Oxfam International Blogs - FPIC http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/fpic en UN Committee on World Food Security on track to lead the global effort toward achieving zero hunger by 2030 http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-10-19-un-committee-world-food-security-lead-global-effort-zero-hunger <div class="field field-name-body"><p>On the 15th of October the UN Committee on World Food Security adopted the <a href="http://www.fao.org/cfs/cfs-home/cfs42/en/" rel="nofollow"><strong>report of its 2015 plenary session</strong></a>. It includes the outcomes of a very intense and fruitful week where all Member States took important commitments that will be critical to ensure that the CFS can deliver on its role and lead the global efforts to achieve zero hunger and a sustainable agriculture by 2030 and realize the <a href="http://www.fao.org/human-right-to-food/en/" rel="nofollow"><strong>right to adequate food</strong></a>.</p> <p><strong>It was very positive to see</strong> a high level of ambition on the role that the CFS should play on  improving policy coherence, better coordination and accountability to achieve relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and targets. This will require ambition and commitment to develop in the next months a plan for the CFS to lead on zero hunger. In particular we expect the CFS to fulfil its mandate grounded on a human rights based approach in order to fully achieve the eradication of hunger.</p> <p><img alt="UN Committee on World Food Security" title="UN Committee on World Food Security" height="211" width="280" style="float: right;" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/cfs-logo-280.png" />The CFS this week adopted the <a href="http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/cfs/Docs1415/FFA/CFS_FFA_Final_Draft_Ver2_EN.pdf" rel="nofollow"><strong>Framework for Action for Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crisis</strong></a> a very important tool to move us toward a world free of hunger. Oxfam welcomes the <a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-10-12-implement-un-committee-world-food-security-framework-action-protracted-crises"><strong>adoption of the framework</strong></a> that provides the principles to guide States, donors and other relevant actors to address both the impacts as well as the root causes of these crises. In fact, achieving zero hunger will not be possible without durable solutions and a radical change on the way that we are doing business in protracted crisis. It was very positive to see strong commitment by all actors to move forward urgently to implement it. The whole negotiation process really showed how the multi-actors model of the CFS, when commitment and flexibility of all Members is there, can deliver very positive and ambitious outcome even on very difficult issues. Now, we will need to keep the same spirit and move together on its implementation.</p> <p>It was also very positive to see all countries and regions commitment to move forward toward developing a Committee on Food Security monitoring mechanism. Concrete commitments were taken. Next year the CFS will develop terms of reference to do monitoring events at national, regional and global levels and it will gather lesson learned and assess progress on the application of the <a href="http://www.fao.org/docrep/016/i2801e/i2801e.pdf" rel="nofollow"><strong>Guidelines on Tenure Governance</strong></a> with the full participation of the civil society.</p> <p><strong>The CFS also adopted important recommendations</strong> on water putting forward the human right to water as a core aspect of the realization of the right to adequate food and recognizing the multiple dimensions and uses of water. It affirms the role of regulation to safeguard public interests and recognizes the ecosystem functions of water. There is a clear prioritization of vulnerable and marginalized populations, with specific recommendations for protecting women and girls, as well as access to drinking water in the workplace. However it is unfortunate that there was no recognition of Free Prior and Informed Consent (<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free,_prior_and_informed_consent" rel="nofollow"><strong>FPIC</strong></a>) of indigenous communities and no mentioning of agroecology, although those elements have been agreed upon in several CFS documents earlier.</p> <p><strong>The CFS agreed on its program of work </strong>for the next two years which will also include a critical and very timely policy discussion next year on sustainable agriculture, including livestock.Next year we will need to keep building on this very positive 2015 outcome and continue to move toward a world where the right to adequate food is being realized. This will require a strong leadership from the new Chair, Vice-Chair and Bureau Members of the CFS. Furthermore, this will also require ensuring that the CFS has enough resources to deliver on its mandate and program of work as well as continuing building its strengths including, in particular, its inclusivity (notably of those most affected by hunger and small scale food producers), its participatory approach and its transparency.</p> <p><em>This entry posted by Thierry Kesteloot, Oxfam Senior Policy Advisor, on 19 October 2015.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Chief Ezequiel João, Panambi-Lagoa Rica Indigenous Land, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The community says the deforestation and pollution caused by industrial farms has led to the death of fish, animals and traditional medicinal plants - making it much harder for them to survive. Credit: Tatiana Cardeal</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Read the report: <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/mb-hot-hungry-food-climate-change-250314-en_3.pdf" rel="nofollow">Hot and Hungry: How to stop climate change derailing the fight against hunger</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Share Oxfam's film on the fight against climate change: <a href="http://oxfamstories.org/climate-for-change/" rel="nofollow">4 stories, 4 continents, 4 inspirational women</a></strong></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p>Climate change is the single biggest threat to fighting hunger. <strong><a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/women-food-climate" rel="nofollow">Demand action now for future generations.</a></strong></p> <p> </p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>UN Committee on World Food Security on track to lead the global effort toward achieving zero hunger by 2030</h2></div> Mon, 19 Oct 2015 13:52:59 +0000 Guest Blogger 27957 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-10-19-un-committee-world-food-security-lead-global-effort-zero-hunger#comments 4 critical ways oil, gas, and mining companies must support local community rights http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-07-23-4-critical-ways-oil-gas-and-mining-companies-must-support-local-community-rights <div class="field field-name-body"><p>For oil, gas, and mining companies, gaining access to land and water can make or break a project. For many communities living on that land and relying on that water, the stakes are much higher. Their land is their lifeline, and this can be lost when they don’t have a say and their rights are ignored. “The first I heard of the [Benga Coal in Mozambique] mine coming was when the trucks and machines were in my field,” said a Mozambican woman interviewed by Oxfam in November 2014. “I asked them what they were doing and they told me approval had been given…I had no choice but to move.”</p> <p>Today, Oxfam launched a <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/communityconsent" rel="nofollow">new report</a> reviewing the public policy commitments of 38 oil, gas, and mining companies around issues of community engagement and rights, with a particular focus on <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free,_prior_and_informed_consent" rel="nofollow">free, prior, and informed consent</a> (FPIC). FPIC is seen as the “gold” standard in terms of community engagement, defined as the principle that indigenous peoples and local communities must be adequately informed about projects that affect their lands in a timely manner, free of coercion and manipulation, and should be given the opportunity to approve or reject a project prior to the commencement of all activities.</p> <p><strong>For indigenous peoples, FPIC is established as a <a href="http://www.piplinks.org/report%3A-making-free-prior-%2526amp%3B-informed-consent-reality-indigenous-peoples-and-extractive-sector" rel="nofollow">right under international law</a>.</strong> For others, it is a process which helps to safeguard other human rights and to reduce the risk of social conflict. Oxfam recommends that oil, gas, and mining companies adopt an explicit and public policy commitment to FPIC and develop detailed accompanying implementation guidelines.</p> <p>Over the last year, Oxfam reached out to 38 companies and invited them to discuss their FPIC or other community engagement policies with us. We spoke to companies headquartered in the US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, and South Africa, among other locations. Oxfam developed a spectrum of community engagement applicable to extractive industry projects that ranges from low (one-way information sharing) to high levels (recognition of FPIC). The figure below summarizes companies’ public commitments along the spectrum. All 38 companies in the sample at least commit to consultation or dialogue with communities.</p> <p><img alt="Companies’ public commitments along the FPIC spectrum." title="Companies’ public commitments along the FPIC spectrum." height="351" width="698" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/fpic-38-companies.png" /></p> <h3>Here are some highlights from the report:</h3> <ul><li><strong>More companies respect the right of indigenous peoples to Free Prior and Informed Consent</strong></li> </ul><p>Fourteen mining companies now have public commitments to FPIC for projects that affect indigenous peoples–almost three times as many as in 2012. This is a significant and welcome development that emerges from the recognition of indigenous peoples’ collective rights and right to self-determination. New FPIC requirements established by the World Bank’s private-sector lending arm, the <a href="http://politicsofpoverty.oxfamamerica.org/2011/08/big-victories-for-indigenous-peoples-and-transparency-advocates/" rel="nofollow">International Finance Corporation</a>, and the <a href="http://politicsofpoverty.oxfamamerica.org/2013/05/icmm-commits-to-free-prior-informed-consent-standard/" rel="nofollow">International Council on Mining and Metals</a> helped to turn the tide on the issue. Nonetheless, civil society and project-affected communities now must ensure that these policy commitments translate to practice on the ground. More work needs to be done both to support companies aiming to implement FPIC effectively and to hold them accountable when they fail to make good-faith efforts to meet their policy commitments. If not, these commitments will be reduced to mere green washing.</p> <ul><li><strong>Existing FPIC policy commitments remain weak</strong></li> </ul><p>The FPIC policy commitments we reviewed provide little detail on how FPIC will be implemented in practice. Further, they fail to provide unequivocal commitments to withdraw from a project if a community says no to a project. In addition, the commitments apply only to projects that will affect indigenous peoples (unlike FPIC commitments from several of the <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/about" rel="nofollow">largest food and beverage companies</a>, which apply to any project-affected local community). This represents a missed opportunity for companies to build trust and facilitate shared decision-making with all project-affected communities.</p> <ul><li><strong>Oil and gas companies lag behind the mining sector on their public commitments to FPIC</strong></li> </ul><p>Not one of the 17 oil and gas companies in Oxfam’s sample has publicly committed to FPIC. This is unacceptable. A few oil and gas companies claim that although they do not have explicit FPIC commitments their policies align with the concept of FPIC. This assertion is not enough. Oxfam views a comprehensive policy framework—which includes a public FPIC commitment—as vital to promoting corporate accountability and respect for human rights. Also, transparency of policies and commitments is critical to give local communities a more meaningful role in controlling their resources and to build trust between companies and communities. In short, companies need to dust off their policies and put them in the public domain to ensure accountability.</p> <ul><li><strong>Companies reviewed say little publicly about gender in the context of community engagement</strong></li> </ul><p>The impacts of the extractive industries are not gender-neutral. Women face a particular disadvantage, bearing the brunt of the negative impacts while receiving few, if any, of the benefits. They also often face exclusion from decision-making processes. Gender analysis requires specific attention in order to mitigate negative impacts and ensure equal participation. Yet, few of the 38 companies included in the sample had any mention of gender in the context of community engagement in their publicly available policy documents or guidelines.</p> <h3>In light of these findings, Oxfam recommends that companies:</h3> <p><strong>1. Adopt an explicit and unambiguous policy commitment to Free, Prior and Informed Consent</strong> and develop detailed accompanying implementation guidelines, making these publicly available;</p> <p><strong>2. Extend FPIC commitments to include all project-affected communities</strong>, while recognising FPIC as a right under international law for indigenous peoples;  </p> <p><strong>3. Conduct thorough monitoring and evaluation of FPIC processes</strong> being implemented and disclose information publicly in a language and form understood by the community while these processes are underway; and</p> <p><strong>4. Develop clear and overarching commitments to gender</strong> that respect the rights of both women and men, provide equal opportunity and equal access to mining benefits for both women and men, and involve both women and men in consultation, negotiation, and decision-making processes.</p> <p>For more findings and recommendations from this research, please see <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/communityconsent" rel="nofollow"><strong>www.oxfam.org/communityconsent</strong></a>.</p> <p><em>The entry posted by Emily Greenspan, Oxfam Senior Policy Advisor, Extractive Industries, on 23 July 2015.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Near the community of Ka Chok, Cambodia, villagers are concerned about a mining concession granted to a Vietnamese company. Local farmers were not consulted about the concession and worry that they will not have access to farm lands in the forest. Credit: Patrick Brown/Oxfam</em></p> <p><img alt="Infographic: What is Free, Prior, Informed Consent?" title="Infographic: What is Free, Prior, Informed Consent?" height="17383" width="5233" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/free-prior-informed-consent-infographic.png" /></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>4 critical ways oil, gas, and mining companies must support local community rights</h2></div> Wed, 22 Jul 2015 23:05:00 +0000 Guest Blogger 27332 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-07-23-4-critical-ways-oil-gas-and-mining-companies-must-support-local-community-rights#comments Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-02-16-rural-transformation-key-sustainable-development <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director of Oxfam International, delivers a lecture about the <a href="http://www.ifad.org/events/gc/38/oxfam.htm" rel="nofollow">future of aid</a> on 17 February 2015 at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (<a href="http://www.ifad.org/" rel="nofollow">IFAD</a>), the Rome-based United Nations rural development agency. Her appearance is part of the 38th session of the Governing Council, IFAD's annual meeting of Member States, which will highlight rural transformation as a key to sustainable development. Our friends at IFAD sent us this entry, to help set the context for Winnie Byanyima's lecture.</em></p> <p>Byanyima's theme is timely, because 2015 represents a juncture for development. The process of <a href="https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015" rel="nofollow">defining new Sustainable Development Goals</a> provides an opportunity to refocus policies, investments and partnerships for more inclusive, sustainable and people-centered development. Consultations on the post-2015 development agenda have already helped give shape to a shared vision: a world where extreme poverty has disappeared, everyone has access to adequate and nutritious food, decent jobs are available to all, and natural resources are preserved and restored.</p> <h3>Social and economic change</h3> <p>With that vision in mind, smallholder farmers have enormous potential to contribute to sustainable development and food security. Realizing this potential will require increasing productivity, as well as improving access of rural people to markets, finance, technology and information to build more diversified and resilient rural economies.</p> <p>Poverty has multiple dimensions that go beyond low levels of income, consumption and material assets. This is why IFAD targets its investments towards <strong>rural transformation</strong> – a sustainable and comprehensive level of change that is social as well as economic.</p> <p>In a world that continues to be beset by conflict and violence, the links between sustainable and equitable rural transformation and the building of peaceful communities and societies cannot be ignored. The same conditions that hamper rural transformation provide fertile ground for unrest and conflict. Addressing the adverse conditions that affect rural women and men will be central to building the peaceful and prosperous societies of tomorrow.</p> <p><strong>New commercial opportunities</strong> are arising for many smallholders as a result of higher food prices and the possibility of new partnerships between farmers’ organizations and private-sector entities. It will be important to leverage these opportunities in order to reverse a perceived disaffection among young people with agriculture as a profession, at a time when youth populations are at an all-time high in many developing countries. In particular, the organization of farmers has the potential to overcome traditional constraints in accessing productive assets, technology, finance, training and markets.</p> <h3>Diversified incomes, new opportunities</h3> <p>As the demand for rural goods and services continues to grow and opportunities continue to expand, rural people can enhance and diversify their incomes – provided that the right policies and investments are in place. Wider diversity of economic activities, as well as the use of modern technologies and innovations in production processes, are key features of rural transformation. So too is expanded access to commercial opportunities in modern supply chains.</p> <p>Public institutions, along with development organizations such as IFAD, must play a leading role in increasing sustainability, innovation and scaling up of best practices. The following entry points will be critical:</p> <ul><li><strong>Key public goods that increase connectivity</strong> between rural and urban areas, enabling rural people to expand their productivity and access to markets;</li> <li><strong>Inclusive and fair tenure systems</strong> that facilitate access to land, water, forests and other productive assets, supported by targeted programs that promote women’s access to these assets and raise women’s awareness of their legal rights;</li> <li><strong>Opportunities for young people </strong>to engage in productive activities and increase their assets as a means of enhancing their livelihood options; and,</li> <li><strong>Access to risk management mechanisms</strong>, inclusive social protection systems, and quality public education and health systems for rural communities.</li> </ul><p>Clearly, greater investment will be essential to achieving these goals, but so will greater commitment, improved governance linked to decentralization and inclusive institutions, better coordination and a people-centered approach that involves rural people themselves in all phases of development. Effecting sustainable and inclusive rural transformation, as opposed to just dispensing aid, is as ambitious as it is necessary.</p> <p><em>Watch Winnie Byanyima's lecture live via webcast, Tuesday 17 February, 09.00 am CET: <strong><a href="http://webcasting.ifad.org/gc2015" rel="nofollow">http://webcasting.ifad.org/gc2015</a></strong> - send your questions via Twitter using <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23IFADgc&amp;src=typd" rel="nofollow">#IFADgc</a>.</strong></em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-02-03-why-ending-poverty-india-means-tackling-rural-poverty-and-power"><strong>Why ending poverty in India means tackling rural poverty and power</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-02-03-why-ending-poverty-india-means-tackling-rural-poverty-and-power"><strong>How can we feed 9 billion people and still preserve the environment?</strong></a></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-15-end-unfccc-cop20-peru-what-will-it-take-governments-act"><strong>Join Oxfam's campaign to help we all have enough to eat, always.</strong></a></p> <p><img alt="Rural transformation is smallholders farming sustainably. Image: IFAD" title="Rural transformation is smallholders farming sustainably. Image: IFAD" height="560" width="750" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/rural09.png" /></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development</h2></div> Mon, 16 Feb 2015 03:19:36 +0000 Guest Blogger 25336 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-02-16-rural-transformation-key-sustainable-development#comments