Oxfam International Blogs - resilience http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/tags/resilience es Disappointment in Sendai: why the fight for strong and accountable action on disaster risk reduction is now more important than ever http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/25872 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Just days after the President of Vanuatu <a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-03-14-vanuatu-impassioned-plea-sendai-world-needs-bold-action-disaster-risk-reduction">almost broke down</a> as he spoke of the devastation that Tropical Cyclone Pam had inflicted upon his nation, the mood is bittersweet at the closing of the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in Sendai, Japan.</p> <p>The last few days have been dominated by tense, <a href="http://www.rtcc.org/2015/03/18/sendai-live-final-day-of-un-disaster-risk-reduction-talks/">hard fought negotiations</a> throughout the day and night between 186 governments, all aimed at producing a new 15-year global framework to build resilience and reduce vulnerability to disasters.</p> <p>For much of the last few days, it looked as if we might not get an outcome at all.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Waiting, waiting, waiting at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/WCDRR?src=hash">#WCDRR</a>. Millions at risk of hazards like <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/TCPam?src=hash">#TCPam</a> can't keep waiting for a strong agreement on disasters <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Vanuatu?src=hash">#Vanuatu</a></p> <p>— Ben Murphy (@Ben_Murphy83) <a href="https://twitter.com/Ben_Murphy83/status/578152958472245248">March 18, 2015</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>Finally this late evening, many hours behind schedule, governments did reach an agreement, the <a href="http://www.wcdrr.org/uploads/Sendai_Framework_for_Disaster_Risk_Reduction_2015-2030.pdf">Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030</a>.  But sadly, it’s a framework that largely fails to protect the world’s poor from the growing risks of disasters.</p> <p>Vulnerability and exposure to hazards is rising around the globe. Exacerbated by climate change, disasters are increasingly pushing people into deeper poverty and compromising their safety.</p> <p>That’s why the framework agreed today is <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/reactions/governments-fall-short-world-conference-disaster-risk-reduction">so disappointing for Oxfam</a> and many other organizations working with communities affected by disasters around the world. What we needed in Sendai was a bold and ambitious new agreement on DRR. Instead, what we got was a set of half-measures and business-as-usual commitments that won’t keep pace with increasing global risks.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>New intl agreement on disaster risk reduction fails world's most vulnerable people <a href="http://t.co/nL6mz1UL4k">http://t.co/nL6mz1UL4k</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/WCDRR?src=hash">#WCDRR</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/DRR?src=hash">#DRR</a> <a href="http://t.co/Pm0aMPWLvz">pic.twitter.com/Pm0aMPWLvz</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/578203471675023360">March 18, 2015</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>The new framework does feature a stronger emphasis on the impact of disasters on vulnerable groups such as women, people with disabilities and the elderly, and highlights their role as agents of change in strong and effective risk reduction efforts. This is a critical commitment that Oxfam will be actively supporting to implement and also to hold governments accountable to in the coming years.</p> <p>But the framework does little to galvanize bold action or create meaningful accountability. In particular, the seven targets that form the core of the agreement are flimsy and unambitious, placing little real pressure on governments to demonstrate significant improvements in reducing disaster risk.</p> <p><strong>Wealthy countries also failed to make concrete commitments</strong> around additional financial and technical support to developing countries, which have less capacity to absorb and recover from disaster losses. As many of the most disaster prone countries are developing ones, they are simply unable to finance all the needed measures on their own. Both increased aid from rich countries and increased financial contributions from disaster-prone developing countries themselves are critical to ensuring comprehensive implementation of DRR measures on the ground, where it matters most.</p> <p>Today we are dismayed, but not discouraged. More than ever before, we need to increase pressure on governments and others to seriously invest in protecting lives, livelihoods, environments and economies from hazards. Although they’re modest, there are some positive elements in this framework, and we need to hold governments to account for these commitments.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>After <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/CyclonePam?src=hash">#CyclonePam</a>, will world’s new disaster risk reduction deal be an empty promise? <a href="http://t.co/n8WyuRIr4N">http://t.co/n8WyuRIr4N</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/WCDRR?src=hash">#WCDRR</a> <a href="http://t.co/sl7MPNfS1l">pic.twitter.com/sl7MPNfS1l</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/577843553818316800">March 17, 2015</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>We also need to ensure that the low levels of ambition shown here in Sendai do not set the tone for other major international agreements this year on poverty reduction, development and climate change.  We know that <strong>disaster risk, climate and sustainable development are intrinsically connected issues</strong> – but unfortunately the Sendai Framework makes only weak references to the importance of linking efforts across all these areas.  </p> <p>As world leaders negotiate two further vital agreements this year - the <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/making-it-happen">Sustainable Development Goals</a> in September and an ambitious new global climate change agreement in Paris in December – we’ll need to see much stronger commitments, backed up by concrete funding pledges.</p> <p>Disaster risk reduction forms an absolutely critical dimension of these two agreements and must be fully integrated and resourced. For the sake of millions at growing risk from hazards around the globe, we cannot fail.</p> <p><em>This entry from Ben Murphy, Humanitarian Advocacy Officer, Oxfam Australia, on 18 March 2015.</em></p> <p><em>Header Photo: Residents walk on a road littered with debris after Super Typhoon Haiyan battered Tacloban city in central Philippines November 10, 2013. Credit: REUTERS/Erik De Castro</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/donate"><strong>Donate to Oxfam's Emergency work</strong></a></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/asia-climate-change-cant-afford-wait"><strong>Can’t Afford to Wait: Why Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation plans in Asia are still failing millions of people</strong></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/no-accident-resilience-and-inequality-risk">No Accident: Resilience and the inequality of risk</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/cyclone-pam"><strong>Oxfam's Cyclone Pam response</strong></a></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Disappointment in Sendai: why the fight for strong and accountable action on disaster risk reduction is now more important than ever</h2></div> Wed, 18 Mar 2015 17:49:24 +0000 Ben Murphy 25872 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/25872#comments In the wake of Cyclone Pam, will the world’s new disaster risk reduction deal be an empty promise? http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/25851 <div class="field field-name-body"><h3>Governments are making agreements in Sendai, Japan, but the money isn’t attached.</h3> <p><em>This entry written by Scott Paul, senior humanitarian policy advisor at Oxfam America, on 16 March 2015.</em></p> <p><strong>What do you call a plan with no agreement on how to finance it?</strong></p> <p>In the US government, the nasty epithet for such a thing is an “unfunded mandate.” In other spheres, there are simpler descriptions: incomplete, incoherent, and irresponsible.</p> <p>Yet that’s precisely the sort of outcome that’s shaping up in the final days of negotiations for the <a href="http://www.wcdrr.org/" rel="nofollow">post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction</a>, in Sendai, Japan. This is extremely worrying given that this new framework is set to become the main international agreement to reduce vulnerability to the growing threat of disasters worldwide.</p> <p>Only yesterday Tropical Cyclone Pam <a href="http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/capital-weather-gang/wp/2015/03/16/wind-analysis-photos-chronicle-monster-cyclone-pams-devastation-in-vanuatu/" rel="nofollow">tore through</a> the small island nation of Vanuatu in one of the most devastating disasters in the history of the Pacific region. At the time of writing, the world is still awaiting an accurate death toll, and fearing the worst.</p> <p>But despite an <a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-03-14-vanuatu-impassioned-plea-sendai-world-needs-bold-action-disaster-risk-reduction">emotional personal plea from the President of Vanuatu</a> and exhortations from UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, wealthy countries are refusing to commit more money for disaster risk reduction. Never mind that climate change, for which those same wealthy countries bear the greater historical responsibility, is partly to blame for the increasing damage that poor people in poor countries are suffering because of disasters.</p> <p>The bottom line is that governments came together in Sendai to put people at the center of disaster prevention efforts. They found common ground in their desire to ensure that the impact of natural hazards in the next fifteen years is less deadly and damaging than those in the last ten. And they all understood that much of this effort must happen in developing countries, where the damage is worse and the financial and technical capacity to address it is in shortest supply.</p> <p><strong>Put simply, developing countries do not have the money</strong> to pay for this improvement by themselves. Of course, low and middle income countries should continue to invest more of their own resources in building resilience. Yet, by refusing to commit additional support, wealthy countries have essentially said: “you’re on your own”. They are seriously endangering the possibility of real progress.</p> <p>Oxfam and other organizations hoped that the Sendai framework would set numerical targets (for example, reducing economic losses from disasters and increasing financial support from developed countries each by thirty percent by 2030). Negotiators here have instead gravitated towards more vague language that targets “substantial” improvement on a range of measures. So it follows – to most observers, at least – that for developing countries to make substantial improvements, they’re going to need substantially more resources.</p> <p><strong>Let’s be clear: the people of Vanuatu</strong> are not struggling to cope with <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/cyclone-pam" rel="nofollow">Tropical Cyclone Pam</a> because they lack initiative or political commitment to disaster risk reduction.</p> <p>In fact, they have taken thoughtful steps in over the years to prepare for events like this, and we will learn in the coming days of the lives and livelihoods those steps have saved. They will commit more of their own resources to reducing disaster risk in the future too.</p> <p><strong>But in the face of <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/5-natural-disasters-beg-climate-action" rel="nofollow">increasingly severe weather events</a>, more must be done to build the resilience of vulnerable communities</strong>. In Sendai, governments have proclaimed that in the future, more will be done. But with no commitments to resource these efforts, the ambition expressed here is likely to go largely unmet – and the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people will pay the highest price for it.</p> <p><em>Header image: From left to right: Tropical Cyclone Olwyn in the Indian Ocean heads south for landfall near Learmonth on the west coast of Australia, Tropical Cyclone Nathan meanders northeast of Cooktown, Queensland, Australia in the Coral Sea, Tropical Cyclone Pam tracks due south heading for the islands of Vanuatu in the southern Pacific Ocean and Tropical Depression 3 heads west-northwest towards Guam in the northern Pacific Ocean. This image was taken by the JMA MTSAT-2 satellite at 0330Z on March 11, 2015. <a href="http://bit.ly/tropical-cyclones">http://bit.ly/tropical-cyclones</a></em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/cyclone-pam" rel="nofollow"><strong>Donate to Oxfam's Cyclone Pam response</strong></a></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-03-08-celebrating-female-climate-change-fighters">Celebrating female climate change fighters</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Read the report: <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/making-it-happen" rel="nofollow">Making It Happen: Oxfam’s proposals for the post-2015 framework</a></strong></p> <p> </p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>In the wake of Cyclone Pam, will the world’s new disaster risk reduction deal be an empty promise?</h2></div> Mon, 16 Mar 2015 17:27:15 +0000 Guest Blogger 25851 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/25851#comments Let the anniversary of Typhoon Haiyan stir the world to high ambition on climate change http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/23732 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>It’s been one year since super-Typhoon Haiyan tore through the Philippines, a disaster that devastated thousands of lives and left millions of people homeless</strong>. It was the strongest typhoon to make landfall since records began, causing a huge storm surge that ripped through coastal neighbourhoods and agricultural lands, damaging millions of coconut trees, thousands of fishing boats and destroying more than one million tonnes of crops.</p> <p>The immense devastation left in Haiyan’s path was a wake-up call to the world – yet another deadly warning of what we can expect unless we take the right action on climate change. The next two big international meetings on climate change - in Lima at the end of this year, and in Paris at the end of 2015 - must be a turning point in the level of ambition to fight the biggest crisis of our lifetime.</p> <p><strong>There are many issues to resolve</strong> in the year to come. One of them is money. This month, governments have an opportunity to face up to the real cost of climate change, by pledging generously to the <a href="http://www.pinterest.com/pin/223702306466613078/" rel="nofollow"><strong>Green Climate Fund</strong></a> (GCF).  Discussions about paying the price for climate change have reached a stand-off, in which wealthy countries won't put money on the table until there are clear plans from developing countries for spending that money. With the right level of political will, with a clear understanding of the needs, and with enough money pledged, there is hope for a global climate deal that would ensure all countries take a fair share of the responsibility for climate change.</p> <p><strong>Nowhere is this more urgent than in Asia</strong> - the most disaster-prone region in the world, and home to two-thirds of the world’s most undernourished and food-insecure people. In 2013, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2014-11-06/learning-typhoon-haiyan-asian-governments-failing-respond-climate" rel="nofollow"><strong>78 percent of people killed by disasters lived in Asia</strong></a> even though only 60 percent of global disasters occurred here. Over the past 20 years, Asia has borne almost half the estimated global economic cost of disasters triggered by natural phenomena, amounting to almost $67 billion USD annually. Harvest losses alone related to flooding in Southeast Asia have an estimated annual value of $1 billion USD. <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/asia-climate-change-cant-afford-wait" rel="nofollow">If no action is taken</a></strong>, four countries—Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam—could suffer a loss equivalent to 6.7 percent of GDP annually by 2100, more than double the global average loss, according to the Asian Development Bank. This is an abrupt reversal for many economies across Asia, which has seen an average GDP rate of 6 percent increases every year since 2012.</p> <p>It’s true that both in the Philippines and across Asia, most governments have policies to reduce the risk of disasters and help people adapt to life in an unsafe climate.  But the <strong>implementation of those policies is still being hampered</strong> by a range of challenges including lack of money, lack of political will and a lack of accurate data on actual risks and vulnerabilities. Without greater investment in climate and disaster-resilient development, the impact of disasters on the scale of Typhoon Haiyan-scale disaster could fast become the norm, not the exception in the region.</p> <p><strong>Governments and regional institutions in Asia must show leadership</strong> in <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/research/asia-climate-change-cant-afford-wait" rel="nofollow"><strong>stepping up to the challenge</strong></a> of rising disaster and climate risk.  This means increasing political commitment and investing adequate resources - funds, human resources, and program support - in improving local and national capacity to protect communities from the impacts of climate change and disasters. And the international community must dig much deeper to find the necessary funds to mitigate and help countries adapt to climate change.</p> <p>When Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines last November, the global response was immense and rapid. Thanks to the efforts of the Philippine Government and local and international humanitarian agencies, millions of affected people were reached with life-saving support. Assisted by generous donations from supporters like you, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/philippines/philippines-typhoon-haiyan-our-response" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam’s own response</strong></a> was able to reach almost 900,000 people, by providing clean water and sanitation, addressing immediate shelter needs, and supporting communities to help recover their livelihoods.</p> <p><strong>The world will always help people</strong> pick up the pieces of their ruined lives when disasters have struck. But imagine what we could achieve if we put the same energy and sense of urgency into building peoples' resilience to climate disasters before they happen.</p> <p>There is no doubt about the scale of the challenge. <strong>But we must remain resolute and hopeful.</strong> To quote the Philippines ambassador to the UN, Yeb Sano: “Can humanity rise to the occasion? I still believe we can.” Governments meeting in Berlin at the pledging conference for the <a href="http://unfccc.int/cooperation_and_support/financial_mechanism/green_climate_fund/items/5869.php" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Green Climate Fund</strong></a> on November 20th should have his words ringing in their ears.</p> <h3>What you can do</h3> <p><strong>Watch and share: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/multimedia/video/2014-we-are-war-climate-change-and-hunger-yeb-sano" rel="nofollow">Yeb Saño, Climate Change Commissioner in the Philippines, makes an urgent plea: "We are at war with climate change and hunger"</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Read: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/philippines/philippines-typhoon-haiyan-our-response" rel="nofollow">More on Oxfam's response to Typhoon Haiyan</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Join: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/node/5266" rel="nofollow">the campaign to stop climate change making people hungry</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Let the anniversary of Typhoon Haiyan stir the world to high ambition on climate change</h2></div> Thu, 13 Nov 2014 13:21:25 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 23732 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/23732#comments I’ve seen how climate change makes people hungry - We must act now http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10638 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Typhoon Haiyan, the biggest storm to ever make landfall, devastated my homeland. Three days later I attended the opening of the <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-11-12-climate-talks-philippines-rep-announces-fast-people-affected-typhoon-haiyan">UN climate change talks in Poland</a></strong>. With a deep sense of anxiety about the fate of my family and friends, <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SSXLIZkM3E" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>I pleaded</strong></a> with delegates to recognize that vulnerable countries, such as the Philippines, cannot cope with the overwhelming impacts of climate change alone.</p> <p>One of the most serious risks we face is escalating hunger. No civilization can flourish without food – many have perished with the crash of food and water systems.</p> <h3>Climate change means hunger</h3> <p>Climate change is already making people hungry. It will change what we all eat. Extreme weather events such as <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/haiyan" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Typhoon Haiyan</strong></a>, unpredictable seasons, increasing temperatures, and rising sea levels are already causing chaos for farmers and fisherfolk. Food prices are going up. Food quality is going down. By 2050, 50 million more people – equivalent to the population of <a href="http://www.pinterest.com/pin/223702306465330382/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Spain</strong></a> – will be at risk of going hungry because of climate change.   </p> <p>Typhoon Haiyan devastated my country. Thousands of people perished and millions more lost their homes and livelihoods. My own family witnessed the storm up close. Today, millions of my people live in damaged homes and continue to rely on emergency relief to survive. The overall losses in the agriculture sector could come close to $1 billion. </p> <p>But the story doesn’t end there. The prospect of a serious global food crisis looms because of climate change. And it’s the world’s poorest and most food insecure countries that are least prepared and most at risk. </p> <h3>So what can we do?</h3> <p>We need urgent support to adapt to stop millions more people from going hungry in the next two decades as a result of climate change. This need not break the bank. Poor countries’ adaptation needs are estimated to be around $100 billion a year - equivalent to just 5% of the wealth of the 100 richest people in the world. </p> <p>We also need urgent and ambitious emissions reductions to avoid a runaway global food crisis that could have grave repercussions for our children. Our gluttony for dirty energy stands in the way of a global solution to the problem of climate change and food. We must end this fossil-fuels gluttony.</p> <p>Worldwide, people are already fighting climate change. But too few governments and big businesses are taking the threat seriously enough. We must act together to pressure them, and make changes in our own lives, to <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/food-climate-justice/stop-climate-change-making-people-hungry" rel="nofollow">stop climate change making people hungry</a></strong>. </p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Oxfam's Report, Hot and Hungry - <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/grow/node/36350" rel="nofollow">How to stop climate change derailing the fight against hunger</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Together, we can win the fight against hunger -<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/food-climate-justice/stop-climate-change-making-people-hungry" rel="nofollow"> Join us</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Photo gallery -</strong> <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/adapting-climate-impact-food" rel="nofollow">How communities adapt to climate impacts on food </a></strong></p> <p><strong>Read the blog -</strong> <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-03-25-why-system-for-managing-worlds-food-climate-needs-to-be-more-like-my-car"><strong>Why the system for managing the world’s food and climate needs to be more like my car</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>I’ve seen how climate change makes people hungry - We must act now</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-03-26-he-visto-como-el-cambio-climatico-deja-la-gente-hambrienta-debemos-actuar-ya" title="Estamos en guerra con el cambio climático y el hambre. Una guerra que no nos podemos permitir perder." class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-03-26-jai-vu-comment-le-changement-climatique-rend-les-gens-affames-nous-devons-agir-mainte" title="J&#039;ai vu que le changement climatique rend les personnes souffrant de la faim - nous devons agir maintenant" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 26 Mar 2014 11:00:01 +0000 Yeb Sano 10638 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10638#comments Hambre y calentamiento global http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-03-25-hambre-cambio-climatico <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Cuando me subo en mi coche, me subo en un vehículo diseñado para llevarme de A a B de forma segura. Tiene cinturones de seguridad, airbag y un número cada vez mayor de dispositivos electrónicos de aviso. La circulación está regulada por multitud de normas y códigos (límites de seguridad, semáforos, etc.) y es vigilada por cámaras y policía. En los países en los que se han implantado estos sistemas, se ha conseguido reducir enormemente la tasa de accidentes a pesar del aumento del tráfico.</p> <p>Todo esto para tener un sistema de transporte seguro. Así que sería normal pensar que existen mecanismos mucho más elaborados para garantizar que el mundo pueda lograr algo mucho más elemental como es alimentar a toda su población. </p> <p>Pero te equivocarías. Coincidiendo con el comienzo de la reunión en Japón del<strong><a href="https://www.ipcc.ch/home_languages_main_spanish.shtml" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> Grupo Intergubernamental de Expertos sobre el Cambio Climático</a></strong> (IPCC, por sus siglas en inglés) para debatir un nuevo informe científico que evidencia el impacto del cambio climático, <strong><a href="http://oxf.am/ie7" rel="nofollow">Oxfam ha publicado hoy un informe</a></strong> en el que analiza la preparación del sistema alimentario global para hacer frente al calentamiento global. El informe llega a unas conclusiones preocupantes. </p> <h3>Los fenómenos meteorológicos extremos son una advertencia</h3> <p>Este año ya hemos sido testigos de unos <strong>fenómenos meteorológicos sin precedentes</strong> que <strong>han afectado muy negativamente a la agricultura y a la disponibilidad y el precio de los alimentos</strong>. Brasil ha sufrido la peor sequía en una década, que ha malogrado las cosechas en la región granero del país, entre ellas la valiosa cosecha de café lo que ha provocado que su precio se dispare más de un 50%. En California, la peor sequía de los últimos cien años ha perjudicado gravemente al sector agrícola, que produce casi la mitad de todas las hortalizas, frutas y frutos secos de Estados Unidos. </p> <p>Estos fenómenos meteorológicos extremos son un ejemplo de lo que la comunidad científica advierte que traerá consigo el calentamiento global. Fragmentos del informe del IPCC filtrados a la prensa sugieren que <strong>el impacto del cambio climático en la pandemia del hambre será mucho más grave de lo pensado y que, en los países pobres, las actuales generaciones –y no las futuras– padecerán sus consecuencias en los próximos 20-30 años</strong>.</p> <p>De acuerdo con el informe del IPCC, es probable que, debido al cambio climático,<strong> la producción agrícola neta disminuya hasta un 2% en una década</strong>. <strong>Sin embargo, la demanda de alimentos, derivada del aumento de la población, aumentará un 14%</strong> también en 10 años. No hace falta ser especialista en el cambio climático para darse cuenta de que estas cifras no casan.</p> <p>Oxfam ha realizado un "test de estrés" en 10 ámbitos de las políticas alimentarias y climáticas a escala nacional y mundial: financiación para la adaptación al cambio climático; iniciativas de protección social para los grupos más vulnerables; ayuda humanitaria en crisis alimentarias; reservas de alimentos; apoyo a las mujeres agricultoras; investigación y desarrollo en la agricultura; inversión pública en agricultura; seguros de cosechas; riego de cultivos; y vigilancia meteorológica. </p> <h3>Las carencias vienen determinadas por la pobreza, el poder y la política</h3> <p>El análisis ha evidenciado que en estos 10 ámbitos <strong>existen importantes carencias entre lo que se está haciendo y lo que es necesario hacer</strong>. Estas carencias vienen determinadas por la pobreza, el poder y la política. Aunque<strong> muchos países –tanto ricos como pobres– no están preparados para afrontar los efectos del cambio climático en la producción de alimentos, son los más pobres y los que padecen una mayor inseguridad alimentaria los que están menos preparados y expuestos a un mayor riesgo</strong>. </p> <p>Pero no tiene por qué ser así. Algunos países como Ghana, Vietnam y Malawi están consiguiendo ir en contra de estas tendencias y disfrutan de niveles de seguridad alimentaria mayores que países como Nigeria, Laos y Níger, a pesar de contar con niveles de ingresos y de riesgo ante el cambio climático similares. Una diferencia clave es que Ghana, Vietnam y Malawi ya han emprendido acciones en algunos de estos 10 ámbitos clave.</p> <p>Oxfam hace un llamamiento a Gobiernos, empresas y personas para tomar medidas urgentes y evitar que el cambio climático sume a más personas en el hambre. Esto incluye desarrollar la resiliencia de las personas ante el hambre y el cambio climático, reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero y emprender acciones a nivel político e individual.</p> <p>No es fácil, pero la alternativa es... impensable. <strong>A menos que actuemos ahora, nos enfrentaremos a una crisis alimentaria de proporciones gigantescas</strong>.</p> <h3>Más información</h3> <p><strong>Sigue la campaña: <a href="http://oxf.am/ifa" rel="nofollow">Justicia climática y alimentaria</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Nota informativa - <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/crece/node/36467" rel="nofollow">Hambre y calentamiento global : cómo impedir que el cambio climático haga fracasar la lucha contra el hambre</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Juntos, podemos ganarle la batalla al hambre - <a href="http://oxf.am/ifD" rel="nofollow">Súmate</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Galería de fotos -</strong> <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/node/36408" rel="nofollow">Comunidades agrícolas de todo el mundo luchan por adaptarse al cambio climático</a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Hambre y calentamiento global</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-03-24-faim-et-rechauffement-climatique-meme-combat" title="Faim et réchauffement climatique, même combat" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_en last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-03-25-why-system-for-managing-worlds-food-climate-needs-to-be-more-like-my-car" title="Why the system for managing the world’s food and climate needs to be more like my car" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Tue, 25 Mar 2014 00:01:00 +0000 Duncan Green 10634 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-03-25-hambre-cambio-climatico#comments Why the system for managing the world’s food and climate needs to be more like my car http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10636 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Today, Oxfam is publishing <strong><a href="http://oxf.am/iw6" rel="nofollow">a briefing</a></strong> on its ‘food and climate justice’ campaign. Here’s a post I wrote for the launch.</em></p> <p>When I get into my car in London, I step into a system designed to get me safely from A to B. It has seat belts, airbags, and an increasing number of electronic warning devices. The traffic system has rules – speed limits, highway codes, traffic lights, enforced by cameras and cops. In countries that have introduced such systems, the result is falling casualty rates, despite rising traffic volumes.</p> <p>All this effort to ensure a safe traffic system, so you would think that much more elaborate mechanisms would be in place to ensure that the world fulfils the much more elemental task of feeding its people. </p> <p>You would be wrong. Ahead of next week’s International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) evidence on climate change and global hunger, a<strong> <a href="http://oxf.am/iw6" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">new report</a> </strong>from Oxfam analyzes the<strong> state of readiness of the global food system</strong>, as it confronts a changing climate, and it arrives at some alarming conclusions.</p> <h3>Extreme weather events are in line with what scientists have been telling us to expect from a warming climate</h3> <p>Already this year there have been a number of record-breaking weather events around the globe, which have badly affected agriculture and the availability and affordability of food. In Brazil, the worst drought in a decade has ruined crops in the country’s breadbasket region – including the valuable coffee harvest, causing the price of coffee to<a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/25/brazil-drought-threatens-coffee-crops" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong> shoot up by 50 per cent</strong></a>.  In California<a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/14/us/california-seeing-brown-where-green-used-to-be.html?" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong> the worst drought in over 100 years</strong> </a>is hitting the state’s agricultural industry, which produces nearly half of all the vegetables, fruits and nuts grown in the US.  </p> <p>These extreme weather events are in line with what scientists have been telling us to expect from a warming climate. <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/world-on-a-plate/2013/nov/07/climate-change-environment-food-security-ipcc-emissions-united-nations-global-warming" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Leaked drafts of the IPCC</strong></a> report conclude that the impact of climate change on global hunger will be worse than previously reported, and severe impacts will be felt in current, not future, generations– in the next 20–30 years in the poorest countries. </p> <p>According to the IPCC, net global agricultural yields are likely to decrease by up to 2% per decade due to climate change, while demand for food (driven by rising affluence and populations) will rise by 14% a decade. It doesn’t take a climate scientist to realize that these numbers don’t add up.</p> <h3>The gaps in preparedness are driven by poverty, power and politics</h3> <p>The Oxfam stress test for a ‘hot and hungry’ global food system rates 10 critical areas of national and global food and climate policy: funding for adaptation to climate change (a hot topic in the UK following recent floods); social protection programmes for the most vulnerable groups; humanitarian aid for food crises; food reserves; support for women farmers; public investment in agriculture and related research; crop insurance and weather monitoring. </p> <p>Across all ten areas, the stress test found a serious gap between what is happening and what is needed.  These gaps in preparedness are driven by poverty, power and politics.  While many countries – both rich and poor – are inadequately prepared for the impact of climate change on food, it is the world’s poorest and most food insecure countries that are generally the least prepared for and most susceptible to harmful climate change. </p> <p>But it doesn’t have to be like this. Countries such as Ghana, Viet Nam and Malawi are bucking the trend, enjoying far higher levels of food security than countries such as Nigeria, Laos and Niger, which have similar levels of income and face comparable magnitudes of climate change. A key difference is that Ghana, Viet Nam and Malawi have already taken action on some of the 10 key policy and practice measures highlight in the report.</p> <p>Oxfam is calling for urgent action by governments, business and individuals to stop climate change making people hungry. This includes building people’s resilience to hunger and climate change, rapidly cutting greenhouse gas emissions, international action on climate change, and political and personal action at an individual level.</p> <p>It’s a tall order, the alternative hardly bears thinking about. <strong>Unless we act now, we face a species climate crash of horrific proportions</strong>.</p> <p><em>And here's the inevitable infographic:</em></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/oxfam-10-gaps-climate-preparedness-1600.jpg" target="_blank"></a></p> <h3></h3> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Oxfam's Report</strong> -<strong> <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/grow/node/36350" rel="nofollow">Hot and Hungry - How to stop climate change derailing the fight against hunger</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Together, we can win the fight against hunger -<a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/food-climate-justice/stop-climate-change-making-people-hungry" rel="nofollow"> Join us</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Photo gallery -</strong> <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/adapting-climate-impact-food" rel="nofollow">How communities adapt to climate impacts on food </a></p> <p><strong>Blog entry -</strong> <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/es/node/7349">I’ve seen how climate change makes people hungry - We must act now</a></p> <p><strong></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Why the system for managing the world’s food and climate needs to be more like my car</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-03-24-faim-et-rechauffement-climatique-meme-combat" title="Faim et réchauffement climatique, même combat" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-03-25-hambre-cambio-climatico" title="Hambre y calentamiento global" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 24 Mar 2014 23:02:00 +0000 Duncan Green 10636 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10636#comments Mapping the money: Unpacking the Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2013 http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10393 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>The <a href="http://www.globalhumanitarianassistance.org/report/4216" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Global Humanitarian Assistance report</strong> </a>is eagerly anticipated by some of us in the humanitarian field, as it provides us with hard data and trends required for strategic analysis and decisions. As humanitarian managers, high quality data is very important because it supports good management.</p> <p>As such, this report is a useful tool for many decision makers – not only in the humanitarian sphere – but beyond, in the wider context of development assistance and international governance.</p> <h3>The challenges of collecting data</h3> <p>Firstly I’d like to express my appreciation for the authors’ efforts. Collecting data in our field of work is not an easy undertaking, in light of the obvious differences across agencies and organisations.</p> <p>Varying definitions is one such challenge e.g. what is humanitarian and what is development? Which parts of disaster risk reduction (DRR) work fall into which of the two categories? And then there are differing reporting cycles and different levels of transparency of organisations.</p> <p>Every three months, members of my own team are required to gather fundraising data across 17 Oxfam affiliates – a difficult enough task in itself. Comparing that with the far more complex one that Development Initiatives faces when trying to collect and process data from hundreds of organizations puts the task into some kind of perspective. A truly Herculean challenge and a Sisyphus task at the same time!</p> <p>The data is not perfect, the data isn’t robust, and doesn’t cover all actors and thematic areas because of these difficulties and for other reasons relating to particular methodologies. However, irrespective of those details, what the report does deliver is a clear indication of trends. In addition, the clear and user-friendly presentation with many charts, descriptions and examples demystifies the data and makes them usable.</p> <h3>The year 2012</h3> <p>The content of this year’s report is particularly interesting due to the fact that 2012 was absent of any major disaster events. Discounting the growing <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/syria" rel="nofollow"><strong>crisis in Syria</strong></a>, it was a year of protracted crises. Because the data for 2012 were not distorted by mega-disasters, it provides a very useful opportunity to reflect on humanitarian work and the underlying trends – it reflects a ‘normal’ year in terms of humanitarian crises and response.</p> <h3><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/gha-executive-summary-infographic.png" target="_blank"></a>How is the global humanitarian funding system characterised through 2012 data?</h3> <p>Some attributes of the global humanitarian funding system are exemplified in the report sections. While, in general, we can see progress, there is still much to address. Humanitarian assistance is still:</p> <ul><li>largely reactive, not proactive;</li> <li>lacking strategic coherence;</li> <li>fragmented and in project silos;</li> <li>disconnected from the development agenda.</li> </ul><p>To quote from the report: allocation of funds is “skewed by media coverage, proximity, cultural bias, economic significance and geopolitical importance” of the affected region/event. We say we allocate by need, but this is not always the case.</p> <p>This significantly impacts, not only on the delivery of humanitarian assistance to particular emergencies, but it also on aid providers and the capacity of the whole humanitarian aid system. For example, the short-termism and lack of predictability of humanitarian funding makes humanitarian career development a serious challenge.</p> <p>It is obvious, therefore, that readjusting the focus of funding efforts to a more strategic approach is what’s required. More efforts need to be put into meeting GHD commitments, to convince new and emerging donors to strive for these high standards.</p> <h3>Opportunities created by the global financial crisis for the resilience agenda</h3> <p>The report tracks a downwards trend of the percentage of needs being met. 2012 was the worst year of the past decade, with only 62.7% of <a href="http://www.unocha.org/cap/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>UN Consolidated Appeals Process</strong></a> (CAP) funding requirements met. This continues the trend of this percentage dropping further year-on-year since 2007.</p> <p>By mid-2013 consolidated and flash appeals had already exploded to US$12.94 billion, as a result of increased funding needs e.g. in Syria, Central African Republic and Mali. This makes it highly likely that the trend of funding needs not being met will continue also in 2013. However, the data provided are still indicative of a consolidation of a trend with growing needs and falling levels of funding coverage, which is of serious concern.</p> <p>Despite the impact of the economic crisis, countries such as the UK demonstrate that commitments can be met. Financial austerity does make it harder for governments to justify funding international assistance, but, in fact, the financial crisis is an opportunity, insofar as it creates more pressure to use resources effectively. Austerity measures have breathed new life into the discussion around disaster prevention and risk reduction, as reflected in the rapidly spreading <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/no-accident-resilience-and-inequality-risk" rel="nofollow"><strong>resilience conversations</strong></a>.</p> <p>For the first time in the past 20 years, in my personal experience, there is a much more serious commitment behind these conversations. Talking about resilience is not new – in the 1990s linking relief, rehabilitation and development (LRRD) and DRR discussions meant very similar things. However, it is evident that there is currently a new quality to these conversations.</p> <p>As a result of climate change, population growth and migration, the number of people affected by humanitarian crises is rising and the humanitarian response delivery model and <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-01-17-all-stations-aid-global-humanitarian-assistance-new-interactive-guide"><strong>the funding systems</strong></a> are stretched to the limit. In addition to this trend, the austerity situation has now re-emphasised the focus on the economics of aid, which, in turn, highlights what we all know: prevention and preparedness are overall much cheaper than response. The resulting resilience discussion is however not without the risk of directing attention to the wrong place.</p> <h3>The risks of a wrong focus of the resilience discussion</h3> <p>Let’s not make the mistake of believing humanitarians can fix all of these global problems by working more on risk. There’s a lot of discussion about a perceived need to redirect more resources from the humanitarian funding pots from response to prevention and DRR-type activities. While well intended, this notion is somehow missing the larger picture:</p> <ol><li>Humanitarian funding consistently <a href="http://www.globalhumanitarianassistance.org/infographics/tool-6" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>does not meet the acute requirements</strong></a> of global humanitarian needs.</li> <li>Humanitarian funding is about one tenth of overall official development aid (ODA) (9% in 2012 as per the GHA Report 2013)</li> <li>When some people are asking that 10% of humanitarian funding should be allocated to DRR, this only makes sense if 90% of DRR/resilience efforts are funded from development funding sources. Otherwise the impact of this reallocation will not make a serious dent into large scale prevention resulting in a reduction of overall humanitarian case load. It will simply reduce the amounts of funding available to meet obligations of the humanitarian imperative.</li> <li>Despite austerity, it is actually not a matter of lack of resources. Total ODA in 2012 (approximately US$120 billion) is less than 10% of security spending (2012 military spending approximately US$1.7 trillion).</li> </ol><p><strong>Yes, we need to better integrate disaster risk reduction</strong> into relief programmes where feasible. But it is also important to hit the message home that any investment we do in development that does not assess risk is not worth it. We need to:</p> <ul><li>analyse vulnerability (usually the poorest are also the most vulnerable),</li> <li>scrutinise against thorough risk analysis,</li> <li>build in measures on how to reduce/mitigate socio-economic shocks and disaster risks that threaten both the communities targeted and the development objectives (i.e. increased the community resilience) and</li> <li>think through what response mechanisms need to be in place in case the resilience thresholds are outstretched through shocks or catastrophic events.</li> </ul><p>To use a very simplistic comparison: in many countries, in Europe for example, you can’t buy a house without insurance, but the same governments don’t do preparedness and proper risk assessment before they invest in development.</p> <p>By applying logic and scrutiny to international development investments and linking spending more closely to humanitarian assistance, both would be more effective. Only if we manage to significantly reduce vulnerability and disaster risks at scale, the current trend of growing humanitarian needs can be reversed.</p> <h3>Areas for improvement</h3> <p>I suggest the following changes in future editions of the report:</p> <ol><li><strong>Less focus on CAPs</strong>, which represent only a very small component of disaster response. The report needs to be more reflective of the overall disaster response situation and include national responses. For example, India and China together have more than half of the annual humanitarian case load globally, but this is not appropriately reflected in the report.</li> <li><strong>Start broadening the sources for needs analysis</strong> (e.g. use ACAPS/OCHA dashboard/IPC type of data where ever possible), as the CAPs reflect only a small fraction of overall humanitarian needs. The source for the reporting on humanitarian needs is almost solely taken from CAPs, which aren’t assessment processes but rather wish lists in nature.</li> </ol><p>Development Initiatives’ <strong><a href="http://www.globalhumanitarianassistance.org/report/4216" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Global Humanitarian Assistance (GHA) Report 2013</a></strong> simplifies understanding and analysing trends in humanitarian financing. In addition, GHA has other products such as a helpdesk service for any queries on humanitarian funding data. This truly is an initiative and service that adds value to the work of humanitarian organisations.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/humanitarian-policy-notes" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam's Humanitarian Policy Notes</strong></a> - short summaries of our learning around humanitarian issues and response</p> <p><strong>Latest on <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's humanitarian response</a></strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/" rel="nofollow"></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Mapping the money: Unpacking the Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2013</h2></div> Tue, 06 Aug 2013 12:37:43 +0000 Carsten Völz 10393 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10393#comments UN Disaster Risk Reduction Conference: Good, but needs to go further http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10321 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Ben Murphy writes from the Global Platform, the disaster risk reduction summit and argues that urgent action is needed to transform the losing battle against risk.</em></p> <p><strong>Disaster risk is one of the biggest challenges facing the world today.</strong> Hazards such as droughts, floods and cyclones are increasing in frequency and severity, compounded by the impacts of climate change and environmental degradation. Exposure and vulnerability has grown due to higher concentrations of people and economic activity located in areas prone to natural hazards. The economic impacts of disasters have also increased, more than tripling in some countries over the last 20 years.</p> <p>Disaster risk is an issue neither low- nor high-income nations can afford to ignore.</p> <p>From increasingly frequent drought in the Sahel, to 2011's Great East Japan Earthquake and 2012's Hurricane Sandy we have seen that disaster risk is an issue neither low- nor high-income nations can afford to ignore. While great progress has been made in disaster risk reduction (DRR) efforts across the globe, an enhanced global push to strengthen risk reduction awareness, institutions and practice is urgently needed to transform the losing battle against increasing risk.</p> <p>This week, Oxfam staff and partners joined thousands of representatives from governments, civil society groups, NGOs, local community groups and the private sector in Geneva for the world's foremost gathering on DRR, the <a href="http://www.preventionweb.net/globalplatform/2013/about" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>biennial Global Platform for DRR</strong></a>.</p> <h3>Disaster risk is an issue neither low- nor high-income nations can afford to ignore.</h3> <p>Progress on a new 10-15 year plan of action on DRR from 2015 onwards has been top of the agenda - and not a moment too soon, given that the current <a href="http://www.unisdr.org/we/coordinate/hfa" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Hyogo Framework for Action</strong></a> (HFA) on DRR concludes in two years.</p> <p>The HFA has achieved much in giving greater momentum to DRR worldwide, but it is not without its weaknesses.</p> <p>A strengthened and more comprehensive HFA2 needs to build on the successes of the HFA, while addressing its limitations and the creativity needed to respond to growing risk and losses, economic impact and environmental damage.</p> <p>This afternoon, the <a href="http://www.preventionweb.net/globalplatform/2013/news/view/33306" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Chair of the Global Platform</strong></a> presented his draft summary, the key outcome document setting out priorities and way forward on HFA2. It has a strong emphasis on accountability and the importance of local and community involvement and empowerment. It recognizes the weaknesses of the current HFA in addressing the root causes of risk, and calls for an immediate start to work on measurable targets and indicators based on progress in reducing risk and vulnerability. This progress is welcome and represents a significant step towards a strengthened HFA2.</p> <h3>"Risk is increasing at a rate that no single sector can address." - Aris Papadopoulos</h3> <p>Yet more needs to be done to ensure that HFA2 provides the direction and innovation necessary to meet the increasing risks and challenges of the coming years and decades. As Aris Papadopoulos from the Private Sector Advisory Group on DRR concluded today, risk is increasing at a rate that no single sector can address.</p> <p>Meeting this increasing gap therefore requires a fundamental shift that puts the local focus and local action at the heart and centre of HFA2. Not only have bottom up DRR strategies proven to be the most effective, they provide a strong foundation of community resilience, leading to more resilient nations and enhancing and linking risk reduction efforts at all levels.</p> <p>We need a clear commitment in HFA2 to the needs and capacities of the most vulnerable and hazard prone. There should also be a stronger emphasis on the contribution of non-government actors, in particular the role of civil society in the development of HFA2, and the importance of linking communities with each other and with governments.</p> <p>The significant momentum established today towards the development of targets and indicators, should be further bolstered by commitments to the development of national databases on damage and losses to measure progress.</p> <p>Two years might sound like a long time, but in the world of international agreements it can pass very quickly. The progress achieved this week is undoubtedly significant, but a greater focus on building community resilience will help bring together and amplify our collective efforts at local, national and global levels, If a truly effective and strengthened HFA2 is to be achieved by 2015, we need a comprehensive and ambitious path forward that charts a role in DRR for all those with a stake in a more resilient world.</p> <p><em>Originally published by <a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/blog/2013/05/drr-conference" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>OxfamGB</strong></a>.</em></p> <h3><em></em>You may also like</h3> <p>Check out this snappy UNDP #ActNow Save Later video, on disaster risk reduction: Every $1 spent on preparedness saves $7 in response.</p> <p> <strong>Read the Oxfam report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/no-accident-resilience-and-inequality-risk" rel="nofollow">No Accident: Resilience and the inequality of risk</a></strong>Our latest report on resilience calls on governments and aid agencies to tackle the politics and power at the heart of the increasing effects of climate change, rising inequality and people’s vulnerability to disasters.</p> <p><strong>From the Overseas Development Institute: <a href="http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7452-climate-finance-disaster-risk-reduction" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">International financing for disaster risk management the 20-year story (1991-2010)</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>UN Disaster Risk Reduction Conference: Good, but needs to go further</h2></div> Fri, 24 May 2013 14:39:34 +0000 Ben Murphy 10321 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10321#comments Jour de la Terre 2013 : les grandes entreprises agroalimentaires en font-elles assez face au changement climatique ? http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10285 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>A l’occasion du Jour de la Terre, ce lundi 22 avril, nous publions cette analyse sur la façon dont les grandes entreprises agroalimentaires devraient s’attaquer aux causes et conséquences du changement climatique.</em></p> <p>La semaine dernière lorsque j'ai lu dans les journaux des titres sur la <strong><a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-11/vietnam-coffee-harvest-may-drop-30-on-drought-vicofa-says-1-.html" target="_blank" title="Vietnam Coffee Harvest May Drop 30% on Drought, Vicofa Says" rel="nofollow">possible chute des récoltes de café au Vietnam de 30 % à cause de la sécheresse</a></strong>, cela m'a inquiété et laissé un goût amer dans la bouche.</p> <p>La cause de cela : le changement climatique.</p> <p>Les événements climatiques de plus en plus graves et les autres impacts climatiques ruinent d'ores et déjà la production alimentaire au niveau mondial, et ce n'est que le début ! Les petits agriculteurs des pays en développement en sont les plus durement frappés et bien trop souvent, les cultures dont dépendent leur vie et leurs moyens de subsistance sont directement mises en danger.</p> <p>Ainsi, lorsqu'Oxfam a commencé à travailler sur sa nouvelle initiative <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/fr" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">La face cachée des marques</a></strong> et sur une <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/fr/fiche-d'%C3%A9valuation" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">fiche d'évaluation</a></strong> étudiant les politiques des dix plus grandes entreprises agroalimentaires sur une série de problématiques vitales pour les petits agriculteurs, le <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/fr/probl%C3%A9matiques/climat" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">changement climatique</a></strong> en faisait partie, à juste titre.</p> <p>Nous avons étudié les politiques des entreprises sur le changement climatique sous deux angles, en prêtant attention à la façon dont elles agissent sur les causes et les conséquences du réchauffement climatique.</p> <ul><li>Tout d'abord, nous avons cherché à savoir si les principales entreprises <strong>œuvrent réellement contre les risques liés au changement climatique</strong> dans leurs chaînes d’approvisionnement et si elles soutiennent la résilience des petits agriculteurs confrontés aux impacts tels que les pénuries d'eau et les tempêtes.</li> <li>Ensuite, nous avons voulu savoir si ces entreprises œuvraient à <strong>réduire leurs émissions de gaz à effet de serre</strong>, notamment celles d'origine agricole. </li> </ul><p>La plupart de nos évaluations sont basées sur les rapports des entreprises établis selon le format de rapport du <strong><a href="https://www.cdproject.net/en-US/Pages/HomePage.aspx" target="_blank" title="CDP" rel="nofollow">CPD</a></strong> (anciennement Carbon Disclosure Project).</p> <p><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/fr-issues-climate.jpeg" target="_blank"></a></strong></p> <p><strong>Ce que nous avons découvert nous a surpris.</strong> Ce n’est pas parce qu'une entreprise a obtenu une bonne note dans un domaine (le renforcement de la résilience au changement climatique ou la réduction des émissions), qu'elle est exemplaire dans les autres domaines. <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/fr/brands/unilever/ben-and-jerrys" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Unilever</a></strong>, qui a obtenu une note de 74 % dans la fiche d'évaluation au sujet des émissions, <strong>n'en est qu'à 30 % en ce qui concerne ses politiques autour des risques climatiques et du renforcement de la résilience des petits agriculteurs</strong>. L'entreprise doit se concentrer sur la résilience tout autant qu'elle prête attention aux émissions, bien qu'elle puisse encore faire des progrès en la matière. L'échec d'Unilever à traiter des questions de la résilience souligne le triste état global des choses en ce qui concerne l'engagement des dix géants en matière de risques climatiques et des impacts auxquels sont confrontés les petits agriculteurs. Le score moyen de l'entreprise à ce sujet s'élevait à 25 %.</p> <p>En matière de politiques sur la résilience face au changement climatique, une entreprise, <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/fr/brands/nestle/kit-kat" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Nestlé</a></strong>, s'est plutôt bien débrouillée. Elle a obtenu un score de 83 % sur les éléments de résilience de sa fiche d'évaluation. Ceci est dû en grande partie au fait que les rapports CPD et autres politiques de l'entreprise mettent l'accent sur l'importance de s'attaquer aux conséquences des changements climatiques tels que les pénuries d'eau ou les conditions météorologiques imprévisibles. Il est toutefois à regretter que l'entreprise n'ait pas obtenu de si bons résultats en ce qui concerne les émissions de gaz à effet de serre. Dans ce domaine, globalement, Nestlé se situe dans la moyenne avec un score de 44 %. En revanche, en ce qui concerne ses politiques spécifiques en matière d'<strong>émissions de gaz à effet de serre d'origine agricole, son score chute bien en dessous de la moyenne, à 23 %</strong>.</p> <p>Mais ce qui nous a franchement le plus surpris et déçu, ce sont les <strong>politiques trop faibles de certaines entreprises en matière de changement climatique</strong> dans l'ensemble. <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/fr/brands/associated-british-foods/twinings" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Associated British Foods</a>, <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/fr/brands/general-mills/haagen-dazs" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">General Mills</a>, et <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/fr/brands/kelloggs/cornflakes" rel="nofollow">Kellogg’s</a> ont respectivement obtenu des notes de 3 %, 9 % et 12 % en matière de résilience</strong> face au changement climatique. Leurs scores en ce qui concerne leurs politiques sur les émissions de gaz à effet de serre d'origine agricole s'élevaient respectivement à 15 %, 0 % et 8 %. Ces entreprises sont clairement à la traîne lorsqu'il s'agit de s'attaquer aux causes et conséquences du changement climatique sur leurs chaînes d’approvisionnement.</p> <p>Elles doivent prendre conscience des effets de leurs agissements. Les populations les plus pauvres du monde pâtissent des politiques de ces entreprises. Cela doit changer !</p> <p><em>Cet article, traduit de l'anglais au français, a été publié initialement sur le blog d'<strong><a href="http://politicsofpoverty.oxfamamerica.org/2013/03/21/climate-change-behind-the-brands-its-no-magic-trick/" target="_blank" title=" It’s no magic trick" rel="nofollow">Oxfam Amérique</a></strong> (Etats-Unis) </em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Jour de la Terre 2013 : les grandes entreprises agroalimentaires en font-elles assez face au changement climatique ?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-04-22-earth-day-climate-change-behind-brands-its-no-magic-trick" title="Earth Day: Climate Change Behind the Brands - it’s no magic trick" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Mon, 22 Apr 2013 16:17:56 +0000 David Waskow 10285 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10285#comments Earth Day: Climate Change Behind the Brands - it’s no magic trick http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10284 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>To support <strong><a href="http://www.earthday.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Earth Day, 22 April </a></strong>we’re posting this analysis of how Big food companies must deal with the causes and the consequences of climate change.</em></p> <p>When I read headlines like this one last week, “<strong><a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-11/vietnam-coffee-harvest-may-drop-30-on-drought-vicofa-says-1-.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Vietnam Coffee Harvest May Drop 30% on Drought</a></strong>,” I’m left with the feeling that the tablecloth is being pulled out from under the dishes on the table.</p> <p>And it’s climate change that is doing the pulling.</p> <p>Food production is already being pummeled globally by increasingly-severe climate events and other climate impacts, with more on the way. Small-scale farmers in developing countries are bearing the brunt of the damage – all too often, the crops they depend on for their lives and livelihoods are directly in harm’s way.</p> <p>So when Oxfam began work on our new <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Behind the Brands</a></strong> initiative and a <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en-us/scorecard" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Scorecard </a>assessing the policies of the ten largest food and beverage companies on a range of issues that are vital for small-scale farmers</strong>, <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en-us/issues/climate" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">climate change</a></strong> was right in the mix.</p> <p>We examined company policies on climate change in two ways, looking at how they’re dealing with both the causes and the consequences of global warming. </p> <ul><li>First, we wanted to know whether these major companies are <strong>working to address climate change risks in their supply chains</strong> and if they are working to support the resilience of small-scale farmers in the face of impacts such as water scarcity and storms.  </li> <li>Second, we wanted to know whether the companies are <strong>working to cut emissions of the greenhouse gases</strong> that cause climate change, especially from agricultural sources.   (Much of our scoring is based on company reporting based on the CDP (formerly Carbon Disclosure Project) reporting format.)</li> </ul><p><strong>What we discovered surprised us. </strong> Just because a company did well in one area – building climate resilience or reducing emissions –didn’t mean it did well in the other.  <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en-us/brands/unilever/ben-and-jerrys" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Unilever</a></strong>, which scored 74% on the scorecard elements about emissions, <strong>scored only 30% in terms of its policies about climate risks</strong> and building the resilience of small-scale farmers.  The company needs to bring its focus on resilience up to its focus on emissions, which itself can still improve.  Unilever’s failure to address  resilience represents the overall dismal state of affairs when it comes to the ten companies’ engagement on climate risks and the impacts that small-scale farmers face. The average company score on this was 25%.</p> <p>One company, <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en-us/brands/nestle/kit-kat" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Nestle</a></strong>, did quite well with its policies on climate resilience.  Nestle scored 83% on the resilience elements of the scorecard, largely because the company’s CDP reports and other policies highlight the importance of addressing climate impacts such as water shortages and volatile weather patterns.  Sadly, however, the company didn’t do so well when it comes to emissions.  Nestle has only average policies on emissions, with a score of 44%, and a <strong>below-average score at 23% for its policies specifically on agricultural sources of emissions</strong>.</p> <p>But, frankly, what surprised and disappointed us the most was that some companies had <strong>weak policies on climate change</strong> across the board.  <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en-us/brands/associated-british-foods/mazola" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Associated British Foods</a>, <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en-us/brands/general-mills/betty-crocker" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">General Mills</a>, and <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en-us/brands/kelloggs/cornflakes" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Kellogg’s</a> each scored 3%, 9%, and 12%, respectively, on climate resilience</strong>.  And the same three companies scored 15%, 0%, and 8%, respectively, when it comes to those companies’ policies on emissions from agricultural sources.  These companies are the real laggards on addressing the causes and consequences of climate change in their supply chains.</p> <p>They need to realize that the table cloth is being swiftly pulled out from under them and that our food and drinks—and the lives of the poorest around the world—will surely come crashing down as a result.<em></em></p> <p><em>Originally published by <a href="http://www.oxfamamerica.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam America</strong></a></em><a href="http://www.oxfamamerica.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong></strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Earth Day: Climate Change Behind the Brands - it’s no magic trick</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-04-22-jour-de-la-terre-2013-les-grandes-entreprises-agroalimentaires-en-font-elles-assez-fa" title="Jour de la Terre 2013 : les grandes entreprises agroalimentaires en font-elles assez face au changement climatique ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 22 Apr 2013 11:18:08 +0000 David Waskow 10284 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10284#comments