Oxfam International Blogs - even it up http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/even-it en You told drug giant Johnson & Johnson to pay its fair share of tax - We made sure they heard the message! http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/19-05-31-you-told-drug-giant-johnson-johnson-pay-its-fair-share-tax-we-made-sure-they-heard <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>You helped pile on the pressure and Johnson &amp; Johnson – the company behind products like Baby Shampoo and Neutrogena - has heard you. Thank you. </strong></p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr" xml:lang="en">Johnson and Johnson says they pay their fair share in taxes but in reality they dodge billions of dollars in taxes that could fund health care and schools. We went inside their shareholder meeting to deliver your petitions and tell them <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/NoMoreTaxDodging?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#NoMoreTaxDodging</a>. <a href="https://twitter.com/JNJCares?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@JNJCares</a> <a href="https://t.co/8NeG0PuSJS">pic.twitter.com/8NeG0PuSJS</a></p> <p>— Oxfam America (@OxfamAmerica) <a href="https://twitter.com/OxfamAmerica/status/1124398499410468865?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">May 3, 2019</a></p></blockquote> <p>The company says it is committed to maintaining reasonable prices for its medicines and bearing its fair share of taxes. But in reality they dodge billions in taxes that could fund health care and schools.</p> <p>That’s why the petition you signed, telling Johnson &amp; Johnson to pay its fair share of taxes, stop rigging government rules and make medicines affordable, is so important. We delivered the petition, signed by over 170,000 people, inside their shareholder meeting on April 25 2019 in New Jersey, US.</p> <p>We will continue to put pressure on Johnson &amp; Johnson to improve its tax affairs and drug pricing. But without your help we couldn’t have achieved what we have.</p> <p>We went face to face with drug giant Johnson &amp; Johnson at its shareholder meeting on April 25 2019. We told bosses to factor public concerns over high drug prices into their executive pay packages and delivered 170,000 global petition signatures calling on them to pay their fair share of taxes and stop rigging the rules in their favor.</p> <p>Just a few days before, we released analysis showing that Johnson &amp; Johnson and three other US pharmaceutical giants had made an extra $7 billion in profits thanks to President Trump’s 2017 tax cut. That was on the heels of our Prescription for Poverty report last September that revealed Big Pharma was already dodging as much as $4 billion each year in taxes.</p> <p>Prior to the meeting, the company’s lawyers filed a flurry of legal briefs to prevent our proposal from getting any sort of consideration by its shareholders. But we fought back and won the right for the shareholder vote to go ahead. Turns out Oxfam wasn’t the only one concerned about their practices. Our shareholder proposal on drug pricing risks won support from nearly a third of the company’s shareholders.</p> <p><strong>Our call for corporate leadership</strong></p> <p>The meeting was tightly scripted, with the CEO reading his remarks off a teleprompter in the back of the room. When it was our turn to present our resolution, a giant clock ticked down from two minutes—the maximum amount of time we were allowed to describe how Johnson &amp; Johnson’s sky-high drug prices and artificially low tax payments were robbing countries of money that could pay for vaccines, schools, and nurses.</p> <p><strong>Live your values</strong></p> <p>Throughout the meeting, Johnson &amp; Johnson’s company vision was everywhere. Written more than 75 years ago, it commits the company to “maintain reasonable prices” and to “bear its fair share of taxes.” Every single attendee received a booklet with it printed on the back cover; the words were projected on the wall; and a promotional video showcased it literally being etched in stone at the company’s headquarters.</p> <p>But the company’s behaviour on drug prices and taxes does not match its promises and, thanks to tens of thousands of you who signed the petition, we told them how they must change.</p> <p><em>Entry published on May 31, by Robbie Silverman, Advocacy Manager, Oxfam America and Chris Worrall, Campaign Project Manager Oxfam GB.</em></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>You told drug giant Johnson &amp; Johnson to pay its fair share of tax - We made sure they heard the message!</h2></div> Fri, 31 May 2019 12:19:22 +0000 Oxfam International 81983 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/19-05-31-you-told-drug-giant-johnson-johnson-pay-its-fair-share-tax-we-made-sure-they-heard#comments It's not really about Oxfam's shocking inequality stat—or is it? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-02-21-its-not-really-about-oxfams-shocking-inequality-stat-is-it <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Oxfam’s recent assessment on the growing global gap between the rich and the poor is shocking: <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2017-01-16/just-8-men-own-same-wealth-half-world">just 8 men now have as much wealth</a> as the poorest 3.6 billion people. This is a sobering and eye-opening estimate that we have calculated and released to sound the alarm yet again on the global problem of income and wealth inequality.<br /><br />Our report has received a lot of media attention here in the US and around the world, but there’s also been a critic or two. In the piece last week, “<a href="https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/oxfam-report-inequality-flawed-data/">Inequality Is Bad, But Not as Bad as Recent Report Claims</a>,” Global Citizen staff suggested that Oxfam’s methodology for calculating global wealth “is flawed in a few significant ways.” We beg to differ.</p> <p> </p><h3>Digging into inequality data</h3> <p>For our calculation, Oxfam relied on the analysis of renowned economists who lead Credit Suisse’s team charged with calculating the global wealth distribution. These guys are the experts to ask: <em>how bad is global wealth inequality?</em><br /><br />Global Citizen also claims that <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/tb-economy-99-percent-methodology-160117-en.pdf">our methodology</a> is flawed – because we omit healthcare, education, housing and income from our measurement of wealth.</p> <p>While healthcare and education are pertinent considerations in a holistic assessment of wellbeing, they are outside the scope of what we explicitly claim to be comparing – wealth. Wealth, according to Credit Suisse, includes the value of financial assets plus real estate owned by households, minus their debts. That includes housing.</p> <p>As far as income is concerned, well, that’s not the same thing as wealth. Wealth is the amount an individual owns at a given point, made up of all their financial and non-financial assets, including property, minus any debts. It is possible for someone with high net wealth to have a low income – for example a retiree who owns a house and has investments – and vice versa. Usually wealth and income are correlated – so that those with the highest incomes tend to have the greatest wealth.</p> <p> </p><h3>Celebrating falling poverty</h3> <p>Global Citizen staff also claim that <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/economy-99">our most recent report</a> “fails to stress the scope of poverty reduction around the world.” But here’s a quote from the first page: “Hundreds of millions of people have been lifted out of poverty in recent decades, an achievement of which the world should be proud.”</p> <p>Indeed, it’s great news that the number of people living in extreme poverty (on less than $2 a day) halved between 1990 and 2010. Yet many of those who escaped extreme poverty –maybe they earn $2.10 a day now rather than $1.90 – still face a daily struggle to put food on the table, pay for their children’s education or buy medicine when they are sick.</p> <p><strong>In a world where 1 in 10 people live on less than $2 a day</strong> and 1 in 9 of us goes to bed hungry every night there is can be no room for complacency. Extreme inequality traps people in poverty and must be stopped - 700 million more people would not be living in poverty today if action had been taken to reduce the gap between rich and poor.</p> <p>The World Bank agrees – it has said that eliminating poverty will be impossible unless we simultaneously act to close the gap between rich and poor. The bottom line is that we cannot end poverty if inequality is not tackled. 700 million more people would not be living in poverty today if action had been taken to reduce the gap between rich and poor.</p> <p> </p><h3>Inequality fuels poverty</h3> <p>Extreme inequality actually undermines efforts to help reduce poverty. And the power concentrated in the hands of the wealthy prevents the necessary policy changes that would push our economy to be more equitable.</p> <p>That’s what our stat shows. It is indeed meant to shock, to spark conversation, and to enable us to be heard when we push for specific changes in our political system and economy that will reduce poverty. And the evidence is that this stat is extremely effective at accomplishing its goal. It is by far the most attention-getting single piece of information that Oxfam publishes, and it helps mobilize hundreds of thousands of people to take-action around the world.</p> <p>Oxfam also puts out hundreds of thousands of words of research in gloriously wonky detail every single year about the underlying causes and solutions to poverty and inequality, but this single stat dwarfs them all when it comes sparking discussion. That’s probably why some critics are more apt to focus on it than the other 36 pages in the report, or anything else we publish.</p> <p> </p><h3>Shocking but true</h3> <p>No stat is perfect, this one is no exception. But it happens to be immensely powerful in pushing people to pay attention and act. It’s also factually correct.</p> <p>Inequality is not inevitable. It is a political choice our leaders make every day, with every law they pass and every regulation they write or dismantle.</p> <p>Here’s hoping Global Citizen staff and every one of you will join us to <a href="https://actions.oxfam.org/international/davos-international/petition/">urge our leaders to take urgent action</a> against extreme inequality.</p> <iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="385" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/2x4jbN6_q5Q?list=PL6aUYrLXCUPSe7c1V56IdX4ZlVn-IBU8m" width="690"></iframe><p> </p><h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="https://actions.oxfam.org/international/davos-international/petition/"><strong>Join the movement to end extreme inequality</strong></a></p> <p><em>This entry posted by Nick Galasso (<a href="https://twitter.com/vngalasso">@vngalasso</a>), Oxfam International’s Head of Office in Washington, DC on 21 February 2017. Originally published by <a href="https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/inequality-is-worse-than-you-think-and-yes-we-have/">Global Citizen</a>.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><em> </em></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>It&#039;s not really about Oxfam&#039;s shocking inequality stat—or is it?</h2></div> Tue, 21 Feb 2017 17:25:43 +0000 Nick Galasso 80943 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-02-21-its-not-really-about-oxfams-shocking-inequality-stat-is-it#comments Why do the tax affairs of a wealthy European Duchy matter to Oxfam? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-11-05-why-do-tax-affairs-wealthy-european-duchy-matter-oxfam <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Today is the 1 year anniversary of <a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23LuxLeaks&amp;src=tyah" rel="nofollow"><strong>#LuxLeaks</strong></a>, the scandal which revealed the tax secrets of 350 multi-billion companies. The three whistle blowers who revealed the tax dealings are currently facing criminal charges. </p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/GlobalTaxBody/status/661878355244015616/photo/1" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><img height="440" width="543" typeof="Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/twitter.jpg" alt="" /></a></p> <p>But what have the tax policies of a small, wealthy European country got to do with Oxfam’s work to fight poverty?<strong> Here are some of the reasons why we marked the anniversary as part of our <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/node/5948" rel="nofollow">Even It Up campaign</a>.</strong></p> <p><strong>1.</strong> <strong>The tip of the iceberg:</strong> It's tax tricks like the Luxleaks scandal which are the beating heart of the rigged global tax system that deprives governments of billions. </p> <p><strong>2. Tackling inequality</strong>: Fighting tax dodging is a critical part of the global fight against inequality. Combined together, fixing the <a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-10-08-oxfam-calls-second-generation-corporate-tax-reforms"><strong>international web of rigged rules</strong></a>, tax loop holes and accounting tricks would be a giant leap when it comes to solving inequality. For example, the $100 billion developing countries lose to tax dodging is a lot of potential financing for the schools, hospitals and infrastructure projects that are key to tackling inequality. </p> <p><strong>3. </strong> <strong>Information is powerful</strong>: Individuals like the whistle blowers wouldn’t have to put their freedom on the line to reveal this information if companies were obliged to publish where they do business and where they pay tax. Without this information being publicly available, it’s more challenging to set the system straight. In rich and poor countries alike, we need governments to make companies publish their tax affairs allowing citizens to call on governments to hold companies to account if they’re tax dodging .From Warsaw to London, Europeans blew their whistles in solidarity with the LuxLeaks whistle blowers and to call for an end to corporate tax secrecy.</p> <p><strong>Watch and share the video below to blow your whistle and join the movement to <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/even-it-up" rel="nofollow">Even It Up</a>. </strong></p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/05MCZCUQjuU" frameborder="0" height="480" width="640"></iframe></p> <p> </p> <p><em> </em></p> <p><img height="146" width="220" typeof="Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/styles/medium/public/blogimages/eyd_motto_en_1.png?itok=0z-pz2PF" alt="" title="" /><img alt="EU logo" title="EU logo" height="123" width="141" typeof="Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/blogimages/eu_logo_and_phrase_low_res_1.png" /></p> <p><em>This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of Oxfam and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/action/governments-must-tackle-inequality-now" rel="nofollow"><strong>Push Governments to tackle inequality now</strong></a></p> <p><strong>Read Oxfam's flagship report on economic inequalit: <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/working-few" rel="nofollow">Working for the Few</a></strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/working-few" rel="nofollow"> </a></p> <p> </p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Why do the tax affairs of a wealthy European Duchy matter to Oxfam? </h2></div> Thu, 05 Nov 2015 12:35:16 +0000 Francesca Carnibella 28923 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-11-05-why-do-tax-affairs-wealthy-european-duchy-matter-oxfam#comments Another world is possible, without the 1% http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-23-another-world-possible-without-1 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Activists from around the world will defy the terrorists to attend the <a href="https://fsm2015.org/en" rel="nofollow">World Social Forum</a> in Tunis on March 25, determined to make the occasion a beacon for free speech, justice and equality. I am proud to join the leaders of <a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/" rel="nofollow">Greenpeace</a>, <a href="http://www.actionaid.org/" rel="nofollow">ActionAid</a>, <a href="http://civicus.org/index.php/en/" rel="nofollow">Civicus</a> and the <a href="http://awid.org/" rel="nofollow">Association for Women’s Rights in Development</a> (AWID) in highlighting the urgent need to tackle the vested interests of the 1 percent, in order to build a better world for all of humanity.</p> <p>If you are in the top 1 percent of the global wealth stakes, our economic system works exceptionally well. Since the financial crisis in 2008, most of the wealth created in the world has ended up in your bank accounts. By next year, you could own more wealth than the rest of the world put together.</p> <p>This is not just a global phenomenon. The growing gap between rich and poor is a reality for seven out of ten people on the planet. Last week the <a href="http://blogs.worldbank.org/developmenttalk/ten-richest-africans-own-much-poorest-half-continent" rel="nofollow">World Bank calculated</a> that ten Africans own more wealth than half the continent. Statistics like these are actually a cold shower on people’s natural, positive aspirations to improve their lot – they’re telling us the 99 percent won’t get there, or anywhere close. </p> <p><strong>Wealth is used to entrench inequality</strong>, not to trickle down and solve it. <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/time-end-extreme-inequality" rel="nofollow">Our research shows</a> how pharmaceutical and financial lobbyists spend hundreds of millions of dollars to influence government legislation in their industries’ favour, saving them billions of dollars, for instance by securing the banks’ huge state bailouts. Across the world, we see that great money doesn’t only buy a nice car or a better education or healthcare. It can buy power: impunity from justice; an election; a pliant media; favourable laws. With the privatisation of our universities it can even buy the world of ideas.</p> <p>There will be no victory in the fight against poverty unless this trend of worsening inequality is reversed. This is recognised by figures as diverse as the Managing Director of the IMF and the Pope. But we cannot win it under the current broken economic system.</p> <p><strong>This is a system that sees a world possessed of huge wealth</strong> nevertheless leaving the vast majority of humanity behind with virtually nothing at all. One where women are systematically exploited; at the current rate of progress it will take <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/pin/223702306466524133/" rel="nofollow">75 years</a> before women are paid the same as men, never mind that women’s unpaid care work continues to remain invisible. And it is a system that is leading us to runaway climate change.</p> <p>Yet the 1 percent are quick to tell us that there is no real alternative. Sadly, they say, nothing is ever perfect and of course there will be winners and losers (and typically, by implication, talented winners and feckless losers). But that we should be grateful – it’s the best we can hope for.</p> <p>What an appalling failure of imagination. What a shocking lack of faith in human invention, ingenuity and spirit. I am sure of two things. One is that another world is possible; the second that it cannot be imagined or created by the 1% – it is up to us.</p> <p><strong>I believe we can build a human economy where people are the bottom line.</strong> We need a world where people do not have to live in fear of the economic repercussions of getting sick, or losing their home or job. Where every child gets to fulfil their potential. Where corporations pay their fair share of taxes and work for the good of the majority, not just their shareholders.  Where the planet is preserved and sustained for our children and their children’s children.</p> <p>This is not an impossible dream, it is a practical possibility, well within our reach. To get there we need to organise. We need to harness the boundless energy and creativity of our youth. We are many, they are few.</p> <p><em>This entry posted by Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director of Oxfam International, on 23 March 2015.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: A man pushes his bicycle, loaded with melons, past a billboard advertisement for Oman Air's first class service (2013). Credit: Panos/GMB AKASH</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en//node/6280" rel="nofollow"><strong>Join the call for fairer global tax rules now.</strong></a></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-03-04-more-billionaires-more-inequality-even-dizzying-top">Blog: More billionaires, more inequality - even at the dizzying top</a></p> <p><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-03-11-political-leaders-and-economists-tackle-corporate-tax-avoidance-through-new">Political leaders and economists to tackle corporate tax avoidance through new independent commission</a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Another world is possible, without the 1%</h2></div> Mon, 23 Mar 2015 18:05:13 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 25951 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-23-another-world-possible-without-1#comments More billionaires, more inequality - even at the dizzying top http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-04-more-billionaires-more-inequality-even-dizzying-top <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>So there are now 1,826 billionaires with a combined wealth of $7.05 trillion. This beats last year’s amount by $650 billion, but is this good news? </strong></p> <p>In Oxfam’s view, it is not and as <a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/chasewithorn/2015/03/02/forbes-billionaires-full-list-of-the-500-richest-people-in-the-world-2015/" rel="nofollow">Forbes themselves point out </a>in the introduction to the list, inequality even at the dizzying top is in a dangerously farcical state as the wealthiest 500 individuals collectively hold $4.7 trillion of the $7.05 trillion total. That’s 500 of the 1,826 people listed, which equates to less than a third of these individuals owning more than half of the collective wealth.</p> <p>This is yet more evidence that things are getting very much better for the very few mega rich at the top, while at the other end of the scale some 1 billion people will still live in extreme poverty in 2015. Such extreme inequality should concern us all, not only because it is a moral outrage, but also because it is undermining growth and creating one of the most significant barriers to ending poverty.</p> <p>We need to debunk the myth that economic growth inevitably trickles down to those at the bottom. We must expose the fact that money can buy power regarding rigging rules, regulations and policies that only further benefit the wealthiest. This creates a huge void between the rich and poor, and between those who can and cannot access opportunities.</p> <p>Unfair tax rules are a stark example of this. Oxfam believes a fairer global tax system, which clamps down on multinational corporations <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-02-11-breaking-cycle-how-europe-can-stop-industrial-tax-dodging">shirking their responsibility</a> to pay tax would help close this gap and tackle the growing problem of inequality. This year must be the beginning of the end for an unfair and poorly regulated global corporate tax system. </p> <p>We urgently need a <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-01-23-why-oxfam-calling-world-tax-summit">World Tax Summit</a>, where tax rules are re-written and where world leaders deliver a roadmap towards ending this scourge once and for all.</p> <p><em>This entry is by Claire Godfrey, Head of Policy, Advocacy and Research, Even it Up Campaign, Oxfam, published on 5 March 2015.</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/make-corporations-pay-their-fair-share" rel="nofollow">Join the call to make tax fair now.</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Read Oxfam’s latest report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/wealth-having-it-all-and-wanting-more" rel="nofollow">Wealth: Having It All and Wanting More</a></strong> </p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>More billionaires, more inequality - even at the dizzying top</h2></div> Wed, 04 Mar 2015 15:47:05 +0000 Claire Godfrey 25609 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-04-more-billionaires-more-inequality-even-dizzying-top#comments On wealth, debt and inequality – in response to some criticism http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-01-27-wealth-debt-inequality-criticism-response <div class="field field-name-body"><p>It’s been an exciting week for Oxfam. Our newest piece of research <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/wealth-having-it-all-and-wanting-more" rel="nofollow"><strong>Wealth: Having It All and Wanting More</strong></a> conducted by Deborah Hardoon has received a lot of attention around the world, including coverage by the Economist, CNN, the BBC, etc. The report has sparked a global conversation about wealth and inequality, in the run up to the annual meeting of the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/world-economic-forum-2015" rel="nofollow">World Economic Forum</a></strong>.</p> <p>While the most of the coverage has been positive, over the last few days, several people have also criticized in one way or another the results we presented. Fair enough. I want to focus on one issue in particular here: the use of wealth (assets minus debt) in our calculations.</p> <p>The database we use is built by <strong><a href="https://publications.credit-suisse.com/tasks/render/file/?fileid=5521f296-d460-2b88-081889db12817e02" rel="nofollow">Credit Suisse</a></strong> under the leadership of Economists Jim Davis and Tony Shorrocks. This works follows up a long-term academic project that has been peer-reviewed.</p> <h3>Wealth, debts, assets</h3> <p>The issue comes with the fact that there are a few million people with more debt than assets, which implies they have negative wealth. <strong><a href="http://fusion.net/story/39185/oxfams-misleading-wealth-statistics/" rel="nofollow">Felix Salmon</a></strong> and <strong><a href="http://www.vox.com/2015/1/22/7871947/oxfam-wealth-statistic" rel="nofollow">Ezra Klein</a></strong>, among others, have taken issue with this and suggest that Oxfam is misleading the public with these results. They both use this graph from the Credit Suisse report to make their case. <em>(Click to enlarge.</em>)</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/default/files/global-wealth-graph-credit-suisse-oxfam.jpg"><img alt="Credit Suisse graphic" title="Credit Suisse graphic" height="252" width="400" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/blogimages/screen-shot-2014-04-04-at-2.02.31-pm.png" /></a></p> <p>Both Salmon and Klein argue that the fact that there are so many Americans in the bottom decile invalidates our claims. Klein’s headline is “the combined wealth of my two nephews is already more than the bottom 30 percent of the world combined… They just have a piggy bank and no debt.”</p> <p>Interestingly, they both Klein and Salmon resort to anecdotes to prove their point: Salmon argues that our calculation would include <strong><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%A9r%C3%B4me_Kerviel" rel="nofollow">Jerome Kerviel</a></strong>, the French fraudster who was sentenced to pay around $6 million (although he doesn’t mention that Kerviel is not expected to pay it). Klein talks about Bill and Hillary Clinton, who were <strong><a href="http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2014/jun/10/hillary-clinton/hillary-clinton-says-she-and-bill-were-dead-broke/" rel="nofollow">millions of dollar in debt</a></strong> at the end of their time in the White House. I won’t go into why I find these anecdotes a poor way to make a point. I’d rather look at the numbers.</p> <p>Salmon and Klein are concerned about the top left hand corner of the graph above. So, what if we redo the calculations taking out that corner, or the whole decile?</p> <h3>Poorest of the poor</h3> <p><strong>The bottom 10% of the global population</strong> are, on average, in debt. The total amount of their debt is $684 billion. There are a number of Americans and Europeans in this group, which is what both Klein and Salmon indicate asa a methodological problem.</p> <p>Let’s see what happens if we exclude the bottom decile from our analysis altogether – conscious that we will be excluding from our analysis some of the poorest people in the poorest countries in the world, with no wealth at all.</p> <p>Deciles 2 through 5  hold 1% of global wealth, or $2.6 trillion. Decile number 2 has very little wealth (0.1%) but it’s positive. The money in Klein’s nephews’ piggy bank is irrelevant.</p> <p>In March 2014, 147 billionaires on the Forbes list had a collective wealth of $2.6 trillion. That means that two busloads of billionaires control the same wealth as, at least, 40 percent of the world.</p> <p>What happens to the wealth share of the richest 1% if we exclude the bottom decile? It makes no real difference. Where before the top 1% had 48.1% of global wealth, without the bottom decile it decreases to 47.9%. Not a big difference.</p> <p>During a one year period between 2013 and 2014 the billionaires on the <strong><a href="http://www.forbes.com/billionaires/" rel="nofollow">Forbes list</a></strong> increased their net wealth by over $1 trillion, that’s 1 ½ times as much as the negative wealth of the bottom 10%.</p> <h3>It's about the concentration of wealth - and power</h3> <p>Enough wonkiness. To Salmon and Klein’s credit, they acknowledge that the broader issue – the trend of the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few – is worrying. We can quibble about the data or the calculations, but <strong>the trend still stands</strong>. And even more important, the consequences of the concentration of wealth are potentially dire. As <strong><a href="http://time.com/tag/wealth-inequality/" rel="nofollow">this interview</a></strong> with Branko Milanovic put is:  “For political reasons, ownership of wealth is important. Without unleveraged capital, even if you have a nice life, you won’t be able to have much political influence.”</p> <p>It’s that link between wealth and power that benefits the few to the detriment of the rest.</p> <p>Over the weekend, the Financial Times did a <strong><a href="http://blogs.ft.com/ftdata/2015/01/23/measuring-wealth-inequality/" rel="nofollow">similar calculation</a></strong> to what I just presented with similar results – the extent of the concentration of wealth does not change dramatically if we exclude people with negative wealth – the share of wealth controlled by the 1% barely moves. They went on to conclude that “”The precise figure for the share of wealth of the global elite, and judgement calls between different measurement conventions, may not be too important. The figure is a good piece of rhetoric designed to draw attention to something that many of those at Davos already agree on but can’t decide what to do about; <strong>access to wealth across the world is intolerably unequal.</strong>”</p> <p>That is a fair conclusion. The judgement calls in the use of data are always necessary but the overall result: the concentration of wealth at the top is extremely high, does not change. And it’s increasing.</p> <p><em>This post was originally published by Ricardo Fuentes-Nieva, Head of Research at Oxfam GB, on <strong><a href="http://oxfamblogs.org/mindthegap/2015/01/26/on-wealth-debt-and-inequality-in-response-to-some-criticism/" rel="nofollow">Mind the Gap</a></strong>, 26 January 2015.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Housing for the wealthier middle classes rises above the insecure housing of a slum community in Lucknow, India. Tom Pietrasik/Oxfam</em></p> <h3>What you can do to Even It Up</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en//node/6280" rel="nofollow">Join the call to make tax fair now.</a></strong></p> <h3>Want to do more?</h3> <p>Join the conversation around how to tackle extreme inequality. <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/even-it/take-action-fight-inequality-and-make-tax-fair" rel="nofollow">Tell us how it's affecting you: Share your story!</a></strong></p> <p>For updates, please follow <strong><a href="http://www.twitter.com/oxfam" rel="nofollow">@Oxfam</a></strong>.</p> <p>Share our Make Tax Fair graphic below. For more graphics to share, check out our <a href="http://www.pinterest.com/oxfaminternatl/" rel="nofollow"><strong>Pinterest</strong></a>.</p> <p><img alt="Let&#039;s Make Tax Fair" title="Let&#039;s Make Tax Fair" height="601" width="601" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/tax-breaks-help-the-top-facebook-en_0.jpg" /></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>On wealth, debt and inequality – in response to some criticism</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/15-01-27-sobre-riqueza-deuda-y-desigualdad-en-respuesta-algunas-cr%C3%ADticas" title="Sobre riqueza, deuda y desigualdad: en respuesta a algunas críticas " class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/15-01-29-r%C3%A9flexions-sur-la-richesse-les-dettes-et-les-in%C3%A9galit%C3%A9s-en-r%C3%A9ponse-%C3%A0-quelques" title="Réflexions sur la richesse, les dettes et les inégalités en réponse à quelques critiques" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Tue, 27 Jan 2015 10:38:18 +0000 Ricardo Fuentes-Nieva 25024 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-01-27-wealth-debt-inequality-criticism-response#comments We must end extreme inequality. Now. http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-11-10-we-must-end-extreme-inequality-now <div class="field field-name-body"><p>There is an overwhelming consensus that things must change. For three years the World Economic Forum has listed growing income inequality as a major global risk, <a href="http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/klaus-schwab-warns-that-the-world-is-entering-an-era-of-diminished-expectations-and-increased-uncertainty" rel="nofollow">a warning echoed by Professor Klaus Schwab</a>. Then at Davos in January, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/working-few" rel="nofollow">Oxfam launched a report</a> that revealed 85 people own as much wealth as the bottom half of humanity. This captured the public imagination everywhere, went viral on social media, sparked debate, and made headlines across the world.</p> <p>My favourite related anecdote comes from a colleague who had been visiting a tiny, remote village in rural Vietnam. When he got there, a local smallholder farmer approached him to ask if he’d heard about the richest 85. As Andrew Haldane, the chief economist of the Bank of England, said, this statistic “touched a moral nerve among many”.</p> <p>I was at Davos at the time, and what I saw was that faith, power and money were all converging and agreeing on the urgency and importance of addressing this extreme and growing inequality.</p> <p>Over the past year, people everywhere have continued to raise this issue. Leaders as diverse as Pope Francis, Christine Lagarde, President Obama and wealthy philanthropists like Warren Buffett have spoken out – as if singing from the same songsheet – about the dangers of growing and extreme inequality. So much so, that we can now claim a broad consensus on the causes and problems of inequality. What we need now is a shared agenda on the solutions.</p> <h3>Time to Even It Up</h3> <p>Today Oxfam is launching a new report, <em><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/time-end-extreme-inequality" rel="nofollow">Even it Up: Time to End Extreme Inequality</a></em>. Based on our experience on the ground, and evidence from researchers and thought leaders from around the world, it demonstrates that inequality is spiralling out of control, and has consequences that are bad for both rich and poor. Unequal countries have higher levels of crime and conflict, which affects everyone, and inequality dampens long-term growth. Crucially for Oxfam, the evidence clearly indicates that today’s extremes of inequality are threatening to set back the fight against poverty by decades.</p> <p>Our new research shows that in countries like Kenya, Indonesia and India, millions more people could be lifted out of poverty if income inequality were reduced. Take the example of India: if the country were to stop inequality rising, they could lift 90 million more people out of poverty by 2019. In Africa, where I was born, the target of eradicating extreme poverty won’t be met until 2075 unless there is a reduction in income inequality.</p> <p>This report is the start of a new long-term Oxfam campaign, also called<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/even-it-up" rel="nofollow"> Even it Up</a>, to push world leaders to turn rhetoric into reality and close the gap between rich and poor.</p> <p>We all know that inequality is not inevitable. There is much that we can do to reverse inequality if we join together around solutions that can create a fairer and more equal world. A world that will be better for all of us. Leaders including Kofi Annan, Michael Sandel and Graça Machel have supported our call to action. Nobel prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz has endorsed the report ,calling it “a timely reminder that any real effort to end poverty has to confront the public policy choices that create and sustain inequality”.</p> <h3>How then can we tackle extreme inequality?</h3> <p>We will be focusing on pushing for change in four main policy areas.</p> <p><strong>First, urgent tax reform is needed</strong>. This remains the most effective redistributive mechanism we have at our disposal to tackle the growing gap between rich and poor. This requires reform at the national and international level, as well as at the individual and the corporate level. Governments need to ensure that the tax burden falls fairly so that those most able to pay contribute more. They must put an end to fragmented global rules and tax loopholes that reward those who avoid their civic obligation, and leave the poorest to foot the bill.</p> <p><strong>Secondly, greater investment is needed in public services, like healthcare and education</strong>, which can be great equalizers and can mitigate the worst effects of today’s skewed wealth and income distribution. Good-quality, free public services have the power to transform societies by enabling people to improve their life chances.</p> <p><strong>Thirdly, we should focus more on decent work and wages</strong>, and question skyrocketing executive pay, which is a recipe for growing inequality. In 2014,<a href="http://highpaycentre.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> the UK’s top 100 executives took home 131 times as much as their average employee</a> – how long can those who benefit continue to claim that this is justifiable? Eradicating working poverty by making work pay – through the provision of living wages, decent living conditions and by protecting the rights of workers to organize –  is a first step on the road to reducing inequality.</p> <p><strong>Lastly, we will be calling on governments</strong> to reduce inequality by changing the rules and systems that have led to today’s inequality explosion. We’re asking them to ensure that their primary concern is responding to the needs of their citizens rather than being unduly influenced by affluence.</p> <p>The past year has shown us that people around the world are demanding action on inequality. We are joining in support of them. I will be working hard to bring these issues to the table again at next year’s World Economic Forum Annual Meeting and will be asking political and business leaders to join me in this conversation.</p> <p>Are any of you wondering what happened to those, now famous, 85 billionaires since January? They’ve seen their collective wealth increase by $668 million every day over the past year. That’s almost half a million dollars every minute. It could not be clearer: the time to act on inequality is now.</p> <p><em>Originally published by the <a href="http://forumblog.org/2014/10/end-extreme-inequality/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">World Economic Forum</a>.</em></p> <h3>How you can help</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/governments-must-tackle-inequality-now" rel="nofollow">Ask governments to tackle extreme inequality now</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Read the blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-11-03-inequality-not-inevitable-its-time-evenitup">Inequality is not inevitable: It's time to #EvenItUp</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Share the <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/multimedia/video/2014-video-even-it" rel="nofollow">Even it Up video</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>We must end extreme inequality. Now.</h2></div> Mon, 10 Nov 2014 23:10:06 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 23669 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-11-10-we-must-end-extreme-inequality-now#comments Inequality is not inevitable: It's time to #EvenItUp http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-11-03-inequality-not-inevitable-its-time-evenitup <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Originally published by <a href="http://www.equaltimes.org/inequality-is-not-inevitable-it-s?lang=en#.VFk_dGdNa1j">Equal Times</a>.</em></p> <p>This January, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/bp-working-for-few-political-capture-economic-inequality-200114-summ-en.pdf" target="_blank"><strong>Oxfam revealed</strong></a> that the richest 85 people in the world possess the same amount of wealth as the world’s poorest 50 per cent.</p> <p>Our report caught the public’s imagination, and keyed into a conversation about inequality that was taken up by many players globally – amongst them Christine Lagarde of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), President Barack Obama and the Pope.</p> <p>The collective wealth of this tiny global elite has increased by US$668 million per day between 2013 and 2014. That’s almost half a million dollars every minute.</p> <p>Today Oxfam launches a new campaign, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/even-it-up"><em><strong>Even it Up</strong></em></a>.</p> <p>What we aim to show through our campaign is that inequality is not inevitable. It is the result of policy choices.</p> <p>As Sharan Burrow, general secretary of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), <a href="http://www.equaltimes.org/here-s-what-inequality-means-to-me#.VFH4jBZkzm5" target="_blank"><strong>highlighted recently</strong></a>, the alarming increase in inequality is linked to the prescription by international institutions of low wages, flexible labor markets, insecure work, less social protection and low taxes.</p> <h3>Inequality is not inevitable</h3> <p>Oxfam’s <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/cr-even-it-up-extreme-inequality-301014-summ-en.reviewed.pdf"><strong>new report</strong></a> shows that since 1990, income from labor has made up a declining share of GDP across low-, middle- and high-income countries alike.</p> <p>In South Africa, for instance, a miner in the platinum belt would need to work for 93 years just to earn the average CEO’s annual bonus.</p> <p>But there are so many sectors in which women and men are caught in a working poverty trap, unable to earn their way out of poverty – however hard they work.</p> <p>Studies led by <a href="http://www.fairtrade.net/single-view+M5fc5b408f70.html#_ftn1" target="_blank"><strong>Fairtrade International</strong></a> found the legal minimum wage for picking grapes in South Africa, bananas in the Dominican Republic or <a href="http://www.equaltimes.org/a-bitter-brew-malawi-s-tea#.VFH5xRZkzm4" target="_blank"><strong>tea in Malawi</strong></a> was just one to two thirds of a living wage – not nearly enough for food, clothing, housing or anything else.</p> <p>A significant factor keeping work and wages on a low road is political capture.</p> <p>When the wealthiest use their financial power and the influence that comes with it to bend laws and policy choices in their favor, the ability of governments to enforce labor laws is weakened. This affects women most.</p> <p>Women are relegated to the worst-paid and most insecure jobs, and on average women are paid 10 to 30 per cent less than men for comparable work, across all regions and sectors. At the current rate that the gender wage gap is closing, it will take 75 years before men and women have equal pay for equal work.</p> <h3>Another way is possible</h3> <p>Oxfam argues that it doesn’t have to be like this; another way is possible.</p> <p>Brazil raised its minimum wage by nearly 50 per cent in real terms between 1995 and 2011, and poverty and inequality declined in step.</p> <p>Ecuador now requires profitable companies to demonstrate that they pay a living wage.</p> <p>In the garment sector, international brands are starting to speak up for a higher road for jobs, and promising to play their part, for instance by writing to the <a href="http://www.equaltimes.org/cambodian-minimum-wage-activists#.VFH55hZkzm5" target="_blank"><strong>government of Cambodia</strong></a>.</p> <p>There is also persuasive evidence that gender equality – particularly in jobs and education – actually encourages growth.</p> <p>GDP is not an adequate measure of economic progress, equality or sustainability. But even by this measure, narrowing the gender wage gap has growth benefits.</p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/rr-exploring-links-ipl-poverty-footprint-090513-en.pdf"><strong>Kenya’s cut flower sector</strong></a>, the target of civil society campaigns 10 years ago, has seen real improvements for the most skilled workers in pack-houses, 75 percent of whom are women.</p> <p>Improvements in health and safety, a reduction in sexual harassment and more secure contracts compared with 10 years ago have all been achieved.</p> <p>More professional human resource management has helped, along with the establishment of gender committees, better legislation and sustainability certification.</p> <p>Wages are still well short of a living wage, but as Oxfam calculated in our <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/oxfam-poverty-footprint"><strong>Poverty Footprint study</strong></a> with IPL/Asda wages could be doubled if just US$ 0.08 were added to a US$6.50 bouquet and earmarked for wages.</p> <p><strong>This is perfectly achievable with a collective will.</strong></p> <p>There is growing consensus that, as Owen Tudor of the <a href="http://www.equaltimes.org/no-decent-work-without-decent-wage#.VFH6OxZkzm5" target="_blank"><strong>UK’s Trades Union Congress</strong></a> has highlighted, if economic growth is to deliver a social dividend, the quality of the jobs created is key.</p> <p>We need collective will to tackle runaway economic inequality and entrenched gender inequality.</p> <p>It is time for a higher road for work and wages, with governance gaps closed, repression of unions and corporate lobbying challenged, and business models that deliver more social good over longer time horizons.</p> <p>These are some of the ambitious outcomes we are optimistic our <em>Even it Up</em> campaign can help bring about, with the support of all those who share our vision for a fairer and more equal world.</p> <h3>How you can help</h3> <p><strong>Ask governments <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/governments-must-tackle-inequality-now">to tackle extreme inequality now</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Read the blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-07-17-opportunity-generation-ending-extreme-inequality">The opportunity of a generation: Ending extreme inequality</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Share the <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/multimedia/video/2014-video-even-it">Even it Up video</a></strong></p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/2x4jbN6_q5Q" frameborder="0" height="315" width="560"></iframe></p> <p><strong>For updates, follow <a href="http://twitter.com/Oxfam" target="_blank">@Oxfam</a></strong></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Inequality is not inevitable: It&#039;s time to #EvenItUp</h2></div> Mon, 03 Nov 2014 08:23:44 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 23513 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-11-03-inequality-not-inevitable-its-time-evenitup#comments People are demanding action on inequality: We are joining them http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-10-29-people-are-demanding-action-inequality-we-are-joining-them <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Over the past year, an overwhelming consensus has developed on the dangers of growing and extreme economic inequality. <strong>The gulf between the haves and the have nots has never been as large. </strong></p> <p>If the trend of rising inequality is allowed to continue, we not only risk condemning billions to poverty and exclusion, we put the stability and cohesion of our societies and the <a href="http://www.kateraworth.com/2014/10/16/doughnut-inequality/"><strong>sustainability</strong></a> of the whole planet at risk. The evidence is clear: today’s extremes of inequality are threatening to set the fight against poverty back by decades.</p> <p>In January this year, our <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/working-few"><strong>report </strong></a>that the world’s richest 85 people control as much wealth as the poorest half of the world’s population caught the public imagination and made it onto the news agenda globally. The collective wealth of this tiny few increased by $668 million per day between 2013 and 2014. That’s almost half a million dollars every minute.</p> <p>People around the world are demanding action on inequality. We are joining in support of them. Today Oxfam launches a new campaign, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/even-it-time-end-extreme-inequality"><strong>Even it Up: Time to End Extreme Inequality</strong></a>. We want this to be a wake-up up call for all of us: governments, companies and citizens need to act now to change the status quo. </p> <p>Leaders as diverse as <strong>His Holiness Pope Francis</strong>, <strong>IMF head Christine Lagarde</strong> and <strong>President Obama</strong> have spoken out about the need for change. That there is a problem is agreed. What we need now is a shared agenda for solutions.</p> <p>We aim to show through our campaign that inequality is not inevitable. It is the result of choices - and different choices can reverse it.</p> <h3>How then to stem the growing gap between rich and poor?</h3> <ul><li><strong>We need urgent tax reform</strong>. At national, international, individual and corporate levels, tax burdens must fall fairly so that those most able to pay contribute more. There must be an end to fragmented global rules and tax loopholes which reward those who avoid their civic obligation, but leave the poorest footing the bill. Progressive tax policies are the most effective redistributive mechanism for tackling the growing gap between rich and poor.</li> <li><span style="line-height: 1.538em;"><strong>We need to level the playing field by investing in universal free public services</strong>, including health care, education, and social protection. These measures can mitigate the worst impacts of today’s skewed wealth and income distribution, but also enable a healthy and educated majority to seize greater opportunity to prosper in life. </span></li> <li><span style="line-height: 1.538em;"><span style="line-height: 1.538em;"><strong>People must be paid a fair wage for their work.</strong> A first step to reducing inequality is by making work pay - providing living wages, decent conditions of work and protecting the rights of workers to organize.</span></span></li> <li><span style="line-height: 1.538em;"><span style="line-height: 1.538em;"><span style="line-height: 1.538em;"><strong>We need to confront inequality by backing people to claim their rights</strong> and hold their leaders to account. When the wealthiest use their financial power and the influence that comes with it to bend laws and policy choices in their favour, democracy is undermined. We need changes to the rules and systems that have led to today’s inequality explosion – governments’ primary concern must be responding to the needs of their citizens, not being unduly influenced by affluence. </span></span></span></li> </ul><p><span style="line-height: 1.538em;">We are honored to have <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/report_endorsements_final_en.pdf"><strong>Kofi Annan, Graça Machel, Joseph Stiglitz and many others</strong></a> supporting our call to action. </span></p> <p><span style="line-height: 1.538em;">I invite you to join us:<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/governments-must-tackle-inequality-now"> <strong>let’s Even It Up</strong></a>.</span></p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" align="center"><p>$500,000 richer every 60 seconds for world's 85 wealthiest?! By our sums, it's time2 <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/EvenItUp?src=hash">#EvenItUp</a> <a href="http://t.co/nf5tvxFoN6">http://t.co/nf5tvxFoN6</a> <a href="http://t.co/GpP0nkTGTN">pic.twitter.com/GpP0nkTGTN</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/527921781672538112">October 30, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>People are demanding action on inequality: We are joining them</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-10-29-face-aux-in%C3%A9galit%C3%A9s-les-citoyennes-et-citoyens-exigent-des-mesures-concr%C3%A8tes" title="Face aux inégalités, les citoyennes et citoyens exigent des mesures concrètes : rejoignons-les !" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-10-29-la-gente-pide-que-se-act%C3%BAe-ante-la-desigualdad-nos-sumamos" title="La gente pide que se actúe ante la desigualdad: nos sumamos" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Wed, 29 Oct 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 23185 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-10-29-people-are-demanding-action-inequality-we-are-joining-them#comments