Oxfam's Press Offcer, Jason Garman and Policy lead, Antonio Hill, take a look at whether the Ministers who arrive at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali, will use the last three days of the conference to move steadily forward or fall asleep at the wheel.
Under unprecedented scrutiny around the world—in rich communities and poor—the Ministers of Environment from 189 countries arrived in Bali for the three final days of critical negotiation at this year’s UN Climate Change Conference.
A deal is on the table that could allow Ministers to say they have done what they needed to do: seal negotiations that will result in a fair and adequate climate deal for the world as a whole within two years.
But the outcome hangs in the balance, and that outcome is not just about numbers on a graph—it is about the lives of tens of millions of people in the developing world.
Unless Ministers break the impasse and set course for the urgent post-2012 negotiations we all need, Bali will have failed to build on the momentum of the past year.
Stern did the economics, the IPCC did the science and the UN’s Human Development Report put the human impacts of climate change in stark terms. The Bali conference now needs to show that politicians have been listening and that they take their responsibilities seriously.
People around the world are taking action to deal with the climate crisis, whether they are farmers in Malawi, fisherwomen in the Philippines or frequent fliers in Europe questioning their carbon footprints.
As Ministers enter the plenary today, they will trail past 12 life-size images, organised by Oxfam, of people in poor and rich countries who are confronting climate change in every way they can. These women and men are challenging the United Nations, holding signs that say, “It’s up to U Now.” Take a look at images on our Flickr profile.
The critical responsibility for Ministers is to deliver a climate mandate for a post-2012 regime. The key elements of the deal must be: actions that put climate change adaptation on an equal footing with mitigation; rich country commitments to reduce greenhouse gases by 25-40% from the 1990 level by 2020; an agreement that global emissions peak and begin to decline before 2015; and commitments to provide assistance with the technology and financing urgently needed to help developing countries cope with climate change and put them on a low-carbon path to development.
Progress has already been made. Earlier this week, delegates agreed to get the Adaptation Fund up and running under the authority of the Kyoto Protocol with close supervision provided by a 16-member Board that will represent a balance of rich and poor countries. While many developing countries are still concerned that the programming of funds will be under the Global Environment Facility, the new board structure will increase the accountability of decision making and make funding available with fewer strings attached.
We will be updating our blog regularly over the next few days , as the agreements and negotations develop over these crucial last few days of the conference here in Bali.