Oxfam International Blogs - farming http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/tags/farming farming en 10 years under blockade, every day life seems extraordinary in Gaza http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/16-10-21-10-years-under-blockade-every-day-life-seems-extraordinary-gaza <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Our 4-wheel-drive passes underneath the remains of a wedding celebration: silver streamers criss-crossed against the sky, catching the sunlight. Ahead, two boys on bicycles bend forward and race headlong into the summer wind, chasing each other along the bitumen of Gaza.</p> <p>The boys on those bicycles are probably around 9 or 10 years old, which means they’ve survived 3 wars in their lifetimes, dating back to 2008, the most recent just two years ago.</p> <p>This small strip of land, hemmed in by the sea and an almost <strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/multimedia/video/2016-life-under-siege-tenth-year-gaza-blockade" rel="nofollow">decade-long blockade</a></strong> imposed by Israel in <a href="http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session24/Documents/A_HRC_24_30_ENG.doc" rel="nofollow"><strong>violation of international law</strong></a>, has suffered such extreme levels of violence and destruction that it is almost surreal to drive the streets and see that life goes on, in all its universality and ordinariness.</p> <p><img alt="Overlooking Gaza. Photo: Alison Martin/Oxfam" title="Overlooking Gaza. Photo: Alison Martin/Oxfam" height="680" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/overlooking-gaza-1240x680_0.jpg" /></p> <h3>Staggering cost of occupation</h3> <p>A <a href="http://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=1317" rel="nofollow"><strong>recent UN report</strong></a> documents the “staggering cost” of the Israeli occupation on the Palestinian economy, noting that the occupation has cultivated “permanent crises of unemployment, poverty and food insecurity.” The same report found that the Palestinian economy would be at least twice as large without Israeli occupation.</p> <p>Meeting farmers and fishermen in Gaza, it’s easy to imagine the extraordinary potential of the industry and economy here, if it weren’t for Israeli-imposed restrictions. These restrictions affect the movement of people and goods into and out of the Gaza strip, and also limit access to productive resources such as land and water within Gaza. These “<a href="https://www.ochaopt.org/documents/ocha_opt_gaza_ara_factsheet_july_2013_english.pdf" rel="nofollow"><strong>Access Restricted Areas</strong></a>”(ARA) affect up to 35% of Gaza’s agricultural land and as much as 85% of its fishing waters.</p> <p>Restrictions are compounded by the impact of recurrent conflict.</p> <p><img alt="A farmer points out his land in the Access Restricted Area (ARA), overlooking Beit Hanoun in the north of the Gaza strip. Credit: Alison Martin/Oxfam" title="A farmer points out his land in the Access Restricted Area (ARA), overlooking Beit Hanoun in the north of the Gaza strip. Credit: Alison Martin/Oxfam" height="680" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/farmer-yusuf-1240.jpg" /></p> <h3>"Before my land was very productive"</h3> <p>Farmer Yusuf Abu Amsha (above) says his land has been destroyed six times: “Part of this was destroyed by bulldozers. Part of it was by shooting and bombing the trees.”</p> <p>We’re speaking on the rooftop of a building overlooking Beit Hanoun, a town in the north of the Gaza strip, which has been <a href="http://www.unrwa.org/newsroom/features/life-displaced-%E2%80%93-trying-build-home-rooftop-beit-hanoun" rel="nofollow"><strong>devastated</strong></a> by repeated military operations. Yusuf points to his farmlands below, which lie within the ARA near the border with Israel, where famers are limited in their ability to access and cultivate their own land.</p> <p>“Before, my land was very productive. Four families were working for me and I gave them salaries. Now, only my sons and I work on the land, I cannot cover the salaries of workers.”</p> <p>“We are working, working, working and we are spending everything. We spend on our children’s education and on food. We are not saving. Any small shock, and we will suffer,” Yusuf says.</p> <p><img alt="Gaza fishermen. Photo: Oxfam" title="Gaza fishermen. Photo: Oxfam" height="680" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/dsc_2440-fishermen-1240.jpg" /></p> <h3>Fishermen too are subject to restrictions</h3> <p>Israel has been actively limiting the 20 nautical mile fishing zone, as agreed under the Oslo Peace Accords, to 10, 6 or even 3 nautical miles from Gaza beach.</p> <p>Israeli naval ships that surround Gaza at sea confiscate boats that come to close to the cordon. This means that fewer fish can be caught, and those that are caught are of poorer quality and market value.</p> <p>In the face of these constraints, fishermen are forced to employ innovative techniques. Some have installed powerful lights on their boats to attract fish: “They cannot go to the fish, so they get the fish to come to them,” says Mohammed Elbakri, the General Manager of the Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC), which provides support to fisherfolk to rehabilitate boats and improve their catches.</p> <p>Fishermen are also subject to violence and arrest, with <a href="http://www.ochaopt.org/sites/default/files/2016_08_18_q2_humanitarian_dashboard_final.pdf" rel="nofollow"><strong>more than 90 arrested and detained</strong></a> this year, the highest figure in any year since records began in 2009.  </p> <p>Protection is what they need most, say the fishermen, as well as access to the sea. "We can't talk about development if we don't let the fishermen do their job and support themselves," Mohammed says.</p> <p>Materials necessary for the repair of boats, such as fiberglass, are classified by Israel as “<a href="http://gisha.org/en-blog/2016/01/31/checking-the-dual-use-list-twice/" rel="nofollow"><strong>dual use</strong></a>,” meaning they could be used for either civilian or harmful purposes and are subject to import restrictions.</p> <p>While the government of Israel has argued that such restrictions are necessary to protect its security interests, both Israeli and international security and political figures have <a href="https://www.facebook.com/gisha.eng/photos/?tab=album&amp;album_id=249326338487066" rel="nofollow"><strong>disputed this</strong></a>.</p> <p>Access to land and fishing areas is essential for Gaza’s economy, creating new jobs and providing sources of food and income, allowing Palestinians in Gaza to reduce their dependency on aid.</p> <p><img alt="Sunset at the beach, Gaza. Photo: Alison Martin/Oxfam" title="Sunset at the beach, Gaza. Photo: Alison Martin/Oxfam" height="680" width="1240" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/beach-scene-sunset-ali-martin-1240x680_0.jpg" /></p> <h3>What next for Gaza?</h3> <p>The UN has <a href="http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=51770#.WBM5nC0rJaQ" rel="nofollow"><strong>famously predicted</strong></a> that Gaza will be unlivable by 2020. And yet Gaza is defiant in its ordinariness. Hotels line the coastline serving fresh fish and strawberry juice in jam jars. Below, the shore is full of families - the sea breeze provides respite from the cloying heat of home, where power cuts mean unreliable or non-existent air conditioning.</p> <p>Children are chasing and being chased by the waves, toddlers are swinging from the arms of uncles, young women are sitting around plastic tables set into the sand, underneath multi-colored beach umbrellas.</p> <p>We could be anywhere in the world, but this normal, everyday, life is extraordinary for what it has overcome.</p> <p><em>This entry posted by Alison M. Martin, Oxfam Policy Lead for Occupied Palestinian Territory and Israel, on 21 October 2016.</em></p> <p><em>Israel's blockade of Gaza keeps people poor and denies them their rights. <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/crisis-gaza" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam calls on all parties</strong></a> to the conflict to not allow another escalation in violence, to agree to a lasting ceasefire and an urgent end to the blockade.</em></p> <p><em>All photos credit Alison Martin:</em></p> <ul><li><em>Boys ride their bicycles in Gaza.</em></li> <li><em>Overlooking Gaza.</em></li> <li><em>A farmer points out his land in the Access Restricted Area (ARA), overlooking Beit Hanoun in the north of the Gaza strip.</em></li> <li><em>Fishing off the coast of Gaza.</em></li> <li><em>Sunset on the beach, Gaza.</em></li> </ul><p> </p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>10 years under blockade, every day life seems extraordinary in Gaza</h2></div> Fri, 21 Oct 2016 13:06:41 +0000 Alison Martin 66654 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/16-10-21-10-years-under-blockade-every-day-life-seems-extraordinary-gaza#comments Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-02-16-rural-transformation-key-sustainable-development <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director of Oxfam International, delivers a lecture about the <a href="http://www.ifad.org/events/gc/38/oxfam.htm" rel="nofollow">future of aid</a> on 17 February 2015 at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (<a href="http://www.ifad.org/" rel="nofollow">IFAD</a>), the Rome-based United Nations rural development agency. Her appearance is part of the 38th session of the Governing Council, IFAD's annual meeting of Member States, which will highlight rural transformation as a key to sustainable development. Our friends at IFAD sent us this entry, to help set the context for Winnie Byanyima's lecture.</em></p> <p>Byanyima's theme is timely, because 2015 represents a juncture for development. The process of <a href="https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015" rel="nofollow">defining new Sustainable Development Goals</a> provides an opportunity to refocus policies, investments and partnerships for more inclusive, sustainable and people-centered development. Consultations on the post-2015 development agenda have already helped give shape to a shared vision: a world where extreme poverty has disappeared, everyone has access to adequate and nutritious food, decent jobs are available to all, and natural resources are preserved and restored.</p> <h3>Social and economic change</h3> <p>With that vision in mind, smallholder farmers have enormous potential to contribute to sustainable development and food security. Realizing this potential will require increasing productivity, as well as improving access of rural people to markets, finance, technology and information to build more diversified and resilient rural economies.</p> <p>Poverty has multiple dimensions that go beyond low levels of income, consumption and material assets. This is why IFAD targets its investments towards <strong>rural transformation</strong> – a sustainable and comprehensive level of change that is social as well as economic.</p> <p>In a world that continues to be beset by conflict and violence, the links between sustainable and equitable rural transformation and the building of peaceful communities and societies cannot be ignored. The same conditions that hamper rural transformation provide fertile ground for unrest and conflict. Addressing the adverse conditions that affect rural women and men will be central to building the peaceful and prosperous societies of tomorrow.</p> <p><strong>New commercial opportunities</strong> are arising for many smallholders as a result of higher food prices and the possibility of new partnerships between farmers’ organizations and private-sector entities. It will be important to leverage these opportunities in order to reverse a perceived disaffection among young people with agriculture as a profession, at a time when youth populations are at an all-time high in many developing countries. In particular, the organization of farmers has the potential to overcome traditional constraints in accessing productive assets, technology, finance, training and markets.</p> <h3>Diversified incomes, new opportunities</h3> <p>As the demand for rural goods and services continues to grow and opportunities continue to expand, rural people can enhance and diversify their incomes – provided that the right policies and investments are in place. Wider diversity of economic activities, as well as the use of modern technologies and innovations in production processes, are key features of rural transformation. So too is expanded access to commercial opportunities in modern supply chains.</p> <p>Public institutions, along with development organizations such as IFAD, must play a leading role in increasing sustainability, innovation and scaling up of best practices. The following entry points will be critical:</p> <ul><li><strong>Key public goods that increase connectivity</strong> between rural and urban areas, enabling rural people to expand their productivity and access to markets;</li> <li><strong>Inclusive and fair tenure systems</strong> that facilitate access to land, water, forests and other productive assets, supported by targeted programs that promote women’s access to these assets and raise women’s awareness of their legal rights;</li> <li><strong>Opportunities for young people </strong>to engage in productive activities and increase their assets as a means of enhancing their livelihood options; and,</li> <li><strong>Access to risk management mechanisms</strong>, inclusive social protection systems, and quality public education and health systems for rural communities.</li> </ul><p>Clearly, greater investment will be essential to achieving these goals, but so will greater commitment, improved governance linked to decentralization and inclusive institutions, better coordination and a people-centered approach that involves rural people themselves in all phases of development. Effecting sustainable and inclusive rural transformation, as opposed to just dispensing aid, is as ambitious as it is necessary.</p> <p><em>Watch Winnie Byanyima's lecture live via webcast, Tuesday 17 February, 09.00 am CET: <strong><a href="http://webcasting.ifad.org/gc2015" rel="nofollow">http://webcasting.ifad.org/gc2015</a></strong> - send your questions via Twitter using <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23IFADgc&amp;src=typd" rel="nofollow">#IFADgc</a>.</strong></em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-02-03-why-ending-poverty-india-means-tackling-rural-poverty-and-power"><strong>Why ending poverty in India means tackling rural poverty and power</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-02-03-why-ending-poverty-india-means-tackling-rural-poverty-and-power"><strong>How can we feed 9 billion people and still preserve the environment?</strong></a></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-15-end-unfccc-cop20-peru-what-will-it-take-governments-act"><strong>Join Oxfam's campaign to help we all have enough to eat, always.</strong></a></p> <p><img alt="Rural transformation is smallholders farming sustainably. Image: IFAD" title="Rural transformation is smallholders farming sustainably. Image: IFAD" height="560" width="750" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/rural09.png" /></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development</h2></div> Mon, 16 Feb 2015 03:19:36 +0000 Guest Blogger 25336 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/15-02-16-rural-transformation-key-sustainable-development#comments Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-12-03-climate-change-not-just-about-climate-it-about-our-lives <div class="field field-name-body"><p>As representatives from more than 195 governments around the world come together in Lima, Peru this week to work on drafting a global treaty on climate change, they should heed the words of Peruvian farmer Marisa Marcavillaca: <strong>"Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives."</strong></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions"><strong>Negotiations in Lima are crucial</strong></a> as they will set the stage for success or failure next year in Paris, where governments are due to agree a new international climate deal for the post-2020 world.</p> <p>To set the stage for Paris, we need to get the details right in Lima, particularly on how developed countries will deliver promised funding to help developing nations address the climate crisis. <strong>Vague promises won't help people</strong> adapt to the harmful effects of climate change, nor help countries to pursue cleaner paths to growth and development.</p> <p>The central figure is $100 billion, promised by rich countries at the Copenhagen talks in 2009 and haggled over ever since. For people like Marisa who are on the front lines of the climate crisis, this abstract number has made little to no difference in their lives.</p> <p>The reality is that <strong>climate change is already making people hungry</strong> and could set back the fight against hunger by decades. Over 80 percent of the production of staple food in Peru is extremely vulnerable to droughts, including corn, potatoes, rice, barley, beans, peas and wheat. Projections suggest that agricultural productivity in the Andean region could fall between 12 and 50 percent in the next decades as a result of climate change.</p> <p>As Marisa, who is a leader in the National Indigenous Women's Organization explains, "Extreme changes in the climate affect how much we earn and what food we put on the table for our children. If we don't have enough money to buy food, we go hungry. Without enough money, we cannot afford to buy our children the supplies they need to attend school."</p> <h3>We must act now</h3> <p>Climate change is already causing significant damage to global food production not only in Peru, but around the world. <strong>And things are going to get much worse unless we act now.</strong></p> <p>By 2050, 50 million more people - equivalent to the population of Spain - will be at risk of going hungry because of climate change. And there could be 25 million more malnourished children under the age of five by then compared to a world without climate change - that's the equivalent of every child under the age of five in the US and Canada combined.</p> <p>Farmers like Marisa are doing what they can to prepare and build their resilience. They have organized and learned what plants can help fight diseases in their crops. They have built reservoirs for when it is too dry and crops need water. They have worked with local officials to get support for repairing and adapting irrigation systems of greater efficiency so they can grow more crops with less water. But they can't win the fight against climate change alone.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Climate finance is fundamental to a fair &amp; effective global <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> agreement <a href="http://t.co/7OdeEZq188">http://t.co/7OdeEZq188</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/TplUMUreXr">pic.twitter.com/TplUMUreXr</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/539529235460022273">December 1, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Organizing for action</h3> <p>Action from governments at the negotiations has been far too slow, but there are clear signs of progress from all across the world. In September, <strong>millions of people took part in more than 2,000 events</strong> across 162 countries to demand action on climate change. More than 400,000 people marched in the streets of New York City alone. They understand that action on climate means new green jobs, secure food supplies, and a future for all.</p> <p>If progress is made on climate finance, poor countries could make spectacular advances in clean development. Ethiopia could lift millions of people out of poverty while avoiding annual carbon emissions to the equivalent of 65 coal-fired plants. <strong>Peru could increase its GDP by nearly 1% more than business as usual while halving its emissions at the same time</strong>. Indonesia could fulfill its plan to cut emissions by 41% in 15 years.</p> <h3>What's needed for climate finance</h3> <p>The $100 billion climate promise can only be the start. <strong>What's needed now is clear commitments on climate finance, focused on what developing countries actually need</strong>. A blueprint for progress on climate finance should:</p> <ul><li>Set out exactly how climate finance should be accessed and spent.</li> <li>Identify new sources of public and private finance.</li> <li>Establish a "fair shares" framework to mobilize the necessary financial flows and direct them to the right places.</li> </ul><p><strong>These talks are not the endpoint.</strong> They are milestones on a journey that will take decades. But the Lima Summit can - and must - put us on the right track for Paris and beyond. <strong>Now is the time for our leaders to step up and lead.</strong></p> <p><em>Originally published on the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/winnie-byanyima/climate-change-is-not-jus_b_6263588.html">Huffington Post</a>.</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p>UN Climate Conference in Lima:<strong> <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions">what's happening and why it really matters</a></strong></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/stop-climate-change-making-people-hungry"><strong>Help stop climate change making people hungry here.</strong></a></p> <p>With the press? Get your <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-03-cop-20-oxfam-daily-download">COP20 Daily Download here</a></strong>.</p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-12-04-el-cambio-climatico-no-tiene-que-ver-solo-con-el-clima-tiene-que-ver-con-nuestras" title="El cambio climático no tiene que ver sólo con el clima: tiene que ver con nuestras vidas" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-12-05-les-changements-climatiques-ne-concernent-pas-seulement-le-climat-ils-concernent-nos" title="Les changements climatiques ne concernent pas seulement le climat, ils concernent nos vies" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 03 Dec 2014 22:09:49 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 24123 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-12-03-climate-change-not-just-about-climate-it-about-our-lives#comments El ABCD del comercio mundial de cereales http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/9931 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Las compañías comercializadoras más grandes del mundo constituyen un sector poderoso, excepcional y del que se conoce poco. Las principales comercializadoras – <strong>Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), Bunge, Cargill y Louis Dreyfus, conocidas colectivamente como las ABCD</strong> – comparten una importante presencia en los mercados de ciertas materias primas básicas, donde <strong><a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/5808913460/in/photostream/" rel="nofollow">controlan hasta el 90 por ciento del comercio mundial de cereales</a></strong>, por ejemplo. Otras compañías comercializadoras emergentes, como Olam, Sinar Mas y Wilmar, también están estableciéndose rápidamente en todo el mundo.</p> <p>Las principales comercializadoras no sólo operan con las materias primas en su estado físico, sino que lo hacen desde el terreno donde se producen y a lo largo de toda la cadena hasta el procesamiento de los alimentos. Suministran semillas, fertilizantes y agroquímicos a los productores, y adquieren los productos agrícolas, almacenándolos en sus propias instalaciones. Actúan como propietarias de la tierra, productoras ganaderas y avícolas, procesadoras de alimentos, transportistas y productoras de biocombustibles, así como proporcionan servicios financieros en los mercados de materias primas. <strong>Las comercializadoras han sido un elemento clave en la transformación de la producción de alimentos en un negocio complejo, globalizado y "financiarizado"</strong>. Los precios de los alimentos, el acceso a recursos escasos como la tierra y el agua, el cambio climático o la seguridad alimentaria, todos ellos se ven afectados por las actividades de las comercializadoras.</p> <p>Teniendo en cuenta el enorme grado de influencia que siguen ejerciendo las comercializadoras sobre el sistema alimentario mundial, <strong>se les debe exigir que actúen de forma responsable</strong>. Estas compañías comercializadoras son una pieza esencial en el sistema alimentario, el cual necesita un cambio de gran magnitud con el fin de garantizar que todas las personas tengan suficiente para comer, tanto hoy como en el futuro. A pesar de la enorme influencia de las comercializadoras y de la magnitud de sus actividades,<strong> hoy en día existe escasa información pública sobre ellas y sus operaciones</strong>.</p> <p>Nuestro informe de investigación <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/policy/el-lado-oscuro-del-comercio-mundial-de-cereales" rel="nofollow">El lado oscuro del comercio mundial de cereales: El impacto de las cuatro grandes comercializadoras sobre la agricultura mundial</a></strong>, ofrece un análisis sobre el papel de las principales compañías comercializadoras de materias primas y sus impactos en el sistema alimentario actual. Este informe se enmarca dentro de la<strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/crece" rel="nofollow"> campaña CRECE</a></strong>, una campaña mundial de Oxfam cuyo <strong>objetivo es lograr la seguridad alimentaria en un mundo con recursos limitados</strong>. Esta campaña, lanzada en 44 países a lo largo del año pasado, exhorta a los gobiernos, las empresas y la sociedad civil a arreglar el defectuoso sistema alimentario mundial que hace que cerca de mil millones de personas se acuesten hambrientas cada noche, entre ellas millones de agricultores y agricultoras a pequeña escala y trabajadores agrícolas que producen gran parte de los alimentos en el mundo.</p> <p>Esperamos que este informe contribuya a una mayor rendición de cuentas y una mayor transparencia por parte de estas compañías, y que promueva un diálogo urgente sobre cómo hacer que el sistema alimentario mundial funcione para todos y todas.</p> <a href="http://issuu.com/0xfam/docs/rr-cereal-secrets-grain-traders-agriculture-030820?mode=window&amp;backgroundColor=%23222222" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Abrir publicación</a> <p> </p> <h3>Más información</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/crece/reports" rel="nofollow"><strong>Más informes de la campaña CRECE</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/reports" rel="nofollow"><strong></strong></a><strong>Blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/es/blogs/12-08-02-el-desafio-crece-arregla-el-sistema-alimentario-de-un-bocado">El Desafío Crece: Arregla el sistema alimentario de un bocado</a></strong></p> <p><em>Crédito de la foto: <a href="http://ceciliawyu.wordpress.com/2012/04/11/inspiring-women-sumit-2012/" rel="nofollow">Cecilia W. Yu</a>. </em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>El ABCD del comercio mundial de cereales</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-08-03-abcds-global-grain-trade" title="The ABCDs of the global grain trade" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Wed, 08 Aug 2012 14:20:43 +0000 Jeremy Hobbs 9931 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/node/9931#comments The ABCDs of the global grain trade http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-08-03-abcds-global-grain-trade <div class="field field-name-body"><p>The world‟s largest commodity traders are a powerful, unique and poorly understood sector. The major traders, Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), Bunge, Cargill and Louis Dreyfus, collectively known as the ABCD traders, share a significant presence in a range of basic commodities, controlling, for example, as much as <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/5808913460/" rel="nofollow"><strong>90 per cent</strong></a> of the global grain trade. Other emerging market trading companies such as Olam, Sinar Mas and Wilmar are also quickly establishing a global presence.</p> <p>The major traders do not just trade physical commodities – they operate from the farm level all the way to food manufacturing. They provide seed, fertilizer and agrochemicals to growers, and buy agricultural outputs and store them in their own facilities. They act as landowners, cattle and poultry producers, food processers, transportation providers, <a href="http://www.sustainableeu.com/article/274/biofuel-for-thought" rel="nofollow"><strong>biofuel</strong></a> producers and providers of financial services in <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZDFWhFVQ6Uc&amp;feature=player_embedded" rel="nofollow"><strong>commodity markets</strong></a>. Traders have been integral to the transformation of food production into a complex, globalized and 'financialized' business. Food prices, access to scarce resources like land and water, climate change and food security are all affected by the activities of traders.</p> <p>As traders continue to exert a great deal of influence over the global food system, <strong>they should be held accountable</strong> to be responsible actors. Traders are a central node in the food system, within which large-scale change is necessary in order to ensure that everyone has enough to eat – today and in the future. Yet notwithstanding the vast breadth of traders‟ influence and activities, there is currently limited public information about the traders and their operations.</p> <p>Our research report "<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/cereal-secrets-worlds-largest-grain-traders-global-agriculture" rel="nofollow"><strong>Cereal Secrets: The world’s largest grain traders and global agriculture</strong></a>" provides an analysis of the role and impacts of the world's largest commodity traders on the modern food system. The report was commissioned to support <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/grow" rel="nofollow"><strong>GROW</strong></a>, Oxfam‟s global campaign to deliver food security in a resource-constrained world. The campaign, launched in 44 countries over the last year, urges governments, companies and civil society to repair the world‟s broken food system, which leaves nearly one billion people hungry every night, including millions of small-scale farmers and workers who produce much of the world‟s food.</p> <p>We hope this report contributes to the increased accountability and transparency of traders, and furthers an urgent dialogue on making the global food system work for all.</p> <a href="http://issuu.com/0xfam/docs/cereal-secrets-grain-traders-agriculture-030820?mode=window&amp;backgroundColor=%23222222" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Open publication</a> - <a href="http://issuu.com/search?q=agri-business" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">More agri-business</a> <p> </p> <h3>Related links</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/reports" rel="nofollow"><strong>More GROW Campaign reports</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/reports" rel="nofollow"><strong></strong></a><strong>Blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/12-08-02-grow-method-fix-food-system-every-bite">The GROW Method: How to fix the food system with every bite</a></strong></p> <p><em>Photo credit <a href="http://ceciliawyu.wordpress.com/2012/04/11/inspiring-women-sumit-2012/" rel="nofollow">Cecilia W. Yu</a>. </em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>The ABCDs of the global grain trade</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/12-08-08-el-abcd-del-comercio-mundial-de-cereales" title="El ABCD del comercio mundial de cereales" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Fri, 03 Aug 2012 17:24:14 +0000 Jeremy Hobbs 9927 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-08-03-abcds-global-grain-trade#comments Planting the seeds of a better future in South Sudan http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-09-06-planting-seeds-better-future-south-sudan <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>With failed rains, conflict and poor</em> <em>infrastructure, many communities in South Sudan struggle to get enough to eat. <strong>Abdullah Ampilan</strong> reports from Warrap State on an Oxfam project to improve their long-term food security, providing tools and seeds to help farmers grow a wider variety of crops:</em></p> <p>Justin Madut’s family was one of many badly affected by a long drought that lasted for six months. They had only one meal a day during the drought. He even sold his animals to meet the needs of his five growing children. Now, with the help of an Oxfam project, things are starting to change.</p> <p>“We have been suffering from hunger due to long drought in the recent years. I am hoping that with the diversification of food sources, we can cope with the drought without being hungry,” says Justin, a 32-year old farmer from the remote village of Malual Kuel in Gogrial East County.</p> <h3>Improving farming practices</h3> <p>Justin’s family is one of the 2235 households in 11 villages that have benefited from Intermón Oxfam’s food security program, distributing seeds and tools. “Oxfam’s workers are assisting us not only with the seeds and tools but also giving us training to improve our farming practices,” he adds.</p> <p>With the seeds, Justin is now growing different crops such as sorghum, groundnuts, cassava and a variety of vegetables. He is a member of “seed multiplier” groups targeted by Oxfam to increase production of groundnuts and sorghum.</p> <p>Farmers in this area have been used to the conventional farming system. They till the land using a simple and sharpened piece of metal called a ‘<em>pur’</em>, which takes a lot of time and effort before they can finish cultivating a small portion of the field.</p> <h3>Ox-ploughs and vegetable gardens</h3> <p>Justin's wife, Abang, with sorghum just harvested from their farm</p> <p>Oxfam is addressing this situation by introducing ox-ploughs to groups of farmers, and training them how to operate and maintain the new ploughs.</p> <p>The project also promotes vegetable production by women. At least 30 women in ten villages are receiving training and support to grow vegetables, with each group receiving six varieties of vegetables and gardening tools.</p> <p>Local farmers also raise cattle as a source of food and income. During drought there is a high mortality rate of these animals. Tribal conflicts are also common because of competition for grazing grounds and water sources.</p> <h3>A community of learners</h3> <p>“Together with the community, we are identifying viable “cash for work” activities like the construction of water pans (traditional reservoirs for storing water during the dry seasons) to mitigate the impacts of the drought on animals,” says Opio Peter Patrick, Oxfam’s Food Security Officer in the area.</p> <p>According to Opio, an increase in food and income is very feasible with the proper training and close follow up with communities:</p> <p>“Addressing food insecurity demands a holistic, multi-sectoral approach. I see positive reactions from the villagers to sustain the recommended farming practices. I look forward to having a community of learners that would eventually replicate the ideas across the state.”</p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><strong>Download the report: <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/getting-it-right-start-south-sudan" rel="nofollow">Getting it Right from the Start: Priorities for Action in the New Republic of South Sudan</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/south-sudan" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's work in South Sudan</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Planting the seeds of a better future in South Sudan</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-09-06-semences-avenir-meilleur-sud-soudan" title="Les semences d&#039;un avenir meilleur pour le Sud-Soudan" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-09-07-plantando-las-semillas-para-un-futuro-mejor-en-el-sur-de-sudan" title="Plantando las semillas para un futuro mejor en el sur de Sudán" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 06 Sep 2011 15:22:56 +0000 Abdullah Ampilan 9715 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-09-06-planting-seeds-better-future-south-sudan#comments Live blog: GROW launches around the world http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-05-31-live-blog-grow-launches-around-world <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>15:45 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p><strong>Giant peas, corn cobs and carrots have unleashed the GROW campaign on the Canadian public</strong>. Sporting 'price tags' that said: 'You can't afford me'; 'Produced by Women'; 'A right not a luxury', the veggies danced, posed and talked their way around the country. </p> <p>In the capital Toronto, a 30 ft living 'GROW' sculpture caused a big buzz. Campus and Youth Outreach Officer, Taryn Diamond said: “The GROW structure was amazing! It was incredibly captivating and people just kept coming by and taking pictures…I think this shows Canadians will be receptive to the campaign.” On and offline journalists attended an exclusive campaign briefing with a hunger banquet theme, and the media coverage has been exceptional. The whole launch experience was an overwhelming success in Canada.  Toronto and St. John’s have already wrapped up their stunts, but more is still to come in Western Canada in Sasktaoon and Vancouver. Keep an eye on the blog for more.</p> <p></p> <p>For more from Canada, visit the GROW websites from <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.ca/grow" rel="nofollow">Oxfam Canada</a></strong> and <a href="http://oxfam.qc.ca/fr/campagnes/cultivons" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam Quebec</strong></a></p> <p><strong>15:40 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>GROW launch in Guatemala</strong></p> <p> Participants at the GROW forum event in Guatemala City were encouraged to join the campaign’s movement for change and join dialogue to help solve the food problems faced by Guatemala and the world. Oxfam Guatemela’s Director, Aida Pesquera, called on those present to not only analyze the problems of the food system, but also to discuss and reflect on food security public policies and solutions that are working in other countries. She said “We should ask ourselves if we are truly addressing the structural causes of food injustice, and what we should do to address them”.</p> <p><strong><a href="http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1992/tum-bio.html" rel="nofollow">Rigoberta Menchú</a></strong>, Noberl Peace Prize in 1992, attended the launch event.She opened her speech by celebrating that Guatemala was part of the 43 countries that joined together to launch the GROW campaign. She added, "We must make it clear that hunger is an outrage against humanity". Now we need the public to join this campaign against hunger and food insecurity. We're also calling on the government to ratify the civil society proposal to promote a law for rural development. If you want to know more about what happened during the launch in Guatemala, or see the video of Rigoberta, <strong><a href="http://www.oxfamblogs.org/lac/?cat=92" rel="nofollow">check out our blog.</a></strong></p> <p>The GROW campaign in Guatemala is joining forces with the Vamos al Grano campaign, which, since 2008, has worked to promote small farmers’ production in the country and recognizes the importance of women in the production process.</p> <p><strong>15:20 GMT</strong></p> <p></p> <p>In <strong>Burkina Faso</strong> the launch was marked by a press conference hosted by Oxfam, national partners and allies, such as SOS Sahel International. We explored the issues around GROW campaign internationally and discussed how the food system effects the poorest people in Burkino Faso. </p> <p>After watching the Lula Da Silva, Angelique Kidjo and Tiken Jah Fakoly members of the press enjoyed dinner with civil society representatives. It was a great turn out with national TV, press and radio in attendance. On the dinner menu was food and beverages based solely on Burkinabe agricultural products from Burkina Faso.</p> <p>While this was happening we were busy sending our politicians copies of the GROW report, the Burkino Faso summary of it and a presentation from the Oxfam country director about the new campaign. We sent this neat little pack to the Office of the Prime Minister of the Government of Burkina Faso, Ministers in charge of the rural sector, The Minister of Economy and Finance, Permanent Secretary of the Agricultural Sectoral Policy Coordination, Ambassadors to France, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Canada and USA, the European Commission Delegation and Representation of the World Bank in Burkina. Hopefully we didn’t miss anybody out. 
At the end we pledged to carry and support GROW campaign with our sister organisations around the world and together with our partners and allies here in Burkina.</p> <p><strong>15.10 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>GROW discussion launches the campaign in Takijistan</strong></p> <p>A new Oxfam report on the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org.uk/resources/policy/climate_change/climate-change-beyond-coping-tajikistan" rel="nofollow">impact of climate change on women smallholder farmers in Tajikistan</a></strong> provided the backdrop for the launch of GROW.</p> <p>A lively discussion took place amongst policy makers, women smallholder farmers and Oxfam representatives on issues around agricultural reform,nclimate change adaptation, access to markets and safeguarding seed stocks. The event heard from Andy Baker, Oxfam Country Director, Ms Marifat Shokirova, Head of Department of International Relations of the State Committee for Women and Family Affairs and from Ms Tojinisso Nasiorova, Head of Department of Science of the Ministry of Agriculture. Also speaking at the event were some women smallholder farmers from a village in Hissar District.</p> <p><strong>11:50 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>“Chakula Haki Yetu” (Food, our right) </strong></p> <p>The African launch of the <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/grow" rel="nofollow"><strong>GROW campaign</strong></a> went on late into the night in Nairobi. Renowned Kenyan singer Sara Mitaru kicked off events with a tribute to African women, and the crowd of 200 people from more than 20 countries all over Africa were still dancing a few hours later.</p> <p>In between Evelyne Khaemba, who grows sugarcane in the west of Kenya, talked of the difficulties for women farmers: “Land in this country belongs to men – it’s very difficult for women to access and own. We have no rights. To farm you need capital – but to get capital you need a title deed to the land, and only about one percent of women have one.”

She urged the audience: “Let us join hands to save the woman farmer.”</p> <p>The launch took place amid protests in Nairobi over rising food prices. Mary Wandia, Oxfam’s gender justice campaigner, called on governments to respond quickly: “Costs are skyrocketing. We’ve seen the Walk to Work campaign in Uganda and now protests in Kenya. We are not going to have food secure societies when we are food insecure.”

Copies of Oxfam’s “<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/reports/growing-better-future" rel="nofollow"><strong>Growing a Better Future</strong></a>” report were handed over to high level guests, including representatives from the African Union and the head of the African Court of Human Rights.</p> <p>Others in attendance included farmers, activists, pastoralists and civil society from across the continent. The launch was part of a conference on <a href="http://www.wocan.org/events/view/african-women-land-rights-conference-2011.html" rel="nofollow"><strong>African Women’s Land Rights</strong></a>, and the issue of land grabs by foreign companies was raised as one of the biggest threats – whether for tourism, exports or biofuels. “We need to stop using grain for producing fuel,” said Wandia. “It’s unfair when people are sleeping hungry.”

The launch took place on Kenya’s independence day.</p> <p>Oxfam’s Marc Wegerif called for a new food independence for <strong>Africa: “This is the continent suffering the worst food injustices</strong>. More than 50 years after the first African countries celebrated independence – and today Kenya – we still see too many of our children stunted by malnutrition. This is a tragedy we should be angry about. There cannot be independence when we rely on food aid to feed our people.”</p> <p>Follow us on Twitter <strong><a href="http://twitter.com/oxfameafrica" rel="nofollow">@OxfamEAfrica</a></strong></p> <p>Read more about the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfamblogs.org/eastafrica/?p=2048" rel="nofollow">GROW campaign in Africa</a> </strong></p> <p><strong>11:20 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>Nigeria’s launch event was full of colour, music and drama</strong>. The team wore matching dresses, shirts and sashes to signify unity, synergy and a singularity of thought and action. Members of the Nigerian media, radio and television attended. </p> <p>There was drumming, drama and dance performances by a local group called Bella Wahala (In pigeon English Bella: means Belly and Wahala: means trouble) They wowed the audience with their energy and creativity. There were also two solo dances and singing performances by Modina. </p> <p>Then we got to the serious part. People spoke to the audience about issues around food security. We highlighted the role of media in this and presenters expressed their excitement about the launch of GROW campaign. A post card calling for President Goodluck Jonathan to take action to help small-scale farmers within the country was distributed among the audience.</p> <p><strong>20:00 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>Indonesian journalists attend GROW discussion</strong></p> <p>A group of select journalists were invited to a briefing and discussion about GROW. Roysepta Abimanyu discussed the Oxfam campaign report, <em><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/reports" title="Oxfam GROW reports" rel="nofollow">Growing a Better Future</a></em>, and Tejo Wahyu Jatmiko from Aliansi untuk Desa Sejahtera provided insight on food justice issue in Indonesia.</p> <p></p> <p><strong>18:30 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>Campaigners hold picnics to launch GROW across United Kingdom</strong></p> <p>Oxfam volunteers in brand new GROW T-shirts took to iconic Picadilly Gardens in Manchester to discuss a recipe for better ways to grow, share and live together. They created a recipe to fix the broken food system across the UK and the world:</p> <p><em>First off we need to add a bunch of awareness for the broken system.</em></p> <p><em>Spread this liberally, and then stir in a healthy dash of support for the 1 in 7 people who go to bed hungry every night.</em></p> <p><em>Next sieve the unnecessary parts of the food system, so that food will be more equally distributed and less waste will be generated.</em></p> <p><em>Then fold in investment in research and development for smallholder farmers as well as basic irrigation techniques.</em></p> <p><em>Let this settle, before adding a splash of transparency about who is controlling the food markets and a spoon of regulation of speculation on commodity prices.</em></p> <p><em>To garnish, sprinkle a generous helping of fairness and justice on top and why not add some hot sauce to spice things up as the global food system needs a kick up the bum to restore justice to small farm holders.</em></p> <p><em>This recipe goes well with a side dish of more veggies and fruit bought from local farmers.</em></p> <p><em>(Written by Chris Ashworth - Manchester Oxfam group volunteer)</em></p> <p>Oxfam Midlands volunteers held picnics in Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham, Coventry, Stratford upon Avon and Leamington Spa. In each place activists and supporters came to show their support for GROW by pledging to take part in future actions and telling 10 friends about the campaign.</p> <p>Ramona, Chair of Birmingham Council of Faiths said "GROW is incredibly important and I'm so glad Oxfam are doing something about the food injustices the world's poorest people face."</p> <p>Hundreds of people attended picnics in Wales. Picnics took place across England including an Oxfam Bookshop in London.</p> <p></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>17:50 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong><strong>Oxfam Ireland campaigners 'wait' on table for nine billion</strong></strong></p> <p></p> <p>Dressed as waiters serving a table for 9 billion, Oxfam campaigners took to the streets of Dublin and Belfast today to launch the GROW campaign.</p> <p>Our giant globes were enough to grab the attention of passers-by and get them involved in a conversation about food that is now happening all over the world. Addressing the crowd, Oxfam Ireland Chief Executive, Jim Clarken, said “GROW is Oxfam’s new campaign to ensure we grow, share and live better together”.</p> <p>At the stunt in Dublin celebrity Chef Clodagh McKenna explained that GROW was a campaign “for the billions of us who eat food and over a billion men and women who grow it”. <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfamireland/sets/72157626860344924/with/5786102657/" title="Oxfam Ireland GROW launch on Flickr" rel="nofollow">See more photos from the event</a>. </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>17:37 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>EU Brussels, European working lunch to feed nine billion</strong></p> <p>The <strong>Oxfam International EU team</strong> in Brussels also participated in the working-lunch sitting of the European ‘big heads‘ outside the European Parliament, organised by Oxfam Belgium (see 12:45 GMT). </p> <p>Colourful copies of the European Union GROW briefing note prepared for the launch outlining the steps the EU must take towards assuring global food security ‘<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/policy/averting-tomorrows-global-food-crisis" rel="nofollow"><strong>Averting Tomorrow's Global Food Crisis</strong></a>’ were distributed.</p> <p>We placed an opinion article in the name of Jean Ziegler, former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food ) in a <strong><a href="http://euobserver.com/9/32412" rel="nofollow">leading EU media outlet</a></strong>. International news agency Reuters covered GROW from the EU perspective in the article ‘<strong><a href="http://bit.ly/kn4kSw" rel="nofollow">EU accused of dragging feet on global food security</a></strong>’.</p> <p>To coincide with the launch of the GROW campaign, the <strong><a href="oxfameu.blogactiv.eu" rel="nofollow">EU office has launched a blog</a></strong> and now tweets at <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/#!/oxfameu" rel="nofollow">@OxfamEU</a></strong>.</p> <p>Contact: Angela Corbalan on <a href="mailto:angela.corbalan@oxfaminternational.org">angela.corbalan@oxfaminternational.org</a> or + 32 473 56 22 60 Twitter: @AngelaCorbalan</p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfamsol/sets/72157626859213354//show/" rel="nofollow">Check out the photos on Flickr</a></strong></p> <p><strong>17:00 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>Watch the Live-Stream of Oxfam Mexico's CRECE (GROW) Launch</strong></p> <p>Watch the discussion about the CRECE campaign (in Spanish) from Blanca Aurora Rubio Vega, Dolores Rojas Rubio, Javier Solórzano(Moderador), Luis Gómez Oliver, Omar Musalem López, Raúl Argüelles,  Víctor Suárez Carrera on <strong><a href="http://www.oxfammexico.org/foro/index.html" rel="nofollow">Oxfam Mexico's CRECE campaign site</a>.</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>16:20 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>Watch the Live-Stream of Oxfam America's  GROW Launch. </strong></p> <p>Join special guests Academy Award-nominated actor Djimon Hounsou (Blood Diamond, In America), UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food Olivier De Schutter, bestselling author on world hunger and cofounder of The Small Planet Institute Frances Moore Lappé (Diet for a Small Planet is celebrating its 40th anniversary), Dr. Cheryl Smith, President of Trillium and immediate past Chair of the Social Investment Forum, and Oxfam America President Ray Offenheiser as we kick off our global campaign in the US.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ustream.tv/channel/grow-campaign " rel="nofollow">Link here for an Ad Free live-stream </a>or watch below for an Ad supported version</p> <p> </p><p><a href="http://www.ustream.tv/live" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Live TV : Ustream</a></p> <p> </p> <p>15:30 GMT</p> <p><strong>Strong show of support for the GROW campaign in Tanzania</strong></p> <p></p> <p>The GROW campaign launched in Tanzania with a strong show of support from local civil society organisations who joined Oxfam GROW Ambassador, actor Mr Stephen Kunabma and Oxfam staff to   in unveil at a special GROW event. </p> <p>The  audience took part in a debate about the impact of food security on rural communities  and found out more from Oxfam Country Director and Advoacy Co-ordination - Moinca Forman  and Mwanahamisi Salimu - about why Oxfam started the campaign.</p> <p>The highlight of the event was when Oxfam Abassador Mr Stephen Kanumba unveiled the images of women farmers which he signed to show his support for the aims of the GROW campaign. Mr Kanumba was then joined by representatives from TGNP - Tanzania Gender Network Program, the hosts who have an ongoing Economic Justice campaign, Care, MVIWATA - a farmers organisation, TAMWA - Tanzania Media Women Association,  University of Dar es Salaam  - Gender Club and Food Lecturer's organisation (UDASA), Haki Ardhi - a land rights organisation, DUCE - a human rights organisation, FEMACT, NFRA - National Food Reserve Authority, farmers from surrounding neighbourhoods of Dar es Salaam  among others in adding their names in support of the GROW campaign.<strong> </strong></p> <p>Mr Kanumba , who has travelled with Oxfam to see for himself how rural communities and in particular women are affected by the food price rises, land grabs, climate change and small scale farming.  Mr Kanumba said: “People in the rural areas get by with porridge for breakfast and Ugali (stiff porridge) in the evening.  This is because their fields are dry from drought caused by climate change.  We in the urban areas talk about having breakfast and meals!  Food security issues are very real especially in the rural areas".</p> <p><strong>15:00 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>The big Dutch food conversation has begun</strong></p> <p>Dolf Janssen, national star of broadcast and comedy, has pledged his support to the GROW campaign in the Netherlands (video below). </p> <p>He joined a range of supporters to launch the GROW campaign in the Netherlands. Authors of Oxfam report ‘<strong><a href="http://www.oxfamnovib.nl/Redactie/Downloads/Rapporten/who-will-feed-the-world-rr-260411-en.pdf" rel="nofollow">Who Will Feed the World</a></strong>’, Lucie Wegner and Gine Swart, staged a heated debate, including the pros and cons of private land ownership.</p> <p>In the Netherlands, the big food conversation has definitely begun. The media coverage was rich and diverse, including a <strong><a href="http://www.trouw.nl/tr/nl/4504/Economie/article/detail/2439764/2011/05/31/We-moeten-ons-zeker-zorgen-maken-over-snel-stijgende-voedselprijzen.dhtml" rel="nofollow">feature piece by Professor Martin van Ittersum</a></strong> from the University of Wageningen questioning the impact of food price rises, a <strong><a href="http://www.bnr.nl/programma/bnrduurzaam/2011/05/31/voedselprijzen-stijgen-meer-honger-update" rel="nofollow">national radio debate with Tom van der Lee</a></strong>, Oxfam Novib’s campaign director setting out the problems of a broken food system and Oxfam’svision for a better future, and a full page article Volkskrant<a href=" " rel="nofollow"> </a>by a professor at the University ofAmsterdam who, says that Oxfam is too alarmist. There is no  link to the volkskrant as this article only appeared in printed version.</p> <p><strong>Coming soon</strong>: the Pinkpop rock festival in two weeks, where the campaignwill launch to music lovers from across the country.</p> <p>Visit <strong><a href="http://www.oxfamnovib.nl/" rel="nofollow">Oxfam Novib's website</a></strong> for more about GROW</p> <p><strong>14:30 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>South Africa, launch of Grow campaign report, English</strong></p> <p>African spears and mashed green banana </p> <p>Dance troupe The African Spears greeted guests arriving for the launch of the GROW campaign report in South Africa. The event included a celebration of food from across Africa, with a menu that included Zulu Spinach and ground nuts, Xhosa samp and beans, Pedi mealie-meal with pumpkin, Mashed green banana with ground nut sauce from Uganda, and cassava root couscous with fried fish from Cote D’Ivoire. </p> <p>African Spears leader Mmotsi Nobela said he supports the GROW campaign because "it is a call to governments to revise their strategies in terms of food systems. Clearly the system doesn't help the poor or the country. It's only empowering the multinational companies to pursue their own profit goals." </p> <p>Desmond D'sa from Oxfam partner organisation, the South Durban Community Environmental Alliance, said: "Laws must be made binding on governments, and implemented, to ensure that everyone has access to food, and not just the few." </p> <p>South Africa is host to the COP 17 climate change summit, coming up in Durban in December, and the GROW campaign will be using the momentum towards the COP to make the links between a changing climate and the food on our plates.</p> <p><strong>13:15 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>Australia launch GROW with live-streamed Future of Food forum</strong></p> <p></p> <p>Oxfam Australia launched the GROW campaign by hosting a forum entitled <strong>The Future of Food</strong>, which  was simultaneously livestreamed on on their <a href="http://www.oxfam.org.au/grow" rel="nofollow"><strong>new GROW campaign website</strong>.</a> </p> <p>Over 100 people representating organisations such as the  the Australian Council of Trade Unions, Australian National University, RMIT University, Melbourne University, Victoria University, Victorian Farmers Federation, Heart Foundation, Australian Conservation  Foundation, Biological Farmers of Australia, FairTrade Association, Department of Primary Industries, United Nations Association of Australia &amp; local governments, were joined by a leading bloggers to find out more about the GROW campagin.</p> <p>The livestream of the forum saw over 250+ people tuning in to watch the live feed and encouraged conversation on Twitter, using the hashtag <strong><a href="http://search.twitter.com/search?q=%23FutureofFood" rel="nofollow">#FutureofFood</a></strong>, which proved so popular it appeared as a trending tweet.</p> <p>Speakers at the included Andrew Hewett - Executive Director of Oxfam Australia, Ego Lemos - Community Leader and Musician from Timor Leste, Russell Shields - Food Development Manager of SecondBite, Jennifer Alden - CEO of Cultivating Community and Julie Goodwin, winner of MasterChef Australia, with  by ABC radio broadcaster, Hilary Harper moderating. Video of the forum will be avialable at the Oxfam Australia GROW site soon.</p> <p>Our speakers raised many of the key topics within the GROW campaign: waste, support for small-scale producers, the impacts of changing weather patterns and climate change, as well as raising some questions about how the solutions can be found. In particular, Ego Lemos spoke with passion about the impact of single-crop intensive farming in Timor Leste and the changing diets of people as a result. Our Q&amp;A session raised some good questions both from the audience as well as via the Twitter stream.</p> <p>Our GROW ambassador Julie Goodwin has also starred in a video advertising the importance of the campaign:</p> <p></p> <p>Visit <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org.au/" rel="nofollow">Oxfam Australia's website</a> </strong>for more about GROW</p> <p><strong>12:45 GMT</strong></p> <p></p> <p><strong>Belgium: European big heads at a working lunch to feed nine billion on the planet</strong> Oxfam Belgium today organized a working lunch in Brussels for European big heads Nicolas Sarkozy, Angela Merkel, David Cameron, Silvio Berlusconi and Yves Leterme. The European leaders were all invited to sit around tomorrow’s table. Oxfam asked them to put their heads together to formulate a menu to feed nine billion. That is how many we will be in 2050.</p> <p>Oxfam Belgium’s policy adviser on food Thierry Kesteloot said at the media-event: "The potent combination of power, policies and financial punch gives the European Union the potential to shape the global food security debate. But instead, Europe is sleeping at the dinner table as the world enters into an unprecedented and avoidable reversal in human development."  </p> <p>At the same time chef campaigners for GROEI / CULTIVONS - the Dutch and French translation for GROW - asked people for support for Oxfam’s new campaign. They handed out fair trade biscuits to passers-by and encouraged them to take action by asking Belgian and EU policy makers to ensure everyone has enough to eat. A member of public said "I support Oxfam’s GROW campaign, as I believe everyone should have enough to eat."</p> <p>Photos: please embed the Flickr slideshow in your article or pick any picture you might like.</p> <p><a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfamsol/sets/72157626859213354/show/">http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfamsol/sets/72157626859213354/show/</a></p> <p><strong>12:00 pm GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>Oxfam India launches GROW </strong></p> <p>Oxfam India simultaneously launched the GROW campaign in Delhi, Lucknow, Patna, Mumbai, Guwahati and Hyderabad via a livestreamed Press Conference and unveiling of their new GROW campaign site. </p> <p>More events are planned for later in the evening focusing on how people can show their support for the GROW campaign via creative expression.</p> <p>Oxfam India has teamed up with renowed musican Sandeep who composed "Roti Rooti'' especially for the GROW  launch.  Sandeep said "Roti Rooti, encompasses all the issues, pertaining to hunger, the shrinking lands for agriculture, women farmers and their plight, the problem of plenty versus starvation and how lack of political will is responsible for the situation -- it presents the power and politics of food in a subtle manner  It also showcases the debilitating effect of hunger and how it leaves the body, mind and spirit shattered"  Watch Roti Roothi below.</p> <p></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfamindia.org/grow" rel="nofollow">Visit Oxfam India’s GROW pages</a> </strong>to find more about the campaign in India including a <strong><a href="http://www.oxfamindia.org/content/growing-better-future-videos" rel="nofollow">series of videos</a> </strong>that look at the how Food, Land Grabs, Climate Change and Agriculture affects people in India</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>11:00am GMT</strong></p> <p></p> <p>In Rome, today people from all over the world gathered around a huge banquet while the italian actress Serena Autieri and an Italian Chef were serving a meal for everyone. Meanwhile, across Italy many others have supported the new GROW campaign. From Cavour's statue in Padua, to Dante, to the famous piglet in Florence, all spoke out in favour of a change, new solutions and better food for everyone in the world.</p> <p>Valentina Montanaro, Oxfam campaigner said, "A billion people go to bed hungry every night. This is a scandal in a world able to produce enough food for all."</p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/ucodep/5785801106/in/set-72157626817214722/" rel="nofollow">See more photos from Italy</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfamitalia.org/" rel="nofollow">Visit Oxfam Italy's website</a></strong></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>10:30am GMT</strong></p> <p>More from Oxfam New Zealand and their <strong><strong>Cookies, Conversation and Commodity Crops. </strong></strong>As well as giving out over 20,000 cookies to commuters, they made this video to highlight the injustice of our broken food system. On one side, we have a commodities trader making a killing in profits, while next to him we have a small-scale woman farmer struggling to feed her own family.</p> <p></p> <p><strong><strong></strong></strong></p> <p><strong>8:30am GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>Listen to this</strong>: Oxfam Great Britain's Chief Exec, Barbara Stocking, on the <em>Radio 4 Today Programme</em> talking about the need to invest in small-holder farming.  '<strong><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_9501000/9501057.stm" rel="nofollow">In the future there will not be enough food</a>'</strong></p> <p>More from our friends over in New Zealand where the launch of GROW has made a splash in the <strong><a href="http://www.nzherald.co.nz/lifestyle/news/article.cfm?c_id=6&amp;objectid=10729436" rel="nofollow">New Zealand Herald</a></strong></p> <p><strong>8:00am GMT</strong></p> <p>Morning everyone, or evening if you're a hardly soul still awake in the Americas. It's Ian Sullivan here, and I'll be bringing you the latest action as Europe wakes up and announces the launch of GROW.</p> <p>To kick off, I wanted to share this video from former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula De Silva. He explains why this campaign is so important.</p> <p></p> <p> </p> <p>Oxfam is launching the GROW campaign in 43 countries on 1 June 2011. We'll be reporting on all the action from around the world on this blog. Keep checking and refreshing  this page for <strong>updates from 22:00 GMT May 31 - 24:00 GMT June 1.</strong></p> <p><strong>1:30am GMT</strong></p> <p>Hope you have enjoyed the first few events and videos from GROW.  We will be back at 8:00am GMT on June 1 with more updates and reports from around the world.</p> <p><strong>1:00 GMT</strong></p> <p><strong>Future of Food - Oxfam Australia Live Stream</strong></p> <p>Oxfam Australia's new food justice campaign launches at the Wheeler Centre, Melbourne at 11am on 1 June, 2011.</p> <p>The live stream will discuss issues such as: the world produces enough food to feed everyone, yet one in seven people go hungry. This is one of numerous factors demonstrating that our global food system is broken. But how to fix it?</p> <p>Discussing this question will be Andrew Hewett - Oxfam Australia Executive Director, Ego Lemos - Community Leader &amp; Musician, Russell Shields – Food Program Development Manager,  SecondBite, Jennifer Alden – CEO, Cultivating Community Julie Goodwin - Australian Masterchef Winner and Oxfam Grow Amabassador.</p> <p>Find out more about the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org.au/grow" rel="nofollow">Live Stream  and Oxfam Australia's Grow Launch.</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Tune in to the live video stream below, and join in the conversation on Twitter by using the hashtag <a href="http://search.twitter.com/search?q=%23FutureofFood" rel="nofollow">#FutureofFood  </a></strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><a href="http://www.ustream.tv/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Video streaming by Ustream</a></p> <p><strong><strong>00:30 GMT</strong></strong></p> <p><strong><strong>Cookies, Conversation and Commodity Crops – Oxfam New Zealand launches GROW</strong> Across the country, thousands of commuters were greeted on ferries, stations and in city centres by Oxfam staff and volunteers wearing Fairtrade GROW t-shirts. We were offering Anzac cookies, the chance to have a chat and to find out more about the GROW campaign.</strong></p> <p> Michael Smith, who was handing out the cookies said, “People seemed really interested in what we were saying – asking questions, or where to find out more information, and why Oxfam was focusing on food injustice. Plus it was easy to get people interested – everyone loves a free cookie!”</p> <p> A little later in the morning the Oxfam team grabbed the attention of city workers in the bustling Chancery area of downtown Auckland, by theatrically illustrating how commodity crop trading is affecting small-scale farmers.  </p> <p> As the crowds gathered Advocacy and Campaigns Director, John Stansfield, introduced the GROW campaign to the eager New Zealand public and media by saying, “People are hungry because their land has been stolen, people are hungry because of climate change, people are hungry because their plants have been patented. Oxfam New Zealand hopes the GROW campaign will put pressure on Governments to act.” <strong> Find out more about Oxfam New Zealand GROW campaign activities on  <a href="http://www.oxfam.org.nz/grow" rel="nofollow">http://www.oxfam.org.nz/grow</a> and see <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfamnewzealand" rel="nofollow">photos from their launch on Flickr</a></strong></p> <p><strong><strong>23:45 GMT</strong></strong></p> <p><strong>Dolf Jansen, a Dutch Broadcaster, Comedian and most importantly an Oxfam Novib ambassador, shares why he supports the GROW campaign.</strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p> </p> <p><strong><strong>23:00 GMT</strong></strong></p> <p><strong>Watch our GROW campaign video, share it with your friends and encourge them to <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/grow" rel="nofollow">Join GROW</a></strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p> </p> <p><strong><strong>22:30 GMT</strong></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blog/11-05-31-story-of-grow">The Story of GROW.</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Oxfam International's Executive Director, Jeremey Hobbs discusses why Oxfam started the GROW campaign.</strong></p> <p><strong><strong>22:00 GMT</strong></strong></p> <p><strong>Hi. It's Conor and Karina from the GROW team. We are really excited to be sharing the launch of Oxfam’s new campaign, GROW, from our friends and partners around the world.</strong></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p>Over the next few hours we will have updates from Oxfam New Zealand’s cookie communications, our super catchy campaign video and more information on what Grow is all about. At 1:00am GMT we will bring you a live stream of Oxfam Australia’s Future of Food discussion.</p> <p>And, that’s just for starters.</p> <p><strong>If you have any comments or questions leave a message in our comments section below.</strong></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Live blog: GROW launches around the world</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-06-01-Cultivons-live-blog" title="Live blog : CULTIVONS à travers le monde" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-06-01-blog-en-directo-lanzamiento-de-la-campana-crece-en-todo-el-mundo" title="Blog en directo: lanzamiento de la campaña CRECE en todo el mundo" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 31 May 2011 11:42:09 +0000 GROW Team 9979 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-05-31-live-blog-grow-launches-around-world#comments Ethiopia: Oromia Region hearing on climate change http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/10-10-27-ethiopia-oromia-region-hearing-climate-change <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>It’s an amazing sight. Several thousand people of all ages have gathered on a hilltop in Oromia, central Ethiopia, many having walked miles to get here.</strong> This climate hearing in Oromia is one of many events being held across the world in the run up to December’s conference in Cancun. The <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/climatechange/climate-hearings" rel="nofollow"><strong>climate hearings and tribunals</strong></a> aim to give ordinary people the chance to tell how their lives are being affected by climate change. </p> <p>With the morning sun quickly heating up, children climb trees to get a better view of women like Lekea Borena, one of the speakers in the middle of the huge crowd.</p> <p><strong>Lekea lives with her husband and nine children</strong> in the nearby village of Tedeccha. They’ve been farming since they were teenagers, just like their parents and grandparents before them.</p> <p>For decades the same small plot of land has provided them with enough food to eat, and plenty left over to sell in the market. Not anymore. </p> <p><strong>Standing in her field, Lekea explains why “There is not enough rain.”</strong></p> <p>“I remember misty mornings, with the sky full of clouds. Even ten years ago there would be regular rainfall six months of the year. This year we had only two and a half. We’ve had to reduce what we grow. No more peppers or vegetables – now it’s just the basics like corn and sorghum.”</p> <p>Even for these staple crops, they harvest only a quarter of the amount they used to. “It’s nowhere near enough,” she says.</p> <p><strong>Around three quarters of adults in Oromia rely on farming to make a living</strong>. At the hearing hundreds of men and women have similar stories of a gradually changing climate and unpredictable rainy seasons.</p> <p><strong>After seeing so many of their crops die, Lekea’s family has tried to adapt</strong> to the changes in the weather by planting varieties of seeds that need much less water. </p> <p>But this has not always been a success – the Grass Peas that she now grows instead of normal peas help to feed the children, but can potentially damage bones or even cause paralysis if they eat too many of them. </p> <p>“It’s a big worry for me,” she says. “But the alternative is for us to go hungry.”</p> <p><strong>Lekea is due to address the crowd </strong>at the hearing on climate change and she’s nervous and excited. It’s the first time she’s spoken to such a big audience. “I want to tell them that farmers here can thrive if we have support. We don’t want to rely on aid, but we need governments to help us have access to water, to make up for the lack of rain.”</p> <p><strong>At the hearing there are different opinions</strong> on what has caused the change in rainfall. Lekea blames deforestation – “There used to be big forests here but people cut them down to get charcoal to sell in the markets.” </p> <p><strong></strong>Others say Oromia is part of the global picture and that farmers here are paying the price for the industrialized world’s carbon emissions. Everyone agrees that the problem is getting worse and threatening their future.</p> <p>As government officials sit and listen to the speakers, what does Lekea hope the hearing will achieve? “Water is the most important thing. Farmers here can thrive if we have support. We don’t want to rely on aid, but we need governments to help us have access to water.”</p> <p><em>All photos: Aubrey Wade / Oxfam.</em></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/climatechange/climate-hearings" rel="nofollow"><strong>Climate hearings and tribunals: Giving people a voice</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Ethiopia: Oromia Region hearing on climate change</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/10-10-27-etiopia-audiencia-climatica-en-la-region-de-oromia" title="Etiopía: Audiencia climática en la región de Oromia" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/10-10-28-ethiopie-audience-sur-changement-climatique-dans-region-oromia" title="Ethiopie: une audience sur le changement climatique dans la région d’Oromia" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 27 Oct 2010 14:02:18 +0000 Alun McDonald 9454 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/10-10-27-ethiopia-oromia-region-hearing-climate-change#comments