Southern Sudan is preparing for its historic referendum on 9 January, in which southerners will vote whether to become the world’s newest independent country. Augustino Buya, one of Oxfam’s longest serving staff, reflects on how life in Juba – the southern capital – has changed over the past few decades of war and peace.
The war broke out in 1983 and within a few years Juba was teeming with people fleeing the fighting. Around 250,000 people took refuge from all over southern Sudan. Oxfam helped to provide some of them with food and shelter.