Oxfam International Blogs - UNFCCC http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/tags/unfccc es Raising rural women’s voices on the Road to Paris http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/27858 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>This week thousands of people around the world are standing shoulder to shoulder with rural women, who are not only feeling the harshest effects of climate change but, in the face of woeful government inaction, are also leading the fight in feeding their communities, and the world.</strong></p> <p>We meet women like <strong><a href="http://oxfamstories.org/climate-for-change/#section-5" rel="nofollow">Ipaishe, a farmer in Zimbabwe</a></strong> who is passionate about farming and vocal about the causes and solutions to climate change. And <strong><a href="http://oxfamstories.org/climate-for-change/#section-11" rel="nofollow">Langging, a young activist in the Philippines</a></strong> who thinks we should stop blaming each other and start doing what’s right – “imagine the impact we could have”.</p> <p>Across six continents and more than 20 countries these women’s voices are being heard; on the streets, by politicians, online, in forums, at flashmobs, through song, through dance, at festivals, dinners, and on film. Welcome to <strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/" rel="nofollow">GROW Week 2015</a></strong>!</p> <p>Raising these voices this GROW Week is particularly significant as we are now just weeks away from the <strong><a href="http://www.cop21.gouv.fr/en" rel="nofollow">UN Climate Negotiations in Paris</a></strong> where government leaders from rich and poor countries will make big decisions about climate change that will affect all of us.</p> <p>Climate change is changing the world we love. It’s putting our homes, our land and our food at risk and it’s threatening the fight against hunger. For most of us, it means less quality food, less choice, and higher prices. For nearly a billion people already living in poverty, it means <strong><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-10-01-climate-change-hunger-el-nino-could-push-us-unchartered-waters">more hunger</a></strong>.</p> <p>Our message to leaders is that they must ensure that money to help people cope with the effects of climate change is on the way up, and the use of fossil fuels, the biggest drivers of climate change, is on the way out. And they have to start by protecting the people whose lives and livelihoods are most at risk.</p> <p>This GROW Week we stand together to show what’s already possible and urge leaders to be as ambitious as these women in Paris.</p> <p>Climate Change. Poverty. Hunger. It’s all the same fight.</p> <h3>Read more</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://oxfamstories.org/climate-for-change/" rel="nofollow">Hear straight from Ipaishe, Langging and others</a></strong></p> <h3>What you can do</h3> <p><a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/climate-change" rel="nofollow"><strong>Take action on climate change</strong></a></p> <p><strong>Share our new film: <a href="http://oxfamstories.org/climate-for-change/" rel="nofollow">4 stories, 4 continents, 4 inspirational women.</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Raising rural women’s voices on the Road to Paris</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/15-10-12-les-femmes-rurales-se-font-entendre-sur-la-route-de-paris" title="Les femmes rurales se font entendre sur la route de Paris" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/15-10-12-la-voz-de-las-mujeres-agricultoras-llega-hasta-paris" title="La voz de las mujeres agricultoras llega hasta París" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 12 Oct 2015 05:10:00 +0000 Sarah Watson 27858 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/27858#comments The end of UNFCCC COP20 in Peru: What will it take for governments to act? http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24337 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>After <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-03-cop-20-oxfam-daily-download"><strong>two weeks of splitting hairs</strong></a> over key elements of a new climate treaty at the UN climate talks here in Lima, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2014-12-14/rough-seas-ahead-climate-talks-paris-deal-still-horizon"><strong>governments failed once again</strong></a> to put the world on a pathway to keep global warming under control.</p> <p>It is sobering to think that this same process of UN climate negotiations started 20 years ago! What will it take for governments to act?</p> <h3>Reasons for optimism</h3> <p>Yet, as I am about to leave Lima, I am strangely filled with a great sense of optimism.</p> <p>Last week started badly with the looming threat of another major typhoon in the Philippines, the third in four years. Thankfully, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/philippines-typhoon-hagupit"><strong>Typhoon Hagupit</strong></a> slowed down before it hit landfall.</p> <p>Years of efforts on Disaster Risk Reduction by local communities and the government, supported by Oxfam and many others, are also <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2014-12-07/oxfam-philippine-governments-massive-pre-emptive-evacuation-has"><strong>starting to pay off</strong></a>. While tragically 650,000 families were affected and 21 people lost their lives, last year the number of people killed by Typhoon Haiyan was a massive 6,300.</p> <p><strong>Needless to say, much more needs to be done to help communities adapt</strong> in the Philippines and elsewhere – <a href="http://www.unep.org/NewsCentre/default.aspx?DocumentID=2814&amp;ArticleID=11097" target="_blank"><strong>UNEP put out a report</strong></a> estimating the investment gap for adaptation in the developing world to be $350 billion - but the Philippines example shows that adaptation is not beyond reach.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>"Climate change is not just about the <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a>, it is about our lives" <a href="http://t.co/fos1hMqyvM">http://t.co/fos1hMqyvM</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/Winnie_Byanyima">@Winnie_Byanyima</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/an43bN820a">pic.twitter.com/an43bN820a</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/543521024219041792">December 12, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>Another highlight for me has been the fact that <strong>governments are finally committing money to the Green Climate Fund</strong> (GCF) — the $10 billion mark was reached in Lima. Oxfam and its allies have been working for years on this goal and when we started 8 years ago, we were doubtful we would ever see this day. While we are far from the badly needed $100 billion which was promised in Copenhagen in 2005, we can’t underestimate what has been achieved at a time when aid for development is increasingly unpopular.</p> <p>Even Australia, which is one of the biggest blockers on climate change, bowed to international pressure and <a href="http://foreignminister.gov.au/releases/Pages/2014/jb_mr_141210.aspx"><strong>committed $200 million</strong></a> here in Lima to the GCF. Now we have to make sure that mobilised resources are <a href="http://reneweconomy.com.au/2014/australias-climate-fund-contribution-robbing-achim-pay-hela-60506"><strong>put to best use</strong></a> - for projects that truly cut emissions and keep people and economies safe from the devastations of a changing climate.</p> <h3>Power from the Peruvians</h3> <p>Since I’ve been here, I’ve been both energized and humbled by the <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-10-listening-people-amazon-during-cop-20-story-land-rights"><strong>strength and resolve of the people of Peru</strong></a> who are at the frontline of fighting against polluters and climate change. This week 15,000 people – the biggest climate march ever in Latin America - turned out.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Why we joined the <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/PeoplesClimate?src=hash">#PeoplesClimate</a> March at the UN Climate Talks in Peru <a href="http://t.co/6hotpyG1Wa">http://t.co/6hotpyG1Wa</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/UcsNIppA2Y">pic.twitter.com/UcsNIppA2Y</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/543768612742651904">December 13, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>The march ground Lima to a halt: indigenous peoples (facing the same threats as <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/the-verb/the-widows-of-saweto_b_6289314.html"><strong>the Saweto community</strong></a>, whose leaders lost their lives to protect trees and rivers of the rainforest from illegal logging and mining), rural women from all over Central and South America defending their rights to farm their land against big agribusiness, trade unions who are demanding greener and better jobs, and thousands of others from all walks of life united in a call for climate action and for basic rights. This march embodied what fighting against climate change is all about — a fight for the people, by the people.</p> <h3>On to Paris</h3> <p>As we are gearing up for the final year of UN negotiations on a global climate deal, civil society groups from around the world gathered here in Lima. Trade unions, environmental and development NGOs, faith groups, social movements from Africa, Asia and Latin America, all vowed to make 2015 a turning point when governments and the private sector will give in to people’s demands and have the courage to take the actions that are required to keep all of us safe from climate change.</p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/campaigns/food-and-climate-justice"><strong>Join Oxfam's campaign to help stop climate change making people hungry</strong></a></p> <p><strong>Read the blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-10-listening-people-amazon-during-cop-20-story-land-rights">Listening to people of the Amazon during COP 20: A story of land rights</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Share this graphic below with your friends:</strong></p> <p><img alt="Graphic: Winnie Byanyima quote" title="Graphic: Winnie Byanyima quote" src="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/default/files/blogimages/winnie-final1-en-instagram-640x640.jpg" /></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>The end of UNFCCC COP20 in Peru: What will it take for governments to act?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-12-17-el-final-de-la-cmnucc-cop20-en-per%C3%BA-%C2%BFa-qu%C3%A9-est%C3%A1n-esperando-los-gobiernos-para-actuar" title="El final de la CMNUCC COP20 en Perú: ¿A qué están esperando los Gobiernos para actuar?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-12-17-que-faut-il-faire-pour-que-les-gouvernements-se-d%C3%A9cident-%C3%A0-agir-face-au-changement" title="Que faut-il faire pour que les gouvernements se décident à agir face au changement climatique ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 15 Dec 2014 16:50:38 +0000 Celine Charveriat 24337 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24337#comments Beyond the headlines: What’s actually happening at the UNFCCC COP20 http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24159 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>We’re now well into the first week of the UN climate talks in Lima, Peru</strong>, where governments are negotiating a new global climate treaty to be adopted next year in Paris. On the face of it, you’d think that change is in the air.</p> <p>The global climate <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-09-26-peoples-climate-march-around-world-pictures-biggest-climate-mobilisation-ever"><strong>marches in September</strong></a>, the commitments to curb emissions from the big three (the EU, US and China), public pressure in Peru - including from our own Oxfam activists - and the fact that the new UN climate fund almost met its initial fundraising target all seem to have given the negotiations the push they need. The media for the most part, have taken a positive view of the start of the negotiations too but how are things actually going so far in the conference?</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Before <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> activists in Peru unveiled this banner at the Huaca Pucllana ruins in Lima. RT if you agree <a href="http://t.co/FvLQzgfmIk">pic.twitter.com/FvLQzgfmIk</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/539049224894418944">November 30, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Draft climate treaty text</h3> <p>The host country kicked things off by throwing down a challenge, saying  they hope the outcome of the next two weeks will be an actual draft text for the Paris climate treaty. It’s great that Peru is upping the ante but it’s hugely ambitious to think that in two weeks countries will be able to iron out enough of their differences to settle on an actual draft text.</p> <p>What’s needed from these Lima talks is a common format for each country’s commitment in the new agreement, standardising what they will look like when they are put forward in a few months time. This may sound like a formality but it’s hugely important if we are to avoid a hodgepodge of offers – with different baselines against which to reduce emissions and end-years for doing so, and a varying scope of what to include in these pledges. Eventually, we need to be able to add all these commitments up to calculate how far they take us towards the overall goal of avoiding dangerous climate change.</p> <p>The implications of a weak agreement that puts us in a world where temperatures increase by 3.5 degrees celsius (which is what we are on track for at the moment) would have devastating implications for the poorest people on the front lines of climate change - making it infinitely more difficult and costly for them to protect themselves from climate chaos.  If there is to be any chance of pressuring governments to improve their offers after Lima, we need their commitments to be comparable, so those who are dragging their feet can be easily identified and called out.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>If you care about <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climatechange?src=hash">#climatechange</a> &amp; food please RETWEET for action from world leaders at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/BLVoqrvtxr">pic.twitter.com/BLVoqrvtxr</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/540611524625461250">December 4, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Climate finance</h3> <p>Another important issue that is the cause of much disagreement here at the talks is climate finance. Rich countries are doing their best to avoid the question of how poorer nations will be supported under the new treaty. This is especially unfair given that this time around even the poorest countries are being asked to commit to reduce emissions - without the corresponding assurance that the support they need for this will be delivered. This is a bit like asking someone to climb a ladder then knocking it out from under their feet.</p> <p><strong>Developed countries are playing hardball</strong>, saying that the recent <a href="http://www.pinterest.com/pin/223702306466729410/">Green Climate Fund</a> (GCF) pledges (hardly any of which is new money) is all that developing countries are going to get, with no further clarity how rich countries are going to ramp up support to poor countries to the promised $100 billion a year by 2020. Some developed countries have even threatened to veto the whole thing if they are asked to make financial commitments as part of the new climate treaty!</p> <h3>Why we’re here at COP20</h3> <p>With such crucial policy decisions being made, Oxfam is here in Lima to take our campaign for climate justice straight to the heart of decision making. In our <strong><a href="http://oxf.am/ZZ92">curtain raiser report</a></strong>, we’ve called for three key things:</p> <ul><li><strong>An agreement which is ambitious</strong> enough to be a turning point in curbing runaway climate change</li> <li><strong>Each country doing its fair share</strong> to stay within the shrinking global carbon budget</li> <li><strong>The promised climate finance to flow</strong> to where it is needed  </li> </ul><p>Governments need to make headway on all three points here in Lima if next year’s climate summit in Paris, where the new treaty is to be signed, isn’t going to be another disaster like the last attempt to craft a global climate deal five years ago in Copenhagen.  If we’re going to limit the impact of climate change, we need to see action now.</p> <p> </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climatechange?src=hash">#climatechange</a> is making people hungry. Find out how <a href="https://twitter.com/UN_ClimateTalks">@UN_ClimateTalks</a> at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> impact this: <a href="http://t.co/WWoPJiVCN3">http://t.co/WWoPJiVCN3</a> <a href="http://t.co/X67EATrFtR">pic.twitter.com/X67EATrFtR</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/540500957206183936">December 4, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <h3>What you can do</h3> <p>Join our campaign to help <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/stop-climate-change-making-people-hungry"><strong>stop climate change making people hungry</strong></a>.</p> <p> </p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions">UN Climate Conference in Lima: what's happening and why it really matters</a></strong> - by Frank Boeren, Country Director of Oxfam Peru</p> <p><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-03-climate-change-not-just-about-climate-it-about-our-lives">Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives</a></strong> - by Winnie Byanyima, Oxfam International Executive Director</p> <p>With the press? Get your <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-03-cop-20-oxfam-daily-download">COP20 Daily Download here</a></strong>.</p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Beyond the headlines: What’s actually happening at the UNFCCC COP20</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-12-10-n%C3%A9gociations-sur-le-climat-%C3%A0-lima-la-r%C3%A9alit%C3%A9-derri%C3%A8re-les-gros-titres" title="Négociations sur le climat à Lima : la réalité derrière les gros titres" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Fri, 05 Dec 2014 20:07:57 +0000 Kiri Hanks 24159 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24159#comments El cambio climático no tiene que ver sólo con el clima: tiene que ver con nuestras vidas http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-12-04-el-cambio-climatico-no-tiene-que-ver-solo-con-el-clima-tiene-que-ver-con-nuestras <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Los grupos negociadores que están llegando esta semana a Lima, Perú -para trabajar el borrador de un tratado global sobre cambio climático-  deberían escuchar las palabras de la campesina peruana Marisa Marcavillaca: “<strong>El cambio climático no tiene que ver sólo con el clima: tiene que ver con nuestras vidas</strong>”.</p> <p>Las negociaciones en Lima son cruciales: Prepararán el escenario para el éxito o el fracaso en París, la siguiente mejor oportunidad de alcanzar un acuerdo global que reduzca los gases de efecto invernadero y ayude a los países en desarrollo a adaptarse al cambio climático que ya enfrenta el planeta.</p> <p>Para preparar bien el escenario de París necesitamos trabajar mucho en los detalles en Lima, particularmente en cómo los países desarrollados van a cumplir con el financiamiento prometido para ayudar a las naciones en desarrollo a afrontar la crisis climática. <strong>Las vagas promesas no ayudarán a la gente</strong> a adaptarse a los efectos dañinos del cambio climático ni a buscar caminos más limpios hacia el desarrollo y el crecimiento.</p> <p>La cifra central es de $100 mil millones. Los países ricos prometieron esta cantidad en la conferencia de Copenague en 2009 y luego empezaron a regatear. Para gente como Marisa, que se encuentra en la primera línea de lucha contra el cambio climático, esta cifra abstracta ha significado poca o ninguna diferencia en su vida.</p> <p>Lo real es que <strong>el cambio climático ya está causando hambre</strong> y podría hacer retroceder varias décadas la lucha contra este flagelo. En  Perú, más del 80% de la producción de alimentos básicos como maíz, patatas, arroz, cebada, habas, guisantes y trigo es altamente vulnerable a las sequías. Y las proyecciones sugieren que la productividad agrícola en la región andina podría caer entre 12 y 50% en las próximas décadas, como resultado del cambio climático.</p> <p>Como explica Marisa, líder de la Organización Nacional de Mujeres Indígenas [*]: “Los cambios extremos en el clima afectan tanto nuestras ganancias como la comida que llevamos a la mesa para nuestros hijos.  Si no tenemos suficiente dinero para comprar comida, sufrimos hambre. Si no tenemos suficiente dinero, no podemos comprar a nuestros hijos lo que necesitan para ir a la escuela”.</p> <h3>Debemos actuar ahora</h3> <p>El cambio climático ya está causando un daño significativo a la producción global de alimentos, no sólo en Perú sino en el mundo entero. Y las cosas van a empeorar mucho a menos que tomemos acciones ahora.</p> <p>Para 2050, otros 50 millones de personas –equivalentes a la población de España– estarán en riesgo de sufrir hambre como consecuencia del cambio climático. Para entonces podrían estar malnutridos otros 25 millones de niños menores de 5 años, que no lo estarían en un mundo sin cambio climático — eso equivale a todos los niños menores de cinco años de Estados Unidos y Canadá.</p> <p>Campesinas como Marisa están haciendo todo lo que pueden para prepararse y fortalecer su resiliencia. Se han organizado y han aprendido qué plantas pueden ayudar a combatir enfermedades en sus cultivos. Han construido embalses para los tiempos de sequía. Han trabajado con los funcionarios locales y recibido apoyo para reparar y adaptar sistemas de irrigación más eficientes a fin de poder tener más cultivos con menos agua. Pero no pueden luchar contra el cambio climático solas. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="es" xml:lang="es"><p>“Es hora de que las/os líderes mundiales hagan su trabajo” <a href="https://twitter.com/Winnie_Byanyima">@Winnie_Byanyima</a> <a href="http://t.co/0L5pv7C8AY">http://t.co/0L5pv7C8AY</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/clima?src=hash">#clima</a> <a href="http://t.co/yh1wcjNA7D">pic.twitter.com/yh1wcjNA7D</a></p> <p>— Oxfam en español (@oxfam_es) <a href="https://twitter.com/oxfam_es/status/540151231722037248">diciembre 3, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Tenemos que organizarnos y actuar YA</h3> <p>La acción de los gobiernos presentes en las negociaciones ha sido demasiado lenta, pero hay signos claros de avance en todo el mundo. En septiembre <strong>millones de personas se sumaron a más de 2.000 eventos convocados en 162 países </strong>para demandar acciones frente al cambio climático. Ellas entienden que la acción ante el clima significa nuevos trabajos ecológicamente amigables, provisiones alimenticias seguras y un futuro para todos y todas.</p> <p>Si hay progresos en materia de financiamiento climático, los países pobres podrían hacer espectaculares avances en desarrollo limpio. Etiopía podría sacar de la pobreza a millones de personas y a la vez evitar unas emisiones anuales equivalentes a las de 65 centrales eléctricas de carbón. <strong>Perú podría incrementar su PIB en casi un 1% más y reducir sus emisiones a la mitad.</strong> Indonesia podría cumplir su plan de reducir las emisiones en un 41% en 15 años.</p> <h3>Compromisos claros en materia de financiamiento climático</h3> <p>La promesa de $100 mil millones debe ser sólo el inicio.  Lo que se requiere son <strong>compromisos claros en materia de financiamiento climático</strong>, centrado en los que los países en desarrollo realmente necesitan. La hoja de ruta para progresar en ese camino debe:  </p> <ul><li>Establecer exactamente cómo será recaudado e invertido el financiamiento climático</li> <li>Identificar nuevas fuentes -privadas y públicas- de financiamiento</li> <li>Establecer un marco de “cuotas equitativas” a la hora de movilizar el flujo necesario de financiamiento y dirigirlo a los rubros adecuados  </li> </ul><p><strong>Estas tres acciones no son el punto final.</strong> Hay hitos en esta jornada, que tomarán décadas. Pero la Cumbre de Lima puede  - y debe - marcarnos la senda correcta hacia París y más allá. <strong>Este es el momento en que los líderes deben dar un paso adelante y actuar como tales.</strong></p> <p>[*] Marisa Marcavillaca es dirigenta de la Organización de Mujeres Indígenas FEMUCARINAP (Federación Nacional de Mujeres Campesinas, Artesanas, Indígenas, Nativas y Asalariadas)<br />[N de la T]</p> <p> </p> <p><em>Originalmente publicado en el <strong><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/winnie-byanyima/climate-change-is-not-jus_b_6263588.html" target="_blank">Huffington Post</a></strong>.</em></p> <p> </p> <h3>También puede interesarte</h3> <p>La conferencia climática en Lima: <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/es/blogs/14-12-01-la-conferencia-clim%C3%A1tica-en-lima-las-6-preguntas-y-respuestas-que-debes-saber-sobre" target="_blank">Las 6 preguntas y respuestas que debes saber sobre la COP20</a></strong></p> <p>Evitemos que el cambio climático provoque hambre. <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/accion/evitemos-que-el-cambio-climatico-provoque-hambre" target="_blank">¡Firma ahora!</a></strong></p> <p>Material diario <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-03-cop-20-oxfam-daily-download" target="_blank">para prensa</a></strong>.</p> <p>Sigue a Oxfam en la COP20 vía Twitter a través de <a href="http://twitter.com/oxfam_es"><strong>@Oxfam_es</strong></a><br /> </p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>El cambio climático no tiene que ver sólo con el clima: tiene que ver con nuestras vidas</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-12-03-climate-change-not-just-about-climate-it-about-our-lives" title="Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-12-05-les-changements-climatiques-ne-concernent-pas-seulement-le-climat-ils-concernent-nos" title="Les changements climatiques ne concernent pas seulement le climat, ils concernent nos vies" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Thu, 04 Dec 2014 08:27:42 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 24131 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-12-04-el-cambio-climatico-no-tiene-que-ver-solo-con-el-clima-tiene-que-ver-con-nuestras#comments Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24123 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>As representatives from more than 195 governments around the world come together in Lima, Peru this week to work on drafting a global treaty on climate change, they should heed the words of Peruvian farmer Marisa Marcavillaca: <strong>"Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives."</strong></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions"><strong>Negotiations in Lima are crucial</strong></a> as they will set the stage for success or failure next year in Paris, where governments are due to agree a new international climate deal for the post-2020 world.</p> <p>To set the stage for Paris, we need to get the details right in Lima, particularly on how developed countries will deliver promised funding to help developing nations address the climate crisis. <strong>Vague promises won't help people</strong> adapt to the harmful effects of climate change, nor help countries to pursue cleaner paths to growth and development.</p> <p>The central figure is $100 billion, promised by rich countries at the Copenhagen talks in 2009 and haggled over ever since. For people like Marisa who are on the front lines of the climate crisis, this abstract number has made little to no difference in their lives.</p> <p>The reality is that <strong>climate change is already making people hungry</strong> and could set back the fight against hunger by decades. Over 80 percent of the production of staple food in Peru is extremely vulnerable to droughts, including corn, potatoes, rice, barley, beans, peas and wheat. Projections suggest that agricultural productivity in the Andean region could fall between 12 and 50 percent in the next decades as a result of climate change.</p> <p>As Marisa, who is a leader in the National Indigenous Women's Organization explains, "Extreme changes in the climate affect how much we earn and what food we put on the table for our children. If we don't have enough money to buy food, we go hungry. Without enough money, we cannot afford to buy our children the supplies they need to attend school."</p> <h3>We must act now</h3> <p>Climate change is already causing significant damage to global food production not only in Peru, but around the world. <strong>And things are going to get much worse unless we act now.</strong></p> <p>By 2050, 50 million more people - equivalent to the population of Spain - will be at risk of going hungry because of climate change. And there could be 25 million more malnourished children under the age of five by then compared to a world without climate change - that's the equivalent of every child under the age of five in the US and Canada combined.</p> <p>Farmers like Marisa are doing what they can to prepare and build their resilience. They have organized and learned what plants can help fight diseases in their crops. They have built reservoirs for when it is too dry and crops need water. They have worked with local officials to get support for repairing and adapting irrigation systems of greater efficiency so they can grow more crops with less water. But they can't win the fight against climate change alone.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Climate finance is fundamental to a fair &amp; effective global <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> agreement <a href="http://t.co/7OdeEZq188">http://t.co/7OdeEZq188</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/TplUMUreXr">pic.twitter.com/TplUMUreXr</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/539529235460022273">December 1, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Organizing for action</h3> <p>Action from governments at the negotiations has been far too slow, but there are clear signs of progress from all across the world. In September, <strong>millions of people took part in more than 2,000 events</strong> across 162 countries to demand action on climate change. More than 400,000 people marched in the streets of New York City alone. They understand that action on climate means new green jobs, secure food supplies, and a future for all.</p> <p>If progress is made on climate finance, poor countries could make spectacular advances in clean development. Ethiopia could lift millions of people out of poverty while avoiding annual carbon emissions to the equivalent of 65 coal-fired plants. <strong>Peru could increase its GDP by nearly 1% more than business as usual while halving its emissions at the same time</strong>. Indonesia could fulfill its plan to cut emissions by 41% in 15 years.</p> <h3>What's needed for climate finance</h3> <p>The $100 billion climate promise can only be the start. <strong>What's needed now is clear commitments on climate finance, focused on what developing countries actually need</strong>. A blueprint for progress on climate finance should:</p> <ul><li>Set out exactly how climate finance should be accessed and spent.</li> <li>Identify new sources of public and private finance.</li> <li>Establish a "fair shares" framework to mobilize the necessary financial flows and direct them to the right places.</li> </ul><p><strong>These talks are not the endpoint.</strong> They are milestones on a journey that will take decades. But the Lima Summit can - and must - put us on the right track for Paris and beyond. <strong>Now is the time for our leaders to step up and lead.</strong></p> <p><em>Originally published on the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/winnie-byanyima/climate-change-is-not-jus_b_6263588.html">Huffington Post</a>.</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p>UN Climate Conference in Lima:<strong> <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions">what's happening and why it really matters</a></strong></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/stop-climate-change-making-people-hungry"><strong>Help stop climate change making people hungry here.</strong></a></p> <p>With the press? Get your <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-03-cop-20-oxfam-daily-download">COP20 Daily Download here</a></strong>.</p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-12-04-el-cambio-climatico-no-tiene-que-ver-solo-con-el-clima-tiene-que-ver-con-nuestras" title="El cambio climático no tiene que ver sólo con el clima: tiene que ver con nuestras vidas" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-12-05-les-changements-climatiques-ne-concernent-pas-seulement-le-climat-ils-concernent-nos" title="Les changements climatiques ne concernent pas seulement le climat, ils concernent nos vies" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 03 Dec 2014 22:09:49 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 24123 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24123#comments COP 20 Oxfam Daily Download http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24092 <div class="field field-name-body"><h3>December 12, 2014</h3> <p><strong>December 12, 5pm EST</strong> </p> <p> <strong>There is still no sign of when COP20 will end.</strong> Throughout the morning, parties expressed their views on the 7 page draft text circulated late last night at a “contact group” meeting. Parties expressed a willingness and ability to work off the draft text but mostly offered comments that hewed to their entrenched positions on the issues. China and India continued to push back against provisions that would allow the world to judge the adequacy of next year’s initial climate action pledges (INDC’s). </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Will world leaders head out of Lima with solutions or just emissions? <a href="http://t.co/XTBmy16PQX">http://t.co/XTBmy16PQX</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a></p> <p>— Ben Grossman-Cohen (@BenGroCo) <a href="https://twitter.com/BenGroCo/status/543481762480148480">December 12, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <strong>At an afternoon “stocktaking”</strong> the COP President described progress so far and said work was continuing. The “contact group” is resuming this afternoon so remaining parties who have yet to speak can make their views known ahead of another “stocktaking” session at a time to be determined this evening. Behind the scenes negotiators are working to forge an agreement and find a path towards an outcome. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>World leaders must not think short term. An election cycle mentality will not save our planet from <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> change. <a href="https://t.co/SWDz1S1vL5">https://t.co/SWDz1S1vL5</a></p> <p>— Winnie Byanyima (@Winnie_Byanyima) <a href="https://twitter.com/Winnie_Byanyima/status/543521854065889280">December 12, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <strong>Separate discussions are proceeding to overcome sticking points</strong> on the approach to finance in the time pre-2020, which is oddly referred to as “long term finance.” Compromise proposals are floating around among negotiators but these have yet to be made public. The current state of play is that the outcome will likely be very weak. Proposals to create a roadmap for reaching the $100 billion promise have been watered down to merely “inviting” developed countries to provide further information on this goal. This makes it very unlikely that developing countries will get the clarity, predictability and support they need to boost climate action in the next few years. </p> <p> It is anyone’s guess as to when things will move forward toward a conclusion but the clock is ticking. </p> <p> <em>Stay tuned.</em> </p> <p><strong>December 12, 1pm EST update</strong></p> <p>Will world leaders head out of Lima with solutions or just emissions? </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Few signs of progress (solutions!) as UN <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> summit nears its end <a href="http://t.co/ZgXQbrOKK0">http://t.co/ZgXQbrOKK0</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/jugxfGWe2J">pic.twitter.com/jugxfGWe2J</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/543508696282955777">December 12, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> </p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"> <p>How rural women adapt to <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climatechange?src=hash">#climatechange</a> in Latin America and the Caribbean <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/I2aYP6gHnO">http://t.co/I2aYP6gHnO</a> <a href="http://t.co/i7gWpdF0uR">pic.twitter.com/i7gWpdF0uR</a></p> <p>— Oxfam Canada (@oxfamcanada) <a href="https://twitter.com/oxfamcanada/status/543475619020161024">December 12, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p><strong>December 12, morning</strong></p> <p><strong>The clock is ticking.</strong> The penultimate day offered by far the most fireworks of the talks so far. An energetic and <a href="http://www.democracynow.org/2014/12/12/we_are_on_a_course_leading">impassioned speech from US Secretary of State John Kerry</a> alongside the recriminations and intrigue of a mistakenly released draft decision text were followed by a long night of work to find a path forward. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>RT <a href="https://twitter.com/StateDeptLive">@StateDeptLive</a>: <a href="https://twitter.com/JohnKerry">@JohnKerry</a>: The science of <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climatechange?src=hash">#climatechange</a> is screaming at us – warning us – compelling us to act. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a></p> <p>— UN Environment (@UNEP) <a href="https://twitter.com/UNEP/status/543140441726926848">December 11, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <strong>Nobody yet knows when</strong> the talks will come to a conclusion. Late last night a new text, trimmed down to seven pages, was officially released. Parties are scheduled to continue deliberations this morning. This should lead to a better understanding of how much more negotiating is yet to come, as the current text still contains many options from which Parties, and eventually Ministers, will have to choose. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Slow progress at Lima climate talks “costing lives” says Oxfam chief <a href="http://t.co/TTtt4bYk8M">http://t.co/TTtt4bYk8M</a> via <a href="https://twitter.com/ShareThis">@sharethis</a></p> <p>— Yeb Saño (@YebSano) <a href="https://twitter.com/YebSano/status/543233968481374209">December 12, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <strong>The final day of the talks feels like reading a choose your own adventure novel.</strong> <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/reactions/oxfam-reacts-latest-draft-text-un-climate-conference-lima">The text is dangerously weak.</a> The choices made today will either put us on a barely workable path heading into Paris or doom us to a dangerous future. The ingredients for some progress in Lima are on the table, but negotiators need to have the courage to use them. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Peru's water woes: a sign of the future for all of us? <a href="http://t.co/ykekh0u9o4">http://t.co/ykekh0u9o4</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/BBCNews">@BBCNews</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> <a href="http://t.co/T7u9KcbJAz">pic.twitter.com/T7u9KcbJAz</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/543316865893040128">December 12, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <strong>Today negotiators are likely</strong> to work through the issues that absolutely must to be resolved before leaving Lima. These include determining what countries will need to include in their pledges early in 2015 as well as if and how those pledges will be reviewed and judged for their adequacy and fairness. Finance also remains a sticking point, as developing countries - <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions">as has been said since day one</a> - need assurances that developed countries will fulfill their previous promises and agree to new ones after 2020. </p> <p> Whatever options negotiators choose, many very difficult issues will be left unresolved in Lima and the world will still be headed down a treacherous road towards extreme warming. </p> <p> <strong><em>Will this be the final daily download of COP20??? Stay tuned.</em></strong></p> <p> Watch Winnie Byanyim's interview with Amy Goodman and Democracy Now! direct from Lima this morning: </p> <iframe width="400" height="225" src="http://www.democracynow.org/embed/story/2014/12/12/activists_climate_talks_have_done_nothing"> frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="true"&gt;</iframe> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Watching <a href="https://twitter.com/Winnie_Byanyima">@Winnie_Byanyima</a> live on <a href="https://twitter.com/democracynow">@democracynow</a> from <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> cc <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam">@Oxfam</a> <a href="http://t.co/mnO1WH9R2d">pic.twitter.com/mnO1WH9R2d</a></p> <p>— Ben Grossman-Cohen (@BenGroCo) <a href="https://twitter.com/BenGroCo/status/543402611937120256">December 12, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p></p><h3>December 11, 2014</h3> <p> <strong>Breaking, Dec 11, afternoon:</strong></p> <p> Oxfam releases the following statement from Heather Coleman, climate program manager for Oxfam America, <strong>regarding today's speech by US Secretary of State John Kerry</strong> at the UN climate negotiations in Lima, Peru:<br /><em><br /> "We welcome Secretary Kerry's visit and message at the talks. With just hours to go in the negotiations we hope his personal engagement can re-inject energy and urgency into the effort to deal with the many difficult and unresolved issues on the table. His visit is an important sign of the ongoing US commitment to reaching a post-2020 deal in Paris next year. <strong>It is critical that the Secretary's visit is matched with steps by his negotiating team to move the US away from hard line stances that contribute to the slow pace of action in Lima.</strong>"</em></p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>.<a href="https://twitter.com/JohnKerry">@JohnKerry</a>: The U.S. and China have found common ground on <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climatechange?src=hash">#climatechange</a>. That is a historic milestone. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a></p> <p>— StateDept Live (@StateDeptLive) <a href="https://twitter.com/StateDeptLive/status/543144694788915201">December 11, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>* * *</p> <p> <strong>Crunch time. Just 2 days to go in the official schedule</strong>, although few observers expect that talks will end before Saturday. A new draft compilation paper of the elements of a new Paris agreement was released yesterday. It grew from 33 pages to 37 pages and includes a variety of contradicting options on each issue to satisfy most parties that their priorities are still on the table. This document will essentially become the draft Paris agreement, but will require substantial work next year, more than had been hoped.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-cards="hidden" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Here is the <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> programme for Thursday 11th December: <a href="http://t.co/cTo7KKQ0o5">http://t.co/cTo7KKQ0o5</a> <a href="http://t.co/xo7m7vrEU3">pic.twitter.com/xo7m7vrEU3</a></p> <p>— UNFCCC (@UN_ClimateTalks) <a href="https://twitter.com/UN_ClimateTalks/status/543017383409876992">December 11, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <strong>The main focus over the next 2 days</strong> will be the components of country’s <strong><a href="http://www.wri.org/indc-definition">Intended Nationally Determined Contributions</a></strong> (INDCs) that will be released in the first half of 2015. These conversations went late into the night last night with slow progress through the sticky issues. The key debate remains over how countries should be characterized and what that will require of them in terms of action. </p> <p> Other central issues being worked through include the end date for the commitments (2025 vs. 2030), what information must be provided so they can be comparable, whether there can be a common format agreed so they can be compared, and whether there will be a formal process to review commitments against the 2 degree goal and for their fairness. </p> <p> Ministers will also hash out whether INDCs will require information about countries’ national adaptation plans and whether developed countries will be required to describe their financial support to poor countries post 2020. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>From the Amazon and all corners of the world the message is clear: time for leadership on climate change <a href="http://t.co/M6NxJ8gBlA">http://t.co/M6NxJ8gBlA</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a></p> <p>— Winnie Byanyima (@Winnie_Byanyima) <a href="https://twitter.com/Winnie_Byanyima/status/542890459300130816">December 11, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> Based on the progress so far, and the status of conversations on the INDCs, it is beginning to feel like there won’t be very much accomplished here and <strong>the really difficult work is being left for 2015</strong>. The INDCs are the key output to ensure that Paris has the momentum it needs for a strong deal that can break through the historical differences. If the INDCs are not strong enough, Paris will be a long slog. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Green <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Climate?src=hash">#Climate</a> Fund now has pledges of close to $10.2 billion from 27 countries - exec director <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20Lima?src=hash">#COP20Lima</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/GCFund?src=hash">#GCFund</a></p> <p>— TR Foundation (@TR_Foundation) <a href="https://twitter.com/TR_Foundation/status/543092006734819328">December 11, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <strong>Welcome rays of light yesterday</strong> were two separate $6 million pledges to the <strong><a href="http://news.gcfund.org/">Green Climate Fund</a></strong> from Peru and Colombia. These commitments should embarrass some of the developed countries who are still yet to pledge. The pledges are a strong show of solidarity and described by both countries as an effort to spur on a new era and a new agreement. The pledges are somewhat of a shift in thinking about the Fund, which had been created to channel climate finance from developed countries. </p> <p> <em>Stay tuned for daily updates for as many days we have left...</em> </p> <h3>December 10, 2014</h3> <p> <strong>More than 10,000 people from South America</strong> and around the world are projected to join the <strong><a href="http://cumbrepuebloscop20.org/peoples-climate-march/">People’s Climate March in Lima</a></strong> this morning urging governments here in Peru to get a deal this week that sets the table for Paris. It is expected to be the largest climate march ever organized in South America, building on the massive mobilization in New York and around the world in September and demonstrating yet again that ordinary people want their governments to act.<br /><em><br /> Oxfam International Executive Director Winnie Byanyima, is at the climate march in Lima. Contact <a href="https://twitter.com/BenGroCo">Ben Grossman-Cohen</a> for interviews on mobile phone: +51 949 728 813.</em> </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Peru's biggest ever climate mobilisation is on in Lima now! RT to join the call for action <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/peoplesclimate?src=hash">#peoplesclimate</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/cop20?src=hash">#cop20</a> <a href="http://t.co/Ofk4r8CBR5">pic.twitter.com/Ofk4r8CBR5</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/542736823102218240">December 10, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> Inside the conference center the negotiations are taking far too long to get through the difficult issues.</p> <p> <strong><a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/dec/09/south-america-cant-hope-for-progress-at-lima-and-renege-on-climate-pledges?CMP=share_btn_tw">There is little doubt</a></strong> that Lima will produce some form of agreement, but the pace and tenor of discussions are raising fears that few if any of the details that need to be agreed before Paris will be resolved this week. The big worry is that we will leave Lima with a vague and highly limited agreement that poisons the well for Paris. We are at a very tenuous position in the discussions with tensions bubbling below the surface that could break into the open. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>One of the biggest obstacles to <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> action? This graph. More: <a href="http://t.co/KxwNX35DX7">http://t.co/KxwNX35DX7</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/StopFundingFossils?src=hash">#StopFundingFossils</a> <a href="http://t.co/sYp8aEMFMt">pic.twitter.com/sYp8aEMFMt</a></p> <p>— Oil Change Intl (@PriceofOil) <a href="https://twitter.com/PriceofOil/status/542351456733786112">December 9, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> The <strong><a href="http://www.cop20.pe/en/acerca-de-la-cop-20/mensaje-de-la-presidencia/">COP20 Presidency</a></strong> is working behind the scenes to avoid a bust up and find a workable compromise on issues like the roadmap showing how developed countries will meet their $100 billion promise and how to decide what is expected from each country when they put forward their initial offers early next year. Nobody wants to trip up the Paris talks before they begin and the Presidency is actively engaged to avoid it. Today negotiators will discuss what will be in next year’s INDC’s, aka their pre-Paris commitments. </p> <p> <strong>Today they will touch on the difficult question</strong> of whether developed nations will have to provide information in these commitments on the kind of financial support that they will commit mobilize to enable poor countries to take climate action. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>How to break the current standoff on <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> finance at the UN climate talks <a href="http://t.co/LTtvI7nLZO">http://t.co/LTtvI7nLZO</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/Cr3wo5PGbE">pic.twitter.com/Cr3wo5PGbE</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/542409215025766401">December 9, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> *The draft of the long term agreement to be negotiated in Paris. </p><p> <em>Stay tuned for daily updates throughout the week.</em> </p> <p></p><h3>December 9, 2014</h3> <p> <strong>As ministers arrive and kick off the home stretch</strong> of negotiations, there are real worries that the pace of action will leave us without the level of progress promised or hoped for in Lima. The ambition to deliver a draft of a Paris agreement is <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-05-beyond-headlines-whats-actually-happening-un-climate-talks-cop20">slipping away</a>, which could leave significantly more work to do to tackle tough issues in 2015. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Adapting to climate change will cost much more than we thought. <a href="http://t.co/dwSALcy1di">http://t.co/dwSALcy1di</a> via <a href="https://twitter.com/grist">@grist</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/bDdWMWPwRs">pic.twitter.com/bDdWMWPwRs</a></p> <p>— Greenpeace USA (@greenpeaceusa) <a href="https://twitter.com/greenpeaceusa/status/542060593880915968">December 8, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <strong>Finance, both in the post 2020 deal and the period between now and 2020, is emerging as a major sticking point this week.</strong> Negotiators have not moved conversations very far and Ministers have a difficult task to find consensus. Developing countries will not agree to a deal here in Lima that does not move us closer to knowing how developed countries will meet their $100 billion promise by 2020. </p> <p>Developed countries also continue to push aggressively to delete any references in the text that would commit them to give financial support to poor countries after 2020. But for developing countries this is a bright red line. <strong>These two issues must be resolved by ministers this week.</strong> If these two issues are not resolved this week it could poison the well for a Paris deal in 2015. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Developed countries stop holding climate finance hostage: Oxfam's <a href="https://twitter.com/kellydent">@kellydent</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/6QhVhOPu4n">http://t.co/6QhVhOPu4n</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/tcktcktck">@tcktcktck</a> <a href="http://t.co/Zyt4QlOJyg">pic.twitter.com/Zyt4QlOJyg</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/542369400184393729">December 9, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> This topic will be on display at the ministerial meetings this afternoon. Expect developed country ministers to offer speeches that praise the existing pledges to the Green Climate Fund while developing countries point out that these are woefully inadequate. The real test will be whether we can move beyond these talking points and iron out a package on finance that sets the table for real progress in Paris. </p> <p> <strong>News broke last night</strong> that Secretary of State <strong><a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/09/us/politics/kerry-plans-to-attend-climate-talks.html?_r=0">John Kerry will arrive in Lima</a></strong> on Thursday, the first US Secretary of State at the talks since Copenhagen.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>.<a href="https://twitter.com/JohnKerry">@JohnKerry</a> will be at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> in Lima <a href="https://twitter.com/CoralMDavenport">@CoralMDavenport</a> confirms: <a href="http://t.co/42MBYrEEtR">http://t.co/42MBYrEEtR</a></p> <p>— Ben Grossman-Cohen (@BenGroCo) <a href="https://twitter.com/BenGroCo/status/542186876648849410">December 9, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> Hopefully his presence will contribute to boosting the level of energy and urgency that have so far characterized the conference. News also broke this morning that <a href="http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20141209_01419730">Belgium has pledged</a> approximately $62.5 million USD to the Green Climate Fund taking the total slightly closer to the $10 billion threshold. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Belgium's 50-million euro pledge sends Green <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Climate?src=hash">#Climate</a> Fund past $10 billion target <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/LimaCop20">@LimaCOP20</a></p> <p>— Alex Morales (@AlexJFMorales) <a href="https://twitter.com/AlexJFMorales/status/542355767756881921">December 9, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <em>Stay tuned for daily updates throughout the week.</em> </p> <p></p><h3>December 8, 2014 </h3><p> <strong>The second week kicks off with a scramble</strong> to review the results (new draft texts) from week one. These drafts are a bit later in the process than would be hoped for contributing to a feeling that the first week was overly sluggish although mostly smooth. </p> <p> Yesterday text was circulated on efforts to ramp up funding from developed country to meet their pledge to mobilize $100 billion by 2020 for climate action in poor countries. This draft currently includes strong proposals from African and Latin American countries, calling on developed countries to demonstrate their current progress to meeting this goal and provide a detailed roadmap on how finance will be ramped up over the next few years. </p> <p> <strong>This will see heavy resistance from developed countries, especially the US, Australia and Japan.</strong> A counter-productive item in the text is a proposal from the EU, which aims to say formally that current financial flows already today amount to hundreds of billions of dollars. While the suggested paragraph does not specifically claim the $100bn promise has been met, this is a clear attempt to deflect calls for further action and should be stripped out. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Great new tool shows exactly what country needs to do to combat climate change <a href="http://t.co/3YhvOkKzQe">http://t.co/3YhvOkKzQe</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/ClimateAction?src=hash">#ClimateAction</a></p> <p>— TckTckTck (@tcktcktck) <a href="https://twitter.com/tcktcktck/status/542064771051175936">December 8, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> <strong>The new text of the ADP*, which is the framework for a long term deal in Paris, has just been released this morning.</strong> We are working to analyze it fully now. It includes a range of options that are still to be whittled down in tough negotiations this week. But the important thing to look for is which options have made it through the initial discussions and remain on the table for a deal. We can expect the most contentious debate to circle around the question how to differentiate between countries to determine their responsibility to act and <strong>how to provide for financial support to poor countries</strong> in the new agreement. Developed countries worked throughout week one to strip from the text any references to financial commitments in the long term deal. </p> <p> As we prepare for Ministers to arrive tomorrow, the talks urgently need new energy. <strong>Week one was lethargic with negotiators mostly posturing</strong>, holding onto their extreme positions. There is opportunity for real progress, but urgency has been sorely lacking. The risk is that negotiators allow themselves to be lulled in complacency, and not enough will be resolved by the end of the week to allow for successful talks in Paris. The posturing of week one must now make way for consensus building with parties moving towards compromise. </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>The time for posturing is over; it is time to make a deal. <a href="http://t.co/As25D93a8F">http://t.co/As25D93a8F</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/I2wtlXiSWY">pic.twitter.com/I2wtlXiSWY</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/542014502460719104">December 8, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> * The <strong><a href="http://unfccc.int/bodies/body/6645.php">Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action</a></strong>. Workstream 1 is negotiating the post 2020 agreement. And Workstream 2 negotiates the pre-2020 issues such as climate finance and increasing ambition on emissions reduction targets. </p> <p> <em>Stay tuned for daily updates throughout the week.</em> </p> <p></p><h3>December 5, 2014</h3> <p> <strong>Day 5 begins without yesterday’s cloud</strong> of procedural wrangling hanging over the discussions. The intramural debate about how to proceed with negotiations on the draft decision was resolved and negotiators are moving forward with their work. Importantly today’s session will cover a critical set of issues around paragraph 13 of the current draft, which determines the guidance that will be given to parties about what must be include in their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) next year. This is an important debate to watch. Whether or not countries will be pushed to include financial promises in these INDCs and how to assess the strength and quality of their initial offers are key parts of this conversation. </p> <p> Yesterday talks about long term finance made progress with the Africa Group officially tabling a proposed text with support from numerous developing countries. If accepted as basis for negotiations, the African text would receive formal status at the talks and move the conversations beyond the more informal discussion of the “non-paper”. Developed countries objected to using the Africa Group’s text as the basis for negotiations and the session ended before this was decided. Throughout the conversation, developed countries had continued to push to delete all text related to new commitments of finance post 2020 to the chagrin of developing country negotiators. </p> <p> <strong>At noon today the UNEP will release a stunning new report on the gap in climate adaptation funding.</strong> The report will show that existing estimates of adaptation finance needs ($70-100 billion annually) vastly undershoot reality and could be as much as five times higher. The report also shows that current spending on adaptation is nowhere need adequate. Please <a href="http://twitter.com/bengroco">contact me</a> for more information. Here is a reaction to this report from Jan Kowalzig, policy advisor for Oxfam, embargoed until 12pm eastern: </p> <p> <strong>“This report offers irrefutable evidence</strong> of the yawning gap between governments’ current efforts to protect our communities and the dangerous realities of climate disruption. The report leaves no doubt, adaptation must be at the heart of a long term agreement developed here in Lima. Communities around the world are drastically unprepared for the costly impacts of climate change, which is already destroying lives and livelihoods every day. The dangerous realities cannot be ignored. Developed countries must urgently increase their support for developing countries to prepare. Negotiators here in Lima must put in place a roadmap showing how they will ramp up funding to meet their $100 billion annual commitment.” </p> <p> <strong>If you are here in Lima</strong>, please make sure to check out the solidarity action at 11am this morning with widows of <a href="http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/09/140911-peru-amazon-illegal-logging-chota-alto-tamaya/">murdered Peruvian environmental activists</a> in the center square of the venue. </p> <p><b>Breaking news, Dec 5, morning: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/reactions/oxfam-reacts-norway-pledge-green-climate-fund">Oxfam reacts to Norway pledge to Green Climate Fund</a></b></p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Norway doubles pledge to <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/GCFund?src=hash">#GCFund</a>, now NOK1.6bn ($230m). Will AUS, AT, BE, IR pledge at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a>? <a href="http://t.co/0menTfWtGe">http://t.co/0menTfWtGe</a> <a href="http://t.co/SNt5g2iDyW">pic.twitter.com/SNt5g2iDyW</a></p> <p>— Jan Kowalzig (@jalokaje) <a href="https://twitter.com/jalokaje/status/540886149540360192">December 5, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>Stay tuned for daily updates throughout the week.</p> <h3>Thursday, December 4, 2014<br /><h3> </h3></h3><p><strong>As we begin day 4, the mood has shifted</strong> and the positive energy that characterized the opening few days has dissipated with a return to familiar negotiation patterns. Yesterday, long term finance negotiations continued in the same spirit as the opening session. Developed countries continued to advocate for language to be stripped from the working paper that would obligate them to make future financial commitments. Meanwhile developing countries advocated strongly for language that will ensure developed countries are responsible to fund climate action in the developing world and not the other way around.</p> <p>Separately conversations began over the format of next year’s <strong><a href="http://www.wri.org/indc-definition">Intended Nationally Determined Contributions</a></strong> (INDCs) and quickly devolved into a process debate. This is not unusual at this stage in the COP but clearly not a productive approach to move talks forward. Developing countries pushed to begin a line by line discussion of the text while developed countries, opposed this approach because it would take too long. Developing countries argue that they don’t have the same number of experts and staff in their delegations so the only way they can analyze suggested text in the same way developed countries do, is to have it up on the screen with everyone together. This issue could not be resolved in the room so the chair convened a small group of “friends of the chair” to try to work out a path forward. This group will reconvene early this morning to try to find a solution.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>If you care about <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climatechange?src=hash">#climatechange</a> &amp; food please RETWEET for action from world leaders at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/BLVoqrvtxr">pic.twitter.com/BLVoqrvtxr</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/540611524625461250">December 4, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p><strong>Outside of the conference center many are bracing</strong> for the impact of Super Typhoon Hagupit, which is barreling towards the Philippines coast. The U.S. military's Joint Typhoon Warning Center estimated Hagupit's maximum sustained 1-minute wind speed at 180 mph, putting it in a tie as the most powerful typhoon of 2014. Hagupit is now the equivalent of a high-end Category 5 hurricane.</p> <p> Oxfam staff in the region are <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2014-12-04/oxfam-ready-respond-super-typhoon-hagupit-bears-down-philippines">monitoring the typhoon’s progress</a></strong> and the local response. Quote from Oxfam Country Director in the Philippines Justin Morgan: </p> <p> “We are watching Typhoon Hagupit closely. Local Government Units are activating their evacuation plans, in coordination with other humanitarian agencies. Oxfam has contingency stocks positioned throughout the Philippines and has staff ready to support in an emergency response. One year on from Typhoon Haiyan, <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-11-23-one-year-after-haiyan-hit-philippines-maketherightmove">the Philippines has improved its preparedness</a></strong>. People are much more aware of which locations are safe and what provisions they should stock. However, the fear is that not all evacuation centers have been fully repaired.”</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>We refuse to accept that facing super typhoons become a way of life. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/ClimateJustice?src=hash">#ClimateJustice</a></p> <p>— Yeb Saño (@YebSano) <a href="https://twitter.com/YebSano/status/540444709538119681">December 4, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> Stay tuned for daily updates throughout the week.</p> <h3>Happy day 3.</h3> <p>Update 3 December, afternoon: Press release <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2014-12-03/unfccc-observers-insist-rules-climate-finance">UNFCCC Observers insist on rules for climate finance: Statement by NGOs, Unions and Movements from across the world</a></p> <p>Update 3 December, morning: Media reaction: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/reactions/oxfam-response-wmo-announcement-2014-could-be-hottest-year-record">Oxfam response to the World Meteorological Organization announcement that 2014 could be the hottest year on record </a></p> <p><strong>Day 2 of the COP saw the first sparks fly</strong> in negotiations over finance issues in the long term agreement*. Though turbulence was minor, it shows where the trouble spots could be in the discussions. Finance will again dominate the negotiating agenda today picking up where conversations left off yesterday about finance in the post 2020 agreement as well as a new session on efforts to reach the existing $100 billion annual commitment by 2020.<br /> <br /><strong>Yesterday’s conflict arose</strong> when the US objected to several issues that are in the current “non-paper” on finance. A non-paper is a summary of all of the ideas and views of parties to the negotiations, it is not a formal text with official status at the talks, but helps get positions out on the table. The US pushed to delete language in the paper, which says that financial commitments should be new and additional, predictable, and adequate. These points are very critical to developing countries. Additionally, Switzerland pushed aggressively to say that unless a paragraph calling for new commitments of finance post 2020 is left out of the text, there would be no agreement in Lima.<br /> <br /><strong>Several developing countries also raised objections</strong>, mostly focused around process issues, because they did not feel as if their views were adequately reflected in the non-paper. These countries from the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Like_Minded_Group">Like Minded Developing Countries</a> (LMDC) group aimed to push the process beyond the non-paper into a true negotiation over formal text. They also are wary of language in the paper, which might imply that they will become contributors of finance in the future. They worry these changes would obligate certain “developing” countries to do more than their fair share.<br /> <br />Stay tuned for daily updates throughout the week.<br /> <br />* These occurred during finance negotiations in the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP). Workstream 1 is negotiating the post 2020 agreement. And Workstream 2 negotiates the pre-2020 issues such as climate finance and increasing ambition on emissions reduction targets.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>What happens in Lima will set the stage for success or failure in Paris <a href="http://t.co/b1lUrScBeV">http://t.co/b1lUrScBeV</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> <a href="http://t.co/uqE1LSUQYD">pic.twitter.com/uqE1LSUQYD</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/539461414864584704">December 1, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> </p> <p>* * *</p> <h3>Welcome to day 2.</h3> <p>With the ceremonial first day behind us, the nitty-gritty of the negotiations will get underway in earnest this morning. The formal talks of the ADP* - the working group that negotiates the details of a long term future treaty - kickoff with opening statements this morning and the first real working session this afternoon. Critical issues, such as how financial support for developing countries will fit into the long term agreement, will be discussed.</p> <p><strong>One important outcome from day one</strong> was news that the COP 20 Presidency announced they aim to end the meetings in Lima with a formal draft text of a Paris agreement. This is ambitious goal and one worth monitoring as we get closer to the end of the Lima talks.</p> <p>Yesterday saw strong posturing from parties on all sides of the negotiations, particularly with tough statements from the representative of the “Like Minded Developing Countries.” But nothing out of the ordinary, unexpected or out of step with previous positions was offered on day 1, leaving negotiators a lot of work ahead of them to come closer to agreement in the next 2 weeks.</p> <p><strong>Significantly, there were no process-oriented issues tabled</strong> on day one, setting the table for real work to proceed. Often these marginal process issues are put forward by parties as a stalling tactic to delay real negotiations on key issues. But these did not arise, allowing a more constructive tone than we have seen in past negotiating rounds.</p> <p>Stay tuned for daily updates throughout the week, via <a href="http://twitter.com/oxfam">@Oxfam</a>.</p> <p>* <a href="http://unfccc.int/bodies/body/6645.php">The Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action</a>. Workstream 1 is negotiating the post 2020 agreeement. And Workstream 2 negotiates the pre-2020 issues such as climate finance and increasing ambition on emissions reduction targets.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Where are we on the road to a climate deal in Paris next year? A timeline <a href="http://t.co/bG8HhcaUDi">http://t.co/bG8HhcaUDi</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/I5dnALf4HA">pic.twitter.com/I5dnALf4HA</a></p> <p>— Carbon Brief (@carbonbrief) <a href="https://twitter.com/carbonbrief/status/539743344474480640">December 2, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p> </p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions">UN Climate Conference in Lima: what's happening and why it really matters in 6 questions</a></p> <p>See also the great <a href="https://storify.com/tcktcktck/live">@tcktcktck #COP20 Storify</a></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>COP 20 Oxfam Daily Download</h2></div> Wed, 03 Dec 2014 05:26:00 +0000 Ben Grossman-Cohen 24092 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24092#comments La conferencia climática en Lima: Las 6 preguntas y respuestas que debes saber sobre la COP20 http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-12-01-la-conferencia-clim%C3%A1tica-en-lima-las-6-preguntas-y-respuestas-que-debes-saber-sobre <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Si no hay un compromiso serio contra el cambio climático, el mundo entero se expone a impactos severos e irreversibles. Las consecuencias de un clima que cambia rápidamente ya se sienten en todos los rincones del planeta y simplemente no tenemos tiempo, <strong>debemos actuar ahora</strong>. Y especialmente aquí, en Perú.</p> <p>Eso explica porqué estamos viendo una presión creciente que <strong>exige una acción global seria contra el cambio climático</strong>. En septiembre pasado, más de 650 mil personas tomaron las calles en los cinco continentes y se unieron a la mayor movilización jamás vista contra el calentamiento global;  reclamaban a los líderes globales un compromiso vital, que nos salve la vida. Ahora los tomadores de decisión tienen la oportunidad de acercar posiciones y demostrar que, esta vez, su acción contra el cambio climático será real.  </p> <p>La 20ª Conferencia de las Partes (COP) de la <strong><a href="http://unfccc.int/portal_espanol/informacion_basica/la_convencion/items/6196.php" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (CMNUCC</a>)</strong> que tendrá lugar en Lima, Perú, es el siguiente paso para asegurar el ambicioso acuerdo global que el mundo necesita. Aquí está todo lo que necesitas saber para seguir todos los detalles de esta crucial negociación climática.</p> <h3>¿Dónde y cuándo?</h3> <p>La conferencia será del 1 al 12 de diciembre en Lima, Perú.</p> <h3>¿Quién estará ahí?</h3> <p>Delegados de 196 países parte del tratado de la CMNUCC. Este grupo incluye todos los países miembro del Sistema de Naciones Unidas y representantes de la Unión Europea y el Estado Vaticano.</p> <h3>¿Qué está pasando en la COP?</h3> <p>La COP20 es una reunión global de la Convención Marco de Naciones Unidas sobre Cambio Climático (CMNUCC). Las partes representadas discutirán detalles clave para la negociación del acuerdo global propuesto de cara a la COP21, que se celebrará en París a finales de 2015.</p> <p>La COP20 es también una oportunidad crucial para que los países superen sus problemas con los planes actuales de <strong>financiamiento climático</strong>. Las naciones desarrolladas ya prometieron asignar USD 100 mil millones por año hasta el 2020, para ayudar así a los países más pobres en su lucha contra los efectos del cambio del clima. Ahora mismo, sin embargo, el <strong><a href="http://finanzascarbono.org/financiamiento-climatico/canales-bilaterales-de-financiamiento/fondo-verde-para-el-clima/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Fondo Verde para el Clima </a></strong>(a través del cuál se recogerá gran parte del dinero) se está quedando corto de recursos y no supera los USD 10 mil millones.</p> <h3>¿Por qué esta conferencia es tan importante?</h3> <p>La COP es una oportunidad para que los gobiernos de todo el mundo -de países ricos y pobres- lleguen a un acuerdo para combatir el cambio climático.</p> <p>Ahora mismo <strong>el cambio climático está perjudicando la producción de alimentos y aumentando el hambre</strong>. Y las cosas sólo se pondrán peor si no vemos a los líderes globales tomar serias cartas en el asunto. Para el 2050, 50 millones más de personas (¡el equivalente a la población de España) estarán en riesgo de hambre debido al calentamiento global.</p> <p>De cara a las decisiones que se tomarán en el próximo año en Paris, en Lima necesitamos ver grandes compromisos con el financiamiento climático (que apoye los esfuerzos de adaptación, combatiendo las consecuencias que ya padecemos) y objetivos de mitigación ambiciosos (que reduzcan las emisiones y por tanto el impacto del cambio climático).</p> <h3>¿Por qué es tan importante que se negocie en Perú?</h3> <p>Perú es uno de los tantos países donde <strong>la lucha contra el cambio climático es urgente</strong>. Ahora mismo más de 80% de la producción de alimentos clave como papa, maíz y arroz es vulnerable a la sequía y en las próxima décadas la productividad agrícola en los andes podría caer entre un 12% y 50% debido al cambio climático.</p> <p>El pueblo peruano está sintiendo directamente la presión de este clima cambiante y volver los ojos del mundo a Lima estas dos semanas es una oportunidad para poner las historias de las personas afectadas en el corazón de estas negociaciones.</p> <h3>¿Qué puedo hacer yo?</h3> <p>La COP en Lima marca un antes y un después en este camino hacia un acuerdo global que realmente ataque el cambio climático. Necesitamos ver que la discusión sobre el financiamiento climático avanza y atiende los impactos del cambio climático. Necesitamos ver señales reales de que <strong>los líderes globales harán de 2015 el año de la acción climática</strong>.</p> <p>Puedes mantenerte al día de todo lo que está pasando en la COP y unirte a nuestras campañas siguiéndonos en Twitter: <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/oxfam_es" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@oxfam_es</a></strong>. Y también puedes pasar la voz. ¡Comparte este blog y cuéntale a todo el mundo todo lo que está en juego en esta COP!</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>La conferencia climática en Lima: Las 6 preguntas y respuestas que debes saber sobre la COP20</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions" title="UN Climate Conference in Lima: what&#039;s happening and why it really matters in 6 questions" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-12-02-la-conference-des-nations-unies-sur-le-climat-a-lima-en-six-questions" title="La conférence des Nations unies sur le climat à Lima en six questions" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 01 Dec 2014 10:58:01 +0000 Frank Boeren 24061 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-12-01-la-conferencia-clim%C3%A1tica-en-lima-las-6-preguntas-y-respuestas-que-debes-saber-sobre#comments UN Climate Conference in Lima: what's happening and why it really matters in 6 questions http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24024 <div class="field field-name-body"><p dir="ltr">Without a serious commitment to fighting climate change, the world is set for <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/nov/02/rapid-carbon-emission-cuts-severe-impact-climate-change-ipcc-report">“<strong>severe, widespread, and irreversible impacts</strong>”</a>. The impacts of an already rapidly changing climate are being felt all around the world and there's simply no time left for inaction. This is especially true here in Peru.</p> <p dir="ltr">That's why we're seeing ever growing pressure for serious global action on climate change. In September <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-09-26-peoples-climate-march-around-world-pictures-biggest-climate-mobilisation-ever">over 650,000 people</a></strong> around the world took to the streets and joined the largest ever public mobilisation on climate change – calling for political leaders to make vital, life-saving commitments to act. Now decision makers have the chance to come together and clearly signal their intent to make climate action real.</p> <p dir="ltr">The UNFCCC's (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) 20th Conference of the Parties (COP) in Lima, Peru is the next step on the road to securing the ambitious global climate deal we all need. Here we have a breakdown of what you need to know to get up to speed on this crucial climate negotiation.</p> <h3 dir="ltr">Where and when?</h3> <p dir="ltr">The <strong><a href="http://unfccc.int/meetings/lima_dec_2014/meeting/8141.php" target="_blank">COP20 conference</a></strong> runs from the 1st – 12th of December in Lima, Peru.</p> <h3 dir="ltr">Who's going to be there?</h3> <p>Delegates from all 196 parties to the 1992 UNFCCC treaty. This group includes all UN member countries (called states) and bodies such as the European Union and the Holy See (the Vatican’s representation).</p> <h3 dir="ltr">What's happening at the COP?</h3> <p dir="ltr">COP20 is a global meeting under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (the UNFCCC). Parties will discuss key details ahead of the negotiations for a proposed global climate deal at the Paris COP at the end of 2015.</p> <p dir="ltr">Crucially, COP20 is also a chance for countries to overcome the problems with current climate finance plans. Developed countries have already promised to mobilize<strong> $100 billion per year by 2020 to help the world's poorest countries</strong> deal with the effects of climate change. Right now though, the <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2014-11-20/pledges-green-climate-fund-reach-bare-minimum-are-important-step">Green Climate Fund</a></strong> (the system that a large proportion of this money is expected to pass through) is falling way short of this and has seen pledges of less than $10 billion.</p> <h3 dir="ltr">Why is this conference so important?</h3> <p dir="ltr">The COP is an opportunity for governments from around the world – rich and poor - to come together to act on climate change.</p> <p dir="ltr">Climate change is harming food production and increasing hunger right now - and things are only set to get worse if we don't see serious action from world leaders. By 2050, 50 million more people (equivalent to the population of Spain) will be at risk of going hungry because of climate change.</p> <p dir="ltr">That's why we need big commitments on climate finance (to help adaptation efforts - dealing with the current effects) and ambitious aims for mitigation (reducing emissions and therefore the impact climate change will have) to be decided in Paris next year.</p> <h3 dir="ltr">Why does it matter that Peru is the venue?</h3> <p dir="ltr">Peru is one of the many countries on the front lines of the fight against climate change. Right now over 80% of the production of staple food in Peru is extremely vulnerable to droughts and agricultural production in the whole Andean region could fall between 12-50% in the next decades as a result of climate change.</p> <p dir="ltr">The people of Peru are directly feeling the pressure of our changing climate, bringing the world's attention to Lima now offers a chance to put the stories of people being affected at the heart of these negotiations.</p> <h3 dir="ltr">What can I do?</h3> <p dir="ltr">The COP in Lima is a crucial stepping stone on a path to truly tackling climate change. We need to see real movement on climate finance to deal with the impacts of climate change and real signs that world leaders are going to make 2015 a year of climate action.</p> <p>You can keep up to date with everything going on at the COP and joing in our campaigns by <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam">following us on Twitter</a></strong>, join the campaign to stop <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/node/5266">climate change making people hungry</a></strong> and you can spread the word about how important a moment the Lima COP is by sharing this blog with all your friends!</p> <p><em>Or retweet this:</em></p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Before <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> activists in Peru unveiled this banner at the Huaca Pucllana ruins in Lima. RT if you agree <a href="http://t.co/FvLQzgfmIk">pic.twitter.com/FvLQzgfmIk</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/539049224894418944">November 30, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>UN Climate Conference in Lima: what&#039;s happening and why it really matters in 6 questions</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-12-01-la-conferencia-clim%C3%A1tica-en-lima-las-6-preguntas-y-respuestas-que-debes-saber-sobre" title="La conferencia climática en Lima: Las 6 preguntas y respuestas que debes saber sobre la COP20" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-12-02-la-conference-des-nations-unies-sur-le-climat-a-lima-en-six-questions" title="La conférence des Nations unies sur le climat à Lima en six questions" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 01 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Frank Boeren 24024 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/24024#comments Thousands marching for climate justice in Poland http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10513 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>This weekend, thousands of people marched at the <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-11-11-three-reasons-i-hope-poland-climate-talks-are-just-poland">UN climate talks in Warsaw</a></strong>, to send the message that we must stop climate change now.</p> <p>Among the people gathered was a vibrant group of Oxfam activists who had taken a train all the way from Belgium to tell governments from around the world how important climate jutsice is. Armed with placards, balloons, face paint and chants (all of them green), they wowed us with their energy and passion. Of course, the fact that they're so enthusiastic should be no surprise - <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/climate" rel="nofollow">climate change is hitting poor people hard around the world</a>.</strong></p> <p></p> <p>Our ebullient activists had one particular message for world leaders: <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-11-13-four-reasons-why-oxfam-big-heads-campaigning-poland-climate-talks">a climate crisis is a food crisis</a></strong>. Rising temperatures are having a huge impact on food. Unless we get climate change under control, food prices will keep rising, floods and droughts will devastate harvests, more crops will fail, food quality will drop, farmers around the world will struggle to cope, and millions more people will be trapped by chronic hunger.</p> <p>We can prevent this from becoming our new reality. But the time for action is now. Climate change is a global problem; world leaders need to take clear steps towards a global response at the climate talks in Poland - now.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/apr/04/climate-change-renewableenergy" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong></strong></a><strong>Blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-11-15-warsaw-good-polands-role-climate-change-talks">Warsaw: What is it good for? Poland’s role in the climate change talks</a></strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-11-15-warsaw-good-polands-role-climate-change-talks"></a></p> <p><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-11-13-four-reasons-why-oxfam-big-heads-campaigning-poland-climate-talks">What is Oxfam calling for at the UN Climate Talks in Poland</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/5-natural-disasters-beg-climate-action" rel="nofollow">5 natural disasters that beg for climate action</a></strong></p> <p><strong></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Thousands marching for climate justice in Poland</h2></div> Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:45:22 +0000 Al Kinley 10513 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10513#comments Emotivo discurso del embajador de Filipinas: un poderoso alegato para luchar contra el cambio climático http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-11-12-emotivo-discurso-embajador-filipinas-poderoso-alegato-contra-cambio.climatico <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Ayer, durante la jornada inaugural de la <a href="http://unfccc.int/meetings/warsaw_nov_2013/session/7767.php" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">cumbre del clima de la ONU</a> en Varsovia, representantes de países de todo el mundo llenaron la sala de conferencias para escuchar a Yeb Sano, principal negociador sobre el clima de Filipinas. En su intervención, describió “la devastación inimaginable, horrible y sin precedentes que el tifón Haiyan ha dejado a su paso –el mayor tifón de la historia reciente–”</strong>.</p> <p>En un <strong><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SSXLIZkM3E" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">emotivo llamamiento</a></strong>, Yeb relató su agónica espera hasta que tuvo noticias de sus familiares, el alivio que sintió cuando supo que su hermano había sobrevivido, así como las traumáticas experiencias que ha sufrido durante los últimos días, en los que “hambriento y exhausto, amontonaba los cadáveres de las víctimas con sus propias manos.” </p> <p>Fue, con diferencia, la intervención más emotiva que he escuchado desde que, hace años, empecé a seguir las idas y venidas de las negociaciones sobre el clima. Las conmovedoras y poderosas palabras llenaron la enorme y tan a menudo desangelada sala de conferencias, y devolvieron a los asistentes a la realidad de lo que supone el cambio climático para algunas de las personas más pobres y vulnerables del mundo. Las lágrimas corrían por las mejillas de muchos de los presentes.  </p> <h3><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/oxfam-extreme-weather-revised.png" target="_blank"></a>Clima extremo</h3> <p>Si bien es imposible discernir si una tormenta, inundación u ola de calor en concreto se debe al cambio climático, la comunidad científica tiene claro que los fenómenos meteorológicos extremos como el tifón Haiyan serán más frecuentes según avanza el calentamiento mundial.   </p> <p><strong>No hay razones más convincentes que las palabras de Yeb Sano para reducir las emisiones de gases</strong> y ayudar a los países pobres a prepararse y adaptarse a un clima cada vez más extremo y errático. Sin embargo, no parece nada claro que los representantes de los países sentados en la mesa de negociaciones en Varsovia estén listos para reaccionar con la urgencia necesaria.   </p> <p><strong>Las personas que viven en las zonas devastadas de Filipinas necesitan de manera inmediata alimentos, agua y atención médica, y <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/emergencies/tifon-haiyan" rel="nofollow">Oxfam está trabajando duro</a></strong> para proporcionar agua apta para el consumo y saneamiento a las familias de las zonas más afectadas. Pero las comunidades pobres de Filipinas, Bangladesh, Mozambique, Guatemala y el resto del mundo también necesitan ayuda para asegurarse de que puedan prepararse y adaptarse a un clima cada vez más extremo y errático.</p> <h3>Detengamos esta locura</h3> <p><strong>Los Gobiernos pueden demostrar que realmente estaban escuchando a Yeb Sano</strong> y que están listos para reaccionar de manera urgente contra el cambio climático acordando en Varsovia la creación de un mecanismo internacional sobre la pérdida y el daño que aborde los efectos del cambio climático a los que no sea posible adaptarse  –como la pérdida de vidas o la destrucción de un país–.  </p> <p>Los países desarrollados también deben declarar cómo van a cumplir la promesa que hicieron hace cuatro años en Copenhague de aportar 100.000 millones de dólares anuales a partir de 2020 para abordar el cambio climático; y deben  anunciar un compromiso financiero aquí y ahora para ayudar a los países pobres a afrontar los efectos del cambio climático. </p> <p>Los países pobres que se encuentran en primera línea antes los efectos del cambio climático necesitan saber que ese dinero estará disponible, que no provendrá de presupuestos de ayuda ya existentes y que no se concederá en forma de préstamos que difícilmente podrían devolver. Si bien es innegable que se trata de una cantidad de dinero considerable, es una gota de agua en el océano comparado con las inmensas sumas de dinero –hasta 90.000 millones de dólares anuales– que los países desarrollados gastaron en subsidios para los combustibles fósiles entre 2005 y 2011. </p> <p>Como dijo Yeb Sano, “Lo que está sufriendo mi país como resultado de este fenómeno meteorológico extremo es una locura. <strong>La crisis climática es una locura… y podemos parar esta locura aquí mismo, en Varsovia</strong>”. </p> <p> </p> <h3>Más información</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/emergencies/tifon-haiyan" rel="nofollow">Haz un donativo para el trabajo de emergencia de Oxfam en Filipinas </a></strong></p> <p><strong>Lee el blog: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/es/blogs/13-11-12-tres-razones-por-las-que-espero-que-conversaciones-sobre-clima-en-polonia-sean-como-pais-anfitrion">Tres razones por las que espero que las conversaciones sobre el clima en Polonia sean como el país anfitrión</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Únete a la <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/crece/signup" rel="nofollow">campaña CRECE</a> de Oxfam</strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Emotivo discurso del embajador de Filipinas: un poderoso alegato para luchar contra el cambio climático </h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-11-12-un-plaidoyer-vibrant-de-l%E2%80%99ambassadeur-des-philippines-pour-la-lutte-contre-le-changem" title="Un plaidoyer vibrant de l’ambassadeur des Philippines pour la lutte contre le changement climatique " class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_en last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-11-12-climate-talks-philippines-rep-announces-fast-people-affected-typhoon-haiyan" title="Philippines rep&#039;s tearful testimony makes compelling case for climate action" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Tue, 12 Nov 2013 17:07:21 +0000 Al Kinley 10504 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-11-12-emotivo-discurso-embajador-filipinas-poderoso-alegato-contra-cambio.climatico#comments