Oxfam International Blogs - clean water http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/clean-water en How one community in Jordan is raising women's voices - and ensuring clean water is not wasted http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-03-29-how-one-community-jordan-raising-womens-voices-and-ensuring-clean-water-not-wasted <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>With the support of Global Affairs Canada, Oxfam is working with community members, partners, and the Government of Jordan to improve water governance. And now the voices of the community's women are being heard.</strong></p><p>In Jordan, it is not common for government and citizens to talk face to face on issues of common concern. There is also <a href="https://reader.chathamhouse.org/new-social-enterprises-jordan-redefining-meaning-civil-society" rel="nofollow">skepticism on the role</a> of civil society.</p><p>Together with the Water Authority of Jordan, a group of people in Salt governorate, Jordan are working to change that.</p><p>Abir Suleiman Mrooj, Buthaina Al-Zubi, and Majde Algharagher are three of the twelve men and women who comprise a water community group in the town of Allan, Salt. Now, people of Salt can collaborate freely with government officials, air their grievances, and work together to improve water access and governance in their community.</p><p><img alt="Majde Algharagher and Buthaina Al-Zubi, working together to save water in Allan, Salt governorate, Jordan. Photo: Alixandra Buck" title="Majde Algharagher and Buthaina Al-Zubi, working together to save water in Allan, Salt governorate, Jordan. Photo: Alixandra Buck" height="827" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="2" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/majde-and-buthaina-credit-alixandra-buck-1240.jpg" /></p><p><em>Majde Algharagher and Buthaina Al-Zubi, working together to save water in Allan, Salt governorate, Jordan. Photo: Alixandra Buck</em></p><p>Rapid population growth, a mountainous landscape and neglect have frequently left people in Allan with insufficient access to water. Community members, including Mrooj and Al-Zubi, highlighted the issues to Algharagher, the Water Authority’s Director of Salt District. In turn he was able to convince the Water Authority to respond with extensive improvements to the local water network, valued at over 150,000 JOD (approximately $210,000 USD). Now, leakages in Allan have been reduced significantly - and further improvements are expected to cut back losses even more.</p><p>This is of particular importance in Jordan, one of the most water-scarce countries in the world. Water use far exceeds the replacement rate, and leaks, breakages and interrupted water supply are all too common - pointing to the need for systemic changes to water infrastructure, water governance and water use patterns.</p><p>Majde Algharagher was quick to recognize the issues: “There has been a huge increase in population in Jordan, so there is less water available per person,” he told Oxfam. “We are also seeing illegal pumping, which is making water even scarcer.”</p><p><img alt="Majde Algharagher, the Director of Salt District for the Water Authority of Jordan, speaks with community members. Photo: Alixandra Buck/Oxfam" title="Majde Algharagher, the Director of Salt District for the Water Authority of Jordan, speaks with community members. Photo: Alixandra Buck/Oxfam" height="827" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="3" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/majde-credit-alixandra-buck-1240.jpg" /></p><p><em>Majde Algharagher, the Director of Salt District for the Water Authority of Jordan, speaks with community members. Photo: Alixandra Buck/Oxfam</em></p><p><strong>Over 40% of water in Jordan’s network</strong> is <a href="https://www.usaid.gov/jordan/water-and-wastewater-infrastructure" rel="nofollow">lost through leakages</a> and other losses.</p><p>Abir Suleiman Mrooj, of Allan, told Oxfam, “The sight of wasted water all over the streets used to hurt us, as we were working so hard to save water in our homes... So at first, we were like a beehive around Mr. Algharagher – always pushing until we got a solution to each issue.”</p><p><strong>Collaborating with the community</strong> has made it easier for the Water Authority to find and stop water losses. According to Algharagher, “Now that I am in the water group, people can contact me directly by phone. Before they had to come to the office or call the ministry and it would be a long process to speak to me. We also have a Whatsapp group, so they can send me a picture of a broken pipe or any problem, and I can respond. I can immediately send maintenance staff, and they can fix it. The response is easier and faster than before.”</p><p><img alt="Abir Suleiman Mrooj, a water Ambassador from Salt, Jordan, is a leader in her community. Photo Alixandra Buck/Oxfam" title="Abir Suleiman Mrooj, a water Ambassador from Salt, Jordan, is a leader in her community. Photo Alixandra Buck/Oxfam" height="827" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="1" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/abir-credit-alixandra-buck-1240.jpg" /></p><p><em>Abir Suleiman Mrooj, a water Ambassador from Salt, Jordan, is a leader in her community. Photo Alixandra Buck/Oxfam</em></p><p><strong>Mrooj told Oxfam, “We housewives were able to achieve something</strong> for our community. The Water Authority heard my voice, and through me, the voices of many people in Jordan. We feel so proud that we could impact our community and the government.”</p><p>But things are still not perfect: “Now, my water is good. But honestly, other places still struggle.”</p><p>With the support of <a href="http://www.international.gc.ca/international/index.aspx?lang=eng" rel="nofollow">Global Affairs Canada</a>, Oxfam is working with community members, partners, and the Government of Jordan to improve water governance. We want to ensure that more people in the country can meet their basic water needs and participate in decision-making at the community and national level.</p><p><em>This entry posted by Alixandra Buck, Communications Advisor, Oxfam in Jordan, on 29 March 2018.</em></p><p><em>Top photo: A water community group meeting in Allan, Salt governorate, Jordan. Credit: Alixandra Buck/Oxfam<br></em></p><p><strong>Read <a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/search/node/jordan">more blogs about Jordan</a><br>Read <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/jordan" rel="nofollow">more about Oxfam's work in Jordan</a></strong></p><p></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>How one community in Jordan is raising women&#039;s voices - and ensuring clean water is not wasted</h2></div> Thu, 29 Mar 2018 15:17:11 +0000 Guest Blogger 81461 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-03-29-how-one-community-jordan-raising-womens-voices-and-ensuring-clean-water-not-wasted#comments In Syria, delivering water - and hope - in a 'time of great need' http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-03-28-syria-delivering-water-and-hope-time-great-need <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em><strong>Seven years after the Syria crisis began, families are struggling to access necessities, like water, food, and medicine. Through your support, we're delivering clean water to Hani and his family, and thousands more who fled the violence in East Ghouta.</strong></em></p><p>Last week marked <strong><a href="https://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-republic/seven-years-timeline-syria-crisis" rel="nofollow">seven years of brutal conflict in Syria</a></strong>. More than 12 million Syrians have fled their homes and are living as refugees in their own or neighboring countries—the majority in dire poverty.</p><p>Hani,* 16, and his family are among them. <strong><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/18-02-23-syria-civilians-urgent-need-violence-escalates-ghouta">Escalating violence</a></strong> forced them from East Ghouta, Syria, in 2013 to a community south of Damascus called Herjalleh. With no income, they couldn’t afford to rent an apartment. They had no choice but to set up a tent in this community of 30,000—nearly half of whom come from elsewhere in Syria.</p><p>Five years later, they are still living in a tent, but Hani is grateful for what shelter he has. ‘’Somehow, we got used to this tent,” he says. “At least there are no sounds of bombardment to keep me and my brothers awake all night.”</p><p><img alt="A member of the Oxfam team checks the water quality of a fountain, that some families in Herjalleh walk to, in order to fetch water. Photo: Dania Kareh/Oxfam" title="A member of the Oxfam team checks the water quality of a fountain, that some families in Herjalleh walk to, in order to fetch water. Photo: Dania Kareh/Oxfam" height="827" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="1" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/ogb_111561-oxfam-checking-water-1240-credit.jpg" /></p><p><em>A member of the Oxfam team checks the water quality of a fountain, that some families in Herjalleh walk to, in order to fetch water. Photo: Dania Kareh/Oxfam</em></p><h3>Water is costly</h3><p>The rapid increase in Herjalleh’s population has strained local resources, including its water network. The only way for families like Hani’s to get enough clean water consistently is to pay for it, but the cost is prohibitive—the equivalent of $12 a month, when the average income across rural Damascus is $100 a month.</p><p>So they must use public water fountains, and the nearest one is a 20-minute walk for Hani and his younger brothers along a busy highway. Hani’s mother is afraid her children will be hit by a car on one of their daily trips.</p><p><img alt="An Oxfam volunteer monitors the trucked water before it is pumped to the main water reservoir in Herjalleh, outside of Damascus, Syria. Photo: Dania Kareh/Oxfam" title="An Oxfam volunteer monitors the trucked water before it is pumped to the main water reservoir in Herjalleh, outside of Damascus, Syria. Photo: Dania Kareh/Oxfam" height="701" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="3" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/ogb_111562_water-truck-1240-credit.jpg" /></p><p><em>An Oxfam volunteer monitors the trucked water before it is pumped to the main water reservoir in Herjalleh, outside of Damascus, Syria. Photo: Dania Kareh/Oxfam</em></p><h3>Oxfam is there</h3><p>Recognizing that Herjalleh’s water supply couldn’t meet the needs of the growing population, Oxfam began trucking water to shelters in the community.</p><p>Between December 2017 and February 2018, we provided 66,043 gallons of clean, safe drinking water to over 2,000 families. This is part of our long-term strategy to provide aid for those in Syria as well as refugees in Jordan and Lebanon.</p><p>Now Hani and his siblings are no longer putting themselves at risk when they collect water.<br><br>“My little children used to walk every day, back and forth to fetch water, but now we have been filling water directly from Oxfam water trucks,” says Hani’s mother. “We hope the water shortage here is solved soon—this water came at a time of great need."</p><p><img alt="Wael* and Husam* return from their daily journey to collect drinking water for their family from a nearby water fountain, Herjalleh, Rural Damascus. Photo: Dania Kareh/Oxfam" title="Wael* and Husam* return from their daily journey to collect drinking water for their family from a nearby water fountain, Herjalleh, Rural Damascus. Photo: Dania Kareh/Oxfam" height="827" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="2" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/ogb_111560_boys-water-1240-credit.jpg" /></p><p><em>Wael* and Husam* return from their daily journey to collect drinking water for their family from a nearby water fountain, Herjalleh, Rural Damascus. Photo: Dania Kareh/Oxfam</em></p><p>Over the past year, through the support of people like you, <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/syria-crisis" rel="nofollow">we have helped more than 2 million people</a></strong> in Syria and in host communities. That includes providing safe drinking water, sanitation, and vital food aid, as well as helping refugees make a living.</p><p><em>*Names changed to protect identities.</em></p><p><em>This entry posted by <em>Shaheen Chughtai (<a rel="nofollow" href="https://twitter.com/ShaheenX">@ShaheenX</a>), Head of Campaigns, Policy &amp; Communications, Oxfam Syria Crisis Response, on 27 March 2018.</em><br></em></p><p><em>Top photo: Hani*, 16, and his siblings outside their family’s tent in a community for displaced people in Herjalleh, Syria. Credit: Dania Kareh/Oxfam</em></p><h3>What you can do now</h3><ul><li><strong>Read the blog: <a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/18-03-15-syria-crisis-seven-years-how-can-we-go-back-syria-no-longer-exists">Syria crisis seven years on: How can we go back to a Syria that no longer exists?</a></strong></li><li><strong>Support <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/syria-crisis" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's humanitarian work in Syria and in neigboring host communities</a></strong></li></ul><p></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>In Syria, delivering water - and hope - in a &#039;time of great need&#039;</h2></div> Tue, 27 Mar 2018 23:14:07 +0000 Shaheen Chughtai 81457 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-03-28-syria-delivering-water-and-hope-time-great-need#comments El Salvador makes history as first country to ban mining http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-04-04-el-salvador-makes-history-first-country-ban-mining <div class="field field-name-body"><p class="p1"><strong>El Salvador made history</strong> on March 29, 2017, becoming <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2017-03-29/el-salvador-takes-historic-step-national-ban-mining-projects">the first country in the world</a> to prohibit open-pit, underground, and artisanal metal mining. A clear declaration that water and the environment outweigh any commercial value, the legislation will protect the country’s water resources and the environment for all inhabitants and for future generations. The saying “water won out over gold”, repeated by legislators from all parties, will go down as the iconic quote of the day.</p> <p class="p1">It was a hard won struggle, fought over 10 years by the local communities, social movement organizations, churches, international allies, the academic sector, and the media, who raised their voices against metals mining in the country. Many gave their lives, including Marcelo Rivera, Dora Sorto (pregnant at the time of her murder), Ramiro Rivera and Juan Duran. Oxfam accompanied this struggle throughout the decade, supporting the communities and arguing that mining was not a sustainable option for reducing the high levels of poverty and inequality endemic to the country.</p> <p class="p1">Our work collectively demonstrates that active citizens engaged at local, national, and global levels are capable of changing power relations and influencing decision-makers to establish legal frameworks centered on the human rights of the majority.</p> <p class="p1"><strong>The next fight: water</strong></p> <p class="p1">Up next is an opportunity for the timely passage of <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2015/mar/25/human-right-water-salvadoran-ngos-global-campaign">El Salvador's General Water Law</a> -- dormant in the legislature these last 12 years due to staunch opposition from a few sectors. This changed on March 29, 2017 with the new anti-mining law and the commitments publicly expressed by the legislators to defend water as our most precious public resource.  </p> <p class="p1">In El Salvador, water is the most important public good and ensuring appropriate quality and access to it is a strategic precondition for reducing inequality and poverty, and promoting economic development. <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/el-salvador/building-resilience-drought-el-salvador">Oxfam has accompanied this struggle</a> and we are committed to continuing to enshrine the human right to water and food in the Salvadoran Constitution by approving the proposed reforms to Article 69 (see the video below), and passing the general water law. </p> <p class="p1">The new law to prohibit metals mining is also an important step toward slowing the advance of an economic model based on the extraction of natural resources that only concentrates wealth and generates inequality and social conflict. We hope that these decisions set in motion an irreversible march toward sustainable and just development for all people in El Salvador and the world.</p> <p class="p1">Onward!  </p> <p class="p1"><em>This entry posted by Ivan Morales, </em><span><em>Oxfam Country Director, El Salvador, on 4 April 2017.</em></span></p> <p><iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/KkdqbxJ_-FU?rel=0" allowfullscreen="" width="640" height="360" frameborder="0"></iframe></p> <p class="p1"><span><em> </em></span></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>El Salvador makes history as first country to ban mining</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/17-04-03-el-salvador-dice-no-la-miner%C3%ADa-s%C3%AD-la-vida" title="El Salvador dice no a la minería, sí a la vida" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 04 Apr 2017 14:42:42 +0000 Guest Blogger 81004 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-04-04-el-salvador-makes-history-first-country-ban-mining#comments Football promotes hygiene changes in Somalia http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-05-15-football-promotes-hygiene-changes-somalia <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Sports can be used as a tool for change to address social issues, including water and sanitation issues.</strong></p> <p>Access to safe water is a problem in the Lower and Middle Juba regions of <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/somalia" rel="nofollow">Somalia</a></strong>, where there is a <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/development/somalia/alternative-ways-working-photos" rel="nofollow">dependence on water pans, shallow wells and sparsely distributed boreholes</a></strong>. It’s estimated that less than 20 percent of the population have access to clean water and less than 40 percent have access to sanitation facilities. Improving access to safe water and sanitation facilities leads to healthier families and communities but this must be coupled with good hygiene practices. Hygiene promotion plays an important role in changing collective and individual behavior.</p> <h3>Football kits with hygiene messages</h3> <p>In partnership with the organization <strong><a href="http://www.wasda.or.ke/" rel="nofollow">WASDA</a></strong>, Oxfam organized a football (soccer) tournament as a way of communicating messages on good hygiene practices. Four football teams were selected to participate in the tournament held in Dobley town in Lower Juba. Each team received a football kit for their members that included 15 t-shirts, athletic shorts, and a football. The referees for the matches received an official uniform and the goal posts at the Dobley sports grounds were properly assembled for the tournament.</p> <p>Each of the football shirts had hygiene messages written on them in Somali language,</p> <blockquote><p>“Fadlan farahaahada sabuun kudhaq mar kasta ood, musqul isticmasho ka dib, inta aadan cuntada cunin, inta aadan cuntada diyaarinin and marka aad saxarada kadhaqdo ilmaha.”</p></blockquote> <p>Which translates as:</p> <blockquote><p>“Please wash your hands with soap after visiting the toilet, before you eat, before you prepare food and after changing the baby.”</p></blockquote> <h3>12 days of competition culminate in a penalty shootout</h3> <p>The competition was fierce and the tournament lasted 12 days with each of the four teams playing a game against each other determining which team advanced to advanced to the finals.</p> <p>On the final day of the tournament, Alhilaal and Barcelona emerged as the strongest teams and battled for the cup in the final game. After 90 minutes and extra time, neither of the teams produced a goal resulting in a nerve racking penalty shootout. Eventually Barcelona defeated Alhilaal by scoring four goals against their three and they received the cup amidst cheers.</p> <h3>Kicking off conversations in the community</h3> <p>The tournament was a very effective way to share hygiene messages with the community. The messages that were written on the football jersey sparked conversations and discussions on the importance of good hygiene practices. In addition many of the players will continue to wear their football jerseys in public within their own communities carrying further the messages of good hygiene practices. This is particularly effective in reaching young people who would then be the ambassadors of these messages among their peers.</p> <p>Although sports alone cannot solve the myriad of social issues affecting the community in Lower Juba, it was evident that it can be integrated into community programs and used as a tool to engage with hard to reach communities. The tournament attracted people from neighboring villages and towns – increasing the wide reach of the messages. Prior to the tournament, hygiene promoters were able to share messages in villages and towns mobilizing community members to attend the football matches. A public address system was used to disseminate the key hygiene messages before matches started, during half time and after the match ended. This was complemented by the large banners displayed around Dobley football grounds bearing related messages. The tournament was attended by over 200 people daily.</p> <p><em>This Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Integrated Livelihoods Emergency Project in Lower and Middle Juba was implemented with funding from the European Commission Department for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO).</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Photo gallery: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/development/somalia/alternative-ways-working-photos" rel="nofollow">Alternative ways of working in Lower and Middle Juba, Somalia</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Photo gallery: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/development/somalia/different-perspective-photos" rel="nofollow">Somalia: A different perspective</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/somalia" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's work in Somalia</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Football promotes hygiene changes in Somalia</h2></div> Thu, 15 May 2014 19:20:31 +0000 Stella Madete 10668 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-05-15-football-promotes-hygiene-changes-somalia#comments Philippines typhoon: In search of safe water to drink http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-11-12-philippines-typhoon-search-safe-water-drink <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Oxfam's early assessment team has sent through this report from Cebu island, Philippines.<strong></strong></em></p> <p><strong>Meet the Mondejar sisters: Nelia, Sarah Jane and Rizza Mae. They are aged 10, 8 and 5 respectively. Next to them is their friend, Jennylyn Pepito, 6 years old. They are all housed in one of the classrooms of Daanbantayan National High School, which currently serves an evacuation center for 160 families on Cebu island.</strong></p> <p>The Oxfam assessment team chanced upon them while they were crossing the street on their way back to the evacuation center. They were carrying a gallon of water each. Rizza Mae, who is only 5, lags behind, barely keeping up with her elder sisters. It turns out, they are the ones assigned to fetch water for their Moms who were in charge of cooking their food.</p> <h3>No electricity to run water pipes</h3> <p>“I followed them as they made their way back after emptying their gallons in a pail outside their room,” a member of the Oxfam assessment team reports. “They crossed the street again, wove their way among houses to get to a well in one of the houses further back.”</p> <p>“There I met Nanay Teofila Melendez, 82, who owns the well. She told me that from 2 PM till late in the evening, and even early dawn, the people from the evacuation center would find their way there to fetch water. She told me they only used it for washing given that it’s mixed with salt water. However, with no electricity these days to run their water pipes, they are left with no choice but to also use it for drinking. Nanay Teofila said they boil the water prior to using it for consumption.</p> <h3>Drinking salty water</h3> <p><strong>“While I chatted with Nanay Teofila, I see the kids happily getting on with the task.</strong> Nelia, being the oldest and the tallest, takes on the job of drawing water from the well. She then fills each gallon. When all 4 are filled, each girl would pick up one and then begin their exodus again.</p> <p>“I asked the girls how often they would fetch water in a day and they all replied, ‘Napu!’ which means ten times in Cebuano. They said they fetch water in the morning, during lunch and then in the afternoon as well. When I asked them whether, like Nanay Teofila, they also boil the water for drinking, their mother and other women in the center replied they don’t bother anymore. They said they only have enough fuel for cooking food and when they get thirsty, they just drink the water as is. When I pointed out that it’s part salty, they all replied they hardly have any choice, given their situation.”</p> <p>Among other measures to prevent the spread of diseases in the aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan, Oxfam is sending <strong><a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/10823513075/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">water treatment gear</a></strong> from Manila to areas affected by the Typhoon to make water safe.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Oxfam's response and how to donate: </strong><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/philippines-typhoon-haiyan" rel="nofollow">Philippines Typhoon Haiyan</a> </strong></p> <p><strong>Blog:  <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-11-12-climate-talks-philippines-rep-announces-fast-people-affected-typhoon-haiyan">Philippines representative's tearful testimony at the UN climate talks in Warsaw</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Philippines typhoon: In search of safe water to drink</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-11-13-tifon-en-filipinas-en-busca-de-agua-potable-para-beber" title="Tifón en Filipinas: en busca de agua potable para beber" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:34:56 +0000 Joel M Bassuk 10506 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-11-12-philippines-typhoon-search-safe-water-drink#comments Syrian refugee influx adding to Jordan’s water worries http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-03-22-syria-refugees-adding-jordan-water-worries <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Just a short distance from Zaatari, Jordan’s sprawling refugee camp, hosting more than 160,000 people who’ve fled conflict in Syria, lies a road full of small nurseries growing vegetables and olive trees.</strong></p> <p>One of them is run by Khaled. But these days he’s not at all happy. “There are problems every day,” he says, shaking his head gloomily. Apart from his concerns about worsening security at <strong><a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/sets/72157632802510283/show/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Zaatari camp</a></strong>, whose lines of white tents you can easily spot from his rows of greenhouses and olive trees, one of his main concerns is the shortage of water and the extra strains that the large number of refugees could mean for water availability in the future.</p> <p><strong>Over three thousand cubic metres of water is delivered each day</strong> into the camp at Zaatari, providing the growing numbers of refugees with clean water for drinking, cooking and cleaning. <strong></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/video/2013/syrias-refugee-crisis-oxfam-aid-delivery" rel="nofollow">Oxfam is working in the camp</a></strong>, installing water and sanitation facilities for more than 14,000 people.</p> <h3>One of the most water-stressed countries</h3> Metred water pipes at a household in Irbid, northern Jordan. The water is pumped into storage tanks. <p>It’s placing a huge strain on Jordan, which is ranked as one of the most water-stressed countries in the world, well before the recent flood of refugee arrivals.</p> <p><strong>Because of water constraints, </strong>Jordan only has 110 m3 of renewable fresh water per person each year putting it in the 'extreme water scarcity' category (&lt;500m2) (<em>see erratum below*</em>).  In order to meet even this low quantity, Jordan has been forced to extract more water from the ground than goes back in ever since the mid 1980's. It's only a matter of time before all the main sources run out.</p> <p>In <strong><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mafraq_Governorate" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Mafraq governorate</a></strong>, whose population has swollen to twice its size because of the refugee arrivals, and where Zaatari camp is located, problems have already begun appearing. Most households in northern Jordan are connected to piped water which is topped up through water trucking.</p> <p><strong>The piping system is old and creaking</strong>; and it is estimated that as much as 50% of water in the governorate is lost through leaks in the water network or by people illegally siphoning water from the system. </p> <p>Things get worse in the summer, when temperatures rise to around 33 degrees centigrade, and there’s an increase in population size, partly fuelled by tourists and returnee Jordanians coming home to visit their families.</p> <h3>Tensions with host communities</h3> <p><a href="https://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&amp;source=embed&amp;hl=ca&amp;geocode=&amp;q=Al+Mafraq,+Mafraq,+Jordan&amp;aq=&amp;sll=37.0625,-95.677068&amp;sspn=40.732051,79.013672&amp;ie=UTF8&amp;hq=&amp;hnear=Al+Mafraq,+Mafraq,+Jord%C3%A0nia&amp;ll=32.361682,36.219336&amp;spn=2.711832,4.938354&amp;t=h&amp;z=8" rel="nofollow">View larger map</a> </p><p>But as early as last month, there were signs of bigger problems to come. For two weeks in February, part of Mafraq town didn’t have any water deliveries for two weeks, due to water shortages.</p> <p><strong>Local people are blaming the refugees influx</strong> for making the water supply problem worse than normal. At one meeting, a host community told Oxfam staff that before the Syrian crisis erupted, water used to be delivered twice a week; now, they said, most areas only got water delivered once a week.</p> <p>The costs of getting water are also increasing. With greater numbers of users and higher water consumption, households are finding the water pipes are running dry more quickly and are having to purchase more water from the tankers – which incur extra costs.</p> <p><strong>Most families also pay out extra for filtered water</strong> to drink, complaining that the tap water is not good enough for drinking.   </p> <p>But many Syrian families, who arrived with little more than a pocketful of money and the clothes on their back, can’t afford to do this; and they’ve reported an increase in diarrhoeal cases among their young children who have no choice but to drink straight from the tap. </p> <h3>Higher costs</h3> <p>Jordan’s water woes are likely to get worse. First, the government is considering scrapping subsidies for fuel and electricity, making it likely the cost of water will soon go up. Some of the country’s well fields lie several hundred metres below sea level; and most lie at least 200 metres below ground level.  In either case, water has to be pumped out from the ground via generators.</p> <p><strong>The monthly electricity bill costs the Yarmouk Water Company</strong>, which provides water to four governorates in northern Jordan, around 1.2 million Jordan Dinar (JD) each month ($1.7 million); but the real (unsubsided) cost is more than three times higher. </p> <p>Back at his nursery, Khaled tells me that he’s had to destroy hundreds of olive trees and some of his saplings, because the cost of keeping them alive and watered is higher than the costs he can recoup selling his crops. “Right now, it costs around 300 JD ($424) a day to keep the heaters on in my greenhouses”, he tells me. “It’s just too expensive”.</p> <p>As summer approaches, the likelihood is that temperatures and tempers are set to soar, while the country’s water tables and wells continue to diminish.</p> <p><em>* Updated 24 April 2013: Erratum - This sentence “Jordan is only able to provide 150 m3 of water per person each year, compared to international standards of 500m3/year” should read "Jordan only has 110 m3 of renewable fresh water per person each year putting it in the 'extreme water scarcity' category (&lt;500m2)".</em></p> <h3>Related links</h3> <p><strong>Blog: <a href="/en/blogs/13-03-18-global-vigil-marked-two-year-anniversary-conflict-syria" rel="nofollow">A Global Vigil marked two year anniversary of the conflict in Syria</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Video: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/video/2013/syrias-refugee-crisis-oxfam-aid-delivery" rel="nofollow">Syria's refugee crisis, Oxfam aid delivery</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Donate to <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/syria-crisis#donate" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's Syria Crisis response</a></strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/syria-crisis" rel="nofollow"><strong></strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Syrian refugee influx adding to Jordan’s water worries</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-03-25-la-llegada-refugiados-sirios-agrava-escasez-agua-jordania" title="La llegada de refugiados sirios agrava la escasez de agua en Jordania" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-03-22-afflux-refugies-syriens-aggrave-penurie-eau-jordanie" title="L’afflux de réfugiés syriens aggrave la pénurie d’eau en Jordanie" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:45:46 +0000 Caroline Gluck 10292 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-03-22-syria-refugees-adding-jordan-water-worries#comments Ruanda: agua potable para cientos de refugiados y refugiadas de la RDC http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10030 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Ruanda es conocida como el país de las mil colinas, pero al llegar a Kigeme no estaba preparada para lo que significaba un campo de refugiados que aloja a más de 14.000 personas. Decir que el campo es sorprendente es quedarme corta: miles de tiendas se encuentran ordenadas en filas enclavadas en dos colinas, una de las cuales es tan empinada, que sólo se pueden instalar tiendas en tres cuartas partes de sus laderas</p> Cientos de tiendas ordenadas en filas en dos colinas del campo Kigeme. Foto: Laura Eldon/Oxfam <p>El campo es el hogar de la población refugiada congoleña que ha huido del <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/es/blogs/12-08-30-la-creciente-crisis-en-la-region-de-los-grandes-lagos-africana">recrudecimiento del conflicto en la República Democrática del Congo</a></strong> en la región de Kivu del Norte. Oxfam administra allí instalaciones de suministro de agua y saneamiento, lo que incluye sesiones de educación en higiene para ayudar a prevenir la propagación de enfermedades. En un espacio tan difícil, se trata de un reto logístico mayor.</p> <h3>Gran espíritu emprendedor </h3> <p>Caminar por el campo es una experiencia alentadora. A pesar de haber huido de un conflicto terrible, la vida continúa. Hay muchos niños jugando con pelotas caseras construidas a partir de bolsas de plástico, mientras que otros empujan coches de juguete hechos con tapas de botellas, o participan en  juegos en los que se lanzan piedras hacia distintas dianas. El espíritu emprendedor es alto: hay puestos improvisados que venden carbón vegetal y otros artículos esenciales. Y en quizá mi lugar favorito, existe hasta una 'casa de huéspedes' en la que se vende té.</p> <p>En un área tan densamente poblad<strong>a, el riesgo de que se produzcan enfermedades es elevado</strong>. Sin embargo, desde la apertura del campo aún no se ha registrado ningún brote de enfermedad.</p> <p>"El campamento Kigeme se ha mantenido muy limpio desde el principio", explicó Florencia Uwineza, responsable del equipo de Promoción de Salud Pública de Oxfam, al preguntarle sobre la gestión de las instalaciones. "Nuestro equipo se encontraba en el campo cuando se empezó a transferir a las primeras personas desde el campamento temporal próximo a la frontera. Les dimos la bienvenida a la entrada y les proporcionamos instrucciones clave sobre higiene para que constataran la importancia de mantener la limpieza en los baños y de lavarse las manos desde el primer momento".</p> <h3>Manteniendo el campo limpio</h3> El club de la higiene: estos juegos  ayudan a que los menores aprendan a lavarse las manos. Foto: Laura Eldon/Oxfam <p>Este trabajo se ha complementado con la capacitación de 40 líderes comunitarios de diferentes áreas del campamento sobre salud pública. También ellos ayudan a llevar a cabo una serie de clubes de higiene dirigidos a hombres, mujeres, jóvenes, niños y niñas, los que a través de juegos y actuaciones transmiten mensajes importantes.</p> <p><strong>Nuestro equipo también ha establecido una serie de puntos de agua</strong>, suministrados a su vez por grandes tanques de agua ubicados en la parte superior de cada colina. El agua se canaliza al campamento desde las tuberías de la ciudad de Nyamagabe, ubicada a cinco kilómetros, hasta un tanque central de Oxfam. Desde aquí, una bomba de gasoil bombea agua hasta la cima de cada colina desde donde se distribuye a los puntos de agua, distribuidos por el terreno escarpado para que nadie tenga que llevar el agua demasiado lejos en estas encumbradas colinas. En cada punto de agua se indican las horas de apertura y mensajes de higiene específicos sobre cómo mantener los recipientes limpios.</p> <h3>Improbabilidad de volver en un futuro próximo</h3> Jeanette atendiendo un punto de agua de Oxfam. Foto: Laura Eldon/Oxfam <p>Encontramos a Jeanette al visitar un punto de agua en uno de los lados más empinadas de los cerros de Kigeme. Entrenada por Oxfam en materia de higiene, Jeanette actúa como una "asistente de punto de agua", gestionando la entrega de agua en los horarios establecidos. "Creo que la parte más importante de mi trabajo es asegurarme de que la gente no juegue alrededor del punto de agua y mantener el área limpia. Antes, la gente solía venir con bidones sucios, pero ahora me aseguro de que los limpien antes de usarlos. Creo que es el mayor logro de mi trabajo.”</p> <p>Esta es una pequeña tarea en comparación con <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/emergencies" rel="nofollow">algunas de las emergencias más grandes donde Oxfam trabaja</a></strong>, pero también se trata de un país que no está acostumbrado a recibir programas humanitarios. Mientras el conflicto y la inestabilidad continúen en la RDC, es muy improbable que estos refugiados vuelvan a sus casas en un futuro próximo. Al tiempo que nuestro equipo se prepara para traspasar su labor a un socio local con el fin de mantener los sistemas que hemos instalado, nos sentimos orgullosos del trabajo realizado.</p> <h3>Más información</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/conflicto-rdc" rel="nofollow">Conflicto en la República Democrática del Congo</a></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/development/ruanda" rel="nofollow">El trabajo de Oxfam en Ruanda</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/rdc" rel="nofollow">El trabajo de Oxfam en la República Democrática del Congo</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Ruanda: agua potable para cientos de refugiados y refugiadas de la RDC</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-10-17-rwanda-safe-water-thousands-congolese-refugees" title="Rwanda: Safe water for thousands of Congolese refugees" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/12-11-07-rwanda-eau-potable-refugies-congolais-RDC" title="Rwanda : de l’eau potable pour des milliers de réfugiés congolais" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 31 Oct 2012 15:21:12 +0000 Laura Eldon 10030 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10030#comments Rwanda: Safe water for thousands of Congolese refugees http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-10-17-rwanda-safe-water-thousands-congolese-refugees <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Rwanda is famous as the country of a thousand hills, but arriving in Kigeme I wasn’t quite prepared for what that meant for a refugee camp hosting more than 14,000 people. To say the camp is striking is no understatement – thousands of shelters lie in neat rows on ridges dug into two hills, one of which is so steep it can only house shelters on three quarters of its slopes.</strong></p> Thousands of shelters, in neat rows on ridges dug into two hills: Kigeme camp. Photo: Laura Eldon/Oxfam <p>Home to Congolese refugees who have fled an <strong><a href="/en/blogs/12-08-27-growing-crisis-great-lakes" rel="nofollow">upsurge in fighting in DRC’s troubled North Kivu region</a></strong>, Oxfam has been managing water and sanitation facilities across the camp, including running hygiene sessions to help prevent the spread of disease. In such a challenging terrain, this is no mean logistical feat.</p> <h3>Entrepreneurial spirit is high</h3> <p>Walking around the camp is a heartening experience. Despite having fled terrible conflict, life goes on. Numerous children line the pathways playing with homemade footballs constructed from plastic bags, while others pull toy cars made out of bottle caps, or take part in elaborate games involving flicking stones at different targets. Entrepreneurial spirit is high – makeshift stalls have sprung up selling charcoal and other essentials. And in perhaps my favorite spot, there’s even a ‘guest house’ selling tea.</p> <p><strong>In such a densely populated area,</strong> the risk of disease can be high. Yet, there have been no recorded outbreaks of illness since the camp opened.</p> <p>“Kigeme camp has been very clean from the beginning,” Florence Uwineza, Oxfam’s Public Health Promotion Team Leader, explained when I asked how facilities were being managed. “Our team was at the camp when the first people began being transferred from the transit camp near the border. We greeted them at the entrance and handed out key messages about hygiene so they knew about the importance of keeping toilets clean and washing hands from the start.”</p> <h3>Keeping the camp clean</h3> Hygiene club: These games help kids learn about hand washing. Photo: Laura Eldon/Oxfam <p>This work has since been supplemented through training 40 Community Leaders to teach different areas of the camp about public health. They also help run a number of hygiene clubs for men, women, youth and children involving games and putting on plays to get important messages across.</p> <p><strong>Our staff also set up a series of water points</strong> serviced by large water tanks sitting at the top of each hill. Water is piped to the camp from the city pipeline in <strong><a href="http://www.nyamagabe.gov.rw/" rel="nofollow">Nyamagabe</a></strong>, five kilometers away to a large tank in the Oxfam compound using gravity. From here a diesel pump pumps water up to the top of one hill at a time from where it is distributed down to a number of tap stands, staggered across the steep terrain so that no one has to carry water too far up the hilly pathways. Signs at each water point indicate specific opening hours and display hygiene messages about keeping containers clean.</p> <h3>Unlikely to return soon</h3> Jeanette, an attendant at an Oxfam tap stand. Photo: Laura Eldon/Oxfam <p><strong>We met Jeanette</strong> visiting a water point on one of the steeper sides of the hills at Kigeme. Trained by Oxfam in safe hygiene matters, Jeanette now acts as a ‘tap stand attendant’, manning the water point at fixed times when the supply has been turned on. “I think the most important part of my job is making sure that people don’t play around at the water point and also keeping the area clean. Before people used to come here with dirty jerrycans, but now I make sure they clean them before they collect water – I think that’s the biggest achievement of my job.”</p> <p><strong>It’s a small operation here</strong> compared to some of the larger <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies" rel="nofollow">emergencies Oxfam responds to</a></strong>, but it’s also a unique one in a country not used to dealing with humanitarian programs. While fighting and instability continues in DRC it’s unlikely that these refugees will be returning home anytime soon. As our team prepares to hand over its work to a local partner to maintain the systems they’ve set up, they’re justly proud of the work they’ve done.</p> <h3>Related links</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/congo/helping-idps-near-goma-photos" rel="nofollow">Photos: Helping internally displaced people, near Goma, eastern DRC</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/congo" rel="nofollow">Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo</a></strong></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/rwanda" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam's work in Rwanda</strong></a></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/drc" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's work in the Democratic Republic of the Congo</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Rwanda: Safe water for thousands of Congolese refugees</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/12-10-31-ruanda-agua-potable-para-cientos-de-refugiados-y-refugiadas-de-la-rdc" title="Ruanda: agua potable para cientos de refugiados y refugiadas de la RDC" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/12-11-07-rwanda-eau-potable-refugies-congolais-RDC" title="Rwanda : de l’eau potable pour des milliers de réfugiés congolais" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Thu, 18 Oct 2012 10:02:09 +0000 Laura Eldon 9998 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-10-17-rwanda-safe-water-thousands-congolese-refugees#comments Pregnant women and children facing hard time in Somalia http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-10-16-pregnant-women-and-children-facing-hard-time-somalia <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Following last year’s <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/east-africa-food-crisis" rel="nofollow">food crisis in Somalia</a> which affected millions of people, the humanitarian situation in the country has largely fallen off the news agenda. We have recently seen a rush of stories about how things are <a href="http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/10/08/the_mayor_of_mogadishu" rel="nofollow">improving</a> <a href="http://www.abc.net.au/lateline/content/2012/s3601574.htm" rel="nofollow">in</a> <a href="http://sabahionline.com/en_GB/articles/hoa/articles/features/2012/10/15/feature-01" rel="nofollow">Mogadishu</a>, the <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/16/somalia-politics-idUSL5E8KG2AT20120916" rel="nofollow">changing of the president</a>, and <a href="http://sabahionline.com/en_GB/articles/hoa/articles/features/2012/09/30/feature-01" rel="nofollow">conflict around Kismayo</a>, but little attention has been paid to the rest of the country.</strong></p> <p>This year, the main rainy season (called the <strong><a href="http://wardheernews.com/Articles_2011/March/09_todob_rains-ahmed.html" rel="nofollow">Gu rains</a></strong>) that should last from April until June was poor. To find out the impact of the poor rains, Oxfam conducted a survey over July and August. Our research revealed that despite improving conditions for people in Mogadishu, the situation remains critical for over 2 million people across the south of the country. One of the most striking findings from a survey of over 1,800 households was the disproportionate numbers of deaths caused by preventable pregnancy related complications.</p> <h3>Pregnancy risks</h3> Only 44 percent of women with children under the age of one are breastfeeding. Photo: Oxfam <p>Half of the families had experienced disease or death in their families. 60 percent of those were from pregnancy related issues such as anemia, hypertension, excessive loss of blood and obstruction during labor. People said they had trouble getting the healthcare they needed because there were minimal health facilities nearby.</p> <p>Also only 44 percent of women with children under the age of one are breastfeeding which leads to an increase in illness, malnutrition and premature death in infants.</p> <h3>Access to water</h3> <p>The survey also revealed worrying news on people’s access to food and water. In Gedo, Bakool and Mudug, people expressed concerns about access to water with some women in Gedo telling us that they were making 18km round trips to collect water and they feared attack on the long journeys.</p> <p>Accessing water from surface ponds and shallow pools without water treatment increases the risk of disease and a recent cholera/acute watery diarrhea outbreak in Lower Juba has killed at least 39 people so far.</p> <p>El Niño conditions are predicted, which means forecasts of more flooding in Lower and Middle Shabelle, and Middle Juba. With flooding comes increased risk of water contamination, and damage and silting up of water sources.</p> <h3>Access to food</h3> <p>More than 70 percent of people asked predicted they wouldn’t have enough to eat in the next four months, with over 40 percent saying they were already skipping meals. You need to put this into the context of families already facing acute malnutrition – missing meals is much more serious than it can sound to some of us.</p> <h3>Livestock ownership</h3> <p>This is interesting given the reliance on livestock across Somali pastoral communities. We found that goat prices were remaining steady but families didn’t want to sell as their herds had been heavily depleted during last year’s drought. The other main shift is the huge decrease in cattle ownership and a smaller increase in more drought resistant animals like goats and camels.</p> <h3>Reliance on aid and the need for long term investment</h3> <p>Two main learning points emerged from the survey which will inform Oxfam’s work in Somalia going forward.</p> <p><strong>Firstly, the international community </strong>needs to keep humanitarian aid coming – with myriad other crises across Sahel, DRC, Sudan, and other places – we know that budgets are spread thinly and this is a warning to all of us that we need to maintain focus in Somalia to prevent people falling back into crisis.</p> <p><strong>Secondly, all agencies involved in Somalia </strong>need to build resilience of Somalis to deal with repeated crises. “Resilience” in humanitarian response has become a popular buzzword but now is the time for us all to put this into practice in Somalia.</p> <p>This means programs like:</p> <ul><li>Cash for work to help people in emergency situations carry out activities such as tree planting and rangeland improvement that should help land to be productive even when rains are insufficient;</li> <li>Restocking programs for pastoralists;</li> <li>Rehabilitation of canals: providing short term jobs and long term irrigation for crops;</li> <li>Training young people in skills that help them earn a decent living meaning they and their families are less likely to run short when prices rise;</li> <li>Sustainable provision of clean water and health which means people are stronger and healthier and more able to cope when food availability declines.</li> </ul><h3>Related links</h3> <p><strong>Download the full report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/oxfam-mb-somalia-food-livelihoods-alert-8oct2012.pdf" rel="nofollow">Somalia Food and Livelihoods Alert</a></strong> (PDF, 304 KB)</p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/somalia" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam's work in Somalia</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Pregnant women and children facing hard time in Somalia</h2></div> Tue, 16 Oct 2012 14:02:37 +0000 Ed Pomfret 9990 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-10-16-pregnant-women-and-children-facing-hard-time-somalia#comments Búsqueda del agua: responsabilidad de niño. La vida de la población congoleña refugiada en Uganda http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/9973 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Como el conflicto en el este de la República Democrática del Congo se ha agravado en los últimos meses, las personas continúan huyendo hacia la frontera con Uganda. Oxfam está suministrando agua potable y saneamiento en el campo de Rwamwanja, ahora hogar de más de 25.000 personas.</em></p>  Niños de Rwamwanja recogiendo agua. Foto: Janna Hamilton/Oxfam <p>Bajo el calor del sol de mediodía, Inocencio, 5 años de edad, se tambalea mientras camina por la carretera bajo el peso de un bidón lleno.</p> <p>Él y su grupo de jóvenes amigos habían salido a las 7 de la mañana a buscar agua. Cinco horas más tarde, el grupo vuelve con un poco de agua a sus tiendas. El agua será utilizada por sus familias para cocinar, bañarse y lavar durante ese día.</p> <p>Francise, de seis años, dice que no le importa caminar cuatro kilómetros ni llevar el pesado bidón: "Si recogo agua, significa que mi madre podrá cocinarme, así que no importa, pero me gustaría que el grifo estuviera aquí ", agrega señalando el suelo cerca de su tienda.</p> <p>El campo de Rwamwanja, ahora hogar de más de 25.000 refugiados y refugiadas congoleñas, se extiende sobre más de 80 kilómetros cuadrados en terreno montañoso, y muchas familias se asentaron lejos de las fuentes de agua existentes. Inocencio y sus amigos no han tenido más remedio que recoger de la bomba de agua que pertenece a la comunidad de acogida en Rwamwanja.</p> <h3>Crecen las tensiones por el acceso al agua</h3> <p>El ingeniero de agua y saneamiento de Oxfam, Evarest Ochola, dice que la tensión está creciendo al mismo tiempo que más personas están viendo limitado su acceso a agua limpia y segura. </p> <p><strong>Nyirahabimana, 47 años, cuenta que le disparon mientras </strong>recogía agua en la bomba cercana al campo y que tuvo que esperar que la gente de la comunidad de acogida llenará primero sus bidones.</p> <p>A pesar de lo anterior, Nyirahabimana dice que su principal preocupación es la higiene. Y apunta a un hoyo ubicado a unos pocos metros de la tienda que comparte con su marido y su hijo de 11 años. </p> <p>“Nuestra letrina es insegura. Yo sé que es insalubre, pero no tenemos nada más.”</p> <h3>El trabajo de Oxfam </h3> <ul><li><strong>Oxfam está perforando nuevos pozos y construyendo nuevas bombas </strong>de agua en el campo. Pronto el acesso al agua potable estará a poca distancia de las familias refugiadas. </li> <li><strong>Mientras tanto, se han distribuido 90.000 tabletas para purificar el agua y barras de jabón. </strong>para asegurar el contro de epidemis. Se controla constantemente que el agua sea segura para beber. </li> <li><strong>Oxfam también está formando a integrantes de la comunidad refugiada</strong> en promoción de la salud y la mantención de los puntos de agua, también está entregando posibilidad de trabajo a las personas refugiadas que participan en la construcción de letrinas. </li> </ul><p>Con el acceso al agua más cercano, las mujeres y los niños y niñas dedicarán menos tiempo a la recogida de agua. Con el aumento de los pozos y puntos de agua cerca del campo, se evitarán los conflictos con la comunidad de acogida. Y cuando las personas refugiadas puedan volver a casa, éstos quedarán para la población local. </p> <h3>Más información</h3> <p><strong>Fotos: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/desarrollo/republica-democratica-congo/trabajo-oxfam-imagenes-rdc" rel="nofollow">El trabajo de Oxfam en la RDC</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/conflicto-rdc" rel="nofollow">El conflicto en la República Democrática del Congo</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Búsqueda del agua: responsabilidad de niño. La vida de la población congoleña refugiada en Uganda</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-09-17-collecting-water-childs-burden-drc-refugees-uganda" title="Collecting water – a child’s burden: DRC refugees in Uganda" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Wed, 26 Sep 2012 13:34:32 +0000 Janna Hamilton 9973 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/9973#comments