Oxfam International Blogs - security http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/tags/security es How to end the male monopoly on peace: More seats at the table for women http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/81264 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Whether targeted by perpetrators of sexual violence, oppressed by ideological extremists, or uniquely threatened by the bombing of hospital maternity units, women often bear the brunt of conflicts. Yet when it comes to peace negotiations, women too often don’t have a seat at the table. The continuing reality that men, particularly armed men, enjoy an almost exclusive role in peace processes defies both logic and evidence.</p> <p>It is now 17 years since <a href="https://www.usip.org/gender_peacebuilding/about_UNSCR_1325">UN resolution 1325</a> was adopted – the first Security Council resolution to establish the so-called women, peace and security agenda, which aims to uphold women’s rights in war and roles in peace.</p> <p>Ahead of the Open Debate on Peace and Security at the UN, it is the time reflect and double down both on what promises are left unfilled, as well as what progress has been made – there are examples of both</p> <p>There have been some <a href="http://www.womenpeacesecurity.org/our-work/monitoring-analysis/">positive signs of headway</a>, as seven subsequent UN Security Council resolutions have helped strengthen policies and norms worldwide over the past decade. Almost 70 countries have national action plans to put women, peace and security aims into practice.</p> <h3>Signs for hope</h3> <p>This year, renewed peacekeeping and peace enforcement mandates for Western Sahara, Sudan and Somalia included new language on the importance of women’s participation. Hopefully this trend will continue with South Sudan’s peacekeeping mandate renewal just around the corner.</p> <p>And just weeks ago, the <a href="https://foreignaffairs.house.gov/press-release/house-passes-women-peace-security-act/">US Congress passed</a> the <a href="https://www.cfr.org/blog/three-things-know-women-peace-and-security-act-2017">Women, Peace and Security Act</a>. Among other aims, the act makes it US policy to promote the meaningful participation of women in efforts to address conflict overseas. But crucial gaps remain – not least, the routine exclusion of women from peace processes.</p> <p>Why does this matter? Because women missing from peace talks means world leaders are missing opportunities to save countless lives and stabilize an increasingly fractured world.</p> <p>Analysis of various conflicts and peace processes worldwide shows that when women able to bring crucial perspectives and experiences from civil society and local communities, the chances of peace agreements being reached and sustained rises dramatically.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr" xml:lang="en">391 organizations want to hear concrete commitments from UN member states on how they support women’s organizations <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/genderequality?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#genderequality</a> <a href="https://t.co/1pTh3MRgLu">pic.twitter.com/1pTh3MRgLu</a></p> <p>— NGOWG on WPS (@ngowgwps) <a href="https://twitter.com/ngowgwps/status/920046534812688384?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">October 16, 2017</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Women's crucial role in peace</h3> <p>Worldwide, women already play crucial roles in resolving disputes in their families and communities, and identifying challenges and solutions that influence social cohesion and stability. Tapping into that experience and expertise, a peace that reflects the needs and aspirations of the whole population, benefits everyone, male and female, and is more likely to last.</p> <p>That simple logic should drive a paradigm shift in international diplomacy to prevent and resolve conflicts. Wars not only take and destroy lives. It is estimated that the total monetary cost of violence and conflict around the world was $13.6 trillion in 2015.</p> <h3>No more excuses, support women's participation</h3> <p>But instead, we hear excuses. Time and time again, key members of the UN Security Council stubbornly stick to strategies that not only struggle to resolve conflicts but offer only hollow rhetoric about supporting women’s participation.</p> <p>All speak loudly in favor of women’s rights and role inside the UN Security Council chamber, but for the rest of the year leading governments routinely prioritize other interests when it comes to international diplomacy. The standard group photograph of male delegates at any of the major peace talks on Syria or Yemen gives us a damning snapshot of just how far we still have to go.</p> <p>When the <a href="https://www.un.org/press/en/2015/sc12076.doc.htm">US Security Council Resolution 2242</a> was adopted, mandating the UN to double its female police representation and reaffirming support for women in civil society, it enjoyed historic support. Unfortunately, in the time since, there has been very little action to back it up.</p> <p>Friday’s Security Council annual debate will be a chance to reflect on the advances and challenges that have emerged since the adoption of Resolution 2242 and for members to recommit to back up their words with actions.</p> <h3>The UN Security Council could work for women</h3> <p>Several key areas of UN reform would also help: improving the number of women in senior UN positions, including in conflict missions, strengthening gender capacity in peacekeeping missions and assessments, and drastically increasing funding and other support for local women’s organizations.</p> <p>Addressing these specifics will signal progress, but above all, we need a radical shift in mindsets and priorities to accelerate progress, with support for both the quantity and quality of women’s involvement in peace processes and political decision-making a key objective.</p> <p>In a world seemingly frayed by growing divisions, with conflicts on the rise and record numbers of people forced from their homes, the continued male monopoly on resolving and preventing conflicts is not just anachronistic – it is a danger to us all.</p> <p><em>This entry posted by Shaheen Chugtai, Oxfam’s Global Women, Peace and Security Policy Lead, on 26 October 2017. A version of this blog originally published by <a href="http://www.ipsnews.net/2017/10/ending-male-monopoly-peace-women-still-need-seats-table/">IPS News</a>.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Tika Darlami (45) participates in a meeting of the 'Nari Utthan' (translation: women ascending) Community Discussion Class. Seraghari Village, Nepal. Credit: Aubrey Wade/Oxfam</em></p> <p><a href="http://www.womenpeacesecurity.org/resource/open-letter-unsc-wps-anniversary-october-2017/"><strong>Read the Open Letter to Permanent Representatives to the UN: Recommendations on the Security Council Open Debate on Women, Peace and Security (WPS)</strong></a></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>How to end the male monopoly on peace: More seats at the table for women</h2></div> Thu, 26 Oct 2017 10:51:03 +0000 Shaheen Chughtai 81264 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/81264#comments Security in northern Mali http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10660 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>As soon as the plane lands  in Gao, I see the first signs of <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/mali-crisis" rel="nofollow">fighting in Mali</a></strong>. Little is left of what was once an international airport. The waiting rooms are marked with bullet holes. Windows have  been blown out of their frames. The road between Bamako and Gao is still not secure enough to travel, and we have to use a UN flight.</p> <p>Gao is hot, dusty and poor, very poor. Desolate even! The fighting in Mali has destroyed the little infrastructure the town had. Hospitals can still barely cope with the people’s needs. Many schools are still closed. And although security in Gao is much better than in the villages across the north, missile attacks happen regularly and explosives can be found on the roadsides. </p> <h3>Women allowed to leave the house again</h3> <p>I talked about security with a women’s association Oxfam is supporting with programs on improving food security and women’s rights, together with our partner Union pour un avenir écologique et solidaire (UAVES). In northern Mali about 1.5 million people are in urgent need of assistance. Mali’s food crisis, the result of drought and lack of suitable land, has been aggravated by the fighting. Many people fled the jihadists last year, and as a result farmland remains uncultivated.</p> <p>Besides, it’s mainly women who till the land, and it’s women that the extremist jihadists ordered to stay at home and prevented from working the land. The vegetable gardens we’re visiting today, belong to women whom UAVES is teaching how to work the land. 36 women each have their own plot on a hectare of land to grow vegetables on. They tell me that they use a little over half the harvest for their own consumption and sell the rest on the market.</p> <p>Zali Mahana is a mother of five. She talks about the crisis: ‘When the jihadists occupied Gao, we weren’t allowed on the streets. That lasted for about 10 months. Now we can work again and grow vegetables on our own plot of land. The money we make on the market, we use  to buy flour and oil, for instance.’</p> <blockquote><p>Vrouwen in Goa maken zich grote zorgen.Veel scholen dicht. Vanwege droogte en gevechten grote voedsel tekorten. <a href="http://t.co/WXoNFcA6Da" rel="nofollow">pic.twitter.com/WXoNFcA6Da</a></p> <p>— Farah Karimi (@Farah_Karimi) <a href="https://twitter.com/Farah_Karimi/statuses/454036382680612864" rel="nofollow">abril 9, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <h3>Sexual violence</h3> <p>Unfortunately Zali and the other women I talked with face another problem. Girls and young women are often the victim of sexual abuse from the soldiers there, including from UN troops. Women’s organizations warn them about this on the local radio. Both before and after the crisis there were daily reports of rape in northern Mali. Every time I hear these stories I get angry. It doesn’t matter for what cause men fight, each and every time it’s the women who are raped and humiliated during conflicts and wars. I’m glad that my colleagues in Gao are paying a lot of attention to this issue. Yet I’ve heard so many similar stories over time that I wonder if it’ll ever stop and what else we can do to end all forms of violence against women worldwide.</p> <h3>Wounded town</h3> <p>In every conversation with local organizations, mayors and other local government representatives, security is a recurring theme. Gao’s governor, who gives me a friendly welcome, says: ‘Your visit to a town that still isn’t secure, shows that Mali really matters to you. During the crisis there was total anarchy  in the region. We are now trying to deliver basic services to the citizens. We’ve already done a lot to improve security. Many people who had fled the town have now returned. But in the villages too security must improve. And on the roads.’</p> <p>For an ordinary town, with few resources, the situation in Gao is fragile, and when resources are lacking and donor countries are not providing sufficient support, the prospects are not very bright, especially for young people.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/mali-crisis" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Support Oxfam's humanitarian response to the crisis in Mali</a></strong> <strong>Read the blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-12-20-what-will-it-take-end-violence-against-women-and-girls">What will it take to end violence against women and girls?</a></strong> Read the blog: <a href="http://oxf.am/qS4" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Reconciliation on the agenda in Mali</a></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Security in northern Mali</h2></div> Thu, 24 Apr 2014 10:37:26 +0000 Farah Karimi 10660 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10660#comments 3 facts about Israeli settlements and their impact on Palestinians in the Jordan Valley http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9959 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>The Jordan Valley, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, has the potential to be the breadbasket of any future Palestinian state. However, the persistent expansion of Israeli settlements and other restrictions on Palestinian development have made life extremely difficult for Palestinian communities.</strong></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/jordan-valley-6percent.png" target="_blank" title="Infographic - Occupied Palestinian Territory - Jordan Valley - Land use"></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/jordan-valley-demolitions2.png" target="_blank" title="Infographic - Occupied Palestinian Territory - Jordan Valley - Demolitions"></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/jordan-valley-displacement.png" target="_blank" title="Infographic - Occupied Palestinian Territory - Jordan Valley - Displaced people"></a></p> <h3>Related links</h3> <p><strong>Photo gallery: </strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/gaza/palestinian-communities-coping-jordan-valley-photos" title="How Palestinian communities are coping in the Jordan Valley - photos" rel="nofollow">How Palestinian communities are coping in the Jordan Valley</a></p> <p><strong>Report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/israel-palestine-on-the-brink" title="On the Brink Israeli settlements and their impact on Palestinians in the Jordan Valley" rel="nofollow">On the Brink: Israeli settlements and their impact on Palestinians in the Jordan Valley</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>3 facts about Israeli settlements and their impact on Palestinians in the Jordan Valley</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/12-08-28-en-imagenes-los-asentamientos-isralies-y-su-impacto-en-la-vida-de-la-poblacion-palestina" title="En imágenes - Los asentamientos isralíes y su impacto en la vida de la población palestina" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/12-08-29-3-faits-sur-colonies-israeliennes-impact-sur-palestiniens-vallee-jourdain" title="Trois faits sur les colonies israéliennes et leur impact sur les Palestiniens dans la vallée du Jourdain" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 29 Aug 2012 10:15:07 +0000 Willow Heske 9959 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9959#comments Trois faits sur les colonies israéliennes et leur impact sur les Palestiniens dans la vallée du Jourdain http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9961 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>La vallée du Jourdain, en Territoire palestinien occupé, dispose du potentiel pour devenir le grenier d'un futur Etat palestinien. Mais </strong>l'expansion permanente des colonies israéliennes, ainsi que d'autres restrictions freinant le développement des communautés palestiniennes rend la vie de ces dernières extrêmement difficile.</p> <p>Les infographies ci-dessous illustrent les difficultés et restrictions qui pèsent sur les Palestiniens en matière de construction et d’accès à l’eau et à la terre.</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/Land-FR-1000.png" target="_blank" title="Infographie - Territoire palestinien occupé - Vallée du Jourdain - Utilisation des terres"></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/demolitions2FR.png" target="_blank" title="Infographie - Territoire palestinien occupé - Vallée du Jourdain - démolitions"></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/deplacementFR.png" target="_blank" title="Infographie - Territoire palestinien occupé - Vallée du Jourdain - Déplacés"></a></p> <h3>En savoir plus</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/emergencies/gaza/quotidien-palestiniens-colonies-israeliennes-vallee-jourdain-photos" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a><strong>Photos : <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/emergencies/gaza/quotidien-palestiniens-colonies-israeliennes-vallee-jourdain-photos" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Le quotidien des communautés palestiniennes dans la vallée du Jourdain</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Rapport : <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/policy/bord-gouffre-colonies-israeliennes-impact-palestiniens-vallee-jourdain" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Au bord du gouffre : les colonies israéliennes et leur impact sur les Palestiniens dans la vallée du Jourdain</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Trois faits sur les colonies israéliennes et leur impact sur les Palestiniens dans la vallée du Jourdain</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/12-08-28-en-imagenes-los-asentamientos-isralies-y-su-impacto-en-la-vida-de-la-poblacion-palestina" title="En imágenes - Los asentamientos isralíes y su impacto en la vida de la población palestina" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_en last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/12-08-29-3-facts-israeli-settlements-impact-palestinians-jordan-valley" title="3 facts about Israeli settlements and their impact on Palestinians in the Jordan Valley" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Tue, 28 Aug 2012 23:00:00 +0000 Willow Heske 9961 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9961#comments Protecting women in conflict http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9928 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>27 activists, international development professionals, and academics met in The Hague on 4 June for </strong><strong>the third annual Women Peace and Security Global Training</strong><strong>.</strong></p> <p>This two week training focused on several subject areas to enable participants to:</p> <ul><li>Lobby, at various levels, for the effective implementation of the <a href="http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/issues/women/wps.shtml" rel="nofollow"><strong>Security Council Resolutions</strong></a> that seek to</li> <ul><li>protect women in conflict,</li> <li>promote participation of women in all phases of peace processes,</li> </ul><li>Take measures to prevent and address impunity for sexual violence [prevent sexual violence and have perpetrators prosecuted].</li> </ul><p>Farah Karimi, the Executive Director of Oxfam Novib, opened the training with a reflection on the relevance of this work for Oxfam: as an organization <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/why" rel="nofollow">guided by a rights based approach</a></strong> working in many countries affected by conflict, it is crucial to support initiatives and to facilitate learning and networking in order to successfully implement the Security Council resolutions. Although the Security Council Resolutions are high on the women’s rights agenda [what does that mean? whose agenda?] as a result of lobby and advocacy work on the part of women’s movements, implementation still depends on pressure from civil society and women’s organizations.</p> <p><strong>This training on women, peace and security comes at a critical time.</strong> To achieve justice, laws and treaties must be upheld and perpetrators must be prosecuted; but traditional justice mechanisms and reconciliation efforts can also play a critical role if and when women are active participants, and gender inequalities are not perpetuated through the implementation of those mechanisms.</p> <p>For example, in Northern Uganda, as a result of the peace agreement, the “Peace, Recovery and Development Plan for Northern Uganda” program was launched. But the program has not been able to reach those communities in need. Many women affected by the conflict (particularly due to sexualized violence) <strong><a href="http://www.witness.org/videos/no-longer-silent" rel="nofollow">have not been able to receive livelihood and psychosocial support</a></strong>. Sexualized violence targeting men, too, is also a widespread problem; too often it is denied or ignored due to harmful gender norms and expectations.</p> <h3>Diverse perspectives</h3> <p>The first week of the training offered courses on:</p> <ul><li>The Security Council resolutions,</li> <li>The nexus of conflict and gender, and</li> <li>Human rights frameworks, including the <strong><a href="http://untreaty.un.org/cod/icc/statute/romefra.htm" rel="nofollow">Rome Statute</a></strong> and the monitoring mechanisms of the <strong><a href="http://www.icc-cpi.int/" rel="nofollow">International Criminal Court</a></strong> (ICC) and <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/" rel="nofollow">Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women</a></strong> (CEDAW).</li> </ul><p>Among the presenters were Professor Flinterman, who spoke about his personal experience working on the CEDAW Commission, and Kate Orlovsky, from the Women’s Initiatives for Gender Justice (WIGJ).</p> <p>These presentations contributed to rich debates among the diverse perspectives, whose complex professional and personal realities shaped the real world implications of the discourse:</p> <ul><li><strong>Those working for international organizations</strong>, often as lawyers, were able to learn about realities facing those who live and work in conflict areas from women’s groups and other civil society organization participants.</li> <li><strong>Participants working at the grassroots level</strong> were able to learn about the role and limits of the international justice system, and the impact of local and national initiatives.</li> </ul><p>Participants, who represented 22 nationalities, shared experiences from Myanmar, Sudan, Uganda, DRC, Burundi, Pakistan, Zimbabwe, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Indonesia. Questions around how to address impunity, challenging the lack of political will, and changing discriminatory attitudes and beliefs were evident as common themes throughout the presentations.</p> <p>News stories related to women and conflict tend to be dominated by the trope of ‘women as victims’ and ‘women as vulnerable people.’ But women also play critical roles in lobbying, organizing movements, and campaigning for change in conflict and post-conflict states, despite often immense obstacles to their participation at every level. During the training, we have heard moments of despair mixed with celebrated positive developments. At the close of the first week of the workshop, participants concluded that mutual support, shared learning and networking is crucial to long lasting and transformative change.</p> <p>So what next -- what's your experience with women, peace and creating security?<em></em></p> <p><em>The trainings were organized by <a href="http://www.oxfamnovib.nl/" rel="nofollow">Oxfam Novib</a> in partnership with the <a href="http://law.leiden.edu/organisation/publiclaw/publicinternationallaw/" rel="nofollow">International Law School of Leiden University</a> (The Hague Campus) as part of their academic summer school courses, the <a href="http://www.iccwomen.org/" rel="nofollow">Women’s Initiatives for Gender Justice</a>, the <a href="http://www.minbuza.nl/en" rel="nofollow">Dutch Ministry for Foreign Affairs</a>, and foreign policy think tank <a href="http://www.clingendael.nl/about/" rel="nofollow">Clingendael</a>.</em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Protecting women in conflict</h2></div> Mon, 06 Aug 2012 14:30:42 +0000 Liesbeth van der Hoogte 9928 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9928#comments Summer school on women, peace and security: Apply now! http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9817 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>After two successful summer school sessions in 2010 and 2011, Oxfam Novib once again organizes a summer school on Women, Peace and Security in The Hague, the Netherlands this year.</strong> </p> <p>The summer school is organized in cooperation with the  <strong><a href="http://www.grotiuscentre.org/SummerSchoolWomenPeaceSecurity.aspx" target="_blank" title="Summer School on Women, Peace and Security Deadline for scholarship application is 8 April 2012 see link to the application form under the section registration." rel="nofollow">Grotius Centre for International Law</a></strong>  (Leiden University), Oxfam Novib partner <strong><a href="http://www.iccwomen.org/" target="_blank" title="The Women’s Initiatives for Gender Justice is an international women’s human rights organisation that advocates for gender justice through the International Criminal Court (ICC) and through domestic mechanisms" rel="nofollow">Women’s Initiative for Gender Justice</a></strong>, foreign policy think tank <strong><a href="http://www.clingendael.nl/about/" target="_blank" title="The Netherlands Institute of International Relations “Clingendael”" rel="nofollow">Clingendael</a></strong> and the <strong><a href="http://www.minbuza.nl/en" target="_blank" title="Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands" rel="nofollow">Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs</a></strong>. It will take place on <strong>June 4-5th, 2012</strong>.</p> <h3>The application procedure is open now</h3> <p>The summer school on Women, Peace and Security targets women and men who seek to include women in active (political) participation and peace building efforts. The main objective of the training is to strengthen individual women, men and their organizations to enable more inclusive and effective peace building, and to facilitate networking. Individuals from conflict-affected areas, staff from organizations advocating for the implementation of a women, peace and security agenda, and those from other inclusive conflict transformation efforts are welcome to participate. </p> <p><strong>The training will consist of five modules: </strong></p> <ol><li>Explanation of concepts about conflict, conflict transformation and prevention; </li> <li>Knowledge building around relevant United Nations Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security and international Human Rights framework and mechanisms to demand these rights.</li> <li>Sharing, analysis and discussion of obstacles, successes, dilemmas and challenges to include women in active (political) participation and peace building, based on the experiences of the participants. </li> <li>Training module on tools and skills for communication and negotiation and advocacy.</li> <li>Debate with external stakeholders to understand different roles, discuss dilemmas and facilitate networking. </li> </ol><p>For more information and the draft program, please visit the page dedicated to the <strong><a href="http://www.grotiuscentre.org/SummerSchoolWomenPeaceSecurity.aspx" target="_blank" title="Summer School on Women, Peace and Security Deadline for scholarship application is 8 April 2012 see link to the application form under the section registration." rel="nofollow">Summer School on Women, Peace and Security</a></strong>, on the Grotius Centre's website.  </p> <p>For those in need of financial support, a limited number of scholarships are available - you must apply by <strong>9 April</strong> for these. The<strong> general deadline for applications is 20 April.</strong> You can register online: <strong><a href="http://www.grotiuscentre.org/SummerSchoolWomenPeaceSecurity.aspx#Registration" target="_blank" title="For registration for the Summer School on Women, Peace and Security, please fill out the registration form " rel="nofollow">registration for the Summer School on Women, Peace and Security</a></strong>.</p> <p><em>For questions please contact Liesbeth van der Hoogte, conflict advisor at Oxfam Novib (<a href="mailto:liesbeth.van.der.hoogte@oxfamnovib.nl">liesbeth.van.der.hoogte@oxfamnovib.nl</a>).</em> </p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><strong>Oxfam's campaign on <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/conflict" target="_blank" title="Conflicts and disasters - Oxfam" rel="nofollow">Conflicts and disasters</a> </strong></p> <p><strong>Issues Oxfam works on: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/issues/gender" target="_blank" title="Gender Justice - Oxfam" rel="nofollow">Gender justice</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Summer school on women, peace and security: Apply now!</h2></div> Fri, 06 Apr 2012 00:00:00 +0000 Liesbeth van der Hoogte 9817 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9817#comments DRC: Trying to build security where fear prevails http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9926 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Eastern Congo is supposed to be at peace. But life for civilians in Mweso health zone, Masisi territory, North Kivu, is anything but peaceful.</strong></p> <p>Although <strong><a href="http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5j-U_1NZdVdXyssb9DPt47IHx7j7Q" rel="nofollow">a peace agreement was signed</a></strong> three years ago, ongoing instability, violence, a worsening humanitarian situation and festering ethnic tensions continue to make life precarious for civilians.</p> <p>The lush, green fertile valleys, punctuated by farmed land that resembles neat patchwork quilts, are stunningly beautiful. But life here, where Oxfam operates public health and protection programs, funded by Irish Aid and a multi-donor UN fund, is no rural idyll.</p> <p><strong>In Mweso, where Oxfam has a field base, local staff briefed me on the complexities of the area.</strong> Political rivalries, geo-politics and migrants from neighboring Rwanda, many of whom have long-established family links in Congo, military abuses, a proliferation of militia groups, land grabbing, informal “taxes” demanded by militia on the roads and pervasive violence added up to a lethal cocktail and meant that daily life for people here was a constant struggle.</p> <h3>Mpati camp: Training for protection committees</h3> Mpati camp, housing thousands of displaced people, is close to a frontline where military clashes continue. <p><strong>Another three-hour journey</strong>, through yet more breathtakingly beautiful scenery along roads edged with young children waving and shouting out as our cars pass, takes us to Mpati, where Oxfam is carrying out training workshops.</p> <p><strong>The tension in the air is palpable.</strong> I’m warned to be extremely careful before taking any photographs or video. Mpati, a camp housing thousands of displaced people, as well as returnees and a settled community, is one of the most sensitive locations in which we work. Soldiers, nursing their AK47s, keep a watchful eye over everything.</p> <p>Not so far from here, in hills across the valley, is a frontline, where military clashes continue.</p> <p>Oxfam staff are holding training sessions with local community volunteers and women's groups. They include members of local volunteer protection committees, set up with the help of Oxfam. Their role is to try to help spread awareness in the community about people’s basic rights; support victims of violence to get access to services and lobby the local authorities for action to respond to abuses. No easy task in a place where people live in fear.</p> The training sessions address issues of sexual and gender based violence, HIV and AIDS. <p><strong>The sessions I attend address issues of sexual and gender based violence, HIV and AIDS</strong>, which are almost-daily challenges facing communities here. There’s also discussion about land conflict and unofficial checkpoints, where many are forced to pay a “fee”, forced labor and arbitrary arrest. Participants think about what they might be able to do about these issues – but when they look at the risks, only the smallest and safest actions are possible.</p> <p>One morning I visit a site where Oxfam has installed a safe water source point, making it easier for people to collect clean drinking water. All water points have been carefully planned, with the input of local protection committees, I learned, so that there were multiple exit points for people, mostly women, collecting water if they came under attack.</p> <h3>Some positive changes, but an atmosphere of repression remains</h3> <p><strong>In town, I met Kanyere</strong> – not her real name – a member of the local protection committee. The fresh-faced teenager said she had joined because she’d wanted to help make life safer for her family and her community.</p> <p>She told me that, since Oxfam began working in the camp, there had been positive changes. Since awareness training had been carried out in the community, she said, people’s behavior had begun to slowly change.</p> <p>But such is the atmosphere of control and repression here that I later learned Kanyere had been questioned by officials about her conversation with a foreigner.</p> <p><strong>Clearly, there's a long way to go before people feel that security is more than just a word here.</strong> Our protection work is helping, but it’s not a quick or easy fix.</p> <p>Yet, as Fred Delva, Oxfam’s protection manager in Mweso told me, through training different groups in the community, providing spaces where people can exchange views, we were hoping to plant a seed that, hopefully, will continue to grow and bear fruit to nourish the community.</p> <p><em>All photos Caroline Gluck/Oxfam.</em></p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/development/democratic-republic-congo" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's work in the Democratic Republic of the Congo</a></strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/development/democratic-republic-congo" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <p><strong><a href="http://drcmusic.org/" rel="nofollow">DRCMusic.org charity album</a>: listen &amp; buy, proceeds benefit Oxfam</strong></p> <p><strong>Oxfam survey: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/we-are-entirely-exploitable-drc-civilians-protection" rel="nofollow">‘We are entirely exploitable’: The lack of protection for civilians in eastern DRC</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>DRC: Trying to build security where fear prevails</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/12-04-16-rdc-congo-instaurer-securite-regne-peur" title="R.D. Congo : instaurer la sécurité là où règne la peur" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 26 Mar 2012 13:26:29 +0000 Caroline Gluck 9926 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9926#comments South Sudan: Oxfam improves access to water in remote communities http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9255 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>“I used to fight. If I hadn't fought, my family would have had nothing to drink”</strong>, said Arek Mondeng, a 13-year old girl from southern Sudan when asked about her experience in fetching water from other villages. </p> <p>Her village in Toch West, <strong><a href="http://maps.google.es/maps?f=q&amp;source=s_q&amp;hl=en&amp;geocode=&amp;q=Gogrial,+Sudan&amp;sll=8.532216,28.10631&amp;sspn=8.011676,11.195068&amp;ie=UTF8&amp;hq=&amp;hnear=Gogrial,+Western+Bahr+el+Ghazal,+Sudan&amp;ll=8.532216,28.10631&amp;spn=31.670351,44.780273&amp;z=5" rel="nofollow">Gogrial East</a></strong>, Warrap State is located in a forested area where access to potable water is a problem. When the only hand pump in her community was broken, people collected water from other villages, which are more than an hour travel.</p> <p><strong>Local residents, mostly women and girls like Arek, </strong>used to fight because everyone wanted to fetch first from a single hand pump<strong>.</strong> Host communities usually prefer to serve first their members before the people from other villages can get water. This situation warmed the atmosphere in the water points, which inevitably resulted to women rumbling each other. </p> <p>“Today, I do not need to fight just to get water for my family. The hand pump in our community is already repaired. I can attend school classes regularly,” says Arek. The hand pump in Chur village is one of the 14 repaired hand humps from the list of 64 hand pumps in at least 60 remote communities to be repaired by the Oxfam's Water and Sanitation team.</p> <p>In the village of Jarmou in Toch East, women had no option when their hand pump was damaged but to fetch water from the ponds and river, which are often contaminated by flood water. The mothers reported that their children often got diarrhea when they collected water from these sources.</p> <p>Aside from the torment of walking very far distances, catching diarrhea, and fighting at water points, <strong>women face dangers along the bush in quest for a drinking water.</strong> Both women and girls, who are traditionally responsible for collecting water, are afraid of their security traveling in the forest.</p> <p>Awut Majok, a mother of 6 children said that she feels happy being a member of the water management committee in her village in Jarmou. “Through our training, we can sustain our hand pump and we will manage to repair it when damaged”, disclosed Awut.</p> <p>“<strong>Most of the water management committees at village level</strong> are no longer functional. We are reactivating these structures and we give them necessary skills training for them to manage and sustain water points,” said Evarest Ochola, Oxfam Water and Sanitation Officer. </p> <p>According to Evarest, aside from the repair of the existing hand pumps, Oxfam is targeting to drill 15 hand pumps in vulnerable villages. Oxfam is working closely with the Rural Water Supply &amp; Sanitation Department (RWSSD) of the government to address the issues on water access.</p> <p>Oliver Mou, the County Director of the RWSSD expressed that Oxfam intervention on water is of great help to the department in addressing the gaps and issues on access to water. He believes that gradually, water-related problems will soon be addressed especially that NGOs and government agencies are having good collaboration and complementation of activities.</p> <p>During her field visit to the project sites, Oxfam Country Director for South Sudan Sara Karimbhoy appreciated the efforts of the water and sanitation staff in accessing remote communities to bring potable water closer to the people. According to her, water is a basic element to maintain health and improve people’s living condition.</p> <p><em>Originally published by <a href="http://www.intermonoxfam.org/es/page.asp?id=1" rel="nofollow">Intermon Oxfam</a> (Spain).</em></p> <p><strong> <h3>Read more</h3> <p></p></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/issues/natural-resources" rel="nofollow">Issues we work on: access to natural resources</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/darfur-chad" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's humanitarian work in the Darfur/Chad crisis</a></strong></p> <p> </p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>South Sudan: Oxfam improves access to water in remote communities</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/10-09-28-agua-potable-para-las-comunidades-remotas-del-sur-de-sudan" title="Agua potable para las comunidades remotas del sur de Sudán" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Wed, 29 Sep 2010 10:00:27 +0000 Abdullah Ampilan 9255 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9255#comments Are the G8 leaders lost? http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9140 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>The Oxfam team had an early start today as we left the Highwayman Inn in Orillia, Ontario and travelled to Huntsville in the wee hours of the morning to set up our second Big Head stunt for the G8 Summits. Although we were right on track, it seemed as though The Big heads had lost their way.  </p> <p>They had reached a crossroad and were facing a tough decision: <strong>Will they exhibit leadership and mark this G8 Summit as a turning point in the fight against poverty, or will they just be lost tourists, stumbling around in Canada’s cottage country?</strong></p> <p></p> <p>In an attempt to reach a consensus, the Big Heads gathered around a map trying to figure out how they should lead the negotiations. Prime Minister Harper was convinced that sticking with the current path was the best choice, while Chancellor Merkel and President Obama wavered about changing course. </p> <p><strong>Let’s help the G8 leaders find their way.</strong> While the G8 negotiate our future, <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressrelease/2010-06-24/bounced-checks-undermine-g8-credibility" rel="nofollow">they know that a billion people will go to bed hungry tonight, up from 800 million two years ago</a>.</strong> Furthermore, an extreme situation is facing West Africa today, where more than <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/west-africa-food-crisis" rel="nofollow">10 million people are facing severe hunger and malnutrition</a></strong> because of drought, poor harvests and rising food prices. </p> <p>We cannot afford to endorse a business as usual scenario and must make the choice clear to our leaders. <strong>Last year, the G8 promised $22 billion over three years to fight food insecurity</strong>. However, the G8 must be floundering as that money has yet to materialize.  Let’s make sure they find their way in 2010. </p> <h3>Act now</h3> <p><strong>Watch the full slideshow: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/sets/72157624358696190/" rel="nofollow">Lost tourists, or powerful leaders?: Oxfam's Big Heads at the G8, Hunstville, Canada </a> </strong></p> <p><strong>Join our demand that world leaders keep their promises</strong><strong>: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/health-education/pledge" rel="nofollow">Sign the </a></strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/campaigns/health-education/pledge" rel="nofollow"><strong>Health &amp; Education For All Pledge</strong></a></p> <p> <strong> </strong><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/future" rel="nofollow">All the latest blogs, videos, photos and tweets from Oxfam at G8/G20 Summits</a></strong></p> <p> </p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Are the G8 leaders lost?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/10-06-26-les-dirigeants-du-g8-sont-ils-perdus" title="Les dirigeants du G8 sont-ils perdus?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/10-06-26-se-han-perdido-los-lideres-del-g8" title="¿Se han perdido los líderes del G8?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Sat, 26 Jun 2010 10:05:04 +0000 Frida Eklund 9140 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/9140#comments Flying kites for Afghanistan http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/8753 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Today is the start of an important week for the people in Afghanistan. While foreign ministers and diplomats are arriving in The Hague to attend an <a href="http://www.unric.org/index.php?option=com_content&amp;task=view&amp;id=22916&amp;Itemid=42" rel="nofollow"><strong>international conference </strong></a>to discuss the future of Afghanistan, many Afghan civilians feel vulnerable and say that their situation has worsened over the past years. It seems that at the moment it is the interests of foreign states that are at the forefront but this conference won’t achieve much unless it puts the future of the Afghans at the center of its agenda.</p> <p>It is now widely accepted that there is no military solution to the problems facing <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/afghanistan" rel="nofollow">Afghanistan</a></strong>, and many have called for a change in the strategy of the international community. Afghanistan is at a critical juncture as it faces presidential and provincial elections while the lives and livelihoods of millions of Afghans and the future stability of the country and the wider region are at stake.</p> <p>At the time of the international intervention in 2001, Afghanistan had been through more than two decades of conflict and upheaval which had devastated its institutions and infrastructure. Yet the international community has failed to provide sufficient resources for the country’s reconstruction, and a great deal of foreign assistance has been wasteful and disorganized. <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/news/2008/pr080228_peacebuilding_needed_in_afghanistan" rel="nofollow"><strong>The security situation has got steadily worse</strong></a>, resulting in the deaths of thousands of Afghan civilians and depriving many in the south and south-east of access to essential services, such as healthcare and education. Nearly one third of the population is food insecure, and the health of over a million young children and half a million women is at serious risk due to malnutrition. </p> <p>In 2006 after the fall of the Taliban, the international community and the Afghan government signed the Afghanistan Compact in which they promised to rebuild the country, promote development and overcome the legacy of conflict. This pledge must not be forgotten.</p> <p>In a few hours we will be standing on the beach of Scheveningen, not far from the venue of the Afghanistan conference. The air will be filled with kites, a symbol of freedom and joy for many Afghans. Together with Afghan communities and representatives we will send a message to all ministers and diplomats attending the conference. We will remind them that Afghan civilians should be at the center of tomorrow’s debate and that they should remember that Afghanistan is home to millions of ordinary citizens.</p> <p>Now is the time for the international community to put the people of Afghanistan first.</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/video/20090401-kiting-afghanistan"><strong>Watch the video of the kite's action</strong></a>.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Flying kites for Afghanistan</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/09-03-31-faire-voler-des-cerfs-volants-pour-afghanistan" title="Faire voler des cerfs-volants pour l’Afghanistan" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/09-03-31-cometas-para-afganistan" title="Cometas para Afganistán" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 30 Mar 2009 07:59:51 +0000 Farah Karimi 8753 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/8753#comments