Oxfam International Blogs - competition http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/competition en Day 6: Growing a More Food-Secure World http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-12-17-day-6-growing-more-food-secure-world <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong><em>An agriculture that is resilient and sustainable, and provides sufficient safe, affordable food for all, will be built on four cornerstones: comparative advantage, open trade, markets that work for both producers and consumers, and an African continent that contributes positively to food production.</em></strong></p> <p><em>By Harold Poelma, Managing Director of<strong> <a href="http://www.cargill.com/worldwide/index.jsp" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Cargill Refined Oils Europe</a></strong></em></p> <p>There are about 870 million undernourished people in the world today. There will be two billion more people on the planet by mid-century. Most believe feeding this more urban and more affluent population will require increasing food production by an estimated 70 percent. </p> <p>Such a production increase is not out of reach. Farmers are smart and determined people – they have roughly doubled the amount of grains, rice and oilseeds they produce since 1975. Most of that increase has come from yield gains enabled by a combination of improved genetics, new technologies, better agronomics and increased intensification – producing more on essentially the same amount of land. </p> <p>This is reason for optimism. Cargill believes there is no doubt we can feed the world. Our analysis is not just a theoretical desk-top view but one based on our practical experience working with farmers in our operations around the world. It is demonstrably true that with current technology the world’s farmers today harness the power of photosynthesis to produce all the calories a world of 9 billion people will require. </p> <h3><em>“With current technology the world’s farmers today harness the power of photosynthesis to produce all the calories a world of 9 billion people will require.”</em></h3> <p>Despite these facts, food insecurity persists. The calories the world’s farmers produce are unevenly distributed. Rising food prices, primarily the results of issues of supply and demand – and this year in part due to shortages caused by droughts in key grain-producing areas – threaten to undermine recent reductions in hunger. </p> <p>What must agriculture look like at midcentury to overcome obstacles to global food security? At Cargill, we believe the model that will meet the objectives of being resilient, sustainable and providing sufficient safe, affordable food for all will be built on four cornerstones: comparative advantage, open trade, markets that work for both producers and consumers, and an African continent that contributes positively to food production. </p> <p>Producing enough food to feed the world starts with honouring the principle of comparative advantage. Midcentury agriculture will produce the most food in the most economical and environmentally sustainable way if all farmers plant the crops best suited for their growing conditions. This recognizes a simple fact: fertile soil, abundant rain and plentiful sunshine are not equally available across the planet. Rather, nature has endowed certain geographies with the natural resources necessary to produce a surplus of calories in the form of, for example, wheat from the plains of North America, rice from paddies in Southeast Asia or soybeans from Brazil. </p> <h3><em>“Producing enough food to feed the world starts with honouring the principle of comparative advantage.”</em></h3> <p>The alternative – the pursuit of food self-sufficiency at a national or regional level – undermines the increases in output a growing global population will require, inefficiently uses scarce natural resources and can cause significant environmental harm. We must continue to improve productivity and importantly bring best practices and technologies to those areas of the world, such as Africa, that currently are not fulfilling their agricultural potential.  </p> <p> A resilient, sustainable mid-century agricultural system will also require an open, trust-based trading system to move surpluses to places of food deficit. Today, only about 15 percent of all the food produced in the world crosses international borders. That percentage will increase. Global population growth is skewing toward areas that are not blessed with the natural resources required to produce food. Growing crops where the soils and climate are best suited for them and allowing open trade will provide the food that is needed, while minimizing overall environmental impacts by reducing the resources and inputs required.</p> <p>Consider what has occurred to food flows in roughly the last fifty years. Increased food production in North and South America and lately Eastern Europe is providing the food required to feed the growing populations in Asia, the Middle East and Africa. To feed 9 billion people by 2050, we will need another strong food producer like Brazil, as well as open trade so the surpluses flow readily to areas of food deficit. Open and trust-based trade is also a primary means to help offset inevitable but unpredictable crop failures. The global supply of food varies less year-over-year than the local supply.  </p> <p>A third cornerstone will be efficient, transparent and well-regulated markets. The combination of open trade and efficient markets results in prices that signal farmers about what and how much to produce. A price that adequately rewards farmers for their efforts and provides enough money to motivate them to produce again next year is the fundamental ingredient of sustainable agriculture – arguably more important than any other crop input. </p> <h3><em>“A third cornerstone will be efficient, transparent and well-regulated markets”</em></h3> <p>By contrast, interfering with the behavior-changing power of price can have unintended consequences. When governments impose price controls on commodities, ostensibly to protect the urban poor, they inadvertently send a signal to their farmers to produce less. Other means to protect consumers from food price increases, such as direct payments from governments, would be less damaging to agricultural interests. While acknowledging the burden of rising food prices on the world’s poor, we must also recognize the energizing power of price to motivate the world’s producers to plant more crops. </p> <p>The fourth cornerstone that will enable a more food-secure world is an African continent able to exploit its agricultural potential. Africa represents about 60 percent of the potentially available cropland in the world. It has land well suited for agriculture, with fertile soil, adequate rains, plentiful sun. Yet Africa is a net importer of food and has experienced very low agricultural productivity gains over the last forty years. </p> <p>It doesn’t have to be this way. Changes in policies, improvements in infrastructure and the institution of property rights will be required to overcome the challenges. Clarity about property rights is particularly crucial. Farmers in Africa – and everywhere, for that matter – must have clear rights over the land they cultivate before they can be expected to reinvest in their operations and improve their productivity. Similarly, resolving property rights issues is critical to attracting private sector investment in African agriculture. </p> <p>Enabling smallholder farmers to fulfill their potential is crucial to the continuing development of agriculture and to global food production. These small-scale farmers need access to better crop inputs, from seed and fertilizer to tractors and other technology, and training in how to use them. Such practical support will increase their productivity in support of our growing worldwide food needs and it will also provide them with means to raise their own living standards. This is no more evident than today in Africa. </p> <h3><em>“A resilient, sustainable agricultural system that produces enough food for all at a price that can be borne by all is within reach.”</em></h3> <p>There is more momentum than ever to tackle policy, infrastructure, crop input and property rights issues in Africa. With the support and involvement of the G8’s New Alliance for Food and Nutrition Security and the Grow Africa partnership, the private sector, nongovernmental organizations and African governments are working to develop sustainable markets for food grown on the continent. </p> <p>In May 2012, Cargill was among 30 multinational companies announcing support for these initiatives, which we believe will foster policy discussions and commitments to accelerate investment and transformative change in African agriculture. The collective intent is to work with governments and nongovernmental organizations to develop public/private partnerships to make change happen. </p> <p>A resilient, sustainable agricultural system that produces enough food for all at a price that can be borne by all is within reach. This does not mean there is room for complacency. We believe it remains essential that organizations, both public and private, continue to work together to provide the structure, support and investment that will contribute to agricultural development that can meet the challenge of feeding a world on its way to 9 billion people.</p> <p>Download: <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/growing-more-food-secure-world-poelma-dec2012.pdf" target="_blank">Growing a More Food-Secure World</a> </strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Day 6: Growing a More Food-Secure World </h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/12-12-17-jour-6-cultivons-un-monde-dote-une-meilleure-securite-alimentaire" title="Jour 6: Cultivons un monde doté d’une meilleure sécurité alimentaire" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/12-12-17-dia-6-cultivemos-un-mundo-con-mayor-seguridad-alimentaria" title="Día 6: Cultivemos un mundo con mayor seguridad alimentaria " class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Sun, 16 Dec 2012 23:00:01 +0000 Harold Poelma 10147 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-12-17-day-6-growing-more-food-secure-world#comments Flavio, Diego and Gladys celebrate the end of the GROW recipe competition http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-03-13-flavio-diego-and-gladys-celebrate-end-grow-recipe-competition <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>The GROW recipe competition attracted foodies from across Peru and Latin America, with some <a href="https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.308716622505617.71992.197021747008439&amp;type=1" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">truly inspiring entries</a>. Cada Every dish celebrated the produce grown in Peru by small-scale farmers every day.</strong></p> <p>Peruvian chef Flavio Solorzano, chose Diego Camacho, a 21 year old graduate of Le Cordon Bleu Peru as the winner. He invited Diego and his guest, Gladys Lucana from <strong><a href="http://femucarinap.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">FEMUCARINAP</a></strong> to dine with him at his restaurant Señorio Sulco in Lima. Diego’s entry featured on Flavio’s menu as a limited edition <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/crece" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">GROW</a></strong> meal. Gladys was the winner of the ‘honourable mention’, for her recipe “Laberinto de Kinwa Qomer”, using homegrown Peruvian ingredients.</p> <p></p> <p>Flavio prepared a selection of Andean and Amazonian dishes, with staples of Peruvian cuisine; meat, potatoes, cassava and local vegetables. Over dinner, the three food 'musketeers' discussed the importance of the work done by small-scale farmers, and how rural women are true food innovators. Gladys told them that women are always creating new dishes for their families to make food go further. They exchanged recipe ideas and Peru's reliance on natural products from the countryside.</p> <p>Three chefs from three different backgrounds (Gladys from the rural countryside, Diego from the coast – Trujillo - and Flavio from the capital), bonded through their shared love for the natural products and cuisine of Peru, and a common goal; to promote and support the work of small-scale farmers.</p> <p></p> <p>The winning dish: “Tribute to Pachamama” (Mother Earth)</p> <p></p> <p>Flavio's version of Diego's dish</p> <p><strong>When colleagues from Oxfam in Peru spoke to Diego to find out more about his life and work, it became clear just how much winning the competition meant to him.</strong> Not only did it give him the opportunity to show off his skills in the kitchen, with local ingredients, but learning about the hidden heroines of the food system opened his eyes to the work being done by women in fields and on farms all over Peru.</p> <p>“They say behind every man there is a woman,” he said.</p> <p><strong>“Behind the ‘superstar’ cooks, are small-scale farmers with willpower, faith and optimism. </strong>Farmers – food heroes - are often not considered and are forged to anonymity.” </p> <p>“I feel that I can identify with small-scale farmers. They usually wake up before the sun to work the land with their hands. But can you even imagine what we would be without you, my dearest small-scale farmers?”</p> <p>“I am very happy to be chosen as the winner of the GROW recipe competition. Participating has truly opened my eyes. Opportunities in Peru are increasing; we are a rapidly developing country with great potential that every day is more surprising."</p> <p><strong>“Please, when cooking, do not buy from the cheapest bidder, but find out where your food is coming from</strong> and about the best way to support small-scale producers. It could be the start of a food culture revolution.”</p> <p>Gladys Lucana Moya, from Puno, in southeastern Peru is an activist for small-scale women farmers. She was honoured by Flavio for her creation, “Laberinto de Kinwa Qomer”, (Green Quinoa Maze).  <strong></strong></p> <p><strong>“Nowadays, people only think of food as a commodity, and we do not think about access to food as the fundamental right of people.</strong> Women producers face a harsh reality in the field, exposed to unfair conditions such as excessive working hours, lower wages than of men, no land titles and without health insurance, among other things.”</p> <p>“My dish is for all those rural women that are guardians of our food sovereignty, as there is still too little awareness of the work that these women do”, Glady said.<strong></strong></p> <p><em><strong><a href="http://femucarinap.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">FEMUCARINAP</a></strong> is an organization of women from across Peru who campaign for women producers and their right to land, dignity and freedom from exploitation.</em></p> <p></p> <h3>Find out more</h3> <p><strong>"Tribute to Pachamama": <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/grow" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">the winner of the GROW recipe competition</a></strong></p> <p>Oxfam GROW Campaign</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Flavio, Diego and Gladys celebrate the end of the GROW recipe competition</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/12-03-06-flavio-se-cita-con-diego-ganador-del-concurso-de-recetas-de-crece" title="Flavio, Diego y Gladys celebran el final del concurso de recetas CRECE" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 13 Mar 2012 10:55:42 +0000 Rosie Cowling 9811 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/12-03-13-flavio-diego-and-gladys-celebrate-end-grow-recipe-competition#comments CL!CK photo competiton winners: how aid is helping local communities http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-10-20-click-photography-competition-aid-helping-local-communities <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>A few months ago I wrote about a new <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blog/11-07-08-your-creativity-needed-oxfams-new-photo-competition" target="_blank" title=" Oxfam’s new photo competition (Oxfam GB)">photography competition</a> that Oxfam was involved with, partnering with the good people over at <a href="http://www.clickaboutit.net/" target="_blank" title="Click about it - Worldwide Photography Competition" rel="nofollow">European Journalism Centre</a>. Now, I’m delighted to be able to write again – announcing some winners!</strong></p> <p>We asked people to take images around the idea of AID. Primarily we wanted people to use their own skill and creativity to capture interesting and moving images. And hundreds of them certainly did that!</p> <p>We set a couple of points of guidance:</p> <ul><li>How “aid” is changing the local community;</li> <li>What kinds of activities and campaigns in developed countries are being carried out to “aid” the less/least developed world.</li> </ul><p>But I was really interested to see what the global community of photographers came back with. It was difficult to pick winners in amongst so many great entries. <strong><a href="http://wildfireapp.com/website/6/contests/131787/voteable_entries/30806700" target="_blank" title="Helping the Disadvantage Help Themselves - Larrie Louis" rel="nofollow">Larry Louie ‘Helping the disadvantaged help themselves’</a></strong> (above) was judged in first place. Check out some of the photos below.</p> <p>And in the coming months keep an eye out as we’ve got some exciting plans for what we do with the amazing images that were shot.</p> <h3>#2 Aid of people in Brazil (Daniel Marenco)</h3> <p><a href="http://wildfireapp.com/website/6/contests/131787/voteable_entries/31480989" target="_blank" title="Aid of people in Brazil - by Daniel Marenco" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <h3>#2 Aid in Africa (Paolo Patruno)</h3> <p><a href="http://wildfireapp.com/website/6/contests/131787/voteable_entries/31480919" target="_blank" title="AID in Africa - by Paolo Patruno" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <h3>#2 Rewa Soma – new hope for a safe future (Sarika Gulati)</h3> <p><a href="http://wildfireapp.com/website/6/contests/131787/voteable_entries/31480989" target="_blank" title="Rewa Soma – new hope for a safe future, in Ladakh, India - by Sarika Gulati)" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><strong>Visit the website <a href="http://www.clickaboutit.net/" target="_blank" title="Clickaboutit.net Photo Competition" rel="nofollow">Cl!ck about it - Worldwide Photography Competition</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Watch the video <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/video/2010/good-aid" target="_blank" title="Good Aid - Video - Oxfam" rel="nofollow">Good Aid</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>CL!CK photo competiton winners: how aid is helping local communities</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-10-21-resultats-concours-photos-clck-aide-soutient-communautes-locales" title="Résultats du concours de photos CL!CK : comment l&#039;aide soutient les communautés locales" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-10-21-ya-tenemos-ganadores-del-concuso-fotografico-clck-about-it" title="¡Ya tenemos ganadores del concuso fotográfico CL!CK about it!" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Thu, 20 Oct 2011 10:39:54 +0000 Ian Sullivan 9609 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-10-20-click-photography-competition-aid-helping-local-communities#comments Your creativity needed: Oxfam’s new photo competition! http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-07-08-your-creativity-needed-oxfams-new-photo-competition <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>When you campaign about aid, you’re always looking for new ways to tell the story.</strong> We know that in recent years, thanks to aid money, the Rwandan government eliminated user fees for primary and lower secondary school education; in Sierra Leone the government was able to remove user fees for mother’s and babies and now millions more people are alive thanks to anti-retroviral drugs. These are great achievements but we still need to find ways to show the public that aid money changes lives around the world. </p> <p>But we need to do more than tell people about the difference that aid can make. With this in mind, we've teamed up with the<strong> <a href="http://www.ejc.net/" rel="nofollow">European Journalism Centre</a></strong> to launch an exciting new photography competition, <strong><a href="http://clickaboutit.net/" rel="nofollow">CL!CK ABOUT IT</a></strong>.</p> <p>Too often, in European countries, aid is seen simply as cheques going out the door. It’s difficult to visualise what this money actually represents, what it can actually do. Aid is about transforming lives. It’s about health services, schools and institutions that transform communities. This may seem remote when you live in places like Barcelona or London but they are fundamentals that matter to people all over the planet.  </p> <p><strong>Fancy yourself as a photographer?</strong></p> <p>If you think you’re pretty nifty with a camera then get snapping.  By capturing images that demonstrate how crucial these services are you can play a role in telling the story of how government money can make a difference to people’s lives. </p> <p><strong>The competition</strong></p> <p>In <strong><a href="http://clickaboutit.net/" rel="nofollow">CL!CK ABOUT IT</a></strong> we want you to capture moments that show how people's lives and communities are being transformed by tackling poverty, health, education, gender, environment and agricultural issues. This is what aid is all about. We want your creativity, so you can think beyond these areas. </p> <p>If you want to find out more, and see what great prizes there are, <strong><a href="http://clickaboutit.net/" rel="nofollow">have a look at the official site</a></strong>.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Your creativity needed: Oxfam’s new photo competition!</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-07-13-nuevo-concurso-fotografico-de-oxafm-necesitamos-tu-creatividad" title="Nuevo concurso fotográfico de Oxfam: ¡Necesitamos tu creatividad!" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Fri, 08 Jul 2011 10:26:38 +0000 Ian Sullivan 9519 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-07-08-your-creativity-needed-oxfams-new-photo-competition#comments