A desperate and largely unknown humanitarian crisis is deteriorating in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa, forcing millions of people to flee their homes and leaving millions more in need of humanitarian assistance. Oxfam is providing life-saving support but help is urgently needed to prevent the crisis turning into a catastrophe.
After the G8 disgracefully dropped the ball on aid at what has been dubbed the ‘Summit of shame’, the G20 today missed their chance to score against poverty by failing to move towards a Robin Hood Tax on banks.
The Canadian prime minister managed to persuade countries like South Africa and India that this ‘taxing banks business’ would be an imposition on poor countries, when in fact the opposite is true. Big financial centers and the real casino banking is taking place in rich countries and this is where the money would come FROM. It should go TO fighting poverty and climate change, both at home and abroad.
Let’s look at the context of these two Summits:
- Aid levels have been frozen despite the commitment to increase them to 0.7% of GNI (40 years later, and only five – Norway, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden and Luxembourg – have kept this promise).
- Climate change is hitting poor people now: Oxfam estimates that in Asia alone, about 1 billion people would face risks from reduced agricultural production, reduced water supplies or increased extreme weather events.
- The economic crisis, mostly created by financial speculation in rich countries, is also hitting poor countries harder where people are already on the frontline of poverty.
- Almost 1,000 women die unnecessarily every day in childbirth and in complications related to pregnancy.
- 1 billion people are still going to bed hungry every night.
These problems are interlinked, unnecessary and morally unjustifiable. Rich countries should stop hiding behind their creative accounting and face up to the fact that they need to deliver on their promises and start investing in the future. Now.
The deadly numbers game
- $1 billion+ is what the Canadian government has spent (to date) on three days of Summit security
- $1 billion - the amount Canada has pledged for child and maternal health over 5 years (Oxfam estimates the need equates to $10 billion annually)
- $1 billion - what Canada should contribute to the Fast-Start Climate Fund
- $2 billion – what Canada spends on subsidizing the fossil fuel industry annually
- $20 billion – ‘missing’ so far from G8 promised aid (of $50bn promised, $25bn of which to Africa)
- $650 billion - what a Robin Hood Tax could raise annually
- $2 trillion - total amount given in aid in past 50 years
- $18 trillion - total amount spent in 2009 to bail out banks
Of course, it is not all a numbers game. However, money can literally mean life or death for people in poor countries, and money that has been delivered through past Summits has been proven to make a BIG difference. Two examples are debt relief for the most vulnerable countries, and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, which saves 3,000 lives a year.
As it stands the G20 today ‘agreed to disagree’ on whether or not everyone should implement some form of bank tax. Some will and some won’t. It is however fair to say that none of the options on the table so far has been extensive enough to qualify for what we would dub a true Robin Hood Tax – a tax that is big enough to raise $650 billion a year globally, and that will be used for ‘global goods’: fighting poverty domestically, cover the shortage of funds needed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, climate change mitigation and adaptation in developing countries and fighting poverty on a global scale.
The Robin Hood Tax is a great idea whose time has come. And the game isn’t over yet. When the G20 meet next in Seoul in South Korea we will make sure that world leaders are reminded of the benefits this tax could bring. Until then, make sure you add your name to the campaign. If we don't see you in Seoul, we'll see you somewhere sometime soon in the Sherwood Forest!
A Robin Hood Tax could generate enough:
- In 17.5 hours, to fill the three-year funding shortfall to eradicate polio ($1.3 billion)
- In two days, to provide secure land tenure and upgrade housing to people living in slums ($3.5 billion)
- In four days, to fully replenish the annual budget of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria ($7 billion)
- In eight days, to bring free universal primary education to the 72 million children who are currently not in school ($10 - $15 billion annually)
- In 12 days, to cover the shortfall in the G8’s pledge to increase aid by $50 billion by 2010 ($20 billion)
- In two weeks, to reduce infant mortality by two thirds ($20-$25 billion)
- In two-and-a-half weeks, to provide universal access to water and sanitation for the one billion people who lack it ($30 billion)
- In less than three months, to bring solar power to 2 billion people ($143 billion)
- In three and a half months, to cover the costs of climate change adaptation and mitigation in developing countries today ($150 billion)
- In four-and-a-half months, to pay off the debts of the world’s 48 poorest countries ($220 billion in 2007), freeing up much needed resources that could be used to hire more teachers and nurses.