Oxfam International Blogs - youth http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/youth en Africa: Rising for the few http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-06-02-africa-rising-few <div class="field field-name-body"><p>When I go to the <a href="http://www.weforum.org/events/world-economic-forum-africa-2015">World Economic Forum Africa</a> this week I will, of course, be there as the Executive Director of <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/">Oxfam International</a>. While on a deeper level, I will be there as a woman proud of the continent she comes from – a continent on the rise.</p> <p>The impressive recent growth rate of many African countries, how this growth can be supported through continuing improved regulation and macroeconomic stability, and how this can be broadened, will be the theme of many discussions that I am looking forward to taking part in. With this focus in mind, a fact I am struck by is that Africa’s working-age population is expected to double to 1 billion in the next 25 years. These young people are better educated than ever and, if given the right environment, they are by far Africa’s greatest asset.</p> <p>The challenge for African economies is therefore to design and pursue growth strategies that will create good jobs and incomes for all our young people. We have the resources to do this, if we can ensure that the wealth created from our natural resources – and the growing productive activity of multinational corporations in the continent – is kept in Africa, is delivering revenues for national governments, and is invested in skills and job creation.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr" xml:lang="en">At <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/WEFAfrica15?src=hash">#WEFAfrica15</a>, I will be talking about ending corporate tax dodging that exploits gaping tax loopholes, to help all Africans rise up</p> <p>— Winnie Byanyima (@Winnie_Byanyima) <a href="https://twitter.com/Winnie_Byanyima/status/605119937649197056">May 31, 2015</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>I can, however, see two major threats to this optimistic image:</p> <p><strong>We must recognise that the inequality crisis has taken root in Africa</strong> as it has done around the world, for a start. Six African countries are among the top 10 most unequal in the world. Close ties between Africa’s economic and political elites mean that too much of Africa’s growth fails to reach its poorest people. The consequence of this: poverty will continue to blight the continent. It also will be increasingly apparent to our younger generation that the jobs, opportunities and investments, which should be their birth right, are denied to them.</p> <p><strong>Secondly, Africa is still losing out in a global financing system</strong> that ensures the continent is a “net creditor” to the rest of the world. We need to get away from our assumption that corruption or criminal activity is what is sucking the most money from Africa. Equally – or maybe more – troubling are the tax dodging tricks used by multinational companies. Oxfam has found that <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/world_economic_forum_wef.africa_rising_for_the_few.pdf">Africa was cheated out of US$11 billion in 2010</a> through just one of the tricks used by multinational companies to reduce tax bills. This is equivalent to more than six times the amount of cash needed to plug the universal primary healthcare funding gap in the Ebola affected countries of Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Guinea Bissau.</p> <p>Add to this the full range of tax avoidance tricks and other illicit financial flows, tax incentives, and debt repayments and it’s clear that unless we tackle such issues, it is the rich world that is gaining the most from Africa’s progress.</p> <p>This meeting in Cape Town comes as an opportunity for leaders to put these issues firmly on the table is just weeks away, at the pivotal Financing for Development Conference in Addis Ababa. During this moment, Oxfam believes:</p> <ul><li><strong>African leaders have a responsibility to raise and spend resources to tackle inequality</strong> and create opportunities for our young people. This means a focus on raising more tax through improving tax administration but making sure that they tax progressively. It means fighting corruption, and it means focusing spending on those areas that deliver social mobility: on health and on education.</li> <li><strong>African leaders’ ability to do this depends on international efforts to reform the global tax system</strong>. A strong outcome from Addis should be the creation of an intergovernmental tax body that includes all countries as equal members. With the right resources and mandate, such a body could be the vehicle we need to finally tackle tax evasion and avoidance, harmful tax competition, and to ensure tax cooperation between governments.</li> </ul><p>Today, elites gathered at meetings such as <a href="http://www.weforum.org/events/world-economic-forum-africa-2015">The World Economic Forum on Africa 2015</a> talk about “Africa rising” and the increased investment into the continent. Twenty-five years from now my hope is that we can talk about Africans rising, an increased investment and opportunities for ordinary African people.</p> <p>But this hope will be groundless unless we can stop wealth flowing out of the continent as fast as it arrives. Addis is an opportunity to stop this, and I urge African leaders to do all they can to take it.</p> <p></p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr" xml:lang="en">If we <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/MakeTaxFair?src=hash">#MakeTaxFair</a> Ebola-hit countries could have more money to spend on healthcare: <a href="http://t.co/6w5SVzT6E4">http://t.co/6w5SVzT6E4</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/EvenItUp?src=hash">#EvenItUp</a> <a href="http://t.co/K3kODezL5R">pic.twitter.com/K3kODezL5R</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/605658624808128512">June 2, 2015</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p><em>The World Economic Forum on Africa 2015 takes place in Cape Town, South Africa from 3-5 June.</em></p> <p><em>This entry posted by Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director, Oxfam International, 2 June 2015. Originally published by the <a href="https://agenda.weforum.org/2015/06/how-to-make-africa-work-for-the-many-not-just-the-few/">World Economic Forum</a>.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Beatrice Quayee holds rice ready for transplanting, River Gee county, Liberia. Credit: Kieran Doherty/Oxfam</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><strong><a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/world-tax-summit">Tell leaders to #MakeTaxFair to help fund health services in Ebola-stricken countries</a></strong></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-01-23-why-oxfam-calling-world-tax-summit">Why Oxfam is calling for a World Tax Summit</a></strong></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Africa: Rising for the few</h2></div> Tue, 02 Jun 2015 16:37:51 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 26980 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-06-02-africa-rising-few#comments Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-02-16-rural-transformation-key-sustainable-development <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director of Oxfam International, delivers a lecture about the <a href="http://www.ifad.org/events/gc/38/oxfam.htm" rel="nofollow">future of aid</a> on 17 February 2015 at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (<a href="http://www.ifad.org/" rel="nofollow">IFAD</a>), the Rome-based United Nations rural development agency. Her appearance is part of the 38th session of the Governing Council, IFAD's annual meeting of Member States, which will highlight rural transformation as a key to sustainable development. Our friends at IFAD sent us this entry, to help set the context for Winnie Byanyima's lecture.</em></p> <p>Byanyima's theme is timely, because 2015 represents a juncture for development. The process of <a href="https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015" rel="nofollow">defining new Sustainable Development Goals</a> provides an opportunity to refocus policies, investments and partnerships for more inclusive, sustainable and people-centered development. Consultations on the post-2015 development agenda have already helped give shape to a shared vision: a world where extreme poverty has disappeared, everyone has access to adequate and nutritious food, decent jobs are available to all, and natural resources are preserved and restored.</p> <h3>Social and economic change</h3> <p>With that vision in mind, smallholder farmers have enormous potential to contribute to sustainable development and food security. Realizing this potential will require increasing productivity, as well as improving access of rural people to markets, finance, technology and information to build more diversified and resilient rural economies.</p> <p>Poverty has multiple dimensions that go beyond low levels of income, consumption and material assets. This is why IFAD targets its investments towards <strong>rural transformation</strong> – a sustainable and comprehensive level of change that is social as well as economic.</p> <p>In a world that continues to be beset by conflict and violence, the links between sustainable and equitable rural transformation and the building of peaceful communities and societies cannot be ignored. The same conditions that hamper rural transformation provide fertile ground for unrest and conflict. Addressing the adverse conditions that affect rural women and men will be central to building the peaceful and prosperous societies of tomorrow.</p> <p><strong>New commercial opportunities</strong> are arising for many smallholders as a result of higher food prices and the possibility of new partnerships between farmers’ organizations and private-sector entities. It will be important to leverage these opportunities in order to reverse a perceived disaffection among young people with agriculture as a profession, at a time when youth populations are at an all-time high in many developing countries. In particular, the organization of farmers has the potential to overcome traditional constraints in accessing productive assets, technology, finance, training and markets.</p> <h3>Diversified incomes, new opportunities</h3> <p>As the demand for rural goods and services continues to grow and opportunities continue to expand, rural people can enhance and diversify their incomes – provided that the right policies and investments are in place. Wider diversity of economic activities, as well as the use of modern technologies and innovations in production processes, are key features of rural transformation. So too is expanded access to commercial opportunities in modern supply chains.</p> <p>Public institutions, along with development organizations such as IFAD, must play a leading role in increasing sustainability, innovation and scaling up of best practices. The following entry points will be critical:</p> <ul><li><strong>Key public goods that increase connectivity</strong> between rural and urban areas, enabling rural people to expand their productivity and access to markets;</li> <li><strong>Inclusive and fair tenure systems</strong> that facilitate access to land, water, forests and other productive assets, supported by targeted programs that promote women’s access to these assets and raise women’s awareness of their legal rights;</li> <li><strong>Opportunities for young people </strong>to engage in productive activities and increase their assets as a means of enhancing their livelihood options; and,</li> <li><strong>Access to risk management mechanisms</strong>, inclusive social protection systems, and quality public education and health systems for rural communities.</li> </ul><p>Clearly, greater investment will be essential to achieving these goals, but so will greater commitment, improved governance linked to decentralization and inclusive institutions, better coordination and a people-centered approach that involves rural people themselves in all phases of development. Effecting sustainable and inclusive rural transformation, as opposed to just dispensing aid, is as ambitious as it is necessary.</p> <p><em>Watch Winnie Byanyima's lecture live via webcast, Tuesday 17 February, 09.00 am CET: <strong><a href="http://webcasting.ifad.org/gc2015" rel="nofollow">http://webcasting.ifad.org/gc2015</a></strong> - send your questions via Twitter using <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23IFADgc&amp;src=typd" rel="nofollow">#IFADgc</a>.</strong></em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-02-03-why-ending-poverty-india-means-tackling-rural-poverty-and-power"><strong>Why ending poverty in India means tackling rural poverty and power</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-02-03-why-ending-poverty-india-means-tackling-rural-poverty-and-power"><strong>How can we feed 9 billion people and still preserve the environment?</strong></a></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-15-end-unfccc-cop20-peru-what-will-it-take-governments-act"><strong>Join Oxfam's campaign to help we all have enough to eat, always.</strong></a></p> <p><img alt="Rural transformation is smallholders farming sustainably. Image: IFAD" title="Rural transformation is smallholders farming sustainably. Image: IFAD" height="560" width="750" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/rural09.png" /></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development</h2></div> Mon, 16 Feb 2015 03:19:36 +0000 Guest Blogger 25336 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-02-16-rural-transformation-key-sustainable-development#comments Comment des réfugiés sud-soudanais font du foot un instrument de paix, au-delà des clivages http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10706 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Tandis que la Coupe du monde bat son plein au Brésil, une compétition d’un autre genre a lieu dans le nord de l’Ouganda. Dans les districts d’Arua et d’Adjumani, de jeunes réfugiés sud-soudanais ont formé des équipes de football afin de jouer pour la paix.</strong></p> <p>« Jamais je ne me serais attendu à en arriver là. Bor, l’école et mes amis me manquent », témoigne Manyangson Ngong, le capitaine de l’équipe Lucky Start du camp d’Ayilo. Le conflit qui a poussé tant de personnes à fuir pour sauver leur vie a aussi coupé court à ses études, à Bor.</p> <h3>Briser le cycle de la violence</h3> <p>Manyangson n’est pas le seul jeune à s’efforcer de faire face à la situation. Sur <strong>les plus de 110 000 réfugiés sud-soudanais arrivés en Ouganda depuis décembre 2013, 65 % ont moins de 18 ans</strong>. Sans école, les jeunes se retrouvent désœuvrés et finissent souvent par se battre. Ce tournoi de football, né à l’initiative des réfugiés, vise à briser ce cycle.</p> <p>« Quelques-uns d’entre nous ont commencé à taper dans un ballon qu’ils avaient fabriqué de bric et de broc dans les campements, puis nombre de jeunes ont manifesté leur désir de se joindre à nous et, tout d’un coup, nous sommes devenus nombreux. Nous avons alors décidé de demander un espace où créer un terrain de foot. Le foot nous occupe et nous permet de ne plus penser à notre douleur et à la mauvaise passe dans laquelle nous nous trouvons, explique Manyangson.</p> <h3>Des équipes ouvertes à tous</h3> <p>« Beaucoup d’autres équipes se sont formées. Nous sommes tous de tribus différentes, y compris la communauté d’accueil [ougandaise]. »</p> <p>La grande difficulté, selon Manyangson, est de permettre à tout le monde de jouer, car ils n’ont pas assez de ballons ni de maillots pour distinguer les membres des différentes équipes.</p> <p>« C’est gênant d’empêcher quelqu’un de se joindre à une équipe. Nous avons essayé de diviser les équipes pour assurer que <strong>tout le monde a une chance de jouer</strong>. Les ballons que nous avons récemment reçus d’Acord [partenaire d’Oxfam] nous permettent de le faire.</p> <p>« Avec plus de soutien, j’espère que nous pourrons renforcer les équipes et commencer à faire des matchs amicaux avec d’autres réfugiés dans les districts. Qui sait ? Je pourrais retrouver quelques vieux amis dans les autres équipes »</p> <h3>Des comités de réfugiés pour la paix et la réconciliation</h3> <p>Oxfam et ses deux partenaires, Community Empowerment for Rural Development (Ceford) et Agency for Cooperation and Research in Development (Acord), mènent <strong>un travail de protection et de consolidation de la paix dans les camps</strong>. Outre les activités récréatives avec la distribution de ballons de football, Oxfam aide à la formation et au renforcement de comités de paix constitués de réfugié-e-s et de membres des communautés d’accueil, afin d’entreprendre un plaidoyer à l’échelle nationale, régionale et internationale pour promouvoir la réconciliation et la paix.</p> <p>À partir du mois de juin, Oxfam et ses partenaires locaux, dont la Croix-Rouge ougandaise,<strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/emergencies/crise-sud-soudan" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> ont apporté leur aide à plus de 38 000 réfugié-e-s sud-soudanais-e-s et aux communautés d’accueil</a></strong> dans les districts d’Arua et d’Adjumani. Nous assurons l’accès à l’eau potable à plus de 31 000 personnes, tout en améliorant les équipements d’assainissement et en promouvant une bonne hygiène pour prévenir les épidémies, telles que le choléra. Oxfam et ses partenaires Ceford et Acord distribuent des fourneaux consommant peu, des outils agricoles, des plants de légumes, et fournissent aussi des emplois de courte durée pour aider hommes et femmes à restaurer leurs moyens de subsistance. Les organisations ont également procédé à une analyse sexospécifique des besoins de protection, avant de concevoir et de mettre en œuvre des activités visant à réduire la vulnérabilité et les violences fondées sur le genre parmi les réfugiés et au sein des communautés d’accueil.</p> <h3>En savoir plus</h3> <p><strong>Participez à la campagne <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/silencetheguns" rel="nofollow">#SilenceTheGuns</a> avec <a href="http://africansact4africa.com/fr/accueil/" rel="nofollow">Africans Act 4 Africa</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Découvrez les <a href="https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.657429914346476.1073741825.138966929526113&amp;type=1" rel="nofollow">photos des matchs de football organisés au Nigeria, en Somalie et au Soudan du Sud</a> par Africans Act 4 Africa</strong></p> <p><strong>Soutenez notre <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/emergencies/crise-sud-soudan" rel="nofollow">action humanitaire au Soudan du Sud</a> et auprès des réfugiés sud-soudanais</strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Comment des réfugiés sud-soudanais font du foot un instrument de paix, au-delà des clivages</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-23-world-cup-south-sudan-refugees-football-peace" title="Football for peace: World Cup fever helps bridge barriers for South Sudanese refugees" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-06-26-futbol-por-la-paz-la-fiebre-del-mundial-rompe-barreras-en-uganda" title="Fútbol por la paz: la fiebre del Mundial rompe barreras en Uganda" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:54:45 +0000 Dorah Ntunga 10706 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10706#comments Football for peace: World Cup fever helps bridge barriers for South Sudanese refugees http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-23-world-cup-south-sudan-refugees-football-peace <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>As countries from all over compete for the World Cup title in Brazil, a different kind of tournament is taking place in northern Uganda. </strong>There, in the districts of Arua and Adjumani, young South Sudanese refugees have formed football teams to play for peace.</p> <p>“I never expected to end up in such a situation. I miss Bor, school and my friends,” says 18-year-old Manyangson Ngong, the captain of the Lucky Start team from Ayilo settlement. His studies in Bor were cut short at the start of the conflict that has left many fleeing for safety.</p> <h3>Breaking the cycle</h3> <p>Manyangson is not the only young person trying to cope. Of the more than 110,000 refugees that have arrived in Uganda since December 2013, 65 percent are under 18. With no schools for them to attend, the youths have been left idle, often engaging in fights. <strong>The soccer tournament is a refugee-initiated attempt to break that cycle.</strong></p> <p>“A few of us started by kicking a handmade ball within the settlements, many youths showed interest to join us and before we knew it, the numbers had grown. We then decided to ask for space where we created a football pitch. With football, we are kept busy not to think over the bad situation and pain,” Manyangson says.</p> <p><strong>“Many other teams have been created. We are all from different tribes including the host [Ugandan] community!”</strong></p> <h3>Becoming friends<strong></strong></h3> <p>The biggest challenge, according to Manyangson, is allowing everyone to play since, there are not enough balls or uniforms to differentiate who is on which team.</p> <p>“It feels bad stopping someone from joining the teams when they want to. We have tried to divide the teams to ensure everyone has a chance to play. The balls we recently received from [Oxfam partner] ACORD are assisting in making this possible.”</p> <p>“With more support, hopefully we can grow stronger and start playing friendly matches with other refugees and teams within the districts. Who knows? I might meet some of my old friends among the teams!"</p> <h3>Building peace</h3> <p>Oxfam and partners Community Empowerment for Rural Development (CEFORD) and Agency for Cooperation and Research in Development (ACORD) are engaged in protection and peace building work in the settlements. Besides providing for recreational activities like distributing footballs, Oxfam is supporting the formation and strengthening of peace committees made up of refugee and host communities to engage in national, regional and international advocacy to encourage peace building and reconciliation.</p> <p>As of June, <strong>Oxfam and local partners including Uganda Red cross have <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/southsudan" rel="nofollow">supported over 38,198 South Sudanese refugees</a> </strong>and the communities hosting them in Arua and Adjumani districts. </p> <p>We are providing clean water to over 31,000 people, improving sanitation facilities and promoting good hygiene to prevent disease outbreaks like cholera. Oxfam and its partners CEFORD and ACORD are distributing energy saving stoves, farming tools, vegetable seedlings and providing short term jobs to help people rebuild their livelihoods.</p> <p>Oxfam and partners have also carried out analysis of the protection needs for each gender, and have designed and implemented activities that reduce vulnerability and prevent gender based violence among refugees and host communities. </p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>See more <a href="https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.657429914346476.1073741825.138966929526113&amp;type=1" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">photos from football matches around Somalia via Africans Act 4 Africa</a>.</strong></p> <p><strong>Watch Oxfam's short film: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/video/2014/south-sudan-other-side-war" rel="nofollow">South Sudan: From the Other Side of the War</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Please <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/southsudan" rel="nofollow">support Oxfam's humanitarian work</a> in the South Sudan crisis</strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Football for peace: World Cup fever helps bridge barriers for South Sudanese refugees</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-06-25-coupe-monde-refugies-sud-soudanais-foot-paix-clivages" title="Comment des réfugiés sud-soudanais font du foot un instrument de paix, au-delà des clivages" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-06-26-futbol-por-la-paz-la-fiebre-del-mundial-rompe-barreras-en-uganda" title="Fútbol por la paz: la fiebre del Mundial rompe barreras en Uganda" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 23 Jun 2014 15:38:42 +0000 Dorah Ntunga 10704 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-23-world-cup-south-sudan-refugees-football-peace#comments 12th World Social Forum takes place in Tunis on the theme of dignity http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-03-27-12th-world-social-forum-takes-place-tunis-theme-dignity <div class="field field-name-body"><h3>From 26th to 30th March, international civil society is meeting in Tunis for the 12th World Social Forum.</h3> <p>Two years since the Tunisian revolution, several Oxfam affiliates and our partners have mobilized for this WSF 2013 based on the theme of "dignity". On the program are exchanges of experience, democratic debate and agreement on the assertion that "another world is possible."</p> <h3>Background to the World Social Forum process</h3> <p>Civil societies from the southern hemisphere come together at the World Social Forum (WSF) to make their alternative voices heard at the time of the World Economic Forum in Davos. The first WSF was held in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in 2001.</p> <p>Since its inception, it has provided a space for people to challenge the liberal economic order, along the lines of protests against the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Seattle, in 1999, and the G8 in Genoa, in 2002. The annual or biannual event provides a forum for meetings, discussions and debates in which concrete alternative solutions are formulated for fair, inclusive and sustainable development.</p> <h3>Mobilization of international civil society</h3> <p>Over 4,500 organizations have so far registered to take part in the activities of the WSF, in addition to the 30,000 delegates from 127 countries in all five continents. The WSF is taking place over five days and includes 1,000 workshops, 70 musical performances, 100 films and 50 exhibitions. European mobilization is strong for this forum, with the French and Italian delegations being the largest.</p> <p>The WSF allows a large number of stakeholders to come together (non-governmental organizations, associations, trade unions, farmer movements, academics...) and get involved in building a "global civil society."</p> <h3>Oxfam affiliates and partners mobilized</h3> <p>Oxfam Australia (<strong><a href="http://oiyp.oxfam.org.au/action-partners/world-social-forum-2013/" target="_blank" title="Oxfam International Youth Partnerships - World Social Forum 2013" rel="nofollow">OIYP</a></strong>), Oxfam-in-Belgium (Oxfam-Magasins du monde and <strong><a href="http://www.oxfammagasinsdumonde.be/2013/03/oxfam-en-action-au-forum-social-mondial-a-tunis/" target="_blank" title="Oxfam-en-Action au Forum social mondial à Tunis - site d'Oxfam-Magasin du monde" rel="nofollow">Oxfam-en-Action</a></strong>), <strong><a href="http://www.oxfamfrance.org/Oxfam-France-a-Tunis-pour-le-12eme,1635" target="_blank" title="Oxfam France à Tunis pour le 12e FSM" rel="nofollow">Oxfam France</a></strong> and <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org.uk/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Oxfam Great Britain</a></strong> and many of their partners are all attending this 12th World Social Forum. </p> <h3>Follow the Oxfam team at the <a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23wsf2013" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">#WSF2013</a> in Tunis:</h3> <ul><li>Alhassan Adam (Campaign Manager - Essential Services, Oxfam Great Britain): <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/@spahassan" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@spahassan</a></strong></li> <li>Charlotte Soulary (Health Advocacy Officer, Oxfam France): <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/lotcharlot" target="_blank" title="Compte Twitter de Charlotte Soulary" rel="nofollow">@lotcharlot</a></strong></li> <li>Lucille Thiébot (Campaign &amp; Public Mobilization Officer, Oxfam France): <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/thiebotlucille" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@thiebotlucille</a></strong></li> <li>Oxfam International Youth Partnerships (Oxfam Australia): <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/OIYP" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@OIYP</a> </strong>&amp; on <strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/pages/OIYP/139362096458" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Facebook</a></strong></li> <li>Oxfam-Magasins du Monde (Belgium): <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/oxfam_mdm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@Oxfam_mdm</a></strong></li> </ul><h3>Related links</h3> <p><strong>World Social Forum 2013 wesbite: <a href="http://www.fsm2013.org/en" target="_blank" title="World Social Forum 2013 - Tunis" rel="nofollow">www.fsm2013.org</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Blog: <a href="https://www.oxfam.org.au/2013/03/youth-the-economy-of-sex-dismantling-patriarchy-in-tunis/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Youth, the economy of sex &amp; dismantling patriarchy in Tunis</a></strong></p> <p><strong>News website on the #WSF2013: </strong><strong><a href="http://panos-multimedia.org/fsm2013/" target="_blank" title="Flamme d'Afrique - FSM 2013" rel="nofollow">Flamme d’Afrique</a></strong> (in English, French &amp; Arabic)<a href="http://panos-multimedia.org/fsm2013/" target="_blank" title="Flamme d'Afrique - FSM 2013" rel="nofollow"> </a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>12th World Social Forum takes place in Tunis on the theme of dignity</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-03-26-12%C2%BA-foro-social-mundial-tunez-defensa-dignidad" title="12º Foro Social Mundial en Túnez en defensa de la dignidad" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-03-26-12e-forum-social-mondial-tunis-sous-signe-dignite" title="Le 12e Forum social mondial à Tunis sous le signe de la dignité" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 27 Mar 2013 10:33:41 +0000 Charlotte Soulary 10260 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-03-27-12th-world-social-forum-takes-place-tunis-theme-dignity#comments Day 5: My daughter wants to be a farmer http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-12-14-day-5-help-my-daughter-wants-be-farmer <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em><strong>Many and varied are the challenges we Nigerian women farmers face, from lack of land to uncertain markets to the daily burden of maintaining the household. Working as day labourers brings its own uncertainties. No wonder a future in agriculture is unattractive to Nigerian youth.</strong></em></p> <p>By Susan Godwin, Nigerian Farmer</p> <p>When I think of the future of agriculture, I have to say that the youth here in Nigeria do not want to be farmers. They see it is very difficult. They see how hard we work and how little we have, nothing. I have five children. One of them works in the city and the rest live with me. I have a daughter who is 18. She did not go to school and she wants to stay and be a farmer. Now, everything we do is done manually. Maybe modernization would make it more attractive to them. </p> <p>The lack of markets is also a problem. In 2011, we heard that there was a good market for yams in Lagos, so we hired a lorry to carry the yams there. However, once they arrived, they were not off-loaded for three months. By that time, they had spoiled and the money we earned from selling them did not even cover the cost of the transportation!</p> <h3><em>“We have to hire the land from the men farmers.”</em></h3> <p>Here, women farmers have lots of challenges. We lack access to land, and the men want to collect the money we get from farming. We have to hire the land from the men farmers. I am married and I have to rent land for myself and for my daughter. Other time they will say you will go to bed hungry and you will go to bed without eating. </p> <p>Men also want women to work on their farms, and take advantage of women when they hire them. Only on those days will they give women something to eat. </p> <p>Women farmers should be given land so that we can farm. Maybe the government will make a decree to give us access to land. We, the women, have to come together to have a common goal, and then we can go to the government and tell them that this is our problem. </p> <h3><em>“With more access to land, we could rotate crops and get higher yields.”</em></h3> <p>With more access to land, we could rotate crops and get higher yields. The land women get to farm is usually degraded. Men don’t think about the fact that women are farming in order to feed and educate their children, because the men in their households have not done that. There is no access to credit for women. You have to invest out of your own money. </p> <p>For women, we have to wake up early, cook breakfast, go to the farm and work there, then gather wood on our way back from the field, and then come home to prepare the family dinner. Men go to their fields and then they come back and they have a rest. They even go out. As for the women, we don’t have time. We are exhausted. But we still have to farm. You can’t think about that. </p> <p>What I like about farming is that you control your own schedule. If you want to go to the field and work, then you can. But if you are tired, you can stay home for a day to rest.</p> <h3><em>“I get no support from the government extension system.”</em></h3> <p>I want the Nigerian government to help the small-scale farmer, to have access to new methods of farming, even if we have to pay for it. Also give them access to loans. As a farmer, I get no support from the government extension system. And when they come, we can’t even understand what they are trying to teach us because they speak a different language. In the future, if government extension agents could speak local languages, that would improve the situation. </p> <h3><em>“If one day, there was no food in the markets, then people would realize farmers are also contributing to the well-being of the country.”</em></h3> <p>Having education would help my daughter to live better and have more interest in what she’s doing. If she could learn about new farming techniques then that would help her be a good farmer. </p> <p>At times, it seems the things that we are doing are not appreciated. So I think to myself, let all of us farmers move to the cities. If one day, there was no food in the supermarkets and in the local markets, then people would finally realize that farmers are also contributing to the well-being of the country. When our children all go to the cities and buy food in the supermarkets, I will still be farming my piece of land. I will not stop farming because that is where my income is. Everything is there. </p> <p>Download: <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/my-daughter-wants-to-be-a-farmer-godwin-dec2012.pdf" target="_blank">My daughter wants to be a farmer</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Day 5: My daughter wants to be a farmer</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/12-12-14-dia-5-mi-hija-quiere-ser-agricultora" title="Día 5: Mi hija quiere ser agricultora" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/12-12-14-jour-5-ma-fille-veut-devenir-agricultrice" title="Jour 5: Ma fille veut devenir agricultrice " class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Thu, 13 Dec 2012 23:00:20 +0000 Susan Godwin 10144 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-12-14-day-5-help-my-daughter-wants-be-farmer#comments Peace through youth sports in Somalia http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-10-01-peace-through-youth-sports-somalia <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Hawa Aden Mohamed, the founder and director of an Oxfam's partner organization in Somalia, the Galkayo Education Center, which this blog post - <a href="http://www.oxfamblogs.org/eastafrica/?p=4747" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>initially pubslihed in August 2012</strong> </a>- is about, has won the <strong><a href="http://www.unhcr.org/nansen/50374ba26.html" target="_blank" title="Nansen Award 2012 winner - Hawa Aden Mohamed" rel="nofollow">UNHCR's Nansen Refugee Award</a></strong> "for her exceptional, tireless and inspiring humanitarian work for Somalia’s refugee and displaced girls and women." </em>Her great work will be celebrated today during <em>t</em>he 2012 Nansen Refugee Award ceremony, in Geneva, Switzerland.</p> <p><strong>While the outside world has tended to view Somalia solely as a land of conflict, Somalis have long enjoyed sports, not only as spectators, but also as participants. </strong></p> <p>In a place that still endures crises, in some areas of the country sports can be a positive outlet for youth who are at-risk from conflict. The central town of Galkayo is one such place. Since 2010, Oxfam has been  supporting youth sports in Galkayo through the establishment of a youth center, complete with sports facilities. Having the opportunity to play sports is not common in this part of Somalia.</p> <p><strong>“I’ve talked to young men and young women there, for them it’s an opportunity to display their skills,</strong>” said Zam Zam Billow, Humanitarian Program Officer for Oxfam. “Not many people in Somalia get this opportunity. It’s an environment where they can interact with other youth. When they’re idle, they could be open to negative influences. This was a way to occupy them; it helps as peace building for the youth. They learn from each other, get to know each other. It’s a way of unifying them.”</p> <h3>An Oxfam's partner since 2000</h3> A football match, at the Galkayo Education Center. <p><strong>In the insecure environment of Somalia, the youth and sports programs have many benefits</strong>, such as keeping young men from becoming child soldiers. The sports activities promote peace building through positive interaction between youth from the different communities in Galkayo.</p> <p>The youth center and sports programs were implemented through a partnership with the Galkayo Education Centre for Peace and Development. Also known as the GECPD, the organization has been an Oxfam partner since 2000.</p> <p><strong>“There is an average of 300 youth in sports activities per month,”</strong> said <strong><a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2012/sep/18/somali-woman-wins-refugee-award" target="_blank" title=" Hawa Aden Mohamed wins Nansen Refugee Award for her work in educating women and girls in Somalia" rel="nofollow">Hawa Aden, Executive Director of GECPD</a></strong>. “The facility provides them with shoes and athletic clothes, which motivates them to play.”</p> <p>“There was no facility for young people to meet outside of the classroom,” adds Joyce Muchena, Oxfam Programme Officer. “They came up with the idea for a youth center. What is exciting about it is that GECPD came up with the land through local donors. So it was about putting up the basic infrastructure; the buildings, the sports pitches, and the wash rooms.”</p> <p><strong>Built with the support of the local community,</strong> The Galkayo youth resource center has a football pitch with seating for 800 spectators, a volleyball court, and a basketball court. The main building has toilets and wash rooms, offices, a library, a counseling room, a first aid room, and a conference and social hall, which is also used for table tennis.</p> <h3>A common denominator</h3> Youth play football in Galkayo. <p><strong>“The aim of the youth center, is towards encouraging peaceful co-existence</strong> among young people, using sports as the common denominator among them,” said Muchena. “Sports are an easy way of reaching young people. For a basketball team, it doesn’t matter where the players come from, youth will gravitate there for love of the sport.”</p> <p>“These kids, when they do these sports activities, they come together,” said Zam Zam Billow “The population needs to see sports as a way of unifying the community, not just for fun.”</p> <p><strong>There were difficulties. Due to ongoing conflict</strong>, this hadn’t been done before in Galkayo. “It was a challenge to find coaches, as most sports experts had fled the country,” said Muchena.</p> <h3>Sports for girls</h3> <p><strong>Another challenge was to include sports for girls, as Somalia is a conservative culture</strong> where girls sports are generally not common. In keeping with local traditions, the girls’ sports activities are conducted separately from those of the boys.</p> <p>“It’s more girl oriented that way,” said Billow. “For many girls, it gives them the opportunity to experience sports for the first time. They have a pitch for basketball; it’s more enclosed, so the girls feel safer. It’s in line with the cultural beliefs of Somalis, so they can play matches out of sight of the public.”</p> <p>Hawa Aden agrees. “Girls like the program, because it gives them the privacy they require to participate in sports.”</p> <p><strong>For the young women at the center, just participating in a sport can benefit their self-esteem.</strong> “Before, the girls have only seen sports on TV,” said Billow. “When they play themselves, they feel like they can be like their role models, when they are playing it for the first time.”</p> <p><strong>Now that the youth center is established,</strong> they have been able to bring in nationally known sports figures to lead training sessions. “They have had the opportunity to learn from, and be mentored by renowned names in sports, such as the National Team Coach Abdifarah Gelle, and former National Team Striker Mohamed Hajji,” said Hawa. “They have conducted training for the youth at the center.” Some of the events were even attended by the Sports Minister for Puntland.</p> <p>Although the Somali national team has not won a medal at the Olympics this year, Galkayo’s youth have still found other inspiration.</p> <h3>Inspired by the success of Mo Farah</h3> <p><strong>“They would like to engage in athletics,”</strong> said Hawa Aden. “They are inspired by the success of <strong><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mo_Farah" target="_blank" title="Wikipedia - Mo Farah" rel="nofollow">Mo Farah</a></strong>, the Somali immigrant who has won gold for the UK in the ongoing Olympics.”</p> <p>Another important visit to the youth center, was made by a delegation from the Somali National Olympic Committee. Who knows? Someday, maybe an athlete from Galkayo will represent Somalia on the grand Olympic stage.</p> <p><strong>Other Oxfam support for GECPD in Galkayo, has included scholarships for girls</strong> to attend their all girls school and support for displaced families. Funding was also provided from the Oxfam Novib Innovation Fund for gender, HIV/AIDS and Gender Based Violence awareness-raising through education institutions.</p> <h3>Related links</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/somalia-conflict" rel="nofollow"></a><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/somalia-conflict" rel="nofollow">Food crisis and conflict in Somalia</a></strong></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/somalia" rel="nofollow"></a><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/somalia" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's work in Somalia</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Peace through youth sports in Somalia</h2></div> Mon, 01 Oct 2012 10:19:07 +0000 Geno Teofilo 9966 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-10-01-peace-through-youth-sports-somalia#comments “Act now on climate change” – youth spell it out to Commonwealth leaders http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-11-04-act-now-climate-change-youth-spell-it-out-commonwealth-leaders <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>“Act now to avoid the worst impacts of climate change” was the message to more than fifty world leaders gathered in Perth, Australia for the <a href="http://www.thecommonwealth.org/subhomepage/33247/" rel="nofollow">Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting</a> (CHOGM) from October 28 – 30th.</strong></p> <p>On the second day of the meeting hundreds of  to read out a <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/open-letter-youth-commonwealth-leaders-oct2011.pdf"><strong>joint letter</strong></a> to Commonwealth leaders:</p> <p>“Climate change impacts have already begun to threaten our nations. We value our families, our communities and our cultures, so we value a safe climate future; and for the half of us under 25, we will be living in the world that your actions create for us today.”</p> <p></p> <p>The letter also shared stories from people who are on the frontline of climate change, including Tarateiti Uriam Timiti, a 20-year-old woman from the Pacific Island nation of Kiribati. She has witnessed rising sea levels and coastal inundations change the lives and livelihoods of her community. The crowd also heard the story of John Sahid from Freetown, Sierra Leone, who has watched households relying upon rainfall-dependent agriculture struggle to adapt to changing weather patterns.</p> <p>Climate change is increasingly becoming a key issue for the Commonwealth. Many Commonwealth members are developing nations that contribute little to global carbon emissions. However, they are among the most vulnerable to a predicted increase in more extreme droughts, floods, rising sea levels and spread of infectious diseases.</p> <p>At the opening of the talks the Commonwealth's 18 African member called on  richer nations to make deeper emission cuts and help provide essential climate finance to help poor farmers become more resilient against increasingly extreme weather. </p> <p>Leaders from low-lying Tuvalu in the South Pacific, the Maldives in the Indian Ocean and several Caribbean island states stated that tackling the issue of climate change was at the centre of their agenda for CHOGM. They fear rising sea levels could <a href="http://www.oxfam.org.au/blogs/2011/10/pacific-island-nation-of-tuvalu-declares-emergency-over-water-shortage/" rel="nofollow">wipe them off the map</a>.</p> <p>At the opening of the summit Australia’s Prime Minister announced a new International Centre for Food Security to share Australia’s expertise in food production with the people of Africa, with a particular focus on adapting to climate change. <a href="http://www.oxfam.org.au/media/releases/?p=4467" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam welcomed this announcement</strong></a>, saying the centre could play an important role in supporting African countries confront the challenge of food security and reduce hunger.</p> <p>By the end of the summit, some progress on climate change had been made. CHOGM leaders agreed on a raft of measures to promote action, including a push to find better ways to fund emission reduction and adaptation projects in developing countries. What this will mean in practice will become clearer over the coming months.CHOGM leaders have said they will take these commitments to the upcoming G20 meeting happening later this week and to the UN Climate Summit taking place in Durban, South Africa at the end of the year.</p> <p>Like Tarateiti, John and the hundreds of people who gathered in Perth over the weekend we urge all leaders to use these upcoming meetings to act together to address <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/issues/climate-change" rel="nofollow"><strong>climate change</strong></a>.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>“Act now on climate change” – youth spell it out to Commonwealth leaders</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-11-04-agissez-contre-changements-climatiques-message-jeunesse-commonwealth" title="Changements climatiques: la jeunesse demande au Commonwealth d&#039;agir maintenant" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-11-09jovenes-mensaje-lideres-commonwealth-actuen-ahora-contra-cambio-climatico" title="Jóvenes activistas a los líderes de la Commonwealth: &quot;Actúen ahora contra el cambio climático&quot;" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Fri, 04 Nov 2011 14:43:22 +0000 Ian Sullivan 9652 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-11-04-act-now-climate-change-youth-spell-it-out-commonwealth-leaders#comments Working with Oxfam in Haiti: a small but important contribution – and a little bit risky http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/10-05-10-vanessa-guillaume-haiti-important-contribution-risky <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Working with Oxfam has helped me a lot in several ways. For one, after being traumatized from the tragic earthquake, I needed something productive to do to keep my mind off of things.</strong></p> <p>For more than five years, my mother owned a private business at home where both of us would work. But after the terrible occasion, we lost both our home and our jobs. Fortunately, not too long after, my mom found another job at Oxfam. Unfortunately for me though, I was at home doing nothing. (I was so bored and stressed out from the incident that I decided to do a video diary, instead of just writing out how I feel, so that I can release all my emotions.)</p> <p><strong>I wanted to go to school</strong>, but as a result of the tremor, many schools were damaged and destroyed. But I was hoping that I would at least find a job. After my mom started working, I would sometimes go along and assist her. However, the administration was concerned about me being there without getting paid. They didn’t want to exploit me. Little did they know I just needed something industrious to do to keep me out of the house. Nobody wanted to stay in their house, particularly if it’s made out of blocks, after what happened – especially not alone and not while there were still aftershocks.</p> <h3>Rebuilding the country – and ourselves</h3> Vanessa with her mom, Esther Guillaume. Credit: Jane Beesley/Oxfam <p>Surprisingly though, the manager asked me to send him my CV and he’ll see what he can do. I thought he was just trying to be nice, but I was desperately hoping that he would call me. Surely, about a week or two later, he called me for an interview. I can’t describe how I happy I was!<a href="#cvs" rel="nofollow">*</a></p> <p>The earthquake left a lot of people unemployed, but it however gave us <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/haiti-once-century-chance-change" rel="nofollow">another approach to rebuild</a></strong>, not only our country, but also ourselves. It gave all of us an opportunity to make a huge difference in our surroundings. I wanted to be a part of that difference. And Oxfam has given me that chance.</p> <p><strong>I remember the exact words my manager told me</strong>. He said: “the job that you are going to be doing is not big, but it’s very important, and it’s potentially risky.” That pretty much sums up what I do. I work along with the shelter team in Port-au-Prince. We <strong><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qdf3zlHGIFs" rel="nofollow">provide plastic sheeting and tents</a></strong> to people that lost their homes.</p> <h3>In serious need</h3> Vanessa with some members of her "Oxfam family". Credit: Jane Beesley/Oxfam <p>Like my manager said, it’s not big because the project and the supplies we provide are only temporary, but it’s important because people are in serious need of them. On the other hand, it’s a little risky because we work in the field, and people can sometimes get awfully frustrated. But that rarely happens if we plan ahead and check our security situation, then the assignment will run smoothly as usual.</p> <p><strong>All in all, I am very proud and honored</strong> to be part of the Oxfam family. The people here are very friendly, and we all work together as a team to accomplish our tasks.</p> <p>Oxfam has contributed a lot after this catastrophic event, and I hope that my experience will continue to grow with them as well as my love for what I do – helping people.</p> <p><em>* Oxfam received thousands of CVs for positions. Vanessa was interviewed and chosen based on an open selection process. She does not work in the same team as her mother… but they are both amongst some of Oxfam’s star staff!</em></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><a href="http://bit.ly/oxfam-haiti-map" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Map of Oxfam's response in Haiti</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/haiti-earthquake" rel="nofollow"><strong>More about Oxfam's Haiti response</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Working with Oxfam in Haiti: a small but important contribution – and a little bit risky</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/10-05-10-trabajar-para-oxfam-haiti" title="Trabajar para Oxfam en Haití: una pequeña gran contribución... ¡y algo de riesgo también!" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/10-05-11-travailler-oxfam-haiti-contribution-petite-importante-risquee" title="Travailler pour Oxfam en Haïti: une contribution petite mais importante – et un peu risquée" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 10 May 2010 10:43:31 +0000 Vanessa Guillaume 9089 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/10-05-10-vanessa-guillaume-haiti-important-contribution-risky#comments