Oxfam International Blogs - farmers http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/farmers en A global fight for community rights: Securing indigenous and community land rights at scale http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-05-11-global-fight-community-rights-securing-indigenous-and-community-land-rights-scale <div class="field field-name-body"><p>The widespread lack of indigenous and community land rights, has become a global crisis, directly affecting the lives and livelihoods of at least two billion people. It is therefore that activists and representatives of rights-holders, communities and indigenous peoples from all over the world are gathering at the <a href="http://www.globallandforum.org/">Global Land Forum</a> in Dakar, Senegal (12-16 May) to address the need to secure indigenous and community land rights.</p> <p><strong>Although indigenous and community land rights</strong> are increasingly being recognized globally, governments fail to deliver on their commitments in protecting those rights. At the same time pressure on community lands is rising, whilst judicial systems lack in providing the necessary security. Today the ownership of roughly half of the rural forest and dry land areas of Africa, Asia and Latin America is contested, placing the lives and livelihoods of at least two billion people at risk. In the last decade alone this tenure insecurity has resulted in the acquisition of more than 81 million acres of land worldwide – an area the size of Portugal - with unspeakable consequences for many rural and forest dwellers.</p> <p>Those consequences derive from the problem, as Samuel Nguiffo (Director, Center for Environment and Development, Cameroon) states, that "economic development too often consists of large-scale projects that take away property and community land, leaving farmers with little compensation. Their governments - often the ones who sold the land - either look the other way or play the role of enforcer. If the communities are compensated, it is hardly adequate, and the few resulting jobs do not pay enough to make up for the permanent loss of livelihood and way of life." This leaves many dwellers in great despair. It is, therefore, not exaggerated to state that the widespread and enduring lack of clarity and recognition of indigenous and community land and resource rights have become a global crisis. No development agenda can be taken serious without addressing this global tenure crisis.</p> <p>Moreover, the global development agenda can also benefit from closely involving indigenous peoples and communities. According to the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, <a href="http://unsr.vtaulicorpuz.org/site/">Victoria Tauli-Corpuz</a>: "Taking Indigenous knowledge and traditional technology into account internationally could contribute to solving many of the world’s major crises in relation to the environment and climate change, and ultimately bring sustainable development."</p> <p><strong>The importance of scaling-up efforts in securing indigenous and community land rights</strong> is increasingly being recognized. In May land experts and activists from all over the world will gather at the ILC’s Global Land Forum in Dakar, Senegal (12-16 May) to address the centrality of land and natural resource rights to our vision of building a better world in the post-2015 era. During this week a variety of topics will be discussed: securing indigenous and community land and resource rights will feature high on the Forum’s agenda.</p> <p>The discussions will be centered around the <a href="http://www.communitylandrights.org/">Global Call to Action on Indigenous and Community Land Rights</a>. The Global Call aims to serve as a mechanism for facilitating greater collaboration and coordinating collective action on Indigenous People’s and local communities’ land rights around the world, with the ultimate goal to double the area of land recognized as owned or controlled by indigenous peoples and local communities by 2020.</p> <p><em>This entry posted by Stefan Verwer, Oxfam Campaigner on Community and Indigenous Land Rights, @stefanverwer, on 11 May 2015. The blog was co-written with Maarten van Bijnen, @MaartenvBijnen.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Indigenous farmers in Cambodia. Credit: Oxfam</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p>Join the debate at the <a href="http://www.globallandforum.org/">Global Land Forum</a> and join in the Global Call to Action in order to help our unified voice ring out!</p> <p>Watch the video from the Global Call to Action on Land Rights kickoff event:</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/Iu0UFeGe5pI?rel=0" frameborder="0" height="360" width="100%"></iframe></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-04-20-are-sustainable-development-goals-matching-international-standards-land-rights">Are the Sustainable Development Goals matching international standards on land rights?</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Download the report: <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/secure-and-equitable-land-rights-post-2015-agenda-key-issue-future-we-want">Secure and equitable land rights in the Post-2015 Agenda: A key issue in the future we want</a></strong></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>A global fight for community rights: Securing indigenous and community land rights at scale</h2></div> Mon, 11 May 2015 15:52:21 +0000 Guest Blogger 26663 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-05-11-global-fight-community-rights-securing-indigenous-and-community-land-rights-scale#comments Battle of the Brands: The Annual Scorecard Update http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-31-battle-brands-annual-scorecard-update <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>That’s right, it’s that time of year again —the Battle of the Brands.</strong></p> <p>Twice a year, Oxfam takes a look at publically available information on the agricultural sourcing policies of the top ten food and beverage companies. These are the same companies that make a large portion of <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/14931276759/">what you buy everyday</a>. We assess how well the top 10 Food &amp; Beverage companies are performing on our <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/issues?utm_source=OI&amp;utm_medium=Blog&amp;utm_campaign=btb-scorecard-march2015">7 themes</a>: Transparency, Women, Workers, Farmers, Land, Water, and Climate.  </p> <p>Some companies have been floating like butterflies while others have been stinging like bees. Want to see how your favorite brands did? Check out the slideshow* below.</p> <p><em>*Slideshow compares improvements from October 2014 to March 2015. Companies have been battling their rivals directly above them in the scorecard in an attempt to move up the rankings.</em></p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" marginheight="0" marginwidth="0" scrolling="no" src="https://www.slideshare.net/slideshow/embed_code/46363363" style="border:1px solid #CCC; border-width:1px; margin-bottom:5px; max-width: 100%;" frameborder="0" height="460" width="100%"></iframe></p> <p><strong>This battle has led to new rankings and new scores</strong>. Check out in more detail how their scores have improved in <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/company-scorecard?utm_source=OI%20Site&amp;utm_medium=Blog&amp;utm_campaign=BtB%20Scorecard ">our latest scorecard</a>.</p> <p><img src="/sites/default/files/oxfam-behind-the-brands-scorecard-march2015-2048.jpg" alt="Behind the Brands Scorecard March 2015" style="width:100%" /></p> <p><strong>We have a clear champion in this battle, but who will win the title?</strong></p> <p>It’s exciting to watch these heavyweights battle for the number one spot, however it is clear that there is still a lot of work to be done. One area that seems to be a major weak spot for the majority of the 10 companies is the lack of investment and support to farmers in their supply chain, with half of the Big 10 barely scoring a 2/10 on the farmers theme. That combined with growing climate change impacts affects not only the farmers, but the companies themselves. It’s a lose/lose situation as it stands now.  </p> <p>And while the majority of top ten Food &amp; Beverage companies have committed to improvements around gender, climate land and others<strong> the challenge is following through and showing real change on the ground</strong>. We need to see action - for people and the planet. Together, we can keep the pressure on these companies to move them from policy to practice.</p> <p><em>This entry posted by Sophia Lafontant (<a href="http://twitter.com/SophiaLafontant">@SophiaLafontant</a>), Oxfam Behind the Brands Public Campaign Lead, and Laura Fukumoto, Oxfam Digital Campaigner, on 31 March 2015.</em></p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/XvI0a0UrTig?rel=0" frameborder="0" height="460" width="100%"></iframe></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><strong>Your favorite food brands care what you think! <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/issues?utm_source=OI&amp;utm_medium=Blog&amp;utm_campaign=btb-scorecard-march2015">Show them that you’re passionate about supporting farmers and the planet!</a></strong></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-10-09-behind-brands-race-top-continues">Behind the Brands: the race for the top continues</a> </strong>(our October 2014 Scorecard update)</p> <p><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-03-08-celebrating-female-climate-change-fighters"><strong>Celebrating female climate change fighters</strong></a></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Battle of the Brands: The Annual Scorecard Update</h2></div> Tue, 31 Mar 2015 12:10:06 +0000 Guest Blogger 26066 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-03-31-battle-brands-annual-scorecard-update#comments Support for women farmers could help us beat hunger http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-10-15-support-women-farmers-could-help-us-beat-hunger <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Across South Asia and Southeast Asia, millions of small family farms are the bedrock of national food security. But the pressure on these farmers is increasing. Population growth is not slowing, demand for land for development is accelerating, and agricultural productivity seems to be reaching a plateau.</strong></p> <p>When we talk to farmers, they tell us about changes they’re seeing in the <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/campaigns/food-and-climate-justice" rel="nofollow"><strong>climate</strong></a>. Planting season rains are erratic and drought is more common. In 2010, the Mekong River charted its lowest level in two decades; 60 million people living along the river were affected. Vietnam, one of the world’s largest rice producers, is in danger of losing huge swathes of productive land due to rising sea levels.</p> <p><strong>Family farms provide up to 80 per cent of the food supply</strong> in Asia and sub-Saharan African. Supporting these small-scale producers to reach their full potential is one of the simplest strategies that could <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow" rel="nofollow"><strong>transform our global food system</strong></a>.</p> <p>Rural women are these small-scale producers.</p> <p><strong>Today, to mark the <a href="http://www.un.org/en/events/ruralwomenday/" rel="nofollow">International Day of Rural Women</a></strong>, the time for steadfast political commitment to help rural women has arrived. Government programs must re-orient themselves. They have a key role in encouraging women farmers and marketing collectives. Women must be the focus when they roll out agricultural support programs that can bolster crop yields, overcome transportation challenges, and deliver timely market pricing information. The payback is clear – giving women access to the same productive resources as men could reduce the number of hungry people in the world by 100 to 150 million people.</p> <h3>What governments can do</h3> <p>In the <strong>Philippines and Indonesia</strong>, we need to see land reform and protection for poor people’s rights to stay on their land. In <strong>Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Thailand</strong>, irrigation facilities are desperately needed. In fact, financial investment in agro-ecological, climate-resilient sustainable agriculture support for small farms is in short supply.</p> <p>On a recent visit to <strong>India</strong>, I learned how recent extreme weather events, such as tropical cyclones, droughts and heavy rains, are having a devastating effect on farm production. Soaring prices across India are forcing Indian families to eat less food or less nutritious food and to cut back on health care, education, and other necessities. Very few women own the land they work on. It’s rare for them to participate in government training programs.</p> <p>As South and Southeast Asian countries develop,<strong> literacy and medical advancements are improving women’s lives.</strong> Could the governments of South and Southeast Asia work together to roll out comprehensive regional plans that have a similar transformational effect for women farmers?</p> <h3>The vital work of rural women</h3> <p>Oxfam is part of a global movement for social justice. In our programs, we see those with the least power, being pushed to the limits of subsistence. We must help small farmholders <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/transformative-leadership-womens-rights-oxfam-guide" rel="nofollow"><strong>claim their rights</strong></a>. And the vital work of rural women must be acknowledged and valued.</p> <p><strong>Today I thank rural mothers, daughters and grandmothers for producing the food we eat, and I salute those who are the leaders in farming communities all over the world.</strong></p> <h3>What you can do</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/give-el-salvadors-families-right-good-food" rel="nofollow">Push the Government of El Salvador to guarantee the Right to Food</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/node/5266" rel="nofollow">Help stop climate change making people hungry</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Download the new Oxfam discussion paper: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/oxfam-dp-the-right-to-adequate-food-20141014.pdf" rel="nofollow">The Right to Adequate Food: Progress, Challenges, Opportunities</a></strong></p> - See more at: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-10-14-spotlight-right-food-10-years-voluntary-guidelines#sthash.SlxBOT1s.dpuf">http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-10-14-spotlight-right-food-10-years-v...</a></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Support for women farmers could help us beat hunger</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-10-14-el-apoyo-las-mujeres-agricultoras-es-clave-para-acabar-con-el-hambre" title="El apoyo a las mujeres agricultoras es clave para acabar con el hambre" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-10-15-soutenir-les-femmes-agricultrices-pourrait-nous-permettre-de-vaincre-la-faim-dans-le" title="Soutenir les femmes agricultrices pourrait nous permettre de vaincre la faim dans le monde" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 15 Oct 2014 05:07:25 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 22009 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-10-15-support-women-farmers-could-help-us-beat-hunger#comments Cultivating Food Security for the people of El Salvador http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-10-14-cultivating-food-security-people-el-salvador <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Food. It’s one of life’s great pleasures. We think about it all the time. Most of us eat food at least three times a day. </strong>Some of us take photos of food and upload them to social media. But in El Salvador those who grow over 80% of the food consumed in the country are those most likely to suffer from hunger. What’s more, the rates of undernourishment and malnutrition are alarming.</p> <p>How can a nation not worry about its citizens’ Right to Food? That's the question those of us who dream of a future where all people can cultivate food, and enjoy it, are asking.</p> <p><strong>According to official figures, chronic malnutrition affects 1 in 5 children under five-years-old in El Salvador.</strong> The scenario is worse in the provinces of Morazán, Ahuachapán and Sonsonate where 2 in 5 children go to bed malnourished.</p> <p><strong>Paradoxically, in recent years the numbers of overweight and obese children have quadrupled.</strong> Both problems have the same root: farming families in the countryside do not have the necessary resources to produce enough good food. Food is getting more expensive. El Salvador is prone to flooding which has got worse due to climate change. Families in rural and urban areas are more impoverished. And our traditional diet has changed.</p> <p>So we need Salvadoran authorities to protect, promote and guarantee the people’s right to have enough, quality food at all times. And the legislators can make that happen. The Legislative Assembly can change the history of El Salvador with a simple but powerful action: Approve the law for Food Sovereignty, Security and Nutrition in El Salvador.</p> <h3><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/give-el-salvadors-families-right-good-food" rel="nofollow">Sign the petition to give El Salvador's families the right to good food</a></h3> <p>We’re aiming to collect 50,000 signatures in support of the law from people just like you. These signatures will then be presented to the legislators on World Food Day, October 16.</p> <p><strong>It's simple: Without good nutrition, human developement is not possible.</strong></p> <p>Without this law, there will be nothing to guarantee the demand for good food and nutrition. <strong>Without your support, there will be no law.</strong> The legislators do not want to act, and <strong>we need your pressure!</strong></p> <p>2014 is the UN International Year of Family Farming Internationally and the UN climate talks will also be held in our region, in Peru.</p> <p>So now, is a crucial time to highlight the threat of climate change and to ensure the right to appropriate food for all people, especially the most vulnerable.</p> <h3><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/give-el-salvadors-families-right-good-food" rel="nofollow">What you can do</a></h3> <p>You can also find us on Facebook <a href="https://es-es.facebook.com/pages/Mesa-por-la-Soberan%C3%ADa-Alimentaria/156019457895164" rel="nofollow"><strong>Mesa de soberanía alimentaria</strong></a> page and twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/@MsobAlimentaria" rel="nofollow"><strong>@MsobAlimentaria</strong></a> and <a href="https://twitter.com/@oxfam" rel="nofollow"><strong>@Oxfam</strong></a>, or just search for <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/leysoberaniaalimentariaes" rel="nofollow"><strong>#LeySoberaniaAlimentariaES</strong></a> and <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/GROW2014" rel="nofollow">#GROW2014</a></strong>.</p> <p>And check out this great <strong>animation video <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M4SKJa39YWk&amp;feature=youtu.be" rel="nofollow">Petición ley soberanía alimentaria</a></strong> (available in Spanish).</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Cultivating Food Security for the people of El Salvador</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-10-14-cultivemos-soberan%C3%ADa-alimentaria-en-el-salvador" title="Cultivemos Soberanía Alimentaria en El Salvador" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-10-14-cultivons-la-s%C3%A9curit%C3%A9-alimentaire-pour-la-population-du-salvador" title="Cultivons la sécurité alimentaire pour la population du Salvador" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Tue, 14 Oct 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Ana Iris Martinez Diaz 22174 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-10-14-cultivating-food-security-people-el-salvador#comments "The Aldi price": It’s time to peel the banana scandal http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-09-29-aldi-price-it%E2%80%99s-time-peel-banana-scandal <div class="field field-name-body"><p>German supermarket chains, when compared with others across Europe, are among the most powerful in terms of price cutting. Take the banana. In Germany, a banana costs on average 30% less than in France or Italy. And it is discount retailers that lead the way, like Aldi and Lidl. It was once that multinational fruit companies such as Dole and Chiquita would determine the price, but now the industry takes its cue from the so- called “Aldi price”.</p> <h3>Low prices lead to low living standards</h3> <p>This low wholesale price leaves little leeway for positive social development in banana producing countries, such as Ecuador and Colombia. On the contrary, the pricing policy serves only to reinforce the conditions that have traditionally prevailed in the banana industry: exploitation and human rights violations. </p> <p><strong>German supermarket chains are only partly responsible for substantially undercutting the legal minimum price for bananas in Ecuador</strong>, which has dire consequences for small agricultural producers and plantation workers. In Columbia, where there is no legal minimum price for bananas, pricing pressure leads to the deterioration of social and labour law standards. This is all according to a new report based on a study commissioned by Oxfam and carried out by the French research institution BASIC as well as on interviews with experts from Germany and from the banana-producing countries.</p> <p>In addition to these consequences, retail and import prices have fallen in recent years while production costs, living costs and transport costs have risen considerably in banana producing countries. As a result, around <strong>three-quarters of banana plantation workers in Ecuador receive an income below the poverty line</strong>, and thousands of small agricultural producers have lost their livelihoods. </p> <p><strong>In Ecuador, around 220,000 families depend on banana production. </strong>56 percent of producers are small farmers with less than ten hectares of land. These producers are hit particularly hard by the price war and rely on making a profit above and beyond breaking even in order to cover the basic cost of living. For this reason, the Ecuadorian government has introduced a legal minimum price for bananas, currently $6.22 per 43 lb box. </p> <p>However, several experts say that <strong>wholesale buyers do not comply with this regulation</strong>, instead invoicing the minimum price and transferring the money only once they have received a cheque for the difference between the negotiated price and the minimum price. According to the producers and sales representatives, the buyers from German supermarket chains play a significant role in this process. This was proven by the calculations done by BASIC based on official data, according to which the real producer price of Ecuadorian bananas for the German market has, on an annual average, lain below the legal minimum price since 2008. </p> <p>In response to questioning by Oxfam, <strong>the large supermarket chains claimed to bear no responsibility for the situation.</strong> Either they claimed that their suppliers adhered to the minimum price (Rewe, Aldi Nord, Aldi Süd), or they did not comment on the criticised practice directly (Edeka, Metro, Lidl). Large importers such as Dürbeck also denied playing a role in the avoidance of the legal minimum price in Ecuador. The findings of this report allow us to draw no other conclusion than that the vast majority of bananas shipped to Germany are purchased at less than the official minimum price. </p> <h3>What must be done in order to put a stop to this practice? </h3> <p><strong>German supermarkets must guarantee a living wage for banana producers</strong> and plantation workers in their supply chains all year round. In particular, they must ensure that the official minimum price is paid in Ecuador.</p> <p><strong>The German government must restrict the supermarkets’ market power</strong>, curb unfair buying practices and help strengthen the small agricultural producers and the labour rights of the workers in the supply chain.</p> <p><strong>Consumers and citizens can also make a contribution</strong> by demanding that supermarkets ensure fair pricing and production conditions.</p> <p><em>Read more on Oxfam Germany's website:</em> <a href="http://www.oxfam.de/news/140924-preiskampf-bananen-deutsche-discounter-bedrohen-existenzen-anbaulaendern" rel="nofollow"><strong>Preiskampf um Bananen: Deutsche Discounter bedrohen Existenzen in Anbauländern</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>&quot;The Aldi price&quot;: It’s time to peel the banana scandal</h2></div> Mon, 29 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Frank Brassel 19124 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-09-29-aldi-price-it%E2%80%99s-time-peel-banana-scandal#comments Maputo 10: Listening to the voices of African farmers and pastoralists! http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-10-maputo-10-listening-voices-african-farmers <div class="field field-name-body"><p>In 2003, the African leaders signed the Maputo declaration promising to spend at least 10% of their national budget on agriculture. 10 years later, where are their promises? African artists <em>(<strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/about/ambassadors/baaba-maal" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Baaba Maal</a></strong>, Oxfam Ambassador, <strong><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2face_Idibia" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">2Face Idibia</a></strong>, <strong><a href="http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daara_J" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Daara J Family</a></strong>, <strong><a href="http://lamiphillips.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Lami Philips</a></strong>, <strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/smartyofficiel" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Smarty</a></strong>, <strong><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_Sultan" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Sound Sultan</a></strong>, <strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/danny.lee.officiel" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Danny Lee</a></strong> and <strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/pages/Cee-pee/402349139849723" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Ceepee</a></strong>) have recorded</em> a song calling on the African Heads of States to keep their promises.</p> <p> </p> <p>They have also signed a letter addressed to the African leaders:</p> <p><strong>Nelson Mandela once said that the message of artists is more important than that of politicians, because it goes to people’s hearts, in their offices, kitchens and supermarkets.</strong></p> <p>In our song “Where is our 10%?), we – that is, Baaba Maal, 2Face Idibia, Daara J Family , Lami Philips, Smarty, Sound Sultan, Danny Lee and Ceepee – have come to convey the message of African farmers and pastoralists. Our wish is that this song will call upon and move the authorities in our countries to take measures NOW to honor the commitments made at Maputo 10 years ago to invest at least 10% of the national budget in agriculture.</p> <p>Ten years later, the reality is bitter! Only 8 African countries (Burkina Faso, Niger, Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Malawi, Ghana and Ethiopia) out of 57 have kept this promise.</p> <p>In 2003, <strong>African farmers received with much enthusiasm and hope</strong>, the declaration made by our heads of state to support agriculture and livestock raising by investing in these priority sectors. The stakes were high: supporting our family farms to help them produce more and thus live better, but also to allow us to eat better, without risk of food shortages or crises. And yet, hunger continues to affect 239 million  people on our continent every year – reducing it should be a priority.</p> <p>Investing in family farms also means combating poverty. <strong>In West Africa, small farmers make up more than half of the working population.</strong> Unfortunately, these farmers, pastoralists and fisherfolk – those who feed us – are the most affected by poverty, the effects of climate change, soaring prices, etc. </p> <p>Eighty per cent of people living in hunger are farmers. This is unacceptable.</p> <h3>To help them escape poverty is to offer them a future!</h3> <p>As artists, throughout our careers, we have all committed ourselves to defending our people, our land, our earth… We all have relatives who are farmers, but now, instead of them providing for us, we must support them! <strong>If our earth no longer feeds our parents, what are we leaving for our children?</strong> </p> <p>The voices of local farmers and pastoralists must be heard by our leaders so that in 2014 the portion of the national budgets allocated to agriculture will increase and directly benefit small family farms.</p> <p>We respectfully call upon our African leaders to fulfil their commitment and invest more and better in family farming to offer a better future to the generations to come!</p> <p>Signed:</p> <p><em>Baaba Maal (Senegal)2 Face Idibia (Nigeria)Smarty (Burkina Faso)Lami Phillips (Nigeria)Daara J Family (Senegal)Sound Sultan (Nigeria)</em><em>Danny Lee (Niger)Ceepee (Mauritania)</em></p> <p></p> <h3>Maputo 10 on social media</h3> <ul><li>Twitter: <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/@taclonslafaim" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@taclonslafaim</a></strong> and <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/oxfam" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@oxfam</a></strong>, hashtag <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23grow" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">#GROW</a></strong></li> <li>Facebook: <strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/pages/Lets-Tackle-Hunger/169929129780033" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Let’s Tackle hunger</a></strong></li> <li>Websites: <strong><a href="http://maputo10.ipar.sn/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">http://maputo10.ipar.sn/</a></strong> and <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/GROW" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">www.oxfam.org/GROW</a></strong></li> </ul><h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/ambassadors/baaba-maal" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Baaba Maal, Oxfam Global Ambassador</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/issues/small-scale-farming" rel="nofollow">Why Oxfam works to help small farmers</a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Maputo 10: Listening to the voices of African farmers and pastoralists!</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-10-10-ecouter-voix-paysans-eleveurs-africains" title="Maputo 10 : écoutez la voix des paysans et des éleveurs africains ! " class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Thu, 10 Oct 2013 14:00:00 +0000 Fatime Kiné Diop 10587 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-10-maputo-10-listening-voices-african-farmers#comments Coke, Pepsi and ABF: make sure your sugar doesn’t lead to land grabs http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-02-coke-pepsi-abf-make-sure-your-sugar-doesnt-lead-land-grabs <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Too often, the sugar in your favorite food and drinks is sourced by kicking farmers and their families off their land. </strong>This leaves people homeless and hungry.<strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>But you can change this. </strong>Tell Coca-Cola, PepsiCo and Associated British Foods (ABF) to make sure their sugar doesn’t lead to land grabs.</p> <h3>The truth behind sugar: anything but sweet</h3> <p>As global demand for sugar increases, so does the rush for land to grow it. Oxfam has found that, in countries like Brazil and Cambodia, companies that supply sugar to Coke, Pepsi, and other food and beverage giants are kicking poor farmers off their land and robbing them of their rights. Elsewhere, ABF – the biggest sugar producer in Africa – is reported as linked to a range of other unresolved land disputes.</p> <p><strong>Edilza Duarte, 24</strong>, (above) is a Guaraní-Kaiowá mother of two, living in Ponta Porã, in Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil. Her community's land, Jatayvary, was taken from them 40 years ago. Now it's all covered in sugar cane.</p> <p>Where they used to hunt and fish and grow crops for centuries, there are now massive sugar cane farms. Edilza and her children now face hunger – they can’t hunt or fish as they used to – and serious health problems.</p> <p>"They spray the fields in two directions and when the wind blows, you feel like you are breathing in the poison. This is exactly how we feel. When it rains, the water flows down to the river where we bath and get drinking water. The poison spreads and people get sick. The children get sick with diarrhea and skin infections," Edilza tells us.</p> <p><strong>"They should stop doing this. They have damaged our lives enough.</strong> That's why we need our land back; so we can plant and eat. We want our land back."</p> <p>Land grabs like this are the sugar industries' bitter secret – and this is not just happening in Brazil. In countries like Cambodia, families are facing the same fight for their land.</p> <h3>The power of you</h3> <p><strong>But you have the power to help stop land grabs.</strong> More than 120,000 people around the world have already called on the world’s biggest food companies to change the way they do business. <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/company-scorecard" rel="nofollow">And it’s working</a></strong>. </p> <p><strong>And with the support of more than 50,000 people and Coldplay, we’ve already won <a href="/en/blogs/13-04-24-how-your-campaigning-helping-end-land-grabs" rel="nofollow">some important victories</a></strong> in the fight against landgrabs. Our campaigning pushed the World Bank to review its policies on land and commit to a new UN standard on land rights.</p> <p>Now it’s time for these three sugar giants to act first and fast.</p> <h3>Stop land grabs</h3> <p>To make sure that their sugar doesn’t lead to land grabs, Coke, Pepsi and ABF need to:</p> <ul><li><strong>Know how their sugar impacts communities’ access to land</strong>, and whether they and their suppliers are respecting land rights;</li> <li><strong>Show where the ingredients they use come from</strong> – and who grows them;</li> <li><strong>Act by committing to zero tolerance for land grabs</strong>, throughout their supply chains and their own operations. Work with governments and others to do the same.</li> </ul><p><strong>It’s time to put a stop to land grabs. <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org" rel="nofollow">Sign the petition now</a></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Want more info? Read the report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/sugar-rush" rel="nofollow">Sugar Rush: Land rights and the supply chains of the biggest food and beverage companies</a></em><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/sugar-rush" rel="nofollow"></a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Coke, Pepsi and ABF: make sure your sugar doesn’t lead to land grabs</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-10-02-coca-cola-pepsi-abf-sucre-accaparements-terres" title="Coca-Cola, Pepsi et ABF : assurez-vous que votre sucre n’entraîne pas d’accaparements de terres" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-10-02-coke-pepsi-y-abf-aseguraros-azucar-que-comprais-no-provoque-acaparamientos-tierra" title="Coca-Cola, Pepsi y ABF: aseguraos de que el azúcar que compráis no provoque acaparamientos de tierra" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 01 Oct 2013 23:00:01 +0000 Georgi York 10451 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-10-02-coke-pepsi-abf-make-sure-your-sugar-doesnt-lead-land-grabs#comments Day 7: Farmers do not come from Mars http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-12-18-day-7-farmers-do-not-come-mars <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em><strong>If poor farmers had more freedom to innovate and adequate access to public and private investments, they would likely disappoint us by getting out of farming altogether. But even if only one or two in five remained, they would change the world for the better, literally.</strong></em></p> <p><em>By Julio A. Berdegué, Principal Researcher,<strong><a href="http://www.rimisp.org/inicio/about_rimisp.php" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> Latin American Centre for Rural Development</a></strong> (RIMISP)</em></p> <p>Resource-poor farmers are not Martians. Like you and me they make decisions that are largely informed by their culture, their capabilities, and the set of incentives (positive and negative) they face. The question that Oxfam asked me to answer invites us to think about a world in which the capabilities of the farmers have been greatly expanded and the incentives they face have been redefined in ways favourable to them. </p> <p>Amartya Sen would say this is what development is all about, attaining “the freedoms of people to lead the kind of lives they have reason to value.” </p> <p>What would resource-poor famers do with that freedom to innovate? Probably we would see about 500 million different answers, one for every smallholder on the planet. We need to recognize that that is just fine, because very often those of us who look at poor farmers from afar, tend to have strong preconceptions of who we would like resource-poor farmers to be in a better world that we have built in our minds. </p> <h3><em>“What would resource-poor farmers do with the freedom to innovate? We would see about 500 million different answers, one for every smallholder on the planet.”</em></h3> <p>If these farmers had more freedom to innovate, many of them very likely would disappoint us, leading lives that they have reason to value and that are probably quite different from those that we, external observers, would like to see them valuing.</p> <p>To begin with, many of them would move to cities. If they really had a lot of freedom, some would even move to other countries. However, if before deciding to move they had adequate access to public and private sector investments in support of their innovations, if they moved for sure it would be because they would value that option, and not because poverty, hunger and social exclusion expel them from their birthplace. </p> <p>Others would remain where they’ve always lived, or nearby, but would gradually become only part-time farmers, or even get out of farming. They, or their children, would become traders, shopkeepers, artisans, professional singers... or doctors and engineers and, God save us, MBAs or politicians. With such diversity they would enrich the social, cultural and economic fabric of their villages and of the nearby towns and small cities. Richer, better rural societies would be the result.</p> <p>Finally, some would continue to be farmers. I believe that they would be a minority of the 500 million that we started with. And that is also perfectly fine. If they were capable of bringing their ideas to fruition because they have adequate access to public and private investments, even if only 100 or 200 million remained in farming, they would change the world for the better, literally. </p> <p>Think about it: As farmers, what would they seek to achieve through their innovations? Probably they would seek to produce more, and to do it in ways that allow them to become the preferred choice of the buyers of their products and, ultimately, of the consumers. I think that they would value innovations that put more cash in their pockets, so they can buy the goods and services that are part of the lives they have reason to value and that they cannot produce themselves or exchange with their neighbours. </p> <h3><em>“Farmers would value innovations that put more cash in their pockets.”</em></h3> <p>They also would probably like to work less, or better said, to ease the huge physical exertion that is today associated with the life of the resource-poor farmer; that would allow them to live fuller, more humane lives. And, finally, I believe they would also like to be far less dependent on the political masters that today use their control of varied resources to condition farmers’ choices as citizens. </p> <p>I am quite sure that almost all farmers would seek these four outcomes of innovation, because, after all, farmers are not Martians. </p> <p>Yes, you must be asking, what about natural resources? Well, I am not as certain that most resource-poor farmers would chose to use less water, or fewer pesticides, or adopt soil-conserving technologies, under the “What if...” conditions of almost unlimited freedom from constraints that is implied in Oxfam’s question. </p> <p>I would hope that many would, but I am not sure. You see, several of the four outcomes of innovation that I believe most farmers would seek if they had a chance and that I listed in the previous paragraph, in many circumstances are contradictory to conserving nature. Would they sacrifice income, or production, or less physical exertion, if it were necessary to avoid a negative impact on the environment?  I am not sure they all would.</p> <h3><em>“Would farmers sacrifice income, or production, or less physical exertion, if it were necessary to avoid a negative impact on the environment?”</em></h3> <p>How, then, could society incentivize resource conservation so it is aligned with farmers’ probable preferences? We return to the start of this note: I believe that smallholders’ decisions are largely informed by their culture, their capabilities, and the set of incentives (positive and negative) they face. Those are the three possible entry points for policies and programs that seek to incentivize and support resource-conserving livelihoods. </p> <p>But let me insist that smallholders make their living by using natural resources, and for them to use those resources in ways that are better for nature, they must be able to see the benefit of such a course of action; simple coercion does not work in the long run and, to start with, smallholders are already coerced enough by so many forces that they really do not need any more of that.</p> <p>A fundamental starting point is that society should secure the effective exercise of the most basic rights of smallholders as human beings, such as the right to food and to lead a healthy life, or the rights of women in smallholder households to make informed decisions by themselves and act upon them. This can only lead to a better relationship between smallholder communities and nature around them, because the expansion of such rights can remove or ease many of the reasons why smallholders may use natural resources in unsustainable ways.</p> <p>In second place, society can also improve the ways in which smallholders use natural resources by making available some goods and services that many of us take for granted but that many farmers lack in full or in part: roads and better access to cities, fairer and more transparent markets, enforcement of labour laws and regulations (many smallholder households depend in part on wage labour which in rural areas often happens under appalling conditions), access to credit, and so on. Such “public goods” dramatically expand the range of options that smallholders have, and often reduce the relative attractiveness of activities that deteriorate the environment.</p> <p>One “public good” that is often forgotten is political rights. Smallholders need to be able to exercise such rights if they are going to have the voice and power to control the access and use of natural resources that belong to them by law or by custom. If rural communities do not have a say in crafting and enforcing the rules that determine who uses those resources and how they are used, the end result most often will be misuse by those who may not have the right, but have the power. </p> <h3><em>“Smallholders deserve to be seen and treated as persons with equal rights, but also with duties and obligations.”</em></h3> <p>In addition, collective action through community- or resource-based or economic organizations is a particularly powerful tool because it can open ways of using resources that are completely blocked for individual and isolated smallholders.</p> <p>Access to an expanded range of forms of knowledge and to resource-conserving technologies can also be quite effective, as long as those technologies also make sense to smallholders from a cultural and economic point of view.</p> <p>However, I don’t believe that the above types of actions are enough, because smallholders do have an incentive to use resources in ways that maximize their short-term, private interests. Like you and me, smallholders love birds and trees and beautiful flowing rivers, but as you well know, when it comes to human beings such love is not enough to prevent us from hunting the bird, cutting the tree, or diverting the river if we can derive a benefit and we can get away with it. </p> <p>This brings us to my final message. Well-enforced laws and regulations that constrain certain innovations or that limit the use that can be made of resources are necessary. Smallholders deserve to be seen and treated as persons with equal rights, but also with duties and obligations. In the world of Oxfam’s “What ifs...”, smallholders are citizens, pure and simple. That is development.</p> <p>Download: <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/farmers-do-not-come-from-mars-berdegue-dec2012.pdf" target="_blank">Farmers do not come from Mars</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Day 7: Farmers do not come from Mars</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/12-12-10-jour-7-les-agriculteurs-ne-viennent-pas-de-mars" title="Jour 7: Les agriculteurs ne viennent pas de Mars" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/12-12-18-dia-7-los-agricultores-no-vienen-de-marte" title="Día 7: Los agricultores no vienen de Marte" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 17 Dec 2012 23:00:01 +0000 Dr. Julio A. Berdegué 10161 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-12-18-day-7-farmers-do-not-come-mars#comments Day 5: My daughter wants to be a farmer http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-12-14-day-5-help-my-daughter-wants-be-farmer <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em><strong>Many and varied are the challenges we Nigerian women farmers face, from lack of land to uncertain markets to the daily burden of maintaining the household. Working as day labourers brings its own uncertainties. No wonder a future in agriculture is unattractive to Nigerian youth.</strong></em></p> <p>By Susan Godwin, Nigerian Farmer</p> <p>When I think of the future of agriculture, I have to say that the youth here in Nigeria do not want to be farmers. They see it is very difficult. They see how hard we work and how little we have, nothing. I have five children. One of them works in the city and the rest live with me. I have a daughter who is 18. She did not go to school and she wants to stay and be a farmer. Now, everything we do is done manually. Maybe modernization would make it more attractive to them. </p> <p>The lack of markets is also a problem. In 2011, we heard that there was a good market for yams in Lagos, so we hired a lorry to carry the yams there. However, once they arrived, they were not off-loaded for three months. By that time, they had spoiled and the money we earned from selling them did not even cover the cost of the transportation!</p> <h3><em>“We have to hire the land from the men farmers.”</em></h3> <p>Here, women farmers have lots of challenges. We lack access to land, and the men want to collect the money we get from farming. We have to hire the land from the men farmers. I am married and I have to rent land for myself and for my daughter. Other time they will say you will go to bed hungry and you will go to bed without eating. </p> <p>Men also want women to work on their farms, and take advantage of women when they hire them. Only on those days will they give women something to eat. </p> <p>Women farmers should be given land so that we can farm. Maybe the government will make a decree to give us access to land. We, the women, have to come together to have a common goal, and then we can go to the government and tell them that this is our problem. </p> <h3><em>“With more access to land, we could rotate crops and get higher yields.”</em></h3> <p>With more access to land, we could rotate crops and get higher yields. The land women get to farm is usually degraded. Men don’t think about the fact that women are farming in order to feed and educate their children, because the men in their households have not done that. There is no access to credit for women. You have to invest out of your own money. </p> <p>For women, we have to wake up early, cook breakfast, go to the farm and work there, then gather wood on our way back from the field, and then come home to prepare the family dinner. Men go to their fields and then they come back and they have a rest. They even go out. As for the women, we don’t have time. We are exhausted. But we still have to farm. You can’t think about that. </p> <p>What I like about farming is that you control your own schedule. If you want to go to the field and work, then you can. But if you are tired, you can stay home for a day to rest.</p> <h3><em>“I get no support from the government extension system.”</em></h3> <p>I want the Nigerian government to help the small-scale farmer, to have access to new methods of farming, even if we have to pay for it. Also give them access to loans. As a farmer, I get no support from the government extension system. And when they come, we can’t even understand what they are trying to teach us because they speak a different language. In the future, if government extension agents could speak local languages, that would improve the situation. </p> <h3><em>“If one day, there was no food in the markets, then people would realize farmers are also contributing to the well-being of the country.”</em></h3> <p>Having education would help my daughter to live better and have more interest in what she’s doing. If she could learn about new farming techniques then that would help her be a good farmer. </p> <p>At times, it seems the things that we are doing are not appreciated. So I think to myself, let all of us farmers move to the cities. If one day, there was no food in the supermarkets and in the local markets, then people would finally realize that farmers are also contributing to the well-being of the country. When our children all go to the cities and buy food in the supermarkets, I will still be farming my piece of land. I will not stop farming because that is where my income is. Everything is there. </p> <p>Download: <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/my-daughter-wants-to-be-a-farmer-godwin-dec2012.pdf" target="_blank">My daughter wants to be a farmer</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Day 5: My daughter wants to be a farmer</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/12-12-14-dia-5-mi-hija-quiere-ser-agricultora" title="Día 5: Mi hija quiere ser agricultora" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/12-12-14-jour-5-ma-fille-veut-devenir-agricultrice" title="Jour 5: Ma fille veut devenir agricultrice " class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Thu, 13 Dec 2012 23:00:20 +0000 Susan Godwin 10144 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-12-14-day-5-help-my-daughter-wants-be-farmer#comments Ethiopian farmers get their first “drought insurance” payout http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-11-21-ethiopian-farmers-get-their-first-drought-insurance-payout <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>A devastating drought is now plaguing parts of Ethiopia, but for farmers like Gebre Kiros Teklehaimanot who are participating in a new “<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/pressroom/pressrelease/2010-12-04/world-food-programme-r4-partnership-resilient-livelihoods-climate-change" rel="nofollow">weather insurance</a>” initiative, the payment they received this month – the first in the program’s history – has softened the blow.</strong></p> <p>Teklehaimanot is part of an Oxfam program called HARITA, or Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation, that has designed a way for the country’s poorest farmers to get weather insurance for their crops, allowing more than 13,000 this year to buy themselves and their families a rare bit of security. For 1,891 farmers in seven villages hit hardest by the drought, each will now get a share of the total $17,392 in payouts.</p> <p>“Last season the rain was bad and we didn’t produce what we had hoped for,” said Teklehaimanot. “So the payment is good for us. We know it won’t cover all our losses, but for me, at least, I can cover the loan I took to buy fertilizers.”</p> <p>Launched in 2008 with a host of partners including the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfamamerica.org/partners/relief-society-of-tigray" rel="nofollow">Relief Society of Tigray</a></strong>, the program aims to build the resilience of farmers by offering not only insurance, but increasing access to credit, encouraging savings, and reducing the risk of climate change through improved land-management practices.</p> <h3>Beyond emergency aid</h3> <p>“The project is beyond giving emergency aid. It increases the confidence of farmers and encourages them to take risks to improve their productivity,” said Gezachew Gebru, a representative from Ethiopia’s Ministry of Agriculture. “We need to do more to encourage others to join this effort and make insurance available to all farmers.”</p> <p><strong>The first payout represents an important milestone </strong>for the initiative which, in partnership with the <strong><a href="http://www.wfp.org" rel="nofollow">World Food Programme</a></strong>, is set to expand into Senegal and two other countries. Triggered when rainfall dropped below a pre-determined threshold, the payout is the first participating farmers have received since the program began, proving the value of investing in the future.</p> For Haile Selasse Negash, what's best about the program is the community's work to protect the environment. <p>For Haile Selasse Negash, a 48-year-old farmer from the village of Getskymilesily, the payout has meant he can look ahead and plan – something that might not have been possible had he lost all his assets to drought, as so many have in recent months. <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/east-africa-food-crisis" rel="nofollow">Across East Africa, more than 13 million people are ensnared by the drought and food crisis.</a></strong></p> <p>“Last season it started raining and it stopped all of a sudden. We didn’t get rain for a full month and that damaged our crops,” said Negash. “With the money I get I am planning to buy seed for the next season.”</p> <h3>Work for insurance</h3> <p>And it’s not just the payout Negash is happy about; it’s what the program is doing for his community.</p> <p>“For me, the major benefit is not the money we receive but the work we are doing to recover and protect our environment through those paying for the insurance with labor,” he said.</p> <p>A key innovation of the initiative is making it possible for the poorest farmers – those without cash – to trade their labor for their premiums. Of the 13,195 farmers now insured, 91 percent of them, or 12,064, are working on projects that can strengthen their communities in the face of climate change, such as planting trees and improving irrigation.</p> <p>“What we really like to see is farmers increase productivity through climate adaption and improved production technologies,” said Mandefro Nigussie, deputy regional director of Oxfam America’s Horn of Africa office. “The biggest actors in this are the farmers and the insurance companies. The two have to work together to determine the best working conditions that will benefit both. We all know that insurance by itself is not the answer, but it plays a big role on contributing towards the growth of the country’s economy.”</p> <p></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><strong>Download the report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/horn-africa-drought-climate-change-and-future-impacts-food-security" rel="nofollow">Horn of Africa Drought: Climate change and future impacts on food security</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/oi-humanitarian-policy-disaster-risk-reduction-apr09.pdf" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's humanitarian policy note on Disaster Risk Reduction</a></strong> (PDF)</p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/east-africa-food-crisis" rel="nofollow">East Africa food crisis</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Ethiopian farmers get their first “drought insurance” payout</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-11-25-ethiopie-premiere-indemnisation-agriculteurs-assurance-contre-secheresse" title="Éthiopie : première indemnisation d&#039;agriculteurs assurés contre la sécheresse" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-11-21-agricultores-de-etiopia-reciben-seguro-contra-la-sequia" title="Etiopía: primera indemnización de los agricultores asegurados contra la sequía" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 21 Nov 2011 12:41:11 +0000 Selome Kebede 9657 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-11-21-ethiopian-farmers-get-their-first-drought-insurance-payout#comments