Oxfam International Blogs - land grabs http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/land-grabs en PepsiCo takes a stand for land rights http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-03-18-pepsico-takes-stand-land-rights <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Big news for those who care about the rights of rural and indigenous people around the world: After more than 272,000 people <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/" rel="nofollow">signed petitions and took action</a> with Oxfam’s Behind the Brands campaign, PepsiCo, the world’s second-largest food and beverage company, committed to take steps to stop land grabs in its supply chain.</strong></p> <p>This announcement comes on the heels of <strong><a href="http://politicsofpoverty.oxfamamerica.org/2013/11/coca-cola-leads-the-way-on-land-rights/" rel="nofollow">similar commitments</a></strong> made by Coca-Cola Company, another target of Oxfam’s campaign, in 2013.</p> What’s the campaign all about? <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/landgrabs" rel="nofollow">Land grabbing</a></strong> is a bitter secret in the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/sugar-rush" rel="nofollow">sugar supply chains</a></strong> of some of the world’s biggest food and beverage companies. Poor communities across the globe are in dispute or even being kicked off their land, without consultation or compensation, to make way for huge sugar plantations. <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/land-and-sugar-testimonies-brazil" rel="nofollow">When families lose their land</a></strong>, they often lose their homes and their main source of food and income.</p> What did PepsiCo agree to? <h3>1. Commit to zero tolerance for land grabs</h3> <ul><li>In addition to committing its vast global operations to “zero tolerance” for land grabs, PepsiCo will adhere to the principle of Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) for all communities across its entire operations, requiring suppliers to do the same. The FPIC standard applied by PepsiCo will be consistent with the <strong><a href="http://commdev.org/international-finance-corporation%E2%80%99s-performance-standards-social-and-environmental-sustainability" rel="nofollow">International Financial Corporation’s performance standards</a></strong> and will explicitly apply to any legitimate land tenure holders.</li> <li>PepsiCo will incorporate FPIC requirements into appropriate mechanisms like its supplier code of conduct and guidelines and will ensure compliance through their existing processes.</li> <li>PepsiCo will immediately embed detailed questions regarding land rights, developed with third-party expertise, into the PepsiCo Sustainable Farming Initiative, a recently launched program designed to evaluate farmers with whom PepsiCo contracts directly. This gives PepsiCo a means to connect with its direct farmer-suppliers on this important issue, and to evaluate the results to ensure reflection of the PepsiCo policy.</li> </ul><h4>Why is this significant?</h4> <ul><li>Following the Coca-Cola commitment, PepsiCo is only the second company in the food and beverage industry to adopt a zero tolerance for land grabs. While <strong><a href="http://politicsofpoverty.oxfamamerica.org/2012/09/26/research-highlights-more-oil-and-mining-companies-human-rights-commitments/" rel="nofollow">companies in the oil, gas and mining industry</a></strong> have committed to implementing FPIC, and other major food and beverage companies have begun to recognize this concept more thoroughly, these two companies are creating a sea change in an industry that does not typically directly own or purchase land to produce the products it sells. With two companies stepping up to zero tolerance, communities may see real change.</li> </ul><h3>2. “Know and show” risks related to land rights and land conflicts</h3> <ul><li>Lifting a longstanding code of silence, PepsiCo has publicly disclosed the top three sourcing countries for its sugar cane (Brazil, India, and Thailand), palm oil (Malaysia, Indonesia, and Mexico), and soy (Brazil), as well as its top three suppliers (palm oil: Oleofinos, Aarhus, Wilmar; soy: Bunge; sugar cane: Sucden, Savola, TRR).</li> <li>PepsiCo has agreed to conduct third-party social, environmental, and human rights impact assessments – specifically including impacts related to land and land conflicts – in its top sugar sourcing countries of Brazil and Thailand, in Mexico for palm oil, and in its coconut water supply chain in the Philippines, and will publish a summary of the findings from these assessments.</li> </ul><h4>Why is this significant?</h4> <ul><li>Transparency is crucial for creating real change. As long as companies keep secrets about where and from whom they source their ingredients, it’s difficult for communities to engage with companies on issues affecting them – let alone to hold companies accountable.</li> <li>New guidelines in the business and human rights arena require companies to do due diligence to ensure human rights are being respected in their supply chains. Impact assessments – conducted with full community participation – are an essential part of PepsiCo’s due diligence in understanding the risks of land conflicts.</li> </ul><h3>3. Advocate for governments and traders to tackle land grabbing and to support responsible agriculture investment</h3> <ul><li>PepsiCo has publicly acknowledged its “responsibility to take action and use influence to help protect the land rights of local communities.” It will join the Committee on World Food Security and support responsible land rights practices.</li> </ul><h4>Why is this significant?</h4> <ul><li>While no single company – even a company as big as PepsiCo – can stop land grabs, major food and beverage companies have a tremendous amount of influence with traders, suppliers, with governments in the countries where they do business. They can bring others along towards respecting communities’ land rights by imposing strong standards, the effects of which could bring benefits for the men and women who grow our food.</li> </ul> What’s next? <p>Oxfam will monitor PepsiCo’s progress and implementation, as we have with Coca-Cola (see the Behind the Brands <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en-us/campaign-news/land-roadmap" rel="nofollow">roadmap on land issues</a></strong>). We’re also calling on other top food and beverage companies to join the soda giants in these commitments. If Pepsi and Coke can do it, surely others can too.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.pepsico.com/Assets/Download/PepsiCo_Land_Policy.pdf" rel="nofollow">PepsiCo's new land policy in full</a></strong> (PDF)</p> <p><strong>Report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/sugar-rush" rel="nofollow">Sugar Rush: Land rights and the supply chains of the biggest food and beverage companies</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Join the <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/signup" rel="nofollow">GROW Campaign</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>PepsiCo takes a stand for land rights</h2></div> Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:00:54 +0000 Irit Tamir 10628 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-03-18-pepsico-takes-stand-land-rights#comments Taking stock of GROW, Oxfam's food campaign http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-01-24-taking-stock-grow-food-campaign <div class="field field-name-body"><p>On 1 June 2011, Oxfam <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressrelease/2011-05-31/broken-food-system-environmental-crises-spell-hunger-millions" rel="nofollow"><strong>launched</strong></a> the GROW campaign to tackle the injustice of 900 million people going to bed hungry every night. The campaign now works in more than <strong>50 countries around the world</strong> and at the international level. We focus on 4 thematic areas key to improving people’s ability to grow and buy enough food – <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/issues/land-grabs" rel="nofollow">land rights</a></strong>, <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/issues/small-scale-farming" rel="nofollow">investment in small-scale agriculture</a></strong>, <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/issues/climate-change" rel="nofollow">climate change</a></strong> and <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/issues/food-price-spikes" rel="nofollow">food prices</a></strong>.</p> <p>Two years into the campaign, we hired an independent evaluation firm to help us take stock, review the progress we’ve made so far to properly steer the next phase of the campaign and achieve more change.</p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/grow-campaign-mid-point-evaluation" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Read the full evaluation report.</a></strong></p> <h3>What have we achieved?</h3> <p>Oxfam staff and partners have made significant progress through a variety of campaigning tactics, including research, direct lobbying of governments, marches, petitions, using social media and coalition building. We’ve achieved commitments on food and land policies from governments, corporations, and global institutions, and increased the participation of rural women in policy processes.</p> <ul><li>Most significantly, GROW has secured commitments by the <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/" rel="nofollow">biggest food companies</a></strong> in the world – Nestle, Coca-Cola and others – to change their policies on the social and environmental impact of their operations.</li> <li>A second highlight was the astounding public participation in the campaign – a “<strong><a href="http://www.avaaz.org/en/petition/The_grain_sacks_are_empty/" rel="nofollow">Stop the African Hunger Games</a></strong>” petition on the Sahel food crisis in 2012 led to 533,000 signatures; nearly 400,000 people have <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/" rel="nofollow">taken action on food companies</a></strong>, and 30,000 have tried the ‘<strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/method" rel="nofollow">GROW method</a></strong>’ to see how they can feed their families in a way that contributes to a fairer world. Another 107,000 people successfully petitioned the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/campaigns/communities-polochic-valley-guatemala-eviction-and-mobilization" rel="nofollow">government of Guatemala to return land</a></strong> to people previously forcibly evicted from their homes.</li> <li>Finally, with the help of <strong><a href="http://oxfamontour.org/coldplay/inmyplacefilm/" rel="nofollow">Coldplay and 50,000 supporters</a></strong>, GROW secured the <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-04-24-how-your-campaigning-helping-end-land-grabs">commitment of the World Bank</a></strong> to improve its policies on investments in land in developing countries, setting an important example to all investors that could help put a stop to land-related human rights abuses and prevent greater poverty, hunger and hardship.</li> </ul><p>For more on the GROW campaign achievements and lessons, see the <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/grow-campaign-mid-point-evaluation" rel="nofollow"><strong>evaluation report</strong></a>.</p> <h3>What have we learned?</h3> <p>Some of the lessons we’ve learned include the need to <strong>avoid rapid shifts from one theme to another</strong> and allow sufficient time for an appropriate adoption by audiences and to achieve change. Whilst our campaigns in developing countries will continue to be given the greatest chance of success by adapting their work to their local contexts, we also need to do better at <strong>capitalizing upon achievements at the local level</strong> and highlight, support and replicate our success ‘globally’.</p> <p>Oxfam wants to engage millions of people in the campaign. So we’ll also be looking at ways that <strong>social media can extend our reach</strong> dramatically. We intend to <strong>foster people to people connections</strong> with the ‘<strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-07-24-female-food-heroes-2012-competition-launches-tanzania">heroes</a></strong>’ who are tackling injustice every day. And we’ll continue to push the boundaries on publicizing land grabs, tackling climate change, and pushing for women’s rights.</p> <h3>Be part of the team!</h3> <p>Thank you for taking a stand with us as the GROW campaign strives to help people fight the injustice of hunger. We are at a critical time in the fight to guarantee people’s access to food, and the land to grow it on, as the increasing impact of climate change on food becomes clearer.</p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/signup" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <p>The next two years will see the United Nations finalizing its <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/about/mdg.shtml" rel="nofollow">post-2015 development strategy</a></strong> and global negotiations for a crucial <strong><a href="http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/international/negotiations/future/index_en.htm" rel="nofollow">global climate change agreement</a></strong>, both of which will have direct impact on agriculture and people’s food security. <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow" rel="nofollow">Join us</a></strong> and take action in the GROW campaign today!</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/oxfam-grow-2-years-infographic-800.png"></a></p> <h3>So what's next?</h3> <p><a href="https://www.thunderclap.it/projects/8451-pepsi-stand-up-for-farmers?locale=en" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Tell Pepsi stand up for farmers!</strong></a></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <ul><li><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/food-and-gender">Food and Gender: Online Discussion</a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/future-of-agriculture">Future of Agriculture: Online Discussion</a></strong></li> </ul></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Taking stock of GROW, Oxfam&#039;s food campaign</h2></div> Fri, 24 Jan 2014 18:23:53 +0000 Simon Starling 10585 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-01-24-taking-stock-grow-food-campaign#comments Just 2 more days to show you #StandforLand! http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-10-just-3-more-days-show-you-stand-land <div class="field field-name-body"><h3>UPDATE: Deadline extended and new prizes announced! Win signed books by world renowned photographer Rankin! Just 2 more days to Stand for Land!</h3> <p><strong>People in over 55 countries have taken a Stand for Land rights – <a href="http://blog.eyeem.com/2013/11/stand-for-land-help-oxfam-secure-the-rights-of-local-farmers/" target="_blank" title="Stand for land. Help oxfam secure the rights of local farmers!" rel="nofollow">join in</a>!</strong></p> <p>Since launching <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-11-26-its-time-stand-for-land" target="_blank"><strong>two weeks ago</strong></a>, more than <strong>1,000 photos</strong> have been submitted to Oxfam and EyeEm’s Stand for Land project, calling on PepsiCo and Associated British Foods to make sure the sugar in their products doesn’t lead to land grabs.</p> <p>Today (Friday, 13 December) we are very pleased to announce that world renowned photographer and Oxfam supporter Rankin has kindly donated five signed ‘We are Congo’ books to the <strong>five best photos that capture the spirit of the campaign issue</strong>. </p> <p>The book forms a collection of images which tell a story of love and solidarity from Rankin’s visit to the Democratic Republic of Congo with Oxfam.</p> <p>The creativity and originality of the <strong>#StandforLand photos</strong> have been amazing: from a group of barefoot feet on a sandy beach and wellies in the woods to kitten paws and feet wearing teddy bear slippers. People from Iraq to Italy and Venezuela to Vietnam have taken a Stand for Land.</p> <p>So to have a chance of winning a signed book from Rankin <strong><a href="http://blog.eyeem.com/2013/11/stand-for-land-help-oxfam-secure-the-rights-of-local-farmers/" target="_blank" title="Stand for land. Help oxfam secure the rights of local farmers!" rel="nofollow">submit your photo</a></strong> – but be quick as there are only 2 days left – the project finishes on Sunday 15th December at 23.59 GMT.</p> <h3>To add your photo, follow these three easy steps:</h3> <ol><li><strong>Download</strong> the free mobile app <strong><a href="http://www.eyeem.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">EyeEm</a> </strong></li> <li><strong>Snap</strong> a photo of your own <strong><a href="http://www.eyeem.com/p/22744758" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">two feet</a></strong> in your favourite place</li> <li><strong>Tag</strong> it with <strong><a href="http://www.eyeem.com/a/7289963" target="_blank" title="Stand For Land - EyeEm" rel="nofollow">#StandForLand</a></strong></li> </ol><p>Once the project has finished, all the entries will be collated into a Christmas card which will be sent to PepsiCo and ABF offices across the world.</p> <p>Make sure that your feet are part of the story! <strong><a href="http://blog.eyeem.com/2013/11/stand-for-land-help-oxfam-secure-the-rights-of-local-farmers/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Add your photo today</a></strong>.</p> <p><em>Check out a collection of some of our favorite shots so far: <a href="http://www.pinterest.com/oxfaminternatl/standforland/" rel="nofollow"><strong>http://www.pinterest.com/oxfaminternatl/standforland/</strong></a></em></p> <p><em>Leave a comment below, to let us know if you've added your photo -- thanks! And good luck!</em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Just 2 more days to show you #StandforLand!</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-12-13-manifestez-votre-soutien-au-droit-aux-terres" title="2 jours supplémentaires et des lots pour montrer votre soutien au droit aux terres !" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-12-13-quedan-solo-3-dias-mas-para-plantarse-por-la-tierra" title="¡Aún te quedan 2 días más para plantarte por la tierra! ¿A qué esperas?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 10 Dec 2013 15:44:36 +0000 Georgi York 10552 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-10-just-3-more-days-show-you-stand-land#comments Brazil: Sugar rush destroys indigenous communities’ way of life http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-16-brazil-sugar-rush-destroys-indigenous-communities-way-life <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong><em>Today, Blog Action Day coincides with World Food Day. Bloggers around the world are highlighting the issue of human rights. At Oxfam, </em><em><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/why" rel="nofollow">we believe everyone has the right</a></em><em><strong> <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/what/purpose-and-beliefs" rel="nofollow"></a></strong>to life and security, and to a sustainable livelihood. People around the world rely on land, literally, for their bread and butter. Land grabs, however, are leaving some of the world's poorest people hungry and homeless and we want your favorite food and drink brands to do more to protect them. Caroline Gluck reports from Brazil.</em></strong></p> <p>Village chief Ezequiel Joâo Kaiowá leads me to a forest clearing located on his tribe’s ancestral land known as Panambi-Lagoa Rica, in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, south-western Brazil. The state’s name translates as ‘thick forest of the South’ but today there’s little heavy forest cover left; a disaster for Brazil’s indigenous communities who have relied on their land for their culture and traditional way of life for centuries.</p> <p></p> <p>Chief Ezequiel points to the ground: charred wood, burnt remains and metal parts lie scattered about. This used to be his family’s house. The wooden foundations are still standing. He holds up a chunk of metal: “this used to be part of the television,” he said.</p> <p>His family are lucky to be alive. For many years, Chief Ezequiel and his community have been fighting for the legal rights to their ancestral land. It’s a lengthy process which has brought them into conflict with powerful political and business interests.</p> <p>Brazil’s constitution recognizes and guarantees the traditional rights of indigenous communities to their land. In practice these rights have been widely ignored. “The constitution is on our side,” another indigenous leader told me a few days later. “We have our rights. But the law is not being respected.”</p> <p><strong>The rapid growth of the sugar industry is a major part to the problem.</strong> Chief Ezequiel believes his home was burned down because he led protests against sugarcane production on the tribe’s ancestral land.</p> <p>Sugar is big business in Brazil. In Mato Grosso do Sul alone, the area of land given over to sugarcane production more than tripled between 2007 and 2012. Many of the sugar mills supply to large international food and drink companies.</p> <h3>The sugar rush</h3> <p></p> <p>Unfortunately the problems facing Chief Ezequiel and his community are not unique. Oxfam’s Behind the Brands campaign has launched a new report, ‘<strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/sugar-rush" rel="nofollow">Sugar Rush</a></strong>’, which outlines how the <strong>production of sugar and other commercial crops</strong> such as soy and palm oil <strong>are fueling land grabs across the developing world</strong>.</p> <p>Oxfam is calling on the world’s biggest producers and buyers of sugar – Coca Cola, PepsiCo and Associated British Food – to act now to ensure land grabs are not a feature of their supply chains.</p> <p>In Ponta Porã municipality, Mato Grosso do Sul, nearly 9,000 hectares of land has been officially designated indigenous territory, called Jatayvary. But that hasn’t stopped farmers occupying the land and clearing forest to grow sugarcane. And it hasn’t stopped the nearby sugar mill, owned by the US food giant Bunge, from buying sugar grown there.</p> <p>Coca-Cola purchases sugar from Bunge in Brazil. While the drinks giant says it does not buy from this particular mill the case highlights that the drinks giant is not doing enough to ensure that its suppliers’ operations do not lead to land grabs.</p> <p><strong>During the harvest period, trucks work day and night, creating pollution and causing road accidents</strong>, some of which involve children. The pesticides sprayed on the sugar plantations from the air have caused health problems including respiratory infections, skin infections and acute diarrhea. The psychological toll which the loss of their ancestral land and destruction of their native forest has had on the community has led to a number of suicides.</p> <h3>“Everything has been cleared”</h3> <p></p> <p>Edilza Duarte, a member of the Guaraní-Kaiowá community that is occupying a patch of land on the border of one of the sugar plantations, worries about how the loss of their land will affect her family and fears for the health and future of her two children. “They have put an end to our culture,” she said.</p> <p><strong>“Before, there was forest and we could go hunting. Everything has been cleared.</strong> There is nothing for us to eat. There is nothing more to hunt, or fish. They have spread the poison and killed everything.”</p> <p>When we arrive Edilza’s husband, Silvino Vargas Savala, has just returned carrying a wild boar caught on a day’s hunting. Families used to be self-sufficient but the loss of their land and native plants and trees means that’s almost impossible now. Until recently, Silvano was forced to relocate to another town to find work – returning home on his one day off a week to see his family. Ironically, his job was with another sugarcane company. He says nearby farms supplying to Bunge refused to employ anyone from his tribe.</p> <p>His wife says it’s been hard to bring up the family on her own and is bitter about the impact the sugarcane production has had on the community.</p> <p><strong>“They finished our reality and decimated us,”</strong> she said. “Because they are so big, we can’t do anything against them. [But] something must be done to them to stop harming us so much.”</p> <p><strong>Take action: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/campaigns/behind-brands" rel="nofollow">Look Behind the Brands and join our petition</a></strong></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Read the report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/sugar-rush" rel="nofollow">Sugar Rush</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-10-02-coke-pepsi-abf-make-sure-your-sugar-doesnt-lead-land-grabs">Coke, Pepsi and ABF: make sure your sugar doesn’t lead to land grabs</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Food connects us all: <a href="https://www.thunderclap.it/projects/5328-wfd2013-get-behindthebrands?locale=en" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Join our social media action for World Food Day</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Brazil: Sugar rush destroys indigenous communities’ way of life</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-10-04-fiebre-azucar-brasil-destruye-medios-vida-tradicionales" title="La fiebre del azúcar en Brasil destruye los medios de vida tradicionales" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-10-11-comment-fievre-sucre-detruit-modes-vie-traditionnels" title="Comment la fièvre du sucre détruit les modes de vie traditionnels" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 16 Oct 2013 15:03:12 +0000 Caroline Gluck 10473 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-16-brazil-sugar-rush-destroys-indigenous-communities-way-life#comments Coke, Pepsi and ABF: make sure your sugar doesn’t lead to land grabs http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-02-coke-pepsi-abf-make-sure-your-sugar-doesnt-lead-land-grabs <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Too often, the sugar in your favorite food and drinks is sourced by kicking farmers and their families off their land. </strong>This leaves people homeless and hungry.<strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>But you can change this. </strong>Tell Coca-Cola, PepsiCo and Associated British Foods (ABF) to make sure their sugar doesn’t lead to land grabs.</p> <h3>The truth behind sugar: anything but sweet</h3> <p>As global demand for sugar increases, so does the rush for land to grow it. Oxfam has found that, in countries like Brazil and Cambodia, companies that supply sugar to Coke, Pepsi, and other food and beverage giants are kicking poor farmers off their land and robbing them of their rights. Elsewhere, ABF – the biggest sugar producer in Africa – is reported as linked to a range of other unresolved land disputes.</p> <p><strong>Edilza Duarte, 24</strong>, (above) is a Guaraní-Kaiowá mother of two, living in Ponta Porã, in Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil. Her community's land, Jatayvary, was taken from them 40 years ago. Now it's all covered in sugar cane.</p> <p>Where they used to hunt and fish and grow crops for centuries, there are now massive sugar cane farms. Edilza and her children now face hunger – they can’t hunt or fish as they used to – and serious health problems.</p> <p>"They spray the fields in two directions and when the wind blows, you feel like you are breathing in the poison. This is exactly how we feel. When it rains, the water flows down to the river where we bath and get drinking water. The poison spreads and people get sick. The children get sick with diarrhea and skin infections," Edilza tells us.</p> <p><strong>"They should stop doing this. They have damaged our lives enough.</strong> That's why we need our land back; so we can plant and eat. We want our land back."</p> <p>Land grabs like this are the sugar industries' bitter secret – and this is not just happening in Brazil. In countries like Cambodia, families are facing the same fight for their land.</p> <h3>The power of you</h3> <p><strong>But you have the power to help stop land grabs.</strong> More than 120,000 people around the world have already called on the world’s biggest food companies to change the way they do business. <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/company-scorecard" rel="nofollow">And it’s working</a></strong>. </p> <p><strong>And with the support of more than 50,000 people and Coldplay, we’ve already won <a href="/en/blogs/13-04-24-how-your-campaigning-helping-end-land-grabs" rel="nofollow">some important victories</a></strong> in the fight against landgrabs. Our campaigning pushed the World Bank to review its policies on land and commit to a new UN standard on land rights.</p> <p>Now it’s time for these three sugar giants to act first and fast.</p> <h3>Stop land grabs</h3> <p>To make sure that their sugar doesn’t lead to land grabs, Coke, Pepsi and ABF need to:</p> <ul><li><strong>Know how their sugar impacts communities’ access to land</strong>, and whether they and their suppliers are respecting land rights;</li> <li><strong>Show where the ingredients they use come from</strong> – and who grows them;</li> <li><strong>Act by committing to zero tolerance for land grabs</strong>, throughout their supply chains and their own operations. Work with governments and others to do the same.</li> </ul><p><strong>It’s time to put a stop to land grabs. <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org" rel="nofollow">Sign the petition now</a></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Want more info? Read the report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/sugar-rush" rel="nofollow">Sugar Rush: Land rights and the supply chains of the biggest food and beverage companies</a></em><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/sugar-rush" rel="nofollow"></a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Coke, Pepsi and ABF: make sure your sugar doesn’t lead to land grabs</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-10-02-coca-cola-pepsi-abf-sucre-accaparements-terres" title="Coca-Cola, Pepsi et ABF : assurez-vous que votre sucre n’entraîne pas d’accaparements de terres" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-10-02-coke-pepsi-y-abf-aseguraros-azucar-que-comprais-no-provoque-acaparamientos-tierra" title="Coca-Cola, Pepsi y ABF: aseguraos de que el azúcar que compráis no provoque acaparamientos de tierra" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 01 Oct 2013 23:00:01 +0000 Georgi York 10451 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-02-coke-pepsi-abf-make-sure-your-sugar-doesnt-lead-land-grabs#comments Cargill and the Colombian Government: Of land and inequality http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-01-cargill-colombia-government-land-inequality <div class="field field-name-body"><p>When two very unequal guys are fighting, an old Colombian saying tells us that we have a fight between “a free tiger and a tied donkey.”</p> <p>When I received the report from Oxfam, “<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/divide-and-purchase-colombia" rel="nofollow"><strong>Divide and Purchase</strong></a>”, this happened at the same time that my friend Rosa Emilia sent me a video on Facebook about the <a href="http://uk.reuters.com/article/2013/08/30/uk-colombia-protests-idUKBRE97T0HJ20130830" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Poncho Revolution</strong></a>. This revolution began in August 2013 and mobilized smallholders, Afro-descendant and indigenous peoples. I asked myself if the report and the strike were related. I will now explain how they are indeed strongly related and require a wise response.</p> <p>Initially the government considered that the ‘Poncho Revolution’ was small and irrelevant on real agrarian problems. In the following days, the ‘Poncho revolution’ developed in Boyacá, Huila, Cundinamarca and Nariño, and across many cities. It was the biggest and longest strike that Colombia has experienced during the last 40 years. We started to ask, who is the free tiger and who is the tied donkey?</p> <h3>Of land and inequality</h3> <p>The fight happens when the country is in the peace process with the <a href="http://www.unric.org/en/colombia/27013-the-guerrilla-groups-in-colombia" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>FARC guerrillas</strong></a> and makes full reparations to victims, restitution of land they were either forced to abandon due to violence or which was taken from them. This is of top relevance because access to land is at the center of discussions at the peace talks.</p> <p>Concentration of land in Colombia is the second highest in Latin America, after Paraguay. Inequality is dominant and growing, and the attempts to reverse it have been unsuccessful. The principal instrument was the award of state land, baldíos, to small-scale farmers and agricultural workers. Since 1994, Act 160 established the ‘Family Agriculture Unit - UAF’ –amount of land necessary for a family to obtain a decent livelihood.</p> <p>Colombia signed Free Trade Agreements with the <a href="http://www.ustr.gov/uscolombiatpa" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>USA</strong></a> and with Europe, and Colombians are learning what it means to be on the weaker side of the agreements. People started to understand that their products are more expensive than subsidized products coming from Europe or the United States.</p> <p>Within this context, the Colombian government tries to reproduce the <a href="http://www.economist.com/node/16886442" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Brazilian ‘cerrado’</strong></a> in the Colombian Altillanura, by accepting for Cargill to concentrate land from agrarian reform beneficiaries.</p> <h3>Synergies: 1+1 = 3?</h3> <p>Between 2010 and 2012, Cargill created 36 different shell companies in order to buy 52,576 hectares of land in the Province Department of Vichada for the production of corn and soy. These 36 properties exceed the maximum size of a UAF by more than 30 times!</p> <p>Though the existing law favors smallholders, the government argues that only large companies are capable of developing the productive potential of the Altillanura region. But we know well that the smallholders sector has shown to be more efficient, contributing to food security, employment and poverty reduction. When we see things through the lens of climate change, we see that the big investment is wrong. The Altillanura contains the highest diversity of birds in the world, the greatest reserves of freshwater fish, and a variety of ecosystems.</p> <p>The context clearly represents that of a “fight of a free tiger against a tied donkey.” The smallholders demonstrated to be a strong political actor. They demonstrated that investments like those intended by Cargill are not responding to any development model.  Through the ‘Poncho Revolution’ the social movements demonstrated that the attempts to reverse the concentration of land tenure in Colombia have been ineffective.</p> <h3>Development and land rights</h3> <p>The case is testing what is the real policy and coherence of the Colombian government. In a case like this we recommend<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/" rel="nofollow"><strong>:</strong></a></p> <ul><li><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/" rel="nofollow"><strong>The GROW Campaign</strong></a> should use this example in the light of the <a href="http://www.fao.org/nr/tenure/voluntary-guidelines/en/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land</strong></a>, whose implementation the company and the government state their support. This could be a powerful example during the <a href="http://www.fao.org/cfs/en/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Committe on Food Security</strong></a> meetings to be held in 4-12 October.</li> </ul><ul><li>Colombians are living the terrible impacts of the neoliberal model: the state being replaced by the market, which is supposed to allow free competition to happen. This is contrary to the concept of development. The state has to resolve cases where the law may have been violated. If land that was distributed to small-scale farmers and agricultural workers are now concentrated in the hands of the largest agricultural commodity trader in the world, how to understand Colombian social development and the fight against inequality and poverty?</li> </ul><ul><li>Rural development is one of the most controversial points in the peace talks held in Havana. In light of the ‘Poncho Revolution’ not having a recent precedent in the country, the results from the agreement gain prominence.</li> </ul><ul><li>As the report indicates, “The return of awarded baldíos to the domain of the nation when there is proof of violation of the rules and breach of the conditions and obligations under which the award was made, or when the property is not used for the intended objectives.”</li> </ul><ul><li>The facts show that the state failed in its duty to preserve the social and environmental function of land distributed through the agrarian reform process.</li> </ul><p>As one of the leaders of the ‘Poncho Revolution’ said, “I always use the poncho when it’s cold.” Now I will grab my poncho and go home. A sound analysis indicates clearly the identities of the tiger and the donkey in the case launched by Cargill in the Colombian Altillanura.</p> <p><em><strong>Read the report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/divide-and-purchase-colombia" rel="nofollow">Divide and Purchase: How land ownership is being concentrated in Colombia</a></strong></em></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/divide-and-purchase-colombia" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy?keys=land&amp;created[min]=&amp;created[max]=" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam's research on land</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/landgrabs" rel="nofollow"><strong>How getting to grips with land grabs is possible</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Cargill and the Colombian Government: Of land and inequality</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-09-30-cargill-y-el-gobierno-colombiano-pelea-de-tigre-con-burro-amarrado" title="Cargill y el gobierno colombiano: Pelea de tigre con burro amarrado" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 01 Oct 2013 16:03:21 +0000 Constantino Casasbuenas 10450 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-01-cargill-colombia-government-land-inequality#comments 4 ways we spoke out together on land grabs – and 4 brilliant results http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-08-13-4-ways-we-spoke-out-together-land-grabs-4-brilliant-results <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>What is a land grab?</strong> Land grabs are huge purchases of land by banks, private investors, governments or corporations which result in the often violent eviction of local people from their homes and the loss of the livelihoods and small farms which feed their families.</p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/campaigns/land-grabs-qa" rel="nofollow">More: Land grabs FAQ</a></strong></p> <p><strong>So how did Oxfam activists and supporters speak out on land grabbing?</strong></p> <h3>1. A crowdsourced Coldplay music video</h3> <p>7,000 Coldplay fans and Oxfam supporters from all over the world helped to make a new land-grab-themed music video for an exclusive version of the band's huge global hit “In My Place” – check out Ed Sheeran at 1:58!</p> <h3>2. World Bank on this!</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-04-24-how-your-campaigning-helping-end-land-grabs">More than 50,000 people signed our petition</a></strong> urging the World Bank to protect small scale farmers. We also met with President Jim Yong Kim's staff at the highest level to discuss the petition's concerns – part of an unmissable program of campaigning which kept the pressure up on world leaders throughout June's G8 summit.</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23ittakes&amp;src=hash" rel="nofollow">#ittakes</a> a MASSIVE TRUCK to deliver your <a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23stoplandgrabs&amp;src=hash" rel="nofollow">#stoplandgrabs</a> messages to the <a href="https://twitter.com/WorldBank" rel="nofollow">@WorldBank</a>! Check it out: <a href="http://t.co/vfZr6c7WoX" rel="nofollow">pic.twitter.com/vfZr6c7WoX</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/statuses/325681130659540993" rel="nofollow">April 20, 2013</a></p></blockquote> <p></p> /* divs to center content of unknown width */ .center-outer {float: left; position: relative; left: 50%;} .center-inner {float: left; position: relative; left: -50%;} <h3>3. SOLD! Iconic landmarks grabbed</h3> <p>Campaigners from nine countries 'grabbed' iconic and much-loved landmarks. <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-02-11-landgrabs-campaigners-have-inspired-action-around-world">SOLD signs</a></strong> started popping up everywhere, from the White Cliffs of Dover to the Sagrada Família to the Sydney Opera House.</p> <h3>4. Solidarity with Guatemalan farmers</h3> <p>Families in the Polochic Valley of Guatemala and peasant farmer organizations in Guatemala were able to hand over <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/campaigns/government-guatemala-will-compensate-158-polochic-families-thanks-your-support" rel="nofollow">107,000 supporting signatures collected in 55 different countries</a></strong> to the Guatemalan Minister of Agriculture protesting their eviction.</p> <p></p> And here's the brilliant progress that's been made: <h3>1. A new standard and an independent review</h3> <p>The World Bank has agreed to review its policies on land and has committed to use a new UN standard on land rights. There will also be an independent review of the impact of World Bank programs on land rights.</p> <h3>2. Working together for fairness</h3> <p>World leaders agreed to set up pilot partnerships with developing countries to help stop land grabbing.</p> <h3>3. Finally on the agenda</h3> <p>Land grabs were put on the <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-06-20-verdict-g8-summit-2013">G8 agenda</a></strong> for the very first time and presidents, prime ministers and chancellors called for more responsible investments in agriculture.</p> <h3>4. Rights restored</h3> <p>The Guatemalan government has <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/campaigns/government-guatemala-will-compensate-158-polochic-families-thanks-your-support" rel="nofollow">committed</a></strong> to finding a way to acquire land for the Polochic Valley families.</p> Thank you! <p>Your efforts have led to real progress for the world's poorest people and show how powerful we can be when we work together. Small-scale farmers and their families deserve to build their lives on a level playing field, where they're safe from the risk of eviction and starvation. There's still plenty of work to be done, but for now we owe each one of you a huge thank you.</p> <p><strong>So grazie, tak, murakoze, diolch, asante, bedankt, kiitos, go raibh maith agaibh, zikomo, obrigado, danke, kea leboga, gracias, et merci beaucoup!</strong></p> You may also like <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/issues/land-grabs" rel="nofollow">The issue: Land grabs</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/campaigns/communities-polochic-valley-guatemala-eviction-and-mobilization" rel="nofollow">Communities from Polochic Valley in Guatemala: eviction and mobilization</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Oxfam’s research on land grabs: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/land-and-power" rel="nofollow">Land and Power: The growing scandal surrounding the new wave of investments in land</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/signup" rel="nofollow">Join the GROW Campaign</a></strong>, to help fix the food system and GROW justice.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>4 ways we spoke out together on land grabs – and 4 brilliant results</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-08-13-acaparamientos-de-tierras-cuatro-formas-de-alzar-la-voz-y-cuatro-excelentes-resultados" title="Acaparamientos de tierras: cuatro formas de alzar la voz y cuatro excelentes resultados" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-08-13-accaparement-de-terres-4-facons-faire-entendre-nos-voix-4-resultats-impressionnants" title="Accaparement de terres : 4 façons de faire entendre nos voix – et 4 résultats impressionnants" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Tue, 13 Aug 2013 15:20:03 +0000 Rachel George 10401 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-08-13-4-ways-we-spoke-out-together-land-grabs-4-brilliant-results#comments Acaparamientos de tierras: cuatro formas de alzar la voz y cuatro excelentes resultados http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10397 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>¿Qué son los acaparamientos de tierras?</strong> Son grandes transacciones de tierras realizadas por los bancos, inversores privados, gobiernos o empresas que, con frecuencia, implican el desalojo violento de la población local de sus hogares y la pérdida de los medios de vida y pequeñas explotaciones con los que alimentaban a sus familias. <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/crece/campaigns/acaparamiento-de-tierras-preguntas-y-respuestas" rel="nofollow">Más: Acaparamientos de tierras </a></strong></p> <p><strong>¿Cómo denunciaron los activistas y colaboradores de Oxfam el acaparamiento de tierras?</strong></p> <h3>1. In my place</h3> <p>Un total de 7.000 colaboradores de Oxfam y fans de Coldplay de todo el mundo contribuyeron a crear un nuevo videoclip sobre el acaparamiento de tierras para una versión exclusiva del éxito mundial de la banda In My Place. ¡Mira a Ed Sheeran en el minuto 1:58!</p> <h3>2.   El papel del Banco Mundial</h3> <p>Más de <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/es/blogs/13-04-24-como-tu-colaboracion-esta-contribuyendo-detener-el-acaparamiento-de-tierras">50.000 personas firmaron nuestra petición</a></strong> para exigir al Banco Mundial que protegiera a las agricultoras y agricultores a pequeña escala. También mantuvimos reuniones de alto nivel con el personal del presidente Jim Yong Kim para debatir sobre las cuestiones reivindicadas en la petición, como parte de un programa de campaña imprescindible para mantener la presión sobre los líderes mundiales a lo largo de la Cumbre del G8 que tuvo lugar en junio.</p> <h3>3. ¡VENDIDO!</h3> <p>Defensores de la campaña de nueve países “acapararon” monumentos emblemáticos y entrañables.  Había carteles de <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/es/blogs/13-02-11-la-accion-contra-el-acaparamiento-de-tierras-se-extiende-por-todo-el-mundo">“VENDIDO”</a></strong> por todas partes, desde los acantilados blancos de Dover hasta la Sagrada Familia o la Ópera de Sydney. </p> <h3>4. Solidaridad con los agricultores guatemaltecos</h3> <p>Las familias del valle del Polochic (Guatemala) y varias organizaciones campesinas de Guatemala entregaron al Ministro de Agricultura guatemalteco <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/campaigns/el-gobierno-de-guatemala-anuncia-la-entrega-de-tierras-158-familias-desalojadas-del-poloch" rel="nofollow">107.000 firmas de apoyo recogidas en 55 países</a></strong> en protesta contra los desalojos.</p> A continuación presentamos los progresos que se han logrado: <h3>1. Un nuevo estándar y una revisión independiente</h3> <p>El Banco Mundial ha aceptado revisar sus políticas sobre tierras y se ha comprometido a utilizar un nuevo estándar de las Naciones Unidas en materia de derechos sobre la tierra. También se realizará una revisión independiente del impacto que tienen los programas del Banco Mundial en los derechos sobre la tierra. </p> <h3>2.  Trabajar en colaboración</h3> <p>Los líderes mundiales se han comprometido a establecer proyectos piloto de asociación con los países en desarrollo para poner fin al acaparamiento de tierras.</p> <h3>3. Por fin en la agenda</h3> <p>Por primera vez en la historia, los acaparamientos de tierras forman parte de la agenda del G8 y presidentes, primeros ministros y ministros exigieron que se realizaran inversiones más responsables en materia de agricultura.</p> <h3>4.  Derechos restablecidos</h3> <p>El Gobierno guatemalteco <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/campaigns/el-gobierno-de-guatemala-anuncia-la-entrega-de-tierras-158-familias-desalojadas-del-poloch" rel="nofollow">se ha comprometido</a></strong> a encontrar la manera de adquirir tierras para las familias del valle del Polochic.</p> <p> </p> ¡Muchas gracias!  <p>Gracias a tu esfuerzo hemos conseguido un progreso real para las personas más pobres del mundo y demostrado el poder que tenemos cuando trabajamos juntos. Las agricultoras y agricultores a pequeña escala y sus familias merecen construir sus vidas en igualdad de condiciones, sin riesgo de ser desalojados ni pasar hambre. Todavía hay mucho trabajo por hacer, pero por el momento lo único que podemos decirte es: “muchas gracias”. </p> <p><strong>¡Grazie, tak, murakoze, diolch, asante, bedankt, kiitos, go raibh maith agaibh, zikomo, obrigado, danke, kea leboga, thank you et merci beaucoup!</strong></p> Contenido relacionado <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/crece/dashboard" rel="nofollow">Únete a la campaña CRECE</a></strong> para conseguir un sistema alimentario más justo.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Acaparamientos de tierras: cuatro formas de alzar la voz y cuatro excelentes resultados</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-08-13-accaparement-de-terres-4-facons-faire-entendre-nos-voix-4-resultats-impressionnants" title="Accaparement de terres : 4 façons de faire entendre nos voix – et 4 résultats impressionnants" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_en last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-08-13-4-ways-we-spoke-out-together-land-grabs-4-brilliant-results" title="4 ways we spoke out together on land grabs – and 4 brilliant results" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Tue, 13 Aug 2013 13:26:19 +0000 Rachel George 10397 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10397#comments Return on Investment: What have we gained from the New Alliance? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-06-11-return-investment-what-have-we-gained-new-alliance <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>At its inception, Oxfam was critical of the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition in Africa. Eric Muñoz of Oxfam America has been on a fact-finding mission to New Alliance countries and explains below that serious concerns remain.</em></p> <p><strong>Last year's G8, hosted by the US, gave birth to the <a href="http://transition.usaid.gov/press/factsheets/2012/fs120518.html" rel="nofollow">New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition</a>, an initiative to increase private sector investment in agriculture. As much as anything, the New Alliance signals an emerging trend by donors to promote public-private partnerships to address key global challenges such as hunger.</strong></p> <p>Fast-forward roughly a year, and tomorrow the New Alliance will celebrate an anniversary of sorts with a half day event in London which promises to take stock of progress and chart a path forward – including launching new country partnerships. It seems an opportune moment to ask <strong>how is the New Alliance performing?</strong></p> <h3>First, some background...</h3> <p>When the New Alliance launched, Oxfam and other civil society organizations, <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/pressroom/pressrelease/2012-05-18/g8-food-security-alliance-answers-question-hungry-people-have-not-" rel="nofollow">cried foul</a></strong>, pointing to major gaps remaining in public finance for agriculture. The New Alliance provided the wrong solution to addressing the needs of small food producers. As the Camp David G8 <strong><a href="http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/189889.pdf" rel="nofollow">Accountability Report</a></strong> noted at the time, national agriculture investment plans faced an average 51% funding gap. These plans – essentially roadmaps for public investments in agriculture – are crucial to <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/investing-in-poor-farmers-pays" rel="nofollow">building and sustaining agriculture development for poverty reduction</a></strong>.</p> <p>Instead of doubling-down on <strong><a href="http://www.g8italia2009.it/static/G8_Allegato/LAquila_Joint_Statement_on_Global_Food_Security%5B1%5D,0.pdf" rel="nofollow">L'Aquila commitments</a></strong> to fill this gap, G8 governments chose instead to focus on attracting private investment in African agriculture, and lent the G8's collective weight to that effort. The New Alliance thus brings together an a array of commitments from various groups: from donors to continue to provide assistance to the agriculture sector, from governments to reform domestic policies and from the private sector to invest in a handful of African countries – six to date.</p> <p>For the sake of full disclosure, Oxfam America's Executive Director, Ray Offenheiser, is currently participating in the Leadership Council of the New Alliance, a body which is supposed to serve as a kind of global accountability mechanism. The LC continues to struggle to meet this responsibility.</p> <h3>A work in progress... but also an initiative in need of repair</h3> <p>To get a better sense of what has been happening in countries that have joined the New Alliance I have been talking to colleagues and partners in these countries, reviewing the evidence and doing a bit of fact-finding myself. On the one hand, what I have found is that the New Alliance is very much <strong>a work in progress</strong> that is still in the early stages of getting organized and gaining momentum. From this perspective, there are few concrete outcomes to date. On the other hand, my early evaluation is that this is <strong>an initiative in need of repair</strong>.</p> <p>In our initial verdict of the New Alliance, we noted that it was, <strong>"neither new, nor a true alliance"</strong> a point which was brought home to me in talking with some of the companies that signed on to this initiative. Rather than developing new investment initiatives to contribute to the New Alliance, companies reported that existing business plans were the basis for their inclusion. So, if these companies had plans in place already to invest in agriculture, what did they gain from joining the New Alliance?</p> <p>The answer seems to be in what countries have agreed to: major policy reforms in critical areas that impact private investment in agriculture. But many of the reforms on the table have the potential to <strong><a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/blog/2013/06/a-call-to-policy-makers-to-support-smallscale-agriculture" rel="nofollow">tip the balance</a></strong> of national policies in favor of big business over small-scale family farmers. While some reforms, such as incorporating nutrition more centrally into the agriculture investment agenda, are positive, others, such as changes in land policy and seed sector liberalization, are more controversial and threaten to put at risk farmers' rights and access to land, seed and water.</p> <p>I have found a <strong>lack of systematic country-level civil society participation</strong> in the negotiation of Cooperation Framework Agreements, which means that questions of risk to farmers are not being adequately addressed. In Mozambique, for example, farmers organizations, which are part of Oxfam's GROW campaign only learned about major changes to seed, land and fertilizer regulations at the launch event for the New Alliance in that country. Needless to say these are issues our allies are intensely concerned about and have been following for months.</p> <p>If these policy reforms have been made out of the spotlight of public scrutiny and dialogue, it is because they have not utilized existing transparent, legitimate platforms that set the agenda for agriculture in African countries, specifically <strong><a href="http://www.nepad-caadp.net/" rel="nofollow">CAADP</a></strong>. Despite its general recognition as a key country-owned process across African countries, there are real concerns that the New Alliance is operating as a parallel forum, undermining rather than reinforcing CAADP, and that this initiative is not following the good practice guidelines developed by the <strong><a href="http://www.fao.org/cfs/en/" rel="nofollow">Committee on Food Security</a></strong> (CFS), including on land tenure reform.</p> <h3>Can the New Alliance deliver for small producers?</h3> <p>Even if these shortcomings are addressed, will the New Alliance deliver real results for small producers? This requires designing investments that recognize small producers as partners not just as clients or customers. It also requires putting in place safeguards to reduce the risks borne by small producers. There are good reasons to be wary of how companies engage with small producers, with plenty of examples of how this can go wrong. Though most investments are still only on paper, <strong>I don't think the proper groundwork has been laid to ensure this won't be the case</strong>.</p> <h3>Our appeals to the New Alliance</h3> <p>With these concerns in mind and so many unanswered questions being raised not just by Oxfam, but by civil society organizations across the <strong><a href="http://www.interaction.org/article/president-obamas-new-alliance-food-security-and-nutrition" rel="nofollow">US</a></strong>, <strong><a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/professionals-home/blog/2013/06/%7E/media/DAC09ADFD4614FF3969D3E07F0794EDD.ashx" rel="nofollow">Europe</a></strong> and <strong><a href="http://www.grain.org/bulletin_board/entries/4507-letter-from-african-civil-society-critical-of-foreign-investment-in-african-agriculture-at-g8-summit" rel="nofollow">Africa</a></strong> (<strong><a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/professionals-home/blog/2013/06/%7E/media/32BE5C9223B5416B8687263FEC229A3B.ashx" rel="nofollow">see this recent communiqué from Nigerian CSOs</a></strong>) we are calling on the New Alliance to halt further expansion of this experiment, review existing country commitments and undertake reforms to address these shortcomings. Specifically, we are calling on the New Alliance to:</p> <ul><li>Engage with small producers and civil society organizations in all countries where the New Alliance is being planned for or implemented;</li> <li>Increase transparency and accountability of all New Alliance activities, especially company investments commitments;</li> <li>Support better governance of land, in line with international standards including the Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Forests and Fisheries and policy guidance developed at the CFS;</li> <li>Ensure existing policy processes especially at the country and regional levels, are not undermined.</li> <li>Plan, together with farmers organizations, how farmers will benefit from investments, and not be harmed by them</li> <li>Put safeguards in place to ensure New Alliance companies do not grab land, undermine food security, do not cause major environmental and social harm or violate human rights.</li> </ul><p>Without these reforms, the New Alliance might lead to increased investment in agriculture. But it will fail to meet its goal of helping to lift 50 million people out of poverty.</p> <h3>Related links</h3> <p><strong>Briefing note: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/power-rights-and-inclusive-markets" rel="nofollow">Power, Rights, and Inclusive Markets: Public policies that support small-scale agriculture</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Research report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/tipping-balance" rel="nofollow">Tipping the Balance: Policies to shape agricultural investments and markets in favor of small-scale farmers</a></strong></p> <p><strong>The issue: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/issues/small-scale-farming" rel="nofollow">Support for small-scale farming</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Join the <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow" rel="nofollow">GROW campaign</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Return on Investment: What have we gained from the New Alliance?</h2></div> Tue, 11 Jun 2013 14:55:09 +0000 Eric Munoz 10341 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-06-11-return-investment-what-have-we-gained-new-alliance#comments Calentando motores para la cumbre del G8 http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10335 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Hay suficientes alimentos en el mundo para alimentar a todo el planeta. Entonces, ¿por qué una de cada ocho personas sigue yéndose a la cama con hambre? Este mes, ocho personas se reunirán en Irlanda del Norte y podrán empezar a responder a esta pregunta.</strong></p> <p>Estas ocho personas son los líderes de algunos de los países con más poder del mundo: Estados Unidos, Canadá, Francia, Alemania, Italia, Japón, Rusia y el Reino Unido. Se reunirán en la <strong><a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/topical-events/g8-2013" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Cumbre del G8</a></strong> que tendrá lugar el 17 y 18 de junio y las decisiones que tomen permitirán que el mundo esté más cerca de poner fin al hambre.</p> <p>Les pedimos a estas ocho personas que den ejemplo y que hagan todo lo posible para que acabemos con  el escándalo del hambre en el mundo. Concretamente, <strong>los líderes del G8 deben establecer algunas reglas sobre dos de los grandes desencadenantes del hambre: la evasión fiscal y el</strong> <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/crece/issues/el-acaparamiento-de-tierras" rel="nofollow">acaparamiento de tierras</a></strong>.</p> <p>Estas reglas deben tener un impacto positivo sobre las ciudadanas y ciudadanos de sus propios países y las vidas de las personas en mayor situación de pobreza del mundo.</p> Poner fin a la evasión fiscal <p>Únete y pídele al G8 que ponga fin a un sistema fiscal que permite que las empresas y particulares con alto poder adquisitivo eludan el pago de impuestos mientras que las personas más pobres del mundo luchan por sobrevivir. </p> <p>Los gobiernos permiten que se oculten <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/eu/pressroom/pressrelease/2013-05-22/miles-de-millones-de-dinero-privado-escondidos-en-paraisos-fiscales" rel="nofollow">18,5 billones de dólares en paraísos fiscales</a></strong>. Sí, has leído bien: 18,5 billones. Y otros 160 mil millones de dólares desaparecen cada año de los países en desarrollo debido a la evasión fiscal de las empresas. La suma total sería más que suficiente para conseguir ponerle fin a la pobreza extrema.</p> <p>Al guardar su dinero en paraísos fiscales y deslocalizar los beneficios para evitar el pago de impuestos, las empresas y particulares con alto poder adquisitivo apenas pagan impuestos -o ni siquiera lo hacen-, mientras que las personas trabajadoras de los países más pobres a menudo luchan por sobrevivir.

</p> Detener el acaparamiento de tierras <p>
Pídele al G8 que aborde el acaparamiento de tierras que arrebata a las personas más pobres del mundo los hogares y la tierra que necesitan para alimentarse y refugiarse.</p> <p>Las grandes transacciones de tierras están destrozando comunidades enteras. Este mes, los líderes del G8 deberán hacer más por detener el acaparamiento de tierras que deja a personas hambrientas y sin hogar.</p> <p>En la última década, se han comprado 203 millones de hectáreas de tierra en los países en desarrollo. Hay que poner fin al acaparamiento de tierras que amenaza la vida de las personas más pobres del mundo.</p> Únete a nosotros este fin de semana 
 <p>Miles de personas de todo el mundo se están sumando al <strong><a href="http://enoughfoodif.org/global-day-of-action" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Día de Acción Mundial contra el hambre</a></strong>. Mañana tendrá lugar en Londres un gran evento, en el que una multitud de ciudadanos y ciudadanas inspirados les pedirá a los líderes del G8 que reaccionen y aborden el hambre en el mundo. </p> <p>Defensores de la campaña en todo el mundo, desde escolares de Bangladés y ciclistas de Indonesia a <strong><a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/8977170628/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">activistas de Italia</a></strong> y Sudáfrica, pedirán a estos líderes que actúen con determinación contra el hambre.</p> ¡Tu foto en la gran pantalla! <p>Si no puedes estar allí en persona, puedes utilizar las redes sociales para que tu foto de perfil aparezca en la gran pantalla de Hyde Park en Londres: puedes hacerlo <strong><a href="http://enoughfoodif.org/show-your-face" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">aquí</a></strong>. Podrás recibir una imagen donde aparezca tu foto de perfil en la pantalla de Londres. Ayúdanos a hacer que corra la voz en los medios sociales y utiliza nuestro hashtag global #food4all para difundir el mensaje.</p> <h3>Corre la voz</h3> <p>Por favor, comparte estas infografías en las redes sociales para difundir el mensaje y asegurarnos de que los líderes del G8 desempeñen su papel para acabar con la evasión de impuestos y los paraísos fiscales durante la Cumbre del G8 que se va a celebrar el 17 y 18 de junio.</p> <p>Díles que no tolerarás las prácticas de evasión de impuestos injustas que utiliza la élite mundial.</p> <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/SHARE-GRAPHIC-1-SP.jpg"></a>  <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/SHARE-GRAPHIC-2-sp.jpg"></a>                       <h3>     </h3> <h3>Más información</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/crece/signup" rel="nofollow">Únete a Crece</a>.</strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Calentando motores para la cumbre del G8</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-06-07-preparons-nous-pour-le-g8" title="Préparons-nous pour le G8" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_en last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-06-07-warming-g8" title="Warming up for the G8" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Fri, 07 Jun 2013 14:31:10 +0000 Keith Mc Manus 10335 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10335#comments