Oxfam International Blogs - g20 http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/tags/g20 es Report from the G20 in Turkey: Will action follow promises? http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/29815 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>The 2015 G20 leaders' summit, which has just concluded here in Antalya, Turkey, has made welcome progress in tackling the refugee crisis and taken some tentative steps towards the widening gap between rich and poor. However, the G20 has done little to build momentum toward an ambitious climate deal.</p> <p>The good news is that G20 leaders have shown, in their commitments to refugees, that where there is a will there's a way. They have recognized, for the first time, the scale of the refugee crisis and the need for a comprehensive approach to address it. This is a big deal and should be celebrated.</p> <p>As conflicts continue to rage across the globe, millions of people have been forced to flee their homes -- often taking desperate measures and using risky and at times fatal routes in the search for a safe and dignified life. There are nearly 60 million displaced people around the world. More people have been forced to flee their homes than at any time since World War Two and the number is rising.</p> <p><strong>The G20's commitment to a </strong><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2015-11-16/g20-sets-stage-bold-new-deal-refugees-offers-little-climate-change" rel="nofollow">bold new deal for refugees</a> -- ensuring their right to work, access healthcare and education and provide safe and legal routes to other countries -- could make a huge difference to the lives of millions of people. The commitment by the Canadian Prime Minister -- reaffirmed at the G20 -- to <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/canada-justin-trudeau-syrian-refugees_564350b5e4b08cda3486cda9" rel="nofollow">resettle 25,000 refugees by January</a> is a hugely helpful contribution to this.</p> <p>The real work begins now<strong> </strong>-- translating the G20's words into action over the next weeks and months. Implementing the G20's commitments will require a concerted effort by G20 countries, international agencies, host countries and the private sector. Urgency is the order of the day, as the situation for refugees continues to deteriorate. <strong>Unfortunately the strong leadership shown on refugees was not matched on climate change. </strong>G20 leaders offered a fairly bland backing for a climate deal. They remained silent on many of the crunch issues including the need for increased climate finance, the need for more ambitious emissions reductions in the short term or a long-term goal to fairly phase-out all fossil fuel emissions. More ambitious cuts are needed if the world is to avoid catastrophic climate change.</p> <p>The G20 also had nothing to say on the adaptation funding gap. Developed countries currently provide an estimated US$4-$5 billion in grants a year to help poor countries adapt -- a fraction of the estimated US150 billion that is needed -- yet continue to find billions of dollars in subsidies for the fossil fuel industry. This is simply outrageous.</p> <p>There was better news for those concerned about the growing gap between rich and poor. The G20 signalled an important change of direction when it acknowledged you can't have growth unless you tackle inequality.  If this realization is followed by action -- including more investment in education and healthcare -- those at the bottom of the economic pile may, at last, get a foot on the ladder.</p> <p><strong>But reducing inequality also requires fixing the global tax system.</strong> As expected G20 Leaders endorsed the OECD Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) tax reform package, which has been two years in the making. This is a step forward but it will not stop rich and poor countries alike <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/still-broken-governments-must-do-more-fix-international-corporate-tax-system" rel="nofollow">losing billions of dollars in tax revenues</a> to the corporate tax cheats. It is positive that the G20 recognizes the role of other international organizations, like the UN, IMF and World Bank to work with the OECD on the tax reform agenda. These organizations now need to work together with all governments -- including developing nations who have been largely shut out of the BEPS process -- to agree a second generation of tax reforms that build on the BEPS project.</p> <p><strong>The overall verdict? </strong>This was a good summit, with more positive outcomes than I have seen in the last 6 years of attending these meetings. But even where the Leaders made the right commitments, action is what counts.  For that, we will have to watch carefully over the next few months.</p> <p><a href="https://g20.org/g20-leaders-commenced-the-antalya-summit/" rel="nofollow">Read the G20 Turkey 2015 leaders'communique.</a></p> <p><em>This entry was posted by Steve Price-Thomas, Oxfam International's Deputy Advocacy and Campaigns Director, and G20 Summit Team Lead, on 19 November 2015.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Kayban Ozer/Anadolu Agency, via European Council</em></p> <p><em>Originally posted on rabble.ca as <a href="http://rabble.ca/news/2015/11/report-antalya-will-action-follow-g20-promises" rel="nofollow">Report from Antalya: Will action follow G20 promises?</a></em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="http://oxf.am/ZAzr" rel="nofollow"><strong>Help stop climate change making people hungry</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Report from the G20 in Turkey: Will action follow promises?</h2></div> Thu, 19 Nov 2015 13:03:11 +0000 Steve Price-Thomas 29815 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/29815#comments The G20, and how our governments are bankrolling the business of climate change http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/29418 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>As the leaders of the G20 - the world’s most powerful economies - gather in Turkey this weekend, they’ll have Paris on their minds. The G20 is the last major summit before the crucial Paris climate talks - and leaders know that they’ll be back together in just two week’s time - to try to hash out a global deal to avoid dangerous climate change.</p> <p>Meanwhile, the V20 - finance ministers from twenty of the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/nations-most-threatened-by-climate-change-form-vulnerable-20-group_5616656be4b0082030a136f8" rel="nofollow">world's most climate vulnerable countries</a> - have come together ahead of Paris. From flood-prone Bangladesh to storm-ravaged Philippines, they are joining forces to highlight the current and future burdens that climate change will place on national economies. They want to see a deal which puts those most impacted by climate change first - this means one that includes increased public financial support for their growing adaptation needs.</p> <p>And this is where the challenge lies.</p> <p>While developed countries claim that they are on track to meet their commitment to mobilise $100bn climate finance by 2020 for developing countries, the money is not getting to the poorest and most vulnerable people - those that even in a two degrees world will face huge difficulties, enormous costs and will struggle to cope. This is because funding for adaptation is being neglected. Oxfam estimates that only $4bn to $5bn is actually flowing as much-needed grants aimed at helping communities become more resilient to the impacts of climate change.</p> <h3>Skewed priorities</h3> <p>While vulnerable communities are being short-changed, the irony is that polluters continue to receive financial support.</p> <p>Despite having pledged to phase-out fossil fuel subsidies in 2009, G20 governments are still finding the space in their budgets to give a <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2015-11-13/g20-spends-over-15-times-more-fossil-fuels-developed-countries" rel="nofollow">substantial amount of cash to the fossil fuel industry</a> - either by subsidising companies directly, or by handing out tax breaks which mean missing out on government revenues. In 2013 and 2014, G20 governments gave an average of $78 billion in public funds to subsidise the production of fossil fuels - making it cheaper for companies to explore, drill, frack, dig and pollute. And this is just the beginning.</p> <p>The figure rises to a massive <a href="http://www.odi.org/publications/10058-production-subsidies-oil-gas-coal-fossil-fuels-g20-broken-promises" rel="nofollow">$452 billion</a> when other forms of government support are included - like cheap loans which help companies clinch export deals, as well as investment by state-owned fossil fuel companies.</p> <p>These subsidies are not simply a waste of money. By bankrolling the business of climate change, they are effectively piling up the costs on vulnerable countries. Predictably it’s the poorest people who pay the biggest price as climate change makes it harder to grow enough food to eat.</p> <h3>No more excuses on the climate finance front</h3> <p>The continued doling out of fossil fuel subsidies blows a hole in developed country excuses about not being able to provide climate finance guarantees. There’s no need to keep taking from stretched aid budgets - the money’s there, it’s just being put in the wrong place and must urgently be reallocated.</p> <p>How a few example countries compare:</p> <p><img alt="Fossil fuel subsidies, country comparison" title="Fossil fuel subsidies, country comparison" height="235" width="596" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/country-comparison-fuel-subsidies.png" /></p> <p>Emerging G20 economies too will need to join in the phasing-out of fossil fuel subsidies if we are to have any chance of staying below two degrees. While production subsidies - unlike consumption subsidies - are not primarily designed to lower people’s bills, their removal should be done in a sensitive way, to ensure that lower-income and vulnerable groups do not suffer any negative effects.  </p> <h3>What the G20 can do for Paris</h3> <p>It is time for the G20 to stand in solidarity with vulnerable nations, stop paying the polluters, shift the subsidies, and support a new commitment for scaled-up adaptation finance in the new Paris agreement.</p> <p><em>This entry posted by Kiri Hanks, Oxfam Energy Policy Advisor, on 13 November 2015.</em></p> <p><em>Photo: Nur Lina, 52, pulls paddy rice seedlings ready for transplanting in the rice fields which are now being used but which were damaged by the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004. Lho-nga village, District Aceh Besar, Aceh Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Credit: Jim Holmes/Oxfam, November 2014</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/climate-countdown-cop21#eyes" rel="nofollow"><strong>Keep your #EyesonParis! Join the call for a fair climate deal</strong></a></p> <p><strong>Share our new infographic:</strong></p> <p><img alt="G20 fossil fuel subsidies compared to climate adaptation finance" title="G20 fossil fuel subsidies compared to climate adaptation finance" height="1307" width="1600" class="media-element file-default" typeof="foaf:Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/g20-fuel-subsidies-eng-final-infographic-optim.jpg" /></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-10-16-women-farmers-challenge-world-leaders-change-climate-agenda"><strong>Women farmers challenge world leaders to change climate agenda</strong></a></p> <p><em>1-Public funds for fossil fuel subsidies vs public grant-based adaptation finance. Adaptation grants are figures that are self-reported by each government, and are for 2014, apart from Australia, whose latest publicly available figures are from 2013. All are for grants targeted at adaptation, and the UK’s total also includes the relevant share of cross-cutting projects.</em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>The G20, and how our governments are bankrolling the business of climate change</h2></div> Fri, 13 Nov 2015 14:29:34 +0000 Kiri Hanks 29418 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/29418#comments Unfair international taxation undermines economic, political and social development progress http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10661 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/business-among-friends-why-corporate-tax-dodgers-are-not-yet-losing-sleep-over-global-tax-ref" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Oxfam’s report</a></strong> showing how developing countries have been marginalised in the process of reforming the rules for taxing multinational enterprises has been well received – unsurprisingly, perhaps, since the evidence of political marginalisation and of lost revenues is fairly clear.</p> <p>Yet, here we are accused of such a lack of understanding that our suggestions “would actually reduce the wages of the workers in those poor countries.”</p> <p>Tim Worstall of the Adam Smith Institute argues in his blog, <strong><a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/timworstall/2014/05/04/apparently-oxfam-is-entirely-ignorant-of-the-economics-of-taxation/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">‘Apparently Oxfam Is Entirely Ignorant Of The Economics Of Taxation’</a></strong>, the following:</p> <ol><li>Taxing corporate income (returns to capital) will discourage investment, so the optimal corporate tax rate is zero; </li> <li>Average wages in a country are determined by average productivity, which in turn depends on the level of capital; and therefore </li> <li>If the rules are changed to allow developing countries to tax corporate income more effectively, the effect will be to discourage investment and depress (average) wages.</li> </ol><p>On this basis, Mr. Worstall concludes that: “Oxfam is, quite literally, arguing that the wages of the poorest in the world must be reduced.” <strong>It should be clear that we are neither literally nor indeed metaphorically making such an argument.</strong> Here’s why. First, Mr. Worstall’s view – on its own, somewhat narrow economic terms – is unlikely to be realistic because it rests on a highly stylised model. The assumptions necessary are heroic, not least in relation to costless adjustment processes. As such, using this as the basis for understanding the likely effects of changes in corporate taxation globally may not give a terribly accurate picture. As leading conservative economist <strong><a href="http://scholar.harvard.edu/mankiw/home" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Greg Mankiw</a></strong> has written, “The theory of optimal taxation has yet to deliver clear guidance on a general system of history-dependent, coordinated labor and capital taxation for a realistically-calibrated economy.” Major issues include the difficulties of constructing effective alternatives that generate sufficient revenue and are not deeply regressive. Elsewhere, Mr Worstall has recognised at least some of these complexities of the real world approach to corporate tax – for example, here, where he considers a disagreement between Mankiw and Paul Krugman.  In addition, many studies including those from the IMF and McKinsey’s have shown that corporate tax rates have little bearing on investment location in developing countries.</p> <p>Mr. Worstall’s second point, that productivity depends on capital, is also unrealistic. Tax revenues are vital to the kind of social spending and public infrastructure investments that will raise productivity over time, making countries more attractive for investors – and given relative scarcity, simple economics would suggest higher returns to public spending in lower-income, lower-revenue states (all else being equal). Neither of the foundational statements to support Mr. Worstall’s conclusion can therefore be supported. The more important errors in Mr. Worstall’s criticism, however, are political. The approach taken fails to recognise all of the central features of the current context:</p> <ul><li>that nearly all countries still tax corporate income (despite the long-standing theoretical result), suggesting that there may be good reasons to do so; </li> <li>that the G8 and G20 have instigated a major action plan to combat the failure of the OECD’s rules to align profit with actual economic activity, suggesting that they want to tax corporate income more effectively; and </li> <li>that lower-income countries, in general, suffer more this misalignment (that is, their share of total taxable profits declared is disproportionately small compared to their share of economic activity).</li> </ul><p>Mr. Worstall’s criticism is to argue that because simple economic theory suggests corporate taxation in general may distort, we should not be concerned with its effectiveness in developing countries. If the power to operate such taxation effectively has been made a priority for the richest countries, should we not be concerned if developing countries are marginalised from that process, or if the changes made do not reflect their challenges? If developing countries in fact suffer worse under-reporting of taxable profit, does it not make a case for rule changes that reflect this? There may one day come a time when the context allows countries to eliminate corporate taxation (in favour, presumably, of much more effective individual income, capital gains and wealth taxation). Until such time, however, <strong>poorer countries and their citizens should not be deprived of the power sought by <a href="http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/list-oecd-member-countries.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">OECD members</a> to tax effectively the profits of multinational enterprises.</strong> Not only is this clearly unjust, but it is likely to undermine economic, political and social development progress.</p> <p>To paraphrase Mr. Worstall’s rather aggressive headline: Oxfam could only support such a position if we were entirely ignorant of the reality of international taxation. </p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Download the report - <a href="http://oxf.am/p5A" rel="nofollow">Business Among Friends: Why corporate tax dodgers are not yet losing sleep over global tax reform</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Read the post - <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-05-02-developing-countries-must-be-heart-global-tax-reform">Developing countries must be at the heart of Global Tax Reform </a>by Winnie Wyanyima</strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Unfair international taxation undermines economic, political and social development progress</h2></div> Thu, 08 May 2014 10:47:38 +0000 Claire Godfrey 10661 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10661#comments Developing countries must be at the heart of Global Tax Reform http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10681 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>After the world was plunged into a financial crisis, back in 2009, G20 leaders promised to clean up the international tax system, once and for all. The result – five years on – is a plan of action devised for them by the <strong><a href="http://www.oecd.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development</a></strong> (OECD) to tackle <strong><a href="http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/taxation/addressing-base-erosion-and-profit-shifting_9789264192744-en" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Base Erosion and Profit Shifting</a></strong> (BEPS), a series of tactics used by multinational companies to make profits ‘disappear’ or move to another country, to pay less or even avoid paying corporate taxation. </p> <p>This action plan is obviously a much needed and welcome step. The current dysfunctional international tax rules are allowing scores of multinational companies to pay minimal tax bills in the countries where economic production takes place, compared to the profits they are earning and often hiding offshore. They also fuel a system of unhealthy competition abused by companies, where developing countries enter into a race to the bottom to offer the most competitive tax rates and unfeasible tax breaks, in the hope of attracting foreign investment to their shores. And they exacerbate inequality, because it’s the least well-off economies who are being hit hardest. </p> <p>It’s estimated that the tax gap, in other words the amount of tax liability not paid by multinationals to developing countries, is about $104 billion a year. One discreet example of corporate tax dodging illustrates the kind of impact this has for the public; Peru’s tax administration audited just a fraction of corporate transactions involving transfer pricing in 2013, and uncovered a sum equivalent to US$ 105 million in unpaid tax - almost enough to fund the whole maternal neonatal public programme. </p> <p>So why, when developing countries are so obviously impacted and when better tax structures could be of such monumental benefit to poorer economies, are these nations not being involved in any plans for tax reform? <strong>The OECD’s negotiations have failed so far to include any developing countries in the process on an equal footing.</strong> There have been attempts to ‘consult’ some of them but on such a serious issue as an international tax reform, more than mere consultation is needed.  </p> <p>Currently the reform led by the OECD leaves four fifths of the planet on the side and is posing a huge risk that any revisions to global tax rules will only reflect the interests of the wealthiest and most powerful nations.</p> <p>Oxfam believes that any global talks to reform tax rules must include all countries, including the poorest. Policy makers and influencials representing the G20 and other OECD members must use the opportunity of the OECD Forum, taking place in Paris next week, to commit to doing this. </p> <p>If done properly, the G20/OECD BEPS project presents a unique opportunity to overhaul international corporate tax rules to the benefit of all economies, an opportunity too rare and important to be squandered. </p> <p>But beyond that, <strong>we need to raise our ambition on tax reform.</strong> Global governments should start seriously talking about the creation of a World Tax Authority with the mission to ensure that tax systems will deliver for the public interests in all countries.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Read the report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/business-among-friends" rel="nofollow">Business Among Friends. Why corporate tax dodgers are not yet losing sleep over global tax reform</a></strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/business-among-friends" rel="nofollow"></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Developing countries must be at the heart of Global Tax Reform</h2></div> Fri, 02 May 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 10681 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10681#comments Un mouvement international contre les inégalités est en marche http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10596 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>La nécessité d’agir contre l’aggravation des inégalités économiques, si préjudiciables, fait de plus en plus consensus.</strong> Dans son rapport présentant les perspectives pour 2014, le Forum économique mondial a classé l’accentuation des disparités de revenus au second rang des risques auxquels le monde devra faire face au cours des 12 à 18 prochains mois. Barack Obama en a fait une priorité pour l’Administration américaine en 2014. Le pape François a appelé les responsables économiques et financiers à « faire en sorte que l’humanité soit servie par la richesse et non gouvernée par elle ». La semaine dernière, Christine Lagarde, du FMI, a déclaré que les inégalités nuisent à la croissance dans le long terme et gâchent le potentiel humain. Ban Ki-moon, le secrétaire général de l’ONU, a exhorté la communauté internationale à lutter contre les inégalités entre régions et au sein même de chaque pays. Jim Kim, le président de la Banque mondiale a qualifié les inégalités de revenus de tache sur notre conscience collective et a engagé la banque à promouvoir une prospérité partagée. Le <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/policy/finir-inegalites-extremes" rel="nofollow">rapport publié à l’approche du forum de Davos</a></strong>, dans lequel Oxfam révélait que les 85 plus grandes fortunes mondiales possèdent autant que les 3,5 milliards de personnes les plus pauvres, a retenu l’attention du monde entier. </p> <p><strong>Nous avons un objectif commun ; ce qu’il nous faut à présent, c’est un plan d’action commun. </strong></p> <p>Chaque pays, chaque région se trouve dans une situation particulière, et il n’y a pas de solution unique. Mais une chose est sûre : dans les pays qui sont parvenus à réduire les inégalités, l’application d’une fiscalité progressive a joué un rôle important, en permettant aux États d’investir dans des services de santé et d’éducation de qualité pour leurs citoyennes et citoyens les plus pauvres. </p> <h3>Des centaines de milliards de dollars détournés </h3> <p>Au cours des trente dernières années, un réseau grandissant de paradis fiscaux a permis d’escamoter des sommes astronomiques à travers le monde. Selon nos estimations, nous pouvons affirmer sans exagérer que <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/eu/pressroom/pressrelease/2013-05-22/la-moitie-des-milliards-prives-caches-dans-les-paradis-fiscaux" rel="nofollow">18 500 milliards de dollars se trouvent sur des comptes offshore</a></strong>. La majeure partie de ces fortunes échappe à toute taxation. Autant dire que des milliards de dollars, qui pourraient servir à lutter contre la pauvreté et à dynamiser l’économie, sont détournés.</p> <p>Ce réseau opaque facilite également d’importantes fuites de capitaux des pays les plus pauvres. En 2011, quelque 950 milliards de dollars sont sortis des pays en développement dans des flux financiers illicites. On estime qu’entre 2008 et 2010, l’Afrique subsaharienne a ainsi perdu 63,4 milliards de dollars par an en moyenne, ce qui correspond quasiment aux fonds nécessaires à vingt pays pauvres pour <strong><a href="http://www.oecd.org/fr/dev/documentdetravailducentrededeveloppementno306unenouvelleestimationdescoutsdesobjectifsdumillenairepourledeveloppementdansuneperspectivedemobilisationdesressourcesinterieures.htm" rel="nofollow">combler leur déficit de financement des objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement</a></strong>.</p> <p>Dans le même temps, un effet de nivellement par le bas sur les pays à régime fiscal très faible a en outre contribué à sans cesse réduire les taux d’imposition des sociétés et des grandes fortunes. Par exemple, en 2011, la Zambie – où plus des deux tiers de la population vivent dans l’extrême pauvreté – a exporté du cuivre pour 10 milliards de dollars, alors que l’État n’a perçu sur cette ressource que 240 millions de dollars.</p> <h3>Il est grand temps d'agir </h3> <p>L’an dernier, reconnaissant que, pour que la prospérité soit durable, elle doit être partagée de manière plus équitable, le G20 a adopté un plan ambitieux visant à réprimer les évasions fiscales des multinationales. Les responsables politiques doivent maintenant se retrousser les manches.</p> <p><strong>De nouvelles règles internationales sur l’évasion fiscale des entreprises sont nécessaires.</strong> Il importe de considérer la réduction des inégalités comme un indicateur de progrès, au même titre que la croissance du PIB. Enfin, l’investissement dans des services publics de santé et d’éducation de qualité constituera un investissement essentiel dans la productivité et dans un monde plus égalitaire.</p> <h3>Sur le même sujet</h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/fr/blogs/14-01-23-finir-inegalites-extremes-menaces-democratie"></a><strong>Blog : <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/fr/blogs/14-01-23-finir-inegalites-extremes-menaces-democratie">En finir avec les inégalités extrêmes, menaces pour la démocratie</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Rapport : <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/policy/finir-inegalites-extremes" rel="nofollow">Confiscation politique et inégalités économiques</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Un mouvement international contre les inégalités est en marche</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-02-12-toward-international-movement-tackle-inequality" title="Toward an international movement to tackle inequality" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-02-13-hacia-un-movimiento-internacional-para-hacer-frente-la-desigualdad" title="Hacia un movimiento internacional para hacer frente a la desigualdad" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Thu, 13 Feb 2014 12:01:08 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 10596 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10596#comments Hacia un movimiento internacional para hacer frente a la desigualdad http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-02-13-hacia-un-movimiento-internacional-para-hacer-frente-la-desigualdad <div class="field field-name-body"><p>El consenso internacional sobre la necesidad de tomar medidas contra la creciente y perniciosa  desigualdad es cada vez mayor:</p> <ul><li>en su informe Perspectivas de la Agenda Mundial 2014, el Foro Económico Mundial (WEF, por sus siglas en inglés) clasifica las cada vez mayores disparidades como el segundo mayor riesgo mundial para los próximos 12 a 18 meses; </li> <li>el presidente Obama la ha convertido en una cuestión prioritaria para su Administración en 2014; el Papa Francisco ha hecho un llamamiento a los líderes empresariales a "garantizar que la riqueza esté al servicio de la humanidad y no la gobierne”; </li> <li>Christine Lagarde del FMI afirmó la semana pasada que la desigualdad menoscaba el crecimiento a largo plazo y desperdicia el potencial humano; </li> <li>el secretario general de Naciones Unidas, Ban Ki-moon, ha urgido a la comunidad internacional a abordar las desigualdades entre regiones y dentro de los propios países; </li> <li>el presidente del Banco Mundial, Jim Kim, ha descrito la grave desigualdad en los ingresos como una mancha en nuestra conciencia colectiva y se comprometió a garantizar que el Banco promueva la prosperidad compartida; </li> <li>y el <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/policy/gobernar-para-las-%C3%A9lites" rel="nofollow">reciente informe de Oxfam</a></strong>, publicado justo antes de la celebración del WEF en Davos y en el que revelaba que las 85 personas más ricas del mundo poseen tantas riquezas como los 3.500 millones de personas más pobres, ha captado la atención internacional. </li> </ul><p>Tenemos unos objetivos comunes. Ahora lo que necesitamos es un plan de acción también común. </p> <p>Cada región y cada nación se encuentran en sus propias circunstancias y no existe una solución única que funcione para todo el mundo. Pero sabemos que en aquellos países en los que se ha logrado reducir con éxito la desigualdad, las políticas fiscales progresivas han sido una importante herramienta que ha permitido a los Gobiernos invertir en una atención sanitaria y una educación de calidad para sus ciudadanos y ciudadanas más pobres. </p> <p><strong>La lucha contra los paraísos fiscales</strong></p> <p>En los últimos 30 años,<strong> <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/es/eu/pressroom/pressrelease/2013-05-22/miles-de-millones-de-dinero-privado-escondidos-en-paraisos-fiscales" rel="nofollow">una red global en expansión de paraísos fiscales ha permitido ocultar enormes riquezas</a></strong> que estimamos  –de forma muy prudente– en 18,5 billones de dólares. Estos billones no sujetos a impuestos implican miles de millones que no se recaudan y que se podrían invertir en combatir la pobreza e impulsar economías.</p> <p>Esta opaca red también facilita la salida de grandes capitales de los países más pobres. En 2011, cerca de 950.000 millones de dólares salieron de países en vía de desarrollo a través de flujos financieros ilícitos. Se estima que entre 2008 y 2010, el África subsahariana perdió de esta forma una media de 63.400 millones de dólares cada año; casi lo mismo que costaría financiar la brecha económica que separa a 20 países pobres de alcanzar sus Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio.  </p> <p>Al mismo tiempo la carrera por convertirse en jurisdicciones con impuestos bajos  ha contribuido aún más a que haya tasas impositivas –tanto para empresas como para personas– aún más bajas y que benefician a las grandes corporaciones y a los más ricos. Por ejemplo, en Zambia las exportaciones de cobre generaron 10.000 millones de dólares en 2011 y, sin embargo, los ingresos que generaron para el Gobierno fueron de tan sólo 240 millones de dólares. Esto en un país en el que más de dos tercios de la población viven sumidos en la extrema pobreza. </p> <p><strong>Tiempo de actuar</strong></p> <p>El pasado año, en reconocimiento de que para que la prosperidad sea sostenida deben ser compartida de forma más igualitaria, el G20 respaldó un plan para frenar la evasión y elusión  fiscal corporativa. Ahora los líderes deben ponerse manos a la obra.</p> <p>Se necesitan nuevas normas para detener la evasión y elusión fiscal. Es importante hacer de la reducción de la desigualdad una medida de progreso como lo es el crecimiento del PIB. Invertir en una atención sanitaria y una educación de alta calidad es invertir en productividad y en un mundo más justo.</p> <h3><strong>Más entradas de Winnie Byanyima:</strong></h3> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/es/blogs/14-01-23-debemos-acabar-con-la-desigualdad-extrema-la-gran-amenaza-para-el-progreso-humano">Gobernar para las élites: desigualdad y amenaza para la democracia</a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-10-23-capturing-africas-missing-billions-and-making-it-work-its-people">Capturing Africa's missing billions and making it work for its people</a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Hacia un movimiento internacional para hacer frente a la desigualdad</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/14-02-12-toward-international-movement-tackle-inequality" title="Toward an international movement to tackle inequality" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-02-13-mouvement-international-contre-inegalites-marche" title="Un mouvement international contre les inégalités est en marche" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Thu, 13 Feb 2014 11:27:32 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 10595 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-02-13-hacia-un-movimiento-internacional-para-hacer-frente-la-desigualdad#comments Toward an international movement to tackle inequality http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10594 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>International agreement on the need to take action against rising and damaging economic inequality is gathering pace.</p> <ul><li>The <strong>World Economic Forum</strong>’s (WEF) ‘<a href="http://www.weforum.org/reports/outlook-global-agenda-2014" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Outlook on the Global Agenda 2014</strong></a>’ ranks widening income disparities as the second greatest worldwide risk in the coming 12 to 18 months.</li> <li><strong>President Obama</strong> has made it a priority for his administration 2014.</li> <li><strong>Pope Francis</strong> has called on business leaders to “<a href="http://forumblog.org/2014/01/pope-francis-message-davos-2014/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>ensure that humanity is served by wealth and not ruled by it</strong></a>.”</li> <li>The <strong>IMF’s Christine Lagarde</strong> last week said <a href="http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/2014/NEW020314A.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>inequality damages long term growth</strong></a> and wastes human potential.</li> <li><strong>UN head Ban Ki-moon</strong> has urged the international community to tackle inequalities between regions and within countries.</li> <li><strong>World Bank President Jim Kim</strong> has described massive income inequality as a <a href="http://www.unmultimedia.org/tv/unifeed/2013/07/ga-inequality/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>stain on our collective conscience</strong></a> and committed the Bank to advancing shared prosperity.</li> <li><strong>Oxfam’s</strong> <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/working-for-the-few-economic-inequality" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>recent report</strong></a> ahead of the Davos WEF, revealing that the world’s 85 wealthiest people have as much wealth as the poorest 3.5 billion people, has received <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2014/01/20/davos-2014-oxfam-85-richest-people-half-world/4655337/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>worldwide attention</strong></a>.</li> </ul><p>We have a shared agenda – now what’s needed is a shared plan of action. </p> <p>Each nation and region has its own circumstances, and there is no one-size fits-all solution. But we know that in countries which have successfully reduced inequality, progressive taxation has been an important tool, enabling governments to invest in good quality health care and education for their poorest citizens.</p> <h3>Tackling tax havens</h3> <p>In the last 30 years, an expanding global network of tax havens has hidden huge amounts of wealth - we conservatively estimate <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/eu/pressroom/pressrelease/2013-05-22/tax-havens-private-billions-could-end-extreme-poverty-twice-over" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>$18.5 trillion is held offshore</strong></a>. This is largely untaxed, holding back billions that could be spent on tackling poverty and boosting economies.</p> <p>This network of secrecy also facilitates the draining of large amounts of capital from the poorest countries. Some $950 billion left developing countries in 2011 in illicit financial flows. It is estimated that between 2008 and 2010, sub-Saharan Africa lost on average $63.4bn in this way each year – almost exactly the <a href="http://www.oecd.org/social/poverty/49301301.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>financing gap</strong> </a>between what 20 poor countries have and what they need to meet the Millennium Development Goals.  </p> <p>At the same time, the ‘race to the bottom’ effect of very low tax jurisdictions has further contributed to ever-lower corporate and personal tax rates for the richest individuals and corporations. In Zambia for example, copper exports in 2011 generated $10 billion, while government revenues from the resource were just $240 million – this in a country where more than two-thirds of people live in extreme poverty.</p> <h3>Time for action</h3> <p>Last year, acknowledging that for prosperity to be sustained it must be shared more equally, the <a href="https://www.g20.org/sites/default/files/g20_resources/library/Saint_Petersburg_Declaration_ENG.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>G20 endorsed a plan</strong></a> to clamp down on tax dodging by multinational corporates. Now leaders must get down to the work.</p> <p>New global rules on corporate tax dodging are needed. Making inequality reduction a measure of progress alongside GDP growth is important. And investing in high-quality public health and education services will be crucial investments in productivity and a more equal world.</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/horacek-cartoon-aus-1200x776.jpg"></a></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p>More from Winnie Byanyima:</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-01-22-working-few-inequality-and-threat-democracy"><strong>Working for the Few: Inequality and the threat to democracy</strong></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-10-23-capturing-africas-missing-billions-and-making-it-work-its-people"><strong>Capturing Africa's missing billions and making it work for its people</strong></a></p> <p>See also:</p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-02-10-3-ways-tax-can-help-close-inequality-gap"><strong>3 ways tax justice can help close the inequality gap</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Toward an international movement to tackle inequality</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-02-13-hacia-un-movimiento-internacional-para-hacer-frente-la-desigualdad" title="Hacia un movimiento internacional para hacer frente a la desigualdad" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-02-13-mouvement-international-contre-inegalites-marche" title="Un mouvement international contre les inégalités est en marche" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:02 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 10594 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10594#comments What is Oxfam calling for at the G20 Summit in St. Petersburg, Russia http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10420 <div class="field field-name-body"><h3>Listen: Tax dodging &amp; Syria – why the G20 matters</h3> <p>Oxfam's Emma Seery reports from St Petersburg:</p> <a href="https://audioboo.fm/boos/1582521-tax-dodging-syria-emma-seery-reports-on-why-the-g20-matters" rel="nofollow">listen to ‘#Tax dodging &amp; #Syria: Emma Seery reports on why the G20 matters ’ on Audioboo</a> <p>The <a href="http://www.g20.org/docs/about/about_G20.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>G20</strong></a> – or group of 20 – meets every year to discuss key issues in the global economy.</p> <p>Collectively, the G20 economies represent 90% of global GDP, 80% of global trade and two-thirds of the world's population. It’s a powerful group. Its efforts to boost growth and fix the global financial architecture are important.</p> <p>In 2009, the G20 launched a framework for “strong, sustainable and balanced growth”. They said they would clamp down on tax havens, meet their aid commitments, and make sure the world’s poorest people got food, fuel, and finance.</p> <p>But too much of the time G20 leaders have put economic growth first and the interests of poor people second. It’s up to us to hold our leaders accountable.</p> <h3>What’s on the agenda?</h3> <p>This year, the G20 is being <a href="http://www.g20.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>hosted by Russia</strong></a> on September 5th and 6th. This is <a href="http://www.g20.org/docs/g20_russia/priorities.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Russia’s G20 agenda</strong></a>:</p> <ol><li>Framework for strong, sustainable and balanced growth;</li> <li>Jobs and employment;</li> <li>International financial architecture reform;</li> <li>Strengthening financial regulation;</li> <li>Energy sustainability;</li> <li>Development for all;</li> <li>Enhancing multilateral trade;</li> <li>Fighting corruption.</li> </ol><p>Oxfam will be in St. Petersburg to remind leaders that the people who have it hardest are those trapped in poverty. 1.3 billion people live on less than $1.25 a day, <strong>more than half of these people in G20 countries</strong>.</p> <p>It’s critical that we convey the message that economic growth alone won’t be enough to prevent poverty escalating across G20 countries and beyond. Leaders in St. Petersburg need to agree a way to tackle widening inequality gaps, and map out growth strategies that are balanced and inclusive. Reducing inequality is not only the right thing to do, it also makes sound economic sense.</p> <h3>What Oxfam wants from the G20</h3> <ul><li>Clamp down on tax dodging, improve tax transparency, and stem illicit financial flows draining out of developing country economies.</li> <li>Invest in high-quality public health and education services. These are crucial both as safety nets and as investments in productivity.</li> <li>Ensure that growth is fair and boosts equality, so that its benefits reach people living in poverty. As a first step G20 countries should make inequality reduction a measure of progress alongside GDP growth.</li> </ul><h3>Listen: “Don't let Syria down at the G20”</h3> <p>Oxfam's Steve Price Thomas reports from St Petersburg:</p> <a href="https://audioboo.fm/boos/1583707-don-t-let-syria-down-at-the-g20-oxfam-s-steve-price-thomas-reports" rel="nofollow">listen to ‘"Don't let #Syria down at the #G20" Oxfam's Steve Price Thomas reports’ on Audioboo</a> (function() { var po = document.createElement("script"); po.type = "text/javascript"; po.async = true; po.src = "<a href="https://d15mj6e6qmt1na.cloudfront.net/assets/embed.js">https://d15mj6e6qmt1na.cloudfront.net/assets/embed.js</a>"; var s = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(po, s); })(); <p>The G20 must also act decisively toward a political solution to end the blood-shed in <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/syria" rel="nofollow"><strong>Syria</strong></a>.</p> <p>More than 100,000 lives have been lost and two million people, more than half of whom are children, have fled as refugees and more are escaping each day. The financial resources of the humanitarian community to cope with this human cost are already stretched. In June, the UN launched its biggest appeal ever, but it is so far <a href="http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>only 41 per cent funded</strong></a>. G20 leaders must give more to help finance the humanitarian response.</p> <p>Oxfam will also urge G20 leaders to bring about an immediate ceasefire and work toward a political solution to the crisis, rather than focusing on military options. Arab voices must be put at the heart of the discussions. Military intervention carries unpredictable consequences for the region. G20 leaders should set a date for the Geneva peace talks and stick to it.</p> <h3>What can we do?</h3> <p>Sign the joint agency petition calling for President Obama and President Putin to put their differences aside, and throw their political weight behind making the peace talks a reality, and a success.</p> <p>While our policy team is working behind the scenes to push for G20 policies that work towards ending poverty and inequality, we need you to help us out. Tweet your message to the G20 with <a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23G20&amp;src=typd" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>#G20</strong></a> and <a href="https://twitter.com/G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>@G20rus</strong></a>, the official G20 Russia summit channel.</p> <ul><li>Join Oxfam's global fight to stop tax dodging. Ask #G20 leaders to rewrite international tax rules @G20rus <strong><a href="http://twitter.com/home/?status=Join%20Oxfam's%20global%20fight%20to%20stop%20tax%20dodging.%20Ask%20%23G20%20leaders%20to%20rewrite%20international%20tax%20rules%20%40G20rus" rel="nofollow"> Tweet this!</a></strong></li> <li>More than half the world’s poor live in #G20 countries. Don’t leave them behind @G20rus<strong> <a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=More%20than%20half%20the%20world%E2%80%99s%20poor%20live%20in%20%23G20%20countries.%20Don%E2%80%99t%20leave%20them%20behind%20%40G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Tweet this!</a></strong></li> <li>Tell @G20rus: Economic growth must not leave poor people behind #inequality<strong> <a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=Tell%20%40G20rus%3A%20Economic%20growth%20must%20not%20leave%20poor%20people%20behind%20%23inequality" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Tweet this!</a></strong></li> <li>#G20 promised to stop the tax scandal by multinational companies. Now they must finish the job @G20rus <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=%23G20%20promised%20to%20stop%20the%20tax%20scandal%20by%20multinational%20companies.%20Now%20they%20must%20finish%20the%20job%20%40G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Tweet this!</a></strong></li> </ul><p>Follow our team from the G20 on <a href="http://twitter.com/oxfam" rel="nofollow"><strong>@Oxfam</strong></a>.</p> <p>Together we’ll make a difference. Make your voice heard.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Sign our petition for #SyriaPeaceTalks.</strong></p> <p><a href="http://www.change.org/petitions/don-t-let-syria-down" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <p><strong>Read</strong>: <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-07-18-why-peace-talks-are-only-way-forward-syria"><strong>Why peace talks are the only way forward for Syria</strong></a></p> <p>You can also <strong>donate to <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/syria-appeal" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's Syria Crisis Appeal</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>What is Oxfam calling for at the G20 Summit in St. Petersburg, Russia</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-09-04-que-es-el-g20" title="¿Qué es el G20?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-09-04-g20-quoi-russie" title="Qu&#039;attendre du G20 en Russie ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 04 Sep 2013 13:52:12 +0000 Caroline Hooper-Box 10420 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10420#comments ¿Qué es el G20? http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-09-04-que-es-el-g20 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>El G20 –<a href="http://www.g20.org/docs/about/about_G20.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">o Grupo de los 20</a>– comenzó como un grupo formado por los ministros de Finanzas y los gobernadores de los bancos centrales de las 20 principales economías (más exactamente, de 19 países y la Unión Europea) que se reunían de forma anual para tratar las principales cuestiones que afectaban a la economía mundial.</strong> </p> <p>Juntas, las economías que componen el G20 representan el 90% del PIB mundial, el 80% del comercio internacional y dos tercios de la población del planeta. Se trata de un grupo poderoso cuyos esfuerzos para impulsar el crecimiento y arreglar la arquitectura financiera global son importantes y necesarios.</p> <p>En 2009, los líderes del G20 lanzaron una estrategia marco para conseguir un "crecimiento fuerte, sostenible y equilibrado". Para lograrlo, dijeron que tomarían medidas drásticas contra los paraísos fiscales, cumplirían con sus compromisos en materia de ayuda y se asegurarían de que las personas más pobres del mundo tuvieran alimentos, combustible y acceso a financiación. </p> <p>Pero, durante demasiado tiempo, los líderes del G20 han puesto el crecimiento económico en primer lugar y los intereses de las personas pobres en segundo. Ahora, depende de nosotros exigir a nuestros líderes que rindan cuentas.</p> <h3>¿Qué temas están incluidos en la agenda?</h3> <p>Este año, el Gobierno ruso acogerá <strong><a href="http://www.g20.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">la cumbre del G20</a></strong>, que se celebrará en San Petersburgo el 5 y 6 de septiembre. Como anfitriones de la cumbre, han incluido en <strong><a href="http://www.g20.org/docs/g20_russia/priorities.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">la agenda</a></strong> los siguientes temas de discusión:</p> <ol><li>Marco para un crecimiento fuerte, sostenible y equilibrado;</li> <li>Mercado laboral y empleo;</li> <li>Reforma de la arquitectura financiera internacional;</li> <li>Reforzar la regulación financiera; </li> <li>Sostenibilidad energética;</li> <li>Desarrollo inclusivo;</li> <li>Mejorar el comercio multilateral;</li> <li>Combatir la corrupción.</li> </ol><p>El camino hacia la recuperación económica es duro y, por ello, Oxfam estará presente en San Petersburgo para recordar a los líderes del G20 que las personas que peor lo están pasando son quienes viven atrapadas en la pobreza. Más de la mitad de los 1.300 millones de personas que sobreviven con menos de 1,25 dólares al día viven en países del G20.</p> <p><strong>Resulta crucial que transmitamos el mensaje de que el crecimiento económico no será suficiente</strong> para evitar que la pobreza aumente en los países del G20 y más allá. Los líderes que participan en la cumbre de San Petersburgo deben acordar la forma de hacer frente a la creciente desigualdad y desarrollar estrategias de crecimiento equilibradas e inclusivas. Reducir la desigualdad no es únicamente lo correcto sino que, además, tiene sentido desde el punto de vista económico.</p> <h3>Qué es lo que Oxfam espera del G20</h3> <p>Creemos que para lograr un crecimiento sostenible, justo y equilibrado es necesario que el G20 emprenda acciones urgentes para:</p> <ul><li>acabar con la evasión de impuestos, mejorar la transparencia fiscal y frenar los flujos financieros ilícitos que drenan las economías de los países en desarrollo.</li> <li>invertir en servicios sanitarios y educativos públicos de alta calidad. Esto no sólo contribuye a crear redes de seguridad, claves para las personas más pobres y aquellas más perjudicadas durante periodos difíciles, sino también a incrementar la productividad.</li> <li>asegurarse de que el crecimiento sea justo e impulse la igualdad, y de que sus beneficios lleguen a las personas que viven en la pobreza. Como un primer paso, los países del G20 deberían hacer de la reducción de la desigualdad un indicador para medir el progreso junto con otros como, por ejemplo, el crecimiento del PIB. </li> </ul><h3>¿Qué puedo hacer?</h3> <p>Mientras nuestro equipo de expertos trabaja para lograr que las políticas del G20 estén encaminadas a poner fin a la pobreza y la desigualdad, necesitamos tu ayuda. Envía tu mensaje al G20 a través de Twitter utilizando <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23g20" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">#G20</a></strong> y <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/@G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@G20rus</a></strong>, el canal oficial de la cumbre del G20 en Rusia. </p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=%C3%9Anete%20a%20Oxfam%20en%20la%20lucha%20internacional%20contra%20la%20evasi%C3%B3n%20fiscal.%20Pide%20a%20los%20l%C3%ADderes%20del%20%23G20%20que%20renueven%20las%20leyes%20fiscales.%20%40G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a><strong><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=%C3%9Anete%20a%20Oxfam%20en%20la%20lucha%20internacional%20contra%20la%20evasi%C3%B3n%20fiscal.%20Pide%20a%20los%20l%C3%ADderes%20del%20%23G20%20que%20renueven%20las%20leyes%20fiscales.%20%40G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Únete a Oxfam en la lucha internacional contra la evasión fiscal. Pide a los líderes del #G20 que renueven las leyes fiscales. @G20rus </a></strong></p> <p><a href="//twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=%C2%BFSab%C3%ADas%20que%20los%20pa%C3%ADses%20pobres%20pierden%20miles%20de%20millones%20debido%20a%20los%20para%C3%ADsos%20fiscales%3F%20%23G20%3A%20Stop%20evasi%C3%B3n%20fiscal.%20%40G20rus" rel="nofollow"></a><strong><a href="//twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=%C2%BFSab%C3%ADas%20que%20los%20pa%C3%ADses%20pobres%20pierden%20miles%20de%20millones%20debido%20a%20los%20para%C3%ADsos%20fiscales%3F%20%23G20%3A%20Stop%20evasi%C3%B3n%20fiscal.%20%40G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">¿Sabías que los países pobres pierden miles de millones debido a los paraísos fiscales? #G20: Stop evasión fiscal. @G20rus</a></strong></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=M%C3%A1s%20de%20la%20mitad%20de%20las%20personas%20pobres%20del%20mundo%20vive%20en%20pa%C3%ADses%20del%20%23G20.%20%C2%A1Que%20no%20se%20queden%20atr%C3%A1s!%20%40G20rus" rel="nofollow"></a><strong><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=M%C3%A1s%20de%20la%20mitad%20de%20las%20personas%20pobres%20del%20mundo%20vive%20en%20pa%C3%ADses%20del%20%23G20.%20%C2%A1Que%20no%20se%20queden%20atr%C3%A1s!%20%40G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Más de la mitad de las personas pobres del mundo vive en países del #G20. ¡Que no se queden atrás! @G20rus</a></strong></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=Pide%20al%20%40G20rus%3A%20Crecimiento%20econ%C3%B3mico%20sin%20dejar%20de%20lado%20a%20las%20personas%20pobres.%20Stop%20%23desigualdad" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a><strong><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=Pide%20al%20%40G20rus%3A%20Crecimiento%20econ%C3%B3mico%20sin%20dejar%20de%20lado%20a%20las%20personas%20pobres.%20Stop%20%23desigualdad" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Pide al @G20rus: Crecimiento económico sin dejar de lado a las personas pobres. Stop #desigualdad</a></strong></p> <p><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=%23G20%20prometi%C3%B3%20acabar%20con%20el%20esc%C3%A1ndalo%20de%20la%20evasi%C3%B3n%20fiscal%20corporativa.%20Ahora%20tiene%20que%20terminar%20el%20trabajo.%20%40G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a><strong><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?source=webclient&amp;text=%23G20%20prometi%C3%B3%20acabar%20con%20el%20esc%C3%A1ndalo%20de%20la%20evasi%C3%B3n%20fiscal%20corporativa.%20Ahora%20tiene%20que%20terminar%20el%20trabajo.%20%40G20rus" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">#G20 prometió acabar con el escándalo de la evasión fiscal corporativa. Ahora tiene que terminar el trabajo. @G20rus</a></strong></p> <h3>Juntos lograremos marcar la diferencia. Alza tu voz</h3></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>¿Qué es el G20?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-09-04-g20-quoi-russie" title="Qu&#039;attendre du G20 en Russie ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_en last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/13-09-04-what-oxfam-calling-g20-summit-st-petersburg" title="What is Oxfam calling for at the G20 Summit in St. Petersburg, Russia" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> </ul> Wed, 04 Sep 2013 12:20:55 +0000 Caroline Hooper-Box 10414 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-09-04-que-es-el-g20#comments G20 must rewrite global rules on corporate tax http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10417 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>While disagreements over Syria are likely to dominate the annual <a href="http://www.g20.org/docs/about/about_G20.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">G20 Summit in St Petersburg</a> this week, leaders are at least in agreement about one key issue on the table: the need to rewrite global corporate tax rules.</strong></p> <p>As the OECD acknowledged this year, current laws – some dating back to the 1920s – are simply no longer fit for purpose in a modern globalised world. Created to avoid the “double taxation” of companies working in more than one country, they are now being abused by companies using transfer pricing to avoid paying tax where they do business – sometimes avoiding paying tax in any country.</p> <p>The scandalous result is that the world’s poorest countries are <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressrelease/2013-09-01/tax-evasion-damaging-poor-country-economies" rel="nofollow"><strong>losing $160 billion a year</strong></a> – resources that could be spent on tackling poverty and boosting their economies. In the two days of the G20 summit alone, the money being siphoned out of developing countries by companies would be enough to pay for the entire annual education budgets of Kenya and Tanzania.</p> <p><strong>As the economic crisis continues to bite</strong>, forcing governments and people around the globe to tighten their belts, it’s easy to see why tax dodging by multinational corporations has caused a tidal wave of public outcry. To its credit, the UK government took leadership on the issue at the G8 summit back in June and waved a red flag at tax dodgers, warning them that their days of ripping off rich and poor countries alike were numbered.</p> <p>But while the G8 saw some movement towards improving tax haven transparency and an acknowledgement of the need to ensure poor countries are included, it is the G20 which has all the big players at the table. This is where the main action needs to takes place.</p> <p>In April, G20 finance ministers backed the multilateral <a href="http://www.oecd.org/tax/exchange-of-tax-information/conventiononmutualadministrativeassistanceintaxmatters.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters</strong></a> and China became the final G20 member to sign up to it last week.</p> <p><strong>But for all the goodwill</strong>, pledges and agreements, people in the poorest countries will be left behind in the race for tax reform unless world leaders seriously up their game. We need much more than the warm words in the G8 communiqué to ensure that tax dodging no longer undermines the fight against global poverty.</p> <p><strong>The stakes are high</strong>. Global aid is falling for the first time in 15 years yet, despite recent progress, one in eight of the world’s population goes to bed hungry and many more live in poverty. Leaders in St Petersburg have the chance to send a clear signal that they are no longer willing to tolerate some of the world’s most profitable firms dodging their responsibilities to global society. They must grasp it.</p> <p><em>This is an abridged version. Read the full version published by <strong><a href="http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2013/09/03/guest-post-g20-must-rewrite-global-rules-on-corporate-tax/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Financial Times/Beyond BRICS</a></strong> (3 September 2013).</em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>G20 must rewrite global rules on corporate tax</h2></div> Tue, 03 Sep 2013 16:01:24 +0000 Emma Seery 10417 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/node/10417#comments