Oxfam International Blogs - Conflict and Security http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/conflict-and-security en Hiding from the violence in Yemen: Noor, Omar and the Cave http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-08-19-hiding-violence-yemen-noor-omar-and-cave <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Noor* and her husband once had a medical clinic in Saada Governorate, north Yemen, along the border with Saudi Arabia. Now they have a mound of rubble. </p> <p>In a phone conversation I had with Noor recently, she told me that the governorate is not new to armed violence. In fact, the area where they live has seen intermittent fighting between different groups since 2004. </p> <p>But the airstrikes that began in March 2015 “were like nothing we’ve seen before”.</p> <h3>Daily airstrikes</h3> <p>Noor, 35, added: “Since March, the skies of Saada are raining fire on us every day. There are now no signs of life here: houses are destroyed, farms are burnt, and everyone’s gone – they’re dead or they’ve fled.”</p> <p>The family’s house has so far outlived the fighting. But when the airstrikes start, Noor, her husband and son, Omar*, 7, run and hide in a nearby cave that they dug in a mountain and used as a shelter during a previous conflict, then covered up, and are now re-using.</p> <p>“Leaflets dropped by Saudi planes gave us three hours to evacuate. It was not enough time. We and many others live near the border with Saudi Arabia, hours from the only main road, which was also inaccessible and targeted by the fighting. So we stayed.”</p> <p>The cave is now home, but Noor’s family isn’t alone there.</p> <p>“There are snakes and scorpions living with us in the cave – and we had to get used to having them around. At night I put my son in a sleeping bag I made and tie it around his head to protect him. He used to get scared, but now doesn’t even blink when he sees a scorpion crawling on my leg.”</p> <h3>Half Saada's inhabitants in critical need of food</h3> <p>While 21 million people in Yemen are in need of aid, the situation in Saada is exceptional. Based on data by the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), 80% of the governorate’s inhabitants cannot find enough food to eat, 50% are critically in need. </p> <p>“Even basic foods are now a luxury. We have a piece of agricultural land by the house that we tend to, but I don’t know how long we’ll last on just vegetables and grains. We get fuel once in a blue moon, and cooking gas has been out for months, so we use wood and coal to cook and boil water for drinking. We’ve had solar panels for a while, so we get some electricity that we use mostly to charge phones and get in touch with my parents to make sure they’re ok.”</p> <p>But Noor was hesitant to go into details on the situation in Saada – and the phone conversation was getting uncomfortable for her.</p> <p>“This might be our last conversation, Hind*. The phone lines may no longer work. I just want to say we need an end to this, and soon. Omar can’t sleep as he gets nightmares about the bombs and airstrikes.  I try to stay strong: For my son, my husband, my parents who I haven’t seen for months, for my mother who can’t stop crying every time I call her, for this country – it was such a beautiful country and now we’re left with destruction, tears and blood everywhere. Nothing but death all around us. </p> <p>I don’t know how long we are going to last. We are alive, but only until we die – senselessly - like the thousands that already beat us there.”</p> <p><em>by Hind*, Oxfam in Yemen</em></p> <p><em>*Names have been changed at the request of the interviewee and for security reasons</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><strong>Share this interactive graphic: <a href="http://www.oxfamblogs.org/yemen/international/" rel="nofollow">What's happening in Yemen</a>?</strong></p> <p><strong>Take action: <a href="http://act.oxfam.org/international/yemen-crisis" rel="nofollow">Stop the violence in Yemen</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Share this <a href="http://twitter.com/YemenSpeaks" rel="nofollow">@YemenSpeaks</a> graphic on Facebook now:</strong></p> <p><img alt="Noor, Omar and the Cave. Conflict in Yemen." title="Noor, Omar and the Cave. Conflict in Yemen." height="400" width="400" style="width: 680px; height: 680px;" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/blogimages/oxfamyemenspeaks6.jpg" /></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Hiding from the violence in Yemen: Noor, Omar and the Cave</h2></div> Wed, 19 Aug 2015 04:47:44 +0000 Guest Blogger 27477 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-08-19-hiding-violence-yemen-noor-omar-and-cave#comments Syria's women sitting in limbo http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-07-22-syrias-women-sitting-limbo <div class="field field-name-body"><p>I recently met Reema*, a 19-year-old Syrian girl, in a refugee camp in Lebanon. Back in Syria, Reema had her whole life before her. She'd just finished high school, and was about to go to university to study. She was eager to work and set up her future.</p> <p>Then, her family home was bombed and she, her parents and sisters had to flee. Now she sits in a camp with no chance of further education, no prospect of independence, and — in her eyes — no real hope of a better future.</p> <p>Sadly, Reema's story is <strong>just one of many</strong> among the people of Syria.</p> <p>Over the past four months, I have met many women refugees in Lebanon and Jordan. I feel honoured to hear their stories. In a crisis such as this, the views and concerns of ordinary people are often hard to find. The voices of women are especially rare.</p> <p>Many Syrian women are struggling to deal with the reality they face. Like you and me, they used to have homes, jobs, water, electricity, education and healthcare. Some are university professors, architects, and their husbands are landscape gardeners, stone masons and businessmen. Then, one day, it was all gone.</p> <h3>"I never thought this would happen to us."</h3> <p><strong></strong></p> <p>For many mothers I have met — it is their children they are most worried about. Many fled Syria because they feared for the lives of their sons and daughters. They worry that their children are no longer getting an education, that the water they are drinking is making them sick, and that they won't be able to provide them with enough food.</p> <p>Pregnant women are worried about giving birth and raising children in a camp that is dusty and dirty, where only basic medical care is available.</p> <p>Listening to these stories, I am struck by how lucky I am to have grown up in a country that is stable and prosperous like Australia. When I am sick, I go to see my local doctor. When I turn on a tap, I have drinkable water. How would I cope if tomorrow I became a refugee? I honestly don't know.</p> <p>It's not something I'm likely to face. But then, that's what the women I have met thought too. One of the most common phrases I have heard refugees from Syria say is: "I never thought this would happen to us."</p> <h3>Working with local organizations to help</h3> <p>Since the conflict started three years ago, 1.6 million** people have had to leave Syria to find safety and security in neighbouring countries, sometimes with nothing more than the clothes on their backs. Another 4.25 million people are still inside Syria, but have had to flee their homes to try to find a safe place to live.</p> <p></p> <p>Oxfam, and many others, is able to help with the immediate problems facing refugees. For example, we are working with local organisations to provide cash and vouchers so families can buy food and pay for a roof over their heads — whether that roof is a basement, part of an abandoned building, or plastic sheeting to make a tent.</p> <p>The aid that governments like Australia and individual people give is truly making a difference — it is saving lives.</p> <p>The <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-06-07-un-syria-appeal-governments-must-fund-aid-effort-now"><strong>UN recently asked for US$5 billion</strong></a> to provide people affected by the Syrian crisis with life-saving humanitarian assistance during 2013. It's a huge amount of money, but to provide essential aid such as food, water, shelter and medical care to the millions of people affected, it is the amount we need.</p> <h3>Making Syria safe to return home</h3> <p>What aid agencies like Oxfam can't do is make Syria safe enough for people to go home. Governments and the opposition groups inside Syria need to do that — and <strong>we strongly urge them <a href="http://www.change.org/en-GB/petitions/don-t-let-syria-down" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">to find a peaceful solution</a></strong> to the crisis as soon as possible.</p> <p>The women I have spoken to desperately want to go home. They love Syria. But until it is safe to do so, they sit in limbo in countries like Lebanon and Jordan — not knowing their fate.</p> <p>To help women like Reema get back on their feet, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/syria-appeal" rel="nofollow">donate to Oxfam's Syria crisis appeal</a>.</p> <p>*Reema is not her real name.** In the five weeks since this was written, the <a href="http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>number of Syrian refugees</strong></a> has increased by more than 300,000.</p> <p></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/syria-clock-ticking-1400.jpg" target="_blank"></a></p> <p><strong>Please sign our petition for #SyriaPeaceTalks.</strong></p> <h3><a href="http://www.change.org/petitions/don-t-let-syria-down" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a></h3> <p>   </p> <h3></h3> <h3>You may also like<strong></strong></h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/syria-crisis" rel="nofollow">Crisis in Syria: What Oxfam is doing</a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Syria&#039;s women sitting in limbo</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-07-22-siria-nunca-pense-que-esto-podria-pasarnos" title="Siria: ‘nunca pensé que esto podría pasarnos’" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-07-23-syrie-femmes-refugiees-incertitude" title="Réfugiées syriennes : plongée dans l’incertitude" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 22 Jul 2013 18:40:08 +0000 Claire Seaward 10412 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-07-22-syrias-women-sitting-limbo#comments Armstreaty 2011 – it’s a wrap http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-03-09-armstreaty-2011-%E2%80%93-it%E2%80%99s-wrap <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>It’s Friday afternoon at the United Nations in New York, and I’m sitting in a room with a few hundred delegates from around the world. We’ve just finished the second ‘Preparatory Committees’  – there’s one more to come before the final negotiating conference in 2012 that we hope will result in the first truly international, legally binding Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).</strong></p> <p>So what has changed during this week, and what has been achieved? Here’s my run-down of some of the week’s high and low.</p> <p><strong>It was a fascinating week, with governments from every part of the globe providing their views on what the final treaty should look like.</strong> It’s going to be a mammoth task for the Chair of the Negotiations, Roberto Moritan of Argentina, to pull together the range of comments and delicately balance the various views of states. Whilst the majority of States seem to be heading towards agreement on a comprehensive  set of issues, the negotiations have been punctuated by a number of not-insignificant points of disagreement, particularly those voiced by a small, but vocal group of sceptics.</p> <h3>Moritan’s new papers</h3> <p>Most significantly, Ambassador Moritan has produced a series of new papers that set out <strong>a draft framework for the treaty as a whole</strong>, and draft language on the following sections of the treaty (Reaching Critical Will has the document)</p> <ul><li>Principles</li> <li>Goals and objectives</li> <li>Scope (type of equipment and types of transfers covered)</li> <li>Criteria for assessing a transfer of arms</li> <li>International cooperation and assistance mechanisms, to assist states in fulfilling their obligations under the new treaty</li> </ul><h3>What do we think?</h3> <p>The papers are generally strong, and contain many elements championed by the Control Arms Coalition as essential to an effective and robust ATT – see the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/reactions/states-make-big-step-towards-arms-trade-treaty" target="_blank" title="States make “big step” towards an Arms Trade Treaty - Oxfam " rel="nofollow">official response</a></strong> and <strong><a href="http://controlarms.org/negotiations.php" target="_blank" title="Q&amp;A on ATT negociations - Control Arms" rel="nofollow">Q&amp;A about the meeting</a></strong> at <strong><a href="http://controlarms.org/" target="_blank" title="Control Arms Website" rel="nofollow">www.controlarms.org</a></strong>. In particular,<strong> the draft text includes specific criteria considering the human rights, international humanitarian law and sustainable development impacts</strong> when authorising a transfer of arms. Additionally, ammunition, which several states including the United States have opposed, is still in the scope. Whilst victim assistance seems under threat, a specific reference is still in the papers and several states, have made specific references to the importance of addressing the needs of victims through the UN system, national organisations, aid programs or through NGOs.</p> <p><strong>Of great concern to advocates are the questions around the viability of including transfers of technology</strong>, and arms manufacturing technology in the Treaty. Excluding this would provide a major loophole in the treaty due to ever-growing number of new producers of various types of arms and ammunition around the world. There is also a worrying absence of mentions of the need to include non-military weapons, munitions and armaments used by internal security forces, as evidenced in the latest brutal human rights crackdown in North Africa and the Middle East.</p> <h3>New countries, new issues</h3> <p></p> <p>We saw the emergence of some interesting new issues and some new key players in the room. <strong>Bahrain, speaking on behalf of the Arab Group, for the first time acknowledged the importance of human rights</strong> and the fact that conventional weapons have been used for the killing of civilians and the destruction of homes in its region. However, they also expressed concern that if there is a strict human rights rule to govern decisions of arms transfers, it could be politicized. </p> <p>The world’s two most significant emerging powers, <strong>India and China, elaborated on their positions more than ever before.</strong> Worryingly, they are both calling for a narrow scope of the treaty. India raised some pertinent points around feasibility and implementation, and China expressed cautious support for the inclusion of human rights, as long as it will not be used politically and will only apply to the specific conventions each country has signed up to.</p> <h3>A win for development</h3> <p>There were also some real wins for those of us who want to see an ATT that will reduce the humanitarian and development impacts of the irresponsible arms trade, with strong language still included in Moritan’s paper. <strong>For the first time, we also heard a great strong interventions linking the ATT to the gendered impacts of conflict and armed violence.</strong> As an Australian, I felt proud that it was in fact my country leading the charge, with the Australian delegation calling for donors and recipient states to allocate assistance to address the impacts of armed conflict on women in accordance with UN Security Council Resolutions on women, peace and security. What’s more, this intervention was supported by a variety of countries including Trinidad and Tobago, the United Kingdom, Papua New Guinea on behalf of the Pacific Islands and Norway. This morning, Trinidad and Tobago reasserted the importance of this issue, stating that it would support any and all references to the gendered impacts of armed violence and conflict. </p> <h3>What’s next? We’ll Meet again</h3> <p>The next and final PrepCom will begin on July 11th, 2011 and will focus on the issue of implementation – the framework for making sure that states can turn their treaty obligations into practice. What I’ve enjoyed most about this week is that it gives us a much clearer frame of reference in order to plan over the next critical 18 months until the final conference.</p> <p><strong>What’s most obvious is that a broader range of states than before are getting serious about the ATT</strong>, and all states have been thinking in far more detail about what they would, and would not, like to see in an ATT. Whilst not all of the positions put forward reflect what us advocates want to see in the final Treaty, the discussion does put us in a much better position to see where the gaps are, and where we need to provoke more detailed debate, contribute technical solutions and expertise, and build political will where it is currently most lacking.</p> <p><strong>The task ahead is massive</strong>, but the PrepCom this week has reassured me of where we, as advocates for a strong and enforceable ATT, need to go, what we need to do, and where we need to be – when we meet again…. in July. </p> <p><em>Ben Murphy is Humanitarian Advocacy Officer with Oxfam Australia. He participated in the 2nd Preparatory Committee on the Arms Trade Treaty, in New York, from February 28th to March 4th, 2011. Follow him on Twitter: @Ben_Murphy83.</em></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <ul><li><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/controlarms" target="_blank" title="Control Arms Oxfam Campaign" rel="nofollow">Why is Oxfam calling for a global arms trade treaty?</a></strong></li> <li><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/conflict/shooting-poverty-true-cost-arms-trade" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Shooting Poverty: documentary films about the impact of armed violence</strong></a></li> </ul></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Armstreaty 2011 – it’s a wrap</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-03-09-traite-sur-le-commerce-des-armes-les-bases-sont-posees" title="Traité sur le commerce des armes : les bases sont posées !" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-03-04-tratado-sobre-el-comercio-de-armas-2011-dicho-y-hecho" title="Tratado sobre el Comercio de Armas 2011: dicho y hecho" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Fri, 04 Mar 2011 20:00:00 +0000 Ben Murphy 9415 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-03-09-armstreaty-2011-%E2%80%93-it%E2%80%99s-wrap#comments How can the Arms Treaty support development? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-02-28-how-can-arms-treaty-support-development <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Last Friday in New York, Oxfam, <a href="http://www.unwomen.org/" rel="nofollow">UN Women</a> and <a href="http://www.unicef.org/" rel="nofollow">UNICEF</a> brought together governments, UN officials and NGOs activists to discuss the enormous strain that conflict and armed violence puts on socio-economic development, and asked – how can the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) make a difference?</strong></p> <p>While States’ legal responsibility to development is enshrined in the UN Charter, as well as in numerous other international commitments – such as the <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/health-education/millennium-development-goals" rel="nofollow"><strong>Millennium Development Goals</strong></a> – there’s still a degree of ambivalence around the question of definitions.</p> <p><strong>A ‘violation of socio-economic development’ is less clear-cut </strong>from a legal perspective than say a violation of human rights or international humanitarian law. There seems to be broad agreement amongst states that an Arms Trade Treaty should include parameters that prohibit a transfer of weapons if there is a risk those weapons will be used to commit serious violations of the laws of war and violations of human rights. With the development parameter, it’s still a little more difficult. Whilst states have committed to advancing development time and time again, we’re not quite at the stage where we can easily define a particular action as a ‘crime against development’.</p> <p><strong>Yet, the destructive impact of irresponsible arms use on development are undeniable.</strong> In surveys conducted in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo last year by UNDP, 80% of people stated that they didn’t have access to markets, medical services or schools as a result of insecurity and armed violence. In Zambia, limited state resources mean that the average funding for medical treatment is just $6 per person per annum. Meanwhile, treating one Zambian patient’s gunshot wound can cost as much as $3000 – that’s the equivalent of the annual medical budget for 500 Zambians! What’s more, the estimated $284 billion lost in Africa as a result of armed conflict between 1990 and 2006 accounts for almost all Official Development Assistance to the continent during the same period.</p> <p>Clearly there’s a need for better regulation of arms transfers to prevent further steps backwards, and the Arms Trade Treaty presents a unique opportunity to address this issue. <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/applying-sustainable-development-arms-transfer-decisions" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam has identified at least four ways</strong></a> to assess whether arms transfers likely to undermine development should be authorized or not. Namely, a transfer should not be authorized if there is a substantial risk that the transfer will:</p> <ul><li>Fuel high levels of armed violence, in a country or region</li> <li>Lead to diversion of funds from essential services, such as health and education</li> <li>Involve corrupt practices, or contribute to a pattern of corruption in the country, or</li> <li>Undermine efforts to build sustainable peace in a state emerging from conflict</li> </ul><p><strong>The next challenge is translating these standards into the kind of robust legal language</strong> required for the governments drafting the Arms Trade Treaty. One conclusion from Friday’s workshop was to look to already agreed and emerging legal arrangements spearheaded at the regional level, as well as the support of concerned and affected States, to make headway on this issue. Let’s get to work.</p> <p><em>Ben Murphy is Humanitarian Advocacy Officer with <a href="http://www.oxfam.org.au/" rel="nofollow">Oxfam Australia</a>. Ben will be blogging and tweeting (@Ben_Murphy83) from inside the UN Arms Trade Treaty conference all this week.</em></p> <p>Read the <a href="http://attmonitor.posterous.com/" rel="nofollow">latest from the February 2011 Arms Treaty meeting in New York</a>.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>How can the Arms Treaty support development?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-03-01-traite-commerce-armes-developpement-criteres" title="En quoi le traité sur les armes peut-il favoriser le développement ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-03-01-como-puede-tratado-sobre-comercio-armas-contribuir-desarrollo" title="¿Cómo puede el Tratado sobre el Comercio de Armas contribuir al desarrollo?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 28 Feb 2011 12:21:27 +0000 Ben Murphy 9405 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-02-28-how-can-arms-treaty-support-development#comments Natural disasters will hurt 50% more people by 2015. Why? Climate Change + Inequality http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/09-04-21-natural-disasters-will-hurt-more-people-due-to-climate-change-inequality <div class="field field-name-body"><p>There has been some striking progress in reducing the death toll from natural disasters in recent decades. While Cyclone Sidr killed around 3,000 people in Bangladesh in 2007, similar or weaker storms killed 100 times that number in 1972 and 45 times more people in 1991, largely because governments and local communities have since taken action to reduce risk.</p> <p>Now that is all under threat from climate change. A <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/right-to-survive-report" rel="nofollow">new Oxfam report</a></strong> shows that each year, on average, almost 250 million people are affected by ‘natural’ disasters, the vast majority of them climate-related such as hurricanes, droughts and floods (earthquakes are comparatively rare). <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/right-to-survive-trend-chart-2.jpg"></a>But the numbers are rising - by 2015, this could grow by more than 50 per cent to an average of over 375 million people affected by climate-related disasters each year, in part because of climate change. (see graph.)</p> <p>Climate change could also increase the threat of new conflicts, which will mean more people displaced, and the need for more humanitarian aid. One recent report estimated that 46 countries will face a ‘high risk of violent conflict’ when climate change exacerbates traditional security threats. Already, there is evidence that the number of conflicts is again on the rise.</p> <p>Rising vulnerability and the grinding machinery of climate change form a deadly combination. What to do? Firstly recognize that when it comes to human impact, disasters are anything but ‘natural.’ They pick on poor people. In rich countries, an average of 23 people die in any given disaster; in the least-developed countries this is 1,052. Some groups – women and girls, the chronically sick, the elderly, and others – are even more vulnerable, their ability to cope undermined by discrimination, inequality, or poor physical health.</p> <p>For many of the world’s poor people, four trends threaten to further increase their vulnerability:</p> <ul><li>there are many more people living in urban slums built on precarious land.</li> <li>the increasing pressure on farmland, caused by drought, population density, and increasing demand for meat and dairy products in emerging economies, means that more people will find it difficult to get enough to eat.</li> <li>climate change, environmental degradation, and conflict are likely to drive more people from their homes, stripping them of their livelihoods, assets, and the networks of family and communities that can support them. Some estimates suggest that up to one billion people will be forced from their homes by 2050.</li> <li>the global economic crisis is increasing unemployment and undermining social safety nets.</li> </ul><p>This poses a big challenge to the international aid system, including organizations like Oxfam, which in November 2008 was directly assisting 3.3 million people with humanitarian needs. <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/r2s-english-fig5-lowres.jpg"></a>It will need more money (the world spent more on video games in 2006 than it did on international humanitarian assistance – see chart). But it will also need to work differently: in the past, is has used centralised, logistics-heavy interventions geared to large-scale catastrophes. In the future, humanitarian organisations will need to focus more on building local capacity to help prevent, prepare for, and respond to a proliferation of smaller climate-related shocks.</p> <p>The report concludes that the humanitarian challenge of the twenty-first century consists of an increasing total of largely local catastrophic events, increasing numbers of people vulnerable to them, too many governments failing to prevent or respond to them, and an international humanitarian system unable to cope. In the face of that, disaster-affected people need:</p> <ul><li>A far greater focus on building national governments’ capacity to reduce risk and respond to disasters;</li> <li>A far greater focus on helping people and communities to become less vulnerable to disasters; and</li> <li>An international humanitarian system that acts quickly and impartially to provide effective and accountable assistance.</li> </ul></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Natural disasters will hurt 50% more people by 2015. Why? Climate Change + Inequality</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/09-04-23-desastres-naturales-afectaran-un-cuarto-mas-de-poblacion-en-2015" title="Los desastres naturales afectarán un cuarto más de población en 2015. ¿Por qué? Debido al cambio climático + a las desigualdades" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/09-04-21-le-nombre-de-victimes-de-catastrophes-naturelles-augmentera" title="Le nombre de victimes de catastrophes naturelles augmentera de 50 % d’ici 2015. Pourquoi ? Changements Climatiques + Inégalités" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Tue, 21 Apr 2009 08:00:26 +0000 Duncan Green 8760 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/09-04-21-natural-disasters-will-hurt-more-people-due-to-climate-change-inequality#comments