Oxfam International Blogs - famine http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/famine en Stop the Bombs, Yemen is Starving http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-11-20-stop-bombs-yemen-starving <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>In recent days in the port city of Hodeidah in Yemen, hundreds of bombs have been dropped on and fighting has raged around the hospital</strong>. Houthis artillery fire in Yemen, and across the border into Saudi villages and towns, has similar effects. This intensification of fighting in the has put the spotlight back on the terrible conflict which has been raging since 2014.</p> <p>The tragedy here is that the crisis is human made and a product largely of arms brought in from outside of Yemen, both before the war and since it started.</p> <h3>Millions of People Are in Need</h3> <p>The fighting has <a href="https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/yemen-hodeida-port-city-war-civilians-saudi-arabia-houthis-a8404841.html">trapped about 600,000 civilians</a> in the city as the coalition led by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) seek to wrest control of the port from Houthi forces, who have some backing from Iran. Hodeidah is strategically important as the vast majority of humanitarian aid for Yemen flows through the port, and the risk is that the fighting will leave the 22.2 million people in need of aid without access to food or medical supplies.</p> <p>In the past week, the World Food Programme has been <a href="https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-al-hudaydah-update-situation-report-no-14-reporting-period-16-october-13-november">unable to access</a> 51,000 metric tons (MT) of wheat grain stored at the Red Sea Mills in the city, enough to feed 3.5 million people for a month. And a vital UNHCR warehouse containing emergency shelter and non-food items has become inaccessible.</p> <h3>Imported Arms Are Fuelling Death in Yemen</h3> <p>This terrible situation is entirely caused by a war in which the parties are dependent on arms supplied from outside the country.</p> <p>For the coalition side, arms, equipment and munitions have come mostly from western countries. The Saudi Arabian Air Force flies military jets from the US and UK, with bombs and missiles are supplied by those States and also notably by Italy. The UAE is also a coalition partner with a strong presence on the ground in Yemen including in the fighting in Hodeidah. The UAE is equipped with tanks and other armoured vehicles by France, and by a Canadian-owned Dubai based military vehicle manufacturer. France has also sold jets to the UAE and Qatar.</p> <p>Concerns about violations of International Human Rights Law (IHL), which have been committed by all parties to the conflict, have until recently not had much effect on the supply of bombs, missiles and other military arms and equipment to Saudi Arabia or other coalition countries.</p> <p>However, following the <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-45812399">murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi</a> in Turkey by the Saudi government, countries such as Germany, Norway and Austria have recently announced a suspension of arms transfers to the Kingdom, and pressed other EU states to do the same. Most recently, the <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-security/u-s-ends-refueling-support-in-yemen-war-as-pressure-builds-on-saudi-arabia-idUSKCN1NF06R">US announcement</a> on October 10, of an end of refuelling for Saudi fighter jets active in Yemen, should hopefully constrain their ability to maintain a high operational tempo.</p> <p>Research by the UNSC mandated panel of experts showed that Iran smuggled arms into Yemen for use by the Houthis - who have also used arms and equipment from government forces which they seized, or were given by deserting army units in the early stages of the war. Further research by independent analysts have also shown continuing supplies of explosives and military technology, including missiles and drones, from Iran.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr" xml:lang="en">The people of <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Yemen?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Yemen</a> are experiencing one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises. <br /><br />They desperately need our support: <a href="https://t.co/P3wXVqCmiv">https://t.co/P3wXVqCmiv</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/YemenCantWait?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#YemenCantWait</a> <a href="https://t.co/HwoOAyWmKW">pic.twitter.com/HwoOAyWmKW</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/1064272535292768256?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 18, 2018</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Women Are Affected Most</h3> <p>Oxfam is particularly concerned about the gendered impact of arms supplied to all combatants, with the burden of the violence <a href="http://www.unwomen.org/en/what-we-do/humanitarian-action/facts-and-figures">falling particularly heavily on women and girls</a> trapped in war zones.</p> <p>Explosive weapons like the bombs and missiles used in Yemen put women at greater health risk than men:</p> <ul><li>especially due to the lack of access to healthcare after exposure to explosive weapons use or because of miscarriage;</li> <li>women are more discriminated against than men if disfigured or disabled as a result of such exposure;</li> <li>women are more vulnerable economically and socially than men especially if displaced by explosive weapons use;</li> <li>and women are usually less able to participate than men in rebuilding societies and infrastructure after conflict, meaning their needs are less likely to be met.</li> </ul><p>Fighting in Yemen has also caused the <a href="https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-unhcr-update-march-2018">displacement of over 2 million people</a>. Among other gendered effects of conflict, it is known that displaced women have a higher risk of exposure and exploitation, and in particular are subject to gender-based violence.</p> <p>Research shows that during conflict and militarisation of societies there is often an increase in sexism and violence towards women and therefore also an <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4012695/">increase in the risk of sexual violence</a>, which then usually goes unpunished.</p> <h3>Yemen Is Desperate for Peace</h3> <p>Oxfam has <a href="https://www.oxfam.org.uk/scotland/blog/2017/09/yemenoped">consistently called</a> on <a href="https://politicsofpoverty.oxfamamerica.org/2017/12/bringing-the-blockade-of-yemen-to-washington/">all States</a> to <a href="https://www.oxfam.org.uk/media-centre/press-releases/2015/09/uk-arms-sales-fuelling-yemen-crisis-in-potential-breach-of-law-says-oxfam">stop the supply of arms</a> to all those fighting in Yemen, and where suppliers are party to the Arms Trade Treaty, to live up to their <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2018-11-07/oxfam-joins-yemeni-and-international-organizations-call-immediate-ceasefire">obligations to cease supplies</a> where there is an overriding risk of violations of international humanitarian and human rights law.</p> <p>The people of Yemen need peace.</p> <p>They need the arms supplies to stop and supplies of food and medicine to enter the country unimpeded to meet their needs.</p> <p>They need materials for the reconstruction of civilian infrastructure destroyed in fighting.</p> <p>So far, countries have <a href="https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/perverse-cycle-european-arms-sales-saudi-and-uae-worth-sixty-times-aid-yemen-356882718">earned much more from arms sales</a> than they have given in humanitarian aid.</p> <p>This needs to end, and end now.</p> <p>The new and fragile ceasefire offers hope. Will it last?</p> <p><em>This entry posted on 19 November 2018, by Martin Butcher, Oxfam's Policy Advisor on Arms and Conflict.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Jameela Ahmed's three boys sitting in the room they live in, in a village outside Khamer city, Yemen. Jameela's husband died about seven years ago, so she takes care of her children. In Amran governorate, Oxfam has reached over 205,000 people. In these hard-to-reach areas, we set up some cash assistance projects to support people’s battle against starvation, and malnourished children receive treatment from Oxfam’s partners. We have also run projects for hygiene awareness and cholera prevention. Credit: Gabreez/Oxfam<br /></em></p> <h3>Read more:</h3> <ul><li><em><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/search/node/yemen"><strong>Blogs on Yemen</strong></a><br /></em></li> <li><em><strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/crisis-yemen">Support Oxfam's humanitarian response in Yemen</a><br /></strong></em></li> <li><em><strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases?keys=yemen&amp;created%5Bmin%5D%5Bdate%5D=&amp;created%5Bmax%5D%5Bdate%5D=">Oxfam's press releases on Yemen</a><br /></strong></em></li> </ul></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Stop the Bombs, Yemen is Starving</h2></div> Tue, 20 Nov 2018 09:05:12 +0000 Martin Butcher 81784 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-11-20-stop-bombs-yemen-starving#comments Stop the war in Yemen http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-03-26-stop-war-yemen <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong><em>It's now been three years of war in Yemen. Meet Ahmed - he is only 14 but has a thousand reasons to end this inhuman war.</em></strong></p><p>In a camp for people forced to flee their homes due to the war in Abs district, Hajjah governorate, Ahmed lives with his younger brother and three sisters. He is only 14 but has a thousand reasons to end this inhuman war. His father was diagnosed with cancer, his house was bombed and his sheep, the family's main source of income, died. Thankfully the family survived and moved out to this camp in Abs.</p><p>The story doesn't end here, even though I wish it did. That would have been considered a happy ending compared to what actually happened. Earlier this year, and after seven months of suffering, Ahmed's father died, leaving his family behind to face poverty alone.</p><h3>Days without food</h3><p>Shortly after his father’s death, Ahmed was awakened by his sisters crying around their mother's body. Ahmed rushed into the room just to realize his mother had died.</p><p>After burying her, they all moved to live with their uncle, who later sent them back to the camp because he couldn't afford to take care of them along with his own large family.</p><p>Ahmed suffers from asthma and works to provide food and clothes for his siblings. He tries to work with any opportunity he can find, people give him whatever they call, sometimes a few dollars, most of the time nothing. His sister also collects firewood that he sells on the market in exchange for food. It happens that they spend days without food.</p><p><img alt="Ahmed and his siblings in Al-Okasha camp for internally displaced people, Abs district, Hajjah governorate. Photo: Ahmed Al-Fadeel/Oxfam" title="Ahmed and his siblings in Al-Okasha camp for internally displaced people, Abs district, Hajjah governorate. Photo: Ahmed Al-Fadeel/Oxfam" height="827" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="1" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/img_1123-ahmed-and-siblings-1240.jpg" /></p><p><em>Ahmed and his siblings in Al-Okasha camp for internally displaced people, Abs district, Hajjah governorate. Photo: Ahmed Al-Fadeel/Oxfam</em></p><h3>Famine threatens</h3><p>Famine is threatening eight million people across Yemen, and much of the country’s basic infrastructure has been bombed, including hospitals, schools, water-sources, factories, markets, bridges and ports.</p><p>Civil workers haven't been paid their salaries for over a year now, and the <strong><a href="https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-humanitarian-response-plan-january-december-2018-enar" rel="nofollow">UN appeal for Yemen</a></strong> hasn't been fully funded for the third consecutive year, while vital life-saving ports are blocked for more than what people could afford.</p><p>Today in 2018, millions of people in Yemen are neglected and suffering, slowly battling starvation and disease. Our people have been bombed, killed, injured, scared, displaced, starved, blocked, sickened, and denied basic rights for nearly three years now.</p><p>All of this has happened in front of the very nations that promised to protect human rights. It has happened under the watch of the United Nations and, painfully, many international NGOs who are here with us, struggling on a daily basis to provide help, either because we’re denied access to local districts or because of the blockade of Yemen’s vital life-saving ports.</p><h3>Oxfam is there</h3><p>Through Oxfam, we have seen ugly truths that the world is silent about. We have seen death in people's eyes, bodies too hungry to live and malnourished small children suffering from cholera. We don't need to tell you what else we saw, because history is full of examples of war tragedies, some of which are still happening here in Yemen.</p><p>More than 5,500 civilians have died in this war and over 2,000 others have died of cholera, mostly children and the elderly.</p><p>Since July 2015, <strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/crisis-yemen" rel="nofollow">Oxfam has reached more than 2.8 million people</a></strong> with humanitarian assistance, with the help of our local partners. Yet over 22 million people are in dire need of immediate humanitarian assistance.</p><p><img alt="A displaced woman in Taiz governorate. Credit: Zeyad Ghanem/Oxfam" title="A displaced woman in Taiz governorate. Credit: Zeyad Ghanem/Oxfam" height="827" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="2" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/dsc_4420-woman-1240.jpg" /></p><h3>World leaders are silent</h3><p>And still, while the situation keeps on deteriorating, the war is being<strong> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/38365529/from-egypt-to-saudi-arabia-heres-who-the-uk-is-selling-arms-to" rel="nofollow">fueled by arm sales</a></strong> that kill my people. World leaders silently continue to watch what many call the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, and Yemen is facing a world-class humanitarian despair.</p><p>World leaders and the United Nations are failing humanity once again. We are disappointed and so are 29 million other Yemenis.</p><p>I desperately wish to see the war end and no more children to suffer like Ahmed. There are far too many families like Ahmed's.</p><p><img alt="People gather around a water tank provided by Oxfam in Khamir, a district in Amran governorate hosting many internally displaced people. Photo: Kate Wiggans/Oxfam" title="People gather around a water tank provided by Oxfam in Khamir, a district in Amran governorate hosting many internally displaced people. Photo: Kate Wiggans/Oxfam" height="826" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" data-delta="4" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/oxfam-water-delivery-1240.jpg" /></p><p><em>People gather around a water tank provided by Oxfam in Khamir, a district in Amran governorate hosting many internally displaced people. Oxfam engineers repaired an existing water network there, which reached 30% of families in the town with running water for the first time in 7 years. Credit: Kate Wiggans/Oxfam, June 2016</em></p><p><em>This entry posted by Ibrahim Yahia Alwazir, Social Media Officer, and Ahmed Al-Fadeel, Field Media Assistant, both Oxfam in Yemen, on 26 March 2018.</em></p><p><em>Top photo: Ahmed and his siblings in Al-Okasha IDP camp, Abs district, Hajjah governorate. Faces blurred to protect the children's identities. <em>Credit: Ahmed Al-Fadeel/Oxfam.</em></em></p><ul><li><strong>Read <a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/tags/yemen">more blogs about Yemen</a></strong></li><li><strong></strong><strong>Support <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/crisis-yemen">Oxfam's humanitarian work in Yemen</a></strong></li></ul><p></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Stop the war in Yemen</h2></div> Mon, 26 Mar 2018 10:01:02 +0000 Guest Blogger 81452 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/18-03-26-stop-war-yemen#comments This starvation in Africa is an affront to humanity http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-04-13-starvation-africa-affront-humanity <div class="field field-name-body"><p>We’re all shaken by the fact that our world stands on the brink of 4 famines. It is unprecedented in modern times. It should never have been allowed to happen. The UN says nearly 20 million people are at risk of starvation.<br><br>Nigel Timmins and I recently joined Oxfam staff and partners in northeast Nigeria, and South Sudan.</p><p>In Northeast Nigeria we visited people and the work we do in and around Maiduguri, and travelled to Gwoza and Pulka (towns that have been badly affected by the conflict, with much of Gwoza totally destroyed by Boko Haram; Pulka is still receiving people being displaced by the conflict for the first time). We spoke with parents who were receiving support, but did not have proper shelter or enough food for their children.</p><p><img height="853" width="1280" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/oxfam_nigeria_2017_tom_saater_-1981_0.jpg" alt="" /></p><p>We saw how communities have been forced to flee their homes, leaving everything behind as they seek safety, food, clean water and more amid the ongoing conflict between Boko Haram and the government.</p><p><img height="853" width="1280" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/oxfam_nigeria_2017_tom_saater_-3786.jpg" alt="" /></p><p><em>Oxfam rehabilitated two boreholes in Kushari, giving both local and displaced families access to safe and clean water.</em></p><p>In South Sudan we went to Malakal which used to be South Sudan’s second largest city, as well as the capital Juba.</p><p>In Malakal we saw widespread destruction. Homes, schools - almost every building was in ruin. We met&nbsp; women who risk being attacked when they leave the protected area to find food or firewood for their families.</p><p><img alt="Upper Nile University used to be one of the highest regarded universities in South Sudan. It is now reduced to rubble like much of the town. Photo: Bruno Bierrenbach Feder" title="Upper Nile University used to be one of the highest regarded universities in South Sudan. It is now reduced to rubble like much of the town. Photo: Bruno Bierrenbach Feder" height="680" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/malakal-univ-1240.jpg" /></p><p>As an African: it pains me to see this happening on our continent. I feel great sadness, but also anger and humiliation.</p><p>Thousands of people are thought to have died already. Many of them are young children.</p><p><strong>The cruelty of human-made crisis</strong></p><p>As Nigel said: “These are human-made crises. They’re not inevitable. There is no reason, and no excuse in today’s world, for a mother to sleep outdoors on the ground with her children, with little food or water and fearing for their lives. This should not happen."</p><p>Governments must act. We need an injection of aid, backed by diplomatic courage to tackle the causes of these crises. State, national and international political leadership is needed now to address the immediate crisis and bring an end to the conflict.</p><p>Oxfam is doing what we can - delivering on the front-lines to those in need and pushing decision makers to act. I met with Oxfam staff who are working to help raise women’s voices and who are scaling up our response to support families to earn their own incomes and to return to farming.</p><p>This is a journey Nigel and I wish we had never had to make – but we are so glad we were able to see this crisis first-hand and meet these brave people. We will do our utmost to continue sharing what we have seen, and push decision-makers to avert catastrophic loss of life.</p><p><img alt="Winnie embraces a woman from a women’s group in the Protection of Civilians center in Malakal, South Sudan. Photo: Bruno Bierrenbach Feder" title="Winnie embraces a woman from a women’s group in the Protection of Civilians center in Malakal, South Sudan. Photo: Bruno Bierrenbach Feder" height="680" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/winnie-hug-1200.jpg" /></p><p><strong>Cause for hope</strong></p><p>And we must tell you: in the midst of such suffering, we had cause for hope.</p><p>We saw communities sharing what little they have with others in greater need. Wespoke with strong women and young people who are stepping up as leaders in their communities. We were greeted with warmth and gratitude by people who have been through so much, and have so little.</p><p>Political leaders and the international community can still – and must – avert catastrophic loss of life. We need an immediate and sweeping response.</p><p>We must end this betrayal of some of the world’s most vulnerable people.</p><p><strong>How you can help: </strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/famine-and-hunger-crisis" rel="nofollow"><strong>Donate to Oxfam now</strong></a></p><hr><p><img alt="Winnie Byanyima meeting with leaders in Nigeria. Photo: Tom Saater/Oxfam" title="Winnie Byanyima meeting with leaders in Nigeria. Photo: Tom Saater/Oxfam" height="680" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/oxfam-nigeria-2017-tom-saater-1642-winnie-pleading-1240.jpg" /></p><p>In northeast Nigeria, Winnie, Nigel and the team visited Oxfam’s programs in and around Maidaguri. Oxfam is responding to the crisis there by providing access to food through distributions and cash for people to use in local markets, clean water and sanitation and helping people to keep themselves safe. During the visit, they met with senior State Government leadership, including the Deputy Governor, the Secretary to the State Government and the State Attorney General. They discussed key issues including the stark number of people at risk of starvation in the state, improving coordination between the humanitarian community and the state government, government funding and leadership in the response and secondary displacement.<a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/famine-and-hunger-crisis" rel="nofollow"></a></p><p><em>Photos 1, 2, 3, 6: Credit Tom Saater/Oxfam</em></p><p><em>Photos 4, 5: Credit Bruno Bierrenbach Feder/Oxfam</em></p><p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p><p></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>This starvation in Africa is an affront to humanity</h2></div> Thu, 13 Apr 2017 15:18:23 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 81018 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-04-13-starvation-africa-affront-humanity#comments There was a time in Yemen... http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-03-22-there-was-time-yemen <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>This entry posted by Sylvia Ghaly, Head of Policy and Campaigns, Oxfam Yemen, based in Sana’a, on 22 March 2017.</em></p><p><strong><em></em>There was a time when</strong> hearing airplanes flying used to put a smile on my face. It was a reminder of the good memories from a holiday that had just ended or of the plans I was making for my next trip. <br><br>Now, when I hear airplanes hovering in the sky, I get scared of what might come next. I pay attention in case there is an airstrike to follow and I start counting the number of airstrikes, even those far away: One… Two… and with the third strike we are herded to the basement, usually in the middle of the night. Sometimes there are only two strikes, but that is even worse as I cannot go back to sleep, waiting for the third to come.</p><p>Some of the airstrikes are so strong that they shake the house, we can feel it even when we are in the basement. The truth is no matter how much we would like to think that we are safe, we never know if and when we will end up to be counted as ‘collateral damage’ or just ‘a mistake’ of those well trained jetfighters! <br><br><strong>There was a time when</strong> seeing armed people was a rarity, a novelty. I remember when I was in the US post 9/11 and the country was dotted by armed forces. Going to the State Library, I snapped a shot of a tourist posing with smiling members of the armed forces protecting the public spaces. Here in Yemen, the second most armed country in the world, seeing armed people is becoming normal for me.</p><p>Even though I haven’t been out much because of the security restrictions, just from the airport to the guesthouse, you can see the number of people in arms. They don’t look violent: they carry their arms the way guys in other countries wear a man-purse these days. That is, of course, not taking into account the famous Yemeni dagger, the ‘jambia’, which I personally count as decorative accessory rather than a weapon!<strong> </strong></p><p><img alt="Shahd and Fatima*, both three years old at the time, fled from Sada&#039;a to Khamir in Amran to look for safety. Credit: Hind Aleryani/Oxfam, August 2015" title="Shahd and Fatima*, both three years old at the time, fled from Sada&#039;a to Khamir in Amran to look for safety. Credit: Hind Aleryani/Oxfam, August 2015" height="680" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/94002lpr-girls-smiling-1240x680.jpg" /><br><strong><br>There was a time when</strong> the idea of child soldiers was an academic concept, a topic of research that stemmed from my strong belief in children’s rights and the need to protect children from harm. But here in Yemen, it is a daily reality when you pass one of the many checkpoints along the road that are ‘manned’ by child soldiers.<br><br>There was a time when seeing children of this age would have been followed by a casual conversation about which school they attended and what grade they were enrolled in. The encounter would have culminated with me emptying my pockets of pens, sweets or chocolates to share with them.</p><p>Today, when I see these children with their firearms weighing on their shoulders I say nothing, I pretend not to understand the language, and I hide behind my sunglasses waiting for the moment to pass. While waiting, I continue to wonder what future can these children hope for and what future does the country have when its children are deprived of education and a childhood.</p><p><strong><img alt="Hassan, 11, and his family are displaced from Harad city, now living in Almnkorh camp for displaced people in Abs District. Credit: Moayed Al-Shaybani/Oxfam" title="Hassan, 11, and his family are displaced from Harad city, now living in Almnkorh camp for displaced people in Abs District. Credit: Moayed Al-Shaybani/Oxfam" height="751" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/hassan-donkey-1240.jpg" /></strong></p><p><strong>There was a time when</strong> the concept of war was a theoretical one, it was shaped by what I saw on TV, in a movie or in the news and we all know that the news are always bias and things were never as bad as portrayed by the media. But they are, maybe even worse in the parts that the media cannot reach. War is a dirty ugly business and to my greatest surprise, here in Yemen there is no denying that the countries that pioneered the concepts of freedom, democracy and human rights are the same countries profiting from the war in Yemen and in the region. <br><br>There was a time when I thought that our ethical and moral compasses were strong enough to protect the vulnerable and to defend their rights, but now I know that these ideals are just that, ideals that can be part of presidential election speeches or academic lectures, but in reality, war will continue to exist for as long as human life is not the most valuable commodity and the value of one’s life is not the same around the world. <br><br>I hope for a time when I will be able to explore Yemen the way I did in many other countries around the world, when I will be able to visit Sana’a’s Old City and Socotra in the south without fear of kidnapping, violence or war. <br><br>Sooner or later that time will come, but unfortunately the more peace is delayed the more innocent people pay the price. <br><br><strong>There will be a time… for peace in Yemen.</strong><br><br><em>This entry posted by Sylvia Ghaly, Head of Policy and Campaigns, Oxfam Yemen, based in Sana’a, on 22 March 2017.</em><br><br><em>Photos:</em></p><ul><li><em>Boys of Khamer, Yemen. Credit: Sylvia Ghaly/Oxfam, August 2016</em></li><li><em></em><em>Shahd and Fatima*, both three years old at the time, fled from Sada'a to Khamir in Amran to look for safety. Credit: Hind Aleryani/Oxfam, August 2015</em></li><li><em>Hassan*, 11, and his family are displaced from Harad city, now living in Almnkorh camp for displaced people in Abs District. He travels daily on his donkey to collect water and firewood. Credit: Moayed Al-Shaybani/Oxfam, June 2016</em></li></ul><p><em>*Name changed to protect identity</em></p><p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/crisis-yemen" rel="nofollow"><strong>Please donate to Oxfam's humanitarian work in Yemen</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>There was a time in Yemen...</h2></div> Wed, 22 Mar 2017 17:13:33 +0000 Guest Blogger 80986 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-03-22-there-was-time-yemen#comments Why is there famine in South Sudan and what can be done http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-02-22-why-there-famine-south-sudan-and-what-can-be-done <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Famine in South Sudan has left 100,000 people on the verge of starvation and almost 5 million people, more than 40% of the country's population, in need of urgent help.</p> <p>Famine is a technical term and the formal declaration of famine in South Sudan means people there have already started dying of hunger.<br /></p><h3>Why is there famine in South Sudan?</h3> <p>The compounding effects of the conflict in South Sudan means that trade routes have been disrupted and the food security situation has been getting worse year on year, so that we are now seeing parts of the country declared to be in a state of famine.</p> <p>The IPC readings  show that communities in some of the areas most affected by the conflict, are the worst hit as they are unable to produce their own food and humanitarian organisations are unable to reach them.</p> <p>This demonstrates the importance of all parties to the conflict to allow humanitarians to deliver aid to those who need it, in order to stop a worsening situation across the country.</p> <p> </p><h3>Humanitarian access is critical</h3> <p>In this day and age, we should not be seeing people dying simply because there is not enough to eat. We should all take a share of the responsibility – from the impacts of climate change, to our inability to bring an end to the conflict in South Sudan, this has all led us to this point.</p> <p>It is now imperative that all parties to the conflict allow humanitarian organisations to access those communities most in need, wherever they are in the country, and also to support longer terms solutions for peace and sustainable livelihoods.</p> <p>We also need the international community to open its eyes to the suffering here in South Sudan and ensure that humanitarian as well as longer term responses are adequately funded and pressure is applied from all angles to bring this conflict to an end.</p> <iframe width="640" height="360" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/-kUpD7LAJaw?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen=""></iframe><p> </p><h3>Oxfam is there</h3> <p>Just last week I was in Ganyiel, an area in Panijar county, one of the states that people fear will be next to fall to deadly famine. Our teams there travel for hours by canoe to access communities cut off from the world. People on these islands have fled unimaginable violence, and now are left hungry and at risk of deadly diseases such a cholera.</p> <p>We know that where there are high levels of food insecurity, but also the presence of humanitarian actors, a famine can be averted.</p> <p>Oxfam is working with others in South Sudan to reach the most vulnerable. With partners including the World Food Programme, we aim to address acute and chronic food insecurity. We aim to make sure that the most vulnerable people have enough nutritious food while also working with them to build and strengthen their livelihoods.</p> <p><strong>Some of the ways Oxfam is helping are:</strong></p> <ul><li>Providing people with food directly through distributions</li> <li>Providing access to clean water for cooking and drinking</li> <li>Helping people to buy livestock and produce their own food for daily family consumption</li> <li>Supporting people to set up small businesses, and providing training, tools and inputs for agriculture and fish farming.</li> </ul><p>Where possible, we aim to source inputs through local traders, and work closely with them to build up viable markets to strengthen the local economy.</p> <p> </p><h3>Will other areas of South Sudan slip into famine?</h3> <p>lt is expected that 47% of South Sudan’s population will be in an emergency food shortage by July. The magnitude of this is unprecedented in the short history of the country.</p> <p>If food prices continue to rise, access to land and farming supplies continues to be impeded, and humanitarian access remains limited, then food insecurity can only be expected to deteriorate further. The result would be wider spread famine.<br /></p><h3>What needs to happen now?</h3> <p>This is a man-made tragedy, and we are running out of time to avoid it getting worse. In over 30 years working in the affected areas, Oxfam has never witnessed such dire need. The safe passage of humanitarian aid and humanitarian workers, delivering assistance and saving lives is imperative so that those who most need food and clean water can access it at this critical time.<br /><br />Operating in a complex conflict environment like South Sudan means that communities are often out of reach for a variety of reasons, including arbitrary actions and bureaucratic impediments by state and non-state actors. However, too often we are unable to access communities because of heavy fighting. We therefore call on all parties to the conflict to ensure humanitarian organizations can reach those most in need safely.<br /><br /><em>Oxfam has been assisting populations in South Sudan since the 1980’s providing food security and water, sanitation and hygiene assistance. In the past year alone, Oxfam has helped over 600,000 people across the country with food and water distributions and longer-term aid.</em><br /><br /><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/crisis-south-sudan"><strong>Donate now</strong></a></p> <p><em>This entry posted by Dorothy Sang (<a href="https://twitter.com/DorothySang">@DorothySang</a>), Oxfam Humanitarian Campaigns Manager, South Sudan, on 22 February 2017.</em><br /><br /><em>Photo: Martha Nyandit waits for an Oxfam/WFP food delivery, Mingkaman camp, South Sudan. Photo: Pablo Tosco/Oxfam, April 2014</em><strong><br /></strong></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Why is there famine in South Sudan and what can be done</h2></div> Wed, 22 Feb 2017 18:40:14 +0000 Guest Blogger 80946 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/17-02-22-why-there-famine-south-sudan-and-what-can-be-done#comments Somalia: eight warnings of catastrophe so far, and still no action http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-07-24-somalia-eight-warnings-catastrophe-so-far-and-no-action <div class="field field-name-body"><h3>Early warnings need to result in early action in Somalia</h3> <p>Last week marked three years since the UN declared <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/east-africa-food-crisis/famine-somalia-what-needs-be-done" rel="nofollow"><strong>famine in Somalia</strong></a>. The catastrophe facing the Somali people three years ago ended in at least 260,000 people dying, half of them children.</p> <p>In May this year, 26 organisations came together to <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/somalia-crisis-alert-risk-relapse" rel="nofollow">call for the world to remember Somalia</a></strong>. The country faces a constant battle against apathy with the international community managing to forget about the fact that <strong>nearly 3 million people – a third of the population - are in severe crisis</strong>. </p> <p>The UN also raised the alarm with Somalia’s UN’s Humanitarian Coordinator highlighting the huge funding gap we face. The Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief <strong><a href="http://reliefweb.int/report/somalia/statement-under-secretary-general-humanitarian-affairs-and-emergency-relief" rel="nofollow">Valerie Amos also addressed the UN Security Council</a></strong> to highlight how fragile and worrying the situation in Somalia is. </p> <p>At that stage, the common appeal for humanitarian funds for Somalia<strong> was only 19% funded.</strong> In the past few weeks we have seen more money come through and <strong>the appeal now stands at 27%</strong>. Although this is a good step forward, there is still a huge funding gap and the UN has also raised concerns that life saving programs are at risk of closing. This will lead to an increase in preventable deaths, unless major donors step up and take responsibility to save lives in Somalia.</p> <h3><strong>Action is possible and urgent</strong></h3> <p>Now 28 NGOs have again come together to demonstrate what needs to happen in Somalia. The briefing “<strong><a href="http://oxf.am/hFd" rel="nofollow">Risk of Relapse: Call to Action</a></strong>” highlights the sort of activities needed in the next three to six weeks and the next three to six months, in sectors such as <strong>healthcare, water, sanitation and hygiene, nutrition</strong> and other areas. They may seem like minor solutions like provision of diesel to river based communities to support crop production, or cash for training on nutrition, but together they add up to a package of that can prevent people from falling into extreme need. </p> <p>This briefing along with the UN’s combined response plan, provide a plan for action and how much is needed to deliver for people. There are constant concerns about security and fear of <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/dec/09/al-shabaab-somalia-exploited-aid-agencies-famine" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>aid diversion</strong></a> in Somalia, but <strong>these must not be used as excuses for inaction</strong>. The fact is these agencies working on the ground continue to reach people in need and aid gets to those who need it. We are able to tackle the crisis. </p> <p>We have now had <strong><a href="http://www.fsnau.org/downloads/fsnau-swalim-early-warning-alert-july-2014" rel="nofollow">eight early warnings</a></strong> of a worsening emergency in Somalia. In the run up to the Somalia famine in 2011, we had 16 such warnings. We have shown today that action is possible and urgent. This all adds up to donors needing to put their hands in their pockets immediately to divert us from the path to catastrophe.</p> <h3><strong>Related links</strong></h3> <p><strong>Report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/somalia-crisis-alert-risk-relapse" rel="nofollow">Risk of Relapse: Somalia Risk Alert</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Photo gallery: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/development/somalia/different-perspective-photos" rel="nofollow">Somalia: a different perspective</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/somalia" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's work in Somalia</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Somalia: eight warnings of catastrophe so far, and still no action</h2></div> Thu, 24 Jul 2014 12:14:14 +0000 Ed Pomfret 10729 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-07-24-somalia-eight-warnings-catastrophe-so-far-and-no-action#comments The golden goal of a lifetime: 5 step plan for Jose Mourinho to help beat hunger http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-21-jose-mourinho-golden-goal-5-steps-beat-hunger <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Jose Mourinho has the opportunity to score the golden goal of a lifetime! Is he ready to take his game through a 5 step plan to beat the keeper and score against hunger?</strong></p> <p>Jose Mourinho’s new role is probably the most meaningful of his life time. As the new UN Global Ambassador Against Hunger he has an opportunity to score against climate change - the single biggest threat to beating hunger.</p> <p>"Supporting the work of the World Food Programme on the frontlines of hunger is a personal decision about a cause that is very close to the hearts of me and my family," said Mourinho as he announced his decision to be an ambassador for the World Food Programme and the fight against hunger.</p> <p>As one of the world’s most successful football managers, Mourinho knows what it takes to win. Winning the fight against hunger though is a huge challenge. <strong>One in eight of us go to bed hungry every day</strong> and without drastic intervention millions more face the same fight. One of the biggest opponents in this league is climate change. Indeed it’s the single biggest threat Mourinho will face in his tenure at the World Food Programme.</p> <p>If he wants to score a winning goal Mourinho will need to take on climate change-- an opponent which risks leaving at least 50 million additional people hungry by 2050. Mourinho is no stranger to beating the odds and here he has a golden opportunity to use his superstar status to bring attention to global hunger and climate change. If he wants to take his team to the top of the heap there are 5 big issues that we need to tackle:</p> <h3>1) Blow the whistle and tackle problems head on!</h3> <p>Be bold, be determined and, tackle the problem head on. Mourinho has never had a problem putting a winning team through its paces. Working with the <a href="http://www.wfp.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>World Food Programme</strong></a> he will be part of an incredible movement to deliver food to people in emergencies – like those impacted by climate change. But it’s just as important to prevent climate disasters from making people hungry in the first place. Mourinho and the World Food Programme can do this by calling on food and beverage companies like General Mills and Kellogg to measure all Green House Gas emissions and get companies to commit to reducing these in their supply chains.</p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/campaign-news/fed-up-with-climate-change-making-people-hungry,-q-,-take-action" rel="nofollow">Join the more than 100,000 people telling Kellogg and General Mills to stop climate change making people hungry</a></strong></p> <h3>2) Call on the Big 10 Food and Beverage companies to stop playing defense!</h3> <p>Tony the Tiger and the Jolly Green Giant are not delivering on their promises to keep people satisfied. Their owners, Kellogg and General Mills, buy from producers and suppliers that destroy forests and damage land which ultimately leave communities hungry and homeless. A food supplier linked to these companies is currently on trial in Indonesia for burning down forests to do just that – so there’s a chance we could have eaten the food produced as a result. Mourinho must <strong>call on companies to make sure their brands don’t play dirty</strong>.</p> <h3>3) Learning from away games</h3> <p>The Indonesia case is shocking. But there’s more for Mourinho to think about. If he visits Liberia, he may encounter farmers like<strong> <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/campaign-news/when-the-sun-is-shining,-our-crops-are-dying" rel="nofollow">Eric Pyne</a></strong> from Sinoe County, whose land is suffering from unpredictable weather patterns and a lack of rain. In addition, Eric’s land will also be under threat from another supplier linked to Kellogg and General Mills who could chop down much of the local forest that Eric relies on – making feeding his family difficult and the impact from climate change worse.</p> <p><strong>Kellogg and General Mills have the power to do better.</strong> They must identify and publish what greenhouse gas emissions they’re creating – and must not buy from companies that produce unnecessary emissions and ruin local livelihoods. Here’s some <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/standing-sidelines" rel="nofollow">more info on the Indonesia and Liberia cases</a></strong>.</p> <h3>4) Help the players</h3> <p>Progress is possible: some of the companies on Oxfam’s Behind the Brands scorecard, have partnerships with the World Food Programme to improve food production. While they’ve made great progress in certain areas, they can do more to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.</p> <p>But General Mills and Kellogg just don't seem to care that they're among the worst out of the big 10 food and beverage companies for emissions. They lack strong plans to be more sustainable, and farmers around the world suffer as a result. By changing their ways, and advocating for other companies to do the same, they could help to make the whole food and beverage industry more sustainable by reducing emissions and in the way they drive hunger.</p> <h3>5) It's all about the winning goal</h3> <p>Creating controversy in and around games is Mourinho’s speciality. But there’s no referee here, and time is of the essence. Climate change is stopping people from growing food in Liberia right now, and a company linked to Kellogg and General Mills is about to make it worse by chopping down even more trees.</p> <p>We need as many people as possible to<strong> <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/actnow" rel="nofollow">send a clear message to these companies</a> </strong>that they’ve got to <strong>stop feeding climate change</strong>. Together, Oxfam supporters got Coca-Cola and PepsiCo to commit to zero tolerance for land grabs among companies growing their ingredients. Now we need to tell Kellogg and General Mills to clean up their act - we can get them to change too. The more voices, the better. Which means we need you and Jose to join us.</p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/campaign-news/fed-up-with-climate-change-making-people-hungry,-q-,-take-action" rel="nofollow">Join the campaign – tell Kellogg and General Mills to stop feeding climate change</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>The golden goal of a lifetime: 5 step plan for Jose Mourinho to help beat hunger</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-06-20-jose-mourinho-y-el-gol-de-oro-de-su-vida" title="Jose Mourinho y el gol de oro de su vida" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-06-19-jose-mourinho-but-or" title="José Mourinho : le but en or de sa vie" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Sat, 21 Jun 2014 08:45:42 +0000 Al Kinley 10702 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-21-jose-mourinho-golden-goal-5-steps-beat-hunger#comments Infografía: El ABC de las crisis alimentarias http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10697 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>¿Alguna vez te has preguntado qué significa exactamente "inseguridad alimentaria"? Si es así, esta infografía te puede ser muy útil.</strong></p> <p>Hace poco, un amigo mío casi se mete en un lío con el Gobierno de los Estados Unidos. Al volver a casa tras unos meses trabajando en el ámbito humanitario en un país de Oriente Próximo, los funcionarios de inmigración del aeropuerto no pararon de hacerle preguntas sobre su trabajo.</p> <p>"Fue muy raro", me contó. "Por algún motivo, creían que era un guardia de seguridad armado. Hasta me preguntaron si llevaba pistola".</p> <p>"¿Por qué?", le pregunté. "Si tu trabajo consiste en garantizar que las familias no pasen hambre".</p> <p>"No lo sé", me contestó desconcertado. "Les dije que era especialista en seguridad alimentaria".</p> <p>Entonces lo vimos claro. Los funcionarios de inmigración oyeron la palabra "seguridad" y asumieron que significaba algo totalmente distinto. Y por confusiones como estas, desde Oxfam hemos creado esta infografía. Queremos explicar qué significan términos como "seguridad alimentaria" o "crisis alimentaria y de los medios de vida aguda": expresiones muy utilizadas por especialistas en el tema pero que pueden resultar un poco confusas para el resto.</p> <p>Por ejemplo,<strong> "seguridad alimentaria"</strong> no tiene nada que ver con vigilar la comida sino que se refiere a "cuando todas las personas tienen en todo momento acceso a suficientes alimentos nutritivos para satisfacer sus necesidades alimenticias a fin de llevar una vida activa y sana". Por el contrario, <strong>"inseguridad alimentaria"</strong> es "cuando las personas tienen dificultades para satisfacer sus necesidades básicas", por ejemplo, tienen problemas para conseguir suficiente agua potable o comer alimentos que les aporten una cantidad de calorías adecuada. A partir de ahí, la gravedad de una crisis alimentaria puede aumentar. En su punto más álgido se considera "hambruna".</p> <p>No se trata de conceptos abstractos. Aparecen en los titulares todos los días. Pongamos como ejemplo Sudán del Sur, donde el conflicto que comenzó a mediados de diciembre del pasado año ha obligado a más de un millón de personas a huir de sus casas. Como resultado, ahora mismo siete millones de personas están en riego de padecer inseguridad alimentaria. Se estima que para el mes de junio 1,25 millones de niños y niñas menores de 5 años necesitarán asistencia alimentaria. Desde <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/emergencies/crisis-sudandelsur" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Oxfam estamos dando respuesta a esta crisis</a></strong> proporcionando agua limpia, saneamiento, alimentos, dinero en efectivo y otros artículos básicos.</p> <p><strong>Cuando se trata de la lacra del hambre, comprender qué ocurre ya es una medida importante.</strong> Si sabemos con exactitud qué significa "inseguridad alimentaria" para las personas que la padecen, sentiremos una mayor necesidad de colaborar. Un concepto abstracto se materializa. Y eso es muy importante.</p> <p>Así que échale un vistazo a la infografía, cuéntanos qué opinas y ayúdanos a difundirlo.</p> <p></p> <p><em><a href="http://www.oxfamamerica.org/hunger" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Publicado originalmente por <strong>Oxfam America</strong>.</a></em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Infografía: El ABC de las crisis alimentarias</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-06-03-insecurite-alimentaire-urgence-famine-infographie" title="Insécurité alimentaire, urgence, famine... Une infographie pour comprendre la réalité derrière ces termes" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_en last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-05-infographic-vocabulary-hunger-crises-explained" title="Infographic: The vocabulary of hunger crises, explained" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Thu, 19 Jun 2014 11:19:41 +0000 Anna Kramer 10697 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10697#comments Infographic: The vocabulary of hunger crises, explained http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-05-infographic-vocabulary-hunger-crises-explained <div class="field field-name-body"><h3>Ever wonder what words like “food insecurity” actually mean? This infographic can help.</h3> <p>Recently, a friend of mine almost got into trouble with the US government. As he returned home from a few months of humanitarian work in a Middle Eastern country, the immigration officers at the airport kept questioning him about his job.</p> <p>“It was strange,” he told me. “For some reason, they thought I was some kind of armed guard. They even asked if I carried a gun.”</p> <p>“Why?” I asked. “After all, your job was to make sure families weren’t going hungry.”</p> <p>“I don’t know,” he said, puzzled. “I told them I specialized in food security.”</p> <p>That’s when the light dawned—the immigration officers had heard the word “security” and assumed it meant something completely different. And it’s exactly because of misperceptions like this that Oxfam created this infographic, below. We wanted to unpack terms like “food security” and “acute food and livelihood crisis”: words that are much-used by experts in the field, yet little understood by the rest of us.</p> <p><strong>Food security</strong>, for example, has nothing to do with guarding food. Instead, it refers to the condition “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to meet their dietary needs for an active and healthy life.” <strong>Food insecurity </strong>means people have trouble maintaining their basic needs, such as getting enough drinking water or eating an adequate amount of calories. The scale of a hunger crisis increases in severity from there: at its worst, it’s called a famine.</p> <p>These concepts aren’t abstract. They are today’s headlines. Take South Sudan, where violence that erupted in mid-December 2013 has sent more than a million people fleeing for their lives. As a result, 7 million people are at risk of food insecurity right now. And an estimated 1.25 million children under the age of five will need immediate nutrition services by June. <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/crisis-south-sudan" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam is responding to the crisis in South Sudan</strong></a> by providing clean water, safe sanitation, food, cash, and other essentials.</p> <p><strong>When it comes to hunger, understanding is action.</strong> If we actually know what “food insecurity” means for people living through it, we feel more motivated to help. The abstract becomes real. And that’s important.</p> <p>So take a look at the graphic, let us know what you think, and help spread the word.</p> <p><img alt="Infographic: What is food security" title="Infographic: What is food security" height="4674" width="1920" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/food-security-fullsize.png" /></p> <p><em>Originally posted by <a href="http://www.oxfamamerica.org/hunger" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam America</strong>,</a> June 2014</em>.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://www.pinterest.com/oxfaminternatl/grow-food-life-planet/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>More food and related climate images and graphics to share</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/content/stop-climate-change-making-people-hungry" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Stop climate change making people hungry</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Infographic: The vocabulary of hunger crises, explained</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-06-03-insecurite-alimentaire-urgence-famine-infographie" title="Insécurité alimentaire, urgence, famine... Une infographie pour comprendre la réalité derrière ces termes" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-06-13-infografia-el-abc-de-las-crisis-alimentarias" title="Infografía: El ABC de las crisis alimentarias" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Thu, 05 Jun 2014 02:27:45 +0000 Anna Kramer 10723 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-05-infographic-vocabulary-hunger-crises-explained#comments Insécurité alimentaire, urgence, famine... Une infographie pour comprendre la réalité derrière ces termes http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10682 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Si vous vous êtes déjà demandé ce que le terme « insécurité alimentaire » signifie concrètement, voici une infographie qui répondra à vos interrogations.</strong></p> <p>Un ami a dernièrement failli avoir maille à partir avec le gouvernement américain. De retour du Moyen-Orient où il avait travaillé plusieurs mois dans le cadre d’une intervention humanitaire, les services de l’immigration, à l’aéroport, l’ont longuement interrogé sur son activité professionnelle.« C’était vraiment étrange, m’a-t-il raconté. Pour une raison que j’ignore, ils me prenaient pour quelque garde armé. Il m’ont même demandé mon arme.</p> <p>– Mais pourquoi donc ?, me suis-je étonnée. Ton travail consiste à veiller à ce que les familles vulnérables puissent manger à leur faim.</p> <p>– Je ne sais pas, répondit-il perplexe. Je leur ai juste dit que je suis un spécialiste de la sécurité alimentaire. »</p> <p>C’est alors que le franc est tombé. Au mot « sécurité », les agents de l’immigration s’étaient imaginé tout autre chose. Pour en finir avec de telles idées fausses, Oxfam a créé l’infographie ci-dessous. Nous avons voulu décrypter des termes, comme « sécurité alimentaire » et « crise alimentaire aiguë », que les experts utilisent couramment sur le terrain, mais que nous, les profanes, ne comprenons pas toujours bien.</p> <p>La sécurité alimentaire, par exemple, n’a rien à voir avec la sûreté des entrepôts alimentaires. Elle désigne plutôt une « situation d’accès stable à une nourriture suffisante, saine et nutritive permettant à chacun-e de satisfaire ses besoins alimentaires pour mener une vie saine et active ». En revanche, en situation d’insécurité alimentaire, la population a des difficultés pour satisfaire ses besoins essentiels, tels qu’un accès adéquat à l’eau potable ou un apport calorique suffisant. Puis on distingue plusieurs degrés de gravité des crises alimentaires, le plus élevé étant l’état de famine.</p> <p><strong>Loin d’être des notions abstraites, ces termes font l’actualité.</strong> Prenez le Soudan du Sud, par exemple. Les violences qui ont éclaté dans le pays en décembre 2013 ont jeté sur les routes plus d’un million d’habitant-e-s. Sept millions de personnes se retrouvent, à cette heure, exposées au risque d’insécurité alimentaire. On estime en outre que 1,25 million d’enfants de moins de cinq ans auront besoin d’une aide nutritionnelle d’urgence. Face à cette crise, <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/emergencies/crise-sud-soudan" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Oxfam assure un approvisionnement en eau potable, fournit des équipements d’assainissement et distribue des denrées alimentaires et de l’argent liquide, entre autres biens essentiels.</a></strong> S’agissant de la faim dans le monde, l’action commence par la connaissance. Si l’on comprend ce que signifie l’insécurité alimentaire pour les populations touchées, la motivation est plus grande d’aider. L’abstrait prend corps. C’est important.</p> <p><strong>Alors découvrez cette infographie, dites-nous ce que vous en pensez et passez le mot.</strong></p> <p><a href="/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/food security infographic OI version-FR-2.pdf" rel="nofollow"></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Insécurité alimentaire, urgence, famine... Une infographie pour comprendre la réalité derrière ces termes</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-06-13-infografia-el-abc-de-las-crisis-alimentarias" title="Infografía: El ABC de las crisis alimentarias" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_en last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-06-05-infographic-vocabulary-hunger-crises-explained" title="Infographic: The vocabulary of hunger crises, explained" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Tue, 03 Jun 2014 07:40:52 +0000 Anna Kramer 10682 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/10682#comments