Oxfam International Blogs - ending violence against women http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/ending-violence-against-women en Violence as an effective mode of “Indian” communication http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-12-18-violence-effective-mode-indian-communication <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>This blog post has been written by Oommen C. Kurian, Research Coordinator at Oxfam India, posted on 18 December 2015.</em></p> <p><strong>As a society that sanctions, legitimises, and even applauds violence, how can India look selectively at just one manifestation? </strong></p> <p>Despite the label of a ‘middle income’ country that has made our opinion leaders proud, <strong>most parts of our country remain poor in terms of human development outcomes.</strong>  Despite some gains over last decade, India still has the largest number of deaths amongchildren younger than five years of any country in the world. At 1.5 million deaths per year, <a href="http://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(13)70073-1/fulltext" rel="nofollow"><strong>three children under the age of five die every minute in India.</strong></a></p> <p>The discrimination and neglect of girl children is well-reflected in child mortality rates as well. Female-to-male mortality ratio under five years of age in India is calculated to be 1.31 - <strong>for every 100 deaths of boys, 131 girls die.</strong> It is not without reason that <strong>India is often cited as <a href="http://www.economist.com/news/asia/21654123-south-asia-one-worst-places-world-be-female-despite-being-woman" rel="nofollow">one of the worst places in the world to be born in, if one is a woman.</a></strong></p> <p>The Government of India adopted a National Policy for the Empowerment of Women in 2001 <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/Review/responses/INDIA-English.pdf" rel="nofollow">to bring about gender justice and make de jure equality into de facto equality.</a></strong> As we see all around us, a lot remains to be achieved, to put it mildly. It is a well-known fact that <a href="http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/data_files/india/s13_sex_ratio.pdf" rel="nofollow"><strong>India has one of the lowest sex ratios worldwide</strong></a>, <strong>pegged at 914 girls per 1000 boys in 2011</strong>, which points to the levels of systemic violence characterising gender relations in the country.  Also, unfortunately, there are more direct ways in which violence affects child mortality. A <strong><a href="http://thewire.in/2015/10/28/how-domestic-violence-affects-indias-child-mortality-rates-too-14200/" rel="nofollow">new study from the University of Essex</a></strong> shows that <strong>nearly one in ten child deaths under the age of one in India can be attributed to domestic violence.</strong></p> <p>Oxfam India has explored in its <strong><a href="https://www.oxfamindia.org/policybrief/1178/implementing-pwdva%3A-safeguarding-women" rel="nofollow">publications</a></strong> how incidence of Violence against Women in India and the South Asia region remains one of the most shameful reflections of the poor progress made towards realising human rights for all, including right to life with dignity. <strong><a href="http://www.icrw.org/sites/default/files/publications/Masculinity%20Book_Inside_final_6th%20Nov.pdf" rel="nofollow">A 2014 study by International Center for Research on Women </a></strong>(ICRW) revealed that <strong>6 out of 10 Indian men feel violence against women is justified</strong>. Surprisingly, nearly 70 per cent of married women justify gender-based violence. </p> <p>If we take the long-term view, no doubt things have changed due to public advocacy, education, and campaigns run by women’s organisations as well as the government. Earlier, the average husband would beat the wife and feel proud. Now, the average husband still beats the wife, but he is perhaps not boasting about it anymore. <strong><a href="https://www.oxfamindia.org/policybrief/1178/implementing-pwdva%3A-safeguarding-women" rel="nofollow">Enactment of strong laws</a></strong> – although ineffectively implemented- has contributed to this micro change. Some men of course have even started feeling <strong><a href="https://www.oxfamindia.org/blog/319/day-man-guarding-china-shop" rel="nofollow">they are the victims</a></strong> in this highly “hostile” legal structure. </p> <h3>When violence is a language within the family relationship</h3> <p><strong>Patriarchy treats violence as a language that the woman“understands” within the marital relationship.</strong> One that gives quick results that other modes of human communication always can’t.  When you don’t have arguments, beat her. When you want her to behave, beat her. When she wants to go out, beat her. Basically, when in doubt, beat her. </p> <p>The social norms that sanctify violence as a fair way of conveying one’s opinion may have deep origins. These may be unsettling for many, and perhaps it is too scary for India as a country to look at them yet. Doesn’t this simple and powerful solution to all problems sound eerily close to something else that Indians do routinely in their everyday lives? Yes, we are talking about parents (and teachers) beating “their” children. </p> <p>For example, if we were to implement the “Western” standards of child protection in India, then most of our legislature, judiciary, executive, media, and -god forbid - civil society, will be in jail. The “Indian Way of Parenting” has alleged <strong><a href="http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/us-govt-takes-custody-of-indian-child-arrests-father/article7486402.ece" rel="nofollow">high-profile run-ins</a> </strong>with the “Western civilization”at regular intervals. That Indian parenting/teaching is a popular theme for Western comics of Indian origin, points to the <strong>high incidence of violence against children that we silently take for granted.</strong> </p> <p>A study that looked at parenting habits in Mumbai covering 1700 parents had some <strong><a href="http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/Punishment-or-abuse-62-of-parents-in-Mumbai-beat-their-kids-to-discipline-them-study-says/articleshow/46161205.cms" rel="nofollow">interesting findings</a></strong>. In addition to the fact that <strong>in 2015, 62 per cent parents in Mumbai beat their kids to discipline them</strong>, the reasons and reactions that parents gave sounded quite familiar. In the following Figure, just replace child/kid with wife/partner and see if it helps. </p> <p><strong>Figure 1:</strong> Reasons and reactions to Child Beating</p> <p><img height="450" width="674" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/graph1.jpg" alt="" /><em>Source: <a href="http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/Punishment-or-abuse-62-of-parents-in-Mumbai-beat-their-kids-to-discipline-them-study-says/articleshow/46161205.cms" rel="nofollow">http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/Punishment-or-abuse-62-of-parents-in-Mumbai-beat-their-kids-to-discipline-them-study-says/articleshow/46161205.cms</a></em></p> <p>The ingrained violence in human relationships and how norms get formed maybe aspectacularly rich theme for sociological enquiry. However, a kid who gets beaten up every day at home doesn’t need to be a sociologist to realise that violence is an effective tool to “discipline” dissent. It’s a weapon that is bound to be used in the future. </p> <p>There is<strong><a href="https://www.oxfamindia.org/sites/default/files/PB-Implementing-PWDVA-Safeguarding-Women-from-Domestic-Violence-261015-ENG_0.pdf" rel="nofollow"> research</a></strong> that shows that people who come from violent homes are more prone to socially sanction violent behavior.  And indeed, children and women are the most common victims of violence in the home. </p> <h3>Violence at school </h3> <p><strong>In a patriarchal culture, <a href="http://www.pbs.org/kued/nosafeplace/studyg/origins.html" rel="nofollow">men are more likely to use violence to keep their dominant position</a>.</strong> Just like parents do with their kids. Or even teachers. In many ways than one, perhaps it all starts at our homes and schools. </p> <p>Lastly, I’m reminded of an incident which a friend who is a gender trainer shared. It happened in a north Indian city. At a training against VAW conducted by the state police department for private school children, my friend caught the principal and the police officer in-charge chatting about “changed times”. </p> <p>Rattled by the noisy kids in the training, the principal of this top private school tells the policeman, trying to hide his embarrassment: “Sir, RTE ke aane ke baad haalaat kharab ho gaya hein. Hum thappad bhi nahin lagaa sakte”. (Sir, after the Right to Education Act, the situation is really bad – we can’t even slap the kids!) </p> <p>The policeman empathises, as he completely understands: “Kya bole sir, RTE ne aap ke saath who kiya jo mobilephones ne hamare saath kiya. Kabhi haath bhi na lagao; nahi to Youtube pe aa jayega”.  (What to say sir, RTE has done to you what mobile phones have done to us –even touch them (the detainees) once, and it’s all over Youtube.)</p> <p>Here we have two model figures for our children, seemingly at a loss, when they can no longer use violence as freely to “discipline”. <strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/dtptraffic/videos/1047567558598280/?video_source=pages_finch_main_video&amp;theater" rel="nofollow">The Delhi Police ad</a> </strong>released a couple of weeks back, against what it calls “eve-teasing” is yet another example of how we legitimise violence everyday. <strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/dtptraffic/videos/1047567558598280/?video_source=pages_finch_main_video&amp;theater" rel="nofollow">Watch it</a></strong>, no comments.</p> <p> </p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-12-10-gender-equality-because-its-2015">Gender Equality: Because It’s 2015!</a></strong></p> <p><strong><strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/ending-violence-against-women-oxfam-guide-nov2012.pdf" rel="nofollow">Ending Violence Against Women: An Oxfam Guide</a></strong></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Violence as an effective mode of “Indian” communication </h2></div> Fri, 18 Dec 2015 12:26:54 +0000 Guest Blogger 32033 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-12-18-violence-effective-mode-indian-communication#comments The push for peace: A greater role for women http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-09-21-push-peace-greater-role-women <div class="field field-name-body"><p>The International Day of Peace is observed around the world on 21 September and is a day devoted to strengthening the ideals of peace, both within and among all nations and peoples. This year's theme is “<a href="http://www.un.org/en/events/peaceday/" rel="nofollow">Partnerships for Peace – Dignity for All</a>” to highlight the importance of all segments of society to work together to strive for peace.</p> <p>Conflicts threaten everyone with devastating consequences – but women and girls face particular impacts, such as sexual violence. However, <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/women-peace-and-security-keeping-promise" rel="nofollow">women remain systematically marginalized</a> in efforts at all levels to prevent, resolve and recover from conflict, and their participation in peace and security processes and institutions remains extremely limited.</p> <p>To address this, the UN Security Council adopted the landmark <a href="http://www.un.org/womenwatch/osagi/wps/" rel="nofollow">resolution 1325</a> in 2000. This resolution aimed to uphold women’s rights in conflict and their roles in peace and security.</p> <p>There have been some visible achievements since 2000. Twenty years after the 1994 genocide, Rwanda has the highest ratio of female parliamentarians in the world: <a href="http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm" rel="nofollow">64 percent</a>. There are 69 female parliamentarians in Afghanistan (27.7 percent of a total of 249) compared with none in 2001. There are more senior women in UN peacekeeping missions, and more policewomen in countries such as Afghanistan and Somalia.</p> <p><strong>But the impact on women’s lives and their formal role in peace and security worldwide has been sporadic.</strong></p> <p><img alt="Women are marginalized from the peace process." title="Women are marginalized from the peace process." height="676" width="750" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/oxfam-women-peace-fig-1-wps-with-headline-final_0.png" /></p> <p><em>Women as participants in peace negotiations 1992–2011</em></p> <p><strong>There has been important progress</strong> in women’s participation in UN-supported peace talks. But overall, women represented less than four percent of participants in peace negotiations from 1992 to 2011. An <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/bp200-behind-doors-afghan-women-rights-241114-summ-en.pdf" rel="nofollow">Oxfam study</a> of 23 known Afghanistan peace talks between 2005 and 2014, for example, found that during talks between the international community and the Taliban, not a single Afghan woman was involved. Women remain excluded even where male-dominated efforts to resolve conflicts have failed for decades.</p> <p>At national and local levels, women’s participation is limited or rendered less meaningful by various factors including poverty, social and economic discrimination and inequality, lack of technical capacity, lack of access to education, threats and acts of violence, political marginalization or manipulation, and tokenism. For example, in the current <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/south-sudan/pushing-peace-south-sudan" rel="nofollow">South Sudan peace process</a>, the women appointed to delegations of opposing factions are seen as representing only their respective leaders rather than the interests of conflict- affected communities. In Somalia, women highlight the risk of sexual violence as a key constraint to their participation in peacebuilding activities.</p> <p>Around the world, transparency and political accountability for the actions of governments is inconsistent, while greater efforts are needed to prevent conflict and gender-based violence.</p> <p>As the world prepares to mark the 15th anniversary of the adoption of UNSCR 1325 in October, the Security Council is conducting a High Level Review on 13 October in New York. This formal review will assess progress and challenges in implementing UNSCR 1325 by the UN and governments.</p> <p><em>This entry posted by Shaheen Chughtai on International Day of Peace, 21 September 2015.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Somali women and men discussing gender and livelihoods issues. Photo: WARDI/Oxfam</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/women-peace-and-security-keeping-promise" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam report: Women, Peace and Security: Keeping the promise</strong></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/somali-solutions" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam report: Somali Solutions: Creating conditions for a gender-just peace</strong></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/explore/issues/gender-justice" rel="nofollow"><strong>More on Oxfam's work on gender justice</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>The push for peace: A greater role for women</h2></div> Mon, 21 Sep 2015 12:37:08 +0000 Shaheen Chughtai 27725 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-09-21-push-peace-greater-role-women#comments How UN CSW can make Post-2015 more relevant to women’s rights http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-26-how-un-csw-can-make-post-2015-more-relevant-womens-rights <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>This entry posted by Shawna Wakefield (<a href="http://twitter.com/ShawnaWakefield" rel="nofollow">@ShawnaWakefield</a>), Oxfam's Senior Gender Justice Lead, and Caroline Green, Oxfam Gender Policy Advisor, on 26 March 2015.</em></p> <p>A breakthrough agreement was made for gender equality and women’s rights 20 years ago in Beijing, known as the <a href="http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/" rel="nofollow">Beijing Platform for Action</a> (BPfA). From March 9 to 20, government ministers met in New York for the annual <a href="http://www.unwomen.org/en/csw/csw59-2015" rel="nofollow">UN Commission on the Status of Women</a> (CSW), to present a Political Declaration that summed up the achievements of the last two decades and committed to achieving gender equality by 2030.</p> <p>Most of the estimated 8600 civil society representatives that came to CSW came to <strong>demand more from their governments</strong> than a reiteration of what was ambitiously agreed in 1995. They also recognize that achieving gender equality by 2030 requires a significant increase in implementation, changes in social norms and recognition of the role of movements in how transformation happens.</p> <p>At minimum, a cessation of the regular and systematic violation of women’s human rights – from sexual and reproductive health and rights, to economic discrimination, to violence against women, backlash against human rights defenders, and the impact of religious fundamentalisms on women’s freedoms – is urgent.    In a context where CSW is the only multi-lateral space dedicated to the advancement of women’s rights, it is time to recognize:</p> <ul><li><strong>the centrality of women’s movements</strong> in achieving positive change</li> <li><strong>social norms change is needed</strong> to stop the roll back on gains already won  </li> <li><strong>Post 2015 as an opportunity</strong> to advance objectives of BPfA (and make amends for the shortcomings of the MDGs)</li> </ul><h3>Centrality of women’s movements in achieving positive change</h3> <p>As in other years at CSW, an inter-generational collage of feminist activists, human rights defenders, INGO staffers, leaders of women’s rights movements around the world, and private sector representatives lobbied, strategized and re-connected. But this year, instead of the usual Agreed Conclusions outcome document, a Political Declaration was announced on day 1 of the official meetings. Around 1,000 women’s rights and feminist activists and organizations – and others standing in solidarity with them, including Oxfam - were dissatisfied and <a href="https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1IOSUTW_waxmw6BBwYRVETXS1XCq602WZ9f9q2H2KUfg/viewform" rel="nofollow">issued a statement to this effect</a>. These groups were expecting more than a reiteration of general commitments to gender equality but a more ambitious plan, with targets and indicators, for dismantling patriarchy and the deeply held social norms that keep it in place.</p> <p>Given the lack of proper negotiations, other statements expressed discontent with the lack of inclusion of civil society. The youth caucus, for instance, <a href="http://iwhc.org/resource/young-feminists-statement-for-the-59th-commission-on-the-status-of-women/" rel="nofollow">raised visibility of the need to recognize their issues</a> not as younger versions of those identified 20 years (or more) ago, but reflective of their particular concerns (<a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23WhatYouthWant%20&amp;src=typd" rel="nofollow">#WhatYouthWant</a>). An inter-generational dialogue was organized to reflect the need for shared learning, collaboration and cross-fertilization across generations.</p> <p><strong>We do need to celebrate the achievements since Beijing</strong>, catalysed and secured by women’s rights activists and movements. Some barriers have been broken for generations to come, including more constitutions that guarantee gender equality, more laws to guarantee equality, and more laws criminalizing violence against women (VAW). But, as noted from the coalition statements  and in bilateral and small group meetings during the weeks, the critical and unequivocal role women’s organizations, feminist organizations and women human rights defenders in pushing for gender equality, the human rights and empowerment of women and girls has been under-recognized.</p> <p>If the CSW and development actors in general don’t take this reality on board more seriously, it makes it more difficult to leverage achievements for lasting change.</p> <p>Now needed are new ways of convening, and bringing together new actors and norm setters, spaces to educate ourselves about the geopolitics and economics of today, to analyse power and to strategize about how to influence changes that will last. This requires resourcing, space and political support for women to come together and shape agendas (as pointed out in a small gathering of women’s human rights leaders organized by <a href="http://www.justassociates.org/" rel="nofollow">JASS</a> during CSW.</p> <h3>Social norms change to stop the roll back on gains already won</h3> <p>Unfortunately some at UN CSW were there specifically to undo hard won achievements on women’s rights. Among the trends seen since Beijing is the rise of religious fundamentalisms, including through the targeting of youth. New forms of social media and strategic communications are reaching wider audiences more quickly than ever before, with both positive and harmful effects on women’s rights. This plays out at CSW too. The proliferation of young people advancing these conservative agendas was visible, among those advocating for a roll back of political language that supports rights beyond hetero-normative family units or that secure sexual and reproductive health and rights.  </p> <p><img alt="Ending violence against women" title="Ending violence against women" height="515" width="289" style="float: right; width: 289px; height: 515px; margin: 0px 0px 10px 20px;" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/1-out-of-3-women-girls.jpg" /><a href="http://www.awid.org/eng=/Library/Development-gender-equality-and-religious-fundamentalisms" rel="nofollow">An Oxfam and AWID panel</a> on the subject of religious fundamentalisms, development and gender equality discussed a shared concern about the use of religion to violate women’s rights – including freedom of movement, leadership and participation in public life, sexual health and reproductive rights, access to resources and use of religion to justify violence. We looked at the issues in different contexts, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Latin America, the Middle East and trends globally in recognition of the fact that religious fundamentalism is a global phenomenon, and the fact that nowhere is culture static or owned only by one group.</p> <p>Wider than this, however, is the concern that discrimination against women is being reinforced, or newly justified. We need to strengthen our analysis of the interconnections between gender, religion, culture, diversity, and development. This is an important basis for challenging discriminatory attitudes, behaviours, beliefs and social norms that undermine the advancement of gender equality and women’s rights. It will require both solidarity building across women’s and rights groups, based on the indivisibility of rights, as well as good power analyses of which new coalitions, decision makers, faith leaders and groups are supportive of women’s rights, and media can be influenced and mobilized to offer alternatives.</p> <h3>Post 2015 is an opportunity to advance objectives of BPfA (and make amends for the shortcomings of the MDGs)</h3> <p>This year includes negotiation of new sustainable development goals, and the anniversaries of Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, Beijing, and the MDGs. What is the significance of these processes, including CSW in this context? Big issues are at stake, but are these multi-lateral processes up to it or even appropriate for facilitating, influencing or supporting the kind of changes needed today?</p> <p>The UN CSW of the last two weeks did not mobilize the kind of political energy seen in Beijing in 1995, but there is still conviction that this space needs to work and multi-lateral action is still needed. <strong>In Oxfam we are putting more emphasis on national level change and influencing</strong>, and the current system is not working well enough, but year after year our partners and many other activists tell us that we need to be there. Indeed, Joanne Sandler and Anne Marie-Goetz, for instance, spoke convincingly to the <a href="https://www.opendemocracy.net/5050/anne-marie-goetz-joanne-sandler/debating-5th-world-conference-on-women-defiance-or-defeatism" rel="nofollow">need for a 5th world conference on women</a>.</p> <p>In the meantime, this week, the UN is engaging in another round of international negotiations on the <a href="https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015" rel="nofollow">Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals</a>. Specifically, Member States are discussing the goals, targets and indicators for the new framework. With some States trying to open up the agreed goals and targets in the Open Working Group, women’s rights groups are highlighting that there is potentially much too lose in terms of the gender equality goal and gender equality targets on the table. It is critical that these broad targets agreed in the Open Working Group process, covering a range of the structural barriers women face from unpaid care and VAW through to participation and SRHR, are retained in the final Post-2015 framework.</p> <p>So far this week, the majority of States have called for the goals and targets to not be reopened. And in addition, many such as Ecuador (on behalf of the bloc of Latin American countries), EU, Mexico, Germany, El Salvador, Serbia and Liberia highlighted the critical importance of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_mainstreaming" rel="nofollow">gender mainstreaming</a> throughout the framework, including through the use of strong indicators for the gender equality targets, and sex disaggregated data for the indicators throughout.</p> <p>The post-2015 framework can never cover the comprehensive and visionary agenda set out in Beijing, and CSW does need to re-invent itself to be up to the task of advancing women’s rights in the context of backlash and ever changing expressions of repression. But keeping women’s rights squarely on the agenda, collaborating directly with movements, and addressing the hard issues will ultimately be necessary to accelerate implementation of any and all agreements to advance gender equality.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/tags/womens-rights"><strong>More blogs on women's rights</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>How UN CSW can make Post-2015 more relevant to women’s rights</h2></div> Thu, 26 Mar 2015 16:00:45 +0000 Shawna Wakefield 26052 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-26-how-un-csw-can-make-post-2015-more-relevant-womens-rights#comments I Care About Her: Building a movement of champions to end violence against women and girls http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-10-i-care-about-her-building-movement-champions-end-violence-against-women-and-girls <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Over half of women in Zambia have experienced <a href="http://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR211/FR211%5Brevised-05-12-2009%5D.pdf" rel="nofollow">physical or sexual violence</a>.</strong> Oxfam is working with diverse local partners to end this. I Care About Her, which has been running since 2012, engages men and boys as allies in the fight against violence against women and girls (VAWG).</p> <p><strong>The program is making waves in Zambia.</strong> A national television and radio talk show spark debate and discussion about gender inequality and VAWG each week, and community discussion groups give men a space to learn about violence, take action to change, and convince their fellow men to do the same. School groups challenge girls and boys to act against VAWG from a young age. Mass marches have seen thousands of men taking a stand against violence against women and girls.</p> <p><strong>Even the Zambian government is paying attention.</strong> Oxfam has been asked to mainstream the I Care About Her training methodology in colleges for police officers and teachers. The Ministry of Gender has been in touch with Oxfam regarding a proposal to roll the program out nationwide.</p> <p>More than that, I Care About Her is making a real difference for Zambian women. Some areas where the program is being implemented now see fewer cases of VAWG, and women and men are able to have more fulfilling relationships. “Since this program, men feel they can express themselves,” says one I Care About Her champion from Linda Compound. “We talk more openly between us now,” agrees his wife.</p> <p><img alt="&#039;I Care About Her&#039; March, Zambia, November 2013. Photo: Oxfam" title="&#039;I Care About Her&#039; March, Zambia, November 2013. Photo: Oxfam" height="530" width="800" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/i-care-about-her-people-marching-oxfam.jpg" /></p> <p><strong>Across Zambia, men are realizing the need to take a stand</strong> against violence against women and girls, and join women in the fight to end it. “We have always been taught that to be loving is to be weak,” says Solomon Jere, Deputy Inspector-General of the Zambian Police Force. “The first thing a man feels he must do when he is married is to exert his superiority. It is time to change.”</p> <p>Edgar Lungu, now the President of Zambia, spoke at an I Care About Her march, attended by over 2,500 men: “If you think you are going to be macho by beating women... you are in a wrong generation. If you think you are going to impress your fellow men by beating your wife, you are in the wrong generation.”</p> <p><strong>Oxfam and partners are working to create a new generation</strong>: a generation of women and men who stand up against VAWG and work together to make Zambia a safer place for women and girls.</p> <p><em>Oxfam is implementing I Care About Her in partnership with the Young Women’s Christian Association (<a href="http://www.worldywca.org/Member-Associations/Map/ZAMBIA" rel="nofollow">YWCA</a>), Zambia National Women’s Lobby (<a href="https://www.facebook.com/ZambiaNationalWomensLobbyZnwl" rel="nofollow">ZNWL</a>), Panos Institute Southern Africa (<a href="http://www.panos.org.zm/" rel="nofollow">PSAf)</a>, Women in Law in Southern Africa (<a href="http://www.wlsazambia.org/" rel="nofollow">WiLSA</a>) and the Forum for African Women Educationalists (<a href="http://www.fawe.org/" rel="nofollow">FAWEZA</a>).</em></p> <p><em>This entry posted by Alison Channon, Gender Justice Intern, Oxfam, on 9 March 2015.</em></p> <p><em>For more information, please contact Chloe Safier, Regional Gender Lead (<a href="mailto:csafier@oxfam.org.uk">csafier@oxfam.org.uk</a>) or Alison Channon, Gender Justice Intern (<a href="mailto:achannon@oxfam.org.uk">achannon@oxfam.org.uk</a>).</em></p> <p><em>Header photo: Men joining the '2,000 Men March' to publicly take a stand against violence against women and girls. Credit: Oxfam</em></p> <p><em>Inline photo: Daughters, mothers, wives joined their brothers, fathers and husbands during the I Care About Her! 2000 Men March. Credit: Oxfam</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p>Read the full case study: <a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/i-care-about-her-building-a-movement-of-champions-in-zambia-to-end-violence-aga-345992" rel="nofollow">I Care About Her</a></p> <p>More on the story of the <a href="http://www.oxfamblogs.org/southernafrica/?p=3659" rel="nofollow">2,000 Men March</a></p> <p>Some quotes originally appeared in “<a href="http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/f3f94cbc-99bc-11e3-91cd-00144feab7de.html#slide0" rel="nofollow">Esther Freud on Zambia’s campaign against male violence</a>” (Financial Times, February 2014), where you can also see more photos from the program.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>I Care About Her: Building a movement of champions to end violence against women and girls</h2></div> Tue, 10 Mar 2015 16:10:21 +0000 Alison Channon 25703 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-10-i-care-about-her-building-movement-champions-end-violence-against-women-and-girls#comments Oxfam welcomes landmark UN Security Council Resolution on policing http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-11-21-oxfam-welcomes-landmark-un-security-council-resolution-policing <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Elizabeth lives in a UN camp for displaced persons in Juba, the capital of South Sudan. She’s just one of around 100,000 civilians who has sought refuge in one of the compounds the United Nations peacekeeping Mission in South Sudan (<a href="http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/unmiss/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>UNMISS</strong></a>), following the outbreak of vicious fighting in December 2013.</p> <p>While UNMISS’ decision to open its doors to people fleeing violence likely saved many lives — and it has made genuine efforts to protect these people from threats of violence — it still struggles to reach the 90 percent of displaced peoples in South Sudan who live beyond these areas.</p> <p><strong>“We take risks going outside to the market</strong> to feed our children.” Elizabeth says. “UNMISS needs to patrol more around the camp and the gates and also the roads to town so that we can go safely to the markets.”</p> <p>Even within the bases themselves, UN Police deployed as part of UNMISS have struggled to maintain public safety and security. They’re faced with a range of challenges including inadequate staff numbers, lack of experience in crowd management and gender expertise, and a lack of correct equipment.</p> <p><img alt="Internally displaced people in South Sudan find a safe shelter at the UN House IDP compound in Juba, South Sudan, February 2014. Photos: Petterik Wiggers/Panos Pictures" title="Internally displaced people in South Sudan find a safe shelter at the UN House IDP compound in Juba, South Sudan, February 2014. Photos: Petterik Wiggers/Panos Pictures" height="600" width="900" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/woman-carrying-un-house-juba-oxfam-900x600.jpg" /></p> <p><strong>The challenges faced by UN Police in South Sudan are sadly not unique.</strong> While UN police are one of the fastest growing elements of UN Missions and have taken on increasingly complex tasks, there is still often a wide gulf between the mandates set by the UN Security Council and their ability to achieve their aims on the ground.</p> <p>Lack of political will, inadequate resources and training, poor coordination, and challenges in recruiting appropriately skilled personnel all have inhibited the capacity of UN police to provide genuine, inclusive protection for civilians or to restore security and the rule of law.</p> <p><strong>Women police remain grossly underrepresented</strong> within UN peacekeeping Missions. Around 10 percent of all UN Police are women — well below the UN’s own goal of 20 percent by 2014.</p> <p>But the <a href="http://australia-unsc.gov.au/2014/11/united-nations-security-council-resolution-2185-the-role-of-police-in-peacekeeping-and-post-conflict-peacebuilding/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>landmark UN Security Council resolution passed today</strong></a> –led by Australia and dedicated to the integral role of police in UN peacekeeping missions and in post-conflict peace-building — may help to reduce the gap between ambition and reality.</p> <p>Even though police officers have been deployed as part of UN peacekeeping operations for almost 65 years, the UN Security Council has never before passed a resolution focused solely on UN Policing. Today’s resolution consolidates a broad range of guidance and standards to strengthen the<strong> unique role of UN Police in protecting civilians, as well as preventing sexual and gender-based violence</strong>.</p> <blockquote> <p>Sexual violence at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/SouthSudan?src=hash" rel="nofollow">#SouthSudan</a> camps <a href="http://t.co/Mx2z1bkMdJ" rel="nofollow">http://t.co/Mx2z1bkMdJ</a> We're providing 6,400 solar lamps to make nighttime bathroom trips safer <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/evaw?src=hash" rel="nofollow">#evaw</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/509996046517559296" rel="nofollow">11 Septembre 2014</a></p></blockquote> <p>Building on the Australian-led <a href="http://www.un.org/press/en/2013/sc11131.doc.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>UN Security Council resolution 2117</strong></a> on small arms and light weapons, it also sets out a role for UN police to address the devastating impact of arms through supporting, as mandated, weapons collections, stockpile management and disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration processes.</p> <p>Most importantly, however, the resolution instills a new sense of political momentum and priority to reduce the gap between ambition and reality, and to accelerate efforts to ensure that UN police have the adequate capacity, resources and expertise to fulfill their mandates.</p> <p><img alt="Internally displaced people in South Sudan find a safe shelter at the UN House IDP compound in Juba, South Sudan, February 2014. Photo: Petterik Wiggers/Panos Pictures" title="Internally displaced people in South Sudan find a safe shelter at the UN House IDP compound in Juba, South Sudan, February 2014. Photo: Petterik Wiggers/Panos Pictures" height="599" width="900" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/oxfam-water-point-un-base-juba-900x600.jpg" /></p> <p><strong>While today’s resolution is a landmark achievement</strong> for UN policing and the first of its kind, the real test of its impact will be the change it achieves on the ground. The good news is that it sets out a process for Security Council members to consider an annual meeting on policing issues and requests the UN Secretary-General to submit a report on the role of policing as an integral part of peacekeeping and peace-building by the end of 2016.</p> <p>This will allow governments, civil society and affected communities to monitor progress on how well the resolution is being implemented — and where further action is still needed.</p> <p><strong>For the sake of people like Elizabeth</strong> in South Sudan, members of the Security Council now need to work with governments and police-contributing countries to ensure that UN police now not only have the will to protect, but also the means to do it.</p> <p><em>Photo credits:1: Families in Tong Ping displaced persons settlement carry their newly received non-food items back to where they're staying. Juba, South Sudan. Photo: Anita Kattakhuzy/Oxfam</em></p> <p><em>2 and 3: Internally displaced people in South Sudan find a safe shelter at the UN House IDP compound in Juba, South Sudan, February 2014. Photos: Petterik Wiggers/Panos Pictures</em></p> <p><em>This entry was originally posted by <a href="https://www.oxfam.org.au/2014/11/landmark-un-security-council-resolution-on-policing/" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam Australia</strong></a>.</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><strong>Read the blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-10-08-highs-and-lows-peacekeeping-south-sudan">The highs and lows of peacekeeping in South Sudan</a></strong></p> <p><strong>See photos of <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/sets/72157639823772126" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's response to the South Sudan crisis</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Download the report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/crisis-catastrophe" rel="nofollow">From Crisis to Catastrophe: South Sudan's man-made crisis - and how the world must act now to prevent catastrophe in 2015</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Support <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/donate" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's humanitarian work around the world</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Oxfam welcomes landmark UN Security Council Resolution on policing</h2></div> Fri, 21 Nov 2014 14:45:15 +0000 Ben Murphy 23881 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-11-21-oxfam-welcomes-landmark-un-security-council-resolution-policing#comments Raising Her Voice: Feminism around the world http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-12-raising-her-voice-feminism-around-world <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Yesterday I shared with you a new animation on women’s political voice – and today, to inspire you, I would like to share with you a selection of the finest feminist activist sites from around the world.</strong></p> <p>Between 2008 and 2013, Raise Her Voice (RHV) supported over one million marginalized women to be heard. To celebrate this – and show the value and importance of continued work in this area – Oxfam has launched a <strong><a href="/en/blogs/14-06-11-raising-her-voice-making-womens-invisibility-visible" rel="nofollow">short animation</a></strong> by <strong><a href="http://www.wearecognitive.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Cognitive</a></strong>, the creative geniuses behind the RSA Animate series.</p> <h3>Raise your voice</h3> <p>We’re asking readers to<strong><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/RaisingHerVoice" rel="nofollow"> share it with your networks</a></strong> and friends, to find out more by visiting our <strong><a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/our-work/citizen-states/raising-her-voice" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Raising Her Voice</a></strong> pages, and to make your voice heard in the global movement for women’s rights. Sharing is easy, we can all hit send on an email, finding out more is also a doddle. But how do you get involved in calling for women’s voices to be heard?</p> <p>We asked activists around Oxfam and beyond to nominate some of their favorite, most inspiring feminist activist sites.</p> <p>Ranging from labor rights, everyday sexism, political participation to menstruation action campaigns, all of them have one thing in common: these sites, campaigns and calls to action make visible the <strong>invisibility</strong> of so many of women’s daily experiences, voices and demands.</p> <p>Have your say… and help Oxfam, and the millions of women activists, allies, organizations and movements worldwide with whom we work to continue raising women’s voices – for millions more… and counting.</p> <h3>From <strong><a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/blog/author/maritza-gallardo" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Martiza Gallardo</a></strong>, Oxfam Active Citizenship and Gender Justice Coordinator, Honduras</h3> <ul><li><strong><a href="http://www.contralosfemicidios.hn/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Honduras Femicide Campaign</a></strong>: This powerful campaign aims to eradicate impunity for violence against women and Femicide in Honduras. In memory of their lives, let not their deaths go unpunished. </li> <li>For information about the campaign in English see this <strong><a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/blog/2012/11/femicide-in-honduras" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Oxfam blog on femicide in Honduras</a>.</strong></li> </ul><h3>From Teresa Yates, Oxfam Gender Justice Coordinator, Tanzania</h3> <ul><li><strong><a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2014/apr/bangladesh-shirt-on-your-back" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Shirt on your Back</a></strong>: How did the clothes you're wearing get to you? Guardian journalists trace the lifecycle of the shirt on your back via the teeming workshops of Dhaka, where labor, particularly women's labor, is cheap, factories are cheaper and just going to work can be fatal...</li> </ul><h3>From<strong> <a href="http://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/meetings-with-remarkable-women/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Shukri Gesod</a></strong>, Gender Justice Lead, Oxfam's Pan-Africa Program</h3> <ul><li><strong><a href="http://www.equalitynow.org/actions" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Gender Justice Across Africa:</a></strong> Founded in 1992, Equality Now aims to mobilize public support to achieve legal and systemic change that addresses violence and discrimination against women and girls around the world and on a range of issues urgent and specific to African women. The organization runs (and supports its 44 member organization's) a wide range of campaigns, including a call to the Sudanese government to change the law – allow victims of sexual violence to access justice and Nigeria’s <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/bringbackourgirls" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">#BringBackOurGirls</a></strong> campaign.</li> <li><strong><a href="http://www.fawcettsociety.org.uk/activity/women-and-power/#sthash.Av3Napmr.dpbs" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Fawcett Society - UK Women in Power Campaign:</a></strong> Across the UK today, women are dramatically under-represented in positions of power and influence – be it politics, business, media or other walks of life. Black and ethnic minority women, older and younger women, women from lower socio economic groups, disabled women and lesbian, bisexual and transgender women are particularly under-represented in positions of power and influence across public life.</li> <li>Demand change: sign Fawcett's <strong><a href="http://uat.fawcettsociety.org.uk/counting-women-in/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Counting Women In petition</a></strong>, asking David Cameron to keep his promise to make a 1/3 of his ministers women by the end of his first term as Prime Minister.</li> </ul><h3>From<strong> <a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/our-people/programme-implementation/mona-mehta" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">MONA MEHTA</a></strong> Gender Equality and Knowledge Manager, Asia</h3> <ul><li><strong><a href="http://www.musawah.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Musawah</a></strong>: Musawah, 'Equality' in Arabic is a global movement for equality and justice in the Muslim family. Musawah is pluralistic and inclusive, bringing together NGOs, activists, scholars, legal practitioners, policy makers and grassroots women and men from around the world.</li> </ul><h3>From <strong><a href="http://www.theguardian.com/profile/nay-elrahi" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Nay El Rahi</a></strong>, a Beirut-based journalist, researcher and activist and Oxfam Communications Manager</h3> <ul><li>“I love the site<strong><a href="http://feministing.com/about/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> Feministing</a></strong>, an online community for feminists and their allies. The community aspect of Feministing – <strong><a href="http://community.feministing.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">community blog</a></strong>, <strong><a href="http://campus.feministing.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">campus blog</a></strong>, comment threads, and related social networking sites – exist to better connect feminists online and off, and to encourage activism – a forum for a variety of feminist voices and organizations.”</li> </ul><h3>Other sites we love ...</h3> <ul><li>See the <strong><a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Women Under Siege blog</a></strong>: A journalism project highlighting the stories of women victims of sexual violence. Includes a live crowdsourced map documenting sexual violence in Syria.</li> <li><strong><a href="http://everydaysexism.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Everyday Sexism Project </a></strong>exists to catalogue instances of sexism experienced by women on a day to day basis. They might be serious or minor, outrageously offensive or so niggling and normalized that you don’t even feel able to protest.</li> <li>The bold, creative and courageous <strong><a href="http://www.awid.org/About-AWID/Who-We-Are" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Association of Women in Development </a></strong>support a wide range of <strong><a href="http://www.awid.org/Get-Involved/Urgent-Actions" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Urgent Actions</a></strong> on women’s rights.</li> <li><strong><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/05/28/menstrual-hygiene-day_n_5405986.html?ncid=fcbklnkushpmg00000046&amp;ir=Women" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">#MenstruationMatters</a></strong>, the first ever Menstrual Hygiene Day launched this year in May.</li> <li>Meet the new wave of activists making feminism thrive in a <strong><a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/01/activists-feminism-digital" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">digital age</a>.</strong></li> <li><strong><a href="http://www.masmujeresalpoder.cl/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Mas Mujeres al Poder</a></strong>: (More Women in Power) calls for more women in public decision making and public representation: This clever, mixed-media campaign seeks to raise public awareness - and a sense of urgency - into debates about strengthening democracy - impossible without women - in Chile, and worldwide. Women make up half of Chile’s population, 53% of the electorate, but are still only 12.7% of elected officeholders… one of the lowest levels of participation of women in the world.</li> <li><strong><a href="http://ukfeminista.org.uk/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">UK Feminista</a></strong>: A movement of ordinary women and men campaigning for gender equality – lads mags, sexism in schools…..</li> <li>More From<strong> <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/profile/nay-elrahi" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Nay El Rahi</a></strong>: “Following the Isla Vista killings, the campaign <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/YesAllWomen" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>#YesAllWomen</strong></a> started – and the stories that women worldwide are tweeting in response are chillingly real. A tumblr account, <strong><a href="http://whenwomenrefuse.tumblr.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">When Women Refuse</a>,</strong> also started shortly after the twitter campaign<strong>.</strong> This is so powerful, sort of an archive of poignant stories of women who endured violence, and many who died because they refused sexual advances.”</li> </ul><p><em>Oxfam's Raising Her Voice program set out to support women's voices to be heard with greater confidence in political, public and private life. </em></p> <p><em>What's your favorite feminist or women's rights website? Tell us below!</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong><a href="http://bit.ly/1rKZOVK" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Find out more about Raising Her Voice</a></strong></p> <h3>Related links</h3> <p><strong>Blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-06-11-raising-her-voice-making-womens-invisibility-visible" target="_blank">Raising Her Voice: making women's invisibility visible and watch the video.</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Raising Her Voice: Feminism around the world</h2></div> Wed, 11 Jun 2014 23:00:00 +0000 Emily Brown 10690 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-12-raising-her-voice-feminism-around-world#comments What will it take to end violence against women and girls? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-20-what-will-it-take-end-violence-against-women-and-girls <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>This Oxfam #16Days recap was written by Daniela Rosche, Policy and Advocacy Advisor, Gender Justice for Oxfam Novib (Netherlands), and Chloe Safier, Gender Justice Co-ordinator for Oxfam International.</em></p> <p>From November 25th until December 10th, activists and campaigners worldwide have mobilized for the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/content/16-days-activism-against-violence-against-women" rel="nofollow">16 Days of Action against Violence against Women Campaign</a></strong>, to raise awareness about this critical issue and inspire actions to end violence. A recent study from the World Health Organization reports that <strong><a href="http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/violence/VAW_Prevelance.jpeg" target="_blank" title="What will it take to end violence against women and girls?" rel="nofollow">one in three women throughout the world</a></strong> will experience physical and/or sexual violence by a partner or sexual violence by a non-partner.</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/who-vaw-prevelance.jpeg"></a></p> <p>During the 16 Days Campaign, Oxfam joined our allies and partners to march, meet, sing, protest and advocate to end violence against women. <strong>We believe that violence against women is both caused and perpetuated by poverty and inequality.</strong></p> <p>Raising awareness around violence against women and girls and its detrimental impact on women’s human rights is greatly needed. This continues to be a fundamental issue for development, human rights, democracy, and <a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/Take-your-portion-A-victim-speaks-out-about-rape-in-Syria" rel="nofollow"><strong>peace</strong></a> and a fact of many women’s daily lives. Justice for women remains elusive: many governments and the United Nations have repeatedly condemned violence against women in all its forms, but it continues to exist at <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rape_statistics" rel="nofollow"><strong>epidemic rates</strong></a>. Oxfam remains concerned about the huge gap between agreements that have been made to address this issue, and actual implementation on the ground.</p> <p>This year, the 16 Days Campaign came at a crucial time, as governments are just starting to think about the commitments they will make in the 2015 development framework (a follow up to the <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Millennium Development Goals</a></strong>). Oxfam believes that a stand-alone goal on gender equality and women’s empowerment is urgently needed within this framework. <strong>We support a specific target to eliminate violence against women</strong>, which is needed to facilitate the implementation of the policies that many governments have already agreed to. We also believe <strong>it’s necessary to integrate gender into all the targets</strong>, because we know that enhancing women's economic and social rights will contribute to ending violence against women.</p> <p><strong>Oxfam has also proposed a <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/ending-violence-against-women-action-plan" rel="nofollow">comprehensive international action plan</a></strong> to operationalize existing agreements and provide a much-needed roadmap towards actualizing existing agreements on the ground. Coupled with this, <strong>a huge increase in funding is needed:</strong>  violence against women continues to be one of the most underfunded women’s rights issues. The delivery of laws and policies to eliminate VAW must be matched by adequate resourcing by donors and governments including the provision of funds in support of women’s rights organizations. </p> <p><strong>We need the 16 Days of Action to Eliminate Violence Against Women to draw attention to many of these important issues</strong>, and many <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.ca/get-involved/16-days" rel="nofollow">Oxfam affiliates and offices</a></strong> took part in this year’s 16 Days Campaign. Just a few examples of our work include holding an event with a consortium of Belgian women’s rights organizations, six short stories drawn from visits and interviews with our partners, and launching a twitter campaign and la facebook action, which asked supporters to wear orange and join the United Nations Campaign <strong><a href="http://saynotoviolence.org/16days2013" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">“Say No to Violence”</a></strong>. In India, Oxfam launched the “No More Shhh...” campaign, which encourages people to end the silence around gender based violence and raise their voices against this injustice. The campaign included actions on facebook and twitter, and through the <strong><a href="http://closethegap.in/shhh/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Close the Gap </a></strong>website.</p> <h3><strong>Here are a few examples of the work that’s been happening in countries:</strong></h3> <ul><li><strong>Oxfam in Azerbaijan</strong> organized a one-day volunteer-led event called “Young Talents and Activists Saying NO to Gender Based Violence hand in hand with CSOs” and worked with volunteers to translate a campaign toolkit into Azerbaijani.</li> </ul><ul><li><strong>Oxfam in Ethiopia</strong> organized a learning forum on Women’s Economic Leadership amongst staff from Oxfam and partners.</li> </ul><ul><li><strong>Oxfam in Nigeria</strong> planned a stakeholder consultation November 26th on a number of gender justice concerns, including female transformative leadership, political participation, violence against women in politics, and more.</li> </ul><ul><li><strong>Oxfam in Georgia</strong> supported a round table discussion on November 26, 2013, with implementing partner Women's Information Center, on women's political participation. On December 11-13, 2013,  the same partner organized a three-day capacity building training for the  gender focal points within local governmental municipalities.</li> </ul><ul><li><strong>In South Africa</strong>, Oxfam partnered with <a href="http://www.powa.co.za/" rel="nofollow"><strong>POWA</strong></a> (People Opposing Woman Abuse) to celebrate the launch of a Special Edition of the book “Breaking the Silence,” a collection of poems, stories, and essays on ending violence against women.</li> </ul><ul><li><strong>Oxfam in East Africa</strong> held a twitter campaign on the account <a href="twitter.com/oxfameafrica" rel="nofollow"><strong>@OxfamEAfrica</strong></a>, where they tweeted on a different VAW related topic each day.<strong><strong> </strong></strong></li> </ul><p></p> <ul><li><strong>Oxfam in Mali</strong> Vincent Tremeau’s stunning photographs displayed in public places such as cultural centres, prisons, railways. The photos spread the message of 16 Days and drew attention to the issue of violence against women. <p><strong></strong></p></li> <li><strong>Oxfam in Armenia</strong> launched the “16 Days of Activism against Gender Violence” on November 25 by participating in a <strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.315928228548181.1073741842.143970642410608&amp;type=3" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">public event at UN Armenia House</a></strong>, on the theme “Inspiring Women for Self-Empowerment, Confidence and Personal Growth.” Oxfam in Armenia also established a “<strong><a href="http://blog.womennet.am/author/youth-for-justice/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Youth for Justice</a></strong>” online group, which led a campaign during the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence.</li> </ul><ul><li><strong>Oxfam in Uganda</strong> held an event in the Oxfam office that focused on the role that power plays in relationships, which was attended staff, partners and a team of students from Makerere University and Uganda Christian University, and Mukono under the leadership of YADEN, an Oxfam partner organization that majorly engages the youth.</li> </ul><ul><li><strong>The Control Arms Campaign<a href="http://controlarmsblog.wordpress.com/2013/11/26/16days/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> released a blog</a></strong> written by partners from WILPF and Reaching Critical Will on GBV in the Arms Trade Treaty, and launched a <strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10152754712461988&amp;set=a.94229026987.86401.12082541987&amp;type=1&amp;theater" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">graphic</a></strong> related to landmark gender provision in ATT on the Control Arms Facebook page.</li> </ul><h3>What do you think?</h3> <p><em>What do you think -- can we make headway in ending violence against women in 2014? Let us know what you think in the comments below.</em></p> <h3>More resources about ending violence against women</h3> <p><strong>Download: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-12-12-ending-violence-against-women-guide-oxfam-staff">Ending Violence Against Women: An Oxfam Guide</a></strong></p> <p><strong>New Oxfam guidelines: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/minimum-standards-gender-emergencies" rel="nofollow">Minimum Standards for Gender in Emergencies</a></strong></p> <p><strong>More publications on <a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/our-work/gender-justice/eliminating-violence-against-women?cid=rdt_evaw" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Violence Against Women in Emergencies</a></strong><em> (Oxfam GB)<strong></strong></em></p> <p><strong>Check out our <a href="http://pinterest.com/oxfaminternatl/women-and-gender-equality/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Women and gender equality Pinterest board</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>What will it take to end violence against women and girls?</h2></div> Fri, 20 Dec 2013 14:57:28 +0000 Daniela Rosche 10686 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-20-what-will-it-take-end-violence-against-women-and-girls#comments From shadow into light: tackling gender violence through photography http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-04-shadow-light-fight-against-gender-violence-photography-mali <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>As part of the international </strong><strong>campaign </strong><strong>“16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence,” Oxfam in Mali, Wildaf - a local partner - and <a href="https://internationalmedicalcorps.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">International Medical Corps</a> launched an exhibition in Bamako, Gao and Timbuktu, entitled “From shadow into light”.</strong></p> <a href="/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/Ombre-Lumiere-Vincent-Tremeau.jpg" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a> Portrait from the series "From shadow into light." Photo: Vincent Tremeau/Oxfam <p>This series of stunning photographs by Vincent Tremeau, Media and communication officer for Oxfam in Mali, features portraits of women, opinion leaders, and children with a focus on gender based violence and peace promotion. </p> <p>One of the features of gender-based violence, and sexual violence in particular, is the lack of complaint. Violent acts evoke shame and guilt, often leading to a stigmatization of victims, and rejection by the family or community.</p> <p><strong>Some women took the initiative to fight by sharing their stories.</strong> They chose to stay into the shadow, becoming for an instant active and proud agents of their own history. Standing at their sides, current leaders engaged in the fight against violence, and those of tomorrow, are the spokespersons of these sufferings to bring them into light, find solutions and promote a message of peace.</p> <p>“From shadow into light” will be shown in various sites across Bamako, Gao and Timbuktu, in December.</p> <p></p> <p><em>Photos: Vincent Tremeau/Oxfam</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/issues/gender/16-days-ending-violence-against-women" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Why Oxfam is participating in the 16 Days of Activism to end violence against women</strong></a></p> <p><strong>Video: </strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/video/2013/piecing-together-jigsaw-rebuilding-peace-after-conflict-mali" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Piecing together the jigsaw: Rebuilding peace after conflict in Mali</a></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/crisis-mali" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Crisis in Mali: What Oxfam is doing</a></strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-08-30-yemen-early-marriage"></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>From shadow into light: tackling gender violence through photography</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-12-04-ombre-lumiere-lutter-autrement-contre-violences-femmes" title="De l&#039;ombre à la lumière : lutter autrement contre les violences faites aux femmes" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 04 Dec 2013 16:52:09 +0000 Awa Faly Ba Mbow 10544 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-04-shadow-light-fight-against-gender-violence-photography-mali#comments Cuando nos centramos en la violación, ¿qué pasamos por alto? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10543 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Han pasado 20 años desde que la Asamblea General de la ONU aprobó la Declaración sobre la Eliminación de la Violencia contra las Mujeres. A pesar de esto, no parece que los medios de comunicación occidentales hayan encontrado otras maneras abordar la complejidad de este tema, aparte de ofrecer una limitada definición de la violencia  que sufren las mujeres en situaciones de conflicto. Demasiado a menudo, el foco se centra solo en la violación y otras formas de violencia sexual</strong>.</p> <p>El concepto “violencia contra las mujeres” debe entenderse como cualquier acto de violencia de género que resulte o pueda resultar en un daño o sufrimiento físico, sexual o psicológico contra las mujeres, incluyendo  amenazas de violencia, coacción o privación arbitraria de libertad, se produzcan en público o en privado.—<a href="http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/48/104&amp;Lang=S" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Declaración sobre la Eliminación de la Violencia contra las Mujeres 1993</a><strong>,Artículo 1</strong></p> <p>Países como la República Democrática del Congo reciben dudosas distinciones como la ser conocidos como la “capital mundial de la violación”, y Somalia, RDC y Sudán y Sudán del Sur ocupan los tres primeros puestos en el ranquing de “<strong><a href="http://www.trust.org/item/20110615000000-5d4ib/?source=spotlight" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">países más peligrosos para las mujeres</a></strong>”. En cada uno de estos países, los medios de comunicación y las agencias de ayuda retratan, a menudo, la violación como la principal amenaza que enfrentan mujeres y niñas. </p> <h3>El panorama general de la violencia sexual</h3> <p>La violación siempre ocupa las portadas de los medios, pero centrarnos solo en este aspecto puede hacernos ver la violación de forma distinta a otras formas de violencia. Esto es potencialmente problemático, ya que oculta el panorama general de la brutalidad que enfrentan las mujeres en países en conflicto o después de un conflicto.</p> <p>Mientras que ha sido tradicionalmente poco denunciada, la violencia sexual aún debe entenderse como parte de un espectro de actos (incluida la violencia económica y estructural) cometidos contra las mujeres por distintas razones.</p> <p>Como argumenta un estudio sueco titulado “<strong><a href="http://www.sida.se/Svenska/Om-oss/Publikationsdatabas/Publikationer/2010/juni/The-Complexity-of-Violence/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">La complejidad de la Violencia</a></strong>”, de las académicas Maria Eriksson Baaz y Maria Stern, sobre la violencia en RDC, <strong>las explicaciones sesgadas y un enfoque singular sobre la violencia sexual conducen a interpretaciones problemáticas</strong> por cuatro motivos:</p> <ul><li>La violencia sexual se presenta como sinónimo de violencia de género, cosa que nos sugiere, erróneamente, que otras formas de violencia no son de género. </li> <li>Impide que comprendamos como otras formas de violencia se relacionan con la violencia sexual.</li> <li>Contribuye a la comercialización de la violación.</li> <li>Puede hacer invisibles a las mujeres supervivientes, contribuyendo a los ciclos de violencia. </li> </ul><p>Eriksson Baaz explica la “comercialización de la violación” en referencia “a las formas en las que participar en las soluciones a este problema se han convertido en una lucrativa fuente de atención y recursos para una serie de agentes externos, desde donantes, ONG internacionales, políticos, periodistas hasta investigadores como nosotras mismas". </p> <p><strong>Además de violencia sexual, las mujeres en conflictos y post-conflictos experimentan muchas formas de violencia de género</strong> –incluyendo el aumento de las tasas de violencia doméstica, violencia de estado y militar, infanticidio, <strong><a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/women-words-and-violence-in-mexico" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">femicidio</a></strong>, trabajos forzados, <strong><a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/mali-conflict-is-latest-to-employ-forced-marriage-as-tool-of-war" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">matrimonios forzados</a></strong> y tradicionales prácticas nocivas, herencia de leyes que favorecen a los hombres. La violencia también puede ser económica, como cuando las mujeres son desproporcionadamente responsables de los enfermos, heridos y personas sin hogar en las zonas en conflicto. Estas formas de violencia no ocurren de forma aislada, derivan de relaciones de poder desiguales entre hombres y mujeres que, a menudo, proceden y aumentan por el conflicto- y pueden ser vistas como de carácter estructural.</p> <h3>La naturaleza estructural de la violencia contra las mujeres</h3> <p>En Sudán del Sur, donde recientemente la violencia ha tomado forma de saqueo de ganado, analizar todo el espectro de violencia sexual y de género puede ayudar a entender la naturaleza estructural de la violencia contra las mujeres. El saqueo de ganado acostumbran a llevarlo a cabo hombres, y Oxfam ha averiguado que la razón por la cual se produce está ligada al alto precio de las novias. Un <strong><a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/creating-heaven-in-a-place-called-hell-drc-activist-responds-to-us-tabloid" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">sistema que requiere pagar por las mujeres</a></strong> para contraer matrimonio es una evidencia de:</p> <ol><li>Un sistema patriarcal en el que los padres deciden con quien se casan sus hijas y los hombres se sienten propietarios de sus esposas puesto que pagaron por ellas.</li> <li>Presiones económicas que animan a las familias a casar sus hijas como forma de obtener ingresos.</li> <li>La forma en que la masculinidad se define como “valiente” y casado<strong>.</strong></li> </ol><p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/challenges-security-livelihoods-gender-justice-south-sudan" rel="nofollow">Como dijeron a las investigadoras</a></strong> las mujeres de Sudán del Sur en el estado de Lagos, estas estructuras patriarcales limitan gravemente su autonomía: Los jefes locales, a veces, ayudan. Por ejemplo, si una familia padece hambre y el marido no quiere dar a la mujer una vaca lactante o vender una vaca para proveer a la familia, el jefe puede persuadirle u obligarle a vender. En otros casos, estás sufriendo. Si quieres irte, es muy difícil. El hombre dirá que pagó muchas vacas por ti y el jefe no intervendrá a tu favor.</p> <h3>Limitar la autonomía de las mujeres</h3> <p><strong>La limitación de la autonomía de las mujeres perpetúa el impacto negativo del conflicto</strong>. Por ejemplo, las mujeres no sufren el impacto de las leyes de herencia patriarcales en periodos de paz, pero las viudas sí lo hacen si no pueden controlar los bienes familiares después de que sus maridos hayan muerto en el conflicto. Esto queda especialmente patente en países como Sudán, Sudán del Sur. RDC y Somalia, donde las barreras legales y culturales contra los derechos de las mujeres son anteriores a los conflictos. Incluso cuando las mujeres tienen el control sobre algunos recursos, experimentan violencia cuando se ven sometidas a tasas arbitrarias y a la explotación.</p> <p><strong>La violencia estructural asociada a la desigualdad de género también puede exponer a las mujeres a violencia física</strong>. Es el caso de la provincia de Kivú del Sur, en RDC, donde las mujeres jóvenes han explicado que se han unido a movimientos armados para evitar matrimonios forzados. Exponerse a la violencia armada en el campo de batalla puede parecer irracional hasta que consideras que estas mujeres a menudo padecen violencia doméstica en sus matrimonios forzados.</p> <h3>Una violación de los derechos humanos</h3> <p>La violencia contra las mujeres debe verse como una violación de los derechos humanos, una barrera para la ciudadanía activa de las mujeres y, por lo tanto, un obstáculo fundamental para una paz duradera y para mitigar la pobreza. Centrarse únicamente en la violación puede ser contraproducente para comprender estas complejidades.</p> <p><em>Publicado originalmente por <a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/when-we-focus-on-rape-what-do-we-miss" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Women Under Siege</strong></a>.</em></p> <h3>Más información</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/content/16-d%C3%ADas-de-activismo-contra-la-violencia-hacia-las-mujeres" rel="nofollow">Por qué Oxfam participa en la campaña 16 Días de Activismo contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Descarga: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/es/blogs/12-12-13-terminar-con-la-violencia-contra-las-mujeres-una-guia-de-oxfam-0">Terminar con la violencia contra las mujeres: una guía de Oxfam</a></strong></p> <p><strong>lee el blog </strong><em>(solo disponible en inglés)</em><strong>: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-08-30-yemen-early-marriage">Yemen: A wake up call to early marriage</a></strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-08-30-yemen-early-marriage"></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Cuando nos centramos en la violación, ¿qué pasamos por alto?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-11-27-when-we-focus-rape-what-do-we-miss" title="When we focus on rape, what do we miss?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-12-03-passons-cote-sujet-focalisant-attention-viol" title="Ne passons-nous pas à côté du sujet en focalisant l’attention sur le viol ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 04 Dec 2013 15:55:41 +0000 Sam Rosmarin 10543 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10543#comments When we focus on rape, what do we miss? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-11-27-when-we-focus-rape-what-do-we-miss <div class="field field-name-body"><p>It’s been 20 years since the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women. Despite this, it doesn’t seem like the Western mainstream media have figured out how to represent more than a narrow definition of the types of violence women experience during conflict. Too often the focus is only on rape and other forms of sexualized violence.</p> <p><em>The term “violence against women” means any act of gender-based violence (GBV) that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.</em>—<a href="http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/48/a48r104.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women 1993</strong></a>, Article 1</p> <p>Countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo receive dubious distinctions such as being called the “<a href="http://www.trust.org/item/20110615000000-5d4ib/?source=spotlight" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>rape capital of the world</strong></a>,” and Somalia, DRC, and Sudan/South Sudan ranked as three of the top five “<a href="http://www.trust.org/item/20110615000000-5d4ib/?source=spotlight" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>most dangerous countries for women</strong></a>.” In each of these countries, media outlets and aid agencies often portray rape as the greatest threat women and girls face.</p> <h3>The broader picture of sexualized violence</h3> <p>Highlighting rape may capture headlines, but coverage focused solely on it can encourage us to see rape as distinct from other forms of violence. This is potentially problematic in that it obscures the broader picture of the brutality that women face in a conflict and post-conflict country. While historically under-reported, sexualized violence still must be imagined as part of a spectrum of acts (including economic and structural violence) committed against women for a host of reasons.</p> <p>As a Swedish study called “<a href="http://www.sida.se/Svenska/Om-oss/Publikationsdatabas/Publikationer/2010/juni/The-Complexity-of-Violence/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>The Complexity of Violence</strong></a>” by scholars Maria Eriksson Baaz and Maria Stern argues of violence in DRC, the often exclusive focus on sexualized violence is problematic in four ways: It is portrayed as synonymous with GBV, which erroneously suggests that other forms of violence are not gendered; it hinders our understanding of how other forms of violence relate to sexualized violence; it can feed into the commercialization of rape; it can often make male survivors invisible, which feeds into cycles of violence. Eriksson Baaz explains the “commercialization of rape” as referring “both to the ways in which engaging in the rape issue has become a lucrative source of attention and resources for a range of external actors, from donors, international NGOs, politicians, journalists, to researchers like ourselves.”</p> <p>In addition to sexualized violence, women in conflict and post-conflict settings experience many forms of gender-based violence—including increased rates of domestic abuse, state violence and militarism, infanticide, <a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/women-words-and-violence-in-mexico" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>femicide</strong></a>, forced labor, <a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/mali-conflict-is-latest-to-employ-forced-marriage-as-tool-of-war" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>forced marriages</strong></a>, and harmful traditional practices such as inheritance laws that favor men. Violence can also manifest economically, such as when women are disproportionately responsible for the sick, wounded, and homeless in conflict zones. These forms of violence do not occur in isolation; instead, they stem from unequal gender power relations that often proceed from and are exacerbated by a conflict—they can be seen as structural in nature.</p> <h3>The structural nature of violence against women</h3> <p>In South Sudan, where violence has recently taken the form of cattle raiding, looking at the full spectrum of SGBV (sexualized and gender-based violence) can help elucidate the structural nature of violence against women. Cattle raids are usually carried out by men, and Oxfam has found that the reasons for these cattle raids are inextricably linked to a high bride price. A <a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/creating-heaven-in-a-place-called-hell-drc-activist-responds-to-us-tabloid" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>system that requires payment for women</strong></a> in marriage is evidence of:</p> <ol><li>a patriarchal system in which fathers decide who their daughters marry and men feel ownership over their wives since they paid for them,</li> <li>economic pressures that encourage families to marry their daughters off as a form of income, and</li> <li>the way masculinity is defined as “brave” and married.</li> </ol><p>As South Sudanese women in Lakes State <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/challenges-security-livelihoods-gender-justice-south-sudan" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>told Oxfam researchers</strong></a>, these patriarchal structures severely limit their autonomy:</p> <p>The local chiefs help sometimes. For instance, if there is hunger in the family and the husband does not want to give the wife a lactating cow or sell a cow to provide for the family, the chief may persuade or force the husband to sell. In other cases you are suffering. If you want to leave, it is very difficult. The man will say I paid so and so many cows for you. The chief will not intervene to support you.</p> <h3>Constraints on women’s autonomy</h3> <p>Constraints on women’s autonomy perpetuate the negative impact of conflict. For example, women may not feel the impact of patriarchal inheritance laws during peacetime, but widows certainly do if they cannot control family assets after their husbands die in battle. This is especially true in countries such as Sudan, South Sudan, DRC, and Somalia where legal and cultural barriers to women’s rights predated the conflicts. Even when women do have control over some resources, they experience violence when subjected to arbitrary taxation and exploitation.</p> <p>The structural violence associated with gender inequality may also expose women to physical violence. Such is the case in South Kivu province, DRC, where young women have reported joining armed movements in order to avoid forced marriages. Exposing one’s self to armed violence on the battlefield may seem irrational until you consider that women in such forced marriages often experience domestic violence.</p> <h3>A violation of human rights</h3> <p>Violence against women should be seen as a violation of human rights, a barrier to women’s active citizenship, and hence a fundamental constraint to both long-lasting sustainable peace and alleviation of poverty. Solely focusing on rape can be counterproductive to understanding these complexities.</p> <p><em>Originally published by <a href="http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/when-we-focus-on-rape-what-do-we-miss" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Women Under Siege</strong></a>.</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/issues/gender/16-days-ending-violence-against-women" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Why Oxfam is participating in the 16 Days of Activism to end violence against women</strong></a></p> <p><strong>Download: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-12-12-ending-violence-against-women-guide-oxfam-staff">Ending Violence Against Women: An Oxfam Guide</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-08-30-yemen-early-marriage">Yemen: A wake up call to early marriage</a></strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-08-30-yemen-early-marriage"></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>When we focus on rape, what do we miss?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-12-03-passons-cote-sujet-focalisant-attention-viol" title="Ne passons-nous pas à côté du sujet en focalisant l’attention sur le viol ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-12-04-cuando-nos-centramos-en-la-violacion-que-pasamos-por-alto" title="Cuando nos centramos en la violación, ¿qué pasamos por alto?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Wed, 27 Nov 2013 18:35:09 +0000 Sam Rosmarin 10530 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-11-27-when-we-focus-rape-what-do-we-miss#comments