Oxfam International Blogs - Yolanda http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/yolanda en Yolanda on My Mind: The Odyssey of a Humanitarian Worker http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-11-08-yolanda-my-mind-odyssey-humanitarian-worker <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Humanitarian workers are regularly confronted by difficult choices.</strong></p><p>What humanitarian worker hasn't been stuck in a situation where good intentions are not enough, in the face of bad or worse options? As a frontline emergency responder for almost ten years, I have been in situations where every decision or step I made had no easy answers.</p><p>With Yolanda, globally known as <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typhoon_Haiyan" rel="nofollow">Super Typhoon Haiyan</a>, we had to make the choice of trailing the powerful storm with the belief that people will need life-saving support. In so doing, staff were necessarily thrown in a vast sea of uncertainty. In the affected areas, we had to veritably knock on doors, asking who could offer us a place to stay or lend us vehicles, so that we could reach the hardest hit areas quickly. We had to step forward, then pivot when needed, and then step sideways - always having to trust that doing something is better than doing nothing.</p><h3>Yolanda’s staggering destruction</h3><p>Yolanda swept through eastern provinces of 591 towns and 57 cities in 44 of the country’s 80 provinces. The massive rainfall lasted until the midnight of Friday, and by the following day we flew in three rapid assessment teams to badly hit areas of Eastern Samar, Tacloban City, and, Northern Cebu.</p><p>My team in Davao spent our weekend in the office to monitor the development.&nbsp; Still vexed with what was going on, I came to an international conference in Davao where I was scheduled to deliver a talk.&nbsp;</p><p>Close to about 9 AM, I received a call from the Manila to pick up my plane ticket which would fly me to Cebu around 12 noon, where we established our base of operation, even as we struggled to connect with our assessment teams.</p><p><img alt="Typhoon Haiyan in numbers" title="Typhoon Haiyan in numbers" height="1200" width="1200" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="2" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/haiyan-in-numbers_final.jpg" /></p><p><strong>By Wednesday our response was rolling</strong> in Northern Cebu and Tacloban, but the situation in Eastern Samar was still largely unknown. By the following Saturday, I was asked to fly in to Borongan with a couple of staff of Morong Volunteers Emergency Response Team to scope the impact areas.</p><p>The destruction wrought by the strongest typhoon ever recorded in modern Philippine history has been staggering. In its wake, Yolanda had left at least 6,200 dead, 28,600 injured, 550,900 houses destroyed and 589,400 more were damaged.</p><p>The full monetary value of the impact of Yolanda range from USD13 to 14.5 billion. The estimated damage to agriculture was at $225 million.</p><p>From my perspective, this figure appears to be a small fraction of the actual losses but what was clear was that poorest villages bore the heaviest brunt.</p><p>Within the next three weeks, our global humanitarian team were fully set up.&nbsp; I went back to my post in Davao with all the harrowing experiences of the dead and missing, of devastated lives and livelihoods which will haunt me for years.</p><p><img alt="Oxfam response to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)" title="Oxfam response to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)" height="1200" width="1200" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="1" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/oxfam-response-1200x1200.jpg" /></p><h3>Transitioning from emergency- to long-term recovery responses</h3><p>About a year and a half after Yolanda hit, I was asked to manage the transition of our emergency response to long term recovery. At that time, only a tiny fraction of displaced families has been relocated to permanent shelters on safer grounds.&nbsp;</p><p>Minimum liveability standards – e.g., safe drinking water, adequate sanitation, affordable electricity services, proximity to health and education services and livelihood opportunities – still seemed to be beyond reach.</p><p>Displaced families were still uncertain over when and where they would be moved, as they have lived the lives of beneficiaries rather than stakeholders in finding lasting solutions.&nbsp;</p><p><strong>Their perspectives were not represented</strong> in decision making processes that affected their lives in a profound sense. This, while they endured individual and community living which was marked by increasing insecurity and instability, with less access to income-generating opportunities, disrupted schooling and mobility, minimal protection from the elements, and minimal privacy and practical necessities for one’s bodily integrity, including sexual and reproductive health and well-being.</p><p>Indeed, the sheer scale of devastation brought about by Yolanda would challenge any government. With its complexities, Yolanda also forced aid agencies like Oxfam to confront the question that has animated the aid sector for a long time, which is, whether or not there is such a thing as ‘natural’ disasters.&nbsp; For sure there are unnatural events which could greatly challenge the ability of even some of the strongest countries.&nbsp;</p><p>What is clear is that disasters become inevitable if preparedness is lacking.</p><p><img alt="Typhoon Haiyan - rebulding homes" title="Typhoon Haiyan - rebulding homes" height="1084" width="1200" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="3" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/sharequote-1-final.jpg" /></p><h3>Building local leadership and capabilities</h3><p>The list of things to do on preparedness, which Oxfam has now been investing in heavily, include building local capabilities – of local governments and local NGOS – to mount a speedy and sizeable response.</p><p>Fully capable local humanitarian actors will ensure that the emergency response will be ‘as local as possible and only as international as necessary’.</p><p>It will also help keep international organisations like Oxfam stay focused on reinforcing and not replacing local systems, where we can deploy our expertise on compliance to humanitarian standards.</p><p><strong>Yolanda also forced us to <a href="https://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/blog/2013/12/after-haiyan-crucial-steps-in-the-path-to-recovery" rel="nofollow">re-think</a></strong><a href="https://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/blog/2013/12/after-haiyan-crucial-steps-in-the-path-to-recovery" rel="nofollow"> some of our strategies</a> on development programming which could potentially shrink our humanitarian footprint.</p><p>Top of this is a rational land use planning system which will move vital infrastructures, economic investments, and vulnerable communities away from geo-hazard areas.</p><p>To this I add that investing in sophisticated early warning system which could stretch the lead time for civil and military apparatuses to be able to kick off their contingency plans.</p><p><img alt="Typhoon Haiyan - preserving people&#039;s dignity" title="Typhoon Haiyan - preserving people&#039;s dignity" height="1093" width="1200" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="4" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/sharequote-2-final.jpg" /></p><h3>The role of the private sector</h3><p>Incentivising the entry of private sector into insurance markets should a matter of public policy priority so that losses could be mitigated when a discrete event like Yolanda becomes inevitable.&nbsp;</p><p>An increase on insurance coverage/penetration is inversely correlated with public spending for rehabilitation and recovery or reduces the tax burden on the people.</p><p>Damage to school buildings, public market, rural health clinics, bus terminals and similar infrastructural investments meant that recovering losses require painful tradeoffs in terms of what other basic services would have to be foregone such as primary health, education, and similar investments in development.</p><p>For private sector in particular, business continuity planning needs to be part of its operations to minimise disruptions which discrete events invariably entail which oftentimes reverberate into the rural economies.</p><h3>Are we ready for the next one?</h3><p>Steps such as land use planning, early warning system, risk transfers, and business continuity planning are what falls into the cracks between the highly compartmentalised zones of humanitarian and development discourses, where you have emergency preparedness and response on one hand and macroeconomics (e.g., fiscal stability, employment, and, inflation) on the other.</p><p>Today, as we celebrate the fifth anniversary of Yolanda, it is necessary to confront the difficult question: are we ready for the next one?</p><p><em>This entry posted on 8 November 2018, by Dante Dalabajan, Senior Manager of Oxfam in the Philippines where he manages a team of advisors and specialists on humanitarian and development programming, campaigning, and aid response.</em></p><p><em>Top photo: Scene from Oxfam Assessment Team while surveying the impact of Typhoon Haiyan, just days after it hit in Samar, Philippines. Credit: Jire Carreon/Oxfam</em></p><p><strong>Read more<br></strong></p><p><strong><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/tags/philippines">Blogs about Oxfam in the Philippines</a><br></strong></p><p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies" rel="nofollow"><strong>More on Oxfam's humanitarian work</strong></a></p><p></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Yolanda on My Mind: The Odyssey of a Humanitarian Worker</h2></div> Thu, 08 Nov 2018 14:12:38 +0000 Guest Blogger 81774 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-11-08-yolanda-my-mind-odyssey-humanitarian-worker#comments One year after Haiyan hit the Philippines: #MaketheRightMove http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-11-23-one-year-after-haiyan-hit-philippines-maketherightmove <div class="field field-name-body"><p>In the dark of night, the winds howled and the waves crashed. In the Philippines, they called it Yolanda, the super-typhoon that ripped through the central islands of the country before dawn on November 8, 2013.  Winds swirling at close to 200 mph dumped volumes of rain and whipped the sea, making it rise 25 feet high before coming down to pound houses to smithereens and snuffing out thousands of lives.</p> <p><strong>Daybreak revealed a broken country</strong>, and a people's fighting spirit. By noon that day, millions of people across nine regions of the Philippines had been thrown into chaos. I remember writing with dread that people would struggle with clean water, food, shelter, privacy, security and fear of the unknown.  Humanitarian actors tried mightily to help meet these needs but one month later, on December 2013, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in the Philippines reported that "food and other urgent support is not sufficiently reaching remote areas due to logistical challenges."</p> <p>I also remember that while my heart was with my fellow Filipinos, I had to watch Yolanda  as it tracked towards Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos.  I prayed that, as it had already taken too much from my country, that it would dissipate and disappear over the sea from where it came.</p> <h3>Total devastation</h3> <p><img alt="Joy and her husband in front of what’s left of their home. Dec 2013. Photo: Lan Mercado/Oxfam" margin-right="5px" src="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/default/files/blogimages/joy-haiyan-320.jpg" height="320px" width="320px" align="left" /><strong>Looking back a year later,</strong> the statistics are no less heart wrenching: more than 6,000 people killed and 4.1 million displaced. To date, 475,000 people are still living in unsafe or inadequate shelters and nearly 25,000 people are still in evacuation centers. Joy, a village health worker from an interior barrio in northern Cebu, was one of those left homeless. I was doing Oxfam’s recovery assessment and Joy helped me talk to families whose houses had been destroyed and livelihoods ruined, who were poor before and even poorer after losing the assets they built up over many years during the storm. I asked Joy to show me her house and she brought me to a pile of sticks. Right before Yolanda hit, Joy had paid PhP15k of her savings from selling vegetables to have electricity installed in the house that she and her husband built, only to lose everything.</p> <p><strong>Yolanda will not be the last storm</strong> that will devastate the Philippines and other countries in Asia, the most disaster-prone region of the world, according to the United Nations Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). Over the past 20 years, Asia has borne almost half of the estimated global economic cost of all disasters, amounting to almost $53 billion annually. Climate-related disasters are compounding the risks for people and will keep coming.</p> <h3>Opportunities for transformation</h3> <p><img alt="Bito, 7, playing on the beach in San Jose, Tacloban, Philippines. Photo: Simon Roberts/Oxfam" margin-left="5px" src="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/default/files/blogimages/bito-philippines-child-portrait-320x427.jpg" width="320px" align="right" /></p> <p><strong>A year ago, I saw opportunities for social transformation</strong> in Yolanda’s wake. Today, I do know that most governments in Asia have established policies around disaster and climate change preparedness. However, plans are being implemented with varying success. Oxfam’s latest reports, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/asia-climate-change-cant-afford-wait"><em><strong>Can’t Afford to Wait</strong></em></a> and<em> <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/haiyan-shadow-storm"><strong>In the Shadow of the Storm</strong></a></em> confirm that greater political will, more resources and better coordination are required to protect vulnerable groups from the threats of disasters, including those caused by climate change.</p> <p>In the case of the Philippines, Oxfam found that while the Philippine government has shown leadership in the humanitarian response and rebuilding efforts, plans have not translated to real impact because of a lack of money and coordination in local communities. And, in order for the investments to work, they must include displaced people in decision making and take their needs into account. For example, new housing should not be built far from jobs like fishing and agriculture, or families will not be able to resume their work and self-sufficiency.</p> <h3>Meeting the climate challenge</h3> <p><strong>Yolanda and other large-scale disasters in Asia have taught us</strong> that we all must pitch in. Regional cooperation is crucial and we have the chance to ask our leaders to step up and address this critical issue. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) can do a lot more to boost financing for national climate adaptation. As a community of nations, we ought to stand together and collectively secure the financial support we need from developed countries at the upcoming international climate meeting in Lima, Peru in December 2014.</p> <p>One year ago, <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-12-11-one-month-after-typhoon-haiyan-rebuilding-just-resilient-society"><strong>I wrote</strong></a> that we must make each life that was lost count. I had hoped that Yolanda would serve to transform us as individuals and as a country, or we are cursed to be haunted by ghosts. One year later, there are glimmers of change, but certainly not enough. Yet, we cannot give up. On the contrary, our continued efforts must be the force to steer international and regional institutions, national and local governments, and citizens to #maketherightmove towards climate justice and resilience.</p> <p><em>Lan Mercado is the Deputy Regional Director in Oxfam in Asia, a passionate campaigner and Filipina.</em></p> <p><em>Photos:<br />1. (Top) Oxfam water facility, after Typhoon Haiyan. Anibong district, Tacloban, Philippines. September 2014. Photo: Simon Roberts/Oxfam</em></p> <p><em>2. Joy and her husband in front of what’s left of their home. Dec 2013. Photo: Lan Mercado/Oxfam</em></p> <p><em>3. (Bottom) Bito, 7, was part of a group of children playing on the beach in San Jose, Tacloban, wearing superhero costumes made from tarps, empty relief goods, and trash bags. Photo: Simon Roberts/Oxfam</em></p> <h3>What you can do</h3> <p><strong>Watch and share: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/multimedia/video/2014-we-are-war-climate-change-and-hunger-yeb-sano">Yeb Saño, Climate Change Commissioner in the Philippines, makes an urgent plea: "We are at war with climate change and hunger"</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Read: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/philippines/philippines-typhoon-haiyan-our-response">More on Oxfam's response to Typhoon Haiyan</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Join: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/node/5266">the campaign to stop climate change making people hungry</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/1856">Follow the Oxfam team at the COP20 UN climate talks in Lima, Peru</a></strong></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>One year after Haiyan hit the Philippines: #MaketheRightMove</h2></div> Sun, 23 Nov 2014 11:12:50 +0000 Lan Mercado 23713 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-11-23-one-year-after-haiyan-hit-philippines-maketherightmove#comments The art of saying "Thank you" http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-02-07-art-saying-thank-you <div class="field field-name-body"><p>We might feel aggrieved when we’ve gone out of our way to do something for someone and receive no word of thanks afterwards. I’m sure most of us have felt that way and have been equally guilty of failing to say ‘thank you’ at some time. But working as part of Oxfam’s emergency response team my colleagues and I don’t expect to receive any thanks from the people we work with. It’s our job and it’s their right to receive help during the worst of times - when a disaster has devastated their lives, families, homes, communities, countries. </p> <p>However, in the Philippines, post <strong><a href="http://oxf.am/wZR" rel="nofollow">Typhoon Haiyan</a></strong>, people and communities have turned saying thank you into a whole art form. Soon after aid agencies responded to the crisis we started to see signs by the roadside, often these were signs saying ‘Please help with food and water’ but these were soon followed by signs saying, <strong>‘Thank you for the food and water.’</strong> </p> <p></p> <p>As the weeks have gone by more and more signs have appeared by the side of the road. Some are hand written, some are printed banners, some are written on boards, some are written on houses.</p> <p>Some list the agencies that have assisted that particular community or family but mostly they are thanking everyone who has come and offered assistance whether from other parts of the Philippines or other countries.</p> <p>The signs haven’t just appeared in one location but have sprung up all over the areas that were hit by Typhoon Haiyan. Some included Christmas and New Year greetings. Others include messages with <strong>Bangon</strong> (‘rise up’) and <strong>Tindog</strong> (‘stand up’) to encourage and boost the morale of families, friends and neighbours. A Filipino colleague explained, ‘The ‘thank you’s are not just about the material things people have received but more about the sense of solidarity they’ve felt with and from the national and international community. It’s really from the heart.’</p> <p>I’ve never been anywhere where this has been so spontaneous and widespread.  I didn’t think we needed to be thanked but seeing all those signs and being thanked by so many people we have come to know and often by complete strangers whilst waiting at the airport, in the supermarket, checking into the hotel, has been very special.</p> <p>To the people of Leyte, Samar and Cebu I would like to say ‘<strong>Maraming salamat po!</strong>’</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Oxfam's response: </strong><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/philippines-typhoon-haiyan" rel="nofollow">Philippines Typhoon Haiyan</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-11-19-learning-lessons-philippines">Learning the lessons of humanitarian response in the Philippines</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>The art of saying &quot;Thank you&quot;</h2></div> Fri, 07 Feb 2014 10:24:47 +0000 Jane Beesley 10590 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-02-07-art-saying-thank-you#comments The simple saw helps the Philippines recover the ‘tree of life’ http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-01-06-simple-saw-helps-philippines-recover-livelihoods <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Typhoon Haiyan caused widespread damage to livelihoods. Among the worst affected, was coconut farming with millions of trees being uprooted, damaged or destroyed.</p> <p>One coconut farmers association estimated the damage to be around 98%. Dubbed as the “tree of life”, it takes between five to seven years for a coconut tree to become productive so recovery will take a long time.</p> Coconut seeds starting to germinate. <p>The land needs to be cleared, as damaged coconut trees are prone to pest infestations, but access is not always easy. Because of the need for shelter materials the team decided that providing sawmills would be a relevant response.</p> <p>Working through existing local farming associations or cooperatives Oxfam is providing portable sawmills, chainsaws, protective clothing, a start up grant, insurance (for health and safety) and training in the management and operation of a lumber producing income generating project.</p> <p>This is not a ‘cash for work’ program but an entrepreneurial approach where we are helping to facilitate the establishment of community based businesses.</p> <p></p> <p>So far, six saw table saws have been purchased and four organizations have been identified. Two farming coorperatives have each now received a saw mill and three chainsaws and are expected to start tree clearance and lumber production soon. The Shelter Cluster in Leyte is very interested in this initiative for replication in other areas as well as being a source for building material.</p> <p>To sum up, Oxfam is running a simple and inexpensive (approximately $7-8,000 per association) project with multiple outcomes including clearing land, income generation for Yolanda survivors, and the production of shelter material.</p> <p>Given recent heavy rains in many Haiyan-affected areas across the Philippines, there is an urgent need to use the fallen trees before they become rotten. We are aiming to expand this project as quickly as possible.</p> <p></p> <p>Oxfam is initially hoping to reach 500,000 people affected by Typhoon Haiyan. Our priority is to reach the most vulnerable families with safe water and sanitation facilities to help protect people from public health risks.</p> <p>You can support <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/haiyan-response" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's Haiyan relief and recovery efforts</a></strong> in the Philippines.</p> <p><em>All photos: Jane Beesley/Oxfam</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Video: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/typhoon-haiyan/philippines-first-step-recovery-tanauan" rel="nofollow">The joy of Haiyan survivors as they receive Oxfam hygiene kits</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Photos: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/typhoon-haiyan/rice-seed-distribution-tacloban" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's rice seed distribution</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>The simple saw helps the Philippines recover the ‘tree of life’</h2></div> Mon, 06 Jan 2014 13:24:16 +0000 Jane Beesley 10566 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-01-06-simple-saw-helps-philippines-recover-livelihoods#comments Après le typhon Haiyan, aux Philippines : un Noël pas comme les autres http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10564 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Sur l’île de Bantayan, au nord de Cebu, j’ai trouvé un ukulélé de fabrication artisanale.</strong> Quand j’ai commencé à en jouer, les gens autour de moi se sont mis à chanter le célèbre chant de Noël « We wish you a merry Christmas ». Je ne sais pas vraiment qui d’entre nous était le plus surpris ! Aux Philippines, on fête Noël en grand. Dans la ville de Cebu, un panneau annonce pas moins de « douze semaines de fêtes de Noël ». Ca ne plaisante pas ! Noël est généralement l’événement le plus important de l’année. Mais cette année n’est pas une année comme les autres.  </p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p><strong>A Santa Cruz, au sud de Tacloban, seuls quelques bâtiments tiennent encore debout.</strong> Des cocotiers jonchent le sol, déracinés, ou coupés en deux. Lorsque le village a été submergé, au moment du passage du typhon Haiyan, une centaine de personnes s’est entassée dans une petite salle située à l’étage d’un bâtiment communautaire. D’autres ont survécu soit parce qu’elles avaient déjà quitté le village soit parce qu’elles ont réussi à s’agripper à l’un des arbres qui ont tenu bon face à l’assaut de la tempête. Leurs bras étroitement enroulés autour des troncs. Au cœur de la tempête, ils criaient, s’encourageaient, s’appelaient pour grimper plus haut dans les arbres, se donner la main les uns aux autres et tenir bon tous ensemble. Je ne sais combien ont survécu. Au moins 300 personnes ont perdu la vie. La plupart ont perdu leur maison, leurs biens, leurs moyens de subsistance.</p> <p><strong>Désormais abrités sous des tentes, ils ne possèdent bien souvent plus que quelques biens de première nécessité</strong> reçus à l’occasion de distributions d’aide humanitaire – de la nourriture, des kits d’hygiène, des matelas, des jerrycans, des ustensiles de cuisine. Alors que je marchais au milieu de décombres, j’ai pourtant eu la surprise de voir, à l’entrée d’une petite échoppe de fortune, un grand Père-Noël, un sapin de Noël et des guirlandes. On aurait dit la grotte du Père Noël ! « Nous avons trouvé ces décorations dans les décombres. Nous les avons nettoyées et accrochées, explique Rowen, 25 ans. Nous tenions à fêter Noël, d’une manière ou d’une autre. » </p> <h3>Un Noël pas comme les autres</h3> <p>Rowen, comme toutes les personnes avec qui j’ai discuté, estime que <strong>« la fête de Noël cette année sera différente des autres années »</strong>. « Nous sommes heureux parce que nous avons survécu alors que d’autres n’ont pas eu cette chance. Nous fêterons bien Noël, mais dans la simplicité, cette année ». La plupart des gens expriment de la reconnaissance pour « la chance » qu’ils ont eue… J’ai entendu plus d’une fois dire : « nous fêterons Noël cette année dans le calme mais nous partagerons cette chance avec les autres ». D’habitude, de nombreuses fêtes sont organisées, on mange en abondance et on dépense beaucoup d’argent. </p> <p>L’un des chauffeurs d’Oxfam m’a raconté que de nombreuses personnes aux Philippines ont décidé, au lieu d’organiser des fêtes ou de dépenser tant d’argent, d’<strong>envoyer leurs économies pour venir en aide aux personnes touchées par le typhon Haiyan.</strong> Un autre chauffeur m’a confié : « Ce genre de choses vous fait apprécier ce qui compte vraiment dans la vie. C’est cela que je célèbrerai et pour lequel je rendrai grâce, ce Noël-ci. » Tous deux viennent de Tacloban.  </p> <h3>Se remettre debout</h3> <p></p> <p>Je vois ces mots, encore et encore, griffonnés sur des murs en ruines ou sur des pancartes, spécialement faites à cette intention : « bangon » et « tindog », « se lever » et « se mettre debout ». Deux mots qui résument bien l’esprit de ces gens. En cette période de Noël, à travers les Philippines et plus particulièrement dans les zones dévastées par le typhon, <strong>les gens se lève et tiennent bon, debout, déterminés</strong> à se soutenir mutuellement et à aider leurs communautés à se remettre de l’une des pires catastrophes qu’aient connue les Philippines.</p> <p><strong>Mais l’ampleur des dégâts est considérable.</strong> Pour une reconstruction durable, à long terme, les individus, les communautés et les Philippines dans leur ensemble ne peuvent rester seuls. </p> <p>De nombreuses personnes aux Philippines passeront ce Noël <strong>sans leurs proches, sans leur maison, sans toit, sans emploi. Mais malgré tout pas sans espoir</strong>. </p> <p>Je passerai pour ma part Noël à Tacloban, cette année. Où que vous soyez, je vous souhaite un joyeux Noël, sain et sauf et en paix.</p> <h3>Sur le même sujet</h3> <p><strong>Rapport d'Oxfam : </strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/policy/typhon-haiyan-actions-menees-principaux-enseignements-reconstruction-philippines" rel="nofollow">Typhon Haiyan : Actions menées et principaux enseignements pour la reconstruction des Philippines</a></p> <p><strong>Vidéo (en anglais) : <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/node/34681" rel="nofollow">Typhon Haiyan aux Philippines : le premier mois d'intervention d'urgence par Oxfam</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/emergencies/typhon-haiyan" rel="nofollow">Typhon Haiyan aux Philippines : l'action d'Oxfam</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Après le typhon Haiyan, aux Philippines : un Noël pas comme les autres</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-23-philippines-christmas-after-typhoon-haiyan" title="Philippines: Christmas after Typhoon Haiyan - rise up, stand up" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-12-23-navidades-en-filipinas-despues-del-typhoon-haiyan-levantarse-y-ponerse-de-pie" title="Navidades en Filipinas después del Typhoon Haiyan: levantarse y ponerse de pie" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 23 Dec 2013 16:47:07 +0000 Jane Beesley 10564 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10564#comments Navidades en Filipinas después del Typhoon Haiyan: levantarse y ponerse de pie http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10563 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>En la isla de Bantayan, en Cebú del Norte, encuentro un ukelele casero. Cuando empiezo a tocarlo, el grupo de gente a mi alrededor se pone a cantar “We wish you a merry Christmas’". No estoy segura de quién es la más sorprendida. La Navidad se celebra a lo grande en Filipinas. En la ciudad de Cebú hay un letrero que pone 'Las doce semanas de Navidad'. Y no bromean. La Navidad es generalmente la mayor festividad del año, pero este no es un año normal.</p> <p><strong>En Santa Cruz, al sur de Taclobán, algunos edificios se mantienen de pie. </strong>Los cocoteros, que en su día fueron arrancados o partidos por la mitad a causa de la fuerza del viento, aún yacen en el suelo Cuando llegó el tifón y el posterior tsunami, un centenar de personas se congregaron en la pequeña habitación de arriba de un edificio comunitario.</p> <p>Otros sobrevivieron porque ya habían dejado el pueblo o lograron aferrarse a los árboles que resistieron la embestida. Sus brazos envolvieron firmemente los troncos. A medida que la marea se precipitó sobre ellos se gritaban el uno al otro para subir más arriba del árbol, unir sus manos y no soltarse. No sé cómo sobrevivieron. <strong>Al menos 300 personas perdieron la vida. Mucha gente perdió su hogar</strong>, sus pertenencias y sus medios de subsistencia</p> <p>Ahora, en tiendas de campaña, las pocas pertenencias que la mayoría tiene son los artículos básicos provenientes de las distribuciones de ayuda - alimentos, kits de higiene, colchonetas, bidones, utensilios de cocina-. Caminando a través de lo que parece un lugar de demolición, me sorprendió ver un pequeño puesto improvisado con un gran Santa Claus, árboles de Navidad y decoraciones festivas colgadas a lo largo de la parte delantera. Parece la gruta de Santa. "Encontramos estos adornos navideños en los escombros, así que los lavamos y los pusimos arriba", explica Rowen, de 25 años. "Queríamos celebrar la Navidad de alguna manera."</p> <h3>Una Navidades diferentes</h3> <p>Rowen, al igual que todas las personas con las que hablo, comenta " <strong>las celebraciones de Navidad de este año serán diferentes a las de otros años</strong>. Estamos contentos porque hemos sobrevivido pero tristes porque otros no lo han hecho. Vamos a celebrar la Navidad, pero, este año, de una manera sencilla.” La mayoría de la gente está agradecida por " la suerte " que ha tenido. Con frecuencia escucho 'Vamos a celebrar la Navidad de una manera tranquila este año, pero compartiremos nuestra buena fortuna con los demás." Normalmente hay un montón de fiestas, mucha comida y se gasta una gran cantidad de dinero. </p> <p>Uno de los conductores de Oxfam me explica que muchas personas en toda Filipinas han decidido no organizarán fiestas para no gastar tanto dinero, en cambio enviarán lo que han ahorrado para apoyar a las personas afectadas por el tifón Haiyan. Otro conductor me dice que 'algo así realmente te hace apreciar lo que importa en la vida. Esto es lo que voy a estar celebrando y agradeciendo esta Navidad." Los dos hombres son de Taclobán.</p> <h3>Levantarse, ponerse de pie</h3> <p></p> <p><strong>Una y otra vez veo dos palabras escritas</strong> como grafitis sobre los restos de las paredes y los edificios o deliberadamente escritas en carteles: <strong>"Bangon" y "Tindog" que significan "levantarse" y "ponerese de pie"</strong>. Creo que estas dos frases resumen el espíritu de la gente. Esta Navidad, en Filipinas, especialmente en las zonas devastadas por el tifón, la gente estará levantándose y poniéndose de pie decidida a apoyar a sus vecinos y sus comunidades para recuperarse de uno de los peores desastres que han azotado el país. Pero el tamaño de la devastación es muy grande. Para una recuperación a largo plazo las personas, las comunidades y Filipinas no pueden estar solos.</p> <p>Mucha gente en las Filipinas pasará esta Navidad sin sus seres queridos, sin techo, sin sus hogares, sin trabajo, pero no sin esperanza. </p> <p>Este año voy a pasar la Navidad en Taclobán pero, donde quiera que estés, te deseo una Navidad feliz, en paz y segura.</p> <h3>Más información</h3> <p><strong>Lee el informe de Oxfam: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/policy/el-tif%C3%B3n-haiyan-respuesta-y-lecciones-clave-para-la-recuperaci%C3%B3n-en-filipinas" rel="nofollow">El Tifón Haiyan: respuesta y lecciones clave para la recuperación en Filipinas</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Mira el vídeo </strong>(solo disponible en inglès)<strong>: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/video/2013/philippines-typhoon-haiyan-oxfam-one-month-response" rel="nofollow">Philippines Typhoon Haiyan: Oxfam's take on the first month of response</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/emergencies/tifon-haiyan" rel="nofollow">Tifón Haiyan en Filipinas: la respuesta de Oxfam</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Navidades en Filipinas después del Typhoon Haiyan: levantarse y ponerse de pie</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-23-philippines-christmas-after-typhoon-haiyan" title="Philippines: Christmas after Typhoon Haiyan - rise up, stand up" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-12-23-apres-typhon-haiyan-philippines-noel-pas-comme-les-autres" title="Après le typhon Haiyan, aux Philippines : un Noël pas comme les autres" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 23 Dec 2013 10:34:58 +0000 Jane Beesley 10563 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10563#comments Philippines: Christmas after Typhoon Haiyan - rise up, stand up http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-23-philippines-christmas-after-typhoon-haiyan <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>On Bantayan Island, North Cebu, I find a home made ukulele.</strong> When I play it the crowd of people around me start singing ‘We wish you a merry Christmas’. I’m not sure who’s the most surprised. Christmas is big in the Philippines. In Cebu City there’s a sign ‘The twelve weeks of Christmas’. They’re not joking. Christmas is normally the biggest event of the year, but this is not a normal year.</p> <p><strong>In Santa Cruz, just south of Tacloban, few buildings remain.</strong> Coconut trees lay uprooted or snapped in half. When the typhoon and storm surge came, one hundred people crowded into the small upstairs room of a community building. Others survived because they’d already left the village or managed to cling to trees that withstood the onslaught. Their arms wrapped tightly around the trunks. As the storm surge rushed in they shouted to each other to climb further up the tree, to lock their hands together and not let go – I don’t know how any of them survived. At least 300 people lost their lives. Most people lost their home, their belongings and livelihood.</p> <p><strong>Now in tents, the few belongings most have are basic items from relief distributions</strong> – food, hygiene kits, mats, jerry cans, kitchen sets. Walking through what looks like a demolition site I was surprised to see a small makeshift stall with a large Santa, Christmas tree and festive decorations strung along the front. It looks like Santa’s grotto. ‘We found these Christmas decorations in the debris so we washed them and put them up,’ explains Rowen (25); ‘We wanted to celebrate Christmas in some way.’</p> <h3>A different Christmas</h3> <p>Rowen, like everyone I speak to says, ‘<strong>Christmas celebrations this year will be different from other years.</strong> We’re happy because we’ve survived but sad because others haven’t. We’ll celebrate Christmas but in a simple way this year.’ Most people are grateful for ‘the good fortune’ they’ve had. I frequently hear, ‘We’ll celebrate Christmas in a quiet way this year but we’ll share our good fortune with others.’ Normally there are a lot of parties, a lot of food eaten and a lot of money spent.</p> <p>One of Oxfam’s vehicle drivers tells me that many people across the Philippines have decided not to have parties, or to spend so much money; instead they will send what they have saved to support people who have been affected by Typhoon Haiyan. Another driver tells me, ‘Something like this really makes you appreciate what really matters in life. This is what I’ll be celebrating and giving thanks for this Christmas.’ Both men are from Tacloban.</p> <h3>Rise up, stand up</h3> <p><strong>Again and again I see two words</strong> written like graffiti on the remains of walls and buildings or purposely written on signs – ‘bangon’ and ‘tindog’ meaning ‘rise up’ and ‘stand up’. I think these two phrases sum up the spirit of the people. This Christmas across the Philippines, especially areas devastated by the typhoon, people will be rising and standing up determined to support their communities and each other to recover from one of the worst disasters to hit the Philippines. But the size of the devastation is so great. For long term recovery the individuals, the communities and the Philippines cannot stand alone.</p> <p>This Christmas many people in the Philippines will be spending it without their loved ones, without roofs, without their homes, without jobs, but they are not without hope.</p> <p>This year I will be spending Christmas in Tacloban but wherever you are I wish you a happy, peaceful and safe Christmas.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Oxfam's report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/typhoon-haiyan-one-month-lessons" rel="nofollow">Typhoon Haiyan: The response so far and vital lessons for the Philippines recovery</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Watch the video: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/video/2013/philippines-typhoon-haiyan-oxfam-one-month-response" rel="nofollow">Philippines Typhoon Haiyan: Oxfam's take on the first month of response</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/typhoon-haiyan" rel="nofollow">Philippines Typhoon Haiyan: Oxfam's response</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Philippines: Christmas after Typhoon Haiyan - rise up, stand up</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-12-23-navidades-en-filipinas-despues-del-typhoon-haiyan-levantarse-y-ponerse-de-pie" title="Navidades en Filipinas después del Typhoon Haiyan: levantarse y ponerse de pie" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-12-23-apres-typhon-haiyan-philippines-noel-pas-comme-les-autres" title="Après le typhon Haiyan, aux Philippines : un Noël pas comme les autres" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 23 Dec 2013 05:00:10 +0000 Jane Beesley 10562 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-23-philippines-christmas-after-typhoon-haiyan#comments One month after Typhoon Haiyan: Rebuilding a just and resilient society http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-11-one-month-after-typhoon-haiyan-rebuilding-just-resilient-society <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>This post was written by Lan Mercado, Oxfam’s Deputy Regional Director in Asia. She served as Oxfam’s Country Director in the Philippines from 2001-2009. It was written with contributions from Shaheen Chugtai, Deputy Head of Oxfam’s Humanitarian and Security Issues Team, and research from Paht Tan-Attanawin, Oxfam Project Officer.</em></p> <p>Two women, hearts broken, hands bruised and bleeding, their faces smeared by tears that fall silently at every hint of memory and by the grime that rises from piled fragments of former homes: one, Marcelina Gallano, an overseas worker in Dubai, following the odor of rot and clawing through rubble to search for the body of her only daughter Girly so she can bury her along with Girly’s children; the other, Rhodora Tiongson, who started a life in Bantayan Island after she fled from Negros and a husband who battered her, hammering scraps of wood and tarp to build herself a shelter. These are the people whose lives Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) destroyed, but remain brave enough to hope for some kind of future. For them and four million others displaced by the disaster, each day spent on the struggle to survive is a day just that – a struggle.</p> <h3>One month on: a snapshot of the response</h3> <p>At around 4:30 on 8 Nov 2013, Tyhoon Haiyan (locally, Yolanda) ploughed central Philippines from east to west, 315km/hour swirling winds dumping volumes of rain and whipping the sea, which rose to as high as 7.5 meters and drowning places along its path, many of which are less than five meters above sea level. By noon, 11.2 million people across nine regions had been affected, thrown into chaos—that’s 13% of the Philippines’ total population. On month on, close to 2,000 are still missing, 5,670 are recorded dead and the number is rising.  The government pegged the total cost of damage at PhP34B, PhP17B ($790M) for damage on infrastructure and PhP17B for damage on agriculture. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs’ (OCHA) most recent estimate of the humanitarian action plan is $348M.</p> <p>One month on, an estimated three million people had received food assistance which includes rice, high energy biscuits and emergency food products. Over 11,300 households had received rice seeds, vegetable seeds, fertilizer and agricultural tools. More than 36,000 households have tarpaulin sheets or tents. Efforts to reach another 400,000 households are underway. About 80% of people still in Tacloban City now have access to clean water, while about 60,000 hygiene kits had been distributed altogether. These plus health care, protective services and cash transfers are helping to keep families alive, prevent outbreaks of disease, and rebuild livelihoods.</p> <p>But there remains a long way to go. Compared to urban areas, remote rural communities only have local charitable initiatives, individual benefactors, businesses and churches as lifelines—at least in the first three weeks. Aid is inadequate, and hunger and malnutrition are stalking survivors. Eastern Visayas has received the bulk of attention, followed by Central Visayas. Western Visayas has received very little.</p> <p>Yet, compared to other disasters, the world was very generous to this one. Within the first three weeks of the response, US$391 million in humanitarian assistance was delivered. According to Oxfam’s initial analysis, a large number of countries gave far more than their “fair share” of the total (relative to their Gross National Income): large donors such as the UK, the US, Japan, Australia, Canada, Sweden, the Netherlands, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, but also smaller countries like Denmark, Luxembourg, and New Zealand. A number of Persian Gulf countries and multilateral organizations such as the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the European Commission gave substantial amounts, and so did countless private individuals all over the world.</p> <p></p> <h3>ASEAN response</h3> <p>The regional disaster response mechanisms provided by the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) swung into motion. A team from the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA Centre) was on the ground on Day 2 to help the government assess the scale of the disaster and coordinate the regional response.</p> <p>Funds, search and rescue missions, military assets to support the response, drinking water and tons of rice, medicines, medical personnel, and field hospitals were deployed by Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam also sent goods and medicines and pledged more funds for the response.</p> <p>Citizens from a number of ASEAN countries mobilised to collect donations in cash or in-kind, and found ways to send these to the Philippines either through individual Filipinos, NGOs or Philippine embassies.</p> <h3>To be poor is to be vulnerable</h3> <p>To struggle for dignity and decency is not new to the likes of Marcelina and Rhodora. Poverty has long been the story of the places that Haiyan pummelled. Eastern Visayas is the country’s third poorest region, and first on the list of areas with the highest income inequality. In 2012, 37% of its population or 1.7 million people were subsisting with less than P90 a day, the rough equivalent of the global $2/day poverty line.</p> <p>Farmers and fisherfolks are poor because agriculture suffers from chronic underinvestment. For example, the lack of roads constrains farmers and fisherfolks’ access to markets. The inadequacy of infrastructure and transport is an obstacle to inclusive economic growth, and a hindrance to disaster relief efforts that could not easily fan out to areas outside of urban areas. More importantly, agrarian reform is weakly implemented. Across all the provinces hit by Haiyan, hectares and hectares of farmland remain in the control of rich families, representing 12% of total lands waiting to be distributed. Lack of tenurial security also threatens fishing households who are evicted to give way to resorts and other private investments favoured by government in foreshore areas and coastal zones. Naturally, poor people search for better opportunities, often in cities, sometimes overseas. Many, however, still end up poor.</p> <p>This is also a place where women face obstacles, despite the Philippines being ranked 5th in the world for narrowing the gender gap. Men dominate the workforce, with only 50% of women participating in it. In urban areas, women hold white-collar jobs, but many are in the informal sector where legal protection is absent. Gender inequalities in access to resources, entitlements, and the division of household labor make rural women the poorest of the poor in Eastern Visayas. Such poverty has made women and children vulnerable to human trafficking, and earned for Eastern Visayas the notoriety of a hotspot.</p> <p>The record-breaking strength of Typhoon Haiyan was a major factor in the devastation that happened, but poverty and inequality were the underlying causes of vulnerability for the majority of the displaced. When Typhoon Haiyan hit, one-third of Tacloban’s homes had wooden exterior walls, and one in seven homes had grass roofs. Even with a lesser storm, the level of damage to shoddy housing would have caused poor people to rebuild damaged or lost homes with money they didn’t have.</p> <p></p> <h3>Three Rs needed: Recovery, rehabilitation, risk-reduction</h3> <p>The humanitarian response is still gathering pace, but President Benigno Aquino has already approved a 3-phase plan for the recovery and rehabilitation of areas and communities ravaged by Typhoon Haiyan. The move is a welcome one, especially as it signalled leadership. According to Malacañang, the plan’s phases include immediate assistance to affected areas, the expansion of initiatives and programs in the medium term, and full recovery and rehabilitation in the long term. It focuses on shelter and reconstruction, power restoration, livelihood and employment, environment and resettlement, psychosocial care, and resource generation and allocation.</p> <p>President Aquino appointed former Senator Panfilo Lacson to lead the rehabilitation. In interviews, Mr. Lacson said that he had discussed the rebuilding of land titles and records that were lost during the typhoon with the Land Registration Authority. He is concerned about land grabbers, new zoning codes, and the difficulty of restoring houses and government buildings without knowing the real owners.</p> <p>Rehabilitating the storm-ravaged areas presents a valuable opportunity for addressing the very conditions that make poor people vulnerable. Typhoon Haiyan ripped the structures off the land as if to symbolically give our country the chance to replace iniquitous old arrangements with new, just and risk-reducing social, cultural, economic and political institutions.</p> <p>This early, no-build zones along foreshore lands are being mentioned, and the relocation and resettlement of fisherfolk’ communities implied since municipal fishers usually establish their settlements here. But the enactment of the Philippine Fisheries Code in 1998 stipulates the zoning of fisherfolk settlements near fishing grounds, and protects their rights to settlements along areas where their livelihoods depend.</p> <p>Relocation and resettlement issues, especially for coastal communities must be consulted and agreed with fishing communities, for without access to the sea, they will wither and die. Municipal fishers contribute 36% to the P80M total value of fisheries production in 2011, compared to only 26% from commercial fisheries. Western Visayas’ produced 450,886 metric tons (MT); Eastern Visayas, nearly 210,000 MT; Central Visayas 240,073 MT. The Department of Agriculture placed the total number of affected farming and fishing households at 202,410, or a total of 865,305 individuals or 22% of those displaced.</p> <p>Fisherfolk settlement areas must be assigned as part of a comprehensive land use plan developed and agreed with them by the local government. This should likewise ensure security of tenure, as most foreshoreland where fisherfolk settle are public lands. Discussion of less risky settlement areas for fishing communities must be done not only in consideration of their marine-based livelihoods, but also of their role as stewards and resource managers.</p> <p>Strong ecosystems and improved natural resource management support livelihoods and biodiversity, and can reduce disaster risk by providing environmental buffers. In Philippine coastal areas, rural women manage mangrove forests and marine sanctuaries as part of broad adaptation interventions. These women-managed areas reflect the unique role and contribution of rural women in leading and managing natural resources upon which they depend for livelihoods. Communities should be supported to identify priority opportunities that improve the quality of coastal defenses, such as replanting mangrove forests where appropriate. Mangroves can reduce storm surge levels by up to half a meter for each kilometer of mangrove that the storm surge passes through, and reduce the height of wind and swell waves by 13- 66% within the first 100m of mangroves.</p> <p>A previous major disaster, Typhoon Ketsana (Ondoy), pushed Congress to pass the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act and shifted the country’s disaster management paradigm from reactive to proactive. If Typhoon Haiyan can move the National Land Use Act (NLUA) from a proposed bill into law, it will do a lot to frontload risk reduction in development planning. NLUA prioritizes life and safety, and thus states that extremely hazardous and high risk zones must be cleared from all forms of human-made constructions, which means settlements and big private investments. Under it, land use and physical planning must identify, determine and evaluate appropriate land use and allocation patterns such that disaster risk reduction, climate-risk based planning, and the meaningful participation of the basic social sectors are promoted. People’s participation is crucial since NLUA also states that settlements within geohazard areas shall not be allowed. Where   geohazard zones have existing settlements, concerned government agencies shall assist local governments and settlers in “instituting safety and corrective measures to address the potential danger or risk.”</p> <p></p> <h3>Lessons from Typhoon Ondoy in 2009</h3> <p>Comparisons were being made between the Philippines and Haiti, Japan and Aceh in Indonesia where disasters also wrought destruction and despair. We don’t need to go outside the country for post-disaster lessons that led to better local governance.</p> <p>Aside from Albay, the country’s leading light on DRR, the municipal and provincial governments of Rizal and Laguna have effective local institutions that plan, spend and partner with communities and civil society in using hazard maps and early warning systems, building the capacity to respond, and understanding and implementing the PDDRM law. Many factors drove the change, but the political commitment of the government and the engagement and cooperation of people were the most crucial.</p> <p>Technical fixes are important but real rebuilding starts here, in improving the capacity of communities and local governments. In a region with major deficiencies in delivering public services and targeting poverty reduction programmes, national and local government must work shoulder-to-shoulder with a range of actors to pick up the pieces and rebuild a better, more resilient society.</p> <p><em>Lan Mercado is Oxfam’s Deputy Regional Director in Asia. She served as Oxfam’s Country Director in the Philippines from 2001-2009. This article was written with contributions from Shaheen Chugtai, Deputy Head of Oxfam’s Humanitarian and Security Issues Team, and research from Paht Tan-Attanawin, Oxfam Project Officer.</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Oxfam's report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/typhoon-haiyan-one-month-lessons" rel="nofollow">Typhoon Haiyan: The response so far and vital lessons for the Philippines recovery</a></strong><em><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/typhoon-haiyan-one-month-lessons" rel="nofollow"></a></em></p> <p><strong>Watch the video: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/video/2013/philippines-typhoon-haiyan-oxfam-one-month-response" rel="nofollow">Philippines Typhoon Haiyan: Oxfam's take on the first month of response</a><em></em></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>One month after Typhoon Haiyan: Rebuilding a just and resilient society</h2></div> Wed, 11 Dec 2013 16:32:50 +0000 Lan Mercado 10555 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-12-11-one-month-after-typhoon-haiyan-rebuilding-just-resilient-society#comments Resurgir de entre los escombros en Filipinas http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10529 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Por Cherian Matthews, Director Regional de Oxfam en Asia</em></p> <p><strong>Acabo de volver de visitar las zonas devastadas por el tifón en Daanbantayan y la isla de Bantayan, en la provincia de Cebú (Filipinas)</strong>. Cuando llegué, las imágenes de la destrucción sufrida no paraban de repetirse en mi cabeza, con los rostros desamparados de mujeres, niños, niñas y familias que la televisión no paraba de mostrar. Pero <strong>he vuelto lleno de inspiración y conmovido por la resiliencia demostrada</strong> por las comunidades afectadas, las agencias gubernamentales y los voluntarios y voluntarias. En las zonas que he visitado, las personas se están recuperando rápidamente de la tragedia causada por el tifón Haiyan.</p> <p>Nada más llegar al aeropuerto de Cebú, me dirigí junto a mis compañeros a Daanbantayan donde Oxfam iba a distribuir ayuda. A medida que atravesábamos el país, me daba cuenta de la magnitud del desastre: árboles arrancados de raíz, casas destruidas, postes eléctricos caídos, iglesias sin tejado... Parecía que los vientos huracanados lo habían barrido todo. Y, sin embargo, los miembros del departamento del Gobierno encargado del suministro de electricidad parecían decididos a trabajar sin descanso para reparar los daños.</p> <p>Grupos de personas despejaban las carreteras, cortaban las ramas rotas de los árboles y quemaban los escombros acumulados. Las personas reconstruían sus casas, algunos agricultores volvían a labrar sus campos y los pequeños mercados y algunos negocios bullían de actividad. Hombres, mujeres, niños y niñas volvían a sus casas desde los centros de distribución con artículos de ayuda en sus manos. Sus rostros reflejaban la determinación de luchar y reconstruir sus vidas lo más pronto posible.</p> <h3>Rostros de esperanza</h3> <p><strong>Los rostros "desamparados" que había visto en la televisión fueron remplazados rápidamente</strong> por estas imágenes de "esperanza y dignidad". Es cierto que les llevará meses a las comunidades damnificadas recuperarse completamente de este desastre. Pero es un comienzo prometedor.</p> <p>Cuando llegué al centro de distribución en PayPay (Barangay), situado en las instalaciones de una escuela municipal, vi como las mujeres y los hombres esperaban pacientemente en fila para recibir los kits con material de ayuda. Funcionarios locales y voluntarios ayudaban al personal de Oxfam a distribuirlos. Allí conocí a un joven veinteañero llamado Ian que gritaba dando instrucciones de forma enérgica y desenfadada. "Mi familia también se ha visto afectada por este desastre. Pero quiero ayudar a mi comunidad desde aquí. Presto apoyo al equipo de Oxfam en esta zona y, cuando puedo sacar algo de tiempo, vuelvo donde mi familia para ayudarles", me dijo con orgullo y entusiasmo.</p> <p>El director de la escuela me contó que ésta había sido el refugio de muchas familias desde el tifón. Ahora, la mayoría ha vuelto a sus hogares aunque algunas aún no han podido hacerlo. "Estoy decidido a reabrir la escuela la próxima semana. En cierto modo, ayudará a los niños y a las niñas a superar esta tragedia. Al menos contribuirá a que haya un sentimiento de normalidad", afirmaba el director. Él y sus compañeros y compañeras se aseguran, junto a los funcionarios locales, de que las operaciones de ayuda se realicen sin alteraciones.</p> <p>Para llegar a la isla de Bantayan, es necesario viajar en ferry durante más de una hora. Mientras esperábamos al ferry en el muelle, una mujer de más de sesenta años nos guió hasta su puesto donde vendía té. "Cuando llegó el tifón me refugié en este puesto. Mi casa ha quedado completamente destruida por eso ahora vivo en esta pequeña tienda", nos contaba mientras nos enseñaba un refugio provisional que había montado en su puesto de té. "Los primeros dos días no había ni agua ni electricidad. Tenía hambre y sed. Ahora que el ferry ha comenzado a funcionar de nuevo, el negocio ha mejorado", Me sentí conmovido por su amabilidad y sus muestras de esperanza a pesar de haber pedido su casa y sus pertenencias y encontrarse desplazada.</p> <p>En la isla de Bantayan, conocí al señor Jose B. Esgana, alcalde del municipio de Santa Fe. Nos llevó hasta su oficina y nos explicó cuál había sido la magnitud de la destrucción en el área municipal. "Llegué al cargo en julio de 2013 y, desde entonces, estudiaba las diversas necesidades de desarrollo de la zona. Pero este desastre me ha sobrepasado. Necesito mucho apoyo de mi comunidad", pedía. Su mujer y su hija también estaban en la oficina. Le prestan apoyo para coordinar las distintas iniciativas de ayuda.</p> <h3>Recuperar medios de vida</h3> <p>"A medida que nos adentramos en la fase de recuperación, necesitamos más ayuda en forma de dinero en metálico y no en forma de bienes. Esto ayudará a la comunidad a recuperar por sí misma sus medios de vida y sus casas. También contribuirá a mejorar la economía local", añadió. El alcalde ha ofrecido a Oxfam un lugar en el que montar un centro de coordinación. Desde Oxfam estamos estudiando distintos programas de recuperación a largo plazo para poner en marcha en la isla con el objetivo de dar apoyo a las comunidades afectadas.</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/OGB_83256_IMG_3752-scr.jpg" target="_blank"></a></p> <p>Tras esta visita me trasladé a Madridejos, otro municipio en el que Oxfam ha comenzado a distribuir kits de higiene. De camino, de nuevo me di cuenta de la magnitud de la devastación. Me llamó la atención ver toda una fila de granjas de aves. Me contaron que la isla de Bantayan, y en especial el municipio de Madridejos, es famosa por la producción de carne de ave. El tifón destruyó las jaulas de las gallinas, por eso las comunidades han comenzado a arreglar la parte superior de las jaulas.</p> <p>En el centro de distribución, me uní a los miembros del personal de Oxfam y del voluntariado para prestarles apoyo en el reparto. <strong>Los miembros de la comunidad se acercaban y aceptaban los cupones de ayuda con una sonrisa</strong>. Mientras estuve allí, experimenté diversas emociones. Una mujer agarró mi mano y no paró de darme las gracias. Me dejó sin palabras. Yo pensaba que Oxfam era solo uno de los distintos canales disponibles para movilizar y distribuir la ayuda de generosos donantes. Esta mujer tenía derecho a recibir ayuda. Sin saber qué decir, le sonreí y dije "salamat po", que significa "gracias" en tagalo.</p> <p>Aquella tarde me senté junto a los voluntarios y al equipo de Oxfam responsable de coordinar las operaciones de ayuda en los tres municipios principales de la isla de Bantayan. Analizamos el trabajo realizado y planificamos el del día siguiente. Cada una de las personas compartió los éxitos y los desafíos encontrados. Estaban agotadas pero, al mismo tiempo, podía ver una chispa en sus ojos al fijar objetivos para el día siguiente: el número de familias o personas a los que proporcionarían ayuda. Cuando acabe de escribir este post, Oxfam habrá proporcionado ayuda a 25.000 personas en las zonas afectadas por el tifón Haiyan.</p> <p>Al día siguiente, dejé la isla de Bantayan. Sentado en el ferry, observé la isla que dejaba atrás y <strong>pude ver claramente a las personas de Bantayan poniéndose en pie, una vez más</strong>.</p> <p><em>Publicado originalmente por <a href="http://www.oxfamblogs.org/philippines/rising-from-the-rubble.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam en Filipinas</strong></a></em><a href="http://www.oxfamblogs.org/philippines/rising-from-the-rubble.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <h3>Más información</h3> <p><strong>Conoce la respuesta de Oxfam y como puedes hacer un donativo para los afectados por el <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/emergencies/tifon-haiyan" rel="nofollow">Tifón Haiyan en Filipinas</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Resurgir de entre los escombros en Filipinas</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-11-26-rising-rubble-philippines" title="Rising from the rubble in the Philippines" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-11-27-apres-typhon-philippines-renaitre-decombres" title="Après le typhon Haiyan aux Philippines, renaître des décombres" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 27 Nov 2013 15:42:31 +0000 Joel M Bassuk 10529 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10529#comments Après le typhon Haiyan aux Philippines, renaître des décombres http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10528 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Par Cherian Mathews, directeur régional d’Oxfam Asie</em></p> <p><strong>Je reviens tout juste des zones sinistrées par le typhon à Daanbantayan et sur l’île de Bantayan, dans la province de Cebu, aux Philippines.</strong> À l’aller, j’avais la tête pleine des scènes de destruction et des visages désespérés de femmes et d’enfants que diffusaient les chaînes de télévision. Mais je suis revenu enthousiasmé et ému par l’énergie dont font preuve les communautés sinistrées, les autorités locales et les bénévoles face à l’adversité. Dans les régions où je me suis rendu, les gens se remettent très vite de la tragédie causée par le typhon Haiyan.</p> <h3>Déterminés à reconstruire</h3> <p>De l’aéroport de Cebu, je suis directement parti avec mes collègues pour la région de Daanbantayan où Oxfam allait distribuer de l’aide. Alors que les paysages défilaient, j’ai pu prendre la mesure des destructions : arbres déracinés, habitations démolies, poteaux électriques abattus, églises sans toit... Rien ne semblait avoir résisté à la violence des vents. Sans se laisser décourager, les équipes des services publics d’électricité s’affairaient à réparer les dégâts tandis que d’autres groupes dégageaient la route, coupant les branches cassées et brûlant les déchets et décombres accumulés. Dans nombre d’habitations, les travaux de reconstruction avaient commencé. <strong>J’ai vu quelques agriculteurs de retour aux champs, et des petits marchés et des commerces en pleine effervescence.</strong> Des hommes, des femmes et des enfants rentraient chez eux les mains chargées de biens de première nécessité après une distribution. La détermination à se battre et reconstruire sa vie au plus vite se lisait sur les visages.</p> <p><strong>Les images d’impuissance que j’avais vues à la télévision ont bientôt fait place à des <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/sets/72157637692189826/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">images d’espoir</a> et de dignité.</strong> Certes, il faudra des mois aux communautés sinistrées pour se remettre pleinement de cette catastrophe. Mais c’est un début prometteur.</p> <p>À mon arrivée sur le lieu de distribution de PayPay Barangay, dans les locaux de l’école communale, des femmes et des hommes faisaient patiemment la file pour recevoir les colis d’aide. Des responsables locaux et des bénévoles aidaient le personnel d’Oxfam à procéder à la distribution. J’y ai fait la connaissance d’un jeune homme dynamique d’une vingtaine d’années, appelé Ian. Il hélait les gens et leur donnait des instructions sur un ton enjoué. « Ma propre famille et des proches ont été touchés par la catastrophe. Mais<strong> je tiens à aider ma communauté.</strong> <strong>J’apporte mon soutien à l’équipe d’Oxfam</strong> dans cette région-ci. Entre-deux, je trouve le temps de retourner auprès de ma famille pour donner un coup de main », explique-t-il avec enthousiasme et fierté.</p> <h3>Rouvrir l'école, pour avoir le sentiment d'un retour à la normalité</h3> <p>Selon le directeur, l’école a hébergé de nombreuses familles depuis le passage du typhon. La plupart d’entre elles sont maintenant rentrées chez elles, même quelques-unes doivent encore s’y attarder. « Je suis fermement décidé à rouvrir l’école la semaine prochaine. Cela aidera les enfants à se remettre quelque peu de la tragédie, en leur donnant comme un sentiment de retour à la normalité », déclare le directeur. Avec ses collègues et les responsables locaux, il veille au bon déroulement des secours.</p> <p>Pour atteindre l’île de Bantayan, il faut prendre un ferry ; la traversée dure plus d’une heure. Pendant que nous attendions sur l’embarcadère, une femme de près de 70 ans nous a invités dans sa buvette. « Quand le typhon s’est abattu, je me suis réfugiée ici. Ma maison a été complètement détruite, et je vis encore dans cette boutique, raconte-t-elle montrant son logement de fortune. <strong>Les deux premiers jours, il n’y avait plus ni eau ni électricité. J’avais faim et soif.</strong> Maintenant les affaires reprennent avec la remise en service du ferry. » Bien qu’elle ait perdu son toit et ses biens, elle s’exprimait avec chaleur et espoir. C’était touchant.</p> <h3>Relancer l'économie locale</h3> <p>Sur l’île de Bantayan, j’ai rencontré Jose B. Esgana, le maire de Santa Fe. Il nous a introduits dans son bureau et nous a expliqué l’ampleur des destructions dans sa commune. « Je suis entré en fonction en juillet 2013 et j’étudiais différents besoins de développement dans la région. Mais avec cette catastrophe, je suis complètement débordé. J’ai besoin de beaucoup de soutien pour pouvoir aider ma communauté », plaide-t-il. Dans le bureau, sa femme et sa fille prêtaient main forte avec la coordination de l’assistance.</p> Rowena Inso avec le kit Oxfam d’hygiène et de purification de l’eau qu’elle vient de recevoir. Elle se réjouit de ne plus devoir dormir à même le sol de terre battue. Photo : Anne Wright/Oxfam <p>« Maintenant que nous entrons en phase de relèvement, nous n’avons plus tant besoin d’articles de première nécessité que d’aide en espèces. <strong>Cela permettra aux communautés de reconstruire leur vie comme elles l’entendent.</strong> Cela permettra également de relancer notre économie locale », ajoute-t-il. Jose B. Esgana a proposé à Oxfam d'installer son centre de coordination à la mairie, puisque l’organisation cherche à mettre en place des programmes de rétablissement à long terme sur l’île, en aide aux communautés sinistrées.</p> <p>Puis, je me suis rendu dans une autre commune, à Madridejos où Oxfam a commencé à distribuer ses kits d’hygiène. En chemin, j’ai de nouveau été témoin de l’ampleur de la dévastation. Fait intéressant, j’ai aussi remarqué des rangées de poulaillers familiaux. L’île de Bantayan, et plus particulièrement la commune de Madridejos, est connue pour sa production avicole. <strong>Les poulaillers ont été détruits par le typhon et les communautés ont commencé à en réparer les toits.</strong></p> <h3>« Salamat po », merci !</h3> <p>Au centre de distribution, je me suis joint aux bénévoles et au personnel d’Oxfam pour leur donner un coup de main avec la distribution. Les membres de la communauté se présentaient et acceptaient les bons d’achat le sourire aux lèvres. <strong>Pendant cette distribution, plusieurs sentiments se sont bousculés en moi.</strong> Une femme m’a pris la main et m’a remercié avec effusion. J’en suis resté sans voix, pensant qu’Oxfam n’est qu’un des nombreux canaux par lesquels l’aide mobilisée grâce à la générosité des donateurs est distribuée. Bénéficier d’une aide est un droit pour cette femme. Ne sachant pas quoi répondre, je lui ai souri et ai simplement dit « Salamat po », ce qui veut dire merci en tagalog.</p> <p>Le soir, j’ai assisté à la réunion entre les bénévoles et les collègues d’Oxfam en charge des opérations de secours dans les trois communes de l’île de Bantayan. Nous avons évalué le travail de la journée et planifié les activités du lendemain. Chacun a fait part des résultats obtenus et des difficultés rencontrées. <strong>Toutes et tous étaient épuisés, mais des étincelles brillaient dans leurs yeux</strong> tandis qu’ils établissaient les objectifs du lendemain, le nombre de familles ou de personnes sinistrées auxquels ils porteraient assistance. Au moment où j’écris ces mots, plus de 25 000 personnes ont déjà bénéficié de l’aide d’Oxfam dans les régions touchées par le typhon Haiyan.</p> <p>Le lendemain matin, je quittais l’île de Bantayan. À bord du ferry, alors que je regardais l’île s’éloigner, je pouvais clairement voir les habitants de l’île de Bantayan renaître.</p> <p><strong>Vous souhaitez contribuer à l'action d'Oxfam aux Philippines ? Vous pouvez <a href="http://ow.ly/qJl4K" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">faire un don</a> dès à présent</strong></p> <p><strong>Si vous souhaitez en savoir plus sur nos opérations aux Philippines et l'utilisation de vos dons, consultez notre page consacrée au <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/emergencies/typhon-haiyan" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">typhon Haiyan aux Philippines</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Après le typhon Haiyan aux Philippines, renaître des décombres</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-11-26-rising-rubble-philippines" title="Rising from the rubble in the Philippines" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-11-27-resurgir-de-entre-los-escombros-en-filipinas" title="Resurgir de entre los escombros en Filipinas" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Wed, 27 Nov 2013 15:12:57 +0000 Joel M Bassuk 10528 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10528#comments