Oxfam International Blogs - developing countries http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/developing-countries developing-countries en 5 key takeaways from COP22 http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/16-11-24-5-key-takeaways-cop22 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>At 2am on Saturday 19 November, the gavel came down on <a href="http://www.cop22-morocco.com/">COP22 in Marrakech</a>. Billed as the conference for action and implementation, coming soon after the <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/reactions/paris-agreement-now-force-defining-moment-fight-against-climate-change">ratification of the Paris Agreement</a>, what we witnessed was a defiant call to action from developing countries in the wake of the US election result, while rich countries continued to neglect the need for new funds to support those most vulnerable to climate change.</p> <p>Here’s what you need to know.</p> <p><strong>1. Under the shadow of the US election, COP22 delivered a message that the Paris Agreement is here to stay. </strong></p> <p>While President-elect Trump has previously questioned whether climate change is caused by humans, we heard the rest of the world clearly say: there’s no going back. Now more than ever, we continue the fight.</p> <p><strong>2. Developing countries led the way. </strong></p> <p>China and many other governments reiterated their support for climate action and the <a href="http://www.thecvf.org/">Climate Vulnerable Forum</a>, a group of 47 of the countries most vulnerable to climate change, announced a game-changing commitment to power their economies with 100% renewable energy by 2050.</p> <p><strong>3. But rich countries failed to deliver the funds needed, especially for adapting to climate change. </strong></p> <p>The ‘<a href="http://www.germanclimatefinance.de/2016/11/01/climate-finance-roadmap-leaves-much-room-improvement-get-us-100-billion/">Roadmap</a>’ which presents their financial contributions towards tackling climate change shows that by 2020, only 20% of the $100bn rich countries promised back in 2009 would go to helping the poorest adapt to unavoidable sea-level rise, droughts and storms.</p> <p><strong>4. The prospect of stronger emissions cuts in the next few years remains uncertain. </strong></p> <p>Without much faster cuts in emissions, the world is still on track for more than a 3 degree celsius rise in temperature, blowing the Paris Agreement’s ambition to limit it to 1.5 degrees out the water.</p> <p><strong>5. The presidency of the COP now passes to climate vulnerable Fiji. </strong></p> <p>Oxfam hopes the <a href="http://fiji-reddplus.org/content/fiji-presidency-breakthrough-pacific-voice-climate-change">'Pacific COP'</a> in 2017 will focus the world's attention on the <a href="http://stories.undp.org/climate-change-in-the-pacific">risk that small islands face</a>, and truly delivers the actions and support needed by climate-vulnerable people everywhere.</p> <iframe width="640" height="360" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/roc3ylRMfIg?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe><h3>The power of your voice</h3> <p>With the power of your voice, Oxfam will fight tooth and nail to protect the progress we’ve made on climate action so far - throughout a Trump presidency in the US, and the many other challenges around the world - and continue to demand action for the poorest, least responsible and most vulnerable.</p> <p>We have come too far to go back now.</p> <p>It’s about providing women farmers in Africa with seeds to plant drought-resistant crops and feed their families; it’s about building seawalls so millions who live in coastal areas survive rising sea levels; and it’s about all of us <a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/el-nino-and-climate-change-stop-the-hunger">making our voices heard</a> to ensure the millions of people facing extreme impacts right now have to wait no longer for action.</p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/el-nino-and-climate-change-stop-the-hunger"><strong>Push world leaders to fight hunger and act on climate change</strong></a></p> <p><em>This entry posted by Sarah Watson, Oxfam Public Campaign Manager (Food &amp; Climate), on 24 November 2016.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: FADEL SENNA/AFP/Getty Images</em></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>5 key takeaways from COP22</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/16-11-25-cop22-cinq-points-cl%C3%A9s-%C3%A0-retenir" title="COP22 : cinq points-clés à retenir" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Thu, 24 Nov 2016 13:06:28 +0000 Sarah Watson 71253 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/16-11-24-5-key-takeaways-cop22#comments Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement : les gouvernements dépensent-ils comme promis ? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10315 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Dans le domaine du développement, l'argent résout de nombreux problèmes.</strong> Si l'on souhaite savoir dans quelle mesure des progrès ont été réalisés pour atteindre les <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/fr/millenniumgoals/" rel="nofollow">Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement</a></strong> (OMD) ou dans quelle direction il faudrait s'orienter pour le programme de l'après-2015, il convient en premier lieu de disposer de donées fiables, avant de pouvoir avancer. Voilà ce qui rend <strong><a href="http://www.governmentspendingwatch.org/" rel="nofollow">Government Spending Watch</a></strong> (GSW) si passionnant. Pour la toute première fois, des réponses peuvent être apportées au sujet des sommes dépensées en faveur du développement, de leur source et de leur destination.</p> <p>Les données, qui ont été compilées par <strong><a href="http://www.development-finance.org/fr.html" rel="nofollow">Development Finance International</a></strong> avec le soutien d’Oxfam Grande-Bretagne, détaillent les dépenses de 52 pays à faible revenu et à revenu intermédiaire de la tranche inférieure (PFR et PRITI) en faveur des initiatives en lien avec les OMD. Avec un délai de tout juste 32 mois avant la date butoir des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement, il s'agit de la première possibilité, pour les citoyens ordinaires de pays allant de l'Arménie à la Zambie, de <strong><a href="http://www.governmentspendingwatch.org/spending-data" rel="nofollow">vérifier</a></strong> si les gouvernements respectent leurs promesses et dépensent les sommes nécessaires pour combattre la pauvreté ou atteindre les OMD.</p> <h3>Que nous indiquent les données ?</h3> <p><strong>La bonne nouvelle est que de nombreux pays en développement investissent plus, en termes réels, que jamais auparavant </strong>mais cette tendance est en train de s'inverser peu à peu. La grande majorité des pays en développement dépensent beaucoup moins que les sommes auxquelles ils s'étaient engagés, ou que celles estimées nécessaires par les organisations internationales pour avoir un impact réel sur des vies. Seul un tiers des pays remplissent un objectif en matière d'éducation ou de santé, et moins de 30 % atteignent les objectifs en matière d'initiatives pour l'agriculture ainsi que pour l'eau et l'assainissement (WASH). Ajoutez à cela le non-respect d'engagements relatifs à l'aide humanitaire, de faibles taux de mise en œuvre et des dépenses régulières peu importantes ; tous ces éléments s'associent pour constituer une véritable menace à tout progrès en cours.</p> <p><strong>Il existe, bien entendu, des lacunes dans ces données</strong> et elles ne nous révèlent pas tout. GSW a réussi à compiler presque trois quarts des données sectorielles en matière d'éducation et de santé mais seulement deux tiers pour l'agriculture, la moitié pour la protection sociale et l'environnement, un tiers pour l'eau et l'assainissement, et un cinquième pour l'éducation primaire et les problématiques de genre. La carte ci-dessous illustre de manière pratique la situation actuelle. Il convient également de se souvenir que, tandis que le montant des dépenses gouvernementales entraîne une avancée importante vers les OMD, la qualité de ces investissements fera réellement la différence. Ainsi, les investissements dans l'agriculture devront être centrés sur le soutien aux petits producteurs et petites productrices, en vue d'améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et les moyens de subsistance des personnes qui en ont le plus besoin. </p> <em><a href="http://www.governmentspendingwatch.org">www.governmentspendingwatch.org</a></em> <p><strong>L'aspect le plus intéressant du développement de GSW</strong> est l'importance que revêtira cette initiative en tant qu'outil dont le but est de remettre les gouvernements sur le droit chemin quant aux dépenses consacrées aux OMD. Les projets de campagne et de plaidoyer au sein des pays peuvent permettre d'œuvrer dans le but d'améliorer la redevabilité des gouvernements, en institutionnalisant la demande de ces données et leur transmission. Cela facilitera également le plaidoyer et les campagnes des parties prenantes mondiales, régionales et nationales en faveur de dépenses plus élevées pour les OMD.</p> <h3>Les campagnes ont réellement un impact</h3> <p><strong>De véritables changements ont pu être observés</strong> lorsque le public avait l'occasion de se battre en employant de façon pertinente les informations adéquates. Par exemple, en Sierra Leone, dix ans de guerre civile ont laissé cruellement sous-financées les ressources vitales, telles que les soins de santé. L'espérance de vie y est de tout juste 48 ans et ce pays est l'un des plus dangereux pour les accouchements. </p> <p>Au cours de l'année 2012, une étude complète portant sur le suivi budgétaire a été entreprise en <strong><a href="http://www.governmentspendingwatch.org/campaigns-and-advocacy/water-and-sanitation/52-increasing-health-and-sanitation-spending-in-sierra-leone" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Sierra Leone</a></strong> en vue d'analyser la qualité et le montant des dépenses en matière de santé et d'éducation du niveau national jusqu'au niveau local. Oxfam a encadré la collecte de données concernant Freetown (la capitale, qui rassemble un tiers de la population du pays), les discussions menées avec le conseil municipal de Freetown et l'équipe de gestion de la santé des districts, ainsi que la visite des cliniques et hôpitaux de la ville. Cette étude associée au travail de pressions sur le ministère des Finances du pays ont garanti l'importance de la problématique de la santé dans le programme, à l'approche de l'affectation budgétaire pour 2013.</p> <p><strong>Les réussites de la campagne sont devenues évidentes</strong> lors de l'annonce, par le gouvernement de la Sierra Leone, que 10,5 % du budget de 2013 seraient affectés à la santé et à l'éducation, soit une hausse impressionnante par rapport aux 7,4 % affectés en 2012. Cette augmentation pourrait entraîner une hausse de 7,4 milliards de leones (1,7 million de dollars américains) en faveur du programme de santé gratuite, ainsi que 1,5 milliard de leones (340 000 dollars) en faveur des soins de santé primaires, ce qui financera les infirmières, les centres médicaux et l'équipement utilisé par les personnes pauvres pour leurs besoins de santé fondamentaux. Ces progressions pourraient financer le salaire annuel de 560 sages-femmes supplémentaires.</p> <p>Le projet Government Spending Watch améliorera la disponibilité des données et de leur analyse, au sujet des dépenses et de l'aide humanitaire gérée par le budget, pour toutes les parties prenantes. Cela améliorera également la disponibilité et la transparence des données sur les dépenses relatives aux objectifs mondiaux de développement à l'échelle nationale, en institutionnalisant la demande de ces données et leur transmission, ce qui facilitera leur analyse par toutes les parties prenantes. Par ailleurs, cela encouragera un changement progressif quant à l'échelle et la coordination des campagnes et du plaidoyer mondiaux, régionaux et nationaux, dont le but est que les dépenses publiques permettent d'atteindre les OMD et les objectifs post-OMD.</p> <h3>Quel avenir pour le projet ?</h3> <p>Le développement futur du projet GSW étendra cette analyse à 34 pays de plus et, espérons-le, à d'autres secteurs. Une fois que le maximum de données aura été collecté, GSW jouera aussi un rôle fondamental en posant une autre question importante : <strong>dans quelle mesure faisons-nous bon usage de l'argent dont nous disposons ?</strong> De telles questions sont d'autant plus importantes que des pays tels que le Niger sont en passe de remplir leur engagement d'affecter 10 % de leur PNB à l'agriculture, dans le cadre de la <strong><a href="http://www.africa-union.org/Official_documents/Heads%20of%20State%20Summits/Hog%20fr/Assembly%20-%20D%C3%A9c.%20%20D%C3%A9cl%20Maputo%202003.pdf" rel="nofollow">Déclaration de Maputo</a></strong>. Néanmoins, il subsiste des doutes concernant les domaines ciblés par ces fonds : il se peut que les dépenses ne ciblent pas les domaines fondamentaux.<strong></strong></p> <p><strong>Qu'en est-il du calendrier des OMD ?</strong> Les données et leur analyse constituent des preuves essentielles qui servent le débat au sujet de ce qui suivra les OMD ; l'initiative GSW sera donc un outil important qui contribuera à déterminer l'évolution des objectifs succédant aux OMD. Nous espérons que la base de données GSW progressera rapidement afin de refléter les nouveaux objectifs de développement à mesure qu'ils seront décidés dans les accords internationaux à venir. Une chose est sûre : grâce à ces données, les citoyens ordinaires sont en mesure de poser des questions épineuses à leur gouvernement et à leurs donateurs, et d'exercer une pression sur ces derniers afin qu'ils tiennent leurs promesses et dépensent plus pour sauver des vies.</p> <p><em>Corédigé par Guppi Bola (Global Campaigner, Essential Services) et Rachel Bladon (stagiaire Essential Services), Oxfam GB</em></p> <p><strong>Restez informé(e) des dernières actualités de Government Spending Watch sur le site web, sur Twitter </strong><strong><strong><a href="http://www.twitter.com/@govspendwatch" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@govspendwatch</a></strong> et sur internet en utilisant le hashtag <a href="http://www.twitter.com/#govspendwatch" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">#govspendwatch</a>.</strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement : les gouvernements dépensent-ils comme promis ?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-05-16-are-governments-meeting-their-mdg-spending-targets" title="Are governments meeting their MDG spending targets?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-05-16-los-gobiernos-estan-cumpliendo-con-las-inversiones-para-lograr-los-odm" title="Los gobiernos están cumpliendo con las inversiones para lograr los ODM?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Thu, 16 May 2013 14:59:41 +0000 Guppi Bola 10315 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10315#comments Are governments meeting their MDG spending targets? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-05-16-are-governments-meeting-their-mdg-spending-targets <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>In the world of development, money answers many questions.</strong> If we’re interested in finding out how far we have come in achieving the <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Millennium Development Goals</a></strong> (MDGs) or in what direction we should go for a post-2015 agenda, having the right numbers in place is paramount to moving forward. This is what makes <strong><a href="http://www.governmentspendingwatch.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Government Spending Watch</a></strong> (GSW) so exciting. For the very first time we can answer how much money is being spent on development, who it’s coming from and where it is going.</p> <p>The data, compiled by <strong><a href="http://www.development-finance.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Development Finance International</a></strong> and supported by Oxfam GB, shows how much 52 low- and lower-middle-income countries (LIC’s and LMICs) are spending on MDG-related initiatives. With only 32 months to go until the Millennium Development Goals are due to be met, this is the first chance for ordinary citizens in countries <strong><a href="http://www.governmentspendingwatch.org/spending-data" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">from Armenia to Zambia</a></strong> to see whether governments are keeping their promises and spending the amounts needed to fight poverty or reach the MDGs.</p> <h3>So what does the data tell us?</h3> <p><strong>The good news is that many developing countries are investing more</strong> in real terms than ever before, but this trend is slowly reversing. The vast majority of developing countries are spending much less than they have committed to, or much less than international organizations have estimated are needed to change lives. Only one third of countries are meeting any education or health goals, and less than 30 per cent are hitting targets for agriculture and Water and Sanitation (WASH) initiatives. To top it off, falling aid commitments, low execution rates, and low recurrent spending have combined to put a real threat to any existing progress.  </p> <p><strong>Of course there are gaps in this data</strong>, and it doesn’t tell us everything. GSW has been able to compile almost three-quarters of sector data for education and health, but only two-thirds for agriculture, half for social protection and environment, one third for water and sanitation and one fifth for primary education and gender. Below is a handy map that visualises where we’re at. What’s also important to remember is whilst the quantity of government spending is significant in progressing towards the MDGs; it’s the quality of that investment that is will really make the difference. Investment in agriculture for example, needs to be focused on supporting small-scale farmers to improve the food security and livelihoods of those that need it most.</p> <em><a href="http://www.governmentspendingwatch.org">www.governmentspendingwatch.org</a></em> <p><strong>The most interesting part of developing GSW is how important a tool</strong> it will be in bringing governments back on track with their MDG spending. Campaigning and advocacy projects in country can work to keep governments more accountable by institutionalising demand for, and supply of, this data. It will also make it easier for global, regional and national stakeholders to advocate and campaign for higher spending on the MDGs.</p> <h3>Campaigning works</h3> <p><strong>We’ve seen real change occur when the public have had the opportunity to fight</strong> using the right information in the right way. In Sierra Leone for example,  a decade of civil war left vital resources such as health care woefully underfunded. Life expectancy is just 48 years, and it is one of the most dangerous places in the world for a woman to give birth.</p> <p>During 2012, a comprehensive budget tracking study was undertaken in <strong><a href="http://www.governmentspendingwatch.org/campaigns-and-advocacy/water-and-sanitation/52-increasing-health-and-sanitation-spending-in-sierra-leone" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Sierra Leone</a></strong> to analyse the quality and quantity of health and sanitation expenditure from national to local level. Oxfam led on the data collection for Freetown (the capital city, which has a third of the country’s population), talking to the Freetown City Council and District Health Management Team, as well as visiting health clinics and hospitals in the city. The study, and lobbying work with the Ministry of Finance, ensured that health was an issue high on the agenda in the run-up to the budget allocation for 2013.</p> <p><strong>The successes of the campaign became clear with an announcement by the Government of Sierra Leone</strong> that 10.5% of the 2013 budget would be allocated to health and sanitation, a massive increase from the 7.4% allocated in 2012. This increase could see an additional 7.4 billion Leones (US $1.7 million) allocated to the Free Healthcare programme, and an additional 1.5 billion Leones (US $340,000) for primary healthcare – which pays for the nurses, medical centres, and equipment that is used by poor people for basic medical needs. These increases could pay the annual salary for an additional 560 midwives.</p> <p>Government Spending Watch project will improve the availability of data and analysis on spending and budget-managed aid for all stakeholders. It will also increase the availability and transparency of data on spending related to the global development goals at national level, by institutionalising demand for, and supply of, this data, facilitating analysis by all stakeholders.  It will also promote a step change in the scale and coordination of global, regional and national advocacy and campaigning for public spending to achieve the MDGs and post MDGs.</p> <h3>What next?</h3> <p><strong>Future development of the GSW project will extend this analysis to 34 more countries</strong>, and hopefully to other sectors too. Once we have captured as much of the data as possible, GSW will also be fundamental in asking the next important question; how well are we spending the money we have? Such questions are especially important when countries such as Niger are reaching their 10% GDP on agriculture commitment under the <strong><a href="http://www.nepad.org/nepad/knowledge/doc/1787/maputo-declaration" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Maputo Declaration</a></strong>, yet there are still concerns it is not reaching the right areas.</p> <p>And what about the post-MDG timeframe? Data and analysis is a key body of evidence for the debate about what will follow the MDGs, so GSW will be an important tool in helping to determine how post-MDG goals evolve.  We’re hoping the database will   progress rapidly to express new development goals as they are agreed in future international agreements. One thing is sure. With this data, ordinary citizens can ask their governments and donors tough questions, and press them to keep their promises and spend more to save lives.</p> <p><em>Co-authored by Guppi Bola (Global Campaigner, Essential Services) and Rachel Bladon (Essential Services Intern), Oxfam GB</em></p> <p><strong>Keep up to date with Government Spending Watch on the website, on twitter <a href="http://www.twitter.com/@govspendwatch" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@govspendwatch</a> and across the web using <a href="http://www.twitter.com/#govspendwatch" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">#govspendwatch</a>.</strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Are governments meeting their MDG spending targets?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-05-16-los-gobiernos-estan-cumpliendo-con-las-inversiones-para-lograr-los-odm" title="Los gobiernos están cumpliendo con las inversiones para lograr los ODM?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-05-16-objectifs-millenaire-developpement-gouvernements-depenses-promises" title="Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement : les gouvernements dépensent-ils comme promis ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Thu, 16 May 2013 09:26:34 +0000 Guppi Bola 10313 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-05-16-are-governments-meeting-their-mdg-spending-targets#comments Wallpaper in Doha? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/08-12-01-wallpaper-doha <div class="field field-name-body"><p>I’m huddled in a corner of the swank Sheraton Hotel in Doha, Qatar.  Around me, workers are carrying massive rows of theater chairs, and rolls of wallpaper.</p> <p>Why am I here at the most famous hotel in Doha, in this tiny and extremely wealthy Gulf country? (Obviously not where I hang out on an average day)  And what on earth are they doing to this place?</p> <p>In fact, the workers are constructing a rather surreal replica of the UN General Assembly hall in the cavernous hotel ballroom. The government of Qatar has been pouring money into hosting this event, where UN governments are meeting to figure out how to channel enough money to poor countries so they can develop their economies and pull themselves out of poverty.  In policy speak, this is called “financing for development.”</p> <p>I am here with a small team from Oxfam, working behind the scenes to lobby rich governments to do the right thing and live up to their promises to put a modest amount of money on the table to fight global poverty.  With the other world governments here at the conference, they also have the chance to finally fix the broken and skewed global financial system that cripples poor countries as they try to develop.  Poor countries miss out on around $160 billion in tax revenues each year - according to the World Bank this is more than half of what is needed annually to lift the poorest people in the world out of poverty. </p> <p>This money is urgently needed to pay for teachers and health care workers – the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/health-education/story-forall-afsana" rel="nofollow">everyday heroes</a></strong> in developing countries who can do more than anyone else to put an end to poverty. Their work – along with strong health and education systems – allows children to grow up healthy and put their minds to work to make our world a better place.</p> <p>As we’ve seen in the last few weeks with the financial crisis, wealthy countries have no problem finding the money when they really want to. They have already spent <strong><a href="http://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=84" rel="nofollow">over a trillion dollars</a></strong> bailing out their banks from the financial crisis.</p> <p>But will they feel the same urgency for the poor of the world? Will they make the ambitious commitments here in Doha that are needed to protect the world’s poorest people from getting steamrolled by a financial crisis they did not create?  </p> <p>As I looked on, some hotel workers rolled out massive sheets of wallpaper and began plastering it on the walls of the “mini UN”.  The wallpaper was emblazoned with colorful logos about the importance of financing for development.  </p> <p>For me, this was a vivid image. I can picture world leaders wallpapering over their commitments at the end of this meeting in a similar way, with sleek words and vague agreements. They have a lot of problems at home, and it is more convenient to avoid these difficult questions. But there is no use in pretty pictures and nice words in a communiqué (or fancy hotel conferences) if they don’t lead to real action.  </p> <p>The Oxfam team will be working tirelessly here in Doha to make sure they come up with <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/if-not-now-when" rel="nofollow">real solutions</a></strong>, not just wallpaper.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Wallpaper in Doha?</h2></div> Mon, 01 Dec 2008 14:50:42 +0000 Katie Malouf Bous 8805 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/08-12-01-wallpaper-doha#comments The real story of Climate Change - from those most affected http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/07-12-31/real-story-climate-change-those-most-affected <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Today at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali, Oxfam launched "South Voices", a video with testimonies from 63 people from developing countries who are already feeling the impacts of climate change.</p> <p>The people featured in the video are already taking action to adapt to climate change, by making drastic changes to the way that they live their lives, but it is not enough, weather patterns are changing too fast. They need support from the rich countries that contributed most to climate change.</p> <p>They want you to join them and demand action from world leaders. <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/programs/campaigns/climate_change/pledge" rel="nofollow">Take the first step - Sign the Climate Change pledge with Oxfam.</a></p> <p>Below are just some of the powerful statements showing at the conference right now. [youtube=<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xo1zM3Okjag]">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xo1zM3Okjag]</a></p> <p></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>The real story of Climate Change - from those most affected</h2></div> Mon, 31 Dec 2007 22:59:59 +0000 Karina Brisby 8768 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/07-12-31/real-story-climate-change-those-most-affected#comments What does Adaptation Finance have to do with Climate Change? http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/07-12-04/what-does-adaptation-finance-have-do-climate-change <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Today, we launched a new briefing note (<a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/sets/72157603381448331/show/" target="_blank" title="Photos from Adaptation Finance Press Conference" rel="nofollow">see all the photos here</a>) at the UN Climate Change Conference that is being held in Bali, Indonesia. The note called “<a href="http://oxfaminternational.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/note.pdf" rel="nofollow">Financing adaptation: why the UN’s Bali Climate Conference must mandate the search for new funds".</a> received a lot of coverage in the media, so I was lucky to grab the lead author, Oxfam’s Charlotte Sterett, for a chat between interviews.</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Karina - What was your day like at the conference today? </strong></p> <p><strong>Charlotte</strong> - The second day of the Bali conference started with a flurry of activity, as Oxfam gave its first press conference that we will be doing here on adaptation financing. The note we launched focuses on the costs of adaptation in developing countries, and our panel included Oxfam staff, as well as conference delegates from developing countries. The delegates joined us in putting rich countries on notice, to live up their obligations as agreed under the UN and Kyoto Protocol, to assist poor developing countries adapt to climate change. </p> <p><strong>Why is adaptation financing needed to support people who are or will be in the future, affected by climate change?</strong></p> <p>Financing for adaptation is critical for poor women and men in vulnerable communities because their lives and livelihoods depend on it. Without this funding these countries will struggle to adapt to the changes in time and it will be the poorest who have to deal with the impacts. </p> <p><strong>What needs to happen to ensure that developing countries are able to cope with Climate Change?</strong></p> <p>Oxfam estimates that the costs of adaptation in all developing countries is at least $50bn(US) per year, and it will increase if emissions are not cut fast enough. The majority of the funds should come from rich, industrialized countries with the United States and the European Union providing the lion’s share of over 70%.</p> <p><strong>That's a lot of money?</strong></p> <p>$50bn per year is a lot of money, but it’s the amount that poor countries require to cope and adapt to the worst impacts of climate change. It’s also within the range that the UN has stated is required. It’s not only possible, it’s what rich countries have a moral responsibility to pay, given they are largely responsible for climate change. These funds can be raised if we have the political will to make real changes. </p> <p> <strong>What would a good result from this conference look like for Oxfam?</strong></p> <p>Along with significant political action to affect real progress in reducing global greenhouse gas emissions, Oxfam also wants to see the following achieved in terms of adaptation; </p> <ol><li> We want all rich countries to deliver on their promises to assist developing countries adapt to climate change</li> <li> We want to see agreement on an equitable ‘road-map’ for post-2012 that includes explicit discussion of potential fair and equitable funding sources for the adaptation fund</li> <li> We want funds for adaptation to be managed and disbursed in ways that put the needs of those worst affected by climate change first and central.</li> </ol><p> <strong>Finally, what does Climate Change mean to you on a personal level?</strong></p> <p>Climate change is affecting people around the world. At home in Australia we have been experiencing severe drought for many years which is reducing the amount of water we have available. However, Australia has the resources to manage this and as a result we do not suffer to the extent that poor women and men do in developing countries.</p> <p>For them the impacts are much more severe, and at times, life threatening. And when you hear stories from people in the Pacific , like the those from Ursula Rakova, from the Carteret Islands who are already making plans to leave because it is being swallowed by the sea, Climate Change becomes much more than a debate about facts and figures.</p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p><strong>Thanks Charlotte. </strong></p> <p><strong></strong><a href="http://www.un.org/webcast/unfccc/2007/index.asp?go=05071204" rel="nofollow">You can watch the press conference at the United Nations Climate Change Conference website </a> or <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/sets/72157603381448331/show/" target="_blank" title="Photos from Adaptation Finance Press Conference" rel="nofollow">see a slide show of photos from event.</a></p> <p>Charlotte Sterett - is the Climate Change Campaign Manager for Oxfam Australia and lead author of</p> <p>Karina Brisby - is Interactive Campaigns Mananger for Oxfam Great Britain</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>What does Adaptation Finance have to do with Climate Change?</h2></div> Tue, 04 Dec 2007 16:35:49 +0000 Karina Brisby 8791 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/07-12-04/what-does-adaptation-finance-have-do-climate-change#comments