Oxfam International Blogs - arms control http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/arms-control en Missing from Geneva II talks: The illicit arms fueling Syria’s conflict http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-01-28-missing-geneva-ii-talks-illicit-arms-fueling-syrias-conflict <div class="field field-name-body"><p>A conflict that began almost four years ago in the political turmoil of the Arab Spring has morphed into a multi-sided war, fuelled by guns, bombs, and ammunition from far beyond Syria’s borders.</p> <p>While the international community has been prepared to offer aid for refugees and internally displaced people, efforts to end the bloodshed and resolve Syria’s crisis have been halting at best. At last with leaders from the Syrian government, opposition groups, and the foreign ministers of around 30 countries meeting to convene the <a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/syria-geneva-ii-talks-breakthrough-on-easing-siege-of-homs-but-peace-agreement-remains-far-off-9086542.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Geneva II conference</strong></a>, there is a glimmer of hope that <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidesyria/2014/01/geneva-ii-step-towards-peace-syria-201412693017833130.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>a political process might be possible</strong></a>, even if many very significant difficulties remain for Syria.</p> <p>The simple fact is that without continuing supplies of arms—particularly bullets and larger munitions like artillery shells, explosives, rockets and bombs—none of the parties to the conflict would be in a position to continue the war.</p> <p>However, vital questions are still not on the agenda in Switzerland: How are the combatants getting their arms and ammunition? And can such supplies be stopped as part of any peace deal?</p> <h3>Stemming the weapons flow</h3> <p>Just days before peace talks on the conflict were due to begin, reports that <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidesyria/2014/01/geneva-ii-step-towards-peace-syria-201412693017833130.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Russia has stepped up its supply of military support</strong> </a>to the Syrian government were alarming. Many armed groups have received illicit arms and ammunition shipments from outside the country as well. The Al Qaeda-linked ISIS allegedly brought many of its arms from Iraq, where it also continues to fight. According to the <a href="http://www.iiss.org/en/publications/military%20balance/issues/the-military-balance-2012-77da" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>International Institute for Strategic Studies</strong></a> and the <a href="http://portal.sipri.org/publications/pages/transfer/tiv-data" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Stockholm International Peace Research Institute</strong> </a>(SIPRI), Russia and Iran are the main arms suppliers to the Syrian government. SIPRI and many other researchers have identified Qatar and Saudi Arabia as the <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/03/25/world/middleeast/an-arms-pipeline-to-the-syrian-rebels.html?smid=pl-share" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>principle arms suppliers of opposition forces in Syria</strong></a>. Many arms have been smuggled into Syria from Lebanon and Turkey.</p> <p>While there is a small amount of ammunition and explosives production inside Syria and the government had huge stockpiles built up before the war, the war could not continue at the same pace without the incoming flows of foreign weapons, ammunition and explosives. Even a reduction in ammunition supplies would reduce the intensity of the conflict and lessen the terrible violations Syrians face, giving more room for talks to succeed. If the warring parties have a lower capacity to fight, they will have a greater incentive to talk, and a weakened ability to indiscriminately target civilians.</p> <h3>What about a ceasefire?</h3> <p>Beginning with Aleppo, <a href="http://www.dw.de/kerry-lavrov-call-for-localized-ceasefire-in-syria-ahead-of-geneva-ii-talks/a-17358365" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>local ceasefires have been endorsed</strong></a> by US Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/17/syria-ceasefire-aleppo-geneva-peace-talks" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>proposed in Switzerland</strong></a> by Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Al-Moallem. Under the right conditions, local ceasefires can provide the opportunity to ensure that civilians can access aid, create confidence-building measures, and set up a more conducive environment for negotiations between warring parties. The circumstances of <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/17/world/middleeast/syria-rebels-say-cease-fire-deals-prove-deceptive.html?_r=0" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>recent ceasefires have garnered some criticism</strong></a>, but so far there has been little international involvement in the brokering or monitoring of deals to ensure all sides are upholding local ceasefire agreements.</p> <h3>Global arms trade treaty</h3> <p>In the longer term, the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), adopted at the United Nations in April 2013 by overwhelming vote, will make a significant difference to conflicts like that in Syria. When the Treaty enters in to force, States parties will be obliged to measure requests for arms against criteria based in international humanitarian law and human rights law. Where there is a risk of prolonging or aggravating a conflict, or of serious abuses of human rights, States will have to refuse supplies. The ATT will also play a role in preventing any State from building up excessive stocks of weapons in future, reducing all States’ capacity to wage war as has happened in Syria.</p> <p>The people of Syria are suffering immensely. They need the international community to control the guns, bullets and bombs that are causing so much death, destruction and displacement; they need an end to the supply of illicit arms to bring peace to their country.</p> <p><em></em></p> <strong><a href="https://audioboo.fm/boos/1884950-oxfam-what-s-going-on-at-the-syria-peace-talks" rel="nofollow">Listen to the latest udpate: What's going on at the Syria peace talks?</a></strong> <p><em></em></p> // <p></p> <p><em>Originally posted by <a href="http://politicsofpoverty.oxfamamerica.org/2014/01/missing-geneva-ii-peace-talks-illicit-arms-fueling-syrias-conflict/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam America</strong></a>, adapted from a prior version of the post which appeared on <strong><a href="http://beta.syriadeeply.org/op-eds/fueling-syrias-weapons-supply/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Syria Deeply</a>,</strong> an independent digital media project led by journalists and technologists that explores a new model of storytelling around this global crisis.</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/syria-crisis/" rel="nofollow"><strong>Syria crisis: What Oxfam is doing</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/issues/emergency-response" rel="nofollow"><strong>How Oxfam responds to emergencies</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Missing from Geneva II talks: The illicit arms fueling Syria’s conflict</h2></div> Tue, 28 Jan 2014 18:14:57 +0000 Martin Butcher 10586 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-01-28-missing-geneva-ii-talks-illicit-arms-fueling-syrias-conflict#comments A global Arms Trade Treaty: a marathon not a sprint http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-08-13-global-arms-trade-treaty-marathon-not-sprint <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>The fight for an Arms Trade Treaty has been a marathon – not a sprint. Here, Oxfam’s Head of Arms Control Anna Macdonald sets out why she believes it’s worth staying the course.</em></p> <p><strong>The world has come within a hair’s breadth of agreeing a global Arms Trade Treaty. This would have been a huge step in the right direction for preventing genocide and human rights abuses by bringing the arms trade under control – and given the shocking atrocities unraveling in Syria each day, it’s definitely long overdue.</strong></p> <p>But on the last day of <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/disarmament/ATT/" target="_blank" title="UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty - 2-27 July 2012, New York" rel="nofollow">month-long negotiations at the UN</a></strong>, with agreement seemingly about to be reached,  the <strong><a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/28/world/proponents-of-arms-trade-treaty-urge-final-approval.html/" title="U.N. Misses Its Deadline for Arms Pact - The New York Times - July 27, 2012" rel="nofollow">United States blocked the treaty</a></strong>, saying it needed more time to consider it. A final text had to be adopted on "the basis of consensus", a procedural rule insisted on by the US itself, and which effectively gave each country a veto. It was an anti-climax to a month of negotiations that had showed such promise. </p> <p>Frustration among supporter states quickly turned into determination, and a group statement from 90 states was read out by Mexico as the conference closed, laying down clearly that <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressrelease/2012-07-28/battle-arms-trade-treaty-continues-governments-opt-delay-final-dea" target="_blank" title="Battle for an Arms Trade Treaty continues as Governments opt to delay final deal" rel="nofollow">they will continue to work for a strong ATT</a></strong> as soon as possible.</p> <p>The battle for an ATT has been a marathon.  A decade ago when we launched the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms" target="_blank" title=" Join the campaign for a global Arms Trade Treaty" rel="nofollow">Control Arms campaign</a></strong>, the Arms Trade Treaty was dismissed by many governments as an idealistic fantasy. Activists around the world refused to give up, eventually the governments started listening – and have now spent a month discussing in detail every aspect of how to make the treaty a reality.</p> <h3>The fight is not over</h3> <p>Negotiations may have ended in a lack of consensus this time, but the fight is by no means over. Our hopes are now pinned on the UN General Assembly, which opens in late-September.   The General Assembly works on the basis of majority voting, not consensus so it is entirely feasible for an improved Treaty text to now be tabled and voted on.</p> <p><strong>The draft treaty text provides a basis for states to now build on</strong>, and which will enable the arms trade to brought under control. Work needs to be done to improve the text as there are still several loopholes – almost all there at the insistence of the US – which must be removed; but it remains a significant achievement. </p> <p>Indeed, there is much in the text which we can be proud of, including the centrality of <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/devil-detail-criteria-att" target="_blank" title=" The importance of comprehensive and legally binding criteria for arms transfers" rel="nofollow">strong criteria</a></strong> around international humanitarian and human rights law, as well as sustainable development, anti-corruption measures and gender-based violence. Conventional weapons, their parts and components and <strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/stop-bullet-stop-war" target="_blank" title=" Why ammunition must be included in the Arms Trade Treaty" rel="nofollow">ammunition</a></strong> are in there. </p> <h3>Key changes are needed</h3> <p>It was positive to see the UK government stating their determination to see an ATT achieved in an open letter to the Control Arms coalition on Friday, but they were disappointingly coy both about the need to strengthen the text, and the specifics of the UN First Committee where a resolution will be tabled. The next stage MUST be with an improved text, not the loopholes that currently exist.  Now that the next phase is not bound by consensus, the UK and other treaty supporters should be immediately pushing for the strongest possible text, not compromising with loopholes imposed by the state which scuppered the July negotiations. </p> <p><strong>Among key changes needed in the draft, ammunition, the fuel of conflict</strong>, must be subject to the same controls as other arms; annual reporting by states must be public, not secret; and a current clause allowing “existing defence cooperation” contracts to continue needs to be removed.</p> <p>Strong treaties set international standards, and affect the behavior of all states, not just signatories. Strong treaties gain new members as well over the years. Weak treaties are…..weak treaties, and are rarely strengthened. </p> <h3>We must keep the pressure</h3> <p><strong>I have been fighting to help make an Arms Trade Treaty a reality for nearly a decade.</strong> For me, the reason why this all matters comes back to <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-06-26-control-arms-millionth-supporter-julius-arile-kenya" title=" a message from Kenya">Julius Arile</a></strong>, a young man from Kenya, who has been both a perpetrator and a victim of armed violence. He now uses his experience to campaign for peace, and to persuade other young people to put down their guns. </p> <p><strong>Julius got involved in armed violence as a young man.</strong> His brother had just been shot in dead in a cattle raid on his village and so he picked up a gun and joined other young men in retaliatory raids. After his best friend died next to him, he put down his gun, and started to run instead. He discovered a new skill, and a new life opened up for him as a professional runner. </p> <p>Earlier this summer, I spent a week in Kenya with Julius. I travelled to his home village in West Pokot,  in the north-west, and met with many survivors of armed violence. Their stories of armed cattle raiding, of children being caught in the crossfire, and of families being destroyed were heartbreaking.  Their appeal to the world to stop the flood of weapons into their communities was equally strong.  None of the weapons killing these people’s families were made in Africa - yet it is African lives they have destroyed. </p> <p><strong>As a marathon runner Julius knows all about pacing, about stamina and above all determination.</strong> All those working for an ATT will need to dig deep and find those skills now. </p> <p>There is no doubt in my mind that we will see an Arms Trade Treaty achieved.  We will need to work to get there. The text needs to be strengthened, supporter states need to regroup and campaigners must keep up the pressure in capitals around the world. </p> <p><strong>Global change can - and does - happen.</strong> It is not a sprint, it takes a long time. But with persistence, drive and downright tenacity, we will get there.  It is too important not to.  With momentum growing for an autumn agreement, the UK government will need to choose if they stay as a race leader or get left behind.</p> <h3>Related links</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-05-25-control-arms-sign-press-world-governments-support-bulletproof-arms-trade-treaty"></a><strong>Sign up: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-05-25-control-arms-sign-press-world-governments-support-bulletproof-arms-trade-treaty">Support a bulletproof arms trade treaty</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-07-20-uk-and-us-save-arms-trade-treaty-negotiations">UK and US: Save the Arms Trade Treaty negotiations</a></strong></p> <p><strong>In depth: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy?keys=ATT" rel="nofollow">Oxfam policy reports supporting an Arms Trade Treaty</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>A global Arms Trade Treaty: a marathon not a sprint</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/12-08-13-marathon-traite-commerce-armes" title="Le marathon du traité sur le commerce des armes" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/12-08-16-un-tratado-sobre-el-comercio-de-armas-es-un-maraton-no-una-carrera" title="Un Tratado sobre el Comercio de Armas: es un maratón, no una carrera" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 13 Aug 2012 12:15:50 +0000 Anna MacDonald 9933 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-08-13-global-arms-trade-treaty-marathon-not-sprint#comments UK and US: Save the Arms Trade Treaty negotiations http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-07-20-uk-and-us-save-arms-trade-treaty-negotiations <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>At the Arms Trade Treaty conference at the UN in New York, delegates have been dragging their feet, playing musical chairs and generally skirting around discussions. </strong>With disagreements from the start, the talks are not on track. So, we need States to pick up the pace to ensure that a bulletproof treaty is agreed when the conference closes on July 27th.</p> <p><strong>We are on the brink of an historic victory in the creation of a worldwide Arms Trade Treaty. </strong>Yet, despite our campaigning, a small minority of sceptical countries continue to delay talks and argue for a weak treaty that would have little effect. More than ever before, your voice is urgently needed, to ensure that governments deliver on a strong and comprehensive Treaty.</p> <p><strong>When it comes to armed violence, the numbers are scary. <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/stop-bullet-stop-war" rel="nofollow">12 billion bullets</a></strong> are produced ever year, enough to kill each person on earth twice. Every day 1,500 people are killed in armed violence around the world - 750,000 a year – and that's not counting the thousands more who are injured, raped, or forced to flee from their homes as a result of the unregulated global arms trade. Many of the weapons used in these killings are illegally-traded small arms, yet there are no global rules for the arms trade.</p> <p>Right now, you can make a difference by targeting two of the most influential players in the negotiations; UK Foreign Minister William Hague and the US President, Barack Obama.</p> <h3><strong>Act now: </strong><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org.uk/get-involved/campaign-with-us/find-an-action/arms-treaty-hague" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Tell William Hague to help get the talks back on track</a></strong></h3> <p>The UK is one country that has come out strongly in support of rigorous criteria to prevent any arms transfers which would violate human rights law, saying the treaty "<a href="http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/global-issues/arms-control/arms-trade-treaty/" rel="nofollow"><strong>has the potential to bring real and significant benefits to UN all member states</strong></a>."</p> <p>But over the last several days, new discussion papers have been released on various aspects of the Treaty, which, while not to be considered as Treaty text, are a strong indication of what the final Treaty will look like when presented very soon. Many of the elements that <a href="http://www.controlarms.org" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Control Arms</strong></a> has called for are not in these papers.</p> <p>If we want a bulletproof treaty, now is the time to speak out for these elements to be reintroduced. And now William Hague must use his influence to bring the talks back on track.</p> <h3><strong>Act now:</strong><strong> </strong><a href="https://secure.oxfamamerica.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&amp;page=UserAction&amp;id=1325&amp;autologin=true&amp;utm_source=ATT120718&amp;utm_medium=email&amp;utm_content=2995621&amp;utm_campaign=OAAFadvocacy&amp;JServSessionIdr004=ie3wsn7l22.app228b" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Tell President Obama: Don't cave on the Arms Trade Treaty!</strong></a></h3> <p>President Obama's negotiating team is sitting down with other UN delegates this week to discuss the final elements of the Arms Trade Treaty – but they are about to take a step in the wrong direction.</p> <p>Instead of creating a bulletproof treaty that finally regulates the international exchange of arms, the US and other UN delegations could cave in and allow a major loophole that would let states legally supply weapons to war criminals and human rights abusers by citing national security concerns. A loophole like this could open the treaty up to easy exploitation by people in power who support rogue regimes, including those that suppress human rights and prey on their own populations. You can tell Obama to stand up for millions of people who could be affected by armed violence.</p> <p>A strong Arms Trade Treaty – one that values human rights and prevents arms from getting to human rights abusers in the first place – is a vital part of our ongoing fight against poverty and injustice. <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam</strong></a> has been campaigning for international arms regulations for nearly a decade, but it all comes down to what happens at the UN negotiations.</p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><strong>The Control Arms campaign: </strong><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-05-25-control-arms-sign-press-world-governments-support-bulletproof-arms-trade-treaty">Join the call for a bullet-proof Arms Trade Treaty</a> </strong></p> <p><strong>FAQs: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms/why-we-need-global-arms-trade-treaty" rel="nofollow">Why we need an Arms Trade Treaty</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>UK and US: Save the Arms Trade Treaty negotiations</h2></div> Fri, 20 Jul 2012 11:15:31 +0000 Øistein Thorsen 9915 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-07-20-uk-and-us-save-arms-trade-treaty-negotiations#comments Arms Trade Treaty: Arab NGOs launch their campaign in Beirut http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-04-16-arms-trade-treaty-arab-ngos-launch-their-campaign-beirut <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em><strong>Rima Chemirik, Advocacy Officer for the Treaty on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) of Oxfam France, has recently been in Lebanon to attend the launch of the regional campaign for the ATT.</strong></em></p> <p><strong></strong>It is always a pleasure to come back to Lebanon, the Land of Cedars. Not just for lemonade with mint or the delicious mezze, but also for the joy of living that remains here, despite the painful past that has resulted in so many dead, wounded, displaced persons and other victims.*</p> <h3>A symbolic gathering</h3> <p>It is in this country, which is familiar with the tragedies caused by arms, that the NGOs of the Arab world have officially launched, on 26th March, their campaign for regional mobilization in support of an international treaty on the conventional arms trade. They have chosen to state their commitment to a treaty on the arms trade loudly and clearly a full <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blog/12-03-28-100-days-arms-trade-treaty-talks-state-play" title="100 days before the Arms Trade Treaty talks – the state of play">100 days before the start of formal negotiations</a></strong> on this treaty at the UN in New York.</p> <p>These NGOs**, coming from nine countries in North Africa, the Middle East and the Gulf, gathered at the symbolic <strong><a href="http://www.armanstudio.com/fernandez-arman-hope_for_peace-1075-3-74-eng.html" target="_blank" title="ARMAN - Large Scale - Hope for Peace" rel="nofollow">Hope for Peace monument</a></strong> erected at the entrance to the Defence Ministry, next to Beirut. Some 5,000 tons of concrete, 30 metres high, encases 78 tanks, jeeps and various pieces of artillery. A work of art to bury war so visible that no one forgets its dramatic impact upon humanity.</p> <h3>Every day, 2,000 people die as a result of armed violence</h3> <p>“<strong><a href="http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php?lang=en" target="_blank" title=" control arms now! Time for a bullet proof arms trade treaty" rel="nofollow">Speak Out! Control Arms Now!</a></strong>” was the slogan proclaimed by the NGOs there supporting the international <strong><a href="http://www.controlarms.org/home" target="_blank" title="Control arms - Sign the petition and demand a life-saving treaty" rel="nofollow">Control Arms campaign</a></strong>, which has been demanding that states control the arms trade worldwide since 2003. Is it not surprising to learn that the banana trade is more regulated than the trade in weapons that actually cause the death of about 2,000 people a day?!</p> <p><strong>So we are in the home straight of this historical process</strong>, which officially began at the <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/ArmsTradeTreaty/" target="_blank" title="Towards an Arms Trade Treaty - United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs" rel="nofollow">United Nations in 2006</a></strong>. It is our responsibility to ensure that states coming to New York on 2nd July take positions that put human rights before political and financial interests. In the Arab world, which has experienced several months of uprisings all too often suppressed by armed force, civil society refuses victim status and is campaigning for a strong and effective treaty, a treaty that saves lives and protects populations. Back in their respective countries, these NGOs will take further action to mobilize and raise awareness so that their voices are heard even louder.</p> <h3>Arms without control = danger</h3> <p>Amongst all these voices, is Abdou Bendjoudi, a democracy and human rights activist, member of the Club des démocrates algériens, an NGO involved in the Control Arms campaign in the region: “In October 1988, the Algerian army used live ammunition to kill 500 people while they were demonstrating peacefully to demand their democratic rights. My country then experienced a bleak decade in which soldiers were killed with a variety of conventional weapons. In 2001, 128 young people were killed in Kabylia. So the uncontrolled use of weapons is a danger for both the State and the people.”</p> <p></p> <p>* <em>The Lebanese civil war (1975-1990) resulted in more than 150,000 dead, 70,000 permanently disabled, 17,000 missing and a foreign debt of $70 billion. In 2006, the war with Israel resulted in more than 1,000 people being killed in a few weeks. [Figures from the <strong><a href="http://www.ppm-lebanon.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Permanent Peace Movement</a>,</strong> a Lebanese NGO]</em></p> <p><em>Since the beginning of the Syrian crisis, a hundred Syrians a day have crossed the border into Lebanon. There are between 30,000 and 35,000 of them currently in Lebanon, according to the Lebanese MP Mouin Merheby. This is four times the figure given by the United Nations.</em></p> <p>** <em>NGOs who joined the ATT campaign in Beyrouth: </em><em><a href="http://www.facebook.com/pages/ALG%C3%89RIE-D%C3%89MOCRATIE-CLUB-DES-D%C3%89MOCRATES-ALG%C3%89RIENS/136709846502" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Club des démocrates algériens</strong></a></em><strong><em><a href="http://www.la-laddh.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Ligue algérienne pour la défense des droits de l’Homme</a></em><em><a href="http://eipr.org/en/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights</a></em><em><a href="http://www.ppm-lebanon.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Permanent Peace Movement</a> </em></strong></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms" target="_blank" title="Oxfam and the Control Arms campaign" rel="nofollow">Oxfam and the Control arms campaign</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms" target="_blank" title="Oxfam and the Control Arms campaign" rel="nofollow"></a></strong><strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms/why-we-need-global-arms-trade-treaty" target="_blank" title="Why we need a global Arms Trade Treaty" rel="nofollow">Why we need a global Arms Trade Treaty: Questions &amp; Answers</a></strong> </p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Arms Trade Treaty: Arab NGOs launch their campaign in Beirut</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/12-04-10-traite-commerce-armes-ong-arabes-lancent-campagne-beyrouth-liban" title="Traité sur le commerce des armes : des ONG arabes lancent leur campagne à Beyrouth" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/12-04-10-tratado-comercio-armas-ong-arabes-beirut" title="Tratado sobre el Comercio de Armas: un grupo de ONG árabes lanza su campaña en Beirut" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 16 Apr 2012 13:08:23 +0000 Rima Chemirik 9821 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-04-16-arms-trade-treaty-arab-ngos-launch-their-campaign-beirut#comments Alexander Harang, activist: "The ultimate goal for an Arms Trade Treaty is to spare lives" http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-02-28-alexander-harang-activist-arms-trade-treaty-spare-lives <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Before attending the <a href="http://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/ATTPrepCom/" target="_blank" title="Arms Trade Treaty Preparatory Committee (UN)" rel="nofollow">Prep Comm on the Arms Trade Treaty</a> (ATT) the Control Arms coalition met to have a campaigners conference. This meeting brought together 75 activists from around the world all campaigning for a “bulletproof” ATT. It was a chance for us to solidify our messages and to plan our tactics for the final campaign push between now and the main Diplomatic Conference in July.</strong></p> <p>This is where I met Alexander, a peace campaigner from Norway. Alexander intrigued me, a policy specialist with a PhD in Peace Research and active member of his local gun club. Alexander has written countless reports on different aspects of the arms trade ranging from ammunition to Norwegian military exports to Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt and similar regimes. He also makes his own ammunition; but check this out – using ‘civilian ingredients’ so as not to support the weapons industry!</p> <p>Part of the Arms Trade Treaty movement since the 1990’s, Alex helped launch <strong><a href="http://controlarms.org/index_c.php" target="_blank" title="Control Arms" rel="nofollow">Control Arms</a></strong> in Norway in 2003. He has an incredible knowledge level and some really interesting insights into the arms trade and pressing need to bring it under control. </p> Alexander Harang, activist of the <a href="http://fredslaget.no/" target="_blank" title="Norges Fredslag" rel="nofollow">Norwegian Peace Association</a> <h3>Interview with an Activist - Alexander Harang, Norwegian Peace Association </h3> <p><strong>What do you see as the goal of an Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)? What are the main obstacles?</strong></p> <p>The ultimate goal for me is to spare lives and prevent human rights abuses by making it harder for aggressors to go to war and to sustain warfare. An Arms Trade Treaty should address the enormous corruption stemming from the arms trade, and illegalize all today's arms transfers that hinder socioeconomic development and fuel serious human rights abuses.</p> <p>The main obstacles to such a treaty are the big arms exporting powers and the tyrants of the world who depend on importing military equipment. I want an ATT that makes war profiteering through the arms trade a lot harder than it is today. </p> <p><strong>You own guns for hunting and sport and also make your own ammunition for these purposes - is this not a contradiction?</strong></p> <p>Not at all! I have never felt that my great interest for hunting and sports shooting could be threatened by an ATT. On the contrary; the more responsible the arms industry gets, and the more control the states attain of their arms exports and imports, the better off I am as a legal gun owner.</p> <p>The US debate on this seems extremely off track. As ATT activists, we are often referred to as “gun-grabbers” by members of the National Rifle Association and Gun Owners of America, implying that an Arms Trade Treaty intends to take hold of their civilian held firearms. This is so far fetched. The ATT resolution passed in 2009, <strong><a href="http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N09/464/71/PDF/N0946471.pdf?OpenElement" target="_blank" title="Resolution adopted by the General Assembly - 64/48 - The arms trade treaty - UN (PDF)" rel="nofollow">Resolution 64/48</a></strong>, clearly acknowledges “the right of States to regulate internal transfers of arms and national ownership, including through national constitutional protections on private ownership, exclusively within their territory.” This means, that whether you are a legal gun owner in Norway or the US, <em>you should not feel that your hobby is threatened by an ATT. </em></p> <p><strong>What do you think are the most important things for this treaty to cover and why?</strong></p> <p>The basic principle here should be that all transfers of all conventional weapons should be covered. In the current Arms Trade Treaty scope debate I am particularly worried that states will leave out major weapons not part of the UN register’s seven categories, such as drones. It does not make any sense to leave out the <strong><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predator_drone" target="_blank" title=" General Atomics MQ-1 Predator" rel="nofollow">Predator drone</a></strong> of the treaty at the same time as we keep the <strong><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hellfire_missiles" target="_blank" title=" AGM-114 Hellfire" rel="nofollow">Hellfire missiles</a></strong> they're firing in. Military unarmed vehicles technology is developing very rapidly today, and armed drones are becoming more important to modern air-power. In effect, the drone technology is becoming a very central part of the states military industrial complexes. This is the main reason why we should be much more aware of this up and coming military technology, and seek to regulate the trade in it much more progressively than today.</p> <p>This also leads me to a second element I´m afraid will be left out of the ATT scope, which is the transfer of military technology. Licensed military production, and transfer of know how and technology in this regard, must be included in the ATT. In the globalized arms industry, cooperation through joint ventures makes it all too easy to transfer war technology to the people that should not have this available. </p> <p><strong>What are your hopes and fears for the negotiations in July?</strong></p> <p>I still hope for a strong ATT that can help prevent the suffering of war, contribute to development and ultimately save lives. The greatest fear I have is that we will end up with an ATT that legitimizes irresponsible arms trade. This could make the situation worse rather than better, and must be avoided at all cost. </p> <p><em>Disclaimer: The views expressed in this interview are those of Alexander Harang and do necessarily reflect the views of Oxfam. Do you have any hopes or fears for the Arms Trade Treaty negotiations in July?</em></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><a href="http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php?lang=en" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Speak out: Control arms now!</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms/why-we-need-global-arms-trade-treaty" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Why we need a global Arms Trade Treaty</strong></a></p> <p> </p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Alexander Harang, activist: &quot;The ultimate goal for an Arms Trade Treaty is to spare lives&quot;</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/12-02-27-alexander-harang-activista-objetivo-ultimo-tratado-comercio-armas-salvar-vidas" title="Alexander, defensor de un Tratado de Comercio de Armas &quot;a prueba de balas&quot;" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/12-02-28-alexander-militant-un-tratado-de-comercio-de-armas-prueba-de-balas" title="Alexander Harang, militant : &quot;L&#039;objectif ultime du traité sur le commerce des armes est d&#039;épargner des vies&quot;" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Tue, 28 Feb 2012 07:36:14 +0000 Kate Hughes 9764 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-02-28-alexander-harang-activist-arms-trade-treaty-spare-lives#comments Last bend before the homestretch for the Arms Trade Treaty http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-02-17-last-bend-homestretch-armstreaty <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Six years ago Oxfam celebrated a campaign victory when the UN voted to start work on an Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). So why, you may ask, am I at the UN campaigning for an ATT this week? The short answer is that ‘things take time, especially at the UN’.</strong></p> <p>But to be fair, you can imagine how hard it is for 193 countries to all agree on standards for how to sell weapons to each other. The arms trade is a sensitive issue, it goes right to the heart of national security concerns and States’ right to self defense. After four days at the UN I’ve learnt they don’t take that right lightly. Throw in the mix that we are trying to regulate the trade in arms based on human rights, international humanitarian law, and commitments to the right to development, and you have a pretty stiff cocktail in your hands.</p> <p><strong>Another reason it has taken six years is that the work at the UN has gone through a variety of stages.</strong> The <a href="http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2006/gadis3335.doc.htm" rel="nofollow"><strong>first resolution in 2006</strong></a> called on all States to submit their views on the eventual treaty to the Secretary General. A record of more than 80 countries sent in their views. In parallel to this, Control Arms organized more than 100 “People’s Consultations” around the world where ordinary people shared their views on what the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) should include. This took two years.</p> <p>The next step – in 2008 – was to set up what’s called a Group of Governmental Experts. This was a closed-door series of meetings for a year with experts from 22 countries. They didn’t agree much, apart from the need to keep the process going. So the following year UN agreed to start an Open Ended Working Group on the Arms Trade Treaty. This invited all states to participate in the conversation to discuss the scope, criteria and parameters of the eventual treaty – in other words what weapons to include and how to regulate them. After a year of this ‘open ended’ process they decided to give themselves a deadline – a diplomatic conference in July 2012 – and run <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/ATTPrepCom/" target="_blank" title="United Nations - Arms Trade Treaty Preparatory Committee" rel="nofollow">four preparatory committees (Prep Com)</a></strong> to get ready for it. This week is the 4th of these meeting.</p> <p>The result of these four meetings is what is called the <a href="http://controlarms.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/ChairPaper-14July2011.pdf" rel="nofollow"><strong>Chair’s Draft Papers</strong></a> (pdf). These have been written by the chair of the process – Ambassador Moritan from Argentina – and is a reflection of the views expressed by all states. While there are some significant short-comings to the papers, they provide a pretty good outline of a relatively strong treaty. However, some countries disagree...</p> <h3>So where are we now?</h3> <p>In sports terms I’d say we’re now at the last bend before the homestretch. But first, States have to go through a rather painful process of agreeing the rules and decision-making process for the conference in July. So this week has been all about what “consensus” really means, to what extent NGOs will be able to participate and what the status of the Chair’s papers will be. These are quite dry issues, but important. Oxfam has been here providing detailed legal analysis to help States, as well as pressuring States to make sure that:</p> <ul><li>Consensus does not mean that every country has veto power</li> <li>NGOs are allowed in the room to provide support and advise to States and reflect the voices of those most affected by the arms trade</li> <li>The Chair’s papers become the basis of negotiations</li> </ul><p><strong>Today (17 Feb) is the last day of this meeting and we’re expecting some fights. You can follow the discussions inside the UN on Twitter on the hashtag <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/search/%23armstreaty" rel="nofollow">#armstreaty</a>.</strong></p> <p>We’ll be pushing to the last minute to ensure the best possible outcome. But the real work starts when this week is over. Then we’ll have 4 months to mobilize people around the world to remind politicians why they started this process in the first place. Over 2000 people still die every day due to armed violence. Arms still end up in the wrong hands. Our leaders need to feel that it would not just be embarrassing, but a missed opportunity to make history, if they don’t agree a bulletproof treaty in July.</p> <p>That’s where you come in. <strong><a href="http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php%20http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php%20http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php%20http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php%20http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php%20http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php%20http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php%20http://speakout.controlarms.org/speakout/index.php%20" target="_blank" title="Speak out! Control Arms" rel="nofollow">Join the campaign</a></strong>. Join the<strong> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/ControlArms" rel="nofollow">Control Arms Facebook group</a></strong> and get ready to help organize actions in your country. The final sprint is about to start!</p> <p></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms/why-we-need-global-arms-trade-treaty" target="_blank" title=" Questions &amp; Answers (Oxfam)" rel="nofollow"><strong>Why we need an Arms Trade Treaty: Questions &amp; Answers</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/users/kate-hughes/feed" title=" Kate Hughes"><strong>Subscribe to Kate Hughes' blog updates via RSS</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Last bend before the homestretch for the Arms Trade Treaty</h2></div> Fri, 17 Feb 2012 15:05:51 +0000 Kate Hughes 9757 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-02-17-last-bend-homestretch-armstreaty#comments Showing some love for the Arms Trade Treaty http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-02-14-showing-some-love-arms-trade-treaty <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Valentines Day at the <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/ATTPrepCom/" target="_blank" title="UN Arms Trade Treaty Preparatory Committee " rel="nofollow">Prep Com</a></strong> (the Arms Trade Treaty Preparatory Committee) – a perfect excuse to do some sort of campaigning activity at the UN.  Our message to the diplomats this morning as they entered the room was a very simple one:</p> <h3><strong>“Show some LOVE for the Arms Trade Treaty”</strong></h3> <p>At negotiations like these it is so easy to get caught up in the technical details around “rules of procedure” and things like “consensus decision making”, but for the day of love we wanted to remind the diplomats why they were there, namely to agree a robust treaty that will save lives.</p> <p>To help to get this Valentines message across we made Valentines cards that said:</p> <p></p> <p>On the back of these cards we wrote out the key things that the treaty would need to include in order to be bullet proof.</p> <h3>2012 must deliver an Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) that:</h3> <ol><li><strong>Stops the transfer of arms or ammunition </strong>where there is a substantial risk that they will be used: </li> </ol><ul><li>In serious violations of international human rights or humanitarian law</li> <li>To fuel armed violence, acts of genocide, crimes against humanity</li> <li>To facilitate terrorist attacks, gender-based violence, violent or organised crime</li> <li>To affect regional security, undermine socio-economic development or impair poverty reduction</li> </ul><li><strong>Holds governments accountable</strong> to international law and the UN charter</li> <li><strong>Includes all conventional arms</strong> including ammunition, all transfers and all transactions including technical assistance, training, transport, storage, finance and security</li> <li><strong>Is transparent, effective and internationally enforcable.</strong></li> <p>As well as the Valentines cards we had some Valentines stickers made (with the image at the top of this blog). It was fantastic to see diplomats and campaigners alike wearing these little Valentines stickers on their suit jackets. The Belgium Ambassador even stated in one of his addresses “We should show some love to all those who have shown their love for the ATT”. The German Ambassador also quoted our Valentines card in his address, saying that they wanted the treaty to be “bullet-proof”.</p> <p>740,000 people a year are killed by armed violence. That’s 2000 people a day or more than one person every minute. This deadly trade fuels poverty, conflict and human rights abuses. As we get closer and closer to finally having this treaty after more than 10 years of campaigning let's remember why this treaty so necessary and make sure the end result is fit for purpose.</p> <p></p> <p><em>For Live updates from the talks inside the UN please follow <strong><a href="http://www.twitter.com/controlarms" target="_blank" title="Follow @Controlarms on Twitter" rel="nofollow">@controlarms</a></strong> and <strong><a href="http://www.twitter.com/oxfam" target="_blank" title="Follow @Oxfam on Twitter" rel="nofollow">@Oxfam</a></strong> on Twitter. Follow Kate Hughes' journey in New York this week on this blog and <strong><a href="http://speakout.controlarms.org/" target="_blank" title=" Speak Out!" rel="nofollow">speak out now for a bullet-proof Arms Trade Treaty</a></strong>!</em></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/users/kate-hughes/feed" title=" Kate Hughes"><strong>Subscribe to Kate Hughes' blog updates via RSS</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms/why-we-need-global-arms-trade-treaty" target="_blank" title=" Questions &amp; Answers (Oxfam)" rel="nofollow"><strong>Arms Trade Treaty: Questions &amp; Answers </strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Showing some love for the Arms Trade Treaty</h2></div> Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 +0000 Kate Hughes 9756 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-02-14-showing-some-love-arms-trade-treaty#comments I have seen the harm that the misuse of arms has done http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-08-08-i-have-seen-harm-misuse-arms-has-done <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>In July, delegates from across the world met in New York to discuss the details of an arms trade treaty (ATT) – a future treaty that would regulate the trade in conventional arms.</em></p> <p><em>Ema Tagicakibau, a long time ATT campaigner from Fiji, on what the arms trade treaty means for her and why she travelled all the way to New York to advocate for the Pacific region.</em></p> <p><strong>Arms control is very critical in my personal life and professional career.</strong> I have seen the harm and destruction that the misuse of arms has done to my country Fiji, now into the fifth year of its third coup d’etat. When I was an MP back in 2000, the civilian coup led by George Speight happened. I was held at gunpoint with my colleagues and witnessed the attitude of the soldiers and boys carrying guns.</p> <p>So to me, it is both a personal and professional commitment to ensure that an effective and strong arms trade treaty takes account of the abuse of power and human rights violations by those legally entrusted to carry arms and respect for the rule of law.</p> <h3>What would an effective arms trade treaty mean for the Pacific region?</h3> <p>It would ensure uniformity of laws to ensure there are no loopholes that allow unscrupulous arms traders to manipulate or exploit gaps that currently exist. An effective ATT would create control mechanisms where they don’t exist, and strengthen existing ones. It would also create transparency and accountability in the regional arms trade and address humanitarian and human rights concerns.</p> <h3>What role must the Pacific play?</h3> <p>July’s negotiations have proven exciting for our region. Governments in the Pacific are getting more and more involved in the negotiations and have sent more experts from their capitals than ever before. This is in no small part thanks to the efforts of local civil society organizations and individuals that have worked for years to raise the profile of the small arms problem in the political arena. To ensure that this work translates into a meaningful treaty that makes a difference in our region, we must continue to work closely with our governments to ensure that this commitment to the arms trade treaty is sustained up to and beyond next year’s negotiating conference.</p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><strong>Øistein Thorsen: <a href="/en/blog/11-07-19-global-arms-trade-treaty-picks-speed" rel="nofollow">Global Arms Trade Treaty picks up speed</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Ben Murphy: <a href="/en/blog/11-02-28-how-can-arms-treaty-support-development" rel="nofollow">How can the Arms Treaty support development?</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="/campaigns/conflict/controlarms" rel="nofollow">Control Arms: Why we need a global Arms Trade Treaty</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>I have seen the harm that the misuse of arms has done</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-08-10-he-presenciado-el-dano-causado-por-el-mal-uso-de-las-armas" title="“He presenciado el daño causado por el mal uso de las armas”" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 08 Aug 2011 16:04:13 +0000 Ema Tagicakibau 9557 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-08-08-i-have-seen-harm-misuse-arms-has-done#comments Global Arms Trade Treaty picks up speed http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-07-19-global-arms-trade-treaty-picks-speed <div class="field field-name-body"><h3>Momentum builds up as key states, survivors, investors' group, and industry give full backing for global Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)</h3> <p>Diplomats at the United Nations' talks on the future Arms Trade Treaty made serious progress last week with a growing number of key countries bringing their support to the process. The week was also marked by pro-ATT statements from global investors' with over US$ 1.2 trillion in assets, an international group of armed violence survivors and representatives from the arms industry, all calling for a robust and internationally-binding treaty to be agreed in July 2012.</p> <p><strong>The Control Arms coalition is calling for a bullet-proof treaty</strong> that will prevent irresponsible arms transfers that fuel conflict, poverty and serious human rights abuses.</p> <p>Delegates from across the world met in New York for the last 2011 preparatory committee to discuss the details of a future treaty that would regulate the trade in conventional arms. There is currently no global agreement regulating the conventional arms and ammunition trade.</p> <p>A working document highlighting the key elements of a potential Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) was presented to the delegates on Thursday.</p> <p><strong>"The ground-work has been laid</strong> for a future arms trade treaty. Despite a number of important gaps in the latest documents and attempts by some to derail the talks, there was substantial progress," said Jeff Abramson, Coordinator of the Control Arms Secretariat.</p> <p>"Diplomats need to go back to capitals, refine their positions and come back in 2012 with a clear commitment to make the treaty effective. In particular, in order to put a spotlight on the dark world of arms trade, ensuring that States open their books on all their arms transfers will be crucial."</p> <p>Over 100 civil society representatives from all regions of the world participated in this week's meetings as part of the Control Arms coalition. The Coalition calls on States to deliver a treaty that actually reduces the harmful impacts of the unregulated arms trade on people.</p> <p>As a lawyer and survivor of armed violence, Suela Lala of Albania told delegates: "We're committed to making this treaty work. We need states to commit as well. This Treaty must be more powerful than the force of weapons. It must be more robust than the pressure of politics and more beneficial than the incentive of profits."</p> <p>The Control Arms coalition welcomed the backing of key countries affected by armed violence including from Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa and the Pacific region. During the meeting, the five Permanent Member States of the Security Council (United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France and China) who collectively account for 88% of the global arms trade, also made a joint statement committing their collective support to the process. This is the first such collective statement in the ATT process from the world's biggest arms exporters.</p> <p><em><a href="http://www.controlarms.org/" rel="nofollow"><strong>Control Arms</strong></a> is a global civil society alliance campaigning for a "bulletproof" Arms Trade Treaty that will protect lives and livelihoods. A "bulletproof" Arms Trade Treaty means an international legally-binding agreement that will stop transfers of arms and ammunitions that fuel conflict, poverty and serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law.</em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Global Arms Trade Treaty picks up speed</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-07-22-un-nouvel-elan-pour-le-traite-international-sur-le-commerce-des-armes" title="Un nouvel élan pour le Traité international sur le commerce des armes" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Tue, 19 Jul 2011 12:35:13 +0000 Øistein Thorsen 9540 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-07-19-global-arms-trade-treaty-picks-speed#comments