hope that concrete is addressed

As we begin to rebuild the homes for all of these displaced people I pray that we will consider how we are going to produce all of the concrete that will be needed for foundations, walls, columns and blocks.

It will be a tragedy if we allow the Haitians to rebuild using concrete that they produce with shovels on the ground. To highlight this problem, you might review a blog post in CementTrust: http://cementtrust.wordpress.com/2010/08/04/concrete-crisis-in-haiti/

All of our good work will come crumbling down again if we don't find them better ways to make cement-based building materials.  The vast crumbling debris piles remind us of the bad concrete construction practices...