Oxfam International Blogs - émissions http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/tags/%C3%A9missions fr Danone's missed opportunity to be legen-DAIRY on climate http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/29863 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><em>This piece was co-authored by Jean-Cyril Dagorn (Policy Advisor, Oxfam France) &amp; Ioan Nemes (Policy Advisor, Oxfam Novib)</em></p> <p>We are in the home stretch for the COP21 climate negotiations in Paris. And as microphones and screens are being tested, tables cleaned and chairs lined up in Le Bourget for the big meetings, French food giant Danone released <strong><a href="http://www.danone.com/uploads/tx_bidanonepublications/DP_DANONE_Climate-Policy_EN_091115.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">their new climate policy</a></strong>.  Sadly though, the new policy is disappointingly weak both in its commitment to mitigate greenhouse gas(GHG) emissions and  lack of investment in vulnerable farmers and communities to adapt and build resilience to the impacts of climate change. </p> <p>As the biggest food company in the country that is hosting the historic climate talks, as a global business that has been a big contributor to climate change through its emissions from operations and supply chains, and as a business that is directly impacted by the impacts of climate change, Danone had a unique responsibility to act now, and to act boldly. Unfortunately, its recently released policy fails to do just that.</p> <p><strong>1.</strong> On <strong>mitigation</strong>, Danone’s target misses the mark on three critical fronts. While the company says it recognizes the imperatives of climate science, Danone doesn’t set science-based targets (or even come close), which are urgently needed from companies – especially global ones -  to keep temperatures from rising beyond 2 degrees Celsius, as the world’s carbon budget shrinks.  </p> <p><strong>2.</strong> It doesn’t include any clear and immediate commitments for tackling <strong><a href="http://www.ghgprotocol.org/files/ghgp/public/FAQ.pdf" rel="nofollow">Scope 3 agricultural emissions</a></strong> (upstream GHG emissions associated with the productions of raw materials such as milk and sugar) in its supply chain, despite the fact that they account for close to 60 percent of the company’s carbon footprint. </p> <p><strong>3.</strong> It continues to set <strong>intensity-based targets, rather than absolute targets</strong> – a glaring gap in the policy. In addition, Danone only commits to start reducing absolute emissions by 2025; which means the company could continue emitting more greenhouse gases until then. Unfortunately for all of us, the climate clock is ticking and action cannot wait for another 10 years.  </p> <p>The fact that their climate policy doesn’t measure up in such key areas, shows <strong>how far behind it is compared to its’ <a href="http://politicsofpoverty.oxfamamerica.org/2015/10/decoding-the-commitments-three-ways-to-tell-if-behind-the-brands-companies-are-setting-meaningful-climate-mitigation-targets/" rel="nofollow">Behind the Brands</a> peers.</strong>  <strong><a href="http://blog.generalmills.com/2015/08/general-mills-makes-new-commitment-on-climate-change/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">General Mills</a></strong> - the maker of Yoplait yogurt – for example, has already adopted science-based targets to reduce emissions across its value chain, while Danone remains one of two food companies of the 10 largest with a mitigation target that is not absolute, not science-based, and does not include scope 3 agricultural emissions.  If Yoplait can do it, why can’t Danone?</p> <p><img alt="Danone legen-dairy fail" title="Danone legen-dairy fail" height="355" width="680" typeof="Image" src="http://l.blogs.oxfam/sites/default/files/danone_blog.jpg" /></p> <p><strong>Danone’s new policy also does little to invest in the farmers in its supply chain to become more resilient in the face of climate change.</strong> Small-scale farmers in less developed countries are the most likely to be affected by the impacts of climate change. As temperatures rise and floods and droughts become more common, it is their livelihoods that are most at risk. Unfortunately, <strong>companies like Danone benefit from a highly unequal relationship with small scale farmers</strong> who produce the milk or grow the cocoa that ends up in their products. Instead of recognizing this crucial relationship and Danone's responsibility to ensure their suppliers, particularly small scale farmers, have the means to cope with climate change impacts, the company's resilience policy focuses on the sustainable diets of its consumers and providing extension services to farmers – but neither of these cut to the heart of the issue. </p> <p>What small-scale farmers need is a living income that enables them to bounce back when they are faced with economic or weather related shocks. This means, <strong>farmers should be offered fair deals, stable prices, the ability to organize, and access to tools and training that will enable them to adapt their agricultural practices to climate change.</strong>  All of which, the company is basically silent on.  The company presents the issue as a “dilemma” between “fair prices for farmers” and “more affordable products for consumers.” This is not a dilemma though – farmers need and deserve a fair share of the value they create. End of story.</p> <p>Another problem with Danone’s climate policy is that while it showcases boutique initiatives like carbon offset agriculture and forestry projects and the Livelihood Fund for Family Farming, launched in June this year, <strong>it doesn’t offer a vision of how it will transform its own business.</strong> For instance, Danone’s emission reduction plans which center around its zero net emissions approach means that the company could neutralize its carbon footprint by investing in carbon credits without making any real effort to reduce emissions within its own operations or value chain.  </p> <p>While it is good for companies to invest in initiatives like the Livelihoods Fund, they are and remain marginal approaches and don’t fundamentally transform the business practices of the company itself. Without fundamental changes in business practices, these initiatives run the risk of being tantamount to green-wash.  </p> <p>Finally, the policy says nothing about Danone’s role as the largest French food company in advocating for a strong climate deal ahead of the COP 21, especially since the world will gather on its doorstep for pivotal global climate negotiations in the coming weeks. </p> <p><strong>At this critical juncture, Oxfam is calling on Danone to come up with a policy before COP21 that shows the company’s commitment towards climate change by:</strong></p> <ul> <li>Setting targets to immediately reduce its emissions from operations as well as from its supply chain, in particular its emissions associated with agriculture.</li> <li>Enabling small-scale farmers to become truly resilient by earning a living income.</li> <li>Advocating for a strong deal in Paris. </li> </ul> <p>As the largest French food company – and one of the largest in the world – the unveiling of a climate policy that fails on so many fronts is unacceptable.  <strong>Danone’s climate policy has really missed an opportunity for the dairy giant.</strong> It could have shown leadership and raised the bar for other companies, while other companies have stepped up their commitment on climate change, Danone has emerged as a climate laggard. Danone says its yogurt makes you “smile from the inside,” but this new climate policy gives us nothing to smile about.</p> <p><em>This entry was posted by Jean-Cyril Dagorn (Policy Advisor, Oxfam France) &amp; Ioan Nemes (Policy Advisor, Oxfam Novib) on 20 November 2015.</em></p> <h3>How you can help</h3> <p><strong><a rel="nofollow" href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en" target="_blank">Join the movement</a>: Your favorite food brands care what you think!</strong></p> </p> </div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Danone&#039;s missed opportunity to be legen-DAIRY on climate</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_fr first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blogs/15-11-20-danone-ou-l%E2%80%99occasion-manqu%C3%A9e-d%E2%80%99entrer-dans-la-lait-gende-sur-le-climat" title="Danone ou l’occasion manquée d’entrer dans la LAIT-gende sur le climat" class="translation-link" xml:lang="fr">Français</a></li> </ul> Fri, 20 Nov 2015 09:25:56 +0000 Guest Blogger 29863 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/29863#comments Will businesses ‘Walk the Walk’ and “Talk the Walk” on the Road to Paris? http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/26776 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Business leaders meeting in Paris have the power to show they will listen to those who are least to blame yet most affected by climate change, like Anastacia from Mozambique </strong>(pictured above)<strong>. She told Oxfam that the temperature is changing and there are more extreme changes in the rainy and dry seasons where she lives. Rainy seasons are getting longer and the dry seasons shorter.</strong></p> <h3>Will companies actually stand up and make broad commitments at the Business &amp; Climate Summit in Paris this week?</h3> <p>This year is crucial when it comes to tackling climate change as world leaders will be meeting in Paris in December to negotiate how those emitting the most carbon will stand by those that are most vulnerable to climate change. In the lead up to those negotiations, major multi-national companies will come together this week to discuss climate change at a Business Summit in Paris. The Business &amp; Climate Summit “provides a unique forum for business and government leaders to demonstrate bold action, adopt forward-looking strategies and call for ambitious policies that will allow us to scale up solutions,” according to its website. But will companies actually stand up and make broad commitments?</p> <p><strong>It is more urgent than ever</strong> for business to make it clear to governments that it is in the commercial interests of many of them particularly the food and beverage sector, as well as the in the interests of those living in poverty and the planet itself, to make ambitious commitments. Last year, Oxfam called on food and beverage companies to <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/bp186-standing-sidelines-big10-climate-emissions-200514-en_2.pdf" rel="nofollow">step off the sidelines</a> and start playing ball when it comes to climate change. After all, this sector is at extreme risk of climate impacts. Every day there is news of how climate change is wreaking havoc on our food like <a href="http://in.reuters.com/article/2015/05/04/climatechange-tea-india-idINKBN0NP1YW20150504" rel="nofollow">tea</a>, <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168192315000830" rel="nofollow">coffee</a>, <a href="http://www.salon.com/2014/11/20/why_climate_change_could_mean_the_end_of_chocolate_partner/" rel="nofollow">cocoa</a>, <a href="http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/err-economic-research-report/err175.aspx" rel="nofollow">dairy</a>, <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2014/02/filipino-fight-against-climate-change-201421613573434853.html" rel="nofollow">coconuts</a>, and <a href="http://www.ibtimes.com/climate-change-food-security-global-banana-market-feeling-strain-hotter-weather-1854296" rel="nofollow">bananas</a>, to name a few. Recently I met a dairy farmer in Kenya, Rose, she told me “the weather has changed tremendously. This place used to have plenty of rain. Almost throughout the year we had rain here. There was no problem with fodder.” In one of the droughts she lost 2 of her 5 cows. Dairy farming was how she supported her family.</p> <p>The irony is that the way we grow our food also contributes to climate change. Two companies – <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en-us/campaign-news/climate-roadmap" rel="nofollow">General Mills and Kellogg</a> – took up our challenge last year to reduce their agricultural emissions across their supply chains but some are still standing on the sidelines.</p> <p><strong>But reducing their emissions is only one step towards the Road to Paris.</strong> The second step must be supporting the farmers like Rose that not only take on the climate risks of the food sector in a disproportionate way, but reap the <a href="http://www.cocoabarometer.org/Download_files/Cocoa%20Barometer%202015.pdf" rel="nofollow">least amount</a> from the prices of the commodities they grow. Economic resilience is a key part of the equation for reducing farmer vulnerability to climate impacts, but companies must also accelerate the sharing and investing in innovations related to adaptation strategies for those farmers.</p> <p>Finally, once they have credibly “walked the walk”, food and beverage companies need to “talk the walk” – by sounding the alarm for the future of food security and for their own survival. This includes being a public champion and a strong advocate toward key national governments for a fair and binding climate treaty in Paris, robust financing for adaptation and calling out other industries, including the fossil fuel sector, to stop blocking any efforts towards these accomplishments. Some of the food and beverage companies have been leaders on this front and have been the driving force behind statements made coalitions such as <a href="http://www.ceres.org/bicep" rel="nofollow">BICEP</a>, <a href="http://www.wemeanbusinesscoalition.org/" rel="nofollow">We Mean Business</a> and the <a href="http://www.theconsumergoodsforum.com/" rel="nofollow">Consumer Goods Forum</a>, but more can be done by those leaders and the laggards must catch up.</p> <p>So will the food and beverage companies step up and make some concrete commitments? Look out for our next blog to find out.</p> <p><em>This entry posted by Irit Tamir, Senior Campaigns and Advocacy Advisor, Private Sector, Oxfam America, on 19 May 2015. Photo: Anastacia Antonia, Farmer, Mozambique. 22 years old. Credit: Mario Macilau/Oxfam</em></p> <h3>What you can do now</h3> <p><a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/take-action" rel="nofollow"><strong>Make your voice heard - push your favorite brand to act on climate change</strong></a></p> <h3>You may also like</h3> <p><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-03-31-battle-brands-annual-scorecard-update"><strong>Battle of the Brands: The Annual Scorecard Update</strong></a></p> <p><a href="https://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs/15-01-19-inequality-climate-change-defining-challenges-2015"><strong>Rising inequality and climate change: The defining challenges for global leaders in 2015</strong></a></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Will businesses ‘Walk the Walk’ and “Talk the Walk” on the Road to Paris?</h2></div> Tue, 19 May 2015 11:19:01 +0000 Irit Tamir 26776 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/26776#comments Over 675,000 of us made history by marching for change http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/19536 <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Since the<strong> <a href="http://unfccc.int/meetings/copenhagen_dec_2009/meeting/6295.php" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Copenhagen climate summit in 2009</a></strong>, climate-related disasters have:</p> <ul><li>cost the world almost half a trillion dollars</li> <li>affected than 650 million people</li> <li>caused 112,000 lives to be lost</li> </ul><p>Right now climate change is making life for millions of people around the world and the fight against hunger much harder. What’s being done about this? On September 21st, just two days before UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon gathered world leaders to discuss climate change for the first time since Copenhagen, <strong><a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/oxfam/sets/72157648011110482/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">well over half a million people in 161 countries took to the streets</a> to demand more ambitious action from businesses and governments to tackle climate change. </strong> In New York, where Ban Ki-Moon’s meeting was taking place, we saw <strong><a href="http://peoplesclimate.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">the biggest ever climate related mobilisation</a></strong> as an incredible 400,000+ people marched through the streets of the city calling for change. All over the planet people joined in the action at more than 2800 events in Brazil, Canada, France, Belgium, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand,  South Africa, the United Kingdom and many, many more countries. The people have spoken and it’s time for leaders to listen up.</p> <p>People around the world are clearly calling for action on the impacts of climate change but shockingly political leaders are still not stepping up. </p> <p>French <strong><a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/sep/23/france-promise-climate-change-summit" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">President François Hollande pledged $1bn for the Green Climate Fund</a></strong> (a key tool in fighting climate change), with just over $300m more from a range of countries including Denmark, Norway and Luxembourg, South Korea and Mexico. European Commission President José Manuel Barroso reiterated the EU engagement to dedicate 20% of the 2014-2020 EU budget for external action on climate action but he noticeably made no commitment on the GCF. Equally silent on this front were the leaders of the UK, US, Netherlands, Japan, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.</p> <p>There were progressive commitments from Chile, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Malaysia Mexico,  and the inspiring examples of Costa Rican and Tuvalu who will be 100% powered by clean energy by 2016 and 2020 respectively. While Chinese Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli restated China’s plan to cut carbon emissions by 40-45% of what they were in 2005 in the next six years, and promised to name a date soon by when Chinese emissions would peak and start to fall. </p> <p>So while there were some positive signals sent, especially from developing country governments, overall these outcomes really served as a reminder that <strong>we have a long way to go if we are serious about taking on — and winning — the fight against climate change</strong> and ultimately ensuring everyone has enough to eat. Even though we didn’t see enough from the politicians present, we did witness the awe-inspiring sight of over 675,000 passionate people showing how much they care about the future of our planet and the people on it. As part of this mass movement, we’re not just going to go away quietly now that the summit is over and the participants are back to their day jobs.</p> <p>Meanwhile the business sector offered mixed messages. Large scale trader Cargill announced that it would apply its forest-friendly palm oil policy across all commodities. Nestle joined <strong><a href="http://caringforclimate.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Caring for Climate</a></strong>, the world's largest coalition on climate issues. Six of the 10 largest Food and Beverage companies: Unilever, Kellogg, Nestle, Danone, General Mills and Mondelez are all signatories to the <strong><a href="http://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/09/FORESTS-New-York-Declaration-on-Forests.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">New York Declaration on Deforestation</a></strong>. And thanks to Oxfam supporters <a href="http://www.behindthebrands.org/en/campaign-news/today-kellogg-stepped-up-to-tackle-climate-change" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>General Mills and Kellogg committed to reducing emissions throughout their supply chains</strong></a>. Much of industry, including fossil fuel companies, remained conspicuously silent though.</p> <p>Another milestone in the fight against climate change is fast approaching. In early October we will release our next scorecard update for the <strong><a href="http://behindthebrands.org" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Behind the Brands</a></strong> campaign, which rates the top food and drinks companies on a number of key indicators. This is done by a rigorous review of companies’ policies, public statements and commitments covering areas such as farmers, women, transparency, land, water and climate change. The companies featured on the scorecard are clearly recognising now that people powered campaigning is making a difference. "Kellogg is proud to contribute to substantial and scalable solutions that address the impact of climate change on food security and global nutrition," said Diane Holdorf, Chief Sustainability Officer, Kellogg Company.  The actions of hundreds of thousands of people like you have forced food and drink companies to address vulnerabilities in their supply chains and improve their policies on people and planet. Then later this year, the formal pledging conference for the Green Climate Fund will take place, shortly before world leaders will be coming together again in Peru for the annual UN ‘<strong><a href="http://www.cop20.pe/en/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Conference of the Parties</a></strong>’ (COP) to reignite conversations about securing a global deal on climate change. These negotiations will need to make progress on a new global agreement that is both adequate (in line with what is required to keep global warming below 2°C) and fair (in sharing the responsibility for emission reductions and finance).  <strong>All around the world the appetite for real action on climate change couldn’t be clearer</strong>, it’s on us all now to keep putting pressure on political and business leaders to act.  </p> <p>“The alarm bells keep ringing, our citizens keep marching. We can’t pretend we don’t hear them, we must answer their call.” Barack Obama, UN Climate Summit, September 23, 2014.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Over 675,000 of us made history by marching for change</h2></div> Sat, 27 Sep 2014 07:27:23 +0000 Sarah Watson 19536 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/19536#comments L'accord sur le climat laisse les populations pauvres sur le carreau http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-12-11-accord-climat-laisse-populations-pauvres-carreau <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>Les négociateurs de la conférence de l'ONU sur le climat ont frôlé l'échec, ne parvenant à un accord sur le strict minimum qu'après avoir joué les prolongations.</strong></p> <p><strong></strong>Les débats et les textes ont essentiellement abordé et disséqué deux grandes questions au cours de ces deux longues semaines de négociations. Il s'agissait tout d'abord de renforcer les ambitions de réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre et de mettre en place un cadre juridique, axé sur une seconde période d'engagement du <strong><a href="http://unfccc.int/portal_francophone/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/items/3274.php" target="_blank" title="Le Protocole de Kyoto - Site officiel de la CCNUCC" rel="nofollow">protocole de Kyoto</a></strong> et fondé sur un accord juste, ambitieux et contraignant pour tous les grands émetteurs. Il fallait en outre trouver les moyens d'abonder le <strong><a href="http://www.journaldumali.com/article.php?aid=3934" target="_blank" title="A quoi sert un Fonds climat ? (Journal du Mali)" rel="nofollow">Fonds vert pour le climat</a></strong>, l'instrument destiné à acheminer vers les pays en développement les financements qui leur permettront d'adapter leurs économies et de les engager sur une voie plus écologique de façon à limiter les effets du changement climatique sur leurs peuples.</p> <p>L'accord finalement conclu après une seconde nuit de pourparlers met en œuvre un fonds dépourvu de sources de financement, ménage une étroite marge de manœuvre pour éviter les 4 °C de réchauffement et adopte une seconde période d'engagement du protocole de Kyoto sans la participation de certains membres clés.</p> <p>Soyons clairs, comme disent les participants en préambule de leurs déclarations, l'accord conclu à Durban n'est pas bon pour l'avenir de la planète, ni pour les populations les plus pauvres et vulnérables. Le message des négociateurs aux personnes qui souffrent de la faim dans le monde se résume à ces quelques mots : "Qu'ils mangent du carbone."</p> <p>La "<strong>plate-forme de Durban</strong>" n'est qu'une immense déception. Mais ce retard est directement imputable aux États-Unis et à d'autres pays comme le Canada, le Japon et l'Australie qui ont traîné les pieds du début à la fin, s'agissant notamment des moyens de réduire les émissions pour maintenir le réchauffement sous la barre des 2 °C.</p> <p>Si aucune mesure plus ambitieuse n'est prise très bientôt, les agriculteurs et agricultrices de certaines régions d'Afrique pourraient se trouver confrontés à une baisse des rendements de plus de 50 % dès cette génération ou celle de leurs enfants. Les prix alimentaires mondiaux risquent de plus que doubler au cours des vingt prochaines années, et le changement climatique en serait responsable pour moitié. Devant ces conséquences, une assistance concrète permettant aux plus vulnérables de se prémunir contre le changement climatique apparaît encore plus cruciale.</p> <p></p> <p>Le Fonds vert pour le climat ne doit pas être une coquille vide. Les États doivent identifier sans délai des sources importantes et prévisibles de financement, comme une infime <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/campaign/health-education/taxe-robin-des-bois" target="_blank" title="La taxe Robin des bois présentée par Oxfam" rel="nofollow">taxe sur les transactions financières</a></strong> et une <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/cultivons/pressroom/pressrelease/2011-11-29/changement-climatique-oxfam-wwf-ICS-accord-reduction-emissions-maritimes" target="_blank" title=" Oxfam, WWF et les armateurs pour un accord afin de réduire les émissions du secteur maritime" rel="nofollow">taxe sur les émissions du transport maritime international</a></strong>.</p> <p>À peine engrangés les maigres acquis de Durban, les gouvernements doivent immédiatement s'atteler à renforcer les ambitions de réduction de leurs émissions et à alimenter le Fonds vert pour le climat. À moins que les pays ne réduisent davantage leurs émissions de toute urgence, les communautés les plus pauvres et les plus vulnérables du monde paieront cette inaction de leur vie.</p> <p>Ceux qui se soucient du sort des populations pauvres dans le monde et de leur propre avenir économique devraient être en colère devant l'incapacité des gouvernements à prendre des mesures adéquates ici à Durban. Mais la colère ne va pas résoudre la question du changement climatique. Rio représente une opportunité pour relever le niveau d'ambition et parvenir au type d'accord dont nous avons besoin. Ceux qui sont incapables de négocier ce genre de résultat devraient tout simplement rester chez eux.</p> <p><em>Suivez-nous sur notre compte Twitter en français<strong><a href="http://twitter.com/#%21/Oxfam_fr" target="_blank" title="Oxfam - Compte twitter francophone" rel="nofollow"> @Oxfam_fr</a></strong> et sur la page consacrée à la campagne CULTIVONS sur <strong><a href="http://www.facebook.com/GROWgarden" target="_blank" title="CULTIVONS - page Facebook en anglais, espagnol et français" rel="nofollow">Facebook</a></strong>.</em></p> <p><em>Pour plus d'informations sur <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/cultivons/durban" target="_blank" title="Oxfam à la COP17, Durban, Afrique du Sud" rel="nofollow">le travail d'Oxfam à la COP17</a></strong>, consultez notre page spéciale sur le sommet de Durban sur le changement climatique.</em></p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>L&#039;accord sur le climat laisse les populations pauvres sur le carreau</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/11-12-11-climate-deal-fails-poor-people" title="Climate deal fails poor people" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/11-12-16-el-acuerdo-climatico-decepciona-personas-mas-pobres" title="El acuerdo climático decepciona a las personas más pobres" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Wed, 14 Dec 2011 13:30:12 +0000 Ian Sullivan 9702 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/11-12-11-accord-climat-laisse-populations-pauvres-carreau#comments Spoiler warning: Worst corporate lobbyists in the EU revealed! http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/9302 <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>As we move towards the next big climate meeting in <a href="http://cc2010.mx/en/" rel="nofollow">Cancun</a> at the end of this month, activities are ramping up to influence the global talks. </strong>And it’s not only civil society organizations and active citizens wanting action on climate change that are lobbying hard to get a success story out of the meeting.</p> <p>Behind the scenes lurk big powerful interests that have stakes in promoting weak climate legislation and undermining the UN process. There have been many examples over the last few months exposing how the fossil-fuel industry is accused of <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/mar/30/us-oil-donated-millions-climate-sceptics" rel="nofollow"><strong>funding climate sceptics</strong></a> and right-wing ‘<a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kevin-grandia/leaked-memo---oil-lobbys_b_259149.html" rel="nofollow"><strong>think-tanks</strong></a>.’</p> <p><strong>In the EU, attempts to move to a stronger climate legislation cutting more emissions, has also been undermined by strong interests. Who? Keep reading…</strong></p> <p>Oxfam is currently partnering with organizations like <a href="http://www.foeeurope.org/Index.htm" rel="nofollow"><strong>Friends of the Earth Europe</strong></a>, <a href="http://www.corporateeurope.org/" rel="nofollow"><strong>Corporate Europe Observatory</strong></a>, <a href="http://www.lobbycontrol.de/blog/" rel="nofollow"><strong>LobbyControl</strong></a> and <a href="http://www.spinwatch.org/" rel="nofollow"><strong>Spinwatch</strong></a> to support the 2010 “<a href="http://www.worstlobby.eu/" rel="nofollow"><strong>Worst Lobby Awards</strong></a>“, a campaign aimed to expose the worst offenders on lobbying behind the scenes to undermine effective European action on climate change.   </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Oxfam supports the climate category and three organizations have been <a href="http://www.worstlobby.eu/2010/nominees" rel="nofollow">nominated</a> for the ‘Award’:</strong></p> <ul><li><strong>BusinessEurope</strong>: Nominated for aggressive lobbying to block effective climate action in the EU while claiming to support action to protect the climate.</li> </ul><ul><li><strong>ArcelorMittal:</strong> Largest steel producing company in the world, nominated for lobbying on CO2 cuts under the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and profiting from free ETS emission permits.</li> </ul><ul><li><strong>RWE (npower):</strong> Nominated for claiming to be green while lobbying to keep its dirty coal- and oil-fired power plants open.</li> </ul><p><strong>Your vote counts! </strong>Make sure you <a href="http://www.worstlobby.eu/" rel="nofollow"><strong>vote now</strong></a> to help us decide who’s the worst out of these three. The ‘winner’ will be announced during the Cancun meeting so stay tuned…<strong><a href="http://www.worstlobby.eu/" rel="nofollow"></a></strong></p> <p><strong>Want to know more? </strong>Read why these guys are nominated for the <strong><a href="http://www.worstlobby.eu/2010/nominees" rel="nofollow">Worst Lobby Awards</a></strong>.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Spoiler warning: Worst corporate lobbyists in the EU revealed!</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_es first last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/10-11-08-cuidado-revelamos-nombres-peores-lobbys-en-ue" title="CUIDADO: ¡Revelamos los nombres de los peores lobbys en la UE!" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 08 Nov 2010 17:51:40 +0000 Frida Eklund 9302 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/node/9302#comments Crise à Copenhague: Les négociations sont en train d'échouer mais les dirigeants des pays riches peuvent encore les sauver. http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/09-12-17-crise-copenhague-negociations-en-train-echouer-mais-leaders-pays-riches-peuvent-sauver <div class="field field-name-body"><p><strong>C'est la crise. </strong>Alors que les dirigeants de la planète convergent vers Copenhague pour les deux derniers jours <strong>des négociations,</strong> celles-ci sont <strong>au bord d'un échec retentissant. </strong>Les pays riches semblent ne pas avoir décidé de relever le défi, et ne proposent ni financements ni autres mesures vitales, essentiels à tout <strong>accord équitable et contraignant.</strong></p> <p>Cela dit, les négociations ne sont pas encore closes et peuvent encore être couronnées de succès si les dirigeants décident enfin de faire preuve de volonté politique. Participez au large mouvement de pression mondial et <strong>téléphonez directement à ces dirigeants. Exigez d'eux qu'ils résolvent cette crise urgente et qu’ils arrêtent enfin de bloquer l'Accord.</strong></p> <p><strong>Ce que vous pouvez faire ?</strong></p> <p>Voici une liste des gouvernements qui bloquent l'Accord - et la manière dont ils s’y prennent. Nous avons aussi les coordonnées des gouvernements du monde entier. Nous attendons de VOUS que vous appeliez le pays le plus approprié et lui demandiez d'arrêter de bloquer la conclusion d’un accord. Veuillez svp. choisir votre propre gouvernement ou celui que vous estimez être le plus "bloquant". </p> <p>Utilisez le texte ci-dessus comme source d'inspiration. Vous trouverez davantage d'information sur la manière dont les différents pays bloquent les négociations ci-dessous. </p> <p>Voici un outil qui vous donnera le numéro de téléphone du gouvernement que vous voulez joindre par téléphone.</p> <p></p> <h3>Qui engendre la crise ?</h3> <p><strong>Les Etats-Unis</strong> - Cible d'une énorme pression internationale, Hilary Clinton a aujourd’hui annoncé le soutien des Etats-Unis à un package de financement à long terme visant à aider les pays pauvres, chose bien reçue par Oxfam.Le Etats-Unis doivent néanmoins être clairs sur deux points essentiels : premièrement, il est impératif que l’argent libéré par les pays riches soit uniquement public, deuxièmement, il est absolument vital que les engagements soient nouveaux et ne ponctionnent pas l'argent de l'aide au développement qui est désespérément nécessaire aux hôpitaux et aux écoles dans les pays pauvres. (mise à jour le 17 décembre)</p> <p><strong>L'Autriche, la Suède, la Finlande, l'Australie, la Nouvelle-Zélande, le Japon et le Canada </strong>- Ces pays essaient de créer un vide juridique sous prétexte que les émissions liées aux forêts diminueraient radicalement leurs émissions apparentes (mais pas réelles).</p> <p><strong>L'Union Européenne - </strong>n'en a pas suffisamment fait sur le financement de l'adaptation aux changements climatiques des pays en développement. Elle doit <strong>faire une offre concrète</strong> sur le montant qu'elle s'engage à débourser sur le long-terme pour que ces pays puissent s'adapter et réduire leur empreinte carbone. Elle doit pour cela assurer une contribution claire aux 200 milliards de dollars annuellement nécessaires d'ici à 2020, et, tout comme les Etats Unis, devra s’assurer que ces fonds ne seront que des fonds gouvernementaux ajoutés aux fonds et aux promesses existants.</p> <p><strong>Le Canada </strong>- a systématiquement bloqué toute progression dans les négociations et trompé le public sur ses émissions de pétrole et de gaz.</p> <p>C'est notre dernière chance de faire pression pour un accord juste et contraignant. Dés que vous avez passé votre appel téléphonique, laissez-nous un message sur ce blog pour dire au monde que vous l'avez fait.</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Crise à Copenhague: Les négociations sont en train d&#039;échouer mais les dirigeants des pays riches peuvent encore les sauver.</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/09-12-16-moment-crisis-copenhagen-talks-are-failing-rich-country-leaders-can-fix-it" title="Moment of crisis: Copenhagen talks are failing but rich country leaders can fix it" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/09-12-17-emomento-de-verdad-negociaciones-copenhague-van-deriva" title="El momento de la verdad: las negociaciones de Copenhague van a la deriva pero los países ricos aún pueden enderezar el rumbo" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Thu, 17 Dec 2009 12:05:26 +0000 Ian Sullivan 8975 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/09-12-17-crise-copenhague-negociations-en-train-echouer-mais-leaders-pays-riches-peuvent-sauver#comments Discussions de l’ONU sur le climat : le verdict http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/08-12-16-discussions-de-l%E2%80%99onu-sur-le-climat-le-verdict <div class="field field-name-body"><p>Les discussions de l’ONU sur le climat à Poznan se sont déroulées jusqu’à une heure avancée hier soir. Je suis parti vers minuit car franchement, je ne comprenais pas un mot de ce qui se disait. Les discussions étaient ponctuées d’acronymes inconnus, d’obscurs termes techniques ou encore de numéros faisant référence à des documents, alors j’ai préféré laisser <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6VSWNtMa1I" rel="nofollow"><strong>l’équipe Oxfam chargée des politiques</strong> </a>déchiffrer ce qui se passait et discuter avec eux le lendemain matin.</p> <p>Leur sentiment est toujours celui de la déception. La conférence de Poznan devait être une étape clé entre le début des <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/pressroom/pressrelease/2007-12-15/bali-finale-oxfams-verdict" rel="nofollow">négociations à Bali</a></strong> l’année dernière et leur conclusion à Copenhague l’année prochaine. Mais au lieu de cela, Poznan a fait preuve d’un manque de progrès déplorable.</p> <p> À présent, les nations développées auraient dû avoir exposé les grandes lignes de leurs plans d’action sur la réduction des émissions, le financement et la technologie, mais cela n’a pas été fait. Ces pays ont essayé de retarder les choses, de rejeter les torts, et dans le cas du Canada, de revenir sur leurs obligations concernant le changement climatique.</p> <p>En revanche, un grand nombre de pays en développement sont venus à Poznan avec des propositions claires et, dans le cas de pays comme l’Afrique du Sud, le Mexique et la Chine, des plans d’action nationaux pour réduire les émissions.</p> <p>Un accord ambitieux à Copenhague est encore possible et plus que jamais nécessaire, mais cela nécessitera des progrès bien plus rapides que pendant l’année qui vient de s’écouler. Plus précisément, il faudra que les pays développés se rendent aux négociations début 2009 avec <strong><a href="http://www.oxfam.org/fr/policy/comment-transformer-le-carbone-en-or" rel="nofollow">bien plus de volonté politique</a></strong> et de flexibilité lors des négociations.</p> <p>Les seuls progrès enregistrés à Poznan ont concerné l’adaptation. En réponse au fait reconnu selon lequel le changement climatique a déjà des effets sur la vie de millions de personnes, la conférence a accepté de mettre en place un <strong><a href="http://unfccc.int/cooperation_and_support/financial_mechanism/adaptation_fund/items/3659.php" rel="nofollow">fonds pour aider les pays pauvres</a></strong> à s’adapter aux changements qu’ils subissent dans le domaine du climat. Toutefois, après de longues négociations, les pays développés ont rejeté l’appel retentissant en faveur de fonds supplémentaires. Ceci a été condamné avec véhémence par les pays en développement, évoquant les besoins urgents des populations vulnérables subissant une crise dont elles ne sont pas à l’origine.</p> <p>À bientôt avec une nouvelle analyse des discussions de l’ONU sur le climat...</p></div><div class="field field-name-title"><h2>Discussions de l’ONU sur le climat : le verdict</h2></div><ul class="links inline"><li class="translation_en first"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/en/blog/08-12-13-un-climate-talks-verdict" title="UN Climate Talks: the verdict" class="translation-link" xml:lang="en">English</a></li> <li class="translation_es last"><a href="http://l.blogs.oxfam/es/blog/08-12-16-negociaciones-de-la-onu-sobre-el-cambio-climatico-el-veredicto" title="Negociaciones de la ONU sobre el cambio climático: el veredicto" class="translation-link" xml:lang="es">Español</a></li> </ul> Mon, 15 Dec 2008 17:17:20 +0000 Theo Ratcliff 8715 at http://l.blogs.oxfam http://l.blogs.oxfam/fr/blog/08-12-16-discussions-de-l%E2%80%99onu-sur-le-climat-le-verdict#comments