Oxfam International Blogs - UN http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/tags/un un fr ¿Un nuevo acuerdo para la población refugiada y migrante? http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/59933 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/es/user/profile/pilar-barroso"><strong>Josephine Liebl</strong></a>, experta en políticas globales sobre desplazamientos de Oxfam, reflexiona sobre la reunión de alto nivel de las Naciones Unidas que tendrá lugar en Nueva York en septiembre y sobre las vertiginosas últimas semanas para negociar su resultado.</p> <p>La primera <a href="https://refugeesmigrants.un.org/es/summit-refugees-and-migrants" rel="nofollow"><strong>Reunión de Alto Nivel de las Naciones Unidas sobre Refugiados y Migrantes</strong></a> se celebrará en Nueva York el 19 de septiembre. Un día después, el presidente de los Estados Unidos, Barak Obama, presidirá la Cumbre de Líderes sobre los Refugiados. Mientras el resultado de esta cumbre de líderes es incierto, antes de irse de vacaciones, los diplomáticos negociaron un documento que los dirigentes mundiales aprobarán durante la reunión de alto nivel de las Naciones Unidas en septiembre. Aunque se trata de un paso positivo, la reunión de alto nivel no es más que el comienzo de un largo proceso, y no la solución para resolver los problemas a los que se enfrenta el mundo. Lo que ocurra el día después, y cómo haremos que los países rindan cuentas durante los próximos dos años, será crucial para dar una respuesta global a la mayor crisis de desplazados de nuestra era.</p> <p>Durante las interminables negociaciones que tuvieron lugar en julio, me preguntaba qué esperaban exactamente los Estados Miembros de las Naciones Unidas y el Secretario General cuando convocaron esta reunión de alto nivel. Al comparar las modificaciones en el texto y las diversas propuestas, parecía que habían olvidado su propósito: ofrecer una mejor protección a las personas refugiadas y migrantes, y compartir las responsabilidades para con algunas de las personas más vulnerables del mundo.</p> <p>Tal y como Oxfam reveló en julio, <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/es/sala-de-prensa/notas-de-prensa/2016-07-18/los-seis-paises-mas-ricos-del-mundo-acogen-menos-del-9-de" rel="nofollow"><strong>existe una diferencia abismal en el número de refugiados que algunos países acogen con respecto a otros</strong></a>, sin que esta diferencia se base en su capacidad de acogida. Los seis países más ricos del mundo acogen a menos del 9% de la población refugiada y los solicitantes de asilo, mientras otros países más pobres se ven obligados a asumir la mayor parte de esta responsabilidad. El mundo no puede seguir ignorando la realidad de un sistema que no funciona y el hecho de que sin compromisos concretos adecuados, nada cambiará. Pero, en vez de buscar soluciones prácticas, las ONG que asistimos a las negociaciones vimos cómo los participantes evitaban con maestría asumir compromisos que ayudarían a la población refugiada y migrante. Todas las promesas parecían incluir alguna salvedad del tipo “cuando proceda”, y todos los planes alguna contingencia del tipo “se contemplará”.</p> <p><strong>Defender los derechos y luchar contra la xenofobia</strong></p> <p>El resultado no ha sido completamente negativo. El documento final reafirma el derecho internacional de derechos humanos, los derechos de los refugiados y el derecho humanitario, así como el compromiso de los Gobiernos a respetar el principio de “no devolución” (la prohibición de enviar a una persona refugiada a un país donde pudiera sufrir un trato cruel o inhumano o ser perseguida). En un mundo en el que el derecho de asilo se viola de manera sistemática, es importante que la reunión de alto nivel reafirme este derecho. Pero esto es lo mínimo que se podría esperar de este documento, y en ningún caso esto debería sustituir al progreso real.</p> <p>En la reunión de alto nivel también se condenará la xenofobia, el racismo y la intolerancia, y recordará al mundo que la diversidad enriquece a la sociedad. Por muy obvio que parezca, es una declaración necesaria dado el sinfín de políticos que afirma exactamente lo contrario.</p> <p>El documento va más allá y demanda un “reparto más equitativo de la carga y la responsabilidad de acoger y apoyar a los refugiados de todo el mundo”, allanando el camino para que el texto sea adoptado en la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas, que se celebrará justo después de la reunión de alto nivel. No obstante, sin unos compromisos sólidos ni una hoja de ruta clara para ponerlos en práctica, las palabras se quedarán en papel mojado, y será difícil saber cuándo llegará la respuesta mundial tan desesperadamente necesaria. Nunca antes había habido tantas personas desplazadas por la violencia y, sin embargo, por ahora los Gobiernos solo han aportado palabras vacías en vez de medidas concretas.</p> <p><strong>¿Más de lo mismo?</strong></p> <p>La Asamblea General convocó esta reunión de alto nivel para cambiar la situación. Pero, al presenciar las negociaciones, no dejaba de sorprenderme el número de diplomáticos que las aprovechaban para mantener el statu quo, el cual es más que insuficiente para hacer frente a la crisis. El documento final menciona la necesidad de fortalecer la cooperación internacional para la gestión de las fronteras, incluidas las necesidades en materia de formación. Por supuesto, son los Estados quienes tienen la autoridad para controlar sus fronteras, pero es difícil no caer en el cinismo en cuanto a qué se considera “buenas prácticas” tras las recientes revelaciones sobre el plan de la Unión Europea de financiar centros de detención y equipamiento para frenar la emigración en Sudán. Hay un interés enfermizo en ir más allá del principio de “no devolución” de refugiados y migrantes. Tras una propuesta del grupo africano, en el documento se llega incluso a sugerir que la decisión de un Gobierno de devolver a refugiados no debería estar “condicionada a la ejecución de soluciones políticas en el país de origen”. ¿Tal vez para justificar el cierre de un campamento para refugiados somalís en Kenia? Estados Unidos y otros países insistieron en incluir una referencia a la detención de niños y niñas migrantes, lo que supone un duro golpe a las normas internacionales de derechos humanos establecidas por las Naciones Unidas y que tanto costó conseguir.</p> <p><strong>El grupo de desplazados más numeroso, relegado al olvido</strong></p> <p>Pero lo realmente decepcionante es lo que no se abordará en la reunión de alto nivel. Apenas se menciona a las personas que se han visto obligadas a huir pero que siguen dentro de las fronteras de su país (las personas desplazadas internas), a pesar de ser dos veces más numerosas que la población refugiada. De Siria a Sudán del Sur, pasando por Yemen y Nigeria, a menudo su situación es tan crítica como la de los refugiados, pero generalmente menos visible, tal y como ilustra el nuevo informe de Oxfam sobre la crisis en la cuenca del Lago Chad (que afecta a Nigeria, Níger y Chad).</p> <p><strong>¿Transferir o repartir la responsabilidad?</strong></p> <p>El mayor fracaso de la reunión de alto nivel es que los Gobiernos no tomarán medidas concretas para repartir la responsabilidad para con la población refugiada en el futuro. Uno de los resultados más positivos de la reunión es la creación de un “marco de respuesta global para los refugiados” el cual detallará cómo debería responder la comunidad internacional a las crisis de refugiados, tanto ahora como en el futuro.</p> <p>Sin embargo, el marco no incluye ningún compromiso para que los Estados proporcionen una financiación adecuada. Ningún compromiso para recibir o proteger a una mayor proporción de la población refugiada a nivel mundial, ni para ofrecerles acceso a educación o trabajo. Ningún compromiso para reasentar al 10% de las personas refugiadas en el mundo, tal y como pretendían países como Turquía que ya acogen a una cantidad desproporcionadamente grande. Sin compromisos tangibles, ¿hasta qué punto es posible que cambie la situación?</p> <p>Partiendo de este documento, resulta difícil entrever qué va a cambiar realmente para la población refugiada y migrante tras el 19 de septiembre. No obstante, la cumbre paralela que el presidente Barack Obama ha organizado un día después –unida a su insistencia para que otros líderes mundiales “arrimen el hombro”, comprometiéndose con cifras concretas en cuanto a ayuda, reasentamientos y acceso a educación y trabajo – puede impulsar progresos. Suceda lo que suceda, es evidente que estos dos eventos son el comienzo (y no el final) para obrar el cambio que tanto necesitan las personas refugiadas, migrantes y desplazadas internas.</p> <p><strong>El camino a seguir</strong></p> <p>Será necesario aportar soluciones concretas, en gran parte después de septiembre. Por ello, tras las reuniones continuarán los <a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/es/actions/stand-as-one" rel="nofollow"><strong>llamamientos para que se lleve a la práctica un reparto equitativo de las responsabilidades</strong></a>.</p> <p>Los primeros ministros y presidentes que acudirán a Nueva York en septiembre no deben contentarse con el mínimo denominador común que se acuerde en la reunión de alto nivel de las Naciones Unidas. Los que acudan a la cumbre organizada por Barack Obama al día siguiente pueden subir el listón inmediatamente asumiendo compromisos más concretos. Por eso es tan importante que escuchen alto y claro que la ciudadanía espera más de ellos, tanto en septiembre como en el futuro.</p> <p>Tras las reuniones, habrá mucho trabajo por hacer. Los Gobiernos deberán demostrar que ponen en práctica el reparto de responsabilidades, incluido el marco de respuesta global para los refugiados, para que los millones de personas que huyen de los conflictos, la violencia, los desastres y la pobreza reciban el apoyo que necesitan. A lo largo de los próximos dos años, los Gobiernos negociarán pactos mundiales sobre la población refugiada y migrante, que deberán ser más sustanciales y presentar medidas más concretas para ayudar a los millones de personas que lo necesitan.</p> <p>Seguiremos ejerciendo presión sobre los dirigentes mundiales para que asuman compromisos más ambiciosos en septiembre y rindan cuentas, puesto que la respuesta a la crisis debe sustentarse en la humanidad, y no en la ignorancia, la elusión y los reproches.</p> <p><a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/es/actions/stand-as-one" rel="nofollow"><strong>Ayúdalos con tu firma. Pidea los paises de la Unión Europea que vuelvan a retomar el liderazgo en la defensa y protección de los derechos de las personas desplazadas de cara a la próxima Cumbre sobre Migración y Refugiados de Naciones Unidas.</strong> </a></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>¿Un nuevo acuerdo para la población refugiada y migrante?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blogs/16-08-24-new-deal-refugees-and-migrants" title="A new deal for refugees and migrants?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/16-08-30-vers-un-nouvel-accord-en-faveur-des-r%C3%A9fugi%C3%A9s-et-des-migrants" title="Vers un nouvel accord en faveur des réfugiés et des migrants ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Tue, 30 Aug 2016 15:32:44 +0000 Josephine Liebl 59933 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/59933#comments A new deal for refugees and migrants? http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/59104 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/user/profile/josephine-liebl"><strong>Josephine Liebl</strong></a>, Oxfam’s global policy lead on displacement, looks ahead to the UN Summit in New York in September – and looks back on a heady few weeks negotiating its outcome.</em></p> <p>The first ever <a href="https://refugeesmigrants.un.org/summit-refugees-and-migrants-19-september-2016" rel="nofollow"><strong>UN Summit on Refugees and Migrants</strong></a> will take place in New York on 19th September. President Obama will host a Leaders’ Summit on refugees the day after. The likely results of the Leaders’ summit are all to play for, but before diplomats headed off for their holidays, they negotiated the <a href="http://www.un.org/pga/70/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2015/08/HLM-on-addressing-large-movements-of-refugees-and-migrants-Draft-Declaration-5-August-2016.pdf" rel="nofollow"><strong>document</strong> </a>that world leaders will adopt at the UN Summit next month. While it goes some way, the Summit is the start of a long process and not the delivery of the solutions the world is waiting for. What happens the day after and how we hold countries to account over the next two years will be crucial if we are to see the global response needed to address the greatest displacement crisis of our time.</p> <p>Sitting through the endless negotiations in July, I asked myself what exactly UN Member States and the Secretary General were expecting when this summit was called. Comparing tracked changes and different proposals, it seemed they had forgotten its purpose:  to better protect refugees and migrants and share responsibility for some of the most vulnerable people in the world.</p> <p>As Oxfam revealed in July, there’s a <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2016-07-18/six-richest-countries-host-less-9-refugees" rel="nofollow"><strong>stunning inequality in how some countries host far more refugees than others</strong></a>, and it’s not based on their ability to cope. The six biggest economies in the world host less than nine per cent of the world’s refugees and asylum seekers while poorer countries are shouldering the bulk of the responsibility. Nobody can pretend the system isn’t broken and that without concrete commitments to do better, nothing will change. But instead of coming up with practical solutions, we – the NGOs listening to the negotiations – were treated to a master class in evading commitments that would help refugees and migrants. Every promise seemed to have a caveat like ‘where appropriate’, every plan something like ‘we will consider’.</p> <p><strong>Upholding rights and fighting xenophobia</strong></p> <p>The outcome is not all bad. The <a href="http://www.un.org/pga/70/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2015/08/HLM-on-addressing-large-movements-of-refugees-and-migrants-Draft-Declaration-5-August-2016.pdf" rel="nofollow"><strong>final document</strong></a> reaffirms international human rights, refugee, and humanitarian law, and governments’ commitment to non-refoulement (not returning anybody to a country where s/he could face cruel, inhumane treatment or persecution). In a world where the right to claim asylum is routinely violated, it’s also important that the Summit also underlines this right. But such reaffirmations are the bare minimum that should be expected from this document – they cannot substitute real progress.</p> <p>The Summit will also strongly condemn xenophobia, racism and intolerance, and remind the world that diversity enriches every society. That might seem like a statement of the obvious – if it weren’t that countless politicians were saying precisely the opposite.</p> <p>The document does go further, calling for ‘more equitable sharing of the burden and responsibility for hosting and supporting the world’s refugees’, thereby  paving the way for this to be adopted by the UN General Assembly, which takes place just after the UN Summit. But without firm commitments and a clear pathway to act upon them these nice words are meaningless and it is hard to see when the global response desperately needed will come. More people are being displaced by violence than ever before yet governments have so far settled for empty words instead of action.</p> <p><strong>Business as usual?</strong></p> <p>The General Assembly called this Summit to change things. But listening to diplomats negotiate, I was repeatedly struck by how many managed to use the negotiations to endorse the status quo, which simply isn’t good enough. The final document refers to the need to strengthen international border management cooperation, including training. Of course states have the authority to control their borders.  But it is hard not to be cynical about what ‘best practice’ might look like after <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/06/eu-sudan-eritrea-migration" rel="nofollow"><strong>recent revelations of the EU’s plan to fund detention centres and equipment in Sudan</strong></a>. There is an unhealthy emphasis on the return of refugees and migrants beyond non-refoulement. Following a proposal by the Africa group, the document even suggests that a government’s decision to return refugees should not be ‘conditioned on the accomplishment of political solutions in the country of origin’. Why? Perhaps to justify <a href="http://www.nation.co.ke/news/1056-3215622-6lnkuxz/index.html" rel="nofollow"><strong>Kenya closing a camp for Somalis</strong></a>? The US and other countries insisted on including a reference to<a href="http://firstperson.oxfamamerica.org/2016/08/toddlers-behind-bars-never-acceptable/" rel="nofollow"><strong> detaining migrant children</strong></a>, which undermines hard-fought international human rights standards set by the UN.</p> <p><strong>Missing out the largest group of people displaced today </strong></p> <p>But it’s what the Summit will not say that’s so disappointing.  People who have been forced to flee and remain within their countries’ borders - Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) - are barely mentioned, despite comprising double the number than that of refugees. . From Syria to South Sudan, Yemen to Nigeria, their plight is often as grave as that of refugees, though often less visible, as <a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/lake-chads-unseen-crisis-voices-of-refugees-and-internally-displaced-people-fro-618488" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam’s new report on the crisis in the Lake Chad Basin</strong></a> (of Nigeria, Niger and Chad) makes clear.</p> <p><strong>Responsibility shifted or shared?</strong></p> <p>The biggest failing of the Summit will be that it won’t agree on any concrete steps for governments to share responsibility for refugees in the future. One of the Summit’s plum results will be a “Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework” which maps out how the international community should respond to current and future refugee crisis.</p> <p>But there is nothing in the framework that actually commits states to provide adequate funding. No commitment to welcome or protect a larger share of the world’s refugees or to offer them education and access to work. No commitment to resettle 10% of the world’s refugees, as countries such as Turkey that already host a hugely disproportionate share themselves had been seeking. Without tangible commitments, how much will actually change?</p> <p>From this document, it is difficult to see what will be different for the world’s refugees and migrants after 19th September. But, President Obama’s separate summit the next day, and his insistence that other world leaders ‘pay to play’ – offering real figures on aid, resettlement and access to education and work– may mean that there will be more progress. Whatever happens, it is clear that these twin Summits will be the beginning, very far from the end, of delivering the change that refugees, migrants, and still more so IDPs need.  <strong>The way ahead</strong></p> <p>Specific solutions will have to be achieved, largely, after September. That is why <a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/en/actions/stand-as-one" rel="nofollow"><strong>calls for putting equitable sharing of responsibility into practice</strong> </a>will continue after these Summits.</p> <p>As Prime Ministers and Presidents plan to go to New York next month, they should not limit themselves to whatever lowest common denominator comes out of the UN Summit. Those joining Barack Obama the following day can immediately raise the bar by making more tangible commitments, which is why they need to hear loud and clear that their publics expect them to do more there and beyond.</p> <p>Once the Summits are over, there will be so much to do. Governments will have to demonstrate that they will share responsibility in practice, including the <a href="http://www.un.org/pga/70/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2015/08/HLM-on-addressing-large-movements-of-refugees-and-migrants-Draft-Declaration-5-August-2016.pdf" rel="nofollow"><strong>Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework</strong></a>, so that the millions of people fleeing conflict, violence, disasters and poverty get the support they need. Governments will be negotiating Global Compacts on Refugees and on Migration over the next two years where we need to see more meat on the bone, more tangible change to help the millions of people in need.</p> <p>We will continue to push for greater ambition in September and hold world leaders to account because what is needed is a humane response, not one borne of ignorance, avoidance and blame.<a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/en/actions/stand-as-one" rel="nofollow"><strong></strong></a></p> <p><a href="https://act.oxfam.org/international/en/actions/stand-as-one" rel="nofollow"><strong>Stand as one with people forced to flee. Add your voice, join the movement and sign the petition now!</strong></a></p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>A new deal for refugees and migrants?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/16-08-30-%C2%BFun-nuevo-acuerdo-para-la-poblaci%C3%B3n-refugiada-y-migrante" title="¿Un nuevo acuerdo para la población refugiada y migrante?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/16-08-30-vers-un-nouvel-accord-en-faveur-des-r%C3%A9fugi%C3%A9s-et-des-migrants" title="Vers un nouvel accord en faveur des réfugiés et des migrants ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 24 Aug 2016 11:51:14 +0000 Josephine Liebl 59104 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/59104#comments Beyond the headlines: What’s actually happening at the UNFCCC COP20 http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/24159 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>We’re now well into the first week of the UN climate talks in Lima, Peru</strong>, where governments are negotiating a new global climate treaty to be adopted next year in Paris. On the face of it, you’d think that change is in the air.</p> <p>The global climate <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-09-26-peoples-climate-march-around-world-pictures-biggest-climate-mobilisation-ever"><strong>marches in September</strong></a>, the commitments to curb emissions from the big three (the EU, US and China), public pressure in Peru - including from our own Oxfam activists - and the fact that the new UN climate fund almost met its initial fundraising target all seem to have given the negotiations the push they need. The media for the most part, have taken a positive view of the start of the negotiations too but how are things actually going so far in the conference?</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Before <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> activists in Peru unveiled this banner at the Huaca Pucllana ruins in Lima. RT if you agree <a href="http://t.co/FvLQzgfmIk">pic.twitter.com/FvLQzgfmIk</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/539049224894418944">November 30, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Draft climate treaty text</h3> <p>The host country kicked things off by throwing down a challenge, saying  they hope the outcome of the next two weeks will be an actual draft text for the Paris climate treaty. It’s great that Peru is upping the ante but it’s hugely ambitious to think that in two weeks countries will be able to iron out enough of their differences to settle on an actual draft text.</p> <p>What’s needed from these Lima talks is a common format for each country’s commitment in the new agreement, standardising what they will look like when they are put forward in a few months time. This may sound like a formality but it’s hugely important if we are to avoid a hodgepodge of offers – with different baselines against which to reduce emissions and end-years for doing so, and a varying scope of what to include in these pledges. Eventually, we need to be able to add all these commitments up to calculate how far they take us towards the overall goal of avoiding dangerous climate change.</p> <p>The implications of a weak agreement that puts us in a world where temperatures increase by 3.5 degrees celsius (which is what we are on track for at the moment) would have devastating implications for the poorest people on the front lines of climate change - making it infinitely more difficult and costly for them to protect themselves from climate chaos.  If there is to be any chance of pressuring governments to improve their offers after Lima, we need their commitments to be comparable, so those who are dragging their feet can be easily identified and called out.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>If you care about <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climatechange?src=hash">#climatechange</a> &amp; food please RETWEET for action from world leaders at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/BLVoqrvtxr">pic.twitter.com/BLVoqrvtxr</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/540611524625461250">December 4, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Climate finance</h3> <p>Another important issue that is the cause of much disagreement here at the talks is climate finance. Rich countries are doing their best to avoid the question of how poorer nations will be supported under the new treaty. This is especially unfair given that this time around even the poorest countries are being asked to commit to reduce emissions - without the corresponding assurance that the support they need for this will be delivered. This is a bit like asking someone to climb a ladder then knocking it out from under their feet.</p> <p><strong>Developed countries are playing hardball</strong>, saying that the recent <a href="http://www.pinterest.com/pin/223702306466729410/">Green Climate Fund</a> (GCF) pledges (hardly any of which is new money) is all that developing countries are going to get, with no further clarity how rich countries are going to ramp up support to poor countries to the promised $100 billion a year by 2020. Some developed countries have even threatened to veto the whole thing if they are asked to make financial commitments as part of the new climate treaty!</p> <h3>Why we’re here at COP20</h3> <p>With such crucial policy decisions being made, Oxfam is here in Lima to take our campaign for climate justice straight to the heart of decision making. In our <strong><a href="http://oxf.am/ZZ92">curtain raiser report</a></strong>, we’ve called for three key things:</p> <ul><li><strong>An agreement which is ambitious</strong> enough to be a turning point in curbing runaway climate change</li> <li><strong>Each country doing its fair share</strong> to stay within the shrinking global carbon budget</li> <li><strong>The promised climate finance to flow</strong> to where it is needed  </li> </ul><p>Governments need to make headway on all three points here in Lima if next year’s climate summit in Paris, where the new treaty is to be signed, isn’t going to be another disaster like the last attempt to craft a global climate deal five years ago in Copenhagen.  If we’re going to limit the impact of climate change, we need to see action now.</p> <p> </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climatechange?src=hash">#climatechange</a> is making people hungry. Find out how <a href="https://twitter.com/UN_ClimateTalks">@UN_ClimateTalks</a> at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> impact this: <a href="http://t.co/WWoPJiVCN3">http://t.co/WWoPJiVCN3</a> <a href="http://t.co/X67EATrFtR">pic.twitter.com/X67EATrFtR</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/540500957206183936">December 4, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <h3>What you can do</h3> <p>Join our campaign to help <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/stop-climate-change-making-people-hungry"><strong>stop climate change making people hungry</strong></a>.</p> <p> </p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions">UN Climate Conference in Lima: what's happening and why it really matters</a></strong> - by Frank Boeren, Country Director of Oxfam Peru</p> <p><strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-03-climate-change-not-just-about-climate-it-about-our-lives">Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives</a></strong> - by Winnie Byanyima, Oxfam International Executive Director</p> <p>With the press? Get your <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-03-cop-20-oxfam-daily-download">COP20 Daily Download here</a></strong>.</p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Beyond the headlines: What’s actually happening at the UNFCCC COP20</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-12-10-n%C3%A9gociations-sur-le-climat-%C3%A0-lima-la-r%C3%A9alit%C3%A9-derri%C3%A8re-les-gros-titres" title="Négociations sur le climat à Lima : la réalité derrière les gros titres" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Fri, 05 Dec 2014 20:07:57 +0000 Kiri Hanks 24159 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/24159#comments Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/24123 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>As representatives from more than 195 governments around the world come together in Lima, Peru this week to work on drafting a global treaty on climate change, they should heed the words of Peruvian farmer Marisa Marcavillaca: <strong>"Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives."</strong></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions"><strong>Negotiations in Lima are crucial</strong></a> as they will set the stage for success or failure next year in Paris, where governments are due to agree a new international climate deal for the post-2020 world.</p> <p>To set the stage for Paris, we need to get the details right in Lima, particularly on how developed countries will deliver promised funding to help developing nations address the climate crisis. <strong>Vague promises won't help people</strong> adapt to the harmful effects of climate change, nor help countries to pursue cleaner paths to growth and development.</p> <p>The central figure is $100 billion, promised by rich countries at the Copenhagen talks in 2009 and haggled over ever since. For people like Marisa who are on the front lines of the climate crisis, this abstract number has made little to no difference in their lives.</p> <p>The reality is that <strong>climate change is already making people hungry</strong> and could set back the fight against hunger by decades. Over 80 percent of the production of staple food in Peru is extremely vulnerable to droughts, including corn, potatoes, rice, barley, beans, peas and wheat. Projections suggest that agricultural productivity in the Andean region could fall between 12 and 50 percent in the next decades as a result of climate change.</p> <p>As Marisa, who is a leader in the National Indigenous Women's Organization explains, "Extreme changes in the climate affect how much we earn and what food we put on the table for our children. If we don't have enough money to buy food, we go hungry. Without enough money, we cannot afford to buy our children the supplies they need to attend school."</p> <h3>We must act now</h3> <p>Climate change is already causing significant damage to global food production not only in Peru, but around the world. <strong>And things are going to get much worse unless we act now.</strong></p> <p>By 2050, 50 million more people - equivalent to the population of Spain - will be at risk of going hungry because of climate change. And there could be 25 million more malnourished children under the age of five by then compared to a world without climate change - that's the equivalent of every child under the age of five in the US and Canada combined.</p> <p>Farmers like Marisa are doing what they can to prepare and build their resilience. They have organized and learned what plants can help fight diseases in their crops. They have built reservoirs for when it is too dry and crops need water. They have worked with local officials to get support for repairing and adapting irrigation systems of greater efficiency so they can grow more crops with less water. But they can't win the fight against climate change alone.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" xml:lang="en"><p>Climate finance is fundamental to a fair &amp; effective global <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/climate?src=hash">#climate</a> agreement <a href="http://t.co/7OdeEZq188">http://t.co/7OdeEZq188</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/COP20?src=hash">#COP20</a> <a href="http://t.co/TplUMUreXr">pic.twitter.com/TplUMUreXr</a></p> <p>— Oxfam International (@Oxfam) <a href="https://twitter.com/Oxfam/status/539529235460022273">December 1, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h3>Organizing for action</h3> <p>Action from governments at the negotiations has been far too slow, but there are clear signs of progress from all across the world. In September, <strong>millions of people took part in more than 2,000 events</strong> across 162 countries to demand action on climate change. More than 400,000 people marched in the streets of New York City alone. They understand that action on climate means new green jobs, secure food supplies, and a future for all.</p> <p>If progress is made on climate finance, poor countries could make spectacular advances in clean development. Ethiopia could lift millions of people out of poverty while avoiding annual carbon emissions to the equivalent of 65 coal-fired plants. <strong>Peru could increase its GDP by nearly 1% more than business as usual while halving its emissions at the same time</strong>. Indonesia could fulfill its plan to cut emissions by 41% in 15 years.</p> <h3>What's needed for climate finance</h3> <p>The $100 billion climate promise can only be the start. <strong>What's needed now is clear commitments on climate finance, focused on what developing countries actually need</strong>. A blueprint for progress on climate finance should:</p> <ul><li>Set out exactly how climate finance should be accessed and spent.</li> <li>Identify new sources of public and private finance.</li> <li>Establish a "fair shares" framework to mobilize the necessary financial flows and direct them to the right places.</li> </ul><p><strong>These talks are not the endpoint.</strong> They are milestones on a journey that will take decades. But the Lima Summit can - and must - put us on the right track for Paris and beyond. <strong>Now is the time for our leaders to step up and lead.</strong></p> <p><em>Originally published on the <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/winnie-byanyima/climate-change-is-not-jus_b_6263588.html">Huffington Post</a>.</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p>UN Climate Conference in Lima:<strong> <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-01-un-climate-conference-lima-whats-happening-and-why-it-really-matters-6-questions">what's happening and why it really matters</a></strong></p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/action/stop-climate-change-making-people-hungry"><strong>Help stop climate change making people hungry here.</strong></a></p> <p>With the press? Get your <strong><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/14-12-03-cop-20-oxfam-daily-download">COP20 Daily Download here</a></strong>.</p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Climate change is not just about the climate, it is about our lives</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-12-04-el-cambio-climatico-no-tiene-que-ver-solo-con-el-clima-tiene-que-ver-con-nuestras" title="El cambio climático no tiene que ver sólo con el clima: tiene que ver con nuestras vidas" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-12-05-les-changements-climatiques-ne-concernent-pas-seulement-le-climat-ils-concernent-nos" title="Les changements climatiques ne concernent pas seulement le climat, ils concernent nos vies" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Wed, 03 Dec 2014 22:09:49 +0000 Winnie Byanyima 24123 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/24123#comments Who will protect the people of South Sudan? http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10607 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>On Tuesday morning we received bad news from Malakal. The Oxfam team there reported heavy <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2014/02/south-sudan-rebels-attack-key-oil-town-201421882715684449.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>military attacks</strong></a> on the capital of Upper Nile State. Our colleagues, who were working on health promotion with the people living in the UN Compound, had to move to the bunkers in the base. They are still waiting for the fighting to decrease, when they will likely be evacuated.</p> <blockquote><p>Hostilities have this a.m. broken out in <a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%23Malakal&amp;src=hash" rel="nofollow">#Malakal</a>: all parties engaged in the violence must uphold people's rights &amp; protect non-combatants.</p> <p>— Toby Lanzer (@tobylanzer) <a href="https://twitter.com/tobylanzer/statuses/435669824661098497" rel="nofollow">February 18, 2014</a></p></blockquote> <p>Later that day, rebels claimed they had retaken the city, which had been under government control. And a day before, Nuer and Dinka engaged in a conflict inside the camp, exchanging gunfire. </p> <p>No matter the political background of this conflict, a Pandora's Box has been opened that will not be easy to shut again.</p> <p>The people in Malakal will have to make up their minds: depending on who gains control, will they be either relatively safe, or will they be in acute danger? This all depends on what ethnic background they come from – Dinka or Nuer, and who wins – the government or the opposition.</p> <h3>Hundreds of thousands have fled</h3> Farah Karimi visits UN House, Juba, South Sudan. Photo: Petterik Wiggers/Oxfam <p>Throughout the country, <a href="http://reliefweb.int/report/south-sudan/south-sudan-crisis-situation-report-13-february-2014-report-number-19" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>hundreds of thousands</strong></a> of people have fled their homes, leaving behind their land, their livestock and all their possessions in the days and weeks following 15 December, when violence erupted.</p> <p>The question that keeps spinning in my head, while I travel on to North Uganda, is what will be the fate of the young Nuer men, who I saw in the UN House camp for displaced people in Juba. Even in the capital of the country, where the government is in control, they feel they are only relatively safe behind the fences of the UN compound. In their mind, walking out of the gate of the compound could be the end of it.</p> <h3>Responsibility to protect</h3> <p>And even more alarming, what about the thousands of people who are hiding across the country, Dinka and Nuer alike? This is a question that should be asked to the leaders of South Sudan. Protection of the people is a <a href="http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2013/sc10913.doc.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>primary responsibility</strong></a> of the government of a state. Also opposition forces leaders should ensure people are protected in the areas under their control. Here is a country where the responsibility for protection is in fact 'outsourced' to the UN, but only as far as the gate of the compound.</p> <p>Talking to the refugees in the camp the other day, made me feel really sad. And I got quite angry too, about the apparent lack of responsibility of this government, as well as the oppositional groups. I think the international community will have to make up their mind. </p> <p>If both the government and the opposition groups cannot provide the necessary protection to the population, then the international community will have to act, and stand between the parties and provide protection, not only within the limited premises of the UN compounds, but across the country, where thousands of desperate people have been abandoned.</p> <p><em>Farah Karimi is Executive Dirctor of <a href="http://www.oxfamnovib.nl/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam Novib</strong></a>. She is travelling to South Sudan and Northern Uganda, to witness the impact of the crisis in South Sudan and to assess the needs of the population.</em></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p>Blog: South Sudan: Signs of hope amongst the violence</p> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/southsudan" rel="nofollow"><strong>Support Oxfam's humanitarian response to the crisis in South Sudan</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Who will protect the people of South Sudan?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-02-21-%C2%BFquien-protegera-la-gente-de-sudan-del-sur" title="¿Quién protegerá a la gente de Sudán del Sur?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/14-02-21-qui-assurera-la-protection-des-refugies-au-soudan-du-sud" title="Qui assurera la protection des refugiés au Soudan du Sud ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Thu, 20 Feb 2014 15:00:31 +0000 Farah Karimi 10607 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10607#comments Syria peace talks: A time for hope http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10576 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Things are hotting up in Montreux, on Lake Geneva in Switzerland, where Oxfam campaigners are among the hundreds of diplomats, journalists, civil society and solidarity groups gathering for the beginning of the long awaited ‘Geneva II’ peace talks for Syria.</strong></p> <p>The Swiss town – an hour from Geneva – is a picture of Alpine tranquility, its reflection shimmering in the lake amongst the snow-capped mountains. Police are patrolling the edges of a security fence which rings the buildings where the talks will be held, but the atmosphere is calm, and the diplomatic dramas that have dominated the media in the last few days feel weirdly distant.</p> <p>Despite the quiet and calm mood here, there is of course a huge amount at stake here in Geneva this week. Nothing is more urgent than these peace talks. As the Syrian conflict approaches its third anniversary, this is the best chance so far of ending the violence and alleviating the suffering of millions.</p> <h3>Geneva II must lead to real change for the Syrian people</h3> <p><a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/12/02/us-syria-crisis-toll-idUSBRE9B10ES20131202" rel="nofollow"><strong>More than 100,000 Syrians</strong></a> have been killed over the last three years; over <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-25741225" rel="nofollow"><strong>half the population of Syria</strong></a> is in need of humanitarian assistance, with over 6.3 million people displaced within the country; more than 2 million people have had to flee the country altogether.</p> <p>With such staggering numbers, some hope for the future is desperately needed right now. Political leaders need to make sure that these are not talks for the sake of talks – they must lead to real change for the Syrian people. If states can leave aside their own interests, and focus instead on what is best for Syria, there is a real chance for this to mark the start of a journey towards peace.</p> <h3>Oxfam is calling for</h3> <ul><li><strong>A ceasefire for Syria</strong>, to stop the killing and to allow all who need assistance to be able to access it;</li> <li><strong>A complete halt to the arms and ammunition transfers</strong> into Syria, which are fueling the conflict;</li> <li><strong>The full and active participation of women and civil society organizations</strong> in the political process moving forward to give it the best possible chance of success.</li> </ul><p>We are joining with Syrian and global civil society this week to put pressure on political leaders not to let hope die, and work every second for a peaceful and prosperous future for the people of Syria.</p> <h3>What Syrians want</h3> <p>Oxfam asked ordinary Syrians -- many of them refugees in Jordan -- what they want to come out of the Geneva talks. Here's what they told us:</p> <p> </p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong>Blog: <a href="/en/blogs/13-12-05-syrias-refugees-surviving-through-kindness-strangers" rel="nofollow">Syria's refugees: Surviving through the kindness of strangers</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/syria-crisis" rel="nofollow">Crisis in Syria: What Oxfam is doing</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/syria-appeal" rel="nofollow">Support Oxfam's humanitarian response to the Syria crisis</a></strong></p> <p><strong>BBC's explainer: <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24628442" rel="nofollow">What is the Geneva II conference on Syria?</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Syria peace talks: A time for hope</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/14-01-22-conversaciones-paz-siria-montreaux" title="Negociaciones de paz sobre Siria: Tiempo para la esperanza" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Wed, 22 Jan 2014 04:38:06 +0000 Shaheen Chughtai 10576 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10576#comments The pressure mounts for Syria peace talks http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10440 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Thanks to support from people like you in over 150 countries, Oxfam and partners have now gathered over 100,000 signatures calling for urgent progress on Syria peace talks. That’s roughly equivalent to one for every man, woman and child killed in the conflict to date.</p> <p><strong>We’ve passed this milestone at a critical time.</strong> Politicians have been promising to hold peace talks for months now, but little progress has been made. However, the recent <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24091633" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>deal to remove Syria’s chemical weapons</strong></a> stockpile, brokered by US Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, proved that <strong>international diplomacy on the Syria crisis can work</strong> when world leaders put their minds to it.</p> <p>As Heads of State converge in New York for the <a href="http://www.un.org/en/ga/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>United Nations’ General Assembly</strong></a> this week, Kerry and Lavrov are <a href="http://www.bna.bh/portal/en/news/580613" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>due to meet today</strong></a> in the sidelines. There are also reports that they will sit down with the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon <a href="http://www.itar-tass.com/en/c32/886583.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>later in the week</strong></a>. These meetings are a glimmer of hope that must not be squandered. They’ve promised to “make progress” on a second Geneva Peace Conference.We need your help to tell them to set a date for inclusive peace talks on Syria and work to bring all parties to the conflict to the table. Please use the suggested message below to tell world leaders you want them to keep their promises, and set a date for talks:</p> <p><em>100k lives lost, 100k signatures demanding action on #Syria. @StateDept @MFA_Russia @LakhdarBrahimi set a date for #SyriaPeaceTalks Pls RT</em> <strong><a href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=100k%20lives%20lost%2C%20100k%20signatures%20demanding%20action%20on%20%23Syria.%20%40StateDept%20%40MFA_Russia%20%40LakhdarBrahimi%20set%20a%20date%20for%20%23SyriaPeaceTalks%20Pls%20RT" rel="nofollow">&gt;&gt; Tweet this &lt;&lt;</a></strong></p> <p><strong>If you haven't already, then please sign the #SyriaPeaceTalks petition:</strong></p> <p><a href="http://www.change.org/petitions/don-t-let-syria-down" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/oxfam-syria-peace-talks.jpg"></a></p> <p><strong>Background</strong></p> <p>The recent international agreement on Syria’s chemical weapons is a step in the right direction, but it’s just that – one step. <a href="http://www.pinterest.com/pin/223702306463867253/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>More than 100,000 people</strong></a> have been killed – largely by conventional weapons – since the Syrian conflict began 2.5 years ago. The only way to end the bloodshed for good is for all involved to prioritise a negotiated political solution.</p> <p>World leaders must use their political influence to get all parties to the conflict around the table to find a solution. For talks to be a success, they must include representatives of the peaceful majority of Syrians, including women’s groups and refugees, who just want this nightmare to end.</p> <p>Talks must be backed unequivocally by the international community, who should refrain from any acts or statements which risk undermining them. Meanwhile, world leaders must do everything they can to ensure that all people affected by the crisis can access the humanitarian aid they so urgently need.</p> <p><em>Please consider supporting <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/syria-appeal" rel="nofollow"><strong>Oxfam's humanitarian response to the Syria crisis</strong></a>.</em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>The pressure mounts for Syria peace talks</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-09-24-pourparlers-paix-syrie" title="La pression monte en faveur de pourparlers de paix sur la Syrie" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-09-25-aumenta-la-presion-de-las-conversaciones-de-paz-en-siria" title="Aumenta la presión para las conversaciones de paz en Siria" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Tue, 24 Sep 2013 14:22:30 +0000 Josephine Whitaker 10440 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10440#comments Syria's women sitting in limbo http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10412 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>I recently met Reema*, a 19-year-old Syrian girl, in a refugee camp in Lebanon. Back in Syria, Reema had her whole life before her. She'd just finished high school, and was about to go to university to study. She was eager to work and set up her future.</p> <p>Then, her family home was bombed and she, her parents and sisters had to flee. Now she sits in a camp with no chance of further education, no prospect of independence, and — in her eyes — no real hope of a better future.</p> <p>Sadly, Reema's story is <strong>just one of many</strong> among the people of Syria.</p> <p>Over the past four months, I have met many women refugees in Lebanon and Jordan. I feel honoured to hear their stories. In a crisis such as this, the views and concerns of ordinary people are often hard to find. The voices of women are especially rare.</p> <p>Many Syrian women are struggling to deal with the reality they face. Like you and me, they used to have homes, jobs, water, electricity, education and healthcare. Some are university professors, architects, and their husbands are landscape gardeners, stone masons and businessmen. Then, one day, it was all gone.</p> <h3>"I never thought this would happen to us."</h3> <p><strong></strong></p> <p>For many mothers I have met — it is their children they are most worried about. Many fled Syria because they feared for the lives of their sons and daughters. They worry that their children are no longer getting an education, that the water they are drinking is making them sick, and that they won't be able to provide them with enough food.</p> <p>Pregnant women are worried about giving birth and raising children in a camp that is dusty and dirty, where only basic medical care is available.</p> <p>Listening to these stories, I am struck by how lucky I am to have grown up in a country that is stable and prosperous like Australia. When I am sick, I go to see my local doctor. When I turn on a tap, I have drinkable water. How would I cope if tomorrow I became a refugee? I honestly don't know.</p> <p>It's not something I'm likely to face. But then, that's what the women I have met thought too. One of the most common phrases I have heard refugees from Syria say is: "I never thought this would happen to us."</p> <h3>Working with local organizations to help</h3> <p>Since the conflict started three years ago, 1.6 million** people have had to leave Syria to find safety and security in neighbouring countries, sometimes with nothing more than the clothes on their backs. Another 4.25 million people are still inside Syria, but have had to flee their homes to try to find a safe place to live.</p> <p></p> <p>Oxfam, and many others, is able to help with the immediate problems facing refugees. For example, we are working with local organisations to provide cash and vouchers so families can buy food and pay for a roof over their heads — whether that roof is a basement, part of an abandoned building, or plastic sheeting to make a tent.</p> <p>The aid that governments like Australia and individual people give is truly making a difference — it is saving lives.</p> <p>The <a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/13-06-07-un-syria-appeal-governments-must-fund-aid-effort-now"><strong>UN recently asked for US$5 billion</strong></a> to provide people affected by the Syrian crisis with life-saving humanitarian assistance during 2013. It's a huge amount of money, but to provide essential aid such as food, water, shelter and medical care to the millions of people affected, it is the amount we need.</p> <h3>Making Syria safe to return home</h3> <p>What aid agencies like Oxfam can't do is make Syria safe enough for people to go home. Governments and the opposition groups inside Syria need to do that — and <strong>we strongly urge them <a href="http://www.change.org/en-GB/petitions/don-t-let-syria-down" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">to find a peaceful solution</a></strong> to the crisis as soon as possible.</p> <p>The women I have spoken to desperately want to go home. They love Syria. But until it is safe to do so, they sit in limbo in countries like Lebanon and Jordan — not knowing their fate.</p> <p>To help women like Reema get back on their feet, <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/syria-appeal" rel="nofollow">donate to Oxfam's Syria crisis appeal</a>.</p> <p>*Reema is not her real name.** In the five weeks since this was written, the <a href="http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>number of Syrian refugees</strong></a> has increased by more than 300,000.</p> <p></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.oxfam.org/sites/blogs.oxfam.org/files/syria-clock-ticking-1400.jpg" target="_blank"></a></p> <p><strong>Please sign our petition for #SyriaPeaceTalks.</strong></p> <h3><a href="http://www.change.org/petitions/don-t-let-syria-down" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a></h3> <p>   </p> <h3></h3> <h3>You may also like<strong></strong></h3> <p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/syria-crisis" rel="nofollow">Crisis in Syria: What Oxfam is doing</a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Syria&#039;s women sitting in limbo</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-07-22-siria-nunca-pense-que-esto-podria-pasarnos" title="Siria: ‘nunca pensé que esto podría pasarnos’" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-07-23-syrie-femmes-refugiees-incertitude" title="Réfugiées syriennes : plongée dans l’incertitude" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Mon, 22 Jul 2013 18:40:08 +0000 Claire Seaward 10412 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10412#comments UN Disaster Risk Reduction Conference: Good, but needs to go further http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10321 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>Ben Murphy writes from the Global Platform, the disaster risk reduction summit and argues that urgent action is needed to transform the losing battle against risk.</em></p> <p><strong>Disaster risk is one of the biggest challenges facing the world today.</strong> Hazards such as droughts, floods and cyclones are increasing in frequency and severity, compounded by the impacts of climate change and environmental degradation. Exposure and vulnerability has grown due to higher concentrations of people and economic activity located in areas prone to natural hazards. The economic impacts of disasters have also increased, more than tripling in some countries over the last 20 years.</p> <p>Disaster risk is an issue neither low- nor high-income nations can afford to ignore.</p> <p>From increasingly frequent drought in the Sahel, to 2011's Great East Japan Earthquake and 2012's Hurricane Sandy we have seen that disaster risk is an issue neither low- nor high-income nations can afford to ignore. While great progress has been made in disaster risk reduction (DRR) efforts across the globe, an enhanced global push to strengthen risk reduction awareness, institutions and practice is urgently needed to transform the losing battle against increasing risk.</p> <p>This week, Oxfam staff and partners joined thousands of representatives from governments, civil society groups, NGOs, local community groups and the private sector in Geneva for the world's foremost gathering on DRR, the <a href="http://www.preventionweb.net/globalplatform/2013/about" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>biennial Global Platform for DRR</strong></a>.</p> <h3>Disaster risk is an issue neither low- nor high-income nations can afford to ignore.</h3> <p>Progress on a new 10-15 year plan of action on DRR from 2015 onwards has been top of the agenda - and not a moment too soon, given that the current <a href="http://www.unisdr.org/we/coordinate/hfa" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Hyogo Framework for Action</strong></a> (HFA) on DRR concludes in two years.</p> <p>The HFA has achieved much in giving greater momentum to DRR worldwide, but it is not without its weaknesses.</p> <p>A strengthened and more comprehensive HFA2 needs to build on the successes of the HFA, while addressing its limitations and the creativity needed to respond to growing risk and losses, economic impact and environmental damage.</p> <p>This afternoon, the <a href="http://www.preventionweb.net/globalplatform/2013/news/view/33306" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Chair of the Global Platform</strong></a> presented his draft summary, the key outcome document setting out priorities and way forward on HFA2. It has a strong emphasis on accountability and the importance of local and community involvement and empowerment. It recognizes the weaknesses of the current HFA in addressing the root causes of risk, and calls for an immediate start to work on measurable targets and indicators based on progress in reducing risk and vulnerability. This progress is welcome and represents a significant step towards a strengthened HFA2.</p> <h3>"Risk is increasing at a rate that no single sector can address." - Aris Papadopoulos</h3> <p>Yet more needs to be done to ensure that HFA2 provides the direction and innovation necessary to meet the increasing risks and challenges of the coming years and decades. As Aris Papadopoulos from the Private Sector Advisory Group on DRR concluded today, risk is increasing at a rate that no single sector can address.</p> <p>Meeting this increasing gap therefore requires a fundamental shift that puts the local focus and local action at the heart and centre of HFA2. Not only have bottom up DRR strategies proven to be the most effective, they provide a strong foundation of community resilience, leading to more resilient nations and enhancing and linking risk reduction efforts at all levels.</p> <p>We need a clear commitment in HFA2 to the needs and capacities of the most vulnerable and hazard prone. There should also be a stronger emphasis on the contribution of non-government actors, in particular the role of civil society in the development of HFA2, and the importance of linking communities with each other and with governments.</p> <p>The significant momentum established today towards the development of targets and indicators, should be further bolstered by commitments to the development of national databases on damage and losses to measure progress.</p> <p>Two years might sound like a long time, but in the world of international agreements it can pass very quickly. The progress achieved this week is undoubtedly significant, but a greater focus on building community resilience will help bring together and amplify our collective efforts at local, national and global levels, If a truly effective and strengthened HFA2 is to be achieved by 2015, we need a comprehensive and ambitious path forward that charts a role in DRR for all those with a stake in a more resilient world.</p> <p><em>Originally published by <a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/blog/2013/05/drr-conference" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>OxfamGB</strong></a>.</em></p> <h3><em></em>You may also like</h3> <p>Check out this snappy UNDP #ActNow Save Later video, on disaster risk reduction: Every $1 spent on preparedness saves $7 in response.</p> <p> <strong>Read the Oxfam report: <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/no-accident-resilience-and-inequality-risk" rel="nofollow">No Accident: Resilience and the inequality of risk</a></strong>Our latest report on resilience calls on governments and aid agencies to tackle the politics and power at the heart of the increasing effects of climate change, rising inequality and people’s vulnerability to disasters.</p> <p><strong>From the Overseas Development Institute: <a href="http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7452-climate-finance-disaster-risk-reduction" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">International financing for disaster risk management the 20-year story (1991-2010)</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>UN Disaster Risk Reduction Conference: Good, but needs to go further</h2></div> Fri, 24 May 2013 14:39:34 +0000 Ben Murphy 10321 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10321#comments We’ve come a long way baby… or have we? http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10382 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>While gender equality is enshrined in the 1948 UN Declaration of Human Rights, in the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and in legislation in most countries, <strong>women’s conditions of participation in markets and their rewards from that participation, still remain woefully unequal to men’s. </strong></p> <p><strong></strong>Many women work in temporary or informal positions and are therefore “invisible” to laws and regulations.</p> <p>Women also currently bear a disproportionate share of household and domestic labor performing 80 percent of unpaid care work. Business can’t solve all these problems alone, but corporate practice can either aggravate and perpetuate gender inequality, or it can help lead the way to for equality among men and women.</p> <p>Take into account these figures:</p> <ul><li>In sub-Saharan Africa nearly <strong>80% of women workers are in vulnerable employment</strong>.</li> <li>In Southern Asia, <strong>36 % of women participate in the labor market</strong>. Less than 50% of these are on a payroll and concentrated in informal, sub-contracted, and home-working economies.</li> <li>In Kenya, <strong>women own half of all small and medium enterprises</strong>, but experience less growth than male-owned businesses due to a lack of support and resources.</li> </ul><p><strong><a href="http://www.weprinciples.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The UN Women’s Empowerment Principles</a></strong> is a result of a collaboration between UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women which was created by the UN General Assessment in 2010, and the UN Global Compact, a policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labor, environment and anti-corruption.</p> <h3>The 7 Women's Empowerment Principles</h3> <p>The Women’s Empowerment Principles (WEP) are a set of Principles for business offering guidance on how to empower women in the workplace, marketplace and community.  The seven principles are:<strong></strong></p> <p><strong>Principle 1: <a href="http://weprinciples.org/Site/Principle1/" rel="nofollow">Establish high-level corporate leadership for gender equality</a></strong><strong>Principle 2: <a href="http://weprinciples.org/Site/Principle2/" rel="nofollow">Treat all women and men fairly at work – respect and support human rights and nondiscrimination</a></strong><strong>Principle 3: <a href="http://weprinciples.org/Site/Principle3/" rel="nofollow">Ensure the health, safety and well-being of all women and men workers</a></strong><strong>Principle 4: <a href="http://weprinciples.org/Site/Principle4/" rel="nofollow">Promote education, training and professional development for women</a></strong><strong>Principle 5: <a href="http://weprinciples.org/Site/Principle5/" rel="nofollow">Implement enterprise development, supply chain and marketing practices that empower women</a></strong><strong>Principle 6: <a href="http://weprinciples.org/Site/Principle6/" rel="nofollow">Promote equality through community initiatives and advocacy</a></strong><strong>Principle 7: <a href="http://weprinciples.org/Site/Principle7/" rel="nofollow">Measure and publicly report on progress to achieve gender equality</a></strong></p> <p>While there is no enforcement mechanism or consequence for not upholding the principles, such commitments do serve as an opportunity for civil society organizations to hold corporations accountable. Principle 7 in particular encourages companies to set specific benchmarks and targets for progress towards gender equality and to use sex-disaggregated data when possible to report on progress to their stakeholders and according to the UN WEP, many companies are in fact following through. </p> <p>A key component of Oxfam’s<strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en" rel="nofollow"> Behind the Brands</a></strong> campaign is the issue of transparency which serves as a meta theme for Oxfam’s <strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/company-scorecard" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Scorecard</a></strong> on the top 10 food and beverage companies.  While policies on women, workers, farmers, land, water and climate all contribute to impacts on vulnerable communities, a company’s reporting allows those communities and others to understand the dynamics of the supply chain and hold actors accountable.</p> <p>It is this <strong>principle of “knowing and showing”</strong> which led Oxfam to call on the three chocolate companies,<strong> <a href="http://cocoasustainability.com/2013/04/mars-chocolate-signs-un-womens-empowerment-principles/%20" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Mars</a>, <a href="http://ir.mondelezinternational.com/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=758357" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Mondelez</a> and <a href="http://www.nestle.com/Media/NewsAndFeatures/Womens-Empowerment-Principles%20" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Nestle</a></strong><a href="http://www.nestle.com/Media/NewsAndFeatures/Womens-Empowerment-Principles%20" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> </a>to sign on to the WEP in addition to conducting impact assessments on women’s working conditions in their cocoa supply chains, commit to plans of action, and use their influence in industry initiatives and certification schemes to raise the issue of women’s rights and gender equality as a priority. Soft law principles such as the WEP are not a substitute for hard laws and regulations and while the WEP is not a stop gap measure for ensuring gender equality it does require the CEO of the company to sign a statement that indicates they will promote and implement the principles.  Most CEO’s take such efforts seriously and it sends a signal not only to employees of the company but to their suppliers as well that the CEO believes in gender equality.</p> <p>So <strong>Oxfam will continue to encourage companies to sign on to the WEP and implement the principles as well.</strong>  While women have come a long way in having their rights enshrined in laws and conventions, for most women in the world the reality of gender equality has not yet materialized.</p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><strong><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en" rel="nofollow">Behind the Brands campaign</a></strong></p> <p><strong>More on <a href="http://www.oxfam.org/en/about/issues/gender" rel="nofollow">Oxfam's work toward Gender Justice</a></strong></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>We’ve come a long way baby… or have we?</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blogs/13-05-20-hemos-recorrido-un-largo-camino" title="Hemos recorrido un largo camino... ¿no?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> <li class="translation_fr last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/13-05-21-nous-avons-parcouru-beaucoup-de-chemin%E2%80%A6-non" title="Nous avons parcouru beaucoup de chemin… non ?" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Fri, 17 May 2013 11:57:29 +0000 Irit Tamir 10382 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/10382#comments